05/01/2017 World News Today


05/01/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Reged Ahmad.

:00:00.:00:08.

America's National Intelligence chief says Russia made an aggressive

:00:09.:00:11.

attempt to interfere in the US election.

:00:12.:00:16.

James Clapper appears at a Senate investigation into hacking attacks

:00:17.:00:22.

He says Russia continues to be a serious cyber threat.

:00:23.:00:30.

It also entailed classical propaganda and disinformation, fake

:00:31.:00:35.

news. Did that continue? Yes. Two

:00:36.:00:43.

people are killed in a car bomb explosion near a court building

:00:44.:00:44.

in the Turkish city of Izmir. New research suggests that living

:00:45.:00:47.

near a busy road increases the risk And the bad boy prince -

:00:48.:00:50.

Letters written by Princess Diana reveal that her son Harry

:00:51.:00:54.

was routinely in trouble at school. America's Director of National

:00:55.:01:18.

Intelligence, James Clapper, says there were multiple motives

:01:19.:01:24.

for cyberattacks during the US presidential election,

:01:25.:01:27.

but he says any interference did not He's referring there to whether US

:01:28.:01:29.

voting machines were manipulated. Mr Clapper, and other senior

:01:30.:01:37.

intelligence and security figures, were giving evidence before

:01:38.:01:40.

the Senate Armed Services He described Russia

:01:41.:01:42.

an an existential threat Mr Clapper was also asked

:01:43.:01:44.

by the committee about WikiLeaks He insisted that Assange had put

:01:45.:01:48.

American lives in danger. James Clapper's comments

:01:49.:01:51.

were in contrast to incoming president Donald Trump

:01:52.:01:53.

who on Wednesday seemed to back Assange's view which cast doubt

:01:54.:01:55.

on whether Russia was the source Mr Trump has since insisted that

:01:56.:01:58.

he's a big fan of US Intelligence. During the hearing, Mr Clapper

:01:59.:02:02.

was asked directly about Mr Trump and whether his behaviour had

:02:03.:02:05.

undermined the intelligence There is an important distinction

:02:06.:02:11.

here between healthy scepticism, which policymakers, to include

:02:12.:02:18.

policymaker number one, should always have foreign intelligence,

:02:19.:02:20.

but I think there is a difference between scepticism and

:02:21.:02:23.

disparagement. An intelligence report into alleged

:02:24.:02:25.

Russian hacking is set to be Let's speak to our correspondent

:02:26.:02:28.

in Washington, Laura Bicker. Laura, a lot came out of today, but

:02:29.:02:39.

what is the biggest thing that we should be thinking about? This was a

:02:40.:02:45.

sobering assessment of a side bar, a series of cyber attacks jawing the

:02:46.:02:51.

US election. Now, what these top intelligence chiefs are saying is

:02:52.:02:55.

not only did they aggressively hack the US election and they say they

:02:56.:03:02.

have not seen hacking aggressively like this in past elections, but

:03:03.:03:06.

this is a threat that is growing. Not just from Russia, but from

:03:07.:03:12.

elsewhere. And they had a warning for their success that they needed

:03:13.:03:16.

to do better and that is certainly what the National intelligence

:03:17.:03:21.

agency director, James Clapper, had to say. But will his successor list?

:03:22.:03:26.

Because it's successor, Donald Trump, seems to be looking

:03:27.:03:31.

elsewhere. He has dismissed the evidence from various intelligence

:03:32.:03:34.

communities. 17 separate intelligence agencies, that Russia

:03:35.:03:39.

hacked into the US election. He dismissed it in the past, saying

:03:40.:03:43.

that these are the same and chief Sue said that Sadam Hussein had

:03:44.:03:47.

weapons of mass destruction, and he said it could beat Russia, China, or

:03:48.:03:50.

some 14-year-old sitting in their bedroom somewhere. And then of

:03:51.:03:56.

course, recently, he looked as if he was siding with Julian Assange. As

:03:57.:03:59.

you mentioned there, the founder Wikileaks. And to that, the

:04:00.:04:05.

Democratic senator Claire McCaskill had this to say. This information,

:04:06.:04:14.

this goes back to the 60s. The funding that they would share or

:04:15.:04:20.

provide two candidates they supported, the use of this

:04:21.:04:23.

information. But I don't think that we've ever encountered a more

:04:24.:04:30.

aggressive. -- disinformation. Or direct campaign to interfere in our

:04:31.:04:34.

election process than was seen in this case. Laura, there is a much

:04:35.:04:40.

anticipated meeting tomorrow between intelligence chiefs and Donald

:04:41.:04:45.

Trump. Yes, there is. President Obama has already been briefed on a

:04:46.:04:50.

full report by these intelligence chiefs. Donald Trump will get that

:04:51.:04:54.

tomorrow and next week the public will get an unclassified version. It

:04:55.:04:57.

will be interesting to see the reaction of Donald Trump tomorrow

:04:58.:05:00.

because he is coming under increasing pressure, not just from

:05:01.:05:03.

intelligence chiefs but also from his own party. What will he say? And

:05:04.:05:09.

what will the tweet after he has seen that report? Laura, from

:05:10.:05:11.

Washington, thank you very much. Two people have been killed and five

:05:12.:05:12.

wounded in a car bomb explosion The blast took place outside

:05:13.:05:15.

the city's courthouse, with armed attackers opening fire

:05:16.:05:19.

before detonating a bomb. Two of the attackers were shot dead

:05:20.:05:21.

by police and a third Officials have blamed

:05:22.:05:24.

Kurdish militants. This CCTV footage silently conveys

:05:25.:05:27.

the scale of the fatal blast Now the mangled wreckage of the car

:05:28.:05:39.

bomb litters the police checkpoint, where several people

:05:40.:05:50.

have been killed and injured. Turkish police say the bomb was

:05:51.:05:54.

detonated after officers attempted to stop a vehicle in front

:05:55.:05:57.

of the courthouse in is near. Eyewitnesses described

:05:58.:06:05.

what happened next. TRANSLATION: I was at the security

:06:06.:06:08.

cabin and a black car approached and He got out of the car

:06:09.:06:11.

and exploded the bomb he I ran into the market

:06:12.:06:15.

and lay down on the floor. Police at the scene shot dead

:06:16.:06:22.

a man they suspected following a shoot out involving

:06:23.:06:25.

the police and a number of men The area has now been

:06:26.:06:29.

sealed off for further The governor of Izmir has

:06:30.:06:32.

already saiD he believes that Kurdish separatists, the PKK,

:06:33.:06:49.

are behind the attack. The group, however, has not

:06:50.:06:51.

claimed responsibility. TRANSLATION: The terrorists

:06:52.:06:53.

were captured dead. Along with them, two

:06:54.:06:57.

AK-47 rifles, an RPG7, and eight sets of ammunition

:06:58.:07:00.

as well as hand grenades. It was just a week ago

:07:01.:07:02.

in Istanbul that 39 people were killed in a terrorist

:07:03.:07:05.

attack carried out by the so-called As security forces grapple

:07:06.:07:08.

with today's events in the normally peaceful

:07:09.:07:17.

seaside town of Izmir, Turks are again left

:07:18.:07:18.

with a sense that they are no longer safe

:07:19.:07:20.

in their own country. Now a look at some of

:07:21.:07:23.

the day's other news. Syrian state media say at least ten

:07:24.:07:36.

people have been killed by a car bomb in the government-controlled

:07:37.:07:41.

capital. Videos show a number of damaged cars and buildings on what

:07:42.:07:46.

would normally be a busy street. It is not yet clear who was behind the

:07:47.:07:49.

attack. The Iraqi military says it's opening

:07:50.:07:53.

a new front in the fight It's trying to re-capture towns

:07:54.:07:56.

near the Syrian border in the west. For weeks the army has been

:07:57.:08:00.

engaged in a major fight against the militants

:08:01.:08:02.

in the northern city of Mosul. German authorities are investigating

:08:03.:08:04.

whether there were security failings relating to the truck attack

:08:05.:08:07.

on a Christmas market in Berlin. The security services had

:08:08.:08:09.

dropped surveillance of the Tunisian Anis Amri

:08:10.:08:11.

despite identifying him as potentially dangerous,

:08:12.:08:15.

and known to be living under Police in Israel have arrested two

:08:16.:08:18.

people accused of inciting violence against judges who convicted a young

:08:19.:08:22.

soldier on Wednesday of manslaughter, for shooting dead

:08:23.:08:24.

a wounded Palestinian attacker. The military court's decision

:08:25.:08:26.

to convict Sgt Elor Azaria on Wednesday has sharply divided

:08:27.:08:30.

opinion, with some threatening Four teenagers have been arrested

:08:31.:08:32.

in the US city of Chicago after a man was tortured in a video

:08:33.:08:44.

broadcast live on Facebook. Police say the man has special

:08:45.:08:49.

needs and have described the video as "sickening"

:08:50.:08:52.

and a possible hate crime. Catharina Moh has more -

:08:53.:08:56.

and just a warning you may find some A graphic attack,

:08:57.:08:59.

streamed live on Facebook. A man bound, beaten,

:09:00.:09:05.

and tortured in Chicago. The assailants can be heard

:09:06.:09:09.

shouting racial slurs. It makes you wonder

:09:10.:09:16.

what would make individuals I have been a cop

:09:17.:09:19.

for 28 years and I've seen things that you shouldn't see

:09:20.:09:24.

in a lifetime but it still amazes me how we still see things

:09:25.:09:28.

that you just shouldn't. In one part of the half-hour video,

:09:29.:09:32.

they use a knife to remove part of his

:09:33.:09:36.

scalp and he is forced at knife-point to say,

:09:37.:09:38.

"I Police say the victim has

:09:39.:09:39.

mental health challenges. They found him wandering

:09:40.:09:45.

the streets disorientated. Like I said, I mean,

:09:46.:09:48.

it took most of the night for him to calm down enough to be

:09:49.:10:01.

able to talk to us. He is an acquaintance of one

:10:02.:10:03.

of the subjects and apparently they For teenagers have

:10:04.:10:06.

been arrested, two Police say he may have been

:10:07.:10:09.

kidnapped for up to 48 hours If you looked at the video,

:10:10.:10:13.

they were just... Investigators don't believe this

:10:14.:10:16.

was a racist attack. They believed the victim

:10:17.:10:19.

was targeted because he has special needs and that it is possible

:10:20.:10:22.

the suspects were trying to extort Police in Austria say they're

:10:23.:10:24.

still looking for about six men suspected of sexually

:10:25.:10:38.

assaulting 18 women during New Year's Eve celebrations

:10:39.:10:40.

in the western city of Innsbruck. The men, thought to be

:10:41.:10:42.

from Asia or North Africa, groped and kissed the women

:10:43.:10:45.

as they watched a firework display. The assaults come a year

:10:46.:10:50.

after hundreds of women were attacked in the German city

:10:51.:10:52.

of Cologne during 2015 New Europe is like a celebration in

:10:53.:11:07.

a Innsbruck. It was here, among this crowd, that 18 met -- and women who

:11:08.:11:15.

had come to watch the fireworks were assaulted. Lycee it was done by a

:11:16.:11:20.

group of five or six men. They touched the women inappropriately.

:11:21.:11:25.

The man who is leading the investigation told the BBC that the

:11:26.:11:28.

number of assault and the fact that they were carried out by a group was

:11:29.:11:33.

unprecedented in Innsbruck. The police are checking CCTV footage.

:11:34.:11:38.

The suspects are believed to be between 25 and 30 years old,

:11:39.:11:42.

possibly from a shot or North Africa. Their nationalities are not

:11:43.:11:47.

clear. It is but they are still in Innsbruck. Police say their research

:11:48.:11:53.

includes refugees are tours. The assaults happened despite heightened

:11:54.:11:56.

security in the city. Last year in neighbouring Germany, hundreds of

:11:57.:11:59.

women were assaulted on new year in Cologne. Anti-immigrant sentiment in

:12:00.:12:05.

Austria has grown after the refugee and migrant crisis in 2015. When the

:12:06.:12:10.

country to gain about 1% of its population. -- took in.

:12:11.:12:22.

There have also been reports of New Year's Eve

:12:23.:12:25.

It's been described as the mass molestation case in the south

:12:26.:12:28.

Several women have been telling the media they were

:12:29.:12:32.

One incident was caught on CCTV of two men on a motorbike

:12:33.:12:36.

But the police commissioner has now told the BBC there's no evidence

:12:37.:12:41.

to support allegations of widespread sexual assaults.

:12:42.:13:41.

People are pushing and shoving and they were

:13:42.:13:43.

touching and grabbing and

:13:44.:13:44.

groping and everything was happening on that

:13:45.:13:46.

street, and not only with

:13:47.:13:47.

They were using their arms and legs to slap them.

:13:48.:13:59.

But I felt so helpless but still I was not able to do anything.

:14:00.:14:23.

We have seen about 70 camera footage is. And we have not found any case

:14:24.:14:29.

which is molestation case. A British woman who dedicated

:14:30.:14:43.

her life to helping survivors of sexual violence

:14:44.:14:46.

after she was raped has died. Jill Saward was 51

:14:47.:14:48.

and suffered a stroke. She was assaulted in 1986

:14:49.:14:50.

by burglars who broke into her father's vicarage in Ealing

:14:51.:14:54.

in West London. Having already been partially

:14:55.:14:56.

identified by different media outlets, she went on to become

:14:57.:14:59.

the first rape victim to waive her right to anonymity,

:15:00.:15:01.

when she wrote a book People who live near

:15:02.:15:04.

major roads could be That's according to a decade-long

:15:05.:15:14.

study by scientists in Canada, which found one in ten cases

:15:15.:15:19.

could be linked to The researchers say more work is now

:15:20.:15:21.

needed to understand the link. Our Medical Correspondent Fergus

:15:22.:15:26.

Walsh has the story. Two of the downsides

:15:27.:15:34.

of living near a major road. But a greater likelihood

:15:35.:15:39.

of getting dementia? Well, that's the theory

:15:40.:15:47.

behind a new study. This research shows I think

:15:48.:15:49.

for pretty much the first time, there is a link between

:15:50.:15:54.

living near a busy main road - we are talking a busy A road or dual

:15:55.:16:01.

carriageway - and having But I think shows that this

:16:02.:16:04.

could be a new risk factor we haven't really

:16:05.:16:08.

considered before. A study of 2 million

:16:09.:16:09.

Canadians found around 10% of dementia cases in urban areas

:16:10.:16:12.

could be linked to exposure to heavy The researchers found that living

:16:13.:16:14.

within 50 metres of a major road increased the risk

:16:15.:16:18.

of dementia by 7-11%. At 100 metres, the

:16:19.:16:22.

increased risk was 4%. Leeds is like any urban

:16:23.:16:28.

centre, congested and Keeping the mind active is one

:16:29.:16:30.

of the benefits of this crossword club, so are members

:16:31.:16:39.

worried that city living might be main road, you could do yourself

:16:40.:16:42.

a great deal of damage. In the same way that

:16:43.:17:00.

when unleaded petrol was introduced, the connection between

:17:01.:17:05.

lead and brain damage was then proven so I would not

:17:06.:17:13.

be at all surprised. Around 850,000 people

:17:14.:17:15.

in the UK have dementia. It gradually robs them

:17:16.:17:17.

of their memories and brain But the origins of the condition

:17:18.:17:19.

are not well understood. This research doesn't prove that

:17:20.:17:23.

heavy traffic causes dementia. It makes a fascinating link that

:17:24.:17:28.

requires further investigation. But there are already

:17:29.:17:34.

many reasons to avoid the polluted

:17:35.:17:35.

air in our cities. It can cause serious breathing

:17:36.:17:39.

difficulties and trigger a heart attack or stroke

:17:40.:17:43.

in those already at risk. Last year, British scientists

:17:44.:17:49.

found tiny pollution particles in samples

:17:50.:17:52.

of brain tissue. Another hint there may be

:17:53.:17:57.

a link between traffic and For now, the best

:17:58.:18:00.

advice, to reduce your dementia risk is to exercise

:18:01.:18:07.

and eat healthily. Six letters from Princess Diana have

:18:08.:18:17.

sold for more than ?15,000 One handwritten letter from Diana

:18:18.:18:20.

to ex-Buckingham Palace steward Cyril Dickman revealed Prince Harry

:18:21.:18:24.

was "constantly in While another detailed how young

:18:25.:18:26.

Prince William would swamp his baby Bidders from as far away

:18:27.:18:30.

as Australia, Japan and the US all wanted to get their hands

:18:31.:18:34.

on a piece of the royal Joining us now is Luke MacDonald,

:18:35.:18:37.

the director of Cheffins Fine Art auctions, where the letters

:18:38.:18:44.

were sold. First of all, what were your

:18:45.:18:54.

favourite bits of this particular collection? Well, I think the

:18:55.:18:59.

letters you have just mentioned, two of which were extremely personal and

:19:00.:19:06.

clearly written to Cyril Dickman, the head student at King Palace, who

:19:07.:19:13.

they were obviously very close to and that is what really I find so

:19:14.:19:19.

fascinating and so nice. I think it is what people find so interesting.

:19:20.:19:25.

The letters themselves are very personal. I just wonder whether the

:19:26.:19:29.

royal family expressed any interest in getting hold of them and keeping

:19:30.:19:34.

them, given they detail what Princess Diana thought of her

:19:35.:19:39.

family. Before she died. We certainly made the palace very aware

:19:40.:19:43.

of the letters and we do know that they were... That they knew about

:19:44.:19:51.

them. But I think that they already have quite a lot of their own

:19:52.:19:58.

correspondence and photographs and so forth, so now. These letters

:19:59.:20:07.

weren't bought by the family. They were sold to collectors. Locally and

:20:08.:20:14.

abroad. It is 20 years since Princess Diana has passed away. What

:20:15.:20:19.

do you think these kinds of insides tell us about the Princess? I think

:20:20.:20:26.

they show a very personal sides and one that many people can relate to

:20:27.:20:31.

as a mother of small children and she was very much loved, the

:20:32.:20:37.

people's Princess, and I think people can relate, 20 years on to

:20:38.:20:43.

the time when she sadly did pass away and was killed tragically in

:20:44.:20:48.

Paris. I understand part of the wedding cake was sold at auction as

:20:49.:20:54.

well. How unusual is it for this kind of collection to come up? Well,

:20:55.:20:59.

I think quite unusual. Quite unusual to have so many items and have such

:21:00.:21:05.

a personal connection with one person, if you see what I mean.

:21:06.:21:11.

Cyril Dickman was head steward at Buckingham Palace for 50 years and

:21:12.:21:18.

new the Queen for all that time, obviously, and her young family and

:21:19.:21:24.

saw the young royals grow up and I think there was a special

:21:25.:21:28.

connection, so this collection itself was unique in that respect. I

:21:29.:21:34.

can't imagine that piece of wedding cake is very edible. Do we know

:21:35.:21:37.

anything about who bought it and what they may want to do with that?

:21:38.:21:42.

I don't know who bought it, actually, as it happens. It will be

:21:43.:21:50.

just as a souvenir, isn't it? And unique. 17 years all is, almost. --

:21:51.:22:00.

70 years old. All in its original wrapping, unopened, clearly. And as

:22:01.:22:07.

they all were. There were four pieces. Princess and's wedding,

:22:08.:22:11.

Charles and Diana's wedding, and I can't remember the other one now.

:22:12.:22:22.

Possibly Andrew and Sarah. Yes, the Duke of York's wedding. I can't

:22:23.:22:25.

remember now. It has been quite a busy day. We hope whoever has got

:22:26.:22:32.

those pieces of wedding cakes enjoy it in whatever form. Thank you very

:22:33.:22:33.

much. The biggest technology show in

:22:34.:22:35.

the world is underway in Las Vegas. as it's known, has attracted

:22:36.:22:41.

nearly 4,000 exhibitors Most interesting, perhaps,

:22:42.:22:45.

is the range of products designed for the home,

:22:46.:22:48.

which claim to use Here's our Technology

:22:49.:22:50.

correspondent Rory Cellan-Jones. In a penthouse suite at a ritzy

:22:51.:22:58.

Las Vegas hotel, smart There's a smart speaker

:22:59.:23:00.

for children, where There is even Nora,

:23:01.:23:05.

described as a smart snoring This little device is paired

:23:06.:23:24.

with a pad under the pillow which detects me snoring and moves

:23:25.:23:28.

just enough to stop me without The big theme this year

:23:29.:23:31.

is turning the advances in artificial intelligence

:23:32.:23:35.

into products. This one is meant to

:23:36.:23:38.

be a shop assistant. While this is designed

:23:39.:23:47.

as a companion for children Even into this toothbrush,

:23:48.:23:49.

which learns how you Artificial intelligence

:23:50.:23:53.

is not just gathering So then you learn where your

:23:54.:23:56.

weaknesses are, where your strengths are, and the purpose

:23:57.:24:03.

is to become better at taking care of your

:24:04.:24:06.

oral health. This walking stick is also

:24:07.:24:11.

smarter than it looks. An in-built mobile

:24:12.:24:13.

phone Sim card means And then when it detects it,

:24:14.:24:15.

it will alert the family or the So they can come and

:24:16.:24:24.

help these people. And this clever mirror helps

:24:25.:24:27.

anyone to try out make-up. From the Las Vegas strip

:24:28.:24:32.

we met someone, a young entrepreneur for Manchester,

:24:33.:24:39.

who has just flown in. His instant translation

:24:40.:24:41.

headphones aren't quite ready. They'll eventually be

:24:42.:24:44.

tiny earbuds, but he It is really important

:24:45.:24:47.

because we will be able to showcase what we have

:24:48.:24:52.

been working to the whole public and to the whole world, to let them

:24:53.:24:55.

know that this is something that started years ago, with small starts

:24:56.:24:59.

and the dedication and passion. The odds are against

:25:00.:25:02.

Danny, a one-man band taking on giants

:25:03.:25:07.

like Apple and Google, but like plenty of people here this

:25:08.:25:09.

week, he is betting that he has a product that

:25:10.:25:12.

can change the world. Before we go we will show these

:25:13.:25:29.

pictures of a five-month-old baby elephant taking a dip in Thailand as

:25:30.:25:34.

part of the rehabilitation process to heal her injured foot. It was got

:25:35.:25:37.

in a trap set by local villagers in November. The wind and her health

:25:38.:25:45.

has removed significantly, although she still refuses to put weight on

:25:46.:25:49.

her legs, so the treatment is being undertaken so that she can avoid

:25:50.:25:53.

having to use a prosthetic leg, which could take up to two months.

:25:54.:25:54.

That is all for now. Don't forget you can get

:25:55.:25:55.

in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter -

:25:56.:25:58.

I'm @RegedAhmad. Good evening. Some changes on the

:25:59.:26:11.

way over the next few days. We are losing the call, frosty nights and

:26:12.:26:15.

we are losing a lot of the sunshine as

:26:16.:26:16.

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