04/01/2017 World News Today


04/01/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 04/01/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me, Celia Hatton.

:00:09.:00:10.

The battle lines are being drawn in Washington over the future

:00:11.:00:14.

of President Obama's health care reforms.

:00:15.:00:15.

With just two weeks left of his presidency, the Republicans

:00:16.:00:18.

are promising to repeal Obama's signature health care policy

:00:19.:00:20.

New images of the main suspect in the Berlin truck attack passing

:00:21.:00:27.

through Brussels are released by Belgian prosecutors.

:00:28.:00:35.

2017 is looking to be a crucial year for the EU,

:00:36.:00:38.

with Brexit, major elections and the rise of populism.

:00:39.:00:41.

We gaze into the crystal ball at what lies ahead.

:00:42.:00:45.

And spinning his way through old age.

:00:46.:00:47.

He may be 105 years old but this Frenchman has set

:00:48.:00:50.

With just days to go before he leaves the White House,

:00:51.:01:14.

Barack Obama faces a battle over his legacy.

:01:15.:01:16.

A political showdown is underway in Washington

:01:17.:01:19.

over his health care reforms, with the Republicans promising

:01:20.:01:21.

to repeal the legislation as soon as possible.

:01:22.:01:24.

President Obama has been meeting fellow Democrats in Congress

:01:25.:01:27.

to discuss how to protect the Affordable Care Act,

:01:28.:01:31.

It started with a simple goal - to extend health insurance

:01:32.:01:35.

Vice-president-elect Mike Pence said Donald Trump is working to ensure

:01:36.:01:43.

an orderly transition to a new health care system.

:01:44.:01:46.

Earlier, Mr Trump warned Republicans to ensure the Democrats took

:01:47.:01:49.

the blame for what he described as "the Obamacare disaster".

:01:50.:01:54.

There have been two distinguished guests at Capitol Hill this morning.

:01:55.:02:08.

President Obama was here to try to save his key health care reforms.

:02:09.:02:13.

And Vice President elect Mike Pence was here to talk about ridiculing

:02:14.:02:18.

and replacing it. With me is, written and Bruce Westerman from

:02:19.:02:25.

Arkansas. -- congressmen. What are you going to replace Obamacare with?

:02:26.:02:31.

I'm not sure replace is the right word. The first order of business

:02:32.:02:38.

will be to repeal some of the bad parts as much as possible and then

:02:39.:02:42.

it will be a process to put in a good legislation that puts patients

:02:43.:02:48.

first and is about a patient's ability to get access, something

:02:49.:02:53.

that will not break the bank. We have seen the cost of insurance

:02:54.:03:01.

premiums skyrocket, as much as 115% increases this year. For private

:03:02.:03:07.

individuals buying their health insurance through employers, we have

:03:08.:03:11.

seen deductibles and premiums go up and we have to get this up under

:03:12.:03:15.

control and make it more patient centred. You have spoken of the

:03:16.:03:20.

problems with Obamacare but you are saying you will not rip the whole

:03:21.:03:28.

Affordable Care Act up? Through the reconciliation process there are

:03:29.:03:34.

certain things we can wrap up to with taxes and spending and then we

:03:35.:03:39.

will have to look at individual pieces of the whole health care

:03:40.:03:49.

system, like Medicaid and Medicare. With Obamacare, nobody understood

:03:50.:03:54.

what was in it when they got it. What about the 20 million Americans

:03:55.:04:00.

who have health insurance that they would not have had before Obamacare,

:04:01.:04:06.

will they get to keep it? A lot of those people had insurance and were

:04:07.:04:12.

pushed in the exchanges. The rollback process will be slow. It

:04:13.:04:17.

took 5-6 years to implicate Obamacare as it is now and we cannot

:04:18.:04:23.

just pull the rug out but we have to do it in a methodical process and

:04:24.:04:28.

give people peace of mind to do this in a way that allows people access

:04:29.:04:32.

to health care but also do it in a smart way, debating individual

:04:33.:04:39.

components and issues, keeping what is... Do you think both parties can

:04:40.:04:46.

work together on some points? I think so because when you look at

:04:47.:04:50.

the failure the increased premiums, people were told if they liked their

:04:51.:04:55.

doctor they could keep them, it hasn't been true, we were told

:04:56.:05:01.

premiums would go down $2500, not true, increased deductibles were

:05:02.:05:08.

out-of-pocket expenses are tremendous, simple things like

:05:09.:05:11.

health saving accounts allowing Americans to save money for expenses

:05:12.:05:15.

and keep that money for future years, small solutions, I am not in

:05:16.:05:24.

favour of one big package to replace what is there now. As a Republican,

:05:25.:05:31.

you must be pretty happy with the state your party has found itself

:05:32.:05:36.

in. What are you looking forward to under Donald Trump? I am looking

:05:37.:05:44.

forward... -- I am going into my second term so I am looking forward

:05:45.:05:51.

to getting legislation passed. Vice President Mike Pence was a member of

:05:52.:05:58.

this body and is willing to work with us. I think we are seeing a

:05:59.:06:02.

common vision that has been mandated by the American people that they

:06:03.:06:07.

want the country to move in this direction and I am excited to help

:06:08.:06:13.

it move that way. I heard from a Democratic congressman earlier and

:06:14.:06:17.

he said he felt quite sad that it may be President Obama's last visit

:06:18.:06:22.

to Congress. You have seen both sides within just a few hours but

:06:23.:06:25.

the president elect will take his place in just 16 days in the White

:06:26.:06:29.

House. The German prosecutor's office has

:06:30.:06:32.

confirmed the detention of a second Tunisian suspect in connection

:06:33.:06:34.

with the attack on a Officials said the man had dinner

:06:35.:06:37.

with the killer, Anis Amri, The man who drove the truck

:06:38.:06:40.

into the crowded market, He was shot dead in Milan,

:06:41.:06:44.

four days after the attack. Today, Belgian prosecutors have

:06:45.:06:59.

released a CCTV image which they say shows the main suspect in the Berlin

:07:00.:07:03.

truck attack passing through Brussels two days later.

:07:04.:07:04.

To get more on the arrest, let's go to our correspondent

:07:05.:07:07.

Damien McGuiness who is in Berlin for us.

:07:08.:07:11.

Tell me, what else can you tell us about this suspect and the ongoing

:07:12.:07:20.

investigation? Officials said this afternoon that they think this new

:07:21.:07:24.

suspect either knew about the attack, that it was going to happen,

:07:25.:07:30.

or helped in planning. That is because it seems he spent all

:07:31.:07:34.

evening the night before the actual attack chatting in the restaurant,

:07:35.:07:38.

as you mentioned, with Anis Amri, and this was described as an

:07:39.:07:45.

intensive chat. Indicating they were possibly talking about the attack.

:07:46.:07:48.

Right now, police are questioning this suspect and analysing 20 mobile

:07:49.:07:54.

phones seized in the refugee accommodation where this man left.

:07:55.:08:01.

-- was living. He was an asylum seeker from Tunisia, like the

:08:02.:08:07.

attacker Anis Amri, and this started a debate here about asylum seekers

:08:08.:08:12.

who do not have their application for asylum accepted in Germany,

:08:13.:08:18.

so-called failed asylum seekers. So the ramifications on the whole

:08:19.:08:23.

debate about who is a legitimate asylum seeker and who is not as been

:08:24.:08:32.

affected by this. Are there concerns that this investigation is widening?

:08:33.:08:37.

The difficulty is that we have had a couple of false leads. You will

:08:38.:08:42.

remember that the day of the attack the wrong man was arrested and this

:08:43.:08:48.

meant that police were going down the wrong route for days and it is

:08:49.:08:53.

thought this is one reason why Anis Amri slipped out of the German

:08:54.:09:01.

police's grasp. He went to Amsterdam, spending a couple of

:09:02.:09:05.

hours in Brussels before going through France to Italy. So there is

:09:06.:09:15.

possibly going to be a big shake-up on domestic security through

:09:16.:09:18.

Germany, it was announced yesterday by the interior minister of Germany.

:09:19.:09:23.

It is not leading to a backlash against refugees, this case, but a

:09:24.:09:28.

debate about who is a legitimate refugee, and what to do about asylum

:09:29.:09:35.

seekers whose applications were rejected, and how to deport them

:09:36.:09:36.

back to their countries. Turkish police have detained 20

:09:37.:09:39.

people in connection with the attack on a nightclub in Istanbul

:09:40.:09:42.

on New Year's Eve. Earlier, the Turkish Foreign

:09:43.:09:46.

Minister said the chief suspect had been formally identified,

:09:47.:09:49.

but the authorities have Our correspondent Mark

:09:50.:09:50.

Lowen is in Istanbul. Well, it's almost four days now

:09:51.:10:01.

since the massacre at the Reina nightclub which left 39 people dead

:10:02.:10:04.

and still the suspect is on the run. The Turkish Foreign Minister

:10:05.:10:07.

says his identity has been established but we do not

:10:08.:10:09.

have a name officially released. And very little information

:10:10.:10:14.

has come out about him. Some reports that he could have been

:10:15.:10:16.

from a Central Asian country, some video footage that suggests

:10:17.:10:19.

he was in the central Turkish city of Konya back in December before

:10:20.:10:22.

travelling to Istanbul. There have been detentions, some

:10:23.:10:24.

more in the city of Izmir today, of dozens of people suspected

:10:25.:10:29.

of having links to so-called Islamic State, which said

:10:30.:10:33.

it was behind the attack. As for the gunman himself,

:10:34.:10:35.

he is still at large. That is a real problem, of course,

:10:36.:10:38.

for the country, for this nation, because they are fearful of any sort

:10:39.:10:42.

of follow-up attacks and also they want proof from the people

:10:43.:10:45.

who are meant to defend them, to protect this country,

:10:46.:10:51.

that they really can close in on this man,

:10:52.:10:52.

that he hasn't slipped through the net and possibly

:10:53.:10:55.

even left Turkey to go But really those crucial hours

:10:56.:10:57.

following the New Year's Eve attack have now gone

:10:58.:11:01.

and so could the gunmen have been The president, President Erdogan,

:11:02.:11:05.

spoke to the country today, his first public address

:11:06.:11:21.

since the New Year's Eve attack, which is very unusual for a man

:11:22.:11:23.

who rarely shies away from the limelight, and he said

:11:24.:11:26.

that the aim of terrorism is to divide and polarise

:11:27.:11:28.

the country, but we will stand tall as Turks, and he said those

:11:29.:11:31.

who allege this is an attack on a lifestyle choice in Turkey

:11:32.:11:35.

are talking rubbish. That comes from the allegation

:11:36.:11:39.

that the Islamist rhetoric of President Erdogan

:11:40.:11:42.

and his government has made the secular side of the country feel

:11:43.:11:45.

vulnerable and exposed. But really Turkey is now desperately

:11:46.:11:49.

trying to find this man and desperately trying to reassure

:11:50.:11:52.

a country which has been profoundly shaken by this terror attack

:11:53.:11:56.

in the heart of Istanbul. Turkey has warned that

:11:57.:12:02.

a new round of Syria peace talks is at risk,

:12:03.:12:04.

accusing the government of violating a fragile truce it brokered

:12:05.:12:08.

with Russia last week. The nationwide ceasefire

:12:09.:12:12.

is holding in most areas but is being threatened by fighting

:12:13.:12:14.

near Damascus, in the areas Government forces and their

:12:15.:12:17.

Iranian-backed allies are trying to recapture the area,

:12:18.:12:21.

which is the main source of water to the capital

:12:22.:12:24.

which has been without water The regime and the rebels

:12:25.:12:27.

have been blaming each The UN said that the lack

:12:28.:12:30.

of clean water in Damascus Any lack of water I think is

:12:31.:12:34.

obviously a humanitarian emergency Lack of fresh water leads

:12:35.:12:41.

to more and more diseases, As part of our response in Syria,

:12:42.:12:44.

the UN has already rehabilitated and equipped a number of wells

:12:45.:12:54.

in and around Damascus to cover about one third of daily

:12:55.:12:57.

water needs in the city. Since the 22nd, those wells have

:12:58.:13:00.

been the sole source of water Israel's Prime Minister,

:13:01.:13:02.

Benjamin Netanyahu, has joined those calling for a pardon for a soldier

:13:03.:13:09.

who's been convicted of manslaughter for the killing

:13:10.:13:12.

of a wounded Palestinian. Sergeant Elor Azaria killed

:13:13.:13:15.

Abdul Fatah al-Sharif in Hebron last March,

:13:16.:13:18.

after the Palestinian had been involved in

:13:19.:13:20.

stabbing another soldier. The high profile case has

:13:21.:13:23.

polarised opinion in Israel, as our Middle East correspondent

:13:24.:13:25.

Yolande Knell explains. It's minutes after two young

:13:26.:13:31.

Palestinian men with knives attacked One is dead and one's

:13:32.:13:33.

clearly still alive. Sgt Elor Azaria,

:13:34.:13:43.

a 19-year-old medic, A single bullet to the head

:13:44.:13:45.

killed Abdul Fatah Sharif. Today, the sergeant

:13:46.:13:56.

was in a military court, smiling to see a friend

:13:57.:13:58.

and his mother. But soon after, he was found

:13:59.:14:01.

guilty of manslaughter. Judges rejected the soldiers claim

:14:02.:14:03.

that the Palestinian posed a threat and decided he shot him

:14:04.:14:09.

out of revenge. But Sgt Azaria has loyal backers,

:14:10.:14:14.

in a country where most young people They accused the army

:14:15.:14:17.

of abandoning one of its own. This guy came to do an attack,

:14:18.:14:25.

to hurt about these families. Even the Israeli Defence

:14:26.:14:30.

Minister spoke of this Before taking up his post, he made

:14:31.:14:36.

clear his support of Sgt Azaria. And that caused tensions

:14:37.:14:42.

with the top brass here They have said they command

:14:43.:14:44.

according to rules and an ethical Such a high-profile trial

:14:45.:14:50.

of a soldier for killing a Palestinian is very

:14:51.:14:56.

unusual in Israel. The outcome was welcomed

:14:57.:14:59.

by the family of Abdul Fatah Sharif. TRANSLATION: I feel like any father

:15:00.:15:05.

would feel after seeing my son It's so hard to see that,

:15:06.:15:08.

no-one can endure this. It's still hard for me every time

:15:09.:15:12.

I remember what happened. If he died instantly,

:15:13.:15:16.

it would've been much easier than to see your son

:15:17.:15:18.

executed like that. Sgt Azaria's crime took place

:15:19.:15:22.

during a wave of Palestinian attacks, when there was a national

:15:23.:15:25.

debate about how to respond. And his case has proved

:15:26.:15:29.

highly divisive. When he is sentenced,

:15:30.:15:32.

the maximum he could serve is 20 years in jail,

:15:33.:15:34.

but he is expected to get far less. Marine Le Pen, leader

:15:35.:15:52.

of the French National Front, has launched a scathing attack

:15:53.:15:54.

on the Euro, saying that France should go back

:15:55.:15:56.

to its own national currency. The right-wing politician,

:15:57.:15:59.

who is tipped to make it through to the final

:16:00.:16:01.

round of the presidential election, said leaving the Euro

:16:02.:16:03.

would help return sovereignty. 2017 is shaping up to be a crucial

:16:04.:16:05.

year for the European Union. There's no doubt that Brexit,

:16:06.:16:08.

the rise of the far right, and economic troubles

:16:09.:16:11.

across the Continent will be among Hello, I'm Chris Morris,

:16:12.:16:13.

and these are the top European Elections in several countries

:16:14.:16:20.

are set to reveal whether rising populism is a passing phase

:16:21.:16:27.

or a new reality. In the Netherlands in March,

:16:28.:16:30.

we'll find out how well the Dutch His popularity has faded

:16:31.:16:33.

before previous elections. In France, could Marine Le Pen

:16:34.:16:40.

from the National Front claim Or will voters from the centre left

:16:41.:16:43.

and centre right join In Germany, Angela Merkel remains

:16:44.:16:51.

the favourite to win a fourth term in September but keep an eye

:16:52.:16:55.

on rising support for the anti-immigrant, anti-Euro

:16:56.:17:03.

Alternativ Fur Deutschland. At some stage there is almost

:17:04.:17:05.

certainly going to be The antiestablishment

:17:06.:17:07.

Five Star Movement is The European Union will hold

:17:08.:17:10.

a special summit in Rome in March, to mark the 60th anniversary

:17:11.:17:15.

of the treaty which founded Critics say there isn't

:17:16.:17:17.

much to celebrate. But March should also see the UK

:17:18.:17:22.

triggering Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty,

:17:23.:17:28.

setting off a process which will see For the first time, the EU

:17:29.:17:31.

is about to get smaller, not bigger. Much will depend throughout

:17:32.:17:39.

the year on the health of the European economy,

:17:40.:17:41.

particularly in the Eurozone. The migration crisis

:17:42.:17:44.

will also be closely watched. And then, of course, there are two

:17:45.:17:48.

big external actors in Europe. To the east, Russia,

:17:49.:17:51.

and the always difficult relationship European countries have

:17:52.:17:54.

with President Vladimir Putin. And to the West, a new factor,

:17:55.:17:58.

the sheer unpredictability What will he mean for European

:17:59.:18:02.

security and for trade? For decades, Europe has

:18:03.:18:09.

relied on stable relations Joining me now is Florentin Collomp,

:18:10.:18:12.

the UK Correspondent We'll start with a topic I'm sure

:18:13.:18:33.

you deal with on a daily basis, Brexit. Where you think we will be

:18:34.:18:38.

one year from now in the negotiations? 2017 should be the

:18:39.:18:44.

year of the end of the phoney war between the Europe and Britain in

:18:45.:18:52.

that matter. Negotiations should start in March and then progress

:18:53.:18:55.

throughout the year. By the end of the year, I doubt much will be

:18:56.:19:03.

achieved because the negotiations will be interrupted by elections in

:19:04.:19:07.

different countries on the continent, the Netherlands in March,

:19:08.:19:12.

France in April, May and June, Germany in autumn. Until the autumn

:19:13.:19:21.

of 2017, I think the core of the discussions will not have advanced

:19:22.:19:26.

much. Elections. The name of the game. The French election, how do

:19:27.:19:31.

you think the outcome of that will affect the rest of the EU? It is

:19:32.:19:36.

important and it is very open actually. It might lead to

:19:37.:19:42.

surprises. You had a report about marine Le Pen. She is one of the

:19:43.:19:49.

fixtures of this election but people tend to project what happened in

:19:50.:19:53.

Britain, or compare with the election of Donald Trump. I doubt a

:19:54.:20:00.

surprise like that would happen in France because she has been a

:20:01.:20:04.

permanent fixture of French politics for years, if not decades if you

:20:05.:20:09.

consider her father at the head of the party as well. So the campaign

:20:10.:20:19.

is very open. Populism will play a part will stop populism is on the

:20:20.:20:27.

rise -- a part. Populism is on the rise. How would you characterise?

:20:28.:20:37.

The British model and the huge event that Brexit was cannot compare our

:20:38.:20:43.

be transferred to politics in different countries like France.

:20:44.:20:50.

Actually Brexit has made support for the EU progress on the continent and

:20:51.:20:58.

only a third of Europeans are actually ready to leave the EU if

:20:59.:21:03.

they were asked to do so. In France, support for the EU is about 60%, so

:21:04.:21:09.

it is not exactly the same topics and it is more linked to migration

:21:10.:21:11.

in France. This year, Canada is preparing

:21:12.:21:13.

to legalise the sale of marijuana. And, with that, a new industry

:21:14.:21:16.

will be born and a whole new group of brands hope to redefine how

:21:17.:21:19.

future consumers There is a large segment of people

:21:20.:21:22.

that are not defined I am who I am, and I might

:21:23.:21:52.

use cannabis but it's Just like people who drink coffee,

:21:53.:21:57.

just like people who might enjoy We felt like there was no real

:21:58.:22:03.

home for the creators, the people who are otherwise able

:22:04.:22:41.

to engage in beautiful retail, there was no real home for them

:22:42.:22:43.

to buy cannabis products. I had really never been

:22:44.:22:46.

in a headshop that I wasn't And he's nothing less

:22:47.:22:49.

than a cycling legend. Robert Marchand is 105 years

:22:50.:23:13.

old and today he set He cycled well over

:23:14.:23:17.

22km in one hour. It was a race against

:23:18.:23:23.

the clock in a category the International Cycling Union

:23:24.:23:25.

created just for him. Asked why he wanted to set

:23:26.:23:28.

a new record, he told reporters he simply wanted to prove that

:23:29.:23:31.

there's more to life after 100 Our Paris correspondent

:23:32.:23:35.

Hugh Schofield has more. 92 laps, 22.5 kilometres,

:23:36.:23:44.

Robert Marchand has done it again. The Frenchman is already

:23:45.:23:50.

holder of the hour time trial for centenarians,

:23:51.:23:54.

and now he is champion of a new age category, created for

:23:55.:23:57.

cyclists aged 105. Robert Marchand has always

:23:58.:24:05.

been a fitness fan. In earlier life he was a gymnastics

:24:06.:24:08.

champion and a boxer. He never smoked, he drinks only the

:24:09.:24:12.

occasional glass of wine TRANSLATION: I do 10-20 kilometres

:24:13.:24:14.

every day but I don't With more and more people

:24:15.:24:22.

around the world living into their hundreds,

:24:23.:24:31.

the case of Robert Marchand Though his coaches

:24:32.:24:33.

admit his physique is TRANSLATION: He has

:24:34.:24:37.

an exceptional heart. Yesterday we did a 20-minute test

:24:38.:24:45.

and all the 20 minutes his heart rate never surpassed 100

:24:46.:24:56.

beats per minute. At the end of his latest exploit,

:24:57.:25:00.

Mr Marchand said his legs felt fine, His record now has to be officially

:25:01.:25:04.

confirmed by international Lovely pictures now from

:25:05.:25:11.

Chicago Zoo, where a two-week-old She hasn't been named yet,

:25:12.:25:26.

but her birth is already being called significant,

:25:27.:25:29.

as her species is considered Keepers hope she will help to raise

:25:30.:25:31.

awareness about the threats facing A struggle over Barack Obama's

:25:32.:25:49.

legacy is underway with two weeks left in his presidency. The

:25:50.:25:53.

Republicans promise to repeal his signature health care policy.

:25:54.:25:55.

Temperatures are going to continue to plunge through the rest of this

:25:56.:26:11.

evening and tonight.

:26:12.:26:13.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS