09/01/2017 World News Today


09/01/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 09/01/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today with me Tom Donkin, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:00.

More than 30 people are now known to have died as icy temperatures

:00:07.:00:15.

The extreme conditions have caused big disruptions,

:00:16.:00:18.

while aid agencies have warned of the dangers faced by thousands

:00:19.:00:21.

of vulnerable people across the continent.

:00:22.:00:34.

Here especially, people are suffering too much and having

:00:35.:00:40.

respiratory infections, they are quickly going down because of

:00:41.:00:44.

pneumonia and bronchitis, it can be really bad.

:00:45.:00:45.

Protests in Turkey as the country's parliament debates constitutional

:00:46.:00:47.

changes that'll give President Erdogan more powers.

:00:48.:00:49.

Opponents say it'll turn a democratic system

:00:50.:00:50.

Is a visit to the dentist about to become a thing of the past?

:00:51.:00:58.

There's hope - because scientists discover a drug that encourages

:00:59.:01:00.

Meryl Streep hits out at Donald Trump in her

:01:01.:01:04.

He fires back by calling her one of the most 'overrated'

:01:05.:01:08.

More than 30 people have died over the weekend as a cold snap

:01:09.:01:27.

from the Arctic Circle took hold in much of central

:01:28.:01:30.

Temperatures dropped to as little as minus 30 celsius.

:01:31.:01:35.

In Kosovo for example many areas are without power.

:01:36.:01:43.

This is the Mirusha waterfall, a popular tourist attraction.

:01:44.:01:45.

Two people have died in Moscow, nearly 200 others are in hospital

:01:46.:01:57.

after suffering from severe hypothermia.

:01:58.:01:59.

And charities are concerned for refugees crossing

:02:00.:02:01.

the continent on foot or living in informal settlements.

:02:02.:02:06.

There are 2000 of them in the Serbian capital, Belgrade,

:02:07.:02:10.

where temperatures are down to minus 20.

:02:11.:02:13.

The fourth consecutive day of snow here has

:02:14.:02:21.

closed this area to shipping and given the area's ferry operators

:02:22.:02:23.

Traffic on another major waterway, the Danube, has also

:02:24.:02:29.

been suspended because of ice flows in Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria.

:02:30.:02:34.

In the major Romanian port city of Constanza,

:02:35.:02:37.

the Black Sea has frozen far out from the shore.

:02:38.:02:40.

Most affected by the cold are the poor in

:02:41.:02:42.

The homeless and migrants have been particularly hard hit.

:02:43.:02:52.

In this abandoned Belgrade warehouse, several hundred migrants

:02:53.:02:54.

and refugees have been living for months.

:02:55.:02:57.

These are the latest pictures from what was once called

:02:58.:02:59.

Yes, actually, the cold is too much and last night, all

:03:00.:03:05.

the people were around the fire and it was too cold.

:03:06.:03:08.

Until now, we are here because the situation is too

:03:09.:03:12.

There are 13 official refugee centres in Serbia with around 7,000

:03:13.:03:21.

Hungary is only allowing in 100 a week.

:03:22.:03:27.

Those near the top of the list wait here in

:03:28.:03:30.

Hungarian police and soldiers patrol on the far side.

:03:31.:03:37.

Meanwhile, in Italy, there are Christmas card

:03:38.:03:39.

Only a few years ago, such images were commonplace

:03:40.:03:46.

in January across Europe, but after five years of global

:03:47.:03:52.

warming, many people had forgotten how hard a real winter can be.

:03:53.:03:57.

Turkey's parliament began debating controversial changes

:03:58.:03:59.

to the constitution that would hugely increase the power

:04:00.:04:04.

He says they're needed to maintain 'stability'.

:04:05.:04:07.

The opposition accuse the government of trying to introduce

:04:08.:04:12.

If approved, the changes would give President Erdogan the power

:04:13.:04:15.

to appoint his government and declare 'states of emergency'

:04:16.:04:19.

They would also mean President Erdogan could serve two

:04:20.:04:21.

more five-year terms - potentially - keeping him

:04:22.:04:23.

He would also have more say over finances and budgets.

:04:24.:04:38.

As I mentioned, those proposals still need to go through Parliament

:04:39.:04:43.

twice and then to a public vote, how likely is that? The process would be

:04:44.:04:49.

longer than two weeks but the main opposition parties are saying they

:04:50.:04:54.

are going to be making some oppositions against changes to the

:04:55.:05:00.

consideration, so in two weeks, the parliament will be discussing the

:05:01.:05:07.

changes to the Constitution. 2016 was one of the bloodiest years for

:05:08.:05:09.

Turkey in recent memory, president and again would say that the country

:05:10.:05:14.

needs a strong leader in order to combat terrorism for what do Turks

:05:15.:05:19.

think about that argument? There are a lot of parties saying that, this

:05:20.:05:23.

change will bring more stability, so the people who are going to be, if

:05:24.:05:29.

the can changes, there will be a referendum so people who would be

:05:30.:05:32.

voting for the concert you should, they will be saying yes or no.

:05:33.:05:37.

People will be thinking more about whether supporting it, they will be

:05:38.:05:43.

thinking about that when they go to the polls. Surely they will be some

:05:44.:05:47.

in the country saying that the president has promised to crack down

:05:48.:05:50.

and tighten security, and all the string of attacks which continue to

:05:51.:05:56.

happen, that hasn't happened yet? In 2016, the past year, we have seen an

:05:57.:06:02.

attempted coup, so now the president is elected in Turkey. Beforehand

:06:03.:06:06.

they were not elections for the president. So right now, the parties

:06:07.:06:12.

are saying that, the president would be more powerful, and democracy will

:06:13.:06:15.

be more powerful so the terrorist attacks, and the two, they will be

:06:16.:06:22.

less in the future. Is this debate about the concert you shall have

:06:23.:06:27.

anything to do with the failed coup? This has been debated, for so long,

:06:28.:06:35.

even before the attempt. But after they could attack, after these

:06:36.:06:38.

attacks, they will be saying that this change will be to the system in

:06:39.:06:42.

Turkey. Now it's time to look at some

:06:43.:06:44.

of the days other news. Russia has called accusations by US

:06:45.:06:48.

intelligence agencies that it ran a programme of cyber hacking

:06:49.:06:50.

to influence the American presidential election

:06:51.:06:54.

"groundless and amateurish". The Kremlin said the accusations

:06:55.:06:57.

resembled a witch-hunt - A new US intelligence report warns

:06:58.:07:00.

that the risk of conflicts between and within nations

:07:01.:07:07.

will increase over the next five years to levels not

:07:08.:07:10.

seen since the Cold War. Analysts say slow growth along

:07:11.:07:13.

with the use of greater technology in job markets will threaten poverty

:07:14.:07:16.

reduction and drive tensions within countries for years to come,

:07:17.:07:19.

leading to nationalism. Talks on reunification between

:07:20.:07:32.

Turkish and Greek site in Cyprus have begun in Geneva, seen as the

:07:33.:07:38.

best chance in a decade to end the 42 year division in the

:07:39.:07:38.

Mediterranean island. Donald Trump appears to have

:07:39.:07:46.

stolen the headlines He's called Meryl Streep 'overrated'

:07:47.:07:48.

The actress had accused Mr Trump of 'divisive rhetoric',

:07:49.:07:51.

at last night's awards in California, from where

:07:52.:07:53.

James Cook reports. Yet again Hollywood has been invaded

:07:54.:07:55.

by British acting royalty. In film and in television,

:07:56.:07:58.

stars from the UK are wowing And what could be more

:07:59.:08:00.

British than the Queen? She has been at the centre

:08:01.:08:04.

of the world for the past 63 years and I think the world could do

:08:05.:08:12.

with a few more women at the centre There were three awards

:08:13.:08:16.

for the cast of the BBC Its star, Tom Hiddleston,

:08:17.:08:22.

told us he couldn't believe it. I did not expect to win

:08:23.:08:27.

a Golden Globe tonight and I was sat next to Hugh Laurie when he won

:08:28.:08:31.

and I thought, I can go home happy. And then when it came

:08:32.:08:35.

to my category, I was up Another British winner was absent,

:08:36.:08:37.

Olivia Colman is preparing But Hugh Laurie was there to pick

:08:38.:08:46.

up his award from the Hollywood Foreign Press Association with a dig

:08:47.:08:52.

at Donald Trump. I suppose made more amazing

:08:53.:08:55.

by the fact that I will be able to say that I won this at the last

:08:56.:08:58.

ever Golden Globes. I don't mean to be gloomy,

:08:59.:09:01.

it's just that it has the words Hollywood,

:09:02.:09:04.

foreign and press in the title, Receiving a lifetime achievement

:09:05.:09:06.

award, Meryl Streep also lambasted Disrespect invites disrespect,

:09:07.:09:11.

violence incites violence. When the powerful use their position

:09:12.:09:20.

to bully others, we all lose. In the most predictable plot twists,

:09:21.:09:26.

Donald Trump responded on Twitter. On the night, though,

:09:27.:09:38.

it was not politics There were a record seven

:09:39.:09:40.

Golden Globes for the old-fashioned musical La La Land, including acting

:09:41.:09:50.

awards for its stars, And I think that hope and creativity

:09:51.:09:52.

are two of the most important things in the world and that is what this

:09:53.:10:02.

movie is about. Hollywood can be fun and frivolous

:10:03.:10:06.

but it also prides itself on tackling serious subjects

:10:07.:10:09.

and many stars here on the red carpet are predicting a surge

:10:10.:10:13.

in political films this year following the most

:10:14.:10:17.

divisive of elections. James Cook, BBC News,

:10:18.:10:21.

at the Golden Globes in Angeles. The Golden Globe awards also

:10:22.:10:26.

recognise achievements in television, and the biggest

:10:27.:10:28.

winner for the small screen was The Night Manager,

:10:29.:10:31.

an adaptation of a novel by spy novelist John Le Carre,

:10:32.:10:33.

which was co-produced by the BBC. Joining me live from Los Angeles

:10:34.:10:36.

is the show's executive Huge congratulations on the win, I'm

:10:37.:10:51.

only on the first episode of the series. This is essentially a spy

:10:52.:10:58.

story, isn't it? And not a Cold War won but a modern take. You think the

:10:59.:11:06.

spy genre is having a renaissance? I don't think it's ever going away.

:11:07.:11:12.

The Night Manager was adapted from a novel by John Omran, it was his

:11:13.:11:19.

first post Cold War model, and as the good Godfather of the genre, he

:11:20.:11:30.

set the template for everything we have come to know as the

:11:31.:11:35.

quintessential spy story. We taciturn Brits have a worrying

:11:36.:11:44.

talent for the city and reserve. -- duplicity. At the spy story works so

:11:45.:11:48.

well because it's about people who not only have two... Have to lie in

:11:49.:11:59.

their lives, but also to their nearest and dearest. I don't think

:12:00.:12:04.

that's gone to go away and the moral ambiguity that also is championed by

:12:05.:12:09.

Le Carre, head of his time, is increasing a something of the

:12:10.:12:15.

zeitgeist. I think we're seeing a renascent and we will go on seeing a

:12:16.:12:18.

recent in spy stories, they are fun to watch and fun to make. Huge

:12:19.:12:24.

congratulations for the many wins, the executive producer of the

:12:25.:12:31.

Brilliant Beginnings, which won a slew of awards including acting

:12:32.:12:34.

gongs for Tom Fulston and Hugh Laurie.

:12:35.:12:40.

In the last hour, it's been annoucned that Donald Trump has

:12:41.:12:42.

appointed his son in law Jared Kushner as a Special Advisor

:12:43.:12:45.

Anthony Zurcher joins us from Washington.

:12:46.:12:50.

How legal is this? There are none was against nepotism that dates back

:12:51.:12:59.

to the 1960s that they can't put on that of your family -- laws against

:13:00.:13:05.

nepotism. Reports are coming out that the Trump administration's

:13:06.:13:11.

lawyers have come up with a walk around, they could look at the

:13:12.:13:15.

language of the law that talks about appointing two and agency and say

:13:16.:13:20.

the White House isn't a government agency therefore not covered by

:13:21.:13:25.

this, and then there was an outlandish proposal suggested that

:13:26.:13:34.

Donald Trump appoints him, and then pardons amusingly presidential

:13:35.:13:38.

pardon looks as if they will try and take advantage of this grey area and

:13:39.:13:42.

getting in there. The reality is that Jared Kushner has had Donald

:13:43.:13:50.

Trump's ear, he has had his ear throughout the campaign, whether or

:13:51.:13:52.

not he had an official position, he would be looking to him for advice.

:13:53.:13:59.

We often see him by Donald Trump's side, many of these meetings, I just

:14:00.:14:03.

want to ask why that is, why does he want so badly in his illustration?

:14:04.:14:11.

He has an interesting ground and a lot in common with Donald Trump,

:14:12.:14:15.

they were both children of real estate, he inherited his father's

:14:16.:14:24.

business business, he has ties to the more established political

:14:25.:14:33.

people in Manhattan, said Donald Trump feels he is a go-between

:14:34.:14:39.

between Donald Trump and some of the establishment figures that he wants

:14:40.:14:41.

to curry favour with but the bottom line is that he trusts Jared Kushner

:14:42.:14:48.

and he stood by him throughout the campaign so you want to keep them

:14:49.:14:56.

close. Thank you. Donald Trump has announced that his son-in-law Jared

:14:57.:14:58.

Kushner is to be senior adviser. Northern Ireland's power-sharing

:14:59.:15:04.

agreement is under threat after the most senior Republican

:15:05.:15:06.

politician in the as Deputy First Minister,

:15:07.:15:08.

in protest at the handling of His Sinn Fein party,

:15:09.:15:15.

which favours unification with the Republic of Ireland,

:15:16.:15:23.

currently shares power with a pro-British party

:15:24.:15:24.

in a system established Just put this in context and explain

:15:25.:15:35.

to our viewers what this means for the Northern Ireland peace process.

:15:36.:15:39.

Essentially, the peace process itself is still intact, what we're

:15:40.:15:44.

talking about tonight is the political process, Northern Ireland

:15:45.:15:47.

is run by a Northern Ireland executive which is made up of

:15:48.:15:52.

essentially two parties, the DUP, pro-British and Sinn Fein,

:15:53.:15:55.

pro-Irish, the institutions were set up as a result of the good Friday

:15:56.:16:01.

agreement, a peace agreement, and it operates on the power-sharing, so

:16:02.:16:04.

you have a First Minister from one party and the Deputy First Minister

:16:05.:16:08.

from the other party. The power-sharing can't exist unless you

:16:09.:16:12.

have two people going together, what has happened the night is Martin

:16:13.:16:16.

McGuinness, the Deputy First Minister, has resigned and that

:16:17.:16:18.

basically means power-sharing cannot continue. They have a week to try

:16:19.:16:26.

and sort it out and nominate another Deputy First Minister, and then the

:16:27.:16:29.

British Secretary of State in London has a big decision to make, he can

:16:30.:16:33.

ask for elections and then they would be new elections to the

:16:34.:16:38.

Northern Ireland assembly. These two parties in the power-sharing

:16:39.:16:41.

agreement share power, they are the highest elected parties in the land,

:16:42.:16:47.

they become the two highest voted for parties, what happens then? That

:16:48.:16:52.

is highly likely, if you look at the statistics, it is likely that both

:16:53.:16:55.

DUP and Sinn Fein could come back again as the top two parties and

:16:56.:17:00.

technically, you could have a DUP First Minister and a Sinn Fein

:17:01.:17:04.

Deputy First Minister. What it means is that all the problems we were

:17:05.:17:10.

talking about, the energy scheme, the mass debating, they haven't gone

:17:11.:17:13.

away, they will have to sit down and come up with some sort of system to

:17:14.:17:21.

sort out this mess. It means that the old problems simply haven't gone

:17:22.:17:22.

away. A fund for the family

:17:23.:17:29.

of the Polish lorry driver killed in the Berlin Christmas

:17:30.:17:31.

market attack has reached Fellow lorry driver David Duncan

:17:32.:17:33.

was so shocked by what happened Today Mr Duncan was personally

:17:34.:17:39.

thanked by the Polish Ambassador to London,

:17:40.:17:45.

as Kasia Madera reports. When Dave Duncan heard

:17:46.:17:55.

about Lukasz Urban's killing in the attack on the Christmas

:17:56.:17:56.

market in Berlin, he felt compelled to help the deceased

:17:57.:17:59.

man's family in some way. So he set up an online fundraising

:18:00.:18:01.

campaign to raise money. It was just something I'd seen

:18:02.:18:05.

on the TV or something and thought "Why not?

:18:06.:18:08.

Why not me?" Actions speak louder

:18:09.:18:11.

than words, so they say. It's been incredible, amazing that

:18:12.:18:14.

people responded to it, yeah. The campaign has been welcomed

:18:15.:18:24.

by Mr Urban's family Please accept my gratitude

:18:25.:18:28.

for your remarkable work. Today, the Polish ambassador Arkady,

:18:29.:18:37.

Rzegocki, met up with Mr Duncan Here are some Polish

:18:38.:18:40.

products, just for you. The money raised by Mr Duncan

:18:41.:18:50.

will go to Lucasz Urban's widow and teenage son,

:18:51.:18:54.

and he hopes to visit them in Poland Now, if you're like me you'll do

:18:55.:18:57.

just about anything to get out of going to the dentist -

:18:58.:19:06.

but pretty soon we might not have Scientists say teeth can be

:19:07.:19:09.

encouraged to repair themselves, meaning potentially -

:19:10.:19:14.

an end to fillings. A team of researchers

:19:15.:19:16.

from King's College here in London showed that a chemical can encourage

:19:17.:19:22.

cells to heal small If you would be able to explain how

:19:23.:19:37.

this works? We insert a small sponge, that is soaked in a drug,

:19:38.:19:43.

into the cavity in the tooth, that's prepared in the normal way by a

:19:44.:19:47.

dentist, and the drug of the sponge stimulant is the stem cells in the

:19:48.:19:53.

tooth to begin to repair the damage. Specifically that means making new

:19:54.:20:00.

mineralised tissue called dentine. As I understand the drug can only

:20:01.:20:04.

help very small cavities, in the future, will they be able to repair

:20:05.:20:09.

larger holes and maybe recruited entirely? It can repair larger

:20:10.:20:17.

cavities, what it does is it enhances a natural process, that

:20:18.:20:22.

itself can only repair small lesions. When we add the drug, it

:20:23.:20:27.

enhances that process and so we're able to naturally repair larger

:20:28.:20:31.

lesions. So the tooth is the related to repair itself. -- stimulator.

:20:32.:20:39.

That's not related to growing the new tooth, when it's to do with

:20:40.:20:44.

dental decay Andrew trauma Kouyate damage to teeth. How long do you

:20:45.:20:52.

think it might be before you and I benefit from this? We have quite a

:20:53.:20:59.

few additional things to do, as you might imagine, mice teeth are very

:21:00.:21:05.

small, so the damage is small but is repaired, so we have to look at how

:21:06.:21:09.

we can scale up to the equivalent size of a human tooth. Once that is

:21:10.:21:15.

done, hopefully we will be in a position to start thinking and

:21:16.:21:21.

preparing for testing this in patients. I mentioned we might not

:21:22.:21:25.

have to go to the dentist so often, is there any truth in that? How

:21:26.:21:31.

common feelings, is that one of the reasons people have to go to the

:21:32.:21:37.

dentist? -- billings. There is some truth in that, we think this process

:21:38.:21:43.

restores normal structure of the truth rather than having something

:21:44.:21:47.

artificial put in such is a filling or cement of some kind, there is

:21:48.:21:53.

less chance for failure in the future and conventional fillings do

:21:54.:21:56.

fail and you have to go back to the dentist. This system essentially

:21:57.:22:00.

recreates the normal tooth structure. Thank you for all of that

:22:01.:22:08.

interesting detail. He led the study into regrowing teeth and the new

:22:09.:22:12.

potential future for dentistry. Divorce can often be a painfully

:22:13.:22:18.

long and drawn out process. But in India, a Muslim practice

:22:19.:22:20.

grants men instant divorce if they say "talaq",

:22:21.:22:23.

meaning "divorce", three times. The practice, known as "triple

:22:24.:22:24.

talaq", is completely legal but is now facing a strong challenge

:22:25.:22:27.

at India's highest court which could declare

:22:28.:22:29.

the practice unconstitutional. Yogita Limaye has this

:22:30.:22:31.

report from from Mumbai. Three words changed

:22:32.:22:35.

her life forever. Shavista Sheikh says her husband

:22:36.:22:39.

divorced her during a phone call by simply saying,

:22:40.:22:41.

"Talaq, talaq, talaq." Her son is now four years

:22:42.:22:48.

old and she has been doing odd TRANSLATION: Men think they can say

:22:49.:22:53.

the three words and shake off all responsibility but they don't

:22:54.:23:01.

stop to think that somebody's life In India, different religious groups

:23:02.:23:04.

are allowed to have their own rules governing personal affairs including

:23:05.:23:14.

marriage and divorce. That's why, for Muslim

:23:15.:23:18.

men in this country, so-called triple talaq

:23:19.:23:19.

is perfectly legal. It is, though, a practice

:23:20.:23:21.

that's banned across much But it is being

:23:22.:23:24.

challenged in India now. Women offended by triple talaq

:23:25.:23:28.

from across the country One by one, they describe

:23:29.:23:31.

how their world fell apart in an instant,

:23:32.:23:36.

losing not just marriage but also This group has asked India's highest

:23:37.:23:40.

court to ban the practice. All of this is not

:23:41.:23:48.

sanctioned by the Koran. And it is not sanctioned

:23:49.:23:52.

by the Constitution of India, also. So we are demanding

:23:53.:23:55.

our Koranic rights. It's a move supported

:23:56.:23:59.

by India's government, but with its Hindu nationalists

:24:00.:24:03.

links, minority groups are often There's strong opposition from some

:24:04.:24:05.

prominent Muslim bodies. Triple talaq is a part

:24:06.:24:11.

of our religious belief. There is no compromise as far

:24:12.:24:15.

as the religous laws are concerned. The Islam is for the people

:24:16.:24:18.

who have the faith in it. If you have the faith in it,

:24:19.:24:25.

you follow the religion. If you don't have the faith

:24:26.:24:28.

in it, who is asking India's constitution gives

:24:29.:24:30.

people the right to freely practise any religion,

:24:31.:24:35.

but it also guarantees The court will now have to decide

:24:36.:24:39.

which is more important. One of the world's most

:24:40.:24:52.

challenging dog sled races has Set among snow-capped

:24:53.:24:54.

mountains between Savoie riders and their dogs travel 1,000

:24:55.:24:58.

kilometres over 11 days. Contestants from seven countries

:24:59.:25:07.

are taking place in the race. Extreme weather in Europe has left

:25:08.:25:30.

30 people dead. It agencies have warned of the dangers faced by

:25:31.:25:34.

thousands of honourable people across the continent. In Turkey,

:25:35.:25:39.

protests are occurring as the country's parliament debate and

:25:40.:25:42.

additional changes that will give the president much more powers.

:25:43.:25:47.

Opponents say it will create a dysentery and regime. --

:25:48.:25:53.

totalitarian regime. But for now from me and the rest

:25:54.:25:57.

of the team, goodbye.

:25:58.:25:59.