16/01/2017 World News Today


16/01/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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Hello and welcome, this is BBC World News Today

:00:00.:00:00.

The German Chancellor says European unity is the best response

:00:00.:00:09.

to outspoken comments made by Donald Trump.

:00:10.:00:10.

In a newspaper interview, the US President-elect

:00:11.:00:14.

called Nato obsolete, and said he expected more countries

:00:15.:00:17.

Countries want their own identity. And the UK wanted its own identity.

:00:18.:00:33.

The inquest opens into the Tunisian terror attack, when 38 tourists

:00:34.:00:37.

And hitting back at fake news, Facebook introduces new tools

:00:38.:00:42.

in Germany to highlight stories which seem to be false.

:00:43.:01:02.

The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has said that

:01:03.:01:04.

European unity is the best response to outspoken comments

:01:05.:01:07.

by Donald Trump, which challenged some long-standing principles

:01:08.:01:10.

In an outspoken interview with the Times and Bild newspapers,

:01:11.:01:15.

the US President-elect didn't hold back in his criticism.

:01:16.:01:18.

He said the German Chancellor Angela Merkel had made a "catastrophic

:01:19.:01:22.

mistake" by admitting more than a million migrants.

:01:23.:01:25.

He said he thought Brexit was "smart" and "others will leave"

:01:26.:01:28.

as the EU is basically a vehicle for Germany.

:01:29.:01:33.

And Nato, he said, was obsolete, although he also insisted

:01:34.:01:35.

Little wonder that there have been some terse comments

:01:36.:01:40.

from Berlin and Brussels, as our diplomatic Correspondent

:01:41.:01:43.

They've rehearsed the inauguration in Washington with a stand-in

:01:44.:01:50.

for President Trump, but no one knows quite

:01:51.:01:55.

what to expect at Friday's ceremony, still less

:01:56.:01:57.

what will happen in the first 100 days with Donald Trump

:01:58.:02:01.

What we do know is there will be nothing conventional about it,

:02:02.:02:06.

because the President-elect has made that very clear.

:02:07.:02:10.

Among his most eye-catching new quotes, Donald Trump says the EU

:02:11.:02:13.

is on the brink of collapse, partly because Germany's leader

:02:14.:02:17.

Angela Merkel made one very catastrophic mistake with

:02:18.:02:20.

I think it's not good, I think it was a big

:02:21.:02:27.

Germany's Chancellor was diplomatically

:02:28.:02:30.

TRANSLATION: The fight against terrorism is a great

:02:31.:02:37.

We see this as a pan-European and a global task.

:02:38.:02:44.

I would separate this from the task of helping refugees.

:02:45.:02:50.

The majority of refugees have left Syria because of their

:02:51.:02:52.

Donald Trump also warned Germany its car companies would have

:02:53.:02:59.

Start building them in the US, he said, not in Germany,

:03:00.:03:04.

and certainly not in Mexico, or face a 35% tax.

:03:05.:03:09.

So what about the most complicated Trump relationship of all,

:03:10.:03:12.

Mr Trump will explore making "good deals" with Russia.

:03:13.:03:18.

As part of that, nuclear weapons on both sides should be

:03:19.:03:21.

It's true both the United States and Russia have more than enough

:03:22.:03:30.

missiles and warheads to destroy each other and Mr Trump hinted

:03:31.:03:34.

a nuclear negotiation might involve offering Mr Putin the easing

:03:35.:03:38.

But Mr Trump was also highly critical of Vladimir Putin's

:03:39.:03:44.

intervention in Syria, calling it "a very rough thing."

:03:45.:03:49.

The bombardment of Aleppo, he said, was nasty, with troops,

:03:50.:03:52.

in his words "shooting old ladies walking out of town."

:03:53.:03:57.

So, how to reconcile all that with the President-elect on Nato,

:03:58.:04:00.

"Nato is obsolete," he keeps repeating.

:04:01.:04:07.

So, what could that mean for America's new deployment

:04:08.:04:09.

of heavy armour to Poland to deter any future Russian threat?

:04:10.:04:14.

TRANSLATION: At Nato, remarks made by President-elect Trump

:04:15.:04:21.

As world leaders gather in the Swiss Alps for their annual

:04:22.:04:27.

Davos forum, many will be perplexed, even alarmed, not knowing what sort

:04:28.:04:31.

With me is our diplomatic and defence correspondent

:04:32.:04:43.

What was the most striking line out of this interview? Was it that the

:04:44.:04:56.

President-elect thinks Nato is obsolete? It is a contradiction,

:04:57.:05:01.

everything he says. He does saying Nato was obsolete. But, then, he

:05:02.:05:06.

goes onto say that it is very for him. He says the European Union is

:05:07.:05:12.

simply a vehicle for Germany and is essentially in part setup just a

:05:13.:05:15.

rival the United States economically. When asked about US

:05:16.:05:20.

security guarantees to Europe, he says, I feel very strongly towards

:05:21.:05:25.

Europe. It's those kinds of contradictions. One strange lead

:05:26.:05:28.

others haven't picked up but I think when he was asked about this

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question of moving the US Embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv in Israel,

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that's something he appears throughout his campaign to have

:05:38.:05:41.

insisted he's going to do. He refused to actually talk about that

:05:42.:05:44.

any further. Maybe some sign of a softening on his position.

:05:45.:05:49.

Essentially this man was a very unconventional candidate. It's going

:05:50.:05:53.

to be a very unconventional president. And I think people are

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gradually realising that perhaps he isn't going to change and they going

:05:58.:06:00.

to have to get used to that. What you make of the German response?

:06:01.:06:06.

Angela Merkel said he had great respect for her. He also said that

:06:07.:06:13.

she made a catastrophic mistake. Her response was that we Europeans have

:06:14.:06:16.

fate in our hands. That's what she said. Hers were the most diplomatic

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responses to it. Others were far more critical. The problem is that

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in many areas, the Europeans cannot stand on their own. The continent is

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obsessed now with Brexit and the problems of Britain's withdrawal

:06:39.:06:43.

from you. You have crucial elections in other countries, the Netherlands,

:06:44.:06:48.

in France the presidential elections which similarly could put a spoke in

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the works of the European project in various ways. As we saw there, in

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James' film report, the US tanks arriving in Europe, fundamentally

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whatever the European nations do in defence, and they do a lot but not

:07:06.:07:10.

enough, it is ultimately American security and American forces that

:07:11.:07:17.

guarantee Nato's defences. Whilst Europe can talk tough, it is beset

:07:18.:07:24.

by problems. It is the set with difficulties on trying to elaborate

:07:25.:07:27.

a wider foreign policy at a time when so many countries are looking

:07:28.:07:30.

inward to the problems of the EU itself. It isn't sufficient for the

:07:31.:07:35.

German chancellor to say that Europe will make its own destiny. You talk

:07:36.:07:40.

about contradictions, Donald Trump is known for contradicting himself

:07:41.:07:46.

repeatedly. At what point do people like Angela Merkel expect his point

:07:47.:07:52.

of view to crystallise? The German foreign secretary said he'd even

:07:53.:07:58.

contradicted himself on native. The fact contradicts key officeholders

:07:59.:08:02.

in his upcoming Cabinet is, I suppose, not surprising. A lot of

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the test will be when this government gets going, when we

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actually see the US Secretary of State out and about, expressing US

:08:10.:08:17.

policy, the policy of the Trump administration. Are we going to hear

:08:18.:08:22.

a cacophony of voices with Mr Trump second guessing them? A lack of

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clarity and so on? If that is the case, it will be very serious

:08:27.:08:31.

indeed. We have already seen one of the best and most positive responses

:08:32.:08:36.

to Mr Trump's comments today in this interview on Nato, which of course

:08:37.:08:41.

came from the Russians. They picked up his view that Nato is obsolete.

:08:42.:08:46.

They've been saying that since the end of the Cold War. So he has a

:08:47.:08:50.

receptive audience in some places but he has to convince America's

:08:51.:08:59.

allies and the West and the Middle East that he has their backs and

:09:00.:09:04.

that there will be a single, clear and coherent policy coming out of

:09:05.:09:09.

Washington. On the evidence so far, that will be a tall order. Thank

:09:10.:09:11.

you. In that interview, Donald Trump

:09:12.:09:12.

also said that Britain was "smart" to leave the EU,

:09:13.:09:14.

and he thought other It comes ahead of a major speech

:09:15.:09:17.

on Brexit on Tuesday by the British Prime

:09:18.:09:21.

Minister Theresa May. Our political correspondent

:09:22.:09:22.

Vicki Young is in Central London. How much of a boost have Donald

:09:23.:09:33.

Trump's words about a traitor with the UK coming soon have been for the

:09:34.:09:39.

Brexiteers? Well it has been welcomed by Downing Street as

:09:40.:09:43.

Theresa May prepares to make this speech, as the UK looks about its

:09:44.:09:47.

future. She's going to talk about the need to make global trade deals,

:09:48.:09:52.

how she wants Britain to be outward looking, which helps make the

:09:53.:09:57.

argument that Britain is open for business, despite the Brexit vote.

:09:58.:10:01.

Similar kinds of problems will be foremost in their minds. First of

:10:02.:10:05.

all, Donald Trump, he is unpredictable and will he follow

:10:06.:10:08.

through with the words he wants this very quick trade deal? Some

:10:09.:10:15.

suggesting that he could want it in three months. Some suggest he will

:10:16.:10:21.

want America's interest that hard. Can we really get a good deal out of

:10:22.:10:26.

America? The other problem is a quick trade deal, it's all very well

:10:27.:10:30.

to say that but these things in the past have taken the years. And then

:10:31.:10:34.

there's the problem that under EU rules Britain isn't allowed to sign

:10:35.:10:38.

of any trade deals until we've left the European Union, and that could

:10:39.:10:42.

be two years away. Downing Street saying we would abide by our

:10:43.:10:45.

obligations whilst were in the EU although they did suggest they could

:10:46.:10:50.

be scoping exercises and I certainly know there are discussions going on

:10:51.:10:55.

with countries like New Zealand and Australia. So, in formal talks. But

:10:56.:11:00.

I don't think they think this is signed and sealed you.

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18 months ago, 30 British holiday-makers died

:11:06.:11:06.

Now an inquest into their deaths has been told that some of the victims

:11:07.:11:11.

might still be alive, if local security forces

:11:12.:11:16.

The inquest heard that Tunisian officers had "deliberately delayed"

:11:17.:11:19.

For them, the inquests matter so much.

:11:20.:11:24.

After the anguish and grief of the past 18 months,

:11:25.:11:28.

As the hearing began, the names of those who died were read out,

:11:29.:11:35.

30 British tourists, murdered on holiday.

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They included three generations of one family, married

:11:41.:11:43.

The inquest heard they had needlessly lost their lives.

:11:44.:11:54.

Mobile phone footage shows the chaos and confusion during the attacks.

:11:55.:12:00.

The families watched it in court, listening to the sound of gunfire

:12:01.:12:03.

The gunman was Seifeddine Rezgui, a 23-year-old who was eventually

:12:04.:12:10.

But he'd been intent on killing tourists.

:12:11.:12:17.

The inquest also watched CCTV footage from around

:12:18.:12:19.

The lone gunman on the beach, armed with an automatic

:12:20.:12:24.

And also roaming around inside the hotel, looking

:12:25.:12:30.

A British police team put together this map of his movements.

:12:31.:12:37.

The red arrow indicates where he started shooting,

:12:38.:12:41.

near the sun loungers, before moving to the terrorists

:12:42.:12:44.

and outdoor pool area, and then into the hotel.

:12:45.:12:47.

There were no clear signs of any police or security

:12:48.:12:52.

Samantha Leek QC, counsel to the inquest,

:12:53.:12:58.

referred to a statement from a Tunisian witness.

:12:59.:13:05.

These inquests can't lay blame but they can offer guidance.

:13:06.:13:28.

The families here just want to know how their loved ones came to die

:13:29.:13:32.

A gunman has killed five people at a club hosting an electronic

:13:33.:13:43.

music festival in the Mexican resort of Playa del Carmen,

:13:44.:14:00.

Among those killed are two Canadians, an Italian

:14:01.:14:03.

Elections will take place in Northern Ireland

:14:04.:14:05.

in March after the collapse of the power sharing executive.

:14:06.:14:08.

It follows the resignation of Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness,

:14:09.:14:10.

in protest at the handling of controversial energy scheme.

:14:11.:14:12.

The Russian performance artist known for protest acts

:14:13.:14:14.

like nailing his scrotum to the cobblestones of Red Square

:14:15.:14:17.

says he's fled the country and plans to seek asylum in France.

:14:18.:14:20.

Pyotr Pavlensky said he and his partner were questioned

:14:21.:14:22.

Upon their release, pending an investigation,

:14:23.:14:25.

Mr Pavlensky says they were being framed by the Russian authorities.

:14:26.:14:29.

A Turkish cargo plane has crashed into a residential area close

:14:30.:14:32.

Local authorities say at least 37 people have been killed.

:14:33.:14:44.

The Boeing 737 was en route from Hong Kong.

:14:45.:14:48.

Abduljalil Abdurasulov sent this report.

:14:49.:14:53.

The plane crashed and hit the buildings of the village,

:14:54.:15:03.

TRANSLATION: I heard a strong shot, and after that,

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Of course, everyone got frightened and started to run out

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Nobody understood what was going on because there was a fog.

:15:16.:15:20.

Rescue workers arrived at the scene to help survivors.

:15:21.:15:26.

There are children among the injured.

:15:27.:15:30.

And doctors fear she may lose her baby.

:15:31.:15:36.

This accident shocked many in Kyrgyzstan.

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Grief and sorrow were in the eyes of the emergency workers

:15:42.:15:44.

as they pulled out dead bodies from the rubble.

:15:45.:15:49.

No one from the crew survived the crash.

:15:50.:15:52.

The plane was operated by a Turkish company, ACT Airlines,

:15:53.:15:56.

which flew under the name of My Cargo Airlines.

:15:57.:16:00.

Although it was a foggy day, authorities say that conditions

:16:01.:16:03.

for landing were good, since other flights managed

:16:04.:16:06.

to successfully land prior to the crash.

:16:07.:16:10.

A special committee has been set up to investigate the accident.

:16:11.:16:16.

Facebook is introducing new tools in Germany to help combat the spread

:16:17.:16:19.

The world's largest social network said it would enable users to flag

:16:20.:16:23.

up stories which appear to be fabricated.

:16:24.:16:26.

The BBC is also assembling a permanent team to fact check

:16:27.:16:29.

and debunk deliberately misleading stories.

:16:30.:16:32.

With me is our media editor, Amol Rajan.

:16:33.:16:39.

First of all, what has brought Facebook to the point it feels it

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needs to do this? Fake news is nothing new but we had in the

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electoral campaign last year, we had some stories which went viral which

:16:52.:16:54.

turned out not to be true. Those that claim the Pope back Donald

:16:55.:16:59.

Trump. Those that claim Denzel Washington backed Donald Trump.

:17:00.:17:02.

There is no evidence to suggest those claims were decisive in making

:17:03.:17:07.

sure Trump was elected but they may have been a factor and they were

:17:08.:17:11.

read by millions. The point is that new digital technologies, like

:17:12.:17:17.

social media, Facebook, Twitter etc, have created the potential for false

:17:18.:17:20.

information to go viral, to reach millions of people very fast. Mark

:17:21.:17:31.

Zuckerberg initially said it is a crazy idea, there's no way Facebook

:17:32.:17:34.

can influence the election but now he realises there is a lot of fake

:17:35.:17:38.

news around and he's taking action not only in America but in Germany,

:17:39.:17:42.

too. Essentially, what goes on Facebook is going to need some

:17:43.:17:47.

editing but how will this be done? Facebook has also been resistant to

:17:48.:17:56.

being the arbiters of truth. And, actually, now they've accepted some

:17:57.:17:59.

responsibility for the fact they need to do that, they need to make

:18:00.:18:03.

editorial judgments. What they going to do is in Germany, with elections

:18:04.:18:08.

forthcoming, there is going to be an alarm button. If people are looking

:18:09.:18:16.

at something and people think it is dodgy, Facebook will employ

:18:17.:18:19.

independent fact checkers, and if they find this stuff is unverified

:18:20.:18:25.

or false, there will be a mark that says this information is disputed,

:18:26.:18:29.

here's an explanation. It will not get rid of that content from the

:18:30.:18:34.

social network, but it is a way of flagging stuff that is suspicious.

:18:35.:18:37.

The words fake news are still bringing in the air after last

:18:38.:18:42.

week's press conference by Donald Trump but what our media

:18:43.:18:48.

organisations doing, like the BBC? All media organisations feel that

:18:49.:18:51.

what Donald Trump said last week, when he looked at CNN and said, you

:18:52.:18:57.

have fake news, it is an attack on mainstream organisations. And

:18:58.:19:00.

organisations like the BBC are saying we believe there is a thing

:19:01.:19:05.

such as true news and it is our job to find out the truth and to be the

:19:06.:19:11.

people that stand up for it. We have had a reality check service, and

:19:12.:19:16.

last week the BBC announced a couple of things. A partnership with

:19:17.:19:21.

Facebook to help fact checking on more of the stuff on Facebook. And

:19:22.:19:25.

an attempt to make fact checking a bigger part of news stories that

:19:26.:19:28.

appear online. It's fair to say the BBC sees itself as being in the

:19:29.:19:33.

front line in the fight against fake news, whatever may be. Thank you

:19:34.:19:36.

very much. Let's return to the big

:19:37.:19:38.

international event of the week, Friday's inauguration of Donald

:19:39.:19:42.

Trump. The new President will take power,

:19:43.:19:42.

despite taking fewer votes than his rival,

:19:43.:19:46.

because of victories Our correspondent John Kay has been

:19:47.:19:49.

to find out just why people there are so keen

:19:50.:19:59.

on their new leader. Milwaukee, known for its harsh

:20:00.:20:01.

winters, for making cheese and beer, and now for its role in America's

:20:02.:20:03.

fragile new politics. This is no place for fragile -

:20:04.:20:05.

junior ice hockey. This is the Green

:20:06.:20:13.

Bay Junior Gamblers. He likes Donald Trump

:20:14.:20:16.

because he's different, It just goes back to an alternative

:20:17.:20:21.

that's outside of the box, He's a billionaire,

:20:22.:20:29.

though, isn't he? He's a TV star, he's

:20:30.:20:32.

not exactly every man. No, he certainly is not,

:20:33.:20:34.

but I think there's something to be said for him being able to relate

:20:35.:20:37.

to, you know, a plumber, The State of Wisconsin switched

:20:38.:20:42.

sides in this election. The large white working-class

:20:43.:20:51.

electorate normally votes Democrat, They like giving new things a try

:20:52.:20:55.

here, even if it's risky. Your gloves and nearly as big

:20:56.:21:04.

as my hands, aren't they? After nine redundancy

:21:05.:21:07.

threats in six years, he says it's time for a businessman

:21:08.:21:12.

in the Oval Office. It'll be nice to have a little bit

:21:13.:21:16.

more stability in the job front. I'm hoping, from an economic

:21:17.:21:20.

stand-point, that Trump reflects giving that stability back

:21:21.:21:22.

to the country. Some of America's top ice athletes

:21:23.:21:26.

practice on this rink. I understand you like to do this

:21:27.:21:31.

thing, but you're not stopping to do that,

:21:32.:21:34.

you're not doing that Nancy was an Olympian

:21:35.:21:36.

and is now a coach. She told me Donald Trump

:21:37.:21:39.

can bring a winner's Trump makes a decision,

:21:40.:21:44.

he gets it done. Do you have any reservations

:21:45.:21:48.

about his personality, I mean, the things he's said

:21:49.:21:50.

about women, for example? Yeah, I think everybody

:21:51.:21:52.

who is behind him has some reservations, because they really

:21:53.:21:56.

do not know the truth behind that and they are just hoping

:21:57.:21:59.

at this point in his life, Wisconsin may have voted Trump,

:22:00.:22:02.

but only by 1% and some here are still struggling

:22:03.:22:09.

with the result. This is one of the most

:22:10.:22:12.

important jobs in the world, and I'm not certain that he's

:22:13.:22:15.

prepared for it. Hockey mum Liela is willing to give

:22:16.:22:19.

the new president a chance, even though, as a Muslim,

:22:20.:22:23.

she is worried by some I think we have to just wait

:22:24.:22:26.

and see what happens. You sound to me like maybe

:22:27.:22:34.

you're a little nervous? We heard that a lot here,

:22:35.:22:37.

a desire to unite, but an acceptance It's a case that might have baffled

:22:38.:22:45.

Sherlock Holmes himself. Who leaked a copy of the final

:22:46.:22:56.

episode of the BBC's The fact that it was dubbed

:22:57.:22:58.

into Russian is a major clue. But was it criminal

:22:59.:23:03.

piracy, done for money? Calmly, Sherlock, or I

:23:04.:23:05.

will finish right now. The last episode of Sherlock,

:23:06.:23:16.

eagerly awaited by millions, but on Saturday, a copy was leaked

:23:17.:23:19.

online dubbed into Russian. It was a spoiler and

:23:20.:23:23.

broadcasters don't like those. Everything up to this point has been

:23:24.:23:28.

planned with the intention of presenting this programme,

:23:29.:23:30.

this very important finale, as a global event, as a collective

:23:31.:23:33.

community of fans coming together and very much experiencing it

:23:34.:23:38.

for the first time and this has put The Russian version

:23:39.:23:41.

was widely shared online. The mystery - worthy

:23:42.:23:48.

of an old-fashioned Sherlock Holmes story -

:23:49.:23:50.

who leaked it and why? One theory, the episode was put

:23:51.:23:55.

online to damage the BBC, which the Kremlin doesn't much

:23:56.:23:59.

like at present because the Beeb is increasing its radio

:24:00.:24:02.

broadcasts to Russia. Another theory, it's just somebody

:24:03.:24:05.

trying to make money out Experts say film and television

:24:06.:24:07.

piracy is widespread in Russia. With Russia, it's hard to tell

:24:08.:24:15.

and today, the mystery deepened when the Russian state-owned

:24:16.:24:19.

television channel who broadcasted the series denied responsibility

:24:20.:24:21.

for the leak and claimed But who could the external

:24:22.:24:24.

third party be? No one seems to know

:24:25.:24:46.

and the conspiracy theorists A wedding is often described

:24:47.:24:49.

as the happiest day of someone's life, but, for one bridegroom

:24:50.:24:57.

in Japan, it may have turned This is newly-wed Masatsugu Kasai,

:24:58.:25:00.

who's about to undergo a traditional ceremony

:25:01.:25:05.

known as bridegroom-throwing. His wife, Kiyomi, was waiting

:25:06.:25:10.

for him at the bottom, as he was quite literally

:25:11.:25:16.

launched into marriage. The practice is meant to bring

:25:17.:25:19.

the couple a lifetime of luck. Presumably, once they'd got back

:25:20.:25:22.

into some warm, dry clothes. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel

:25:23.:25:37.

says European unity is the best events following controversial

:25:38.:25:48.

comments made by Donald Trump. The President-elect has praised the UK's

:25:49.:25:50.

decision to leave the EU. Francois Hollande has just replied saying the

:25:51.:25:53.

EU has no need for outside advice in its affairs. That's the French

:25:54.:25:57.

President in the last few minutes. Thanks very much for watching.

:25:58.:25:59.

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