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Hello and welcome, this is BBC World News Today
The German Chancellor says European unity is the best response
to outspoken comments made by Donald Trump.
In a newspaper interview, the US President-elect
called Nato obsolete, and said he expected more countries
Countries want their own identity. And the UK wanted its own identity.
The inquest opens into the Tunisian terror attack, when 38 tourists
And hitting back at fake news, Facebook introduces new tools
in Germany to highlight stories which seem to be false.
The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has said that
European unity is the best response to outspoken comments
by Donald Trump, which challenged some long-standing principles
In an outspoken interview with the Times and Bild newspapers,
the US President-elect didn't hold back in his criticism.
He said the German Chancellor Angela Merkel had made a "catastrophic
mistake" by admitting more than a million migrants.
He said he thought Brexit was "smart" and "others will leave"
as the EU is basically a vehicle for Germany.
And Nato, he said, was obsolete, although he also insisted
Little wonder that there have been some terse comments
from Berlin and Brussels, as our diplomatic Correspondent
They've rehearsed the inauguration in Washington with a stand-in
for President Trump, but no one knows quite
what to expect at Friday's ceremony, still less
what will happen in the first 100 days with Donald Trump
What we do know is there will be nothing conventional about it,
because the President-elect has made that very clear.
Among his most eye-catching new quotes, Donald Trump says the EU
is on the brink of collapse, partly because Germany's leader
Angela Merkel made one very catastrophic mistake with
I think it's not good, I think it was a big
Germany's Chancellor was diplomatically
TRANSLATION: The fight against terrorism is a great
We see this as a pan-European and a global task.
I would separate this from the task of helping refugees.
The majority of refugees have left Syria because of their
Donald Trump also warned Germany its car companies would have
Start building them in the US, he said, not in Germany,
and certainly not in Mexico, or face a 35% tax.
So what about the most complicated Trump relationship of all,
Mr Trump will explore making "good deals" with Russia.
As part of that, nuclear weapons on both sides should be
It's true both the United States and Russia have more than enough
missiles and warheads to destroy each other and Mr Trump hinted
a nuclear negotiation might involve offering Mr Putin the easing
But Mr Trump was also highly critical of Vladimir Putin's
intervention in Syria, calling it "a very rough thing."
The bombardment of Aleppo, he said, was nasty, with troops,
in his words "shooting old ladies walking out of town."
So, how to reconcile all that with the President-elect on Nato,
"Nato is obsolete," he keeps repeating.
So, what could that mean for America's new deployment
of heavy armour to Poland to deter any future Russian threat?
TRANSLATION: At Nato, remarks made by President-elect Trump
As world leaders gather in the Swiss Alps for their annual
Davos forum, many will be perplexed, even alarmed, not knowing what sort
With me is our diplomatic and defence correspondent
What was the most striking line out of this interview? Was it that the
President-elect thinks Nato is obsolete? It is a contradiction,
everything he says. He does saying Nato was obsolete. But, then, he
goes onto say that it is very for him. He says the European Union is
simply a vehicle for Germany and is essentially in part setup just a
rival the United States economically. When asked about US
security guarantees to Europe, he says, I feel very strongly towards
Europe. It's those kinds of contradictions. One strange lead
others haven't picked up but I think when he was asked about this
question of moving the US Embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv in Israel,
that's something he appears throughout his campaign to have
insisted he's going to do. He refused to actually talk about that
any further. Maybe some sign of a softening on his position.
Essentially this man was a very unconventional candidate. It's going
to be a very unconventional president. And I think people are
gradually realising that perhaps he isn't going to change and they going
to have to get used to that. What you make of the German response?
Angela Merkel said he had great respect for her. He also said that
she made a catastrophic mistake. Her response was that we Europeans have
fate in our hands. That's what she said. Hers were the most diplomatic
responses to it. Others were far more critical. The problem is that
in many areas, the Europeans cannot stand on their own. The continent is
obsessed now with Brexit and the problems of Britain's withdrawal
from you. You have crucial elections in other countries, the Netherlands,
in France the presidential elections which similarly could put a spoke in
the works of the European project in various ways. As we saw there, in
James' film report, the US tanks arriving in Europe, fundamentally
whatever the European nations do in defence, and they do a lot but not
enough, it is ultimately American security and American forces that
guarantee Nato's defences. Whilst Europe can talk tough, it is beset
by problems. It is the set with difficulties on trying to elaborate
a wider foreign policy at a time when so many countries are looking
inward to the problems of the EU itself. It isn't sufficient for the
German chancellor to say that Europe will make its own destiny. You talk
about contradictions, Donald Trump is known for contradicting himself
repeatedly. At what point do people like Angela Merkel expect his point
of view to crystallise? The German foreign secretary said he'd even
contradicted himself on native. The fact contradicts key officeholders
in his upcoming Cabinet is, I suppose, not surprising. A lot of
the test will be when this government gets going, when we
actually see the US Secretary of State out and about, expressing US
policy, the policy of the Trump administration. Are we going to hear
a cacophony of voices with Mr Trump second guessing them? A lack of
clarity and so on? If that is the case, it will be very serious
indeed. We have already seen one of the best and most positive responses
to Mr Trump's comments today in this interview on Nato, which of course
came from the Russians. They picked up his view that Nato is obsolete.
They've been saying that since the end of the Cold War. So he has a
receptive audience in some places but he has to convince America's
allies and the West and the Middle East that he has their backs and
that there will be a single, clear and coherent policy coming out of
Washington. On the evidence so far, that will be a tall order. Thank
you. In that interview, Donald Trump
also said that Britain was "smart" to leave the EU,
and he thought other It comes ahead of a major speech
on Brexit on Tuesday by the British Prime
Minister Theresa May. Our political correspondent
Vicki Young is in Central London. How much of a boost have Donald
Trump's words about a traitor with the UK coming soon have been for the
Brexiteers? Well it has been welcomed by Downing Street as
Theresa May prepares to make this speech, as the UK looks about its
future. She's going to talk about the need to make global trade deals,
how she wants Britain to be outward looking, which helps make the
argument that Britain is open for business, despite the Brexit vote.
Similar kinds of problems will be foremost in their minds. First of
all, Donald Trump, he is unpredictable and will he follow
through with the words he wants this very quick trade deal? Some
suggesting that he could want it in three months. Some suggest he will
want America's interest that hard. Can we really get a good deal out of
America? The other problem is a quick trade deal, it's all very well
to say that but these things in the past have taken the years. And then
there's the problem that under EU rules Britain isn't allowed to sign
of any trade deals until we've left the European Union, and that could
be two years away. Downing Street saying we would abide by our
obligations whilst were in the EU although they did suggest they could
be scoping exercises and I certainly know there are discussions going on
with countries like New Zealand and Australia. So, in formal talks. But
I don't think they think this is signed and sealed you.
18 months ago, 30 British holiday-makers died
Now an inquest into their deaths has been told that some of the victims
might still be alive, if local security forces
The inquest heard that Tunisian officers had "deliberately delayed"
For them, the inquests matter so much.
After the anguish and grief of the past 18 months,
As the hearing began, the names of those who died were read out,
30 British tourists, murdered on holiday.
They included three generations of one family, married
The inquest heard they had needlessly lost their lives.
Mobile phone footage shows the chaos and confusion during the attacks.
The families watched it in court, listening to the sound of gunfire
The gunman was Seifeddine Rezgui, a 23-year-old who was eventually
But he'd been intent on killing tourists.
The inquest also watched CCTV footage from around
The lone gunman on the beach, armed with an automatic
And also roaming around inside the hotel, looking
A British police team put together this map of his movements.
The red arrow indicates where he started shooting,
near the sun loungers, before moving to the terrorists
and outdoor pool area, and then into the hotel.
There were no clear signs of any police or security
Samantha Leek QC, counsel to the inquest,
referred to a statement from a Tunisian witness.
These inquests can't lay blame but they can offer guidance.
The families here just want to know how their loved ones came to die
A gunman has killed five people at a club hosting an electronic
music festival in the Mexican resort of Playa del Carmen,
Among those killed are two Canadians, an Italian
Elections will take place in Northern Ireland
in March after the collapse of the power sharing executive.
It follows the resignation of Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness,
in protest at the handling of controversial energy scheme.
The Russian performance artist known for protest acts
like nailing his scrotum to the cobblestones of Red Square
says he's fled the country and plans to seek asylum in France.
Pyotr Pavlensky said he and his partner were questioned
Upon their release, pending an investigation,
Mr Pavlensky says they were being framed by the Russian authorities.
A Turkish cargo plane has crashed into a residential area close
Local authorities say at least 37 people have been killed.
The Boeing 737 was en route from Hong Kong.
Abduljalil Abdurasulov sent this report.
The plane crashed and hit the buildings of the village,
TRANSLATION: I heard a strong shot, and after that,
Of course, everyone got frightened and started to run out
Nobody understood what was going on because there was a fog.
Rescue workers arrived at the scene to help survivors.
There are children among the injured.
And doctors fear she may lose her baby.
This accident shocked many in Kyrgyzstan.
Grief and sorrow were in the eyes of the emergency workers
as they pulled out dead bodies from the rubble.
No one from the crew survived the crash.
The plane was operated by a Turkish company, ACT Airlines,
which flew under the name of My Cargo Airlines.
Although it was a foggy day, authorities say that conditions
for landing were good, since other flights managed
to successfully land prior to the crash.
A special committee has been set up to investigate the accident.
Facebook is introducing new tools in Germany to help combat the spread
The world's largest social network said it would enable users to flag
up stories which appear to be fabricated.
The BBC is also assembling a permanent team to fact check
and debunk deliberately misleading stories.
With me is our media editor, Amol Rajan.
First of all, what has brought Facebook to the point it feels it
needs to do this? Fake news is nothing new but we had in the
electoral campaign last year, we had some stories which went viral which
turned out not to be true. Those that claim the Pope back Donald
Trump. Those that claim Denzel Washington backed Donald Trump.
There is no evidence to suggest those claims were decisive in making
sure Trump was elected but they may have been a factor and they were
read by millions. The point is that new digital technologies, like
social media, Facebook, Twitter etc, have created the potential for false
information to go viral, to reach millions of people very fast. Mark
Zuckerberg initially said it is a crazy idea, there's no way Facebook
can influence the election but now he realises there is a lot of fake
news around and he's taking action not only in America but in Germany,
too. Essentially, what goes on Facebook is going to need some
editing but how will this be done? Facebook has also been resistant to
being the arbiters of truth. And, actually, now they've accepted some
responsibility for the fact they need to do that, they need to make
editorial judgments. What they going to do is in Germany, with elections
forthcoming, there is going to be an alarm button. If people are looking
at something and people think it is dodgy, Facebook will employ
independent fact checkers, and if they find this stuff is unverified
or false, there will be a mark that says this information is disputed,
here's an explanation. It will not get rid of that content from the
social network, but it is a way of flagging stuff that is suspicious.
The words fake news are still bringing in the air after last
week's press conference by Donald Trump but what our media
organisations doing, like the BBC? All media organisations feel that
what Donald Trump said last week, when he looked at CNN and said, you
have fake news, it is an attack on mainstream organisations. And
organisations like the BBC are saying we believe there is a thing
such as true news and it is our job to find out the truth and to be the
people that stand up for it. We have had a reality check service, and
last week the BBC announced a couple of things. A partnership with
Facebook to help fact checking on more of the stuff on Facebook. And
an attempt to make fact checking a bigger part of news stories that
appear online. It's fair to say the BBC sees itself as being in the
front line in the fight against fake news, whatever may be. Thank you
very much. Let's return to the big
international event of the week, Friday's inauguration of Donald
Trump. The new President will take power,
despite taking fewer votes than his rival,
because of victories Our correspondent John Kay has been
to find out just why people there are so keen
on their new leader. Milwaukee, known for its harsh
winters, for making cheese and beer, and now for its role in America's
fragile new politics. This is no place for fragile -
junior ice hockey. This is the Green
Bay Junior Gamblers. He likes Donald Trump
because he's different, It just goes back to an alternative
that's outside of the box, He's a billionaire,
though, isn't he? He's a TV star, he's
not exactly every man. No, he certainly is not,
but I think there's something to be said for him being able to relate
to, you know, a plumber, The State of Wisconsin switched
sides in this election. The large white working-class
electorate normally votes Democrat, They like giving new things a try
here, even if it's risky. Your gloves and nearly as big
as my hands, aren't they? After nine redundancy
threats in six years, he says it's time for a businessman
in the Oval Office. It'll be nice to have a little bit
more stability in the job front. I'm hoping, from an economic
stand-point, that Trump reflects giving that stability back
to the country. Some of America's top ice athletes
practice on this rink. I understand you like to do this
thing, but you're not stopping to do that,
you're not doing that Nancy was an Olympian
and is now a coach. She told me Donald Trump
can bring a winner's Trump makes a decision,
he gets it done. Do you have any reservations
about his personality, I mean, the things he's said
about women, for example? Yeah, I think everybody
who is behind him has some reservations, because they really
do not know the truth behind that and they are just hoping
at this point in his life, Wisconsin may have voted Trump,
but only by 1% and some here are still struggling
with the result. This is one of the most
important jobs in the world, and I'm not certain that he's
prepared for it. Hockey mum Liela is willing to give
the new president a chance, even though, as a Muslim,
she is worried by some I think we have to just wait
and see what happens. You sound to me like maybe
you're a little nervous? We heard that a lot here,
a desire to unite, but an acceptance It's a case that might have baffled
Sherlock Holmes himself. Who leaked a copy of the final
episode of the BBC's The fact that it was dubbed
into Russian is a major clue. But was it criminal
piracy, done for money? Calmly, Sherlock, or I
will finish right now. The last episode of Sherlock,
eagerly awaited by millions, but on Saturday, a copy was leaked
online dubbed into Russian. It was a spoiler and
broadcasters don't like those. Everything up to this point has been
planned with the intention of presenting this programme,
this very important finale, as a global event, as a collective
community of fans coming together and very much experiencing it
for the first time and this has put The Russian version
was widely shared online. The mystery - worthy
of an old-fashioned Sherlock Holmes story -
who leaked it and why? One theory, the episode was put
online to damage the BBC, which the Kremlin doesn't much
like at present because the Beeb is increasing its radio
broadcasts to Russia. Another theory, it's just somebody
trying to make money out Experts say film and television
piracy is widespread in Russia. With Russia, it's hard to tell
and today, the mystery deepened when the Russian state-owned
television channel who broadcasted the series denied responsibility
for the leak and claimed But who could the external
third party be? No one seems to know
and the conspiracy theorists A wedding is often described
as the happiest day of someone's life, but, for one bridegroom
in Japan, it may have turned This is newly-wed Masatsugu Kasai,
who's about to undergo a traditional ceremony
known as bridegroom-throwing. His wife, Kiyomi, was waiting
for him at the bottom, as he was quite literally
launched into marriage. The practice is meant to bring
the couple a lifetime of luck. Presumably, once they'd got back
into some warm, dry clothes. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel
says European unity is the best events following controversial
comments made by Donald Trump. The President-elect has praised the UK's
decision to leave the EU. Francois Hollande has just replied saying the
EU has no need for outside advice in its affairs. That's the French
President in the last few minutes. Thanks very much for watching.