20/01/2017 World News Today


20/01/2017

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I'm Philippa Thomas here with the BBC special programme as Donald

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Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. He has now taken

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part in the official parade after taking the oath of office. He is now

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beginning his journey from Capitol Hill to the White House which has

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been vacating by the Obama family. It will be Donald Trump and his new

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first Lady Melania Trump taking residence. Cheering crowds there

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along Pennsylvania Avenue. They might even go past the new Trump

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Hotel. You can see the Capitol Building behind that picture. It was

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on the steps of that building that Donald Trump took the oath and

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delivered his speech. We will bring you his speech later in the hour but

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he was speaking about transferring power from Washington, DC to bring

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it back to the people. We can join Laura Trevelyan among the crowd.

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Can you give is an idea of what it is like out there. I am joined by a

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loyal Donald Trump supporter from Alabama. It's the best day of my

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life. I campaigned for him in Alabama. I did not think this day

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was going to come. We were so surprised. Why were you so

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surprised. We thought that the Democrats... We were doubtful. What

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is your hope for the presidency? We want to get America back. We felt

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like it was going in the wrong direction under Obama. What did you

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think specifically was going wrong that you think Donald Trump can

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stop? He is a businessman and he is going to do what he has campaigned

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to do. The speech today was very hopeful. In Alabama, what are you

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seeing? A state suffering from not having too many jobs? Yes, we are.

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We are seeing people not having jobs. Our neighbours not having

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jobs. He really campaigned a lot in Alabama. The right behind us, we can

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see the parade is making its way towards us. What does it mean to you

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to witness this? To see it here is overwhelming. The crowd here are so

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happy. It's almost like a religious experience. The people here are

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overjoyed. There's really not that many people who are against him. I

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know there was going to be a lot of people here against him but there's

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not really been that many people here who have been doing bad things

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that I've been able to see. There are some protesters here. How'd you

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hope that Donald Trump can unite the country after a bruising election

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campaign? He seems like he really has the attitude of being able to do

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what he says he's going to do. That is the spirit. I think the speech he

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gave today was so uplifting. I know the crowd there was just really

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excited. That's what I feel. The spirit was overwhelming. Everybody

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around kept talking about how excited they were. He did paint

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quite a bleak vision of America. He spoke about stopping the carnage.

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It's been a bleak picture. Everybody has been really sad about our

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country and the flag and the soldiers. A lot of soldiers have

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been sad about it. I heard some soldiers that were around us. They

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were very excited to have a president that supported them. They

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did not feel like Obama supported them.

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What about the people who are fearful about what will happen? Do

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you feel for them? I think so. We want to support both sides. You

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know. We definitely want to support both sides. I want to support both

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parties but I don't want anybody to be hurt. So... We want everybody to

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unite. And how will you personally judge whether Donald Trump has

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succeeded? I think the biggest thing is bringing the jobs back. And the

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economy. Phyllis, thank you so much for joining us on BBC News. That is

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the view from a loyal Donald Trump supporter. Just as we see the

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inaugural parade begins to come here down Pennsylvania Avenue, as

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President Trump processes from Capitol Building to his new home,

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the White House. We will of course keep watching, especially for that

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moment when the crowds hope the car will stop and Donald and Melania

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Trump will get out and walk a little down Pennsylvania Avenue which is

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really part of the big tradition. It absolutely is. We'll Donald Trump

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get out and walk past his hotel which is just behind me? The big

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building with the clock tower. Will the showman in him be able to

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resist. Or will he wait as presidents normally do. They

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normally just walk that final block or two which is passed me, heading

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towards the White House. It's fascinating to see the change of

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tone with this parade. There's much more of an emphasis with links to

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the military. Donald Trump has spoken about rebuilding the

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military. There are many more groups from rural America in this parade.

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Under Barack Obama, there were many more marching bands from the cities,

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less of an emphasis on the military. You can see one of the marching

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bands there. That is the United States Army band. So, the crowd here

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just loving this. This is the kind of symbolic patriotism that they

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associate with Donald Trump. They are thrilled to see it. They can't

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wait to see the president himself. I know we were both in Washington for

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the Obama inauguration is. It was absolutely packed, especially on

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them more. -- the Mall. The crowd is not so

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densely packed today. No, the crowds not anything like that Obama

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inauguration in 2009. Being an the Mall for the inauguration in 2013,

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the crowds seem to be a bit thinner than they were. Certainly, one of

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the parade stands next to as wasn't full early on and we were told it

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would be opened up to mems of the public. It wasn't a ticketed event.

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This was such a brutal and divisive campaign and the opinion polls

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suggesting that Donald Trump comes in with a very low approval rating.

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There are a number of protesters here. Nevertheless, for those loyal

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fans that it is a very special moment indeed. Laura, stay with us.

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I know you can't go anywhere. Tell as if Mr Trump publicises his hotel

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on Pennsylvania Avenue. You're a professor of Politics

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at Birkbeck University, and just this summer you published

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a book - it's called After Obama. From the inaugural speech that you

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heard, what time does it set for you for American leadership? Really,

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really worrying. It's very difficult to think in living memory that we've

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seen such a stridently nationalist, parochial, insular and threatening,

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frankly, speech, as far as the rest of the world is concerned. He's

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really double down on his campaign rhetoric and anybody who thought he

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wasn't serious, I think, this is a message, he was serious and the rest

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of the world better brace themselves. We heard a young woman

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from Alabama talking of it like a religious experience. He's going to

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bring jobs back. Absolutely. It was striking, the poses he struck, it

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was like a rugby captain at Twickenham rather than a solemn

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moment of an American president taking power. He has doubled down.

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He even spoke saying protection brings prosperity. That is not what

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the historical record suggests at all. For his supposed to as --

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supporters this is a huge moment, religious or not, for the rest of as

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this is deeply, deeply troubling. Let's bring in Laura again. We are

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looking at pictures of crowds, with banners saying make America to gain

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-- make America great again. We should say that there have been

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protests. Lots of people anguished and angry at what has taken place.

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Absolutely. There is a divided America here. There are protesters

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who feel that this election was stolen from them that Hillary

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Clinton won the popular vote and that somehow the Russians have

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intervened in this election and that had an incalculable effect.

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Tomorrow, there will be a big protest here in Washington, a

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women's march and marches in major cities across America. For many who

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have come here, this is a special moment. Elisabeth, welcome to the

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BBC. What does it mean to you to be here today? It's the most exciting

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event I've been to in my whole life. It's a turning point for this

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country and it was really important for me to come today. I did

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everything in my power to help him get elected. I did everything in my

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power. Where did you campaign for Donald Trump? I did a lot of

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blogging for him, phone calling, cold calling. What are you hoping

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that America can be changed by Donald Trump? It's important to

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unite right now. With a very tough election, we need a healing process

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and he's trying to unite this country. He didn't sound very

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unifying note in his inaugural address. What did you think he did?

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I believe he did. I think he did a really good job. You felt his

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showing. You felt his love. I think that is going to do a whole lot of

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good. When you talk about the need for him to unite the country, we can

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see there are protesters here behind us. What do you want Donald Trump to

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attribute to unite the country? Reach out to the Democrats and to

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the people that are protesting. I think it might take time but they'll

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see his compassion for this country. He has a big compassion. It's Compal

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into the point he won. Donald Trump has got out of his car so he is

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walking down Pennsylvania Avenue behind us. What kind of moment is

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that for you? To know that the 45th president of the United States is

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right here now. This is such a huge deal. It is the first elected

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president of the United States that has won an election and he has not

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held office. He is a citizen like me, like you. He was just weary of

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whatever do direction this country... He decided to run and he

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was elected. It just amazes me. It is an extraordinary story. Elizabeth

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who campaign for Donald Trump. Thank you for joining us. One of many

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loyal Donald Trump supporters who are thrilled to learn that he is an

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Pennsylvania Avenue behind us and has got out of his car and is

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welcoming the crowds. As we look at this picture of Donald and Melania

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Trump greeting the crowds walking down the avenue. He looks like he

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owns the world. He said, he's a citizen like me and you. She was

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pleased he hadn't held elected office and could appear to her like

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one of the people. Completely thrilled, Philippa. That's

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absolutely something I heard over and over again across this campaign

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and across this nation. Because Congress has been so deadlocked for

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the last eight years Obama was in the White House. Initially, the

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Democrats had control and then they didn't and the two sides were

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against each other. Donald Trump's successful appeal is that he is a

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successful businessman, someone who hasn't had a political career,

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someone who gets things done, as he likes to say, on time and under

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budget. That's his mantra. His critics would say that he has gone

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bankrupt, writing off big debts, in a sense, that has been so powerful

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that people have responded to him and when he says I will bring back

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jobs, people in the rust belt where manufacturing jobs have gone feel

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like this is someone who knows what he is talking about. He's a

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businessman, an employer, he knows how to create jobs. He's talking

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about cutting regulation. Even those who had reservations about his and

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his experience, it was that simple economic message of, I will bring

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back your job and I will protect your job from those countries that

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want to undermine it, that was so powerful. That's what people

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responded to, Philippa. Laura, thank you. As Donald Trump gets back into

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the car, after their short walk. It was Donald and Melania Trump and

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their young son Barron Trump. Very difficult for a young boy to know

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what to do in the middle of the crowd. I saw Melania Trump put her

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arms around him to usher him back into the car. I want to ask Robert

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Singh from Birkbeck University, we heard from another support of their

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talking about this is going to be a healing president, he can unite is,

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because he is one of us. Whatever you think of that, he certainly

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played that part really well. That's why he was swept into office? Let's

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be careful. He was swept into office. He wasn't swept into office.

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Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by 3 million. The I meant to say

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that was the essence of his appeal. He adopted a populist pose of being

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a man of the people despite being a sub -- celebrity millionaire. The

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speech was clearly targeted at his base. The rhetoric and symbolism is

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all about the people. Ordinary folks, I am your voice. Against this

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establishment. This is just carrying on. In which case, it is in his

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interest to say and his supporters believe it to be true that factories

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are scattered like tombstones across America, families trapped in

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poverty, crime, American carnage. His vocabulary, trapped, bleeding,

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desperate, there's chaos with Obama sitting behind him. Yes. It was

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really embarrassing. Far more embarrassing than eight years ago

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when Obama was talking about no conflict between our values and

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security when George W Bush was sitting behind him. This was a

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condemnation of 30 or 40 years of the United States, including other

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Republican presidents. The two bushes, Ronald Reagan. It's very

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difficult to think of such an inaugural speech that has painted

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such a dystopian speech that paints America as in crisis and decline and

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only he can save it. We've never seen anything as demagogic as this

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from an incoming president before. We'll talk about the facts behind

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that. The real economy in America. I just want to remind people that, of

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course, this is a historic day, there have been many historic

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moments, we want to show you one of those. The moment that Donald Trump

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took the oath of office. I Donald John Tromp solemnly swear that I

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will faithfully execute the office of president of the United States

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and will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the

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Constitution of the United States. So help me God. Congratulations, Mr

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President. Let's talk about how Donald Trump might affect the rest

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of the world because America first foreign policy is the new heading on

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the White House website as of a few hours ago with pledges to rebuild

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the American military and destroy Islamic terror groups. The German

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vice Chancellor said in a television interview...

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The president of Taiwan, Richard at Mr Trump.

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Couple of different reactions. To discuss foreign policy and the

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impact across the world, we can talk to our correspondent in Mexico City

:20:56.:21:01.

will grant and Steve Rosenberg in Moscow. He promised to build a wall

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and make Mexico pay for it. Do people think this will happen?

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People here are furious that the suggestion that they would have to

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pay for a wall that they don't want that is designed to keep them out

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and stop their families living together, people being able to work

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in the United States, this whole foreign policy, that you mention,

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America first. If it's going to affect anywhere it will be Mexico

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first and foremost. The lines," from here on in, it will be higher

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American and buy American". That's going to affect Mexicans. If you

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export to the United States, it's going to affect you if you are

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working in a car plant for a US car firm based here in Mexico. A lot of

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people are very frightened about what this will mean to individual

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families. I went to San Luis Potosi which has

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been affected by Ford pulling out of a ?1.3 billion investment in a car

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assembly plant. People are genuinely frightened about what will be

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coming. President Trump made it clearer that he will be focusing on

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American jobs at the cost, if need be with his relationship with

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Mexico. The inaugural speech was largely domestic. We know that

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Donald Trump as a more positive outlook towards Russia. Is this

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where we get the Russian reset? I think it's possible. There's been a

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very positive reaction here in Russia to Donald Trump's speech. Two

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senior Russian senators, head of the Foreign Affairs Committee in the

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upper house, he said that the speech was impressive, not a bad start,

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room for discussion. And we heard from another senator who said it was

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powerful, a speech of a new age. I think it is a positive reaction

:23:16.:23:17.

because there was a lot in that speech that would have been music to

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Moscow's is. For example, Donald Trump's pledge that the US wouldn't

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impose its lifestyle on anyone else. A pledge to defend its own borders

:23:32.:23:38.

not anywhere else. In other words, his message was that America should

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focus now on America. That is what Russia has been saying for a long

:23:44.:23:49.

time. The Russians have been criticising US administrations for

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interfering, or meddling as they put it, in other parts of the world,

:23:53.:23:59.

including in Russia's backyard, an area that Moscow considers to be its

:24:00.:24:04.

sphere of influence, countries like Georgia and Ukraine. I think it's

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highly likely that if Donald Trump is determined to focus on America,

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the Russians will see it as an opportunity to increase their

:24:13.:24:17.

influence in this post-Soviet space. Thank you. I want to come back to

:24:18.:24:24.

you to talk about immigration. Donald Trump Mayfield a need to live

:24:25.:24:29.

up to his pledges to his base because there is a lot of anger at

:24:30.:24:34.

what is perceived to be for example Mexicans taking jobs. That's right.

:24:35.:24:40.

What will be happening today is that other countries are looking at

:24:41.:24:44.

what's happening with Mexico and using that as a litmus test for

:24:45.:24:49.

themselves. The discussion of the war affects all of the countries in

:24:50.:24:53.

Central America, particularly Honduras and El Salvador. The vast

:24:54.:24:57.

majority of Central American migrants from those countries. We

:24:58.:25:02.

wonder what will happen with the thaw with Cuba that was a key part

:25:03.:25:08.

of President Obama's legacy. We'll Donald Trump try to unpick that and

:25:09.:25:13.

change further the rules of engagement with Cuba? Questions of

:25:14.:25:21.

engagement with Colombia which is an important regional ally. Plenty to

:25:22.:25:24.

be picked in terms of trade but, as you say, particularly in terms of

:25:25.:25:31.

immigration. So many Latin Americans have family existing already in the

:25:32.:25:36.

United States and they see, particularly in Mexico, a seasonal

:25:37.:25:40.

movement of working in the United States but coming back to Mexico to

:25:41.:25:43.

use those dollars to prop up their families back here. Thank you very

:25:44.:25:49.

much. Much more in just a minute's time. Do stay with us.

:25:50.:26:05.

Good evening. Temperatures are already falling but it has been a

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smashing day for many. This was sent in by Alan from a little town in the

:26:15.:26:19.

foothills of

:26:20.:26:20.

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