27/01/2017 World News Today


27/01/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Theresa May becomes the first overseas leader to hold face-to-face

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PC leaders appear to be in step on major issues, including Nato and the

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deep bond between our countries. A free and independent Britain is a

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blessing to the world and relationship has never been

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stronger. We are united in our recognition of Nato as the Bill work

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of defence and today we have reaffirmed our unshakeable

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commitment to this alliance. Detox also focused on trade and relations

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with Russia. We will have all the details.

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At the end of his first week as US president, Donald Trump has held his

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first meeting with a foreign leader, hosting the British Prime Minister

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Theresa May at the White House. The two talked for around an hour before

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emerging to take questions from journalists, covering terrorism,

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trade, Nato and Mexico. Theresa May was greeted by Donald Trump as she

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arrived at the White House. The president then gave the Prime

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Minister a tour of the White House. At one stage, Mr Trump took her hand

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as they walked. Theresa May confirmed that the president has

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accepted an invitation from the Queen free State visit to the UK

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later this year. Their joint news conference was a chance for

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journalists talk about wives been described both sides of the Atlantic

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as a special relationship. The BBC's political editor was among the

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journalists to ask a question. Prime Minister, you've talked

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about where you agree, but you've also said you would be

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frank where you disagree Can you tell us where in our talks

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you did disagree, and do you think the president listened

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to what you have to say? You have said before

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that torture works. You have said you want to ban some

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Muslims from coming to America. You have suggested there should be

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punishment for abortion. For many people in Britain,

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those sound like alarming beliefs. What do you say to our viewers

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at home who are worried about some of your views and worried

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about you becoming the leader On the issue you raised with me,

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Laura, can I confirm that I have been listening to the president

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and the president has That is the point of

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having a conversation. We have been discussing

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a number of topics. We will carry on meeting

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after this press conference There will be issues

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on which we disagree. The point of the special

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relationship is that we are able to have that open and frank

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discussion so that we can make that But I am clear also

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that there are many issues on which the United Kingdom

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and the United States stand alongside one another,

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many issues on which we agree. As I said in my speech,

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I think we are at a moment when we can build an even stronger

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special relationship which will be in the interests not just of the UK

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and the United States, but in the interests

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of the wider world as well. We have a great general who has just

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been appointed secretary of defence, He has stated publicly that he does

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not necessarily believe in torture, or waterboarding or however

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you want to define it, enhanced interrogation, I guess,

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would be the words a lot of people I don't necessarily agree,

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but I would tell you that he will override because I am

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giving him that power. He is the generals' general,

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got through the Senate very quickly, which in this country is not

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easy, I will tell you. I have been open about that

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for a long period of time, but I am going with our leaders

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and we are going to Some of what happened just a short

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time ago. Our correspondent is at the White House for us. Just on a

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couple of specifics on the question of torture. Very interesting there.

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He seems to be ceding authority over this to the person who's going to

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take charge. Is that a surprise? Well, he has been very much

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supportive of the general who is the secretary of defence. He has always

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spoken very positively about him and the general has made it pity clear

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that he thinks torture or enhancement derogation techniques

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are not the way to go. But as you heard there, Mr Trump still believes

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it could work, but he will defer to the general. I have to say, I think

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that will be a great relief to people here, as well as to people in

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the UK that he is taking the journal so seriously, because the secretary

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of defence is seen as a safe pair of hands, somebody very experienced who

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has a lot of experience in terms of relationships with other armies and

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other defence departments. Not only on the issue of torture, which was

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important that Theresa May said something like that, given the

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criticism of comments back home, but also in terms of the general

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conversation he will have with the secretary of defence. To be talking

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to Russian, German and French leaders tomorrow by only told. His

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tone on Russia seemed a little different from what we have heard in

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the past. Hugh was noncommittal. He said he wanted to have a good

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relationship with valid Amir Putin. He put that into the context of

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other countries. He said, I hope the get along. He said that sometimes he

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thinks we will get along very well with somebody and when I meet them,

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I don't make them at all and sometimes it is the verse. He was

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also noncommittal about sanctions on Russia over Ukraine. You was asked

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about reports circulating that he might sign the report lifting the

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sanctions and he said it was very early to talk about that. He said he

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might consider it, which is something that Theresa May will have

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taken a tough, because Britain's position is that sanctions should

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only be lifted when Russia needs his obligations in terms of the conflict

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in Ukraine. What was the reaction to seeing the spread of images together

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in this press conference? Have conferred legitimacy on each other?

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They are both very new readers. -- leaders. The press conference went

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there as far as can be expected from that point of view. There was a lot

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of speculation about possibly awkward moments, but Mr Trump and

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his reputation for being unpredictable and erratic. He might

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embarrass her or say something and statesman-like. Was his first news

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conference and visit with a foreign leader and it turns out that they

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both seemed to handle it pretty well. He made a concerted effort to

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rein in some of those instincts, to present himself in a more

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professional way. It wasn't Bill Clinton and Tony Blair in terms of

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US and British leaders having a conversation. They seem to hold

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their own and that will have been noticed. Look I guess, he held her

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hand. One of the major points that came out of this of course is Nato,

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something that has been worrying many countries. Donald Trump has

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previously questioned the role of the US in this organisation. Theresa

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May seem to make it clear that she is confident of their commitment.

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You said your 100% behind Nato, but we are also discussing the

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importance of Nato continuing to fight terrorism and cyber warfare as

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it is to fight more conventional forms of work. I've agreed to

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continue my efforts to encourage fellow European leaders to deliver

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on defence of the bridge and is more friendly shed. It is only by

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investing properly in defence we can ensure we are properly equipped to

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face our shared challenges together. Theresa May speaking for the

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president there. The camera we had was not on his face, so I can see

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whether he was not deny shaking his head. He didn't deny wishy stated

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there. How crucial is that? Think I was pretty important. Britain and

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its partners in the two are quite worried about his statements about

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the alliance, that it is obsolete, that America might not be as

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committed to it as it had been and is over how to state in that way"

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him that he was 100% behind it, you are right, he didn't say the words

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himself, but he did not refute her. It is an important signal. He said a

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need to become more nimble in terms of more modern challenges like cyber

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warfare and making sure people pay their bills and their defence

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requirements for the alliance. Something he has stopped about a

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lot. I would also say that if he's going to defer to the general in the

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wake defer to him on the torture question, the general has been very

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clear that America is completely committed to Nato and two of the

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first three calls he made were to be head of Nato and the secretary of

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Britain where he made that point. Perhaps it will be reassuring for

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Britain. Because this is a slightly different Donald Trump that we have

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seen, do you think you will be more presidential in a way? Think he was

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making an effort to come across as more statesman-like, yes. The new US

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president at his inauguration spoke just one week ago of putting America

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first. Theresa May looking at Brexit, getting a good trade with

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the US is a priority. Trade between our countries is

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already worth ?150 billion a year. The US is the single biggest source

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of the inward investment to the UK and together,

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we have around $1 trillion invested The UK-US defence relationship

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is the broadest, deepest and most advanced of any two countries

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sharing military The president and I are ambitious

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to build on this relationship in order to grow our respective

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economies, provide the high-skilled, high-paid jobs

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of the future for working people Are North American business

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correspondent has been looking at the reaction to this. She is in New

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York for us. We didn't get a huge amount of detail from either the

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Prime Minister or the president. What has the reaction been? The kind

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of line which used there is what people want here. -- language. The

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UK still has to deal with Brexit, they have to disentangle themselves

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from that. No real concrete action can be taken. The fact that we heard

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Theresa May said the groundwork has started, is encouraging. You had

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that same positive language coming from President Trump as well,

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reiterating how important have a partner that the UK is and how

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important they are in terms of establishing bilateral trade

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agreements. Not like is in the conflict in the US position and

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President Trump has taken a very protectionist line? Theresa May

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needs a fast deal politically here. There is going to be very difficult,

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because traders are notoriously complex. In some ways, it does work

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in the way that President Trump has been talking about. He's very

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against these big, multi-country trade deals. Things they'd TPP which

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involve a dozen companiess countries, which is an agreement

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with Canada, the United States and Mexico. What he wants to put forward

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our bilateral trade deals. Trade deals with one individual country.

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He believes that is a better way for the United States to get a trade

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deal that is more beneficial with them, because really that is what

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Donald Trump has set with these trade agreements, the United States

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has not been able to get a very fair deal in his opinion. They have now

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parted ways, but the US president has continued with my engagements

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today. A short while ago, he arrived at the Pentagon, where he is

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introducing his new secretary of defence, here we have been hearing

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quite a lot about. The commander-in-chief police

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interrogation techniques like water boarding can be effective. He has

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said that he will allow the general to overwrite that view. That has

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been a big change, because has been a big political row over his

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statements on torture. Much more ahead on BBC world News. We will go

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to Pennsylvania, with the tradition of welcoming refugees, to see what

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the impact of his Executive order will be. The shuttle exploded soon

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after that tough, there were seven astronauts on board. All of them are

:15:26.:15:29.

believed to have been killed. By the evening, the heart of official Cairo

:15:30.:15:32.

was in the hands of the demonstrators. They were using the

:15:33.:15:33.

word revolution. Tonight the search for it survivors

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has an increasing desperation about it as the hours pass. The new

:15:54.:15:59.

Government is firmly in control of the Republic of Uganda. Moscow got

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his first taste of Western Ferries food as McDonald's opened the

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biggest restaurant. Hundreds of people queueing up today will not

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find a cheap, with a big Mack costing half a day 's wages for the

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average Russian. This is BBC world News today. The British by Minister

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Theresa May has become the first world leader to visit the new US

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President Donald Trump at the White House. The two leaders pay tribute

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to the special relationship between our countries and reaffirmed their

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commitment to the Nato alliance. Relations between Britain and the US

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are comparatively easy perhaps compared with those of US and

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Mexico. There could be progress there, too.

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We had a talk that lasted for about an hour this morning,

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and we are going to be working on a fair and new relationship.

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But the United States cannot continue to lose vast

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amounts of business, vast amounts of companies

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and millions and millions of people losing their jobs.

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We're no longer going to be the country that doesn't

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So we are going to renegotiate our trade deals and we're

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going to renegotiate other aspects of our relationship with Mexico.

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In the end, I think it will be good for both countries.

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There have been a number of developments since then. Talk

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through the last couple of hours if you can, because after that press

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conference, we had a statement from the Mexican Government. That is

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correct. The past 48 hours have been a blur. They don't know where to

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begin. I suppose the thing is that what stood out to me from the joint

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statement from both sides were but they have agreed to at least not

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publicly discuss the border issue, which is so controversial. At least

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that is to one side and of the two diplomatic teams can begin to find

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more common ground on these areas of trade, a cross-border migration,

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security. Some of the other key issues they need to talk about in

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which the wall has muddied the waters so much, the two men could

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not sit down and hold a summit, which was scheduled for Tuesday.

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That border tax question will carry through for many weeks and months

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and we wait and see if the White House comes up with a more concrete

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proposal. I gather you were there with a very interesting development.

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Yes, I came dashing back from that just now and it was interesting. He

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talked about Mexican unity a lot and about how he is not the Mexicans

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unified around a single class in the 1985 earthquake that left many dead.

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It's very interesting to have him compare this political and economic

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earthquake on a similar scale. In terms of Donald Trump, you could

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hear a degree of sympathy towards him. He was seen by Mexican

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conditions in the United States are very favourable at the moment, which

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echoes this line from Donald Trump and Mexico is taking advantage

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somehow the United States. Nevertheless, Mr Slim and his basic

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line was that he is there to support the Mexican people when it comes to

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the relationship of the United States. But there's anyone who

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outranks financially Donald Trump it is Carlos Slim. We'll have to leave

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it there. Let's catch up with some other newsletter. The US vice

:19:54.:20:01.

president has sold an anti-abortion rally in Washington that the tide is

:20:02.:20:08.

no turning with the president. Both houses of Congress opposed to the

:20:09.:20:14.

practice. Turkey has agreed to cancel you do with the European

:20:15.:20:16.

Union on taking back migrants who cross over to Greece. The policy

:20:17.:20:21.

decision by the Greek supreme court not to extra to date a group of

:20:22.:20:28.

Turkish soldiers who fled to Greece. More international help as arrived

:20:29.:20:32.

to help to refight the worst wildfire in modern history. Russia

:20:33.:20:36.

has sent a supertanker aircraft capable of carrying tonnes of water.

:20:37.:20:41.

One town has been destroyed by the police. Hundreds of millions of

:20:42.:20:46.

people across Asia and around the world are celebrating the start of

:20:47.:20:51.

the lunar New Year. The year of the Rooster officially began in China

:20:52.:20:55.

several hours ago the celebrations running into the evening. Fireworks,

:20:56.:20:59.

flowers, line dancing and lots of food are part of the celebrations

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for many. This extraordinary week has seen Donald Trump breaking his

:21:07.:21:10.

way to many of his campaign promises and is thought that another imminent

:21:11.:21:15.

one is a crackdown on immigration. He is expected to sign an Executive

:21:16.:21:19.

order restricting migrants from a number of countries in Africa and

:21:20.:21:23.

the Middle East, where Islamist militants have sparked violent

:21:24.:21:28.

conflict. He's also but be preparing to announce tighter limits on the

:21:29.:21:31.

number of refugees that US taken. For more insight into what it is

:21:32.:21:37.

like for it migrants in the years, we're been to Lancaster,

:21:38.:21:38.

Pennsylvania. We were initially tied to welcome

:21:39.:21:55.

refugees, because it is our heritage, that is how we started

:21:56.:22:05.

this state. Consider Lancaster to be the best place in the world.

:22:06.:22:21.

Mohammed and his wife and his four children arrived to Lancaster

:22:22.:22:30.

Pennsylvania last July. We left Syria because it was unbearable and

:22:31.:22:37.

we were not able to stay there. For long months we were not able to

:22:38.:22:41.

sleep. Not than four months, he found a job in a supporting his

:22:42.:22:47.

family and wife. A family of six can be self-sufficient within four to

:22:48.:22:49.

six months. We're really happy about that. Refugees are like any other

:22:50.:22:57.

human, looking for a better life friends and children. Education,

:22:58.:23:00.

looking for jobs, just like any other person. How does it make you

:23:01.:23:07.

feel that family, relatives, friends might not be able to come here?

:23:08.:23:10.

Disappointed. We had hoped that we would reunite

:23:11.:23:23.

again with the people that we know. Think a lot of people are nervous

:23:24.:23:45.

with the aspect of terrorism and we have to be extremely careful and

:23:46.:23:49.

that American citizens first and safety. That is the number one role

:23:50.:23:53.

of the Government. With any problem, we have to stop the bleeding. Cut

:23:54.:23:59.

off any refugees coming into this point, get a solution very quickly

:24:00.:24:02.

and reinstate refugees coming back the country. From a faith

:24:03.:24:08.

perspective, there is a moral obligation. Particularly talking

:24:09.:24:11.

about women and children, to try to bring people out of harms way.

:24:12.:24:25.

Well, there is much more on our website that the John presidency,

:24:26.:24:30.

including a look back at the events of his first week in power. Just

:24:31.:24:37.

time to bring you one last moment from his first news conference since

:24:38.:24:41.

becoming president, one journalist took advantage of the opportunity to

:24:42.:24:45.

ask him about the way his character comes over in public. Just listen to

:24:46.:24:47.

this. Have you found anything in common

:24:48.:25:07.

personally yet? We are not as brash as you might think. We're going to

:25:08.:25:12.

get along very well. I'm a people person. I think you are also, to

:25:13.:25:19.

reason. I can often tell how I'm going to get on with somebody very

:25:20.:25:22.

early and I think we're going to have a fantastic relationship.

:25:23.:25:25.

Donald Trump with Theresa May. Lots of pressure on many relationship.

:25:26.:25:30.

Let me just bring you one development on the last few minutes

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on all this. Donald Trump has been hosting his first foreign leader at

:25:35.:25:38.

the White House, Theresa May. He is due to hold talks tomorrow on

:25:39.:25:44.

Saturday, with other world leaders including Putin and speculation that

:25:45.:25:48.

he plans to recent sanctions against Marks boot Moscow. He has said that

:25:49.:25:54.

he opposes lifting any sanctions on Russia. Things are much for

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watching. Thanks for joining me. We'll give

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you a flavour of the weekends by the prospect in

:26:19.:26:19.