10/02/2017 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. The headlines. President Trump says he


is committed to bringing American and Japanese ties even closer. Mr


Trump describes the relationship as the cornerstone of peace and


stability in the region, as Shinzo Abe visits. It's important Japan and


the United States continued to invest very heavily in the alliance


to build up our defence, and our defensive capabilities. Earlier in a


phone call to the Chinese president, President Trump had a change of


heart on a key policy difference with Beijing. So, is his campaign


rhetoric colliding with reality? An imminent terror attack on French saw


has been filed with the arrest of four including a 16-year-old girl in


Montpellier. Shifting sands in Saudi Arabia. We travel to the kingdom to


see what's changing. President Trump has said he is


committed to bringing US-Japan ties even closer and that there are lines


is the cornerstone of peace and stability in the region. The two


leaders have been in talks on the White House today, and the talks


come at a slightly awkward time as Mr Trump has recently accused Japan


of currency manipulation. The conference finished a few minutes


ago and he had strong words about his commitment to the two countries


links. We are committed to the security of Japan and all areas


under its administrative control and to further strengthening our very


crucial alliance. The US-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace


and stability. In the Pacific region. It is important both Japan


and the United States continued to invest very heavily in the Alliance


to build up our defence, and our defensive capabilities which, under


our mutual leadership, will become stronger and stronger, and, as time


goes by, ultimately they will be impenetrable. Unsurprisingly, the


first question from the full from journalists was on a different


subject, and that was the tromp travel ban. The question put to him


from the New York Post. We are going to keep our country safe, we are


going to do whatever is necessary to keep our country safe. We had a


decision which we think will be very successful comic should have taken


this much time because safety is a primary reason, one of the reasons


I'm standing here today, the security of our country, the voters


felt I would give it the best security. So we will do something


rapidly. You'll be seeing that sometime next week. In addition, we


will continue to go through the court process and ultimately I have


no doubt we will win that particular case. Donald Trump speaking last few


minutes. Let's speak to Laura Trevelyan who's


in our Washington studio. Picking up on the travel ban, what


are the additional measures Mr Trump mentioned? No, that's the first


we've heard of them and he said we'd be finding out soon, perhaps next


week, so we don't know. He did say, as expected, that the administration


is going to battle this ruling by the federal appeals court. The


president tweeted last night, see you in court. We don't know the


timetable on that and exactly when the next court appearance will be.


On the actual Japanese visit, the two are about to go to Florida to


play golf and have a weekend of talks. That was a very important


commitment to Japanese security, talking about the South China Sea,


and also the Indian Ocean. Yeah. It was key and it came in Donald


Trump's opening paragraph and remember the Japanese have been very


worried about what candidate Trump had said. He appeared to question


the long-standing security alliance which the US has guaranteed Japan,


since the end of the Second World War. It is under the US nuclear


umbrella, the Japanese. They were worried that they should pay more


for their own defence and pay for some nuclear weapons but now you


have President Trump striking a very different note. He is saying we are


committed to the security of Japan, and all areas and its administrative


control. Remember, Japan administers those disputed islands in the East


China Sea. The Chinese have been making moves towards those islands


recently, which has really alarmed the Japanese, so they were very


pleased to hear from President Trump that the security guarantee extends


to those. For them, that is a big victory, for the Japanese prime


minister, Shinzo Abe. They are having a working lunch now, where


they will talk about economics and also that transpacific partnership


trade deal which the Americans don't want anything to do with now but the


Japanese worked so hard on. It looks like the mood on the golf links will


be quite good after that unswerving commitment to the security alliance.


Donald Trump saying they both had very good chemistry, and he'd let us


know whether that bond changed. Thanks very much for now.


Donald Trump has also been speaking to China's


Mr Trump said he was committed to Beijing's one China policy,


which asserts that Taiwan is a part of China.


American recognition of the policy is a cornerstone


of US-Chinese relations, but Mr Trump has


Here's our China editor Carrie Gracie in the Taiwanese


Three weeks into the Trump presidency, the phone call between


an American president and a Chinese president has finally happened. It


was becoming conspicuous by its absence over those three weeks, a


score of otherworldly did had already picked up the phone to


Donald Trump, but not President Xi. The sticking point was the future of


this place, Taiwan. This vibrant, noisy, contradictory democracy.


There's lots of people on the streets because of this lantern


festival. The problem here is the identity and the future of Taiwan


because China wants this place back. It sees it as the last piece in the


jigsaw puzzle of the Chinese nation. President Trump wants to sell more


exports to China to level up the trade balance, and he started


talking before his inauguration as if the status of Taiwan might be a


bargaining chip in that and he might veer towards acknowledging the


independence of this place. That was a no-no to President Xi and that


call wasn't going to happen until they got back clear between them. As


far as China's concerned, nothing happens until you've acknowledged


the One China policy that acknowledges that this island is a


part of China. So, President Xi got what he wanted from President Trump


and the question is did President Trump get anything in return? It


looks as if Donald Trump blinked and it is he, right now, as far as China


and Taiwan are concerned, is a paper tiger.


French police have arrested four people in the southern city


of Montpellier on suspicion of planning a terrorist attack.


They had apparently bought chemicals that can be used to make bombs,


and a makeshift laboratory was found during a search.


Naomi Grimley has been speaking about what has been found.


This latest plot saw four people arrested, three men and a


16-year-old woman. And in their possession was found acetone. That's


significant because it is a highly flammable liquid which can be used


to make the explosive TA TP, and that was exactly the kind of


explosive that was used in the November 2015 Paris attacks. And the


brothel attacks last year. So that might explain why the authorities


are particularly worried about this plot, and they do say that an


attack, a series of bombs were in preparation and an attack was


imminent. It comes at a time when France and, indeed, Paris in


particular is under high alert, a state of high alert. Emergency laws


have been in place, ever since the November attacks in 2015, and


they've been extended on a rolling basis. There is also particular


worry because security is high up the agenda as we move towards the


presidential elections. The first round of which is at the end of


April. So you can see guards on the street and, indeed, yesterday the


Eiffel Tower announced it was going to put a reinforced glass screen


around the base of it, and that's just an example of how some of these


security measures are becoming more permanent.


Now a look at some of the days other news.


Indonesian officials say 12 people including young children have been


killed in multiple landslides on the island of Bali. Several others were


injured when Holmes on a slope on the east of the island were washed


away. More heavy rain is expected to fall throughout the weekend.


A judge in Carew has ordered the arrest of the former president as


part of a growing corruption scandal. He was in office from


2001-2006 and is accused of taking $20 million in bribes in return for


allowing developers to build a highway. Some time in Australia is


hot but right now the temperature in large parts of the country is


extreme. It's prompted warnings of electricity blackouts and bushfires.


Parts of New South Wales soared to a record-breaking 47 Celsius on


Friday. The heatwave is set to continue on Sunday. Let's get more


in our top story. President Trump has described the


US-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace and stability in the


region. Shinzo Abe said strengthening their relationship


could bring many jobs. Last year, from Japan to the United


States, there have been more than $150 billion of new investment made


into the United States. And those Japanese businesses have created a


large number of jobs, and the mutually beneficial economic


relations have been built with the United States with Donald Trump


taking on the leadership, I am sure there will be investments made,


including a faster speed train. I know you are the chair of Japan


studies in Washington and what did you make of the press conference,


the body language between the two leaders, it looked quite warm, and


specifically what they said. It was quite a lengthy press conference.


Indeed. I think the chemistry was good. And one of Shinzo Abe's goals


is to improve that further and they will probably do that on the golf


course this weekend. The other thing Abe wanted to do was strengthen the


US-Japan alliance and get President Trump to reaffirm security


statements, which it did. Abe also wanted to accommodate Trump's


America first narrative. You heard him talk about Japanese investment


in the United States, and perhaps a new economic initiative. The one


area where there could be differences of course is on trade. I


thought it was interesting that President Trump spoke in bilateral


terms, referencing free, fair and reciprocal trade, whereas Shinzo Abe


was talking about rules and norms for economic integration in the


Asia-Pacific region, which was very much an organising principle behind


TPP. Very good chemistry, a great start but I think it is trade with


the two government Pramac where the governments -- will have to have


talks. Japan has been concerned with the ongoing tension about what is


going on in the region with China and so on. What did you read into


what we heard there? I thought it was very interesting President Trump


talk not only about US security commitments to Japan but


strengthening mutual defence capabilities. I believe he used the


phrase impenetrable. That sends a very strong signal to China and


North Korea. They cannot drive a wedge between the US and Japan. And


that the alliance will remain strong and that is a very reassuring signal


for the entire region after a very bizarre comment from Trump over the


course of the presidential campaign. Strengthening defence capabilities


and that security has great potential to evolve with the new US


administration. What do you foresee coming out of the weekend, as we


heard they are going to Florida to play some golf and to continue the


talks. What will both sides want to get out of it by Sunday? Well,


President Trump referred to negotiations in Florida which


reveals his mindset, in respect of bilateral economic ties and his


instincts to talk about trade. I think Shinzo Abe wants to get to


know the present better. It's important to remember that Abe is on


solid political ground in Japan. He could be the leader for several more


years, and he's going to present himself as someone who Trump can do


business with. Over time on the golf course, exchanging views is really


going to do a lot. And then the government Pramac can pick up the


details in dialogue going forward. Thanks very much for your time.


The panel in Saudi Arabia includes efforts to try to open up the


conservative kingdom west and banned and women aren't allowed to drive.


Our chief international correspondent correspondent reports


from Saudi Arabia. The image of Saudi Arabia is of the


harsh reality of a country which has been repeatedly condemned for its


human rights record, and repeatedly criticised for its role in the


bombing campaign in Yemen with allegations of possible war crimes.


These are discussed by Saudi officials outside the country but


inside the country that's not the discussion that is preoccupying


people. So much attention is now being focused on what is a very


ambitious master plan to do nothing less than transform this country,


the world's biggest exporter of oil, which took a real beating a few


years ago when oil prices crashed and the government saw its revenues


halved. It was a wake-up call. More than that, it recognises that if


you're going to impose more hardships on your people who are not


used to paying taxes,, having most of their services paid for with the


subsidies being eased, you have to give them something in return. So,


there is talk about how do you open up the country? So we took a look at


how far and fast Saudi Arabia's changing.


A moment many have waited for. A live concert. They call him the


artist of Arabs. A rock star here. He's even been called the Paul


McCartney of Saudi Arabia. Now allowed to sing in his own country


for the first time in years. His fans never thought they'd see him on


here. It's the first of many concerts planned by a new ministry,


charged with bringing some fun conservative kingdom.


One step at a time. Look at the crowd. All men. And some Saudis


don't want women at concerts like this. It's too much and isn't good


for the country. But the pace of change is picking up. Dune bashing


is one of the few thrills on offer at the weekend. There are not any


Saudi women here today. It is quite a ride, I'm sure they'd enjoy it. In


this young country, two thirds of people are under 30. The bright


lights of Dubai or London are all too tempting. Now their rulers,


including a 31-year-old Deputy Crown prince, are trying to encourage them


to spend their time and money at home. We're changing the past but


first of all we have to have women driving and we have to have the


cinema. Because it isn't forbidden in our religion. And you want


dancing? What about drinking? Not drinking, not dancing. It isn't


allowed in our religion. And we don't want it. The winds of change


started blowing from here, the empty Quarter. The world's largest desert


and its richest oil fields. No one else produces more of this black


gold. No other industry provides so much cash to the kingdom. 90% of its


revenue. But low world prices cut the earnings in half. The discovery


of oil in this forbidding desert fuelled the rise of Saudi Arabia, a


powerful kingdom of vast wealth but the crash in world oil prices


exposed another harsh reality, the need to end what its rulers call a


dangerous addiction to oil. And that means an end to the state's largess.


When I went to see the powerful oil minister in the capital, Riyadh, he


admitted it wouldn't be easy. For sure, there will be pain. The old


adage, no pain no gain is very much at play here. And they are already


hurting, especially in the middle class with cuts to subsidies to fuel


and water. For sure. And what those pains will do as they will mobilise


people to do new things that they are not used to doing. Saudis have


been used to subsidised fuel to run their cars, cushy government jobs,


no taxes. Now they are being told look for jobs in private companies


or create them. Everyone is being asked to shoulder more


responsibility. It is a huge thing, it is a huge step for Saudi Arabia.


We need to cope with it. How? I don't know, but we will see. Are you


worried? Yes. Of course. Everyone is. Because it is new thing for


Saudi Arabia. It is an ambitious plan. Some say too ambitious. In the


heart of Riyadh, the world's biggest metro project. The first public


transport system for the capital. And it's more than just a Metro.


It's meant to change the way Saudis live, create jobs, including some


for women. These young architects and engineers are part of a new,


highly educated generation. And there was equal opportunities the


men and women? Definitely. We have the same working hours, same loads,


everything is equal. Progress takes different speeds in different


countries. Maybe were not as fast as people would like us to be but were


going as good as it is for our own nation and citizens. There have been


plans to change this country before, so there is scepticism, too. For the


outside world, Saudi Arabia has long been viewed as a closed and


conservative kingdom. It still is. But some things are clearly starting


to change. That doesn't include public discussion of its human


rights record or any political reform but for the majority of


Saudis, other issues seem to matter far more.


And that Saudi Arabia in 2017. You do find sceptics and doubters here.


They say Saudi Arabia doesn't have the bureaucracy, doesn't have the


government ministries, doesn't have the ability to carry out this


ambitious plan. 14 years is simply too short. Even critics will say


that at least there is a plan with practicalities. The first time in


Saudi history, there are government ministers who are being sacked, and


held accountable. I've spoken women activists who say they've taken


elements of this plan, they go to the labour ministry and say you have


to carry out this plan. The reality is Saudi Arabia has no other choice.


World oil prices are low and will not get higher. They have a huge


youth bulge. To keep the Saudis here, to give Saudi Arabia a future,


they've got to give them not just jobs but a life that is worth


living. It has to have a lot more fun.


More than 400 Wales have beached on the coast of New Zealand, one of the


worst whale stranding is in the country. Volunteers are racing to


try and save and refloat them but already 300 have died and time is


running out for the rest. Stranded, distressed and barely


alive. Volunteers have come from far and wide to save the Wales beached


in New Zealand overnight. But most of them were already dead. This is


the third largest mass stranding we've recorded so it is a very large


one. Logistically, it is a massive undertaking. The Wales started


stranding around 10pm last night, we were notified of that, and this


morning when they went out and checked on them, most of the whales


were already dead. I've never experienced death before. For such a


majestic animal, it's very strange to see them doing this. There is a


lot of death here, which is a sad thing. If we can get some of them


out, it's got to be a good thing. Scientists don't know why Wales


beached themselves. It can be due to sickness or injury. Anybody that


doesn't have a sheet, make sure the sheet is wet not covering the


blowhole. Rescuers trying to refloat the whales but some just turned


straight back to shore. Whale strandings are common in New


Zealand. 200 Wales beached here two years earlier but this is one of the


country's worst mass strandings. We have some extraordinary pictures


to show you now. A dramatic flow of Laver has


reappeared and is shooting into the ocean off Hawaii.


You can see huge explosions in the sea water as the molten rock


spews out in what is known as a "fire hose."


It's impressive to look at, but it's also extremely dangerous,


and geologists are warning sightseers to stay away.


The lava flow here actually began on New Year's Eve,


but was cut off last week after a cliff collapsed


Amazing pictures for you. That's it, I'll be back in about 1.5 hours on


BBC world News. Next, the weather. It is looking wintry this weekend.


One thing is the sure, it's going to be cold with


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