17/03/2017 World News Today


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The headlines: Germany's Chancellor Merkel and President Trump hold


He denies he's an isolationist and defends his tough


Immigration is a privilege, not a right. The safety of our citizens


must always come first. A cautious Angela Merkel stressed


the need for compromise We held a conversation while we are


trying to address also those areas where we disagree and try to bring


people together and show what is our vantage point and the Bennigan --


the American vantage point and try and find compromise.


Hungary's tough stance against migration.


The government's building container camps for asylum-seekers


How not getting enough has a damaging impact


It's a meeting that could have huge implications for the future


The German Chancellor Angela Merkel has been meeting Donald Trump


The summit has been highly anticipated given that the two


leaders have publicly differed on several key issues.


Mr Trump has called Mrs Merkel's migration policy "catastrophic"


In the last few minutes, the two leaders appeared


It was a fairly businesslike and quite measured press conference,


given how these two leaders are so different in personality and


worldview and policy position. They stated those positions but they also


reached out and emphasised areas of commonality where they had them but


when there were not those areas they made sure the differences were known


as well. A bit like setting up the agenda before they really went into


to them in socks. Also setting up the agenda as they try to reset the


new relationship. -- went into the clocks. Here is a bit of what Tom


had to say. We recognise immigration security is national security. We


must protect our citizens from those who seek to spread extremism,


terrorism and violence inside our borders. Immigration is a privilege,


not a right. The safety of our citizens must always come first.


Without question. Over lunch the Chancellor and I will talk about our


economic partnership, we must work together towards a fair and


reciprocal trade policies. That benefit both of our people's.


Millions of hard-working US citizens have been left behind by


International commerce and together we can shape the future were all of


our citizens have a path to financial security. The United


States will respect historic institutions and we will also


recognise the right of free people to manage their own destiny. The


close friendship between America and Germany is built on our shared


values. We cherish individual rights, we uphold the rule of law


and we seek peace among nations. Our alliance is a symbol of strength and


cooperation to the world. It is the foundation of a very, very hopeful


future. Thank you. This is of course quite an


adjustment for an good -- Angela Merkel because she had a good


working relationship with President Obama and Donald Trump is a very


different character and one who has been quite critical of her. He


criticised for quite a lot during his campaign and said she bought the


Germany to ruin because of her open-door immigration policy which


had been a catastrophe. She did research quite what the poor comment


and read his speeches and interviews and sweets and try to come up they


could work together. -- she did research a lot before coming. As it


is important for both countries. She said it is important to talk with


each other than about each other. Here is what she had to say. I am


here as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany and represent


German interests and speak with the president of the United States who


stands up for, as is right, American interests and it is our respective


tasks and I must say I was very gratifying to know the warm and


gracious hospitality with which I was received here and we held a


conversation where we try to address those areas where we disagree and


also bring people together and show what is our vantage point and what


is the American vantage point and try to find a compromise that is


good for both sides because we need to be fair with each other. Everyone


expects from them without something good to come out of it from their


people. People have different abilities, different


characteristics, different origins, and have found their way into


politics along different pathways and while that is diversity, which


is good, sometimes it is difficult to find compromise, but that is what


we have been elected for. If everything went without problem you


do not need politicians to do this job. The body language seemed a bit


stiff and wary, perhaps, but towards the end Mr Trump brought in a new


element and talk about another way you may have something in common


watch is President Obama ordering a wiretap of their phones. There is


evidence Mr Obama did that for Angela Merkel but there is no


evidence so far he did that for Mr Trump although the president


continues to see it happen. It bought out quite a laugh in the room


and that perhaps created the environment for talks that might


happen with a bit more ease once they got off the podium. That rather


delayed press conference, let's see whether they were getting on very


well or not very well. She mentioned the body language there.


With me is Judi James, an expert in body language.


Angela Merkel had that great relationship with President Obama,


what do you make of this initial contact these two have had together?


It was extraordinary body language. Angela Merkel, spelt most of her


political -- spent most of her career path that and hub like a mill


politicians so this would be what can a part for her but what was


interesting was the greeting rituals. He performed what is called


an act of inconvenience and right up to the car. It was very friendly.


When we do that that is a very respected guest suite came right up


to the car and at a very warm handshake and tilted his head and


actually Lord himself which in a animal terms is submissive


behaviour. -- Lord himself down. So far so good at that stage. Then we


see them inside the oval office and the body language changes. I need to


know what happened between the greeting. It almost looked like


suddenly, when you go to parents of the School and you have the sulky


teenager and will not play ball and she is being very appeasing, she is


leaning on her chair, looking at them and trying to get some rapport


going but he turned his chair away, he has got the sulky what on jaw and


then he is using a downward steeple. -- sulky bottom jaw. He does a


metronomic gesture and if you want to say, let's finish this because I


am fed up being here will stop then you the moment you try to get him


shake hands and he just did not want to know. At a slightly different to


what we sought when he met the British Prime Minister Theresa May.


That was in January this year but that was completely different


because we sought that handholds. A lot was discussed about that. What


was your interpretation? They were quite frosty. This stood quite a way


away and she was very regal and somebody said, did you know the help


hands on the back of the White House. It was a very brief. They


were not walking along like lovestruck people, he just put his


hand out and touched it slightly. I would say, I have not seen him do it


with any of the male world leaders yet. Back to today, they are both


podium facing away but they are looking at each other so that seems


to be some kind of relationship, they are at least listening to each


other. Given that he would look at her like, do you want to answer this


one? When you see that you're seeing more of a team forming. His problem


is he has this phobia about the press so when he starts to get


tricky questions and you can see the anger spilling out into his body


language and by then it is almost as if she is not there and he becomes


obsessed with his aggression against the press asking difficult


questions. Thank you for bringing those nuances


that, quite frankly, most of us would have missed.


One of the issues discussed was wiretapping.


Lots to discuss over this potential wiretapping. President Trump's


spokesman says he will not repeat suggestions British security


services spied on Donald Trump before he took office. These are


linked to Mr Trump's claims and has caused real anger in the UK


intelligence services. Britain's GCHQ surveillance agency -


secretly listening in, said the White House,


on President-Elect Donald Not true, says GCHQ,


in a rare public rebuttal. It all began with a tweet,


with Donald Trump alleging on social media Barack Obama had ordered


the tapping of his phone calls Then came the claim, from Fox News,


that GCHQ may have been behind it. Sources have told Fox News


that President Obama could very easily have,


and probably did, use a foreign intelligence service to gather this


information for him. The probable culprit


here is called GCHQ. The next thing, that unsubstantiated


claim was being quoted That triggered alarm


bells in Whitehall. I'm told it was serious enough


to be considered a threat It prompted this


unprecedented denial by GCHQ. Recent allegations, it said,


made by media commentator Judge Andrew Napolitano about GCHQ


being asked to conduct wiretapping against the then


President-Elect are nonsense. They are utterly ridiculous


and should be ignored. This is just not


something GCHQ does. The legislation under which it


operates doesn't allow it to happen. The governance and the oversight


of the organisation just does not I think, in this case,


it is absolutely clear this If Donald Trump was embarrassed,


he wasn't showing it today - seen here meeting the German


Chancellor, Angela Merkel. His administration has promised not


to repeat these allegations, So, what is the damage


to relations with Washington? MI6, MI5 and GCHQ, Britain's three


spy agencies, all have incredibly close working relationships


with their US counterparts. Whitehall officials insisted


today that partnership remains as strong as ever,


despite the controversy Still, it is a bad day


for Western intelligence, when Britain has to publicly


contradict a statement coming out of the highest office


of its closest partner, Frank Gardner, BBC News, outside MI6


headquarters in central London. Rex Tillerson, the American


Secretary of State, He is ruling nothing out


in dealing with the country - Speaking after talks


with South Korean leaders, Mr Tillerson, said a policy


of strategic patience Mr Tillerson came here


with a particular message That is the ironclad alliance,


as he calls it, between the US and South Korea will remain,


whoever wins power in elections here We wait to see what exactly


the new policy will be. The policy of strategic


patience has ended. We are exploring a new


range of diplomatic, North Korea must


understand the only path to a secure, economic and prosperous


future is to abandon its development of nuclear weapons, ballistic


missiles and other We call on other regional


powers and all nations to join us in demanding the North


Korean Government choose a better path and a different


future for its people. Beyond the actual words, the tone


of the press conference was the moment North Korea has the ability


to hit the continental United States with nuclear weapons


is a moment of real crisis. And military options really


will be on the table then. Now a look at some of


the days other news. The deaths of dozens of Somali


refugees, whose boat was attacked off Yemen's Red Sea coast,


has appalled the UN refugee agency. More than forty bodies have been


recovered and survivors have been It's still not clear


who was behind the attack. Syria has confirmed that it tried


to shoot down Israeli warplanes that Israel's military says


all the planes returned safely and one of the anti-aircraft


missiles was intercepted. It's rare for Israel to admit


to air strikes in Syria. Egyptian archaeologists say that


a vast statue uncovered in a suburb of Cairo last week is not


of Pharaoh Ramses II, It's now believed to depict a much


later king, Psamtek I. Hungary's Prime Minister Viktor


Orban has announced that a second line of fence along his


country's border with Serbia Mr Orban said it would be able


to prevent any new wave Hungary is also pushing ahead


with the construction of two container camps for


asylum-seekers on the border. When Hungary says it is taking tough


action to stop migration, It is holding these migrants


at a detention centre We are allowed to speak


to them from the street. We are not terrorists,


we are not criminals. But Hungary sees no


reason to back down. This month, the Prime Minister


Viktor Orban took charge of a new A new law now gives


the government even more power Hungary plans to hold them


all in these containers it is setting up next


to the border with Serbia. "These are civilised places to live


in", the contractor says. "European workers certainly


find them acceptable". Hungary says that the migrants to be


held in these containers would be free to leave at any time,


so long as they head in just They would be free to walk


just a few metres down here and they would cross back


into Serbia, away from the EU, These young migrants are stuck


on the Serbian side. The rest of the European Union


may publicly criticise the actions of Hungary but,


quietly, Europe may put up with anything that


keeps migrants back. James Reynolds, BBC News,


on the Hungary/Serbia border. The Nobel Prize winning poet


and playwright Sir Derek Walcott has died at his home in St Lucia


at the age of 87. Sir Derek first gained international


attention in the 1960s, with poems that explored the history


and culture of the Caribbean. He was considered one of the key


voices of West Indian literature and was vocal about his love


for the culture and Researchers in Oxford have developed


a machine for people who are hard of hearing,


that can lip-read more And they've developed


the technology by watching news presenters here at the BBC,


as our Technology Correspondent At the Action for Hearing Loss


charity, Edward is trying to have a conversation


with a colleague. With lots of noise coming


into the office from the street, his lip-reading skills


come in useful. It can be very hard as well


because sometimes some words can sound the same or could be lip-read


the same, and so it's all about getting into context


and seeing what people actually talk But in Oxford, research is under


way to teach computers It's involved training an artificial


intelligence system using thousands So the box around the lips is the


region that the AI system is seeing. Joon Son Chung, whose project this


is, shares Edward's view So lip-reading is a very difficult


problem because there are visual For example pat, bat and mat


are visually identical. By endlessly watching clips


of Breakfast, Newsnight and other BBC News programmes,


the computer teaches What the system does is learn things


that occur together. So in this case they're the mouth


shapes and the characters, and what the likely upcoming


characters are, given Let's try it with some words it


already understands. The Prime Minister is at


a European Union summit. Now, the system has heard those


words in that context before But to get better, it will have


to chew through a lot more data. There's a long way to go


but the hearing loss charity This would help people


with when they're watching subtitles on television,


this will help people when they're out and about in very noisy


environments and it's by no means technology that will replace


a professional lip-reader. It's something that would very much


support professional lip-readers to improve the accuracy of the work


that they do. Right now the technology only works


on full sentences in recorded clips. The next stage is to


make it work live. But first the computer


is going to be watching A security sniffer dog has been shot


dead at New Zealand's biggest airport after running away


from its handler. The 10-month old disrupted flights


as it evaded capture around Animal rights groups have asked why


the dog couldn't have been We do not believe it was the last


resort because I do not see the tranquiliser gun


being mentioned at all. They were chasing him


for many hours. It's World Sleep day today -


and we all know how important it is to get enough sleep -


but what about the bottom line here? According to the Rand corporation -


lack of sleep is costing the world economy billions of dollars


in lost productivity. Our reporter Theo Leggett managed


to stay up just long enough Now, we all know that we need


to sleep and some of us probably But what happens if


you do not get enough? What could it mean for your ability


to do your job, for example? To find out more, I have come


here to the Clinical Research Centre at the University of Surrey


where they study sleep, and in particular,


what happens to your brain So I'm just going to go over a few


things that we will do This doctor is a research


fellow at the University. Her team studies what happens


to the sleeping brain and has analysed how insufficient sleep can


have deeply damaging effects on both Sleep deprivation can lead


to a mental state which is very In part because you are not aware


of your inability to focus And your judgment and your


speed is impaired. We're going to give you some


instructions from the control room. Analysts from the Rand Corporation


say lost sleep can cut a country's economic


output by up to 3%. In the USA it costs up


to $411 billion a year. In Japan it is 138 billion


and in the UK $50 billion, People who do not sleep enough


are dying prematurely compared to people who sleep the healthy


amount of hours. They are more likely to die


of any given cause such as cardiovascular disease,


cancer and also they are more likely At the other end, we know people


who sleep enough are more likely to go to work and are more


productive at work compared to Sacrificing sleep to work long hours


may impress your boss but it might be dangerous and could be


costing your company a great deal. So perhaps it would be better


all round if we could sometimes sit I totally agree. Our main story,


that developing story, in his first meeting with Angela Merkel,


President Trump has stressed he is not an isolationist, but a free


trade are seeking fair deal to bring jobs back to America. He also told


Angela Merkel more Nato members must meet their commitments on spending


and Mrs Merkel also stressed the importance of Nato and said Berlin


was willing to increase the amount it spends on military. That is all


for now. If you want to get in touch with me or the team you can do so on


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