17/03/2017 World News Today


17/03/2017

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The headlines: Germany's Chancellor Merkel and President Trump hold

:00:00.:00:12.

He denies he's an isolationist and defends his tough

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Immigration is a privilege, not a right. The safety of our citizens

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must always come first. A cautious Angela Merkel stressed

:00:27.:00:31.

the need for compromise We held a conversation while we are

:00:32.:00:40.

trying to address also those areas where we disagree and try to bring

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people together and show what is our vantage point and the Bennigan --

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the American vantage point and try and find compromise.

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Hungary's tough stance against migration.

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The government's building container camps for asylum-seekers

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How not getting enough has a damaging impact

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It's a meeting that could have huge implications for the future

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The German Chancellor Angela Merkel has been meeting Donald Trump

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The summit has been highly anticipated given that the two

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leaders have publicly differed on several key issues.

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Mr Trump has called Mrs Merkel's migration policy "catastrophic"

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In the last few minutes, the two leaders appeared

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It was a fairly businesslike and quite measured press conference,

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given how these two leaders are so different in personality and

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worldview and policy position. They stated those positions but they also

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reached out and emphasised areas of commonality where they had them but

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when there were not those areas they made sure the differences were known

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as well. A bit like setting up the agenda before they really went into

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to them in socks. Also setting up the agenda as they try to reset the

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new relationship. -- went into the clocks. Here is a bit of what Tom

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had to say. We recognise immigration security is national security. We

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must protect our citizens from those who seek to spread extremism,

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terrorism and violence inside our borders. Immigration is a privilege,

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not a right. The safety of our citizens must always come first.

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Without question. Over lunch the Chancellor and I will talk about our

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economic partnership, we must work together towards a fair and

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reciprocal trade policies. That benefit both of our people's.

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Millions of hard-working US citizens have been left behind by

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International commerce and together we can shape the future were all of

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our citizens have a path to financial security. The United

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States will respect historic institutions and we will also

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recognise the right of free people to manage their own destiny. The

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close friendship between America and Germany is built on our shared

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values. We cherish individual rights, we uphold the rule of law

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and we seek peace among nations. Our alliance is a symbol of strength and

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cooperation to the world. It is the foundation of a very, very hopeful

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future. Thank you. This is of course quite an

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adjustment for an good -- Angela Merkel because she had a good

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working relationship with President Obama and Donald Trump is a very

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different character and one who has been quite critical of her. He

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criticised for quite a lot during his campaign and said she bought the

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Germany to ruin because of her open-door immigration policy which

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had been a catastrophe. She did research quite what the poor comment

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and read his speeches and interviews and sweets and try to come up they

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could work together. -- she did research a lot before coming. As it

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is important for both countries. She said it is important to talk with

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each other than about each other. Here is what she had to say. I am

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here as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany and represent

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German interests and speak with the president of the United States who

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stands up for, as is right, American interests and it is our respective

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tasks and I must say I was very gratifying to know the warm and

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gracious hospitality with which I was received here and we held a

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conversation where we try to address those areas where we disagree and

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also bring people together and show what is our vantage point and what

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is the American vantage point and try to find a compromise that is

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good for both sides because we need to be fair with each other. Everyone

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expects from them without something good to come out of it from their

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people. People have different abilities, different

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characteristics, different origins, and have found their way into

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politics along different pathways and while that is diversity, which

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is good, sometimes it is difficult to find compromise, but that is what

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we have been elected for. If everything went without problem you

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do not need politicians to do this job. The body language seemed a bit

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stiff and wary, perhaps, but towards the end Mr Trump brought in a new

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element and talk about another way you may have something in common

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watch is President Obama ordering a wiretap of their phones. There is

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evidence Mr Obama did that for Angela Merkel but there is no

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evidence so far he did that for Mr Trump although the president

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continues to see it happen. It bought out quite a laugh in the room

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and that perhaps created the environment for talks that might

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happen with a bit more ease once they got off the podium. That rather

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delayed press conference, let's see whether they were getting on very

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well or not very well. She mentioned the body language there.

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With me is Judi James, an expert in body language.

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Angela Merkel had that great relationship with President Obama,

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what do you make of this initial contact these two have had together?

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It was extraordinary body language. Angela Merkel, spelt most of her

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political -- spent most of her career path that and hub like a mill

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politicians so this would be what can a part for her but what was

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interesting was the greeting rituals. He performed what is called

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an act of inconvenience and right up to the car. It was very friendly.

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When we do that that is a very respected guest suite came right up

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to the car and at a very warm handshake and tilted his head and

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actually Lord himself which in a animal terms is submissive

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behaviour. -- Lord himself down. So far so good at that stage. Then we

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see them inside the oval office and the body language changes. I need to

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know what happened between the greeting. It almost looked like

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suddenly, when you go to parents of the School and you have the sulky

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teenager and will not play ball and she is being very appeasing, she is

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leaning on her chair, looking at them and trying to get some rapport

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going but he turned his chair away, he has got the sulky what on jaw and

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then he is using a downward steeple. -- sulky bottom jaw. He does a

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metronomic gesture and if you want to say, let's finish this because I

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am fed up being here will stop then you the moment you try to get him

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shake hands and he just did not want to know. At a slightly different to

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what we sought when he met the British Prime Minister Theresa May.

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That was in January this year but that was completely different

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because we sought that handholds. A lot was discussed about that. What

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was your interpretation? They were quite frosty. This stood quite a way

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away and she was very regal and somebody said, did you know the help

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hands on the back of the White House. It was a very brief. They

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were not walking along like lovestruck people, he just put his

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hand out and touched it slightly. I would say, I have not seen him do it

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with any of the male world leaders yet. Back to today, they are both

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podium facing away but they are looking at each other so that seems

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to be some kind of relationship, they are at least listening to each

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other. Given that he would look at her like, do you want to answer this

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one? When you see that you're seeing more of a team forming. His problem

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is he has this phobia about the press so when he starts to get

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tricky questions and you can see the anger spilling out into his body

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language and by then it is almost as if she is not there and he becomes

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obsessed with his aggression against the press asking difficult

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questions. Thank you for bringing those nuances

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that, quite frankly, most of us would have missed.

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One of the issues discussed was wiretapping.

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Lots to discuss over this potential wiretapping. President Trump's

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spokesman says he will not repeat suggestions British security

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services spied on Donald Trump before he took office. These are

:10:57.:11:01.

linked to Mr Trump's claims and has caused real anger in the UK

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intelligence services. Britain's GCHQ surveillance agency -

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secretly listening in, said the White House,

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on President-Elect Donald Not true, says GCHQ,

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in a rare public rebuttal. It all began with a tweet,

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with Donald Trump alleging on social media Barack Obama had ordered

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the tapping of his phone calls Then came the claim, from Fox News,

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that GCHQ may have been behind it. Sources have told Fox News

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that President Obama could very easily have,

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and probably did, use a foreign intelligence service to gather this

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information for him. The probable culprit

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here is called GCHQ. The next thing, that unsubstantiated

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claim was being quoted That triggered alarm

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bells in Whitehall. I'm told it was serious enough

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to be considered a threat It prompted this

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unprecedented denial by GCHQ. Recent allegations, it said,

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made by media commentator Judge Andrew Napolitano about GCHQ

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being asked to conduct wiretapping against the then

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President-Elect are nonsense. They are utterly ridiculous

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and should be ignored. This is just not

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something GCHQ does. The legislation under which it

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operates doesn't allow it to happen. The governance and the oversight

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of the organisation just does not I think, in this case,

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it is absolutely clear this If Donald Trump was embarrassed,

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he wasn't showing it today - seen here meeting the German

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Chancellor, Angela Merkel. His administration has promised not

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to repeat these allegations, So, what is the damage

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to relations with Washington? MI6, MI5 and GCHQ, Britain's three

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spy agencies, all have incredibly close working relationships

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with their US counterparts. Whitehall officials insisted

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today that partnership remains as strong as ever,

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despite the controversy Still, it is a bad day

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for Western intelligence, when Britain has to publicly

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contradict a statement coming out of the highest office

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of its closest partner, Frank Gardner, BBC News, outside MI6

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headquarters in central London. Rex Tillerson, the American

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Secretary of State, He is ruling nothing out

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in dealing with the country - Speaking after talks

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with South Korean leaders, Mr Tillerson, said a policy

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of strategic patience Mr Tillerson came here

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with a particular message That is the ironclad alliance,

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as he calls it, between the US and South Korea will remain,

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whoever wins power in elections here We wait to see what exactly

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the new policy will be. The policy of strategic

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patience has ended. We are exploring a new

:14:16.:14:20.

range of diplomatic, North Korea must

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understand the only path to a secure, economic and prosperous

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future is to abandon its development of nuclear weapons, ballistic

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missiles and other We call on other regional

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powers and all nations to join us in demanding the North

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Korean Government choose a better path and a different

:14:49.:14:51.

future for its people. Beyond the actual words, the tone

:14:52.:14:52.

of the press conference was the moment North Korea has the ability

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to hit the continental United States with nuclear weapons

:14:57.:15:00.

is a moment of real crisis. And military options really

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will be on the table then. Now a look at some of

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the days other news. The deaths of dozens of Somali

:15:15.:15:19.

refugees, whose boat was attacked off Yemen's Red Sea coast,

:15:20.:15:22.

has appalled the UN refugee agency. More than forty bodies have been

:15:23.:15:24.

recovered and survivors have been It's still not clear

:15:25.:15:27.

who was behind the attack. Syria has confirmed that it tried

:15:28.:15:33.

to shoot down Israeli warplanes that Israel's military says

:15:34.:15:36.

all the planes returned safely and one of the anti-aircraft

:15:37.:15:41.

missiles was intercepted. It's rare for Israel to admit

:15:42.:15:43.

to air strikes in Syria. Egyptian archaeologists say that

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a vast statue uncovered in a suburb of Cairo last week is not

:15:51.:15:53.

of Pharaoh Ramses II, It's now believed to depict a much

:15:54.:15:55.

later king, Psamtek I. Hungary's Prime Minister Viktor

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Orban has announced that a second line of fence along his

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country's border with Serbia Mr Orban said it would be able

:16:14.:16:17.

to prevent any new wave Hungary is also pushing ahead

:16:18.:16:24.

with the construction of two container camps for

:16:25.:16:27.

asylum-seekers on the border. When Hungary says it is taking tough

:16:28.:16:29.

action to stop migration, It is holding these migrants

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at a detention centre We are allowed to speak

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to them from the street. We are not terrorists,

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we are not criminals. But Hungary sees no

:16:51.:16:52.

reason to back down. This month, the Prime Minister

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Viktor Orban took charge of a new A new law now gives

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the government even more power Hungary plans to hold them

:17:13.:17:18.

all in these containers it is setting up next

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to the border with Serbia. "These are civilised places to live

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in", the contractor says. "European workers certainly

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find them acceptable". Hungary says that the migrants to be

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held in these containers would be free to leave at any time,

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so long as they head in just They would be free to walk

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just a few metres down here and they would cross back

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into Serbia, away from the EU, These young migrants are stuck

:17:59.:18:01.

on the Serbian side. The rest of the European Union

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may publicly criticise the actions of Hungary but,

:18:09.:18:12.

quietly, Europe may put up with anything that

:18:13.:18:14.

keeps migrants back. James Reynolds, BBC News,

:18:15.:18:17.

on the Hungary/Serbia border. The Nobel Prize winning poet

:18:18.:18:23.

and playwright Sir Derek Walcott has died at his home in St Lucia

:18:24.:18:26.

at the age of 87. Sir Derek first gained international

:18:27.:18:30.

attention in the 1960s, with poems that explored the history

:18:31.:18:34.

and culture of the Caribbean. He was considered one of the key

:18:35.:18:38.

voices of West Indian literature and was vocal about his love

:18:39.:18:40.

for the culture and Researchers in Oxford have developed

:18:41.:18:43.

a machine for people who are hard of hearing,

:18:44.:18:54.

that can lip-read more And they've developed

:18:55.:18:58.

the technology by watching news presenters here at the BBC,

:18:59.:19:05.

as our Technology Correspondent At the Action for Hearing Loss

:19:06.:19:07.

charity, Edward is trying to have a conversation

:19:08.:19:13.

with a colleague. With lots of noise coming

:19:14.:19:19.

into the office from the street, his lip-reading skills

:19:20.:19:22.

come in useful. It can be very hard as well

:19:23.:19:23.

because sometimes some words can sound the same or could be lip-read

:19:24.:19:27.

the same, and so it's all about getting into context

:19:28.:19:30.

and seeing what people actually talk But in Oxford, research is under

:19:31.:19:33.

way to teach computers It's involved training an artificial

:19:34.:19:38.

intelligence system using thousands So the box around the lips is the

:19:39.:19:46.

region that the AI system is seeing. Joon Son Chung, whose project this

:19:47.:19:52.

is, shares Edward's view So lip-reading is a very difficult

:19:53.:19:56.

problem because there are visual For example pat, bat and mat

:19:57.:20:03.

are visually identical. By endlessly watching clips

:20:04.:20:10.

of Breakfast, Newsnight and other BBC News programmes,

:20:11.:20:13.

the computer teaches What the system does is learn things

:20:14.:20:17.

that occur together. So in this case they're the mouth

:20:18.:20:22.

shapes and the characters, and what the likely upcoming

:20:23.:20:25.

characters are, given Let's try it with some words it

:20:26.:20:27.

already understands. The Prime Minister is at

:20:28.:20:33.

a European Union summit. Now, the system has heard those

:20:34.:20:36.

words in that context before But to get better, it will have

:20:37.:20:40.

to chew through a lot more data. There's a long way to go

:20:41.:20:46.

but the hearing loss charity This would help people

:20:47.:20:48.

with when they're watching subtitles on television,

:20:49.:20:53.

this will help people when they're out and about in very noisy

:20:54.:20:55.

environments and it's by no means technology that will replace

:20:56.:20:58.

a professional lip-reader. It's something that would very much

:20:59.:21:01.

support professional lip-readers to improve the accuracy of the work

:21:02.:21:04.

that they do. Right now the technology only works

:21:05.:21:07.

on full sentences in recorded clips. The next stage is to

:21:08.:21:11.

make it work live. But first the computer

:21:12.:21:13.

is going to be watching A security sniffer dog has been shot

:21:14.:21:16.

dead at New Zealand's biggest airport after running away

:21:17.:21:30.

from its handler. The 10-month old disrupted flights

:21:31.:21:32.

as it evaded capture around Animal rights groups have asked why

:21:33.:21:38.

the dog couldn't have been We do not believe it was the last

:21:39.:21:42.

resort because I do not see the tranquiliser gun

:21:43.:22:34.

being mentioned at all. They were chasing him

:22:35.:22:35.

for many hours. It's World Sleep day today -

:22:36.:22:49.

and we all know how important it is to get enough sleep -

:22:50.:22:52.

but what about the bottom line here? According to the Rand corporation -

:22:53.:22:56.

lack of sleep is costing the world economy billions of dollars

:22:57.:22:59.

in lost productivity. Our reporter Theo Leggett managed

:23:00.:23:00.

to stay up just long enough Now, we all know that we need

:23:01.:23:03.

to sleep and some of us probably But what happens if

:23:04.:23:10.

you do not get enough? What could it mean for your ability

:23:11.:23:15.

to do your job, for example? To find out more, I have come

:23:16.:23:18.

here to the Clinical Research Centre at the University of Surrey

:23:19.:23:22.

where they study sleep, and in particular,

:23:23.:23:24.

what happens to your brain So I'm just going to go over a few

:23:25.:23:30.

things that we will do This doctor is a research

:23:31.:23:35.

fellow at the University. Her team studies what happens

:23:36.:23:38.

to the sleeping brain and has analysed how insufficient sleep can

:23:39.:23:43.

have deeply damaging effects on both Sleep deprivation can lead

:23:44.:23:46.

to a mental state which is very In part because you are not aware

:23:47.:23:52.

of your inability to focus And your judgment and your

:23:53.:24:00.

speed is impaired. We're going to give you some

:24:01.:24:11.

instructions from the control room. Analysts from the Rand Corporation

:24:12.:24:14.

say lost sleep can cut a country's economic

:24:15.:24:18.

output by up to 3%. In the USA it costs up

:24:19.:24:20.

to $411 billion a year. In Japan it is 138 billion

:24:21.:24:26.

and in the UK $50 billion, People who do not sleep enough

:24:27.:24:29.

are dying prematurely compared to people who sleep the healthy

:24:30.:24:35.

amount of hours. They are more likely to die

:24:36.:24:38.

of any given cause such as cardiovascular disease,

:24:39.:24:42.

cancer and also they are more likely At the other end, we know people

:24:43.:24:44.

who sleep enough are more likely to go to work and are more

:24:45.:24:52.

productive at work compared to Sacrificing sleep to work long hours

:24:53.:24:55.

may impress your boss but it might be dangerous and could be

:24:56.:25:02.

costing your company a great deal. So perhaps it would be better

:25:03.:25:05.

all round if we could sometimes sit I totally agree. Our main story,

:25:06.:25:22.

that developing story, in his first meeting with Angela Merkel,

:25:23.:25:27.

President Trump has stressed he is not an isolationist, but a free

:25:28.:25:32.

trade are seeking fair deal to bring jobs back to America. He also told

:25:33.:25:37.

Angela Merkel more Nato members must meet their commitments on spending

:25:38.:25:44.

and Mrs Merkel also stressed the importance of Nato and said Berlin

:25:45.:25:48.

was willing to increase the amount it spends on military. That is all

:25:49.:25:55.

for now. If you want to get in touch with me or the team you can do so on

:25:56.:25:59.

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