18/03/2017 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today broadcasting in the UK and around


the world. I'm Alpa Patel. The headlines: Details emerge about the


man shot dead at a Paris airport after he attacked a military patrol.


The 39-year-old had a long criminal record and authorities believe he


was radicalised in prison. TRANSLATION: He told the soldiers,


drop your weapons and put your hands on your heads, I'm here to die for


Allah. There will be deaths. Dramatic footage from Peru as


mudslides and flash floods don't bring chaos and destruction.


G20 Finance Ministers abandon a commitment to free trade in the face


of opposition from the Trump administration. And, the world's


healthiest hearts are found among hunter gatherers in Bolivia, so what


can we learn about their lifestyle? Welcome to the programme. We begin


in France where a man was shot dead after trying to seize a soldier's


weapon at Oryl Airport in Paris. It's emerged that the suspect had


been involved in another shooting earlier in the day -- Orly. The man


later stole a car and made his way to Orly, France's second airport


near Paris. Officials say he was known to to have Islamic leanings.


Paris has got used to seeing security forces everywhere.


At one of the capital's most protected sites today, an attack on


As passengers queued for early-morning flights, a


39-year-old man from Paris's northern suburbs wrestled a female


soldier to the ground and tried to grab her weapon.


Before being shot dead by her colleagues.


An eyewitness in the airport at the time described what happened.


The Paris prosecutor confirmed he was on a criminal watch list and


that intelligence services believed he'd been radicalised.


His father and brother are now being questioned by police.


President Hollande said France's extra security measures had


TRANSLATION: Anyone who was questioning the presence


of military personnel in public places, like the airport,


must understand that for the military to reinforce our


security it is essential that they responded to the orders


Tonight, the southern terminal here at Orly has reopened,


as anti-terrorism investigators begin their work.


The cordon of security that has gone up around


this country over the past two years held firm today.


But it's another reminder of the fear that still haunts France.


With me in the studio is Olivier Geetai from Global Strat, who do you


believe was the target of this attack? I think it was possibly the


soldiers because, as we have seen, time and again, Islamic state has


called for soldiers to be attacked. They are at the top of the food


chain, if you will. In the Louvre attack a month and a half ago,


soldiers were targeted. In France, there is a long history of soldiers


being really at the top of targets of Jihadists, unfortunately. What do


you think about the fact this man had a criminal record? He could have


been radicalised in prison. Should the authorities be doing more in


terms of this? It's very difficult at this point to do more because


already with the amount of potential Jihadis that they have on their


watch list which this individual was not on, they have 15,000 people that


they think could become potential terrorists that they have to monitor


and they can't monitor more than 500 of those 150,000 so it's a huge


undertaking and it's difficult for us to comprehend the task at work


for the Security Services. Your French yourself. What do you


think about the threat level facing France at the moment? I was in Paris


last week at a meeting with different Counter-Terrorism experts.


The main issue that we have today is the run-up to the French


presidential elections. I'm very concerned that the next month and a


half until the first round are going to be critical. Already, Islamic


state followers are calling for attacks that would tilt the balance


in the election, like Al-Qaeda did in Spain in 2004.


And, as a security analyst, what more dining can be done? The main


issue is not physical security but it's really the intelligence. The


problem is that former President Sarkozy removed one of the services


that was doing all the human intelligence, that was basically


getting information from informers that were infiltrating the cells or


people on the inside. This was dismantled into seven or eight and


now we are paying the price. What do you think about operation sentinel,


the move to get soldiers on to the streets, the soldiers outside this


airport, do you think it's working? It's working for the psyche of the


people. I mean, it's a feel-good really operation because you have


10,000 soldiers on the street. There could be more targets than


protecting people. We have seen that in the past. At the same time, if


you have somebody that wants to come in at Orly airport or any airport


before the check-in and he has a gun and wants to kill ten or 15 people,


you can put however many soldiers you want, that's not going to help


if you can't get ahead of time, so intel is crucial. Thank you very


much. There's been no respite for Peru after torrential rain triggered


the country's worst flooding and mudslides in 20 years. 72 people


have died and tens of thousands have been left homeless. A state of


emergency has been declared across the country.


Apocalyptic scenes as a raging wall of muddy water barrels


A miraculous escape for the terrified passengers


as the vehicle stays upright and drifts to a stand still.


Others have not been so lucky after the most prolonged


downpours in decades, blamed on the El Nino


Rescue teams had been stretched to the limit after bridges and roads


were swept away and those who built makeshift homes on flood plains dry


Zip lines have saved countless lives here in the capital Lima.


The lives of residents and their pets.


This year's rainy season say the authorities has delivered ten


The Government's announced $760 million in emergency funds


But in many, that's yet to be felt on the ground.


TRANSLATION: The people have stayed but are trapped.


Their homes are freed flooded almost up to the first floor.


Walls have collapsed, the force of the water's very strong.


TRANSLATION: All the houses here are flooded.


The banks aren't going to help us recover.


More than half a million people have been displaced,


many others left dependent on bottled water after supplies


Forecasters are warning of another fortnight of intense rainfall.


For Peru's beleaguered population, it's not over yet.


Finance Ministers from the world's biggest economies are backtracking


on past commitments to free trade after the US rejected a deal on the


open flow of goods. As many countries absorb the shock of the


move, there is a warning it paves the way for increasing protectionism


from the Trump administration. I've been speaking to the BBC's business


correspondent, Joe Lynam about the significance of this move. I think


it is significant because this is the first time that I can recall


that there has been no reference to resisting protectionism and urging


more free trade. That's been the mantra that's been included in


communiques for up to a decade. So the fact that the Americans have


insisted that this kind of language is excluded from the final statement


is significant and it's of course a reflection of the policy adopted by


Donald Trump. He wants to tear up TPP, the trans-Pacific partnership


and T tip, the North Atlantic trade agreement is also dead. He said


NAFTA was the worst deal the US ever signed and he's talking about border


goods coming into America. He's told his Treasury secretary to get in


there and resist any calls to the contrary. It shows how powerful the


US is at the G 20. In practicality, what are the consequences? It just


kind of means that everybody has to sit and wait because the Americans


have talked a lot of stuff about trade, protectionism, even resisting


climate change in today's communique, but they haven't acted


on it yet. So the Americans haven't pulled out of the Paris accord on


climate change and they haven't imposed a border tax on goods coming


into America so we don't know yet. It could be just campaign rhetoric


for the President who continues to campaign even though he's been


elected. It's probably what the other Finance Ministers will say,


sit and wait. The policy, the administration flexing its muscles,


what has been the reaction to that? The French Finance Minister said it


was regrettable that the two most essential items on the world agenda,


climate change and free trade, were not included in the final


communique. The host of today's event said basically he cannot force


people to include language with which they are uncomfortable but


obviously, as the host, he'd much prefer that language to be in the


communique and the Germans are the biggest trading partners anyway.


Thank you very much. More news: A scandal over the safety of meat sold


by Brazil is now so serious the President's called an emergency


meeting with his ministers. Health inspectors were allegedly bribed to


sign off food unfit for human consumption. It's bad timing for


Brazil. The world's largest exporter of meat seeks a trade deal with the


EU. The US Secretary of State has been told by his Chinese counterpart


that the US should remain cool headed over North Korea. He warned


Rex Tillerson that tensions were at dangerous levels. It came just days


after Donald Trump said North Korea had been playing the US for years


and that China hadn't been doing enough.


More than 2,000 people in the Russian city of St Petersburg have


protested against the handover of St Isaac's cathedral to the control of


the Russian Orthodox Church. The golden domed cathedral which Towers


over the city is currently a museum, although religious services are held


there. Some are concerned about the growing influence of the church on


Russian society. An operation has begun to evacuate


Syrian opposition fighters from their remaining enclave in the city


of Homs. A deal with the Government means thousands of people are due to


be moved to other rebel-held areas in the biggest operation of its


kind. The BBC's Ben James reports from Beirut.


Opposition fighters queue with families for buses to leave.


This was the last neighbourhood under opposition control in Homs.


The city once known by some as the capital of the revolution.


Supervising the evacuation, troops from Russia.


TRANSLATION: We had long discussions with the militants.


The Russian forces will be inside the district and very soon


the Syrian government will take control.


Monitors estimate 12,000 people will leave in total under the deal,


Once they've gone, Homs will be entirely under Government control.


There have been similar agreements in Aleppo and parts of Damascus.


The Syrian government calls them reconciliation deals and argues


they're key to ending the six-year conflict.


TRANSLATION: This deal will lead to the evacuation of all rebels


More than 40,000 civilian residents will remain in Homs.


Opponents say they amount to force displacement


The first groups will be evacuated from Aleppo.


Those in charge say a full evacuation will take six weeks.


Still to come: Heartbreak for England as they're beaten by Ireland


in rugby's Six Nations tournament. They lost out on a record-breaking


19 wins in a row. Today we have closed the book on


apartheid and that chapter. More than 3,000 subway passengers were


affected. Nausea, bleeding, headaches and dimming of vision, all


of this caused by an apparently organised attack.


The trophy itself is on the pedestal in the middle of the Cabinet. It was


an international trophy and we understand now that the search for


it has become an international search.


Above all, this was a triumph for the Christian Democrats of the West,


offering reunification as quickly as possible and that's what the voters


want. This is boob World News Today. I'm


Alpa Patel. The headlines: French police say a man shot dead at a


Paris Airport after trying to grab a soldier's gun was already known to


the Intelligence Services. At least 72 people are now known to


have died in Peru's worst flooding and mudslides for two decades.


Scotland's First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, has insisted there will be


another independence referendum, saying the wishes of the Scottish


Parliament must and will prevail. She was speaking at her Party


Conference in the city of Aberdeen. The former Prime Minister, Gordon


Brown, has also entered the debate, calling for the Scottish Parliament


to be given more powers while maintaining cooperation with


Westminster. Nicola Sturgeon excited her party


conference with a defiant message, indirectly at Theresa May


and her refusal to allow She has time to think again,


and I hope she does. If her concern is timing,


then, within reason, But let the Prime Minister be in no


doubt, the will of our Parliament The Tories' reluctance to allow


Scotland a choice isn't They are now terrified of


the verdict of the Scottish people. Striding into the middle


of the argument today, I fear for bitter, acrimonious


debate over perhaps two years, And I fear we are now seeing people


entrenched into extreme positions. If new powers over agriculture


and fishing, VAT rates and the right to conclude international trade


treaties were devolved to Scotland, he thinks there wouldn't need to be


a vote on full independence. His interventions in the last


Scottish referendum were influential, but he's been


accused of not delivering In 2014 during the independence


referendum you said if Scotland voted No we would be living in close


to what would be a federal state. I said the federal powers


I was proposing were welfare powers, employment powers, environmental


powers, taxation powers. You said as close to a federal state


as we could be within the UK. Yes because I think the UK now has


to change, at that time I think it was impossible to envisage big


regional devolution in England, Nicola Sturgeon will not sign off


on anything less than a vote Let's get some sport.


Football's Premier League first, because Arsene Wenger has made a


decision regarding his Arsenal future and says he'll announce his


plans very soon. Everything is pointing to his


20-year tenure coming to an end. They lost at West Brom, 3-1, a


fourth league defeat in five matches. Don't worry, I know what I


will do in my future, so you will soon know...


REPORTER: Soon? Very soon. I don't think today I do not need to tell


you. We are in a unique place, we lose game after game at the moment


and it's for me much more important than my future. Chelsea are 13


points clear. Gary Cahill scored the winner


in the 87th minute. Willian had given the Blues the lead


but Cahill fouled Mark Walters in the box and the Stoke striker


equalised from the spot. They couldn't hang on for the draw


though as Chaill made amends. Tottenham and Manchester City both


have matches tomorrow in which they can cut reduce the gap


to 10 points but with ten games to go, Chelsea are looking


very good for the title. The other results in


the Premier League saw Leicester Everton beat Hull City 4-0 -


Romelu Lukaku scored Troy Deeney scored an own


gaol as Watford lost Sunderland and Burnley was goalless,


and Bournemouth beat Swansea 2-0. Real Madrid have increased


their lead at the top of the Spanish Primera Division


to five points with a 2-1 victory Ayebar played out a 1-1


draw with Espanyol. In the German Bundesliga,


Bayern Munich didn't even play on Saturday but were the big


beneficiaries as second placed RB Lipe-zig lost


3-0 at Werder Bremen. It means victory for the champions


on Sunday when they travel to Borussia Moenchoengladbach


would put them 13 points clear as they go in search


of a 5th successive title In Italy's Serie A, Torino were 2-1


winners at home over Inter, lifting them to 9th,


while the visitors missed In the next 30 minutes,


Milan could move 6th To Rugby Union, where


the Six Nations Championship have missed the chance


of securing the Grand Slam, England had already


won the Championship, and were aiming to remain unbeaten


during the campaign, as well as set a new world record


in consecutive Test wins. But they failed to score a try


and lost 13-9 to Ireland in Dublin. Scotland won a third match


in the same campaign for the first time since 2006 to send departing


coach Vern Cotter out Their four tries brought Scotland's


tally for the championship to 14, surpassing their record of 11


from last year for Defeat was a 12th Six Nations


loss in a row for Italy, who finish with the Wooden Spoon


for a 12th time in 18 seasons. After a marathon ending that went


20 minutes past the 80 minute mark, France have controversially


won their final match of this year's tournament against Wales 20-18


at the Stade de France. It took a French try in the 100th


minute for them to claim a victory that involved a period of nearly


20 continuous minutes of scrummaging and penalties that many described


as farcical meaning France finish Medical researchers have discovered


the world's healthiest hearts - and they belong to a group


of hunter-gatherers in Bolivia. A study published in the Lancet


found that two-thirds of the Tsimane people have


unclogged arteries even in old age, probably due to frequent exercise,


and a diet rich in lean meat, A little earlier, I spoke to one


of the researchers Dr Gregory Thomas from Long


Beach Memorial medical He explained why they have


such healthy hearts. They have none of the risk factors


that we have. They follow a low-fat diet and they don't smoke. They


spend half of their day exercising. What is it about their lifestyles in


comparison with ours, for instance, here in the UK and US that's so


different? Well, each family's responsible for hunting, fishing and


growing their own food, so rather than going to the store, they go to


their fields to farm and they go out to hunt and the men generally go out


in the morning to hunt, they can spend all day and go 15 kilometres,


for example, on a hunt and bring home the dinner. And so they


exercise a huge amount. Men exercising for the equivalent of


17,000 steps every day and women 16,000 steps a day.


What is it about their diets, for instance, that differ from ours?


It's certainly all organic and the meat is very lean, so the meat they


eat actually is 20% wild game which is particularly quite lean. If a


species was slow, they are going to be shot with their shotgun or bow


and arrow, so they're lean, they eat about 20% wild game and 10% fish,


the rest they grow. They grow banana, rice and corn, so they're


all organic. They'll generally grow what they've grown in the fields,


put it in a pot and grow it or cook it up as stew and pop in whatever


they've hunted in terms of meat and fish and that will be their dinner


for example. What do you think are the key lessons we can learn from


the Tsimane? They practise high-dose exercise, much higher than we can do


if we have a job that's not physically active and low dose fat


and saturated fat. If we can double the number of steps we do a day and


decrease the saturated fat, we can Slow down the effects that it has on


the heart and we could be like them. Tell me about the people? It's a


town where the people live, with no roads. It's a canoe that you use to


get around to the jungle to the forest where they live. It's pretty


dramatic. It's not often you do that.


Fascinating story. Good evening. A breezy night for all


parts of the UK but also a mild night. We have a broad warm sector




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