14/04/2017 World News Today


14/04/2017

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America defends its decision to drop a huge bomb on Islamic State

:00:00.:00:12.

militants in Afghanistan, and says the operation

:00:13.:00:14.

The enemy had created tunnels and extensive minefields and this weapon

:00:15.:00:26.

was used to reduce those obstacles. Another battle against IS -

:00:27.:00:29.

Iraqi forces meet fierce resistance as they close

:00:30.:00:31.

in on the Old City of Mosul. Is North Korea's leader preparing

:00:32.:00:35.

for another nuclear missile test? China warns tensions

:00:36.:00:40.

are so high conflict And Canada is a step closer

:00:41.:00:43.

to legalising cannabis It was the right

:00:44.:00:49.

weapon for the target. America's most senior military

:00:50.:01:14.

commander in Afghanistan has defended the decision to drop a huge

:01:15.:01:17.

bomb on Islamic State militants in a remote area

:01:18.:01:20.

in the east of the country. This is the first time the US

:01:21.:01:27.

has deployed in combat the Massive Ordinance

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Air Blast bomb, referred to as 'the

:01:31.:01:36.

Mother of All Bombs'. The Afghan government

:01:37.:01:38.

says 36 militants were killed and no civilians,

:01:39.:01:39.

although the Islamic State A remote valley in a room or

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country. 11 tonnes of high explosive

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dropped on an Isis tunnel complex in the mountains

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of eastern Afghanistan. The weapon used is called a BOAB

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or a massive ordnance air burst, also known as

:01:58.:02:05.

the mother of all bombs. This was its first

:02:06.:02:07.

time used in combat. This was the right weapon

:02:08.:02:10.

against the right target. We will continue to work shoulder

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to shoulder with our Afghan comrades to eliminate this threat

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to the Afghan people, especially the people

:02:21.:02:23.

in Kandahar and the people in the entire region and the people

:02:24.:02:26.

around the world. Local villagers confirmed that Isis

:02:27.:02:29.

fighters had set up bases in the mountains behind them

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and said the bomb had hit its target, but the strike

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was condemned by so-called Islamic State

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and the Afghan former president. How could the United States

:02:41.:02:49.

use Afghanistan as its For testing weapons of mass

:02:50.:02:51.

destruction on our soil? President Trump's targets now

:02:52.:03:00.

include three major problem areas for the US, Afghanistan,

:03:01.:03:04.

Syria and North Korea. The massive weapon that the Pentagon

:03:05.:03:07.

has used in Afghanistan has intended to send a message

:03:08.:03:12.

to its enemies, you're not safe In Syria, the Trump Administration

:03:13.:03:15.

will be hoping that that last week's cruise missile strike will deter

:03:16.:03:23.

President Assad from any further Mr Trump is hoping sending this

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powerful naval armada off shore will deter

:03:26.:03:35.

further nuclear tests. The question is can you manage

:03:36.:03:38.

three global crisis It is very possible that if these

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three scenarios come together, Syria, Afghanistan and

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North Korea, that it would overwhelm the policy-making capabilities

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of Mr Trump's Administration. planning capabilities

:03:48.:03:54.

of the Pentagon and it resource capabilities

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of the US military. President Trump and his entourage

:03:59.:04:00.

now feel they are on a roll, tackling head on the foreign

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policy challenges the previous administration was

:04:04.:04:06.

unable to resolve. There is now the risk that racking

:04:07.:04:14.

up the rhetoric could lead America into new conflict or in the absence

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of any swift resolutions, Mr Trump will turn his back on foreign

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adventures and focus instead on Joining me from our Washington

:04:21.:04:23.

studio is Doctor Kamran Bokhari from George Washington University's

:04:24.:04:31.

Program on Extremism. Thank you for joining us. Let's

:04:32.:04:40.

start with the ball itself. The general described this as the right

:04:41.:04:46.

weapon for the target. What do you make of this? I think that is pretty

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accurate. He would not be using a $15 million a piece weapon

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frivolously. Or just to send a message or Telegraph something to

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the North Koreans or the Russians. I think there was significant

:05:04.:05:06.

intelligence about the identity of the people who were in this complex.

:05:07.:05:11.

That they were high level operatives of Isis and there is the logistics.

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What kind of weapon will be used in a decisive strike and lead to the

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outcome that is desired? How significant was the target area? We

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are talking about 300 metre long network of caves and tunnels. How

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significant was that link this location? -- heading this location?

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We do not have much intelligence on it but if the decision was taken to

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use this weapon, it means that there was a significant complex that could

:05:48.:05:54.

not be taken out by any other weapon, at least not in a decisive

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weight. Of course the people inside were not low level operatives, they

:06:02.:06:04.

had to be senior officials who were actually involved in the planning of

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attacks on other countries. Let's focus on those operatives, Isis has

:06:13.:06:16.

been operating in Afghanistan since 2015. We know so much about them in

:06:17.:06:23.

Iraq and Syria. We have to keep in mind that Isis did not walk or

:06:24.:06:29.

travel from its core car to Afghanistan. The Isis in

:06:30.:06:35.

Afghanistan, like any other country, Bangladesh or somewhere in Africa,

:06:36.:06:38.

consists of local actors who have joined Isis on their own. They were

:06:39.:06:44.

there and they had their own presence. They just switched sides.

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They were likely former Taliban or I chi leader. Or both. They had the

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wherewithal to support the Isis cause. -- Al-Qaeda leader. Isis may

:06:57.:07:04.

have given them some assistance. Therefore, this is a formidable

:07:05.:07:08.

presence. They have demonstrated their ability to target capital. If

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you have the intelligence, you do not sit on it, you act on it. A lot

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is being said about Donald Trump cosmic strategy or a lack of it. --

:07:20.:07:25.

Donald Trump's strategy or a lack of it. Is there is strategy or are

:07:26.:07:30.

these one of strikes? We talk about strategy. We have to keep in mind

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that a change in Government, in terms of the new political party

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taking office or new head of state, does not mean there will be a new

:07:40.:07:44.

strategy. Yes, there will be new ideas that will be brought to the

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table through the new staff of the president trying to deal with the

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same problems that their predecessors were struggling with.

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That's something to bear in mind when we talk about strategy. At this

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point, there is no good strategy. There are a set of options that most

:08:01.:08:08.

of them are on it a sliding scale of bad to worse. This is a very

:08:09.:08:13.

difficult situation and it does not matter whether Trump is in office or

:08:14.:08:17.

if Hillary Clinton had been collected, she would have faced the

:08:18.:08:22.

same problem. You take it one day at the time and hence the one off

:08:23.:08:29.

strikes and you deal with it not in a... But in a fashion that makes

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sense for the reality on the ground as it falls. A sliding scale of bad

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to worse. We are going to leave it there but thank you very much for

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your expertise. Let's turn to Iraq now

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where government forces are also Iraqi authorities have told

:08:47.:08:48.

the residents of Mosul to remain indoors as security forces begin

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encircling the Old City, before Our Defence Correspondent Jonathan

:08:53.:08:54.

Beale reports from the front line. The old city of Mosul

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and its most famous landmark, the leaning minaret

:09:10.:09:12.

of the Al Nuri Mosque. This is where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

:09:13.:09:17.

where first appeared as leader of the so-called

:09:18.:09:24.

Islamic State. They still control it,

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most of what you can see. We know the enemy is weak

:09:29.:09:30.

and on its last legs. A visit to the front line, though,

:09:31.:09:42.

tells a different story. For the past few weeks,

:09:43.:09:50.

the Iraqi advance Well, these the federal police

:09:51.:09:52.

are surrounded on two sides by IS and they are firing

:09:53.:10:00.

on their positions. The IS snipers just

:10:01.:10:09.

10 metres from this You can see the rounds,

:10:10.:10:11.

the IS rounds coming in here pretty Tens of thousands of civilians

:10:12.:10:16.

are still trapped, caught Much of Mosul has already

:10:17.:10:24.

been turned to rubble. Even in these deserted

:10:25.:10:28.

streets, recently secured,

:10:29.:10:38.

there is just the debris of war. Here discarded IS uniforms

:10:39.:10:44.

and nearby one of But the enemy is not

:10:45.:10:46.

just hiding in the city. We joined an Iraqi intelligence

:10:47.:10:51.

unit hunting down IS infiltrators and collaborators

:10:52.:10:53.

who have already escaped. Now seeking shelter

:10:54.:10:57.

and avoiding capture in camps, living alongside

:10:58.:11:00.

the innocents of this war

:11:01.:11:11.

who fled the fighting. In the camp or in his

:11:12.:11:13.

house, in Mosul. The extremists may be

:11:14.:11:28.

losing their grip on Mosul, but even if they are defeated,

:11:29.:11:33.

IS will not have gone away. North Korea has vowed to mount

:11:34.:11:41.

a "merciless" response to any US provocation following comments

:11:42.:11:44.

from President Donald Trump that the isolated regime's nuclear

:11:45.:11:49.

weapons programme "will be dealt Meanwhile, Pyongyang

:11:50.:11:51.

is thought to be preparing parade tomorrow at which its latest

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missile technology Our reporter John Sudworth

:11:56.:12:00.

is with a group of foreign journalists invited

:12:01.:12:04.

to witness the event. In North Korea, the spectre of war

:12:05.:12:10.

looms large over daily life. These girls are singing

:12:11.:12:19.

about being soldiers. While, not far away,

:12:20.:12:24.

real ones crowd into a shrine to the country's founding president,

:12:25.:12:27.

General Kim Il-sung. These are scenes akin

:12:28.:12:33.

to a religious pilgrimage. But of course in honour

:12:34.:12:47.

of a still ruling family their disposal all of the myths that

:12:48.:12:50.

would rival any of the world's great And as the country prepares

:12:51.:12:54.

to display its devotion at the anniversary of Kim Il-Sung's

:12:55.:13:03.

birth this weekend there is an awareness of the rising

:13:04.:13:12.

tension with America. If we do not have

:13:13.:13:21.

the nuclear weapons, the nuclear weapons of another

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country will come on our soil. It doesn't matter whether Americans,

:13:25.:13:27.

they make the situation on It doesn't matter, we feel safe

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because we have the great This week, the current ruler

:13:31.:13:33.

Kim Jong-un held this meeting where his late

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grandfather was honoured. He is also thought to be

:13:58.:13:59.

planning a massive military parade as a powerful tribute

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and a message of defiance. This is a country where

:14:02.:14:03.

art and armaments are blended in singular purpose,

:14:04.:14:06.

to demonstrate to the watching world that its nuclear ambitions

:14:07.:14:08.

will not be stopped. Let's bring you up-to-date with some

:14:09.:14:14.

of the other news. A vigil is being held in Lagos

:14:15.:14:16.

to mark the three years since the mass abduction of more

:14:17.:14:19.

than 270 schoolgirls Rallies have also been held to urge

:14:20.:14:26.

the government to increase Most of the girls who were abducted

:14:27.:14:31.

from the town of Chibok A Japanese woman who murdered three

:14:32.:14:36.

lovers faces execution after the Supreme Court

:14:37.:14:42.

rejected her final appeal. Kanae Kijima poisoned all three men

:14:43.:14:44.

with carbon monoxide after giving It could take years for the hanging

:14:45.:14:46.

of Kijima, who has married twice since being caught,

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to be carried out. New Zealand is cleaning up

:14:59.:15:00.

after avoiding the worst of a powerful storm that swept

:15:01.:15:02.

across the country. Cyclone Cook caused landslides,

:15:03.:15:05.

uprooted trees,forced road closures and left thousands

:15:06.:15:06.

of homes without power. But the storm moved quickly down

:15:07.:15:08.

the country, easing fears of prolonged rain

:15:09.:15:11.

flooding low-lying areas. Several thousand people have

:15:12.:15:32.

been evacuated from four Ben James has been following this

:15:33.:15:34.

story and reports from Beirut. Ready to move after

:15:35.:15:40.

a series of delays. Ambulances and buses are taking

:15:41.:15:42.

civilians and fighters from the Foua and Kefraya are

:15:43.:15:45.

held by the government. Another, Zabadani,

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is also part of the deal. It is thought people

:15:50.:15:56.

there will begin to be moved All four towns have been

:15:57.:15:58.

under siege for more than But many people did not

:15:59.:16:02.

want to leave their homes. We do know know what

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to say at this time. You feel like you're

:16:06.:16:11.

leaving your land. We are leaving our lives,

:16:12.:16:13.

our hopes our future, our memories, The UN has described

:16:14.:16:15.

the humanitarian situation as Activists shared footage last year

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that appears to show people eating grass and leaves

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from trees to survive. People from the Government towns

:16:23.:16:28.

were taken to this opposition held area near Aleppo,

:16:29.:16:38.

ahead of their onward journey. Critics say starvation is being used

:16:39.:16:40.

as a tactic to force deals like this and redraw

:16:41.:16:43.

the sectarian map of Syria in the President Assad insists he sees

:16:44.:16:46.

the movement as temporary. It is expected 30,000 people will be

:16:47.:16:55.

moved in this latest deal, the largest

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of its kind so far. Police in Israel say a Palestinian

:16:59.:17:02.

man has fatally stabbed a British The attack took place

:17:03.:17:04.

near the Old City where Christians The violence occurred at a time

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of heightened security because of the Jewish Passover

:17:11.:17:18.

holiday and the Christian Easter. Our correspondent Tom

:17:19.:17:21.

Bateman has the details. The police and the security agency

:17:22.:17:23.

Shin Bet here have said that it was a 57-year-old man who lived

:17:24.:17:28.

in a Palestinian neighbourhood east They say he has been recently

:17:29.:17:30.

released from a psychiatric hospital and suggested he had

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previous criminal convictions. That may shed some light

:17:41.:17:42.

at the early stage of this investigation

:17:43.:17:45.

as to what went on. In terms of this attack

:17:46.:17:51.

itself, we know that this woman was attacked

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on It was running on part

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of the line just outside Jerusalem's old city when this woman

:17:56.:18:01.

was repeatedly stabbed this morning. There was an attempt

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to resuscitate her and Two other people were much

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less seriously hurt. A 30-year-old woman who is pregnant

:18:07.:18:10.

and a 50-year-old man. It seems either in

:18:11.:18:17.

a panic to get away when the tram stopped,

:18:18.:18:19.

perhaps rather suddenly. Some more details are now

:18:20.:18:21.

emerging about this. heightened security at this time

:18:22.:18:27.

of year in Jerusalem, with authorities aware of

:18:28.:18:33.

the fact that many more It is the Jewish Passover week

:18:34.:18:40.

which means many people in the old city itself and Christian pilgrims

:18:41.:18:45.

heading for Easter festivities, too. And has been hurled. Blasphemy is

:18:46.:18:58.

punishable by death in Pakistan but the incident has shocked many. A

:18:59.:19:05.

quiet dignified funeral begins for a young student whose life was so

:19:06.:19:12.

brutally brought to an end. His father buries his son. The latest

:19:13.:19:17.

victim to be accused of larceny and then curled in Pakistan. -- killed.

:19:18.:19:25.

In this country, there is no freedom of expression. We have killed my son

:19:26.:19:35.

and then left the blame on him. I am his father. He used to sit at home

:19:36.:19:41.

and speak lovingly about the message of Prophet Muhammad. He had been

:19:42.:19:46.

studying at the University. Yesterday, a mob of hundreds of

:19:47.:19:51.

young men rampaged through the campus, accusing him of spreading

:19:52.:19:56.

blasphemy on line. This is his room where he tried to hide from the mob.

:19:57.:20:02.

You can still see on the walls philosophical quotes he had written

:20:03.:20:05.

up. From his Windows years he would have seen the mob as they came down

:20:06.:20:13.

the path. -- window here. Eventually, they found him. They

:20:14.:20:18.

kicked him and beat him and shot him. They dragged him downstairs and

:20:19.:20:24.

continued to beat him. All films on video is too horrific to show. Long

:20:25.:20:30.

after he was dead, they continued to attack his body. They wanted to set

:20:31.:20:35.

his dead body ablaze but the police took action and his dead body was

:20:36.:20:41.

protected. The university has been closed indefinitely and a number of

:20:42.:20:47.

arrests have been made. Close to 70 people have been murdered in

:20:48.:20:51.

Pakistan after being accused of blasphemy in the past years. This

:20:52.:20:55.

has shocked many but there has not been the outrage from Government

:20:56.:21:02.

officials one might expect. I want justice for my country and I want it

:21:03.:21:07.

so that nothing like this happens to any other child. They did not just

:21:08.:21:13.

attack my son but by doing it in the university, the challenge the state.

:21:14.:21:18.

The state should ensure justice. -- ensure justice. He described himself

:21:19.:21:26.

as a humanist. Many are sharing his writings on line.

:21:27.:21:33.

Police in Italy have arrested a Mafia boss who absconded from prison

:21:34.:21:41.

last year. He had been serving a life sentence for murder and drug

:21:42.:21:49.

trafficking. Police followed his wife and spotted him preparing a

:21:50.:21:51.

barbecue outside a flat in Tuscany. The Canadian Government has

:21:52.:22:01.

introduced legislation that would legalise marijuana next year. It

:22:02.:22:06.

would become only the second country after you require it to legalise the

:22:07.:22:08.

drug as a consumer product. On Thursday at the Prime Minister

:22:09.:22:26.

fulfilled his campaign promise and introduced legislation to legalise

:22:27.:22:30.

marijuana in the name of safety. If your objective is to protect public

:22:31.:22:36.

health and safety and keep cannabis out of the hands of miners and stop

:22:37.:22:43.

the flow of profits to illegal crime, then the law that stands

:22:44.:22:48.

today has been an abject failure. The Government says its plan to

:22:49.:22:51.

regulate the sale of marijuana will keep kids away from it and stop

:22:52.:22:57.

money going to organised criminals. The proposed legislation which has

:22:58.:23:02.

introduced today seeks to legalise, strictly regulate and restrict

:23:03.:23:06.

access to cannabis and it will make Canada safer. It will impose serious

:23:07.:23:12.

criminal penalties that provide cannabis to young people, create an

:23:13.:23:18.

illegal market to cannabis and it will protect public health through

:23:19.:23:25.

strict requirements for safety and quality. It would set the minimum

:23:26.:23:31.

legal age for use at 13. Individual Robinsons will be able to raise the

:23:32.:23:39.

age. -- regions. They will be able to possess 30 grams of dried

:23:40.:23:44.

marijuana. There will be tougher penalties for selling to miners and

:23:45.:23:49.

harsher penalties for those using cannabis and driving. Crossing the

:23:50.:23:54.

US border after smoking pot, there are still some areas that need

:23:55.:23:59.

ironing out. Every Saltburn country has the ability to make the

:24:00.:24:03.

decisions for themselves. -- Saltburn country. It should be

:24:04.:24:09.

decided by Canada day. More and more companies are being

:24:10.:24:25.

encouraged to bring their pet to work. What are the pitfalls? My

:24:26.:24:33.

colleague has been finding out. Brooke, Reggie Max and Peggy our

:24:34.:24:39.

office buddies. The foreign's pets at work scheme has proved so popular

:24:40.:24:45.

that 100 dogs will have passed an assessment to gain their own staff

:24:46.:24:49.

passed by the end of the year. People did wonder how many dogs

:24:50.:24:53.

would be coming into the office and whether we would have large numbers

:24:54.:24:58.

roaming the office. On any given day, we have a total of 25 dogs in

:24:59.:25:04.

an office of 1000 people and it is very rare to hear a dog bark in the

:25:05.:25:08.

office but they are there if you want to go and find one to pet. We

:25:09.:25:14.

do not just relieve stress and help build office camaraderie. It has

:25:15.:25:18.

helped to meet make friends. They come and talk to me. They do not

:25:19.:25:22.

know my name but the note my dog. What about that time when she needs

:25:23.:25:27.

to go to the toilet? She starts to get up and places a little bit. We

:25:28.:25:33.

have had the odd accident in the past. Dog daycare is ?30 a day and I

:25:34.:25:39.

have three of them. For me it is a big saving. Have there ever been any

:25:40.:25:44.

other fall outs with any other dogs? Not that I have seen. They love

:25:45.:25:49.

chasing each other around the park and the odd bar. A good idea or a

:25:50.:25:57.

bad idea? I am going to regret asking. Tell

:25:58.:26:01.

A cloudy day across parts of the country. Some rain as well. A fresh

:26:02.:26:17.

feel to the

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