09/04/2017 World News Today


09/04/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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I'm Samantha Simmonds with BBC World News.

:00:00.:00:00.

Egypt's president declares a three-month state of emergency.

:00:00.:00:08.

It comes after 45 people were killed in two bomb attacks

:00:09.:00:11.

Thousands attend a vigil against terrorism in Stockholm,

:00:12.:00:17.

as a British man, Chris Bevington, is named as one of the four people

:00:18.:00:21.

This is where the truck ended up, smashed against a department store

:00:22.:00:37.

window. People have been coming to write messages of hope and defiance

:00:38.:00:40.

on the boards and there have been more tributes to the victims.

:00:41.:00:42.

Marking the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge,

:00:43.:00:45.

members of the British Royal Family attend a special commemoration

:00:46.:00:47.

And: the Turkish Airlines flight that landed with more passengers

:00:48.:00:52.

The Egyptian President, Abdul Fattah al Sisi, has announced

:00:53.:01:15.

a state of emergency, following two bomb attacks

:01:16.:01:18.

The attacks on two churches were deliberately timed for a day

:01:19.:01:25.

when millions of Christians in the country were attending

:01:26.:01:28.

services to mark Palm Sunday, one week before Easter.

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So-called Islamic State say it was responsible for the blasts

:01:33.:01:37.

- the latest in a series of attacks on Egypt's Christian minority.

:01:38.:01:40.

29 people were killed in the first explosion in the Nile

:01:41.:01:43.

While 16 more died in the second attack in Alexandria.

:01:44.:01:50.

This report from our Middle East Correspondent, Yolande Knell.

:01:51.:01:53.

Egyptian Christians had gathered to celebrate one

:01:54.:01:54.

But this Palm Sunday brought violence.

:01:55.:02:02.

The first deadly explosion was during mass at St

:02:03.:02:04.

George's Church in Tanta, leaving blood everywhere,

:02:05.:02:08.

Just hours later there was another attack here,

:02:09.:02:15.

This time just outside the church, the dead included police officers

:02:16.:02:22.

who had stopped the suicide bomber from entering.

:02:23.:02:25.

The head of Egypt's Coptic Church, Pope Tawadros, had already left.

:02:26.:02:33.

In Rome, at Palm Sunday prayers, Pope Francis condemned the bombings.

:02:34.:02:35.

He's due to visit Egypt later this month.

:02:36.:02:43.

A recent upsurge in attacks on Egypt's Coptic Christians

:02:44.:02:46.

They are one of the oldest Christian communities in the world

:02:47.:02:50.

and they make up one in ten of the country's mainly

:02:51.:02:53.

In February hundreds fled the Sinai region following a threat

:02:54.:02:57.

from the so-called Islamic State group which also claimed

:02:58.:03:01.

And in December, nearly 30 were killed in this

:03:02.:03:08.

Coptic leaders say Christians feel increasingly threatened.

:03:09.:03:14.

I'm very blessed to be part of a church that has

:03:15.:03:17.

faced discrimination systematically for decades.

:03:18.:03:20.

And the response to that has always been quite gracious,

:03:21.:03:25.

And I pray this continues, because if we get into a spiral

:03:26.:03:32.

of violence more and more people will get hurt.

:03:33.:03:35.

Egypt's government says the latest attacks are another failed attempt

:03:36.:03:38.

to destroy national unity by causing religious tensions.

:03:39.:03:44.

But Coptic Christians, grieving once again,

:03:45.:03:46.

say much more needs to be done to make them feel safe

:03:47.:03:50.

For more on these attacks, I'm joined by Doctor

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He's a nonresident fellow at the Atlantic Council and

:03:58.:04:00.

the Royal United Services Institute in London, as well as author

:04:01.:04:03.

of A Revolution Undone: Egypt's Road Beyond Revolt.

:04:04.:04:13.

Thank you very much for joining us. Tell us more about this state of

:04:14.:04:19.

emergency. Wendy you expect it to come into force and how do you think

:04:20.:04:24.

it will work? I think it comes into force immediately. How it actually

:04:25.:04:29.

works is a question that is as yet unanswered. I am not sure what the

:04:30.:04:33.

precise stipulations are going to be. The government is able under a

:04:34.:04:39.

state news and see to do a number of different things. It's not clear

:04:40.:04:42.

what they are going to do. -- a state of emergency. There has not

:04:43.:04:46.

been any discussion around, for example curfews. They could easily

:04:47.:04:50.

implement that but so far it hasn't been raised. There are different

:04:51.:04:57.

effects that apply to the legal code but, as yet, it doesn't seem to be

:04:58.:05:00.

entirely clear what they are going to change from what the status quo

:05:01.:05:07.

is. What do you think will need to change to protect the 9 million

:05:08.:05:10.

Coptic Christians in the country? There are two things. First, I think

:05:11.:05:16.

it's about protecting Egyptians en masse, not just Coptic Christians,

:05:17.:05:20.

because the whole country is at risk of militant attacks from terrorist

:05:21.:05:24.

groups. What is specific that these attacks today is that they targeted

:05:25.:05:30.

the Christian community, in particular, in Tanta and Alexandria,

:05:31.:05:32.

and that comes after the declaration earlier this year of an increased

:05:33.:05:41.

targeting of Christians in Egypt by Isis, by Daesh. I think that's

:05:42.:05:46.

likely to continue. They've been singled out for targets by these

:05:47.:05:49.

radical groups. Having said that, I'm not sure what can be done in

:05:50.:05:55.

order to completely defend against such activities taking place. We saw

:05:56.:05:59.

in Westminster that it's impossible to completely eliminate the risk of

:06:00.:06:04.

terrorism. We've seem in Stockholm and other places around the world.

:06:05.:06:10.

The question that remains is, particularly when it came to Tanta,

:06:11.:06:14.

there are questions relating to whether or not there was a security

:06:15.:06:17.

breach that was a result of some sort of failure within the system.

:06:18.:06:25.

The head of security in that area, where Tanta is located, was

:06:26.:06:29.

dismissed by the state today. That seems to indicate that some sort of

:06:30.:06:34.

breach had taken place. With Alexandria, that's very different.

:06:35.:06:37.

There was a huge security presence and seven police officers, men and

:06:38.:06:42.

women, died as a result of their efforts to try and keep the suicide

:06:43.:06:46.

bomber out of the church. They succeeded in doing that but they

:06:47.:06:50.

lost their lives in the process and other people were killed at the end

:06:51.:06:54.

of the day, there are certain things you can do security wise to minimise

:06:55.:06:57.

the risk of attacks, but very little that I think you can do to

:06:58.:07:03.

completely obliterated the risk of attacks. Thank you very much for

:07:04.:07:04.

your thoughts. 20,000 people have gathered

:07:05.:07:12.

in central Stockholm for a "lovefest" vigil to remember

:07:13.:07:14.

the victims of Friday's Swedish police say the Uzbek suspect

:07:15.:07:16.

was facing deportation and had expressed sympathy

:07:17.:07:19.

with extremists groups. Talented, compassionate and caring,

:07:20.:07:35.

Chris Bevington in the words of his father. He chose to marry and to

:07:36.:07:40.

call Sweden home. He had young children and worked for the music

:07:41.:07:45.

company Spotify. He was here, in Stockholm's crowded shopping streets

:07:46.:07:49.

on Friday afternoon when a hijacked truck was turned into a weapon. A

:07:50.:07:53.

Belgian, and to Swedish citizens were also killed. Today,

:07:54.:07:58.

investigators revealed more about the man they think was at the wheel.

:07:59.:08:04.

We know the suspect showed sympathies for extremist

:08:05.:08:08.

organisations, says the police chief. Among them, Islamic State. He

:08:09.:08:15.

is a 39-year-old from Uzbekistan, although he hasn't been officially

:08:16.:08:19.

named. He was on the security services' radar but they say he was

:08:20.:08:23.

a marginal figure. His application to stay in Sweden was turned down

:08:24.:08:26.

last summer and police were looking for him because he had avoided being

:08:27.:08:31.

deported. This is where the truck ended up, smashed against a

:08:32.:08:34.

department store window. People have been coming to write messages of

:08:35.:08:38.

hope and defiance on the boards, and they have been more tributes to the

:08:39.:08:39.

victims, too. Just yards away, a vigil, a chance

:08:40.:08:51.

to share feelings and try and make sense of them. Sadness, anger, fear

:08:52.:08:58.

of what might happen next. Quite emotional. I'm very sad, very angry,

:08:59.:09:03.

but at the same time it's quite wonderful how people come together.

:09:04.:09:05.

We stand here in solidarity, not just with those in Stockholm, but

:09:06.:09:14.

around the world, with everyone. We need to feel the love and that we

:09:15.:09:19.

are together in this and not afraid. There is pride as well in the

:09:20.:09:23.

response so far. Spontaneous applause. Home's police officers and

:09:24.:09:27.

a challenge to those who threaten the way of life here. -- some

:09:28.:09:37.

spontaneous applause for Stockholm's police officers. This is a good

:09:38.:09:42.

picture of how Sweden reacted. A display of multiculturalism,

:09:43.:09:46.

kindness and tolerance, things which people recognise could now face a

:09:47.:09:47.

threat. The US Secretary of State,

:09:48.:09:49.

Rex Tillerson, has criticised Russia for failing to prevent last week's

:09:50.:09:51.

poison gas attack Mr Tillerson did not accuse Moscow

:09:52.:09:53.

of involvement in the attack but he said he would discuss

:09:54.:09:57.

Russia's international obligations on chemical weapons when he visits

:09:58.:09:59.

the country on Tuesday.He also clarified there is no change

:10:00.:10:05.

in the US policy towards Syria. I think the President was very

:10:06.:10:10.

clear in his message This strike was related

:10:11.:10:13.

solely to the most recent, horrific use of chemical weapons

:10:14.:10:16.

against women, children and as the President

:10:17.:10:21.

said, even small babies. The strike was a message to Assad

:10:22.:10:24.

that your multiple violations of agreements at the UN and under

:10:25.:10:29.

the Chemical Weapons Charter in 2013, that those would not go

:10:30.:10:32.

without a response in the future and we are asking Russia

:10:33.:10:39.

to fulfil its commitment and we are calling on Assad to cease

:10:40.:10:43.

the use of these weapons. Other than that, there is no

:10:44.:10:47.

change to our military. David Willis is in

:10:48.:10:53.

Washington for us. The US Secretary of State not

:10:54.:11:04.

exactly trying to smooth a path ahead of his visit to Moscow, easy?

:11:05.:11:14.

-- is he. Harsh criticism of Russia following the chemical weapons

:11:15.:11:17.

attack last week, none of it harsher than that from the United States and

:11:18.:11:22.

from the US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson. He went back to

:11:23.:11:25.

criticising Russia today on the Sunday talk shows. Particularly

:11:26.:11:31.

saying that Russia was complicit, if you like, although he didn't go

:11:32.:11:36.

quite that far, in this chemical weapons attack, by failing to see

:11:37.:11:41.

through the commitment it gave to the international community to lead

:11:42.:11:47.

to the ending of the chemical weapons programme in Syria. As far

:11:48.:11:51.

as that was concerned, Mr Tillerson said that Russia was either

:11:52.:11:55.

incompetent or outmanoeuvred. He is due to visit Moscow in the next few

:11:56.:12:00.

days, and he said he will be pressing Russia to live up to that

:12:01.:12:05.

commitment it gave to the international community, and he will

:12:06.:12:08.

also be urging Russia to re-examine its current relationship with the

:12:09.:12:12.

administration of Bashar al-Assad in Syria. The next few days, that

:12:13.:12:18.

meeting could also illuminate the sort of relationship the United

:12:19.:12:22.

States will have with Russia going forward. It's almost expansionary,

:12:23.:12:27.

just a few weeks ago, when he was first taking office, it looked as

:12:28.:12:35.

though, as far as the Trump administration was concerned, that

:12:36.:12:38.

Syria wasn't really America's problem, that China might turn out

:12:39.:12:41.

to be the enemy of Russia the friend. A few weeks later, a lot of

:12:42.:12:48.

that has changed, it seems. We also hear the winds of change from

:12:49.:12:53.

another President Trump's top advisers, his national security

:12:54.:12:55.

adviser, who was on one of the Sunday morning chat shows. He said

:12:56.:13:01.

with regards to Syria that the restriction will try and change the

:13:02.:13:05.

Assad regime and destroy Isis in Syria at the same time. That's a

:13:06.:13:12.

massive shift in policy. Yes, although it's been tempered slightly

:13:13.:13:15.

by remarks made by Tillerson. They are more or less in lockstep, these

:13:16.:13:21.

administration officials, but there is some daylight between their

:13:22.:13:24.

stances on these things. The American stance as far as Syria is

:13:25.:13:27.

concerned, administration officials are keen to point out that that

:13:28.:13:32.

remains unaltered, namely that American involvement in Syria is

:13:33.:13:37.

chiefly aimed at rooting out and destroying so-called Islamic State

:13:38.:13:43.

and, once that's achieved, then they plan to coordinate with the

:13:44.:13:48.

international community and seek to engineer the removal of Bashar

:13:49.:13:52.

al-Assad. But they are making the point that the cruise missile attack

:13:53.:13:58.

launched by America a couple of days ago was a one-off, and it doesn't

:13:59.:14:03.

change the basic policy, as far as the US is concerned in Syria.

:14:04.:14:06.

According to US media reports, Donald Trump's deputy

:14:07.:14:10.

national security adviser, KT McFarland, has been

:14:11.:14:12.

Ms McFarland, who previously worked for Fox News, had been

:14:13.:14:16.

The move comes days after Mr Trump removed his senior

:14:17.:14:23.

strategist Steve Bannon from the National Security Council.

:14:24.:14:26.

A car bomb attack targetting the new head of the Somali army has

:14:27.:14:29.

killed at least 13 people in the capital Mogadishu.

:14:30.:14:32.

A vehicle packed with explosives was driven towards a convoy carrying

:14:33.:14:34.

Mohamed Ahmed Jimale, who was only appointed last week.

:14:35.:14:38.

The car struck a packed minibus, which was destroyed.

:14:39.:14:41.

The Islamist group al-Shabab said it carried out the attack.

:14:42.:14:45.

Norway has raised its threat level, after the discovery of a home-made

:14:46.:14:48.

bomb in the capital Oslo late on Saturday.

:14:49.:14:50.

A 17-year-old Russian citizen has been detained in connection

:14:51.:14:54.

The authorities say the man was known to them,

:14:55.:14:58.

and had expressed support for Islamic State militants.

:14:59.:15:03.

Stay with us on BBC News, still to come:

:15:04.:15:08.

Can Sergio Garcia seal the deal? All the highlights from the Masters in

:15:09.:15:13.

Augusta. Years of hatred and rage, as they

:15:14.:15:39.

jump up on the statute. This became a massive demonstration of black

:15:40.:15:47.

power, the power to influence. Today is about the promise of a bright

:15:48.:15:52.

future, a day when we hope a line can be drawn under the bloody past.

:15:53.:16:06.

I think that Picasso's works were beautiful. They were intelligent and

:16:07.:16:13.

it's a sad loss to everybody who loves art.

:16:14.:16:24.

A state of emergency has been declared in Egypt after

:16:25.:16:31.

at least 40 people were killed in two separate attacks

:16:32.:16:33.

And Swedish police say the Uzbek man suspected of carrying out Friday's

:16:34.:16:39.

deadly lorry attack in Stockholm was wanted for deportation.

:16:40.:16:50.

Commemorations have been taking place in northern France to mark

:16:51.:16:52.

the centenary of the battle of Vimy Ridge.

:16:53.:16:54.

The four-day battle was one of the fiercest

:16:55.:16:56.

Thousands of Canadian forces under British command died.

:16:57.:16:59.

Duncan Kennedy reports from Vimy Ridge.

:17:00.:17:03.

It was the battle that defined a nation, in a conflict whose

:17:04.:17:06.

Today's commemoration at Vimy Ridge was a chance for Canada to remember

:17:07.:17:16.

those who fell here and those who rose to the

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The burden they bore and the country they made.

:17:20.:17:28.

Because this, too, is why we're here.

:17:29.:17:32.

More than 3500 Canadians died in the four days it took

:17:33.:17:42.

An event later described as the moment Canada came of age.

:17:43.:17:54.

Today, beneath a World War I fly-past, Prince William

:17:55.:17:57.

and Prince Harry laids boots and poppies, as symbols

:17:58.:18:00.

The Canadians at Vimy embodied the true north, strong and free.

:18:01.:18:18.

In nearby Arras, Scottish losses in the wider fight

:18:19.:18:21.

That he lay down his life for his friends.

:18:22.:18:33.

The daily rate of casualties was greater than at the Somme.

:18:34.:18:38.

Among those to die was 26-year-old Sergeant David Wood from Edinburgh.

:18:39.:18:43.

We would not be here without them, we would not be free to do

:18:44.:18:46.

They fought and died for us and we have got to remember

:18:47.:18:52.

There are no more combat veterans alive from the First World War.

:18:53.:19:02.

Vimy Ridge and Arras are among the final great

:19:03.:19:05.

acts of commemoration, to honour their sacrifice,

:19:06.:19:09.

mourn their loss, and remember their lives.

:19:10.:19:15.

Duncan Kennedy, BBC News at Vimy Ridge.

:19:16.:19:24.

The final round of The Masters is moving ahead at pace

:19:25.:19:31.

with a clutch of players well placed to win the Green Jacket

:19:32.:19:34.

The overnight leaders, the joint leaders, Justin Rose and Sergio

:19:35.:19:45.

Garcia, who went in on six under. Justin Rose remains six under

:19:46.:19:51.

through six. Sergio Garcia leads by two. Paul Casey, a fast mover, four

:19:52.:19:57.

under for his round today. He has a chance. Rickie Fowler, also an four

:19:58.:20:00.

under. Manchester United are now

:20:01.:20:01.

21 matches unbeaten in the English Premier League

:20:02.:20:03.

after they defeated bottom club Sunderland 3-0

:20:04.:20:05.

at the Stadium of Light. Zlatan Ibrahimovich opened

:20:06.:20:09.

the scoring on the half hour mark before Sunderland were reduced

:20:10.:20:11.

to 10 men when Sebastien Larsson Henrik Makahtarian doubled United's

:20:12.:20:14.

lead less than a minute after the break before

:20:15.:20:20.

Marcus Rashford added a 3rd late on moving

:20:21.:20:22.

Jose Mourinho's side up to 5th. We want to fight in the Premier

:20:23.:20:34.

League until it is not mathematically possible, but

:20:35.:20:38.

apparently we cannot win it. In the Europa League, we can. We have eight

:20:39.:20:44.

teams in competition and a quarterfinal, and it's a competition

:20:45.:20:50.

that we can win. During this match, we had lots of players that were not

:20:51.:20:55.

here today. And the most important thing was, after the three points,

:20:56.:20:57.

not have more injuries. The hardest thing when you are a

:20:58.:21:05.

manager is when you are losing all the time, and at the moment we are.

:21:06.:21:11.

That is hard. I have worked at teams which a won a lot of games, but at

:21:12.:21:15.

the moment it's tough, but it is tough for the players. They care,

:21:16.:21:19.

and at the moment we are not doing as well as we should be.

:21:20.:21:21.

Everton were 4-2 winners against Leicester with Belgium

:21:22.:21:25.

striker Romelu Lukaku collecting two.

:21:26.:21:26.

Leicester had been 2-1 up after ten minutes but were trailing

:21:27.:21:34.

by half-time as Lukaku made it 23 in the league so far this season,

:21:35.:21:37.

while Leicester lost their first match under

:21:38.:21:39.

Craig Shakespeare since he took over.

:21:40.:21:42.

We scored at 4-2 and then we controlled the game and had some

:21:43.:21:47.

great football. I think it's one of the most complete performances of

:21:48.:21:52.

the team of the season. We have really comfortable feeling, playing

:21:53.:21:57.

at home. With the support of the fans. It's a tough stadium to come.

:21:58.:22:05.

That's what we like, to have it. And to put the pressure on every

:22:06.:22:08.

opponent, and the next one is next week.

:22:09.:22:10.

In Italy's Serie A, Roma have maintained their chase of Juventus

:22:11.:22:13.

Did it remains that way, it would open up a 7-point gap.

:22:14.:22:34.

To motor sport and Lewis Hamilton has won the Chinese Grand Prix

:22:35.:22:36.

He led from pole to finish for his first win of the year.

:22:37.:22:40.

It gives him a share of the championship lead

:22:41.:22:43.

with Sebastian Vettel, who finished in second with Red Bull's Max

:22:44.:22:45.

Verstappen moving up from 16th on the grid to finish third

:22:46.:22:48.

as the teams now move to Bahrain for next weekend's third

:22:49.:22:51.

To two wheels, and in the MotoGP Championship Yamaha rider

:22:52.:22:56.

Maverick Vinales has won the Grand Prix of Argentina

:22:57.:23:00.

extending his lead in the World Championship, having also

:23:01.:23:02.

triumphed in the season-opener in Qatar.

:23:03.:23:04.

The Spanish rider inherited the lead on the third lap when world champion

:23:05.:23:07.

and pole-sitter Marc Marquez crashed out on his Honda.

:23:08.:23:09.

Italian Valentino Rossi, racing in his 350th Grand Prix,

:23:10.:23:11.

took second place on his Yahama ahead of Britain's Cal

:23:12.:23:15.

Sergio Garcia still leads by two strokes. Eight under in his final

:23:16.:23:28.

round at the Masters. It's always nice to be bumped up to

:23:29.:23:37.

first class on a flight, but maybe not when it's such a surprise as

:23:38.:23:40.

this. For a crew of a Turkish airlines flight, it meant having to

:23:41.:23:44.

look after one more passenger after they helped a woman having a baby on

:23:45.:23:46.

board. That's one flight none of those on

:23:47.:25:15.

board will forget in a hurry. Congratulations.

:25:16.:25:20.

The Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al Sisi has announced

:25:21.:25:24.

a state of emergency, following two bomb attacks

:25:25.:25:26.

The attacks on two Coptic churches were deliberately timed for a day

:25:27.:25:30.

when millions of Christians in the country were attending

:25:31.:25:32.

So-called Islamic State says it was responsible for the blasts.

:25:33.:25:37.

The state of emergency announced by President Sisi will last

:25:38.:25:40.

for three months and will expand police powers of arrest

:25:41.:25:43.

It's expected to get underway immediately. Stay with us here on

:25:44.:25:53.

BBC world news.

:25:54.:25:55.

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