16/04/2017 World News Today


16/04/2017

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Transcript


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This is BBC World News, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:00.

Yes campaigners in Turkey celebrate as they claim

:00:00.:00:14.

President Erdogan says changes to the constitution will now go ahead.

:00:15.:00:21.

TRANSLATION: Today, a decision made by the Turkish public

:00:22.:00:23.

This is not an ordinary decision, it is not an ordinary day.

:00:24.:00:30.

Just over 51% of voters agreed to sweeping new powers

:00:31.:00:32.

The main opposition party says it will challenge the result.

:00:33.:00:39.

The Trump administration has restated its determination to take

:00:40.:00:42.

action against North Korea after it carries out another missile test.

:00:43.:00:47.

68 children are amongst the dead in Syria after Saturday's bomb

:00:48.:00:50.

attack on buses carrying evacuees from besieged towns.

:00:51.:00:59.

The Premier League title race takes a twist, I lost to Manchester United

:01:00.:01:05.

cuts Chelsea's lead to just four points.

:01:06.:01:21.

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is claiming victory

:01:22.:01:24.

in the controversial referendum on expanding his powers.

:01:25.:01:27.

With almost all the votes counted, the Yes campaign has

:01:28.:01:29.

maintained a slim lead, with 51.3% in favour.

:01:30.:01:35.

But the opposition is disputing the result, complaining of massive

:01:36.:01:38.

Supporters of President Erdogan have been celebrating on the streets

:01:39.:01:43.

They believe he now has a mandate for the biggest political reform

:01:44.:01:49.

The President himself called it a historic move that'll make

:01:50.:01:53.

the country stronger, but acknowledged the split

:01:54.:01:55.

TRANSLATION: Today is really important, because we will now start

:01:56.:02:12.

to reconstruct Turkey from tomorrow. We do not need a necessary

:02:13.:02:18.

discussions, unnecessary talks and whatever, because it will not help

:02:19.:02:22.

or benefit our country. We just have to create projects, we just have to

:02:23.:02:27.

respect what the Turkish public have decided today, voted for today, and

:02:28.:02:38.

we just have to work harder, including our struggle against

:02:39.:02:43.

terror. We have to be stronger. We just have to wipe terror out of

:02:44.:02:44.

Turkey. But the two main opposition parties,

:02:45.:02:45.

the pro-Kurdish HDP and the Republican People's Party,

:02:46.:02:47.

or CHP, say they want a recount This is what the deputy

:02:48.:02:50.

chairman of the CHP TRANSLATION: There are problems

:02:51.:02:54.

in the way the votes have been cast. We think there are also

:02:55.:03:01.

problems with the way We are just trying to control

:03:02.:03:03.

the situation at the moment, because at the moment in Istanbul,

:03:04.:03:08.

Ankara, Izmir, the No vote is ahead. They are manipulating this

:03:09.:03:15.

and saying that the Yes vote In all of those big cities,

:03:16.:03:17.

the No campaign is ahead, but the public is being told

:03:18.:03:24.

that the Yes campaign is leading. They are preparing the way

:03:25.:03:28.

to steal the vote. Mark Lowen is outside the ruling

:03:29.:03:38.

party's headquarters. Quite euphoric celebrations among

:03:39.:03:54.

the President's supporters. This gives him more powers than any other

:03:55.:04:00.

Turkish president in modern history. Yes, they believe he has got the

:04:01.:04:04.

mandate to do that now. You could see the jubilant supporters behind

:04:05.:04:07.

me, streaming into the governing party headquarters, where the Prime

:04:08.:04:13.

Minister spoke about an hour ago. He claimed victory, he said it was a

:04:14.:04:17.

victory for all the citizens of this country, and the president spoke in

:04:18.:04:22.

Istanbul. His initial speech was muted, it was an indoor speech, he

:04:23.:04:29.

said that this was a vote that must be respected by Turkey's

:04:30.:04:32.

international partners and allies, and then he went on the balcony and

:04:33.:04:37.

spoke to his supporters, and he was in rousing mood, he spoke about

:04:38.:04:41.

bringing back the death penalty, he said they could be a referendum on

:04:42.:04:46.

capital punishment, which gets support among his supporters, horror

:04:47.:04:49.

among his opponents. He was in campaign mood again. After a much

:04:50.:04:57.

more muted initial response. Huge euphoria here, but the opposition

:04:58.:05:02.

believes it is not over. They say there are massive irregularities in

:05:03.:05:05.

the voting process, that 1.5 million votes that were invalid were given

:05:06.:05:14.

to the yes side. Some of the election observers were blocked from

:05:15.:05:17.

Pollock stations in the south-east. They say they will challenge the

:05:18.:05:21.

result at the supreme election board. We are in an unprecedented

:05:22.:05:26.

situation. This side of the country believe they have won resoundingly,

:05:27.:05:29.

the other side says it will not accept the result. In terms of the

:05:30.:05:33.

country's stability, this is the worst possible result. If you can

:05:34.:05:39.

hear me, what are the next steps from here? The opposition Republican

:05:40.:05:51.

Party, the pro-Kurdish party, and the leader of the no campaign said

:05:52.:05:54.

they would challenge it to the Supreme Court. They would try to

:05:55.:05:59.

file complaints. But it will be an uphill struggle, because the state

:06:00.:06:03.

machinery is so completely overwhelmingly dominated by the

:06:04.:06:08.

governing party, the media is 80 or 90% pro-government, so they are

:06:09.:06:12.

disability pitch headlines claiming victory will stop --. The opposition

:06:13.:06:19.

believes they still have mileage. Whether or not they can push it, we

:06:20.:06:24.

will see. The question will be whether Erdogan will have

:06:25.:06:29.

legitimacy. In the eyes of half of the country, the answer is no. But

:06:30.:06:34.

for him, getting more than 50% was enough to shoot the biggest

:06:35.:06:36.

political change in modern medical history.

:06:37.:06:40.

I'm joined by Irem Koker from the BBC's Turkish Service.

:06:41.:06:50.

We heard the president talking about this not being an ordinary decision,

:06:51.:06:57.

not being an ordinary day. He went on to address crowds outside after

:06:58.:07:00.

the formal press statement that he gave. Yes, he went back to his more

:07:01.:07:12.

euphoric and tough stance when he was speaking to his supporters

:07:13.:07:17.

outside his residence in Istanbul. He said, this marks the beginning of

:07:18.:07:20.

a new chapter in the Turkish history. This referendum ended a 200

:07:21.:07:28.

year debate about how the country should be governed. Also, he

:07:29.:07:32.

promised he would be taking the death penalty issue back to the

:07:33.:07:37.

agenda, which is another promise he made during the campaign. He is

:07:38.:07:45.

going back to his business as usual, and he will be pushing his own

:07:46.:07:52.

agenda afterwards. Reminders, the extent of the powers that this

:07:53.:07:56.

result now gives him as president. As a president, after this

:07:57.:08:03.

referendum, the office of Prime Minister will be abolished. The

:08:04.:08:07.

Cabinet ministers will be picked by the president himself. He will be

:08:08.:08:12.

appointing some key Government officials. Also, he will be able to

:08:13.:08:20.

call early elections, which will result in the dissolution of the

:08:21.:08:24.

parliament. He will be able to decide on the budget as well. And he

:08:25.:08:29.

will be appointing the dippy president, and the law does not say

:08:30.:08:36.

how many deputies will be there. It gives sweeping powers to the

:08:37.:08:40.

president was Mac office. When you look at the result and how close it

:08:41.:08:44.

was, it just gives a flavour of how divided Turkey is. That is correct.

:08:45.:08:56.

We saw a similar Turkey map with the previous elections in the past. The

:08:57.:09:03.

coastal areas, the people are more educated and have higher income,

:09:04.:09:08.

they voted for no, and the heartland, where more Conservative

:09:09.:09:13.

people live, voted for yes. But what is more interesting is that for the

:09:14.:09:20.

first time Erdogan and his party lost Ankara and Istanbul, which is

:09:21.:09:25.

significant. That affected the low margin between yes and no.

:09:26.:09:31.

Furthermore, Turkey is highly polarised, we will see the leader of

:09:32.:09:36.

the main opposition party talking about irregularities and how they

:09:37.:09:41.

will react from this point on. We will see how's what he will say. We

:09:42.:09:49.

have reports of protests in Istanbul and Ankara.

:09:50.:09:56.

We will come back to that story later in the programme.

:09:57.:10:00.

The Trump administration has reiterated its determination to take

:10:01.:10:02.

action against North Korea amid rising tensions over

:10:03.:10:05.

The US National Security Advisor General HR McMaster says

:10:06.:10:08.

the President is working on a "range of options" with America's

:10:09.:10:12.

North Korea's latest test resulted in what's thought to be

:10:13.:10:17.

a medium-range missile, blowing up shortly after take-off.

:10:18.:10:20.

It was launched from the east-coast port of Shinpo,

:10:21.:10:23.

On his arrival in Seoul shortly afterwards, the US

:10:24.:10:27.

Vice President Mike Pence described the test as a provocation

:10:28.:10:31.

and told his hosts that America's commitment to South Korea had

:10:32.:10:34.

This flower show, like almost everything else in North Korea,

:10:35.:10:46.

This is the stand of National Defence...

:10:47.:10:53.

And this display is in honour of their abiding

:10:54.:10:59.

Is it a little strange to have rockets and missiles

:11:00.:11:03.

There are reports that there was a missile test this morning.

:11:04.:11:12.

And some suggestions that it failed, have you heard these reports?

:11:13.:11:15.

We will win and we will have greater successes in the future.

:11:16.:11:21.

There has so far been no mention of the missile on North Korean TV.

:11:22.:11:27.

Every launch, failure or not, takes the military one

:11:28.:11:31.

The timing of the latest missile test is significant,

:11:32.:11:37.

coming just a few hours before the US Vice President Mike Pence

:11:38.:11:41.

arrived in the South Korean capital, Seoul.

:11:42.:11:45.

It's a message of defiance from here in Pyongyang.

:11:46.:11:48.

Its quest to become a fully-fledged nuclear power continues.

:11:49.:11:55.

At its big military parade yesterday, it put some of its newest

:11:56.:11:59.

The decades of threats and sanctions against North Korea have clearly

:12:00.:12:06.

Mr Pence's talks will focus on trying to find something that

:12:07.:12:14.

will work, including military options, according to officials.

:12:15.:12:19.

Our commitment to this historic alliance with the courageous people

:12:20.:12:24.

of South Korea has never been stronger and with your help

:12:25.:12:29.

and with God's help, freedom will ever prevail.

:12:30.:12:35.

At Pyongyang Zoo today there was a relaxed holiday atmosphere.

:12:36.:12:41.

The looming crisis seems far from anyone's mind.

:12:42.:12:47.

North Korea appears confident that President Trump's threats will turn

:12:48.:12:51.

out to be hollow and that he'll conclude, like others before him,

:12:52.:12:56.

Pope Francis celebrate Easter with a mass in front of people in St

:12:57.:13:19.

Peter's Square. Yes campaigners in Turkey celebrate

:13:20.:14:44.

as they claim victory in the referendum. The president says

:14:45.:14:48.

changes to the court situation will go ahead.

:14:49.:14:52.

Just over 51% of the voters agreed to new powers for the president. The

:14:53.:14:57.

main opposition party says it will challenge the result.

:14:58.:15:05.

Let's stay with the top scoring -- story.

:15:06.:15:06.

Baybars Orsek joins us from our studio in Istanbul.

:15:07.:15:10.

When you look at the stats from the outcome of this vote and the

:15:11.:15:21.

breakdown, what is your take on it? It is a narrow victory for the

:15:22.:15:29.

campaign. It looks like he thought about the nature and the healthiness

:15:30.:15:32.

of this referendum will be on the table for a while. It is one of the

:15:33.:15:37.

most important referendums in the Turkish history, and we will see the

:15:38.:15:40.

implications in the coming days. When you were assessing the claims

:15:41.:15:47.

by politicians during the referendum campaign, what was your good

:15:48.:15:53.

illusion? -- conclusion? We have been fact checking the statements of

:15:54.:15:58.

politicians for the last three years, this cycle has been a similar

:15:59.:16:04.

effort from our side. We have checked more than 100 statements in

:16:05.:16:08.

the referendum topics in this Constitution, and what we saw was

:16:09.:16:13.

nothing different than the previous election cycles will stop the

:16:14.:16:19.

truthfulness of the statements were something between 25% and 30%. It is

:16:20.:16:27.

weird when it comes to the importance of informing the public,

:16:28.:16:31.

especially before this kind of important public vote. You look at

:16:32.:16:39.

fact checking around the world, how does Turkey compare on that front?

:16:40.:16:46.

We are a part of the international fact checking network, and on

:16:47.:16:52.

Branagh organisation. What we see, there is some sort of similarity in

:16:53.:16:58.

terms of the scores of politicians, especially during the election

:16:59.:17:01.

cycles. This is one of the highly debated topics in the American

:17:02.:17:07.

elections as well. It is not surprising that people are still

:17:08.:17:11.

voting based on their ideological and party based affiliations,

:17:12.:17:17.

greater than sticking to the truth. This is one of the main challenges

:17:18.:17:23.

of fact checking organisations, we are trying to tackle it. In terms of

:17:24.:17:29.

this particular campaign, the referendum result has given sweeping

:17:30.:17:35.

new powers to the Turkish president. Are you satisfied that the claims

:17:36.:17:39.

that were made during the campaign led to people making an informed

:17:40.:17:45.

decision about what they were doing? Especially in this referendum, we

:17:46.:17:50.

saw lots of references to the concept of truth and lying from

:17:51.:17:58.

different political actors, including the president, the Prime

:17:59.:18:00.

Minister and the Leader of the Opposition and other representatives

:18:01.:18:08.

of both sides. The leaders try to convince the constituencies by

:18:09.:18:13.

blaming the opponent parties as people who are not seeking the truth

:18:14.:18:19.

and misinforming the public. This has been one of the decisive factors

:18:20.:18:22.

in terms of making people's opinions.

:18:23.:18:26.

More than 100 people, more than half of them children,

:18:27.:18:29.

are now thought to have died in Saturday's suicide-bomb

:18:30.:18:31.

A convoy of coaches packed with evacuees in a pre-arranged

:18:32.:18:34.

exchange between the Syrian government and a number of rebel

:18:35.:18:37.

groups was targeted with the car bomb on the outskirts of Aleppo.

:18:38.:18:40.

This report from our diplomatic correspondent James Landale contains

:18:41.:18:42.

They were heading for what they thought was safety,

:18:43.:18:46.

thousands of civilians from government-held villages had

:18:47.:18:49.

been under siege by rebel forces for two years.

:18:50.:18:52.

Just a short bus ride from Aleppo and a better life.

:18:53.:18:58.

A vehicle supposedly carrying food, packed instead with explosives.

:18:59.:19:06.

Devastating the convoy, buses and cars.

:19:07.:19:10.

A potato truck, as they were hungry, comes and offers for the kids

:19:11.:19:15.

So the kids who were very hungry, some of them left the buses,

:19:16.:19:21.

went to the truck, and as soon as they approached

:19:22.:19:23.

That's where it emerged today that among the 126 dead were 68 children.

:19:24.:19:33.

According to British-based activists who monitor the conflict.

:19:34.:19:37.

Hundreds of others injured in the attack were rushed

:19:38.:19:40.

It is still not clear who was responsible for the attack

:19:41.:19:44.

although local Islamist rebel groups have denied any involvement.

:19:45.:19:50.

The people travelling in these buses were part of a deal

:19:51.:19:53.

between government and opposition forces to evacuate civilians

:19:54.:19:55.

They were attacked as they waited for another convoy to go

:19:56.:20:00.

in the south, evacuating civilians from rebel-held areas.

:20:01.:20:06.

But an attack like this that left so many dead will raise doubts

:20:07.:20:09.

about whether there will be more evacuation deals in the future.

:20:10.:20:15.

The remaining survivors in the convoy continued

:20:16.:20:17.

their journey to Aleppo in relative safety.

:20:18.:20:20.

The United Nations condemned the attack and urged all sides

:20:21.:20:23.

But there are already fears that civilians in rebel-held areas may

:20:24.:20:30.

The English Premier League title race has taken another twist

:20:31.:20:44.

after Manchester United beat league leaders Chelsea 2-0 at Old Trafford.

:20:45.:20:46.

Marcus Rashford put the hosts ahead after seven minutes before

:20:47.:20:49.

Ander Herrera doubled that lead just after half-time with a deflected

:20:50.:20:52.

shot for his first league goal in 14 months, cutting Chelsea's lead

:20:53.:20:56.

at the top to just four points, with six games remaining.

:20:57.:21:02.

Liverpool have moved back up to third after beating

:21:03.:21:04.

Roberto Firmino with his third goal in six games on the stroke

:21:05.:21:08.

of half-time decided the outcome at the Hawthorns.

:21:09.:21:15.

A match between French Ligue Un sides Bastia and Lyon was abandoned

:21:16.:21:18.

after home fans invaded the pitch in Corsica.

:21:19.:21:20.

Kick-off was delayed by 55 minutes as Bastia fans tried to attack

:21:21.:21:23.

visiting Lyon players during their warm-up, and was then

:21:24.:21:25.

Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel has won the Bahrain Grand Prix,

:21:26.:21:39.

as Lewis Hamilton's hopes were hit by a penalty for gamesmanship.

:21:40.:21:42.

The Brit was penalised five seconds for driving deliberately slowly

:21:43.:21:46.

on pit entry and holding up Red Bull's Daniel Ricciardo.

:21:47.:21:49.

He was unable to claw back the deficit.

:21:50.:21:51.

Vettel's win giving him a seven-point lead over Hamilton

:21:52.:21:54.

in the championship, while his Mercedes team

:21:55.:21:56.

mate Valterri Bottas completed the podium.

:21:57.:22:00.

Five-time world champion Ronnie O'Sullivan has said

:22:01.:22:02.

he won't be bullied by World Snooker after winning his opening match

:22:03.:22:05.

The 41-year-old started the afternoon session

:22:06.:22:09.

He moved onto 7-5 with this break of 124, the highest

:22:10.:22:15.

Wilson didn't make life easy for O'Sullivan, but he's safely

:22:16.:22:20.

through to the second round, winning 10-7, although

:22:21.:22:24.

he was visibly shaken when talking after the match

:22:25.:22:26.

He has only replied to questions from the media by one or two word

:22:27.:22:36.

answers. I phoned Barry up for weeks ago and

:22:37.:22:53.

said, I have done with you and your board of people, I have a good

:22:54.:22:56.

friend who said, just my lawyers deal with it. I would get involved,

:22:57.:23:03.

I not being bullied I am not having people doing that to me ever again.

:23:04.:23:07.

I am fortunate I have a good friend who has very good lawyers, and they

:23:08.:23:13.

have got my back. I just want to play, I just want to have fun. I

:23:14.:23:21.

like Barry, but I am not being intimidated or bullied anymore.

:23:22.:23:23.

Pope Francis has celebrated Easter Mass in the Vatican.

:23:24.:23:28.

He called on the world's leaders to find the courage to end

:23:29.:23:31.

The Pope also delivered his traditional Urbi et Orbi message,

:23:32.:23:39.

the blessing to Rome and the world, from St Peter's Basilica.

:23:40.:23:44.

Rain didn't dampen the Easter message in Rome, where thousands

:23:45.:23:47.

of pilgrims gathered to see Pope Francis celebrate Easter Mass

:23:48.:23:51.

and lead the blessings in St Peter's Square in the Vatican.

:23:52.:23:59.

Mass took place amidst tight security, a week after attacks

:24:00.:24:03.

on two Coptic churches in Egypt left more than 40 people dead.

:24:04.:24:09.

Pope Francis used his message to also condemn yesterday's bomb

:24:10.:24:12.

attack on a crowded Syrian bus convoy that killed

:24:13.:24:15.

TRANSLATION: May he sustain the efforts of all who are actively

:24:16.:24:24.

engaged in bringing comfort and relief to the civil

:24:25.:24:26.

population in Syria, prey to a war that continues to sow

:24:27.:24:31.

horror and death, and yesterday the latest horrible attack

:24:32.:24:35.

on refugees, which provoked many deaths and many wounded.

:24:36.:24:41.

May he grant peace to the entire Middle East.

:24:42.:24:44.

As the skies cleared, the Pope's message resonated

:24:45.:24:47.

with the thousands who travelled from far and wide for

:24:48.:24:50.

The Archbishop of Canterbury delivered his Easter message

:24:51.:24:56.

He said today's terror, pain and despair should not

:24:57.:25:01.

The Royal Family gathered at St George's Chapel in Windsor.

:25:02.:25:08.

The Queen, who wore a spring-like shade of turquoise, was joined

:25:09.:25:11.

by the Duke of Edinburgh and her children and

:25:12.:25:13.

grandchildren for a traditional Easter Sunday service.

:25:14.:25:23.

The referendum in Turkey. These are life pictures from Istanbul, where

:25:24.:25:35.

crowds celebrating. Supporters of the result, those who voted yes to

:25:36.:25:40.

giving the president sweeping new powers. According to the latest

:25:41.:25:49.

figures, more than 51%, just over 51%, voting yes to the changes. The

:25:50.:25:54.

main opposition parties say they will challenge the result, raising

:25:55.:26:00.

doubts about 60% of the votes cast. More as we get it on BBC World News.

:26:01.:26:08.

Expecting a bit more sunshine for Easter Monday. The is coming from

:26:09.:26:15.

the north. Clear skies between the cloud. Unlike today. The thicker

:26:16.:26:20.

cloud continues to move away through tonight. A bit of rain for East

:26:21.:26:29.

Anglia and the south-east. It becomes dry, clear skies. The

:26:30.:26:37.

temperatures could be low enough for a touch of Frost. High pressure to

:26:38.:26:41.

the West will play a big part through this week. Low pressure to

:26:42.:26:48.

the east, pulling in colder air. It leads to a cold start. Quite a bit

:26:49.:26:55.

of sunshine around northern England, increasingly into Northern Ireland.

:26:56.:26:59.

Sunny spells. Land, but showers pushing southwards. Sleek and hail

:27:00.:27:09.

to lower levels. Northern England, the showers get going. We start with

:27:10.:27:16.

cloud. Any rain will be light and patchy, most places will have a dry

:27:17.:27:22.

day. More sunshine developing as we go through the day and into the

:27:23.:27:29.

afternoon. Temperatures held back across the north-east. More sunshine

:27:30.:27:36.

to the south West, lighter wind, it should feel pleasant. We finished

:27:37.:27:40.

the evening with showers in northern England.

:27:41.:27:44.

There could be an ice risk to go into Tuesday morning. You might

:27:45.:27:52.

avoid a frost in East Anglia and the south-east. More trees, which could

:27:53.:27:57.

shepherd in one or two isolated showers. The thickening cloud in the

:27:58.:28:03.

Hebrides, but for most it will be dry and sunny. The temperatures

:28:04.:28:08.

struggling after the cold start, but the sunshine should convert saved.

:28:09.:28:13.

The weather fronts will skirt the North. High pressure dominates

:28:14.:28:17.

foremost.

:28:18.:28:23.

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