12/05/2017 World News Today


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12/05/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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and world news today. Here are the top stories. Cyber attacks have been

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reported in organisations around the world including the NHS. Donald

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Trump tweets a warning to the sacked boss of the FBI not to leak their

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conversations. His spokesman will not say any more. I don't think

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that's a threat. He is simply stating a fact that he is moving on.

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Supreme court judges in Italy have upheld a 16 year jail sentence on a

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shipwrecked captain. And Chelsea could be minutes away from winning

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the English Premier League title. Hello. Cyber attacks have been

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reported on organisations around the world. Including in Britain and

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Spain the United States and China. It is not clear if they are

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connected. Meanwhile the National Health Service said the attack meant

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some hospitals were forced to divert emergencies. Ransomware appears to

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have been used in the attack, with hackers demanding payment to restore

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users' access. Hugh Pym reports. A major incident has been declared

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by NHS leaders in England, and hospitals like this one

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in Colchester have been experiencing serious computer problems

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after a cyber attack. This is what some patients

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told us: The gentleman just

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inside the door said that and they are not sure

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whether the doctors can If it is x-rays, or breakages,

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or what have you, hospital trust covering North

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Lincolnshire and Goole, IT systems were closed for three days

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as the result of a cyber attack Hundreds of operations and patient

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appointments were postponed, people were told to A

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only if it was really necessary, there were warnings that NHS IT was

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vulnerable. And today staff logging in at other

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hospitals found this on their screens, with a message

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saying, your files are encrypted, if you want to recover them,

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you need to pay up. Ransomware, a hidden

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programme used by criminal The NHS is vulnerable,

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because typically it has not invested enough in computer

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security, using old computers and systems and if they don't keep them

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properly patched they will keep In a statement, NHS Digital,

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responsible for IT, has said: One doctor at this hospital

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in Mansfield told us how it was I had a lady today, who had severe

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back pain, could potentially And we had to divert her

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to another hospital, Queens It is getting a bit

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difficult for us. It takes an awful lot of time

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for us to process the Some hospitals warned

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local people they were experiencing significant IT

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and telephone problems. Some GP practices have also reported

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significant problems. The man speaking in a report is in

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Oxford and he joins us now, here's a cyber Security analyst. You are

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saying the NHS is vulnerable, why was invulnerable? Any organisation

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which does not keep up-to-date with its security patches, is not

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upgrading the operating system, can have those problems exploited by

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hackers and malware attacks. And sadly the British health service has

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really lagged behind in some of these areas. Why are they not

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updating? I suspect one reason may be money. It costs money to upgrade

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your operating system, because often you have to upgrade the computers as

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well to handle the new operating system. Also you might have to

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reboot computers and bring them die down for awhile as people don't like

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systems going down. But any time Microsoft comes out and says there

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is a critical problem with our software which cybercriminals can

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exploit, you have to listen and you should apply those patches. Talking

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of patches, Microsoft sent out this patch in March when it first became

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evident that the ransomware was out there. The NHS did not apply it. The

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more you look into less the more simple in its bases it seems. It

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does not appear to have been some great hacking organisation that have

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done this. It seems to have been a lucky hit full -- by whoever was

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behind it. The people behind attacks like this simply want to hit is made

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people as possible. They were not specifically targeting any of the

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organisations that were hit. They simply set the virus loose. They are

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keen for as many computers as possible to be hit because they will

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make more money in return. And frankly the NHS was something of a

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sitting duck. But so were other organisations. But what I think is

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most disturbing about this is that this vulnerability which the worm

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was exploiting was first discovered by American intelligence services,

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the NSA, and they knew about this problem and they did not tell

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Microsoft about it for months or maybe years because they were using

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it to spy for their own purposes. And the NSE -- and as a god tax and.

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We would have had a patch months earlier from the Microsoft if the

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NSA had protected everyone by sharing the information with

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Microsoft as soon as they knew it. Thank you very much. President Trump

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has warned the former FBI director not to leak to the press against

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him, turning up the political temperature even higher in

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Washington. Among a deluge of tweets Mr Trump said... This follows a

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television interview in which Mr Trump said he had alone had taken

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the decision to fire the FBI chief, contradicting previous claims about

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the sequence of events. The President's letter to him on Tuesday

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said he was being terminated on the recommendation of the Attorney

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General and his deputy. She recently the White House spokesman Sean

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Spicer was quizzed about the taping? Did the President record his

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conversations? You are referring to the tweet, I've talked to the

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president, he has nothing further to add. Why did he say that? Why did he

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tweeted? What should we interpret from it? As I said, he has nothing

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further to add. Are there recording devices on? There is nothing further

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to add. Is it appropriate to threaten someone like this not to

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speak? That is not a threat. He is simply stating a fact. The tweet

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speaks for itself. I am moving on. Let's go to our correspondence in

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Washington. What we make of all this? Are there tapes? Could there

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be tapes? There could be. Sean Spicer was very evasive when it came

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to answering that question. He would not outright say there were no

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secret tapes in the White House. It seems like we are talking about the

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Nixon White House, but this is the Trump presidency. So going forward

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there is a history, there have been reports of Donald Trump taping

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members of his own business in his offices when he was a real estate

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mogul. But that is speculation as to whether that could happen in the

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White House. We will have to wait and see if Donald Trump has asked

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himself if there is an existence of a taping system. Do you think there

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is some form of rolling back now by the White House, because Sean Spicer

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said it is not a threat, there is nothing threatening in the tweet, it

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is just stating a fact. Are they trying to row back? I think they are

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trying to. Every time they seem to construct a series of arguments or

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defences about this firing and they talk about it being a process and

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there was a memo, signed off by the Attorney General, Donald Trump goes

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out in talks to the media and undercuts what ever came before him.

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So you have people like Sean Spicer and even Mike pence who also talk

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about the firing being a process within the Department, Joel Trump

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undermines that when he says no I planned on firing him from the get

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go no matter what the Justice Department said. In reality it is

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not until Donald Trump speaks himself that you know what his views

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are. Apparently in an interview that will air this weekend cover he is

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thinking of not having any press briefings by the press office any

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more. And maybe just himself talking to the press every couple of weeks

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which would be a major break from tradition. We will leave it there.

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Thank you. And of course if you want to stay up-to-date with this

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developing story you can visit the live page of

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developing story you can visit the live page of our website. It is

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being constantly updated with the latest reaction. There are also

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links to the analysis from our correspondence in Washington and

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don't forget you can also download the wonderful app. Let's take a look

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at some of the other stories making the news. Candidates in a run's

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presidential election exchanged barbs in their final debate on

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Friday. They accused each other of corruption and economic

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mismanagement. The current president is contesting the election to be

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held next week along with five other candidates. Soldiers in the Ivory

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Coast have opened fire in at least five military bases across the

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country. It is reported there was shooting in the air in protest of

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the deal made with the Government to scrap plans to give them back pay

:11:23.:11:27.

and bonuses. It follows a televised apology by a spokesman for the

:11:28.:11:31.

soldiers over previous protest over pay. Pope Francis has embarked on a

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pilgrimage to central Portugal where up to a 1 million people are

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expected to attend the canonisation of two children who had visions of

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the virgin Mary one century ago. Italy's highest court has upheld the

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16 year jail sentence imposed on the captain of a shipwrecked cruise

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liner. 32 people died when the vessel hit rocks off an Italian

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island in 2012. The captain was also convicted of abandoning ship before

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his passengers and crew were clear. This was the definitive ruling by

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Italy's highest court. It had to consider an earlier ruling by a

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lower court which had convicted him on multiple counts of manslaughter,

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on causing a maritime accident, on abandoning ship before its

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passengers and true was safe,. Italy's highest court has decided

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that verdict is sound. And that is that. It now means that the captain

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will begin to serve his 16 year sentence under the weight Italian

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law works he did not have to serve it until it was finally concluded.

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That has now happened. His lawyer says his he is on his way to hand

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himself in. Has there been any reaction from the families of those

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who died? A lawyer spoke on the steps of the court saying that this

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is finally justice at last. They're in mind this was more than five

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years ago that this happened and the captain throughout that time has

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suggested he was not to blame. The families disagreed. Now the court

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has sided with the families saying that the captain's bad handling of

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the ship, his decision not to steer it properly, his decision to abandon

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ship before everyone was safe, is an issue for which he has to serve 16

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in prison. Thank you very much. Do stay with us because still to come

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we will have the latest on Chelsea's bid for the English Premier League

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title. The Pope was shot, the Pope will

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live, that is the essence of the news from Rome this afternoon,

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that's terrorism has come to the Vatican. The man they call the

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Butcher of Leon went on trial in the town where he was the Gestapo chief

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in a Second World War. Winnie Mandela did not look like a woman

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sentenced to six years in jail. The judge told her there was no

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indication she felt even the slightest rewards. They have called

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for help for the victims of an earthquake. The computer has

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triumphed over the chess champion. It is the first time this has

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happened. America's first legal same-sex marriages have been taking

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place in Massachusetts. God bless America!

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This is BBC World News today. The latest headlines: a cyber hacker has

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hit the attack in an -- a cyber attack has hit the NHS in England.

:15:09.:15:15.

President Trump has warned the sacked director of the FBI not to

:15:16.:15:18.

leak stories to the press in a series of early-morning tweets.

:15:19.:15:23.

South Africa has been hit by violent demonstrations this week. Registers

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are demanding houses and jobs and have clashed with police in several

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townships south of Johannesburg. They put pressure on the Government

:15:34.:15:41.

to deliver on election promises. The Government has admitted the issues

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behind the latest wave of protests are genuine and deserve a response.

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Here is our report. A sense of calm returns

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following days of protests. The demonstrations were led

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by communities who feel marginalised and neglected,

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protesters up in arms over The week-long unrest,

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dubbed service delivery protests, Poverty and stubbornly high

:15:58.:16:10.

unemployment 23 years after the end of apartheid has angered many,

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piling pressure on Labelled coloured under apartheid,

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not black, not white, the community of Eldorado Park south

:16:22.:16:29.

of Johannesburg feels unheard Some have even openly declared that

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life was better under white minority rule while others say

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the protests are justified. The government must act to build

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houses firstly, then the community, will take the government seriously,

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but if they don't start, we will not stop until our

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demands have been met. But our protests in South Africa

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is to start to build. streets, no cars pass, no one goes

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to work. That is how we put this

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government in action. This woman has been on the housing

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waiting list for more than 20 years. She lives in a one-bedroom house

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with family members. I feel frustrated, I feel very

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disappointed in all of this. Now because of us young people

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who can't get houses, we have You vote for houses

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you don't get the house, you vote for jobs, you don't get

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a job so it hasn't helped. I don't know what to say but I'm

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struggling with my children. It's only my disability grant

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for this little money. There are concerns that

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criminal elements are infiltrating these protests

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but the grievances remain genuine. Like many communities

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in South Africa, most people just want a piece of land to build

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a house on - a simple request that successive administrations

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have failed to address. Corruption is often cited

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as the reason why the government appears unable to deliver

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on the many promises The United States and China have

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announced a new trade deal. The unexpected agreement gives US

:18:33.:18:37.

farmers, energy companies and financial services access to China's

:18:38.:18:41.

huge market. It also reflects the warming in relations between

:18:42.:18:45.

Washington and Beijing. Our business correspondence has more. It is a

:18:46.:18:51.

really significant deal and broadly speaking it gives American credit

:18:52.:18:57.

rating agencies and credit card companies, financial services

:18:58.:18:59.

basically, access to China's all-important market, the

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middle-class in particular American beef exporters will also be able to

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sell their products in China after years of being banned, and China

:19:08.:19:12.

will also accept shipments of US liquefied natural gas. In return

:19:13.:19:16.

China gets to sell its cooked poultry products to the US. But

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frankly this isn't just a deal about trade. It is also about

:19:21.:19:26.

relationships. Typically the criticism from foreign investors who

:19:27.:19:29.

are doing business in China, they say it is usual China late that

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benefits the most. That is what Trump has said on the campaign

:19:35.:19:38.

train, that is he has promised to make China play by the rules and

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open up its might markets to American businesses. This deal looks

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like he has gone some way to getting what he wants. But Beijing is not

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one to give something for nothing. This weekend China is hosting a

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summit, is coming out party to the world. And it wants global

:19:58.:20:01.

recognition for this plan. Part of this trade deal includes the US

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sending some of its representatives to the summit, something that

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previous administrations never did before.

:20:08.:20:16.

Now all the sport. Chelsea are playing the game in which they could

:20:17.:20:20.

win the Premier League title. It would be their second in three

:20:21.:20:23.

years, three more points is all they need. They have three games to do it

:20:24.:20:28.

but they would love to do it in the first one, that is against West

:20:29.:20:30.

Bromwich be right now. They have had just over an hour and it is still

:20:31.:20:36.

0-0. If Chelsea do not wrap it up in this match they have another chance

:20:37.:20:39.

on Monday night against Watford at home. They are currently goalless.

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It is one of two matches being played tonight in the Premier

:20:47.:20:49.

League. Currently Everton are leading 1-0 against Watford in the

:20:50.:20:57.

other. Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton was the fastest in one of two practice

:20:58.:21:01.

sessions. It was an embarrassing day for the hero. Formula 1 you season

:21:02.:21:13.

kicks up with Spanish Grand Prix in Barcelona. The teams took to the

:21:14.:21:17.

track for the first time on Friday with two 1.5 hour sessions. All of

:21:18.:21:21.

the teams brought a lot of our Islamic upgrades to the race and on

:21:22.:21:26.

the evidence site far it looked like first blood to Mercedes. Lewis

:21:27.:21:30.

Hamilton was fastest in both of the two practice sessions closely

:21:31.:21:34.

followed by his team-mate. This is an important race for Halton, used

:21:35.:21:40.

to reassert himself within the team after his team-mate won his first

:21:41.:21:44.

Grand Prix in Russia two weeks ago. So far so good Hamilton. Behind him

:21:45.:21:53.

came the two Ferraris. A good day for others. The only person who

:21:54.:21:57.

didn't have a good day was the double world hero Fernando Alonso.

:21:58.:22:04.

He was last in both sessions and managed just two corners of the

:22:05.:22:07.

first session before his engine let go. He managed a few more laps in

:22:08.:22:11.

the second session but was still slowest of everybody. A slightly

:22:12.:22:15.

depressing time for the crowd and their driver. Rafa Nadal described

:22:16.:22:23.

his straight sets win is a beautiful match as he set up a meeting with

:22:24.:22:29.

Novak Djokovic. He managed a bruising first set despite eight

:22:30.:22:34.

break points and then broke his opponents resolve with his

:22:35.:22:38.

relentless energy in the second set. Djokovic had a bye after his

:22:39.:22:45.

opponent withdrew through injury. Nadal and Djokovic will meet each

:22:46.:22:48.

other in the last four in Madrid. Barcelona defender Piquet's plans

:22:49.:22:58.

for a world tennis events have been backed. Such a tournament would be

:22:59.:23:05.

backed -- arrival to the Davis cap. -- the Davis Cup. His plan would see

:23:06.:23:11.

a single tournament take place in just one location over a maximum of

:23:12.:23:18.

ten days. Chelsea could be 24 minutes away from the cheque Premier

:23:19.:23:23.

League title, but it is still 0-0. That is all the sport for now.

:23:24.:23:31.

It is the final of the Eurovision Song contest on Saturday. This

:23:32.:23:34.

year's competition has been overshadowed even more than usual by

:23:35.:23:40.

politics. The host nation Ukraine has barred Russia's singer from

:23:41.:23:44.

entering the country. Then there is Brexit. Will the UK's European

:23:45.:23:47.

neighbours It's the final of the Eurovision

:23:48.:23:50.

Song contest this Saturday in Kiev. The UK's entry is one of its

:23:51.:24:24.

strongest in years. I'm nervous but if I wasn't I would worry about

:24:25.:24:30.

myself. Singing in front of 200 million people, if you are not

:24:31.:24:33.

nervous it is crazy. It is easy to forget there is a serious side to

:24:34.:24:37.

the annual fest of cacophony and kitsch. The idea behind the

:24:38.:24:43.

Eurovision Song contest is a noble one. To use music to break down

:24:44.:24:47.

borders and bring different countries and cultures and

:24:48.:24:51.

communities together. The problem this year is that politics is centre

:24:52.:24:59.

stage. Russia's entrance was not allowed into Ukraine. The first time

:25:00.:25:04.

Eurovision host nation has barred a singer. Ukraine said the artist had

:25:05.:25:11.

violated its border laws by visiting Crimea, the Ukrainian peninsular

:25:12.:25:15.

annexed by Russia. She was back there this week, stoking the

:25:16.:25:22.

controversy. Then there is Brexit. Theresa May thinks that will spoil

:25:23.:25:27.

our Eurovision party. In current circumstances I don't know how many

:25:28.:25:28.

votes we will get. LAUGHTER

:25:29.:25:33.

But even before Brexit the UK was struggling in Eurovision. That must

:25:34.:25:40.

be politics, mustn't it? The songs were bad, the performances were bad,

:25:41.:25:43.

that is the reason. Nobody votes for us when the songs are bad at the

:25:44.:25:48.

singers are bad, and we had some bad ones, I tell you! So maybe, just

:25:49.:25:54.

maybe, with a good song and a great performance, the UK can achieve

:25:55.:26:01.

Eurovision goals. -- Eurovision gold.

:26:02.:26:04.

And that takes place on Saturday. You have been watching BBC News

:26:05.:26:10.

today. Stay with us, there is plenty more coming up.

:26:11.:26:22.

Good evening. The Highlands of Scotland was the place to be for

:26:23.:26:28.

some sunshine this afternoon. And it was quite warm

:26:29.:26:29.