12/05/2017 World News Today


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and world news today. Here are the top stories. Cyber attacks have been


reported in organisations around the world including the NHS. Donald


Trump tweets a warning to the sacked boss of the FBI not to leak their


conversations. His spokesman will not say any more. I don't think


that's a threat. He is simply stating a fact that he is moving on.


Supreme court judges in Italy have upheld a 16 year jail sentence on a


shipwrecked captain. And Chelsea could be minutes away from winning


the English Premier League title. Hello. Cyber attacks have been


reported on organisations around the world. Including in Britain and


Spain the United States and China. It is not clear if they are


connected. Meanwhile the National Health Service said the attack meant


some hospitals were forced to divert emergencies. Ransomware appears to


have been used in the attack, with hackers demanding payment to restore


users' access. Hugh Pym reports. A major incident has been declared


by NHS leaders in England, and hospitals like this one


in Colchester have been experiencing serious computer problems


after a cyber attack. This is what some patients


told us: The gentleman just


inside the door said that and they are not sure


whether the doctors can If it is x-rays, or breakages,


or what have you, hospital trust covering North


Lincolnshire and Goole, IT systems were closed for three days


as the result of a cyber attack Hundreds of operations and patient


appointments were postponed, people were told to A


only if it was really necessary, there were warnings that NHS IT was


vulnerable. And today staff logging in at other


hospitals found this on their screens, with a message


saying, your files are encrypted, if you want to recover them,


you need to pay up. Ransomware, a hidden


programme used by criminal The NHS is vulnerable,


because typically it has not invested enough in computer


security, using old computers and systems and if they don't keep them


properly patched they will keep In a statement, NHS Digital,


responsible for IT, has said: One doctor at this hospital


in Mansfield told us how it was I had a lady today, who had severe


back pain, could potentially And we had to divert her


to another hospital, Queens It is getting a bit


difficult for us. It takes an awful lot of time


for us to process the Some hospitals warned


local people they were experiencing significant IT


and telephone problems. Some GP practices have also reported


significant problems. The man speaking in a report is in


Oxford and he joins us now, here's a cyber Security analyst. You are


saying the NHS is vulnerable, why was invulnerable? Any organisation


which does not keep up-to-date with its security patches, is not


upgrading the operating system, can have those problems exploited by


hackers and malware attacks. And sadly the British health service has


really lagged behind in some of these areas. Why are they not


updating? I suspect one reason may be money. It costs money to upgrade


your operating system, because often you have to upgrade the computers as


well to handle the new operating system. Also you might have to


reboot computers and bring them die down for awhile as people don't like


systems going down. But any time Microsoft comes out and says there


is a critical problem with our software which cybercriminals can


exploit, you have to listen and you should apply those patches. Talking


of patches, Microsoft sent out this patch in March when it first became


evident that the ransomware was out there. The NHS did not apply it. The


more you look into less the more simple in its bases it seems. It


does not appear to have been some great hacking organisation that have


done this. It seems to have been a lucky hit full -- by whoever was


behind it. The people behind attacks like this simply want to hit is made


people as possible. They were not specifically targeting any of the


organisations that were hit. They simply set the virus loose. They are


keen for as many computers as possible to be hit because they will


make more money in return. And frankly the NHS was something of a


sitting duck. But so were other organisations. But what I think is


most disturbing about this is that this vulnerability which the worm


was exploiting was first discovered by American intelligence services,


the NSA, and they knew about this problem and they did not tell


Microsoft about it for months or maybe years because they were using


it to spy for their own purposes. And the NSE -- and as a god tax and.


We would have had a patch months earlier from the Microsoft if the


NSA had protected everyone by sharing the information with


Microsoft as soon as they knew it. Thank you very much. President Trump


has warned the former FBI director not to leak to the press against


him, turning up the political temperature even higher in


Washington. Among a deluge of tweets Mr Trump said... This follows a


television interview in which Mr Trump said he had alone had taken


the decision to fire the FBI chief, contradicting previous claims about


the sequence of events. The President's letter to him on Tuesday


said he was being terminated on the recommendation of the Attorney


General and his deputy. She recently the White House spokesman Sean


Spicer was quizzed about the taping? Did the President record his


conversations? You are referring to the tweet, I've talked to the


president, he has nothing further to add. Why did he say that? Why did he


tweeted? What should we interpret from it? As I said, he has nothing


further to add. Are there recording devices on? There is nothing further


to add. Is it appropriate to threaten someone like this not to


speak? That is not a threat. He is simply stating a fact. The tweet


speaks for itself. I am moving on. Let's go to our correspondence in


Washington. What we make of all this? Are there tapes? Could there


be tapes? There could be. Sean Spicer was very evasive when it came


to answering that question. He would not outright say there were no


secret tapes in the White House. It seems like we are talking about the


Nixon White House, but this is the Trump presidency. So going forward


there is a history, there have been reports of Donald Trump taping


members of his own business in his offices when he was a real estate


mogul. But that is speculation as to whether that could happen in the


White House. We will have to wait and see if Donald Trump has asked


himself if there is an existence of a taping system. Do you think there


is some form of rolling back now by the White House, because Sean Spicer


said it is not a threat, there is nothing threatening in the tweet, it


is just stating a fact. Are they trying to row back? I think they are


trying to. Every time they seem to construct a series of arguments or


defences about this firing and they talk about it being a process and


there was a memo, signed off by the Attorney General, Donald Trump goes


out in talks to the media and undercuts what ever came before him.


So you have people like Sean Spicer and even Mike pence who also talk


about the firing being a process within the Department, Joel Trump


undermines that when he says no I planned on firing him from the get


go no matter what the Justice Department said. In reality it is


not until Donald Trump speaks himself that you know what his views


are. Apparently in an interview that will air this weekend cover he is


thinking of not having any press briefings by the press office any


more. And maybe just himself talking to the press every couple of weeks


which would be a major break from tradition. We will leave it there.


Thank you. And of course if you want to stay up-to-date with this


developing story you can visit the live page of


developing story you can visit the live page of our website. It is


being constantly updated with the latest reaction. There are also


links to the analysis from our correspondence in Washington and


don't forget you can also download the wonderful app. Let's take a look


at some of the other stories making the news. Candidates in a run's


presidential election exchanged barbs in their final debate on


Friday. They accused each other of corruption and economic


mismanagement. The current president is contesting the election to be


held next week along with five other candidates. Soldiers in the Ivory


Coast have opened fire in at least five military bases across the


country. It is reported there was shooting in the air in protest of


the deal made with the Government to scrap plans to give them back pay


and bonuses. It follows a televised apology by a spokesman for the


soldiers over previous protest over pay. Pope Francis has embarked on a


pilgrimage to central Portugal where up to a 1 million people are


expected to attend the canonisation of two children who had visions of


the virgin Mary one century ago. Italy's highest court has upheld the


16 year jail sentence imposed on the captain of a shipwrecked cruise


liner. 32 people died when the vessel hit rocks off an Italian


island in 2012. The captain was also convicted of abandoning ship before


his passengers and crew were clear. This was the definitive ruling by


Italy's highest court. It had to consider an earlier ruling by a


lower court which had convicted him on multiple counts of manslaughter,


on causing a maritime accident, on abandoning ship before its


passengers and true was safe,. Italy's highest court has decided


that verdict is sound. And that is that. It now means that the captain


will begin to serve his 16 year sentence under the weight Italian


law works he did not have to serve it until it was finally concluded.


That has now happened. His lawyer says his he is on his way to hand


himself in. Has there been any reaction from the families of those


who died? A lawyer spoke on the steps of the court saying that this


is finally justice at last. They're in mind this was more than five


years ago that this happened and the captain throughout that time has


suggested he was not to blame. The families disagreed. Now the court


has sided with the families saying that the captain's bad handling of


the ship, his decision not to steer it properly, his decision to abandon


ship before everyone was safe, is an issue for which he has to serve 16


in prison. Thank you very much. Do stay with us because still to come


we will have the latest on Chelsea's bid for the English Premier League


title. The Pope was shot, the Pope will


live, that is the essence of the news from Rome this afternoon,


that's terrorism has come to the Vatican. The man they call the


Butcher of Leon went on trial in the town where he was the Gestapo chief


in a Second World War. Winnie Mandela did not look like a woman


sentenced to six years in jail. The judge told her there was no


indication she felt even the slightest rewards. They have called


for help for the victims of an earthquake. The computer has


triumphed over the chess champion. It is the first time this has


happened. America's first legal same-sex marriages have been taking


place in Massachusetts. God bless America!


This is BBC World News today. The latest headlines: a cyber hacker has


hit the attack in an -- a cyber attack has hit the NHS in England.


President Trump has warned the sacked director of the FBI not to


leak stories to the press in a series of early-morning tweets.


South Africa has been hit by violent demonstrations this week. Registers


are demanding houses and jobs and have clashed with police in several


townships south of Johannesburg. They put pressure on the Government


to deliver on election promises. The Government has admitted the issues


behind the latest wave of protests are genuine and deserve a response.


Here is our report. A sense of calm returns


following days of protests. The demonstrations were led


by communities who feel marginalised and neglected,


protesters up in arms over The week-long unrest,


dubbed service delivery protests, Poverty and stubbornly high


unemployment 23 years after the end of apartheid has angered many,


piling pressure on Labelled coloured under apartheid,


not black, not white, the community of Eldorado Park south


of Johannesburg feels unheard Some have even openly declared that


life was better under white minority rule while others say


the protests are justified. The government must act to build


houses firstly, then the community, will take the government seriously,


but if they don't start, we will not stop until our


demands have been met. But our protests in South Africa


is to start to build. streets, no cars pass, no one goes


to work. That is how we put this


government in action. This woman has been on the housing


waiting list for more than 20 years. She lives in a one-bedroom house


with family members. I feel frustrated, I feel very


disappointed in all of this. Now because of us young people


who can't get houses, we have You vote for houses


you don't get the house, you vote for jobs, you don't get


a job so it hasn't helped. I don't know what to say but I'm


struggling with my children. It's only my disability grant


for this little money. There are concerns that


criminal elements are infiltrating these protests


but the grievances remain genuine. Like many communities


in South Africa, most people just want a piece of land to build


a house on - a simple request that successive administrations


have failed to address. Corruption is often cited


as the reason why the government appears unable to deliver


on the many promises The United States and China have


announced a new trade deal. The unexpected agreement gives US


farmers, energy companies and financial services access to China's


huge market. It also reflects the warming in relations between


Washington and Beijing. Our business correspondence has more. It is a


really significant deal and broadly speaking it gives American credit


rating agencies and credit card companies, financial services


basically, access to China's all-important market, the


middle-class in particular American beef exporters will also be able to


sell their products in China after years of being banned, and China


will also accept shipments of US liquefied natural gas. In return


China gets to sell its cooked poultry products to the US. But


frankly this isn't just a deal about trade. It is also about


relationships. Typically the criticism from foreign investors who


are doing business in China, they say it is usual China late that


benefits the most. That is what Trump has said on the campaign


train, that is he has promised to make China play by the rules and


open up its might markets to American businesses. This deal looks


like he has gone some way to getting what he wants. But Beijing is not


one to give something for nothing. This weekend China is hosting a


summit, is coming out party to the world. And it wants global


recognition for this plan. Part of this trade deal includes the US


sending some of its representatives to the summit, something that


previous administrations never did before.


Now all the sport. Chelsea are playing the game in which they could


win the Premier League title. It would be their second in three


years, three more points is all they need. They have three games to do it


but they would love to do it in the first one, that is against West


Bromwich be right now. They have had just over an hour and it is still


0-0. If Chelsea do not wrap it up in this match they have another chance


on Monday night against Watford at home. They are currently goalless.


It is one of two matches being played tonight in the Premier


League. Currently Everton are leading 1-0 against Watford in the


other. Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton was the fastest in one of two practice


sessions. It was an embarrassing day for the hero. Formula 1 you season


kicks up with Spanish Grand Prix in Barcelona. The teams took to the


track for the first time on Friday with two 1.5 hour sessions. All of


the teams brought a lot of our Islamic upgrades to the race and on


the evidence site far it looked like first blood to Mercedes. Lewis


Hamilton was fastest in both of the two practice sessions closely


followed by his team-mate. This is an important race for Halton, used


to reassert himself within the team after his team-mate won his first


Grand Prix in Russia two weeks ago. So far so good Hamilton. Behind him


came the two Ferraris. A good day for others. The only person who


didn't have a good day was the double world hero Fernando Alonso.


He was last in both sessions and managed just two corners of the


first session before his engine let go. He managed a few more laps in


the second session but was still slowest of everybody. A slightly


depressing time for the crowd and their driver. Rafa Nadal described


his straight sets win is a beautiful match as he set up a meeting with


Novak Djokovic. He managed a bruising first set despite eight


break points and then broke his opponents resolve with his


relentless energy in the second set. Djokovic had a bye after his


opponent withdrew through injury. Nadal and Djokovic will meet each


other in the last four in Madrid. Barcelona defender Piquet's plans


for a world tennis events have been backed. Such a tournament would be


backed -- arrival to the Davis cap. -- the Davis Cup. His plan would see


a single tournament take place in just one location over a maximum of


ten days. Chelsea could be 24 minutes away from the cheque Premier


League title, but it is still 0-0. That is all the sport for now.


It is the final of the Eurovision Song contest on Saturday. This


year's competition has been overshadowed even more than usual by


politics. The host nation Ukraine has barred Russia's singer from


entering the country. Then there is Brexit. Will the UK's European


neighbours It's the final of the Eurovision


Song contest this Saturday in Kiev. The UK's entry is one of its


strongest in years. I'm nervous but if I wasn't I would worry about


myself. Singing in front of 200 million people, if you are not


nervous it is crazy. It is easy to forget there is a serious side to


the annual fest of cacophony and kitsch. The idea behind the


Eurovision Song contest is a noble one. To use music to break down


borders and bring different countries and cultures and


communities together. The problem this year is that politics is centre


stage. Russia's entrance was not allowed into Ukraine. The first time


Eurovision host nation has barred a singer. Ukraine said the artist had


violated its border laws by visiting Crimea, the Ukrainian peninsular


annexed by Russia. She was back there this week, stoking the


controversy. Then there is Brexit. Theresa May thinks that will spoil


our Eurovision party. In current circumstances I don't know how many


votes we will get. LAUGHTER


But even before Brexit the UK was struggling in Eurovision. That must


be politics, mustn't it? The songs were bad, the performances were bad,


that is the reason. Nobody votes for us when the songs are bad at the


singers are bad, and we had some bad ones, I tell you! So maybe, just


maybe, with a good song and a great performance, the UK can achieve


Eurovision goals. -- Eurovision gold.


And that takes place on Saturday. You have been watching BBC News


today. Stay with us, there is plenty more coming up.


Good evening. The Highlands of Scotland was the place to be for


some sunshine this afternoon. And it was quite warm


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