17/07/2017 World News Today


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17/07/2017

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Round two of the formal Brexit talks gets under way.

:00:00.:00:16.

It's time to get down to business say officials as they try to hammer

:00:17.:00:19.

out some of the key details over Britain's departure from the EU.

:00:20.:00:22.

After North Korea's intercontinental ballistic missile test,

:00:23.:00:25.

the South offers talks, but how will the invitation

:00:26.:00:27.

And the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge become

:00:28.:00:34.

the latest high profile visitors to touch down in Poland -

:00:35.:00:37.

the first stop in their diplomacy tour with family in tow.

:00:38.:00:54.

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:00:55.:00:56.

Britain's Brexit minister has pledged to get down to business

:00:57.:00:59.

as the second round of formal talks on the UK's departure from

:01:00.:01:02.

In a brief appearance alongside EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier,

:01:03.:01:09.

Mr Davis said there had been a good start to the process.

:01:10.:01:13.

Mr Barnier described the atmospherics as good and said

:01:14.:01:15.

talks would now delve into the heart of the matter.

:01:16.:01:18.

This week's discussions will mainly revolve around the issues

:01:19.:01:22.

of the Irish border - that's the frontier

:01:23.:01:24.

between Northern Ireland, a part of the UK, and the Republic

:01:25.:01:27.

The size of any so-called divorce bill, which is the financial

:01:28.:01:33.

commitment Britain made as a member and has to honour before leaving.

:01:34.:01:37.

And citizen rights - what will happen to millions of EU

:01:38.:01:40.

citizens living in the UK, and about a million UK expats

:01:41.:01:44.

But a year after Britain voted narrowly to leave the EU,

:01:45.:01:50.

the UK Government seemed at war with itself over Brexit,

:01:51.:01:54.

with leaks over the weekend suggesting the cabinet is extremely

:01:55.:01:57.

Our political editor Laura Kuennesberg has the latest.

:01:58.:02:04.

They don't really have much time to hang around,

:02:05.:02:08.

the two men who'll haggle over how we leave.

:02:09.:02:12.

Especially with the UK's political situation rather fluid, at best.

:02:13.:02:17.

It's incredibly important we now make good progress,

:02:18.:02:21.

that we negotiate through this and identify the differences

:02:22.:02:25.

so we can deal with them, and identify the similarities

:02:26.:02:27.

And now it's time to get down to work and make this

:02:28.:02:33.

Working out the Irish border, the Brexit bill,

:02:34.:02:46.

But government ministers don't agree completely

:02:47.:02:49.

Perhaps that is why the Brexit secretary seemed

:02:50.:02:53.

Perhaps because chatter around the Cabinet at home suggests

:02:54.:02:57.

You've seen in another part of town today, I'm very pleased that

:02:58.:03:06.

negotiations are beginning, and as you know, a very fair,

:03:07.:03:13.

serious offer has been put on the table by the UK Government.

:03:14.:03:17.

It's not just that Government has to wrangle Brexit

:03:18.:03:19.

through Brussels and Parliament, but deal with other pressures

:03:20.:03:22.

and disagreements - on public sector pay

:03:23.:03:25.

Above all, the disagreements have emerged into daylight

:03:26.:03:31.

because the discipline Theresa May had imposed on the Tories

:03:32.:03:34.

has all but disappeared since the general election.

:03:35.:03:37.

Tomorrow, she will warn the cabinet to behave,

:03:38.:03:47.

to keep their views to themselves, but those

:03:48.:03:49.

with desire for the top job believe the game is on.

:03:50.:03:51.

I think whoever is doing it, everybody needs to get

:03:52.:03:55.

into a cold bath or shower, and then get together

:03:56.:03:58.

and have a warm pint afterwards because this is damaging.

:03:59.:04:01.

It's damaging to the party, to the Parliamentary MPs,

:04:02.:04:06.

Remember him, urging the Tories today to inspire,

:04:07.:04:12.

The risk for the Tories - the current generation hurts each

:04:13.:04:17.

From the UK to the US, where it is Made in America week

:04:18.:04:25.

at the White House - there will be a show of goods

:04:26.:04:28.

on the South Lawn as President Trump promotes US manufacturing.

:04:29.:04:31.

But when it comes to legislation there are fears that the Senate's

:04:32.:04:34.

health care bill may be stalled after Senator John McCain

:04:35.:04:37.

underwent surgery and is out for at least a week.

:04:38.:04:40.

And the President has once again tweeted his support for his son

:04:41.:04:43.

Don Jr, who met with a Russian lawyer during the election campaign.

:04:44.:04:47.

Here to help us through it all is the BBC's Anthony Zurcher.

:04:48.:04:54.

The White House is trying to shift the focus back to the economy but

:04:55.:05:02.

bringing jobs and manufacturing back to the US is easier said than done.

:05:03.:05:08.

Absolutely, happy Made in America wait to you. There is a running

:05:09.:05:14.

theme over this year, the Trump Administration have tried to focus

:05:15.:05:19.

on infrastructure, jobs, spending on infrastructure. It is become a

:05:20.:05:25.

running joke because these weeks tend to get sidetracked by Don

:05:26.:05:29.

from's own statements. He was tweeting about a woman's golf

:05:30.:05:35.

tournament over the weekend and the infrastructure week was sidetracked

:05:36.:05:39.

by James Komi's testimony. Nobody really mentioned anything about

:05:40.:05:44.

infrastructure week at the time and nobody has talked about it since, so

:05:45.:05:49.

there are lorries and fire trucks and construction equipment scattered

:05:50.:05:53.

over the lawn of the White House but we will see if it can break through

:05:54.:05:59.

the messages. Let's get back to the Tbits as he wants to do before the

:06:00.:06:05.

summer is out, health care reform, a stumbling block with news that John

:06:06.:06:10.

McCain is recovering from can -- surgery? John Mike Kane was a

:06:11.:06:16.

reliable vote for health care reform, it shows if Republicans lose

:06:17.:06:22.

one reliable vote they may not be able to pass the bill. Also the

:06:23.:06:27.

budget office scoring of the impact on unemployed people may not come

:06:28.:06:34.

out in time, Republicans have extended their stay here in

:06:35.:06:38.

Washington for a couple of weeks in August but may not get to work. The

:06:39.:06:44.

president has also reiterated his support for his son Don Junior, last

:06:45.:06:49.

week you could have said was Russian e-mail week. What more can we expect

:06:50.:06:57.

on that? It is a steady drip of new information, we are finding out

:06:58.:07:02.

about new people who attended this meeting, a Russian American

:07:03.:07:05.

lobbyists who said documents were handed over, some detail on possible

:07:06.:07:11.

ties between the Democrats and Russia, something Donald Junior has

:07:12.:07:17.

said never happened, so it seems like every new story, there is a new

:07:18.:07:20.

reason for the Trump Administration to get on the defensive. I spoke to

:07:21.:07:26.

said they don't mind the Russian thing because they think a lot of it

:07:27.:07:32.

is made up by the media. The President's approval ratings came

:07:33.:07:37.

out and were not good for him. They show a record low for his

:07:38.:07:42.

Administration at 36%, which is lower than Barack Obama or George W

:07:43.:07:49.

Bush at the same point in their administrations. Republican support

:07:50.:07:55.

is still high, 80%, it is Democrats and independents who are becoming

:07:56.:08:01.

strongly opposed to him. That may undermine Republicans trying to run

:08:02.:08:04.

for election next year but that is still a long way off and Democrats,

:08:05.:08:10.

a majority think American Democrats only stand for anti-Trump, not for

:08:11.:08:14.

anything on their own. Democrats need to find their own issue to

:08:15.:08:20.

campaign on, they cannot just be the anti-Donald Trump party. Thank you,

:08:21.:08:24.

Anthony. Well, among President Trump's

:08:25.:08:26.

promises on the campaign trail was an immigration crackdown -

:08:27.:08:28.

with a pledge to deport So far arrests have risen but actual

:08:29.:08:30.

deportations haven't. But a special report by the BBC's

:08:31.:08:34.

Panorama programme reveals that thousands of undocumented immigrants

:08:35.:08:36.

with no criminal records are also being caught in these sweeps,

:08:37.:08:40.

with families split apart One morning in May,

:08:41.:08:43.

when they were getting ready for school in their home

:08:44.:08:52.

in San Diego, California, border patrol officers came

:08:53.:08:55.

and arrested both of their parents. They just came up to my mum

:08:56.:08:59.

and told her she was arrested Their parents, Rosenda

:09:00.:09:02.

and Francisco Duarte Snr, have been living in America

:09:03.:09:10.

illegally the 21 years. Border patrol initially

:09:11.:09:15.

suspected them of involvement in international human trafficking,

:09:16.:09:17.

but later dropped the accusation. The Duarte parents run

:09:18.:09:22.

a small ice cream business The first night alone,

:09:23.:09:25.

the children all moved their beds Francisco, the older brother, now

:09:26.:09:32.

does his best to run the household. The border guards knew

:09:33.:09:38.

they were leaving a teenager They just asked me,

:09:39.:09:40.

are you Francisco? They said, OK, you can

:09:41.:09:43.

take care of them. So they just left you here

:09:44.:09:51.

with all the family? President Trump came to office

:09:52.:09:55.

on a promise to prioritise We have some bad hombres here

:09:56.:09:58.

and we are going to get them out. In his first 100 days,

:09:59.:10:06.

41,000 illegals or suspected Most were criminals,

:10:07.:10:10.

but there was a massive spike in people like the Duartes

:10:11.:10:15.

being arrested, non-criminals President Trump's supporters

:10:16.:10:18.

say the administration Nobody wants families split

:10:19.:10:23.

and the way to ensure that, if you are a family,

:10:24.:10:30.

is to not come to this Sometimes the sins of the father

:10:31.:10:33.

are visited upon the sons, and that's unfortunate,

:10:34.:10:38.

but the Government didn't The Duartes went to see their

:10:39.:10:41.

parents in the immigrant detention Their mother has since been released

:10:42.:10:47.

on bail, but both parents still face possible deportation,

:10:48.:10:56.

as now do any of America's Today the Washington Post reported

:10:57.:10:58.

that the United Arab Emirates hacked into Qatari government news websites

:10:59.:11:08.

and social media, posting inflammatory false quotes attributed

:11:09.:11:14.

to the Emir of Qatar. Those reports then sparked

:11:15.:11:17.

the ongoing upheaval between Qatar and its neighbours which led

:11:18.:11:19.

to the cutting of diplomatic ties. The UAE Minister of State

:11:20.:11:22.

for Foreign Affairs, Anwar bin Mohammed Gargash,

:11:23.:11:24.

spoke to the BBC's Lucy Hockings earlier today and issued this

:11:25.:11:28.

denial of the report. This is a crisis. Every day there is

:11:29.:11:45.

a new allegation and there was an allegation about us asking for the

:11:46.:11:50.

withdrawal of Qatar from hosting the World Cup, today it is this one,

:11:51.:11:57.

completely untrue. They are quite specific allegations from US

:11:58.:12:00.

intelligence. And it said than defied also. Washington Post is

:12:01.:12:08.

quoting intelligence sources. You believe there was a hack? I just

:12:09.:12:14.

want to say the story is completely untrue. I haven't read the story

:12:15.:12:18.

yet, I have seen the reports but it is untrue. It says your country

:12:19.:12:24.

hacked Qatar's news websites. And posted comments that said that

:12:25.:12:25.

"Qatar's ruler praises Do you think he would have

:12:26.:12:28.

said those comments? Very diplomatically

:12:29.:12:32.

sensitive comments. No, I think if you look

:12:33.:12:33.

at the comments, they are very consistent with what they have been

:12:34.:12:36.

doing. I'm talking about the hack,

:12:37.:12:38.

completely untrue. They also said that on the 23rd

:12:39.:12:40.

of May, senior members of your government discussed

:12:41.:12:42.

the plan and its implementation. Again, the whole story

:12:43.:12:45.

is completely untrue. For the first time in nearly two

:12:46.:12:51.

years, South Korea has proposed The proposal comes in spite

:12:52.:12:54.

of the test earlier this month of what many experts say

:12:55.:12:59.

was Pyongyang's first President Moon Jae-in,

:13:00.:13:01.

who took over leadership of the South in May,

:13:02.:13:09.

has said he wants to see closer engagement with the North

:13:10.:13:12.

to de-escalate what he describes But how will that sit with the US

:13:13.:13:14.

and regional allies? We are joined from Washington

:13:15.:13:20.

now by Balbina Hwang, who formerly served in the State

:13:21.:13:22.

department and is now These engagement the right way to

:13:23.:13:37.

handle the North Korean situation? I don't think only engagement, I think

:13:38.:13:41.

it has to be engagement along with all other types of Africa, including

:13:42.:13:48.

upping some of the pressure against these outrageous activities North

:13:49.:13:52.

Korea conducts, and that is what President Moon Jae-in has said will

:13:53.:13:57.

be his policy. How do you think countries like the US who have been

:13:58.:14:01.

promising at tougher stance on North Korea will take this? The Trump

:14:02.:14:08.

Administration has declared that it will pursue a tougher stance but it

:14:09.:14:15.

has also made clear that it is also interested in types of engagement,

:14:16.:14:19.

including diplomatic and political engagement, so I believe there is

:14:20.:14:25.

full support from the US and I hope the cupboard nation between the

:14:26.:14:29.

Allies is close. What about other players in the region? This is in

:14:30.:14:35.

line with what China has claimed it has wanted for several decades and I

:14:36.:14:43.

don't think anybody else would oppose this approach, not even

:14:44.:14:47.

Japan, and I think Shinzo a also understands there has to be some

:14:48.:14:52.

sort of engagement along with continued pressure to stop North

:14:53.:14:58.

Korea's illicit activities. This is the intention to hold these talks

:14:59.:15:02.

but what is the likelihood of that happening? There is been so much

:15:03.:15:08.

debate about engagement were not and whether one is better than the

:15:09.:15:13.

other, I think we have moved beyond the debate about engagement, the

:15:14.:15:18.

point about engagement is it only works if both sides of the party

:15:19.:15:24.

participate, and the problem is not the engagement itself but that North

:15:25.:15:28.

Korea has consistently refused for the last six years to engage, so we

:15:29.:15:34.

will have to see if North Korea will respond to President Moon's

:15:35.:15:42.

approaches. Does this gesture from South Korea are effectively

:15:43.:15:44.

legitimise North Korea's actions at the moment? I suppose some would

:15:45.:15:51.

argue that but I think we have moved beyond that point. What I like about

:15:52.:15:57.

this recent proposal from President Moon is that he is talking about

:15:58.:16:02.

military engagements and that is critical. Some of the broad gestures

:16:03.:16:07.

he has ventured is starting a co-economic involvement project, and

:16:08.:16:15.

reunion groups, to me those are gestures which I am not certain

:16:16.:16:18.

would get North Korea to take action. It is really military action

:16:19.:16:23.

and military talks are crucial if North Korea is willing to

:16:24.:16:29.

participate. Thank you for joining us and we will see if those talks to

:16:30.:16:31.

happen. Let's take a look at some of

:16:32.:16:32.

the other stories making the news. The United Nations says the number

:16:33.:16:35.

of civilian casualties in Afghanistan has reached a record

:16:36.:16:37.

high in the first half of 2017. In a new report, the UN said more

:16:38.:16:40.

than 1600 people were killed from January to the end of June,

:16:41.:16:44.

an increase of 2% The majority of the victims died

:16:45.:16:46.

in attacks by the Taliban Two bomb blasts have killed at least

:16:47.:16:50.

nine people in the city of Maiduguri A female suicide bomber blew

:16:51.:16:55.

herself up at a mosque, killing eight people

:16:56.:17:02.

during morning prayers. In another incident,

:17:03.:17:03.

the police say Boko Haram insurgents forcefully strapped explosives

:17:04.:17:05.

to a ten-year-old boy Relatives of the mostly Dutch

:17:06.:17:07.

passengers of the Malaysia Airlines flight shot down over Ukraine three

:17:08.:17:14.

years ago have gathered for a ceremony in the Netherlands

:17:15.:17:17.

to dedicate a memorial forest The memorial site is close

:17:18.:17:19.

to Schiphol Airport, where Flight MH17 left on its last

:17:20.:17:24.

journey three years ago. Investigators say the rocket that

:17:25.:17:26.

brought down the plane was fired from territory controlled

:17:27.:17:29.

by Russian-backed rebels. A terminally ill man has

:17:30.:17:37.

begun a legal challenge against the ban on assisted dying

:17:38.:17:39.

in England and Wales. 67-year-old Noel Conway has

:17:40.:17:42.

motor neurone disease. He says he fears becoming entombed

:17:43.:17:45.

in his body and wants to be able to choose when and where he dies,

:17:46.:17:49.

without those who aid Currently it is illegal

:17:50.:17:52.

to help someone to die. Our medical correspondent

:17:53.:17:57.

Fergus Walsh reports. It's an issue which polarises

:17:58.:18:01.

opinion, and keeps coming The latest challenge

:18:02.:18:09.

is from Noel Conway from Shropshire, who was too weak to attend

:18:10.:18:16.

today's hearing. Motor neurone disease

:18:17.:18:19.

means he increasingly Once fit and active, his muscles

:18:20.:18:25.

are progressively wasting. He fears how he will die,

:18:26.:18:33.

and wants a doctor to be allowed I want to be able to say goodbye

:18:34.:18:37.

to the people that I love at the right time, not to be

:18:38.:18:44.

in a zombie-like condition, suffering both physically

:18:45.:18:50.

and psychologically. It is only three years

:18:51.:18:54.

since the Supreme Court rejected a similar plea for a right to die

:18:55.:19:02.

from Tony Nicklinson, though he was not considered

:19:03.:19:07.

to be terminally ill. The blanket ban on assisted dying

:19:08.:19:10.

has been challenged many times, and in every case, the courts have

:19:11.:19:15.

rejected the central argument that the current law breaches human

:19:16.:19:19.

rights by preventing people Mr Conway's lawyers argue

:19:20.:19:24.

that his challenge is different, as it applies to a narrow group

:19:25.:19:30.

of people - those who are terminally ill, with less than six months

:19:31.:19:37.

to live, and who have a settled But those safeguards have already

:19:38.:19:40.

failed to persuade Parliament. It's only two years since MPs

:19:41.:19:46.

overwhelmingly rejected proposals Baroness Jane Campbell,

:19:47.:19:50.

a disability rights campaigner, says changing the law would send

:19:51.:19:57.

all the wrong signals, This case must not become law

:19:58.:20:00.

because it will burden disabled people across the country,

:20:01.:20:08.

who will not feel safe without the protection of a law

:20:09.:20:12.

that says it is wrong Noel Conway's health is faltering,

:20:13.:20:16.

and he knows he may die The High Court will reserve

:20:17.:20:25.

its judgment until October, and it may then go all the way

:20:26.:20:31.

to the Supreme Court. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge

:20:32.:20:39.

have arrived in Warsaw for the first part of an official visit to both

:20:40.:20:43.

Poland and Germany Along with them are

:20:44.:20:45.

their three-year-old son George and two-year-old

:20:46.:20:48.

daughter Charlotte. From Warsaw, our royal

:20:49.:20:50.

correspondent Peter Hunt reports. At three, he's far too young to know

:20:51.:20:57.

if he's a reluctant royal, but Prince George definitely wasn't

:20:58.:21:01.

keen to embrace Warsaw One future king did persuade another

:21:02.:21:04.

one to follow in his footsteps. On the tarmac, George struck

:21:05.:21:16.

a nonchalant pose and practised A fidgeting toddler

:21:17.:21:19.

with a lifetime under an intense Princess Charlotte's freedom

:21:20.:21:26.

of movement was constrained The language divide isn't

:21:27.:21:32.

the only challenge. Here, a country that relatively

:21:33.:21:40.

recently embraced the EU is welcoming royals from one

:21:41.:21:44.

on its way out of the institution. The nitty-gritty of Brexit

:21:45.:21:51.

will not feature here. Rather, William and Kate

:21:52.:21:58.

are in Warsaw to remind people of the depth of past links

:21:59.:22:01.

and the potential for future ones Warsaw's past on display

:22:02.:22:03.

on a memorial wall to those murdered when, during the Second World War,

:22:04.:22:10.

the Poles tried and failed You wore this all the time

:22:11.:22:14.

during the uprising? Marjenna Schejbal, aged 20,

:22:15.:22:19.

joined the Warsaw uprising. Now 92, she said they had

:22:20.:22:25.

to fight for independence. We couldn't stand any longer those

:22:26.:22:29.

misbehavings from Germany. The spoken-for royal

:22:30.:22:36.

with an admirer in the crowd. A crowd like others elsewhere,

:22:37.:22:46.

curious to see the future And the Duke and Duchess of

:22:47.:23:06.

Cambridge will head to Germany for the next leg of that tour.

:23:07.:23:07.

More than 60 years ago, a feisty little girl named Eloise

:23:08.:23:10.

Her adventures in the Plaza Hotel entertained many who read the books

:23:11.:23:14.

Now an exhibition in Manhattan is celebrating

:23:15.:23:18.

the book that Kay Thompson and Hilary Knight created.

:23:19.:23:21.

It's appropriately named Eloise at the Museum

:23:22.:23:23.

Eloise landed with a skibble and a squeak at the Plaza Hotel

:23:24.:23:42.

She was a six-year-old girl, no parents, no siblings, just nanny,

:23:43.:23:50.

living in luxury at this splendid hotel, and America

:23:51.:23:54.

I think the secret of Eloise's charm and allure is twofold -

:23:55.:24:02.

one, it's that voice, that funny voice that

:24:03.:24:05.

The other part is Hilary Knight's drawings, which are full

:24:06.:24:10.

of marvellous detail and rhythm and gesture and mime.

:24:11.:24:17.

When a child reads a picture book he enters into the book

:24:18.:24:21.

and that was what I was trying to accomplish in the gallery here -

:24:22.:24:24.

you enter the Plaza, you see the house phones and you can

:24:25.:24:27.

pick up a house phone and hear Bernadette Peters reading

:24:28.:24:31.

You see Eloise at Christmas time and you see a beautiful suite

:24:32.:24:40.

of finished drawings from Eloise in Moscow, which was published

:24:41.:24:43.

in 1959 and was the last book in the original series.

:24:44.:24:48.

In the middle of the Cold War, Kay and Hilary went to the Soviet Union.

:24:49.:24:52.

It's like Kay's prank phone call to the Soviets.

:24:53.:24:55.

She's spoofing the harshness of the Soviet regime by contrasting

:24:56.:25:00.

it with this little girl from the decadent West,

:25:01.:25:03.

this rich young thing who arrives in a Rolls-Royce.

:25:04.:25:09.

To be a really successful picture book you have to do three things.

:25:10.:25:12.

You have to have an amazing heroine or hero, you have to evoke

:25:13.:25:16.

a wonderful spot like the Plaza, and you have to last

:25:17.:25:20.

through several generations, and Eloise has done all three

:25:21.:25:23.

And the adventures of Haagen-Dazs end our programme here and her

:25:24.:25:39.

stories have spanned generations. Don't forget you can get

:25:40.:25:41.

in touch with me and Thank you for watching and please

:25:42.:25:46.

stay with BBC World News.

:25:47.:25:50.