19/07/2017 World News Today


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A second undisclosed meeting between Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin


The two leaders reportedly had an hour-long conversation


at the G20 with only a Russian interpreter present.


But the White House says the reaction is overblown.


many are crossing into Brazil and unrest on the rise,


which is now struggling to cope with the arrivals.


Families are slipping on a floor of the gymnasium. More than 300. But


with more arrivals every week some families are having to sleep


outside. A zoo in the UK is joining the fight


to save the northern white rhino. We'll show you what is being done


before it's too late. Hello and welcome


to World News Today. On the current political stage


there is perhaps no relationship and Vladimir Putin -


between Donald Trump which explains why their first face


to face meeting at the G20 earlier they held another undisclosed


meeting later that day. It happened just hours


after their first encounter at When reports came out about it last


night however the president Fake News story of secret dinner


with Putin is "sick." All G20 leaders, and


spouses, were invited by the Chancellor of Germany.


Press knew! Well, yes, the fact the dinner


happened was public but it's what transpired there


which Ian Bremmer from the Eurasia Society described


to the BBC earlier today. There was a three and a half hour


long meeting, or dinner, not all of the seats were filled, and about


halfway in, apparently, Donald Trump stands up, goes around a table, sits


down next to Vladimir Putin with the Kremlin translator, nobody else


there, everyone is watching and proceeds to have an incredibly


convivial and engaged conversation for about one hour. It was remarked


upon and thought quite unusual by several of the participants at this


meeting, especially because he clearly wasn't doing that with


anybody else at this dinner at any other point during the course of the


jee 20. -- G20. And joining me now from Washington


is veteran diplomat Thomas Pickering who formerly served as US Ambassador


to Russia. The White House says the meeting was


perfectly normal. In your years of experience, would you agree with


that? I would think it is more normal than the press in the yes is


allowing Mr Trump to convince us, but unusual in the sense that he


used only do translation services of the Russian side and did,


apparently, from that rather vivid and useful description, not spent


time with others. I thought he was sitting next to perhaps the Japanese


Prime Minister Abe, where he had a Japanese interpreter ready to serve


him, but moving around is a very big New York habit even if it isn't,


much, in diplomacy, and opportunities that heads of state


have, often, to do what we would call stop bys is not so unusual that


it doesn't happen at all. I would expect that, in some ways, this is a


little bit overblown on back side, and on the blown on the side that


the president didn't seem to have any help, there and one wonders


whether the Russian interpreter will be a reliable reporter of all of


this. That is the point that some are picking up on, there were no


other US officials present at that meeting. Is it normal for other


years of visuals to be at these meetings, whether it is a Secretary


of State, or someone else? It is, but it is not absolutely required,


and I can think of many occasions when at meetings at the White House


the president but have a group meeting then a one-on-one, or a


one-on-one first then a group meeting, often with an interpreter


present but no one else, provides the US notes which is


why the absence of an interpreter at this meeting does raise some


questions about, was this a good way to do business, and with anybody


else know exactly what was said on the US side, and when we get into


that kind of chat that Sergei Lavrov and Rex Tillerson had, what they


agreed to I didn't agree to on the question of pushing back on election


intervention, all of which doesn't help in a relationship that is


extremely important now and one that should be carefully worked at, to


get it right. The US- Russian relationship has dangers in it and


what we would call sort of amateurism and mistakes can


certainly lead to more than just press anger, it can lead to things


that are more seriously confrontation between these two


countries. This is a relationship which needs to be carefully worked


at matter what advice would you have to the White House about how they


are approaching this? I would say that talking to Mr Bruton was a good


idea at the jee 20 conference, they spent more time than was expected to


be spent -- the G20. My advice is, for goodness' sake, let's have a


period of time when these two meet and discuss the major elements of


this relationship across the board. Secondly, the idea that doing no


harm should be the first principle of repairing a relationship is very


important. And thirdly, neither side should be saying things that worsen


the relationship. Those should be kept for confidential


communications. And fourthly, the relationship between these


presidents needs to be bolstered by more frequent contacts between the


Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Foreign Minister surrogate Alaba, do


flesh out and strengthen whatever it is that they are working on that can


make a contribution to, in fact, turning what has been described as


the worst state of US - Russian relations into something that is


hopefully a little better, as time goes on. Thank you for joining us on


the programme. Now to the biggest domestic


challenge in the US This week has been a rocky one


for the Republican Party which had vowed to repeal and replace


Obamacare. Right now the Senate doesn't look


like it has the votes to do either. But that didn't stop


the president from inviting all 52 Republican Senators


to the White House for lunch. He told them they shouldn't leave


town until action is taken and this


is what he said should happen. We have no choice. We have to repeal


and replace Obamacare. We can repeal it, but the best is repeal and


replace, and let's get going. I intend to keep my promise and I know


that you will, too. Joining me now is our North America


reporter Anthony Zurcher. It is hard to keep track of what the


president wants. One minute it is repeal, the next minute, repeal and


the place. Where do you think things stand at the moment? We have come


full circle in 48 hours. It began as repeal and replace. That is what


Donald Trump has been urging for the past few months. When the replace


Bill Villa Park it became repeal only. Then it became do nothing.


Yesterday he was saying he would let Obamacare collapse on its own and


the Democrats would come crawling to him to try to negotiate some sort of


replacement plan. Now we are back to repeal and replace. But the key


thing to watch is what the Republican senators are going to do.


After Donald Trump gators lunchtime address, the planets have a straight


up repeal bill next week at some point. That probably is going to


fail, but the idea is to get this on the floor somehow, get people


offering amendments and try to come up with some sort of plan on the


floor of the Senate. That is a strange strategy. Like trying to


build the parachute after you have already jumped off the bridge. I


don't know if it is going to succeed. It might not even get to


that point. The president needs to get his own senators on board. That


was the purpose of this much. How successful do you think he's going


to be, and broader Republican senators rally around him? Is that


even a possibility? It is showing that is a challenge for him, to


wrangle any sort of working majority in the Senate not just for health


care but for anything significant he wants to do. If this all falls apart


after the bill next week, they might rebut something that Republicans are


more in line with, that they can agree on, like tax cuts, but to do


that he would have to pass the budget first or 2018. That is


difficult to do. Each major piece of legislation will require lots of


work on the part of the president to try to build an operating coalition


within his own party and, six months into his presidency, we have not


seen any evidence yet that he is able to do that.


from the authorities in Minneapolis is demanding answers


after a police officer fatally shot a woman from Sydney on Saturday.


Malcolm Turnbull has called the incident


Justine Damond died from a single gunshot wound fired through


At dawn in Sydney, hundreds gathered at the silent vigil.


Mourners threw pink flowers into the ocean.


It was Justine Damond's favourite colour.


Across the globe in Minneapolis, friends


and neighbours left flowers and tributes with a simple question


- why did police shoot the 40-year-old yoga teacher?


Australia's Prime Minister is one of those demanding answers


to what he described as an inexplicable killing.


How can a woman out on the street in her pyjamas seeking assistance


Ms Damond had called police to report what she thought may have


been a sexual assault in the alley behind her house.


When she approached the police car, one of the officers, Mohamed Noor,


who was sitting in the passenger seat, shot and killed her.


It was possible he was startled by a loud noise, but as yet,


he has declined to be interviewed by investigators.


We do have more information now, though it is frustrating to have


some of the picture but not all of it.


We cannot compel Officer Noor to make a statement.


Minnesota's bureau of criminal apprehension has taken charge


of the investigation to work out what happened.


It has already confirmed Ms Damond was unarmed.


Why did Officer Noor draw and fire his gun?


What happened from the time the officers arrived on the scene


Why don't we have footage from body cameras?


We all want answers to those questions.


The Australian had relocated to the US to marry her


The wedding would have been next month.


Now, her friends and family are left to wonder how it came to this,


how a woman described as kind-hearted and loving


was killed by someone meant to protect her.


French President Emmanuel Macron has been dealt a blow after the


head of the country's armed forces tendered his resignation.


It follows a very public row over cuts to France's defence budget.


General Pierre de Villiers said he was no longer able to guarantee


enough troops to ensure France's security.


Let's speak to Nicholas Vinocur, politics reporter,


Thank you for joining us. Firstly, why has he quit? He has quit because


he wanted to make a protest against the president over this budget cut


which we should say is a budget cut for 2017, the overall trajectory of


military and defence spending is rising until 2025. This was a


political challenge to the new president. And that is the way it is


being taken today. A political challenge, you say. How politically


damaging is this for Emmanuelle Macron? Certainly, on the day it


doesn't look good. Although the opposition forces from the far right


National Front to the far left, piled onto the president and accused


him of forcing out what they call a military man with great integrity


and a good reputation. So this is not a good day for president Macron,


and when you take other sectors, professional sectors that are also


starting to protest against budget cuts, it does put him in some


difficulty. We should put this in some perspective. This is the first


test of the President's authority, after a first three months in power


which have been almost surreally positive for him. This is domestic


issues coming back to bite. He's making a major cut to the French


budget. It is not so surprising that there is going to be some turbulence


in these first months, and there will be more. What does this say


about his chances of pushing other parts of his policy agenda through?


He says he's only new individual, three months in. We should keep an


eye on the fundamentals here. Emmanuelle Macron was elected with a


wide mandate to reform. He was explicit about not just that budget


cuts but his plans to reform the Labour system, to reform the pension


system, the unemployment benefit system. None of this was concealed


or minimised during his campaign. So, voters know exactly what they


will get. Secondly, he has a broad majority in Parliament. He doesn't


need to enlist any support from other political groups to push


through these reforms. And on the very difficult ones he is using


executive decree, to push them through Parliament. What we are


getting is commentary which could be damaging and could affect his


popularity. It is having an affect on his popularity, which was very


high, to some degree, but on the whole, the president will whether


this. It is General Pierre de Villiers left. He was replaced


within the day, within a few hours of his resignation. I would suggest


that this episode is going to pass. It was a test for the president.


But, by no means, as it knocked him out or really undermined his


determination to push through the reforms. Thank you very much but


joining us. -- for joining us. For the first time the BBC has


published the salaries of its highest paid employees,


who are earning more than ?150,000 -


or $195,000 - a year. It comes as the government forced


the disclosure as part of the BBC's annual report,


which details the salaries The BBC's Director General,


Lord Hall, said the corporation and warned that making the details


public would drive up wages. Of the 96 on the list,


only a third are women. The highest earner was revealed


to be Radio Presenter and ex-Top


Gear host Chris Evans who earns In Venezuela the economy


is on the verge of collapse and as protests against


the government grow, the threat of a larger humanitarian


crisis is spilling over So far this year 52,000


Venezuelans have Our South America correspondent


Katy Watson has this report from the Brazilian state of Roraima


- on the Venezuelan border - It's a simple meal but one that


people here are grateful for. The lunch queue at the shelter


in Boa Vista The shelter has been open


for just over six months. They are offering medical


help, vaccinations, Families are sleeping on the floor


of the gymnasium, more than 300. With more and more arrivals


every week, some families Oscar says his family


came here to find work. He shows me around his new home,


a piece of tarpaulin under which he, his four children and wife


eat and sleep. He is a member of the


indigenous Warao tribe. He, like hundreds in his community,


says they are having to flee But hunger is not the only thing


driving Venezuelans out. TRANSLATION: What we've seen


this month is people arriving here very scared,


traumatised, they tell us stories Some have mental health issues


because they've had to leave Together with her friends,


with a degree in education. she's having to resort to asking


for work the traffic lights. Washing windscreens is one


way to make ends meet. TRANSLATION: I was thinking


of my children's future, to give them food so they wouldn't


die of malnutrition, to pay for their medicine,


if they're ill. In Venezuela, they don't


give you anything. The number of Venezuelan sex workers


in Boa Vista is also on the rise. I spoke to a 22-year-old


mother of three who says she can now support her family,


who live with her in Brazil. Three hours up the road


is the border with Venezuela, William has brought this mountain


of cash to buy 14 sacks of sugar He comes through every three


days and it's a 12-hour


car journey each way. Leaving it any longer would mean


carrying even more cash than this and robberies on the road


are common, he tells me. TRANSLATION: In Venezuela,


you don't live, you survive. In order to live, you have


to go to another country. Sleeping on the streets of Brazil


is more about survival than living. For these Venezuelans, they say it's


still better than back home. While some stay put,


many others continue the long journey to find a better


quality of life. The four Arab nations leading


a boycott on the Gulf state of Qatar are no longer insisting


that the country complies with a list of 13 demands


tabled last month. Instead, diplomats from


Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt have asked Qatar


to implement six broad principles Qatar, which has faced six weeks


of disruptions under the boycott, A zoo here in the UK is taking


part in a radical plan, to save the northern white


rhino from extinction. There are just three


left in the world, but at Longleat Safari Park,


the rhino's closest relatives, Our science correspondent


Rebecca Morelle has Meet Ebun - a seven-year-old


southern white rhino who could


save a species from extinction. The one and a half tonne


animal is sedated. A little agitated at first,


but soon she is sound asleep. She is ready to take


part in Scientists are harvesting her eggs


to be fertilised in a lab. The team here are keeping an


incredibly close eye on this rhino. It is essential she stays


under heavy sedation. Over the last week or so she's been


given hormone treatment, but what's been done today requires


millimetric precision. Egg collection is really only


a technique that has been This is conservation science


at its most extreme. Here's the animal Ebun could save,


her closest living relative, Once widespread across central


Africa, today there are just


three left on the planet. Back at Longleat in


a makeshift laboratory, the researchers check for eggs.


They find one. They will take this southern white


rhino egg and mix it with sperm from one of the last northern white


rhinos, creating a hybrid. Scientists say it is better


than losing the species altogether. The last three can die at any time,


they are not as old but anything can happen to them and then


all the genetics would be lost. If we have at least 50% of this


species preserved in a hybrid embryo, we would preserve at least


half of this for future generations. With her job done, Ebun


is soon back on her feet. The safari park is proud


of the role she will play. With the northern white rhino


being so jeopardised in numbers, these techniques is a huge advance


the science and It's a real honour


to be able to help. The eggs are now being rushed back


to a laboratory in Italy. There is a 20-hour window to prepare


them for fertilisation. They could be implanted back


into Ebun, but with her northern cousins so close to extinction,


it's a race against time. This week marks six months


since President Trump took office - and there's no doubt social media


has helped drive his agenda. We've come to expect a daily diet


of tweets from the president, I've been taking a closer look


what his Twitter presence tells us. Twitter is a wonderful thing for me


because I get the word out. He's been dubbed


the Twitter President. We know Donald Trump loves to spell


things out in 140 characters, but what do his online musings tell


us about the first Well, he's sent more than 940 tweets


since he first took office. he usually sends those


messages between 6-8am. He's sent an average of nearly


six tweets every day. To put it into context,


that's 85 times the number of news But to Donald Trump,


that is modern-day presidential. So what does President Trump


tweet about the most? The highest number of tweets


are about the economy. But President Trump's attacks


on the media are not far behind. This video is his most


shared tweet so far. President Trump has sent more


than 70 tweets about Fox News, usually to publicise his upcoming


appearances or to praise It is a modern-day


form of communication. Especially when you have tens


of millions of people, like I have. President Trump's tweets often


send mixed messages that The president's tweets


His comments and his tweets speak for themselves.


For example, after saying he had a great meeting with Angela Merkel,


he took to Twitter to criticise Germany's Nato contributions.


And take a look at his messaging on China.


of working with the country, to give up on the idea


only to tweet about an excellent meeting with China days later.


with the Russians, setting up a cyber security unit


but it didn't take long for him to retract that idea.


Should I keep the Twitter going or not?


Many of his supporters think he should, for sure.


When he tweets, we get it direct from him, we know what it is.


There are of course many people who wish he'd just put the phone


down and stop tweeting, including some in his own party.


But he's got more than 33 million followers on the social network


and he doesn't look like he's going to stop any time soon.


Don't forget you can get in touch with me and most


of the team on Twitter - I'm @BBCRajiniV.


Thank you for watching and please stay with us on BBC World News.


It has been another day of torrential thundery downpours


affecting North Wales with some heavy thunderstorms in north-west


England. We have had humid conditions for the past few days.


The air coming in of


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