27/07/2017 World News Today


27/07/2017

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The suffering in Yemen only intensifies.

:00:08.:00:18.

War, hunger and now disease are ravaging Yemen.

:00:19.:00:20.

The worst cholera outbreak in history is the latest crisis

:00:21.:00:22.

Many in Yemen are dying needlessly because they can't get basic care.

:00:23.:00:27.

After two years of war half the health facilities

:00:28.:00:30.

The palace intrigue at the White House goes public.

:00:31.:00:41.

The President's top aides are feuding over who's the source

:00:42.:00:44.

of those damaging leaks. And a new full length film

:00:45.:00:46.

This father-son drama is performed completely in Yiddish.

:00:47.:00:54.

For two years a fierce civil war has been raging in Yemen

:00:55.:00:58.

The Government backed by a Saudi-led Coalition controls

:00:59.:01:01.

the country's south while Houthi rebels supported by Iran control

:01:02.:01:03.

Continued fighting has left the already impoverished nation

:01:04.:01:06.

on the brink of famine and now cholera has swept

:01:07.:01:09.

through the country - with nearly 2000 deaths

:01:10.:01:11.

The BBC's Orla Guerin has gained rare access to the country

:01:12.:01:15.

and a warning her report contains distressing images throughout.

:01:16.:01:17.

We cross the Red Sea to reach Yemen, past the sunken

:01:18.:01:20.

We cross the Red Sea to reach Yemen, past the sunken

:01:21.:01:38.

This was the only way to the port city of Aden.

:01:39.:01:46.

The Saudi-led coalition, bombing the country, flew us in.

:01:47.:01:57.

This is the kind of suffering they don't want the world to see.

:01:58.:02:02.

He is one of many children wasting away across the country.

:02:03.:02:08.

Since the war, malnutrition rates have soared.

:02:09.:02:15.

Hunger is menacing this nation, from the very old...

:02:16.:02:18.

Like Hussain, who fights for every breath.

:02:19.:02:30.

The United Nations says an entire generation is being starved

:02:31.:02:35.

In a ward nearby, another threat, a desperate rush

:02:36.:02:48.

to save Abdullah Mohammed Salem, who came in with no pulse.

:02:49.:02:54.

They tried to squeeze fluid and life back into his veins,

:02:55.:03:00.

one victim of an epidemic ravaging Yemen, cholera, and it's the worst

:03:01.:03:02.

There is now a perfect breeding ground for the disease,

:03:03.:03:11.

as sanitation services have broken down.

:03:12.:03:14.

Abdullah's son, Ahmed, has a message for those in power who,

:03:15.:03:17.

Mosquitoes and flies are everywhere causing illness.

:03:18.:03:32.

We are demanding that everyone who claims to be our leader should

:03:33.:03:35.

Instead, they are dying of cholera at the rate of about one every hour.

:03:36.:03:47.

Another outcome of a brutal conflict.

:03:48.:03:51.

This hospital alone receives about 100 new cholera cases every day.

:03:52.:03:55.

Those who get help recover quickly, within hours.

:03:56.:04:00.

But many in Yemen are dying needlessly, because they can't get

:04:01.:04:03.

After more than two years of war, half of the health facilities

:04:04.:04:09.

Like much else in the Arab world's poorest nation,

:04:10.:04:15.

an ancient civilisation with new battle scars.

:04:16.:04:21.

The presidential guard mans the checkpoints in Aden.

:04:22.:04:23.

But the Yemeni President is seldom seen.

:04:24.:04:34.

He was forced to flee by Houthi rebels,

:04:35.:04:36.

that's when his allies, the Saudis stepped in.

:04:37.:04:38.

Their bombing campaign has not restored his authority.

:04:39.:04:40.

But it has destroyed hospitals, schools and homes,

:04:41.:04:44.

Their house was hit by two air strikes as the coalition targeted

:04:45.:04:50.

Senaad tells us, that two years on, the extended family are among

:04:51.:04:57.

Some of the family still live right here in the ruins,

:04:58.:05:06.

with no help, they say, other than from God.

:05:07.:05:14.

But civilians here have been under fire from both sides.

:05:15.:05:19.

We met this woman and her children waiting for food aid.

:05:20.:05:23.

10-year-old Imad used to love football, before

:05:24.:05:25.

TRANSLATION: I brought the kids into the house.

:05:26.:05:38.

They were in the living room when they were hit.

:05:39.:05:47.

Since then, she says that Imad and her other children have

:05:48.:06:04.

never been the same, they have deep psychological wounds

:06:05.:06:07.

Most of all it is Yemen's children, like ten-month-old Ahmed

:06:08.:06:16.

The conflict has reached a stalemate.

:06:17.:06:32.

International diplomacy has failed and nowhere in the world

:06:33.:06:34.

And joining me now is former US Ambassador to Yemen, Stephen Seche.

:06:35.:06:42.

We saw there in the report, famine spreading, diplomacy has failed, you

:06:43.:06:51.

are just back from meetings with officials from Yemen and Saudi

:06:52.:06:58.

Arabia. What I walk away with a feeling of frustration. There is an

:06:59.:07:06.

awareness that the situation is going in the wrong direction. There

:07:07.:07:11.

is no clear way out. Only a political settlement is seen as

:07:12.:07:14.

there really can get rid of this mess and the political mill --

:07:15.:07:22.

political will, seems not to be there. Did you detect concern

:07:23.:07:27.

amongst the officials of Yemen and Saudi Arabia about this humanitarian

:07:28.:07:35.

catastrophe unfolding? Yes, everybody is aware of it, but nobody

:07:36.:07:41.

comes up with a plan. That there needs to be assistance or a solution

:07:42.:07:47.

to allow the free flow of assistance into the inner part of Yemen where

:07:48.:07:51.

the population is at the greatest risk. Those Pacific material steps

:07:52.:07:55.

were not articulated to us. Did you get the sense that both sides are

:07:56.:08:00.

ready to going this out or are they open to a new Department initiative?

:08:01.:08:06.

I did not detect enthusiasm for a new diplomatic initiative but I

:08:07.:08:13.

would be happy to see month. A third party administrative element would

:08:14.:08:17.

be a way to get two warring parties separated, hopefully that will find

:08:18.:08:22.

traction, but I do not think there is a party that is willing to give

:08:23.:08:26.

up what they claim as territorial gains. What role could the drug

:08:27.:08:31.

administration play, the US has backed Saudi Arabia, could it change

:08:32.:08:39.

that? We need to change that. Our interest and that of Saudi Arabia do

:08:40.:08:44.

not always converge, we need to say, what is our national interest, that

:08:45.:08:48.

may enable us to find daylight between our support for Saudi Arabia

:08:49.:08:52.

which is legitimate, what they went in to do is to distort a legitimate

:08:53.:08:56.

Government, fine, but the way they are doing it is not going to achieve

:08:57.:09:01.

that end. What do you feel is at stake here at this or just carries

:09:02.:09:06.

on as bitters, even beyond the humanitarian catastrophe? The idea

:09:07.:09:13.

of a destabilised Yemen, geographically, around the red Sea

:09:14.:09:19.

and the Indian Ocean, where so many energy supplies full, perhaps the

:09:20.:09:25.

resident Asus population looking to launch attacks, all of that spells

:09:26.:09:34.

disaster. -- resident Isis population.

:09:35.:09:37.

Firefighters say the blazes which have caused mass evacuations

:09:38.:09:39.

in southern France are under control but they warn that

:09:40.:09:41.

Around 10,000 holidaymakers and residents have been forced

:09:42.:09:44.

to leave their homes and campsites around the town of

:09:45.:09:46.

It's from there that Duncan Kennedy reports.

:09:47.:09:49.

It's been another 24 hours of fires...

:09:50.:09:51.

This was Bormes-les-Mimosas, west of St Tropez, and the flames

:09:52.:09:57.

have been spreading again across the windswept bridges.

:09:58.:10:01.

That meant another night on the beach for dozens

:10:02.:10:03.

of holiday-makers, forced out of their campsites.

:10:04.:10:08.

They included Olivia Hall from Sevenoaks, who's

:10:09.:10:10.

about to spend her third night in a sleeping bag along

:10:11.:10:19.

What do you think of sleeping on a beach like this?

:10:20.:10:23.

Well, I mean for me, I'm 18, it's OK, but for old people,

:10:24.:10:26.

my grandparents for instance, it's not the easiest

:10:27.:10:28.

Today we went out with this team of firefighters.

:10:29.:10:42.

This is the kind of terrain they have to haul up their hosepipes,

:10:43.:10:45.

They're dousing down dozens of small pockets of fire.

:10:46.:10:54.

After four days, he said, he's tired but holding up.

:10:55.:11:01.

And it's not just a firefighting effort from the ground.

:11:02.:11:07.

There goes another load from one of these aircraft, one of dozens

:11:08.:11:10.

Little patches of fire keep breaking up, they are the most dangerous

:11:11.:11:21.

ones, they are the ones that can lead to widespread bushfires

:11:22.:11:24.

And in wave after wave, the planes kept on coming,

:11:25.:11:28.

trying to control fires caused by combustible undergrowth

:11:29.:11:30.

TRANSLATION: When the fires combine with the winds,

:11:31.:11:39.

It's like a herd of bison storming down the hill,

:11:40.:11:43.

eating up all the vegetation, animals, and unfortunately people.

:11:44.:11:45.

When the fires have passed through, this is what they leave.

:11:46.:11:50.

Green turned to black, life turned to dust.

:11:51.:11:53.

It is part of the natural cycle here, but the effects

:11:54.:11:55.

Duncan Kennedy, BBC News, on the Cote d'Azur.

:11:56.:12:03.

Well, when it comes to political infighting -

:12:04.:12:05.

the White House is a virtual boxing ring right now.

:12:06.:12:08.

The new communications director Anthony Scaramucci has been

:12:09.:12:10.

in the job for less than a week, and he's already throwing punches.

:12:11.:12:14.

This morning he challenged the White House chief of staff

:12:15.:12:17.

to come forward and explain he's not a leaker.

:12:18.:12:19.

And on the policy front - it seems even top generals aren't

:12:20.:12:22.

clear on what the President's Tweet banning transgender people

:12:23.:12:24.

The BBC's Anthony Zurcher joins us now.

:12:25.:12:34.

The competent new communications chief goes on TV and challenges the

:12:35.:12:41.

chief of staff to a duel about leaking, does this happen with the

:12:42.:12:43.

support of the President? I think the President knew but he

:12:44.:12:48.

was getting into when he hired Anthony Scaramucci. Sean Spicer

:12:49.:12:56.

resigned. He had to know that this was going to ruffle some feathers.

:12:57.:13:01.

It is to only 60s were Anthony Scaramucci to come in and say, prove

:13:02.:13:07.

you are not a litre. That is like the old saying, tell me when you

:13:08.:13:10.

have stopped beating your wife. Compared to the weak's other victim,

:13:11.:13:16.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who has plenty of defenders, many

:13:17.:13:21.

defenders for the chief of staff? Not particularly. Speaker of the

:13:22.:13:24.

host said he was doing a good job and he did not think there was a

:13:25.:13:29.

problem but Paul Ryan is also from Wisconsin, they are allies. Be on

:13:30.:13:34.

that, in the White House, nothing really, and nothing from the Hill.

:13:35.:13:40.

If he has allies they are not rushing to his defence. Yesterday

:13:41.:13:44.

the President to beat that there would be a ban on transgender people

:13:45.:13:49.

serving in the US military but what are the actual military people

:13:50.:13:53.

themselves saying about that? In those tweets, and in the White House

:13:54.:13:58.

follow-up, they said the reason for the policy was because military

:13:59.:14:01.

generals asked for it but though we're hearing that the top brass in

:14:02.:14:04.

the military did not have any advance notice that this was coming

:14:05.:14:06.

down. It was reported that this may have all been because of internal

:14:07.:14:20.

fighting in Congress about funding for transgender operations. Maybe

:14:21.:14:22.

some Republicans didn't want to fund it, asked the White House for help,

:14:23.:14:25.

and White House said that as no transgender in the military

:14:26.:14:29.

whatsoever. Policy by to beat, what are Republican lawmakers meeting of

:14:30.:14:33.

this? A lot of them are very nervous. They do not need this kind

:14:34.:14:37.

of distraction. The Senate is voting on a health care Bill that is

:14:38.:14:41.

hanging by a thread. They talk about distractions of the time, this is a

:14:42.:14:46.

huge distraction, they are seeing one of their own, Jeff Sessions, in

:14:47.:14:52.

the bull's-eye of Donald Trump, and if a long-standing Ali can be

:14:53.:14:57.

targeted, no one is safe, people in the administration, in Congress,

:14:58.:15:00.

they are all looking over their shoulder. -- a long-standing ally.

:15:01.:15:09.

Violent protests have resulted in more deaths in Venezuela.

:15:10.:15:11.

Today demonstrators clashed with security forces for the second

:15:12.:15:13.

day during a 48-hour strike against the government's attempt

:15:14.:15:15.

More than 100 people have been killed in the last four months.

:15:16.:15:19.

Yesterday, the US announced sanctions targeting

:15:20.:15:20.

The BBC's Vladimir Hernandez reports from Caracas.

:15:21.:15:26.

This group carries out this ritual before every

:15:27.:15:33.

After almost 100 deaths and thousands of arrests, no wonder

:15:34.:15:38.

Numerous Venezuelans have taken to the streets to ask

:15:39.:15:44.

President Maduro to call a fresh election.

:15:45.:15:48.

Due to severe food and medicine shortages, but also against his

:15:49.:15:51.

On the frontline of every protest there is a group of young men women

:15:52.:15:59.

They face the worst of the security forces.

:16:00.:16:02.

This is what normally ends up happening almost every day.

:16:03.:16:15.

For more than three months, protests end up in violent clashes,

:16:16.:16:21.

where young men and young students, boys and girls, can end up injured

:16:22.:16:24.

Many of the students in the resistance shy away

:16:25.:16:30.

But a group of them have agreed to meet me at this university.

:16:31.:16:35.

In my day, we were protesting against rising bus fares.

:16:36.:16:40.

Today, it is a rather more desperate story.

:16:41.:16:43.

We have concealed their identities and changed

:16:44.:16:45.

The way I see it, the Resistance is everybody who is against the regime.

:16:46.:16:53.

Many people say this is a dictatorship and if you look

:16:54.:16:56.

at what they are doing, that is what it is, really.

:16:57.:16:59.

At the moment, they are even trying to change our constitution which is

:17:00.:17:02.

I think the Resistance is those people who come out to protest

:17:03.:17:08.

and who are willing to take the lead to confront the police

:17:09.:17:11.

Many of the students I met come from working-class areas that have

:17:12.:17:18.

been especially hit hard by the economic collapse.

:17:19.:17:21.

But the Venezualan government accuses them of staging a coup

:17:22.:17:23.

TRANSLATION: Some have labelled us terrorists.

:17:24.:17:30.

I think that all of us youth who make up the Resistance

:17:31.:17:33.

We are defending our people from the brutal

:17:34.:17:37.

Venezuela's state attorney has said that the government's actions can be

:17:38.:17:43.

Others have still been held even after a judge ordered their release.

:17:44.:17:57.

I'd put these issues to a Venezualan high ranking minister who gave

:17:58.:18:00.

He passed the responsibility back to the attorney general.

:18:01.:18:06.

TRANSLATION: There have been over 100 people

:18:07.:18:08.

But out of these, almost 20 are national guardsman

:18:09.:18:18.

Why has the attorney general not made any comment about this?

:18:19.:18:25.

I would not hesitate to say that she is responsible

:18:26.:18:27.

through dereliction of duty for the deaths that have occurred

:18:28.:18:29.

As the death toll rises, the protests in Caracas are now

:18:30.:18:37.

increasingly followed by vigils like this one to remember the dead.

:18:38.:18:41.

For everyone in this city, the focus is now on Sunday.

:18:42.:18:45.

That is the date for a vote to elect a new assembly tasked

:18:46.:18:50.

Vladimir Hernandez, BBC News, Caracas.

:18:51.:18:58.

Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.

:18:59.:19:03.

Amid chaotic scenes, crowds of Palestinians have again

:19:04.:19:05.

been worshipping at a sensitive holy site in Jerusalem after Israel

:19:06.:19:08.

removed the last of the new security measures it installed

:19:09.:19:10.

But as the crowds arrived at the Haram al-Sharif,

:19:11.:19:16.

or Temple Mount, clashes broke out and Israeli forces fired tear gas.

:19:17.:19:19.

London Police have told the authorities in charge

:19:20.:19:23.

of Grenfell Tower that they may face corporate manslaughter charges over

:19:24.:19:26.

the fire that killed at least 80 people last month.

:19:27.:19:31.

Police say the local council and housing association had been

:19:32.:19:34.

told there were reasonable grounds to suspect them of the offence.

:19:35.:19:43.

The founder of the Amazon website has become the world's richest man.

:19:44.:19:51.

This was after a rise in value of Amazon shares on Thursday.

:19:52.:19:55.

Now, there's no quicker way to end Summer fun than getting sick,

:19:56.:19:58.

but you might want to think twice before finishing that

:19:59.:20:00.

Some medical professionals in the UK are cautioning against taking

:20:01.:20:04.

the full course if the treatment is prescribed, saying it

:20:05.:20:06.

could risk developing a resistance to the drugs.

:20:07.:20:08.

The danger posed by drug-resistant bacteria is growing.

:20:09.:20:16.

Curbing the use and misuse of antibiotics is central

:20:17.:20:18.

But now some scientists believe that long-standing advice to always

:20:19.:20:34.

finish a course of the drugs may be wrong and could be making

:20:35.:20:37.

We need to be careful about using antibiotics

:20:38.:20:40.

because the more we use them, the more the bacteria figure out how

:20:41.:20:44.

to become resistant to them, the more resistant bacteria

:20:45.:20:46.

we select for, and the more bacteria in our environment and living

:20:47.:20:49.

And that means when we get infected with those bacteria,

:20:50.:20:52.

the antibiotics just won't work any more.

:20:53.:20:54.

The world-famous discovery of penicillin...

:20:55.:20:56.

Following Alexander Fleming's discovery of penicillin in the late

:20:57.:21:00.

1920s, the belief was that not taking enough of the drug could lead

:21:01.:21:03.

The modern-day official advice is still to complete the course

:21:04.:21:08.

you have been prescribed, but today's report says

:21:09.:21:10.

research to back up that advice, exposing a growing

:21:11.:21:14.

difference of opinion in the scientific community.

:21:15.:21:16.

This debate matters because the stakes are so very high.

:21:17.:21:21.

The number of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics

:21:22.:21:26.

is on the rise, and we are being told that antibiotics themselves

:21:27.:21:29.

are a precious but diminishing resource that needs to be used

:21:30.:21:32.

As questions are asked about how best to use antibiotics,

:21:33.:21:37.

some are concerned patients will be left confused.

:21:38.:21:42.

People have always to follow the instruction written on the label

:21:43.:21:46.

about the course of antibiotics because if they stop the antibiotic

:21:47.:21:50.

before the end of the treatment, they could develop resistance

:21:51.:21:52.

and so that kind of antibiotic won't work any more in the future.

:21:53.:21:57.

Everyone agrees more research is needed before

:21:58.:22:00.

the finish-the-course advice is changed to something like

:22:01.:22:03.

"stop when you feel better," but the serious concern

:22:04.:22:08.

about drug-resistant bugs mean long-established practice

:22:09.:22:09.

This weekend a full length film in Yiddish will be

:22:10.:22:20.

hitting the big screen - making it one of the first movies

:22:21.:22:23.

The father-son drama is set in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish

:22:24.:22:32.

community of New York's Borough Park.

:22:33.:22:33.

Tom Brook has gone there to meet the actors and those

:22:34.:22:36.

It has one of the biggest concentrations of

:22:37.:22:41.

They reject most aspects of secular culture and that includes watching

:22:42.:22:47.

Yet a portrait of this community has emerged

:22:48.:22:52.

The film tells the story of one man's struggle,

:22:53.:23:01.

to maintain custody of his son Rieven played by Ruben Niborski.

:23:02.:23:06.

The film was co-written and directed by Joshua

:23:07.:23:09.

Weinstein, a non-Orthodox Jew, working with a cast

:23:10.:23:16.

Menashe is this big Charlie Chaplinesque of a man.

:23:17.:23:21.

He's very funny, he's very endearing, but

:23:22.:23:23.

And they have this chemistry where just by making a

:23:24.:23:33.

face they can show all the dynamic and emotion between a father and

:23:34.:23:36.

Nearly all the dialogue in Menashe is in Yiddish.

:23:37.:23:39.

The film aims to be the genuine article.

:23:40.:23:45.

These people speak Yiddish in everyday lives.

:23:46.:23:47.

To have Holywood actors speaking in English

:23:48.:23:51.

would have felt so phoney that I don't even know what the point of

:23:52.:23:54.

I gather that you don't speak Yiddish

:23:55.:23:57.

so wasn't it rather difficult in a way to

:23:58.:23:59.

direct a film that's in

:24:00.:24:01.

We wrote the script in English and then we had translators

:24:02.:24:04.

But Yiddish is such a language that, block by block, neighbourhood by

:24:05.:24:09.

neighbourhood, family by family speaks it differently, so we had

:24:10.:24:12.

huge debates about what the correct words were, how to say certain

:24:13.:24:14.

But this low-budget film faces a challenge.

:24:15.:24:18.

subtitles audience appetite for a movie in Yiddish is limited.

:24:19.:24:24.

Also the group that might be most interested in the picture's

:24:25.:24:27.

content, ultra-Orthodox Jews, will most likely not go to see this

:24:28.:24:30.

film because cinema-going is not permitted within the community.

:24:31.:24:33.

thanks ultra-Orthodox Jews may make an exception for this film because

:24:34.:24:39.

It's kosher because there's no touching.

:24:40.:24:48.

Even if there's some females in the movie

:24:49.:24:51.

And there's no negative against religion, belief, or any

:24:52.:25:01.

Menashe may be one of the few films in Yiddish in

:25:02.:25:09.

more than 70 years but its presence doesn't signal an imminent revival

:25:10.:25:12.

in Yiddish cinema, which blossomed mid-1930s.

:25:13.:25:14.

But it does show that the Yiddish language, while it no

:25:15.:25:20.

longer enjoys the primacy of decades ago, is most definitely flourishing

:25:21.:25:22.

in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community in

:25:23.:25:24.

Don't forget, you can get in touch with me and some

:25:25.:25:44.

of the team on Twitter - I'm @LauraTrevelyan.

:25:45.:25:45.

Thank you for watching and we hope to see you back here tomorrow.

:25:46.:26:06.

Well, you do not need me to tell you there were some heavy showers

:26:07.:26:10.

around today and also some fairly pleasant spells of sunshine,

:26:11.:26:13.

but with low pressure close by the UK, as we go through the next

:26:14.:26:16.

few days, that will be the driving force behind further showers

:26:17.:26:19.

and this weather disturbance will bring some rain to end Friday

:26:20.:26:23.

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