01/08/2017 World News Today


01/08/2017

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Turkey holds its largest trial yet over last year's attempted coup.

:00:00.:00:13.

Nearly 500 people are marched to court, heckled by

:00:14.:00:16.

Two Venezuelan opposition leaders are taken from their homes

:00:17.:00:24.

After the way he was taken and beaten we were desperate

:00:25.:00:32.

because I don't know my father's physical condition.

:00:33.:00:37.

Anthony Scaramucci's time as Trump's communications

:00:38.:00:39.

But late night comedians in the US are making hay.

:00:40.:00:46.

A White House media briefing is about to start.

:00:47.:00:52.

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:00:53.:01:15.

We begin with Turkey and there's been dramatic scenes outside

:01:16.:01:18.

a courthouse near the capital, Ankara, where the trial has started

:01:19.:01:20.

for nearly 500 people accused of plotting to overthrow

:01:21.:01:23.

the government in last year's attempted coup.

:01:24.:01:25.

Forty of the plot's alleged leaders were marched in,

:01:26.:01:31.

heckled by government supporters and relatives of those

:01:32.:01:33.

Some of those on trial are facing charges from

:01:34.:01:38.

attempting to assassinate the president, to murder.

:01:39.:01:43.

The BBC's Middle East editor Sebastian Usher reports.

:01:44.:01:52.

One by one of the alleged leaders of the coup were marched up to the

:01:53.:02:00.

court. An angry crowd including both relatives of those killed during the

:02:01.:02:05.

coup and some of those wounded in the violence and child that demand

:02:06.:02:07.

for the return of the death penalty which was abolished in Turkey years

:02:08.:02:11.

ago also for some of the crowd, the treatment of the accused was already

:02:12.:02:17.

lenient. TRANSLATION: It is not normal that the state is feeding

:02:18.:02:21.

these assassins, we want to see them with chains round their feet. They

:02:22.:02:24.

did not even come with civilian clothes on but instead with their

:02:25.:02:29.

prison clothes -- should not even come. The last time some the suspect

:02:30.:02:36.

like the act forced the money was seen in public it was in the

:02:37.:02:38.

immediate aftermath of the two when their faces were bruised and

:02:39.:02:42.

bloodied. No doubting the anger that the attempted coup provoked, not

:02:43.:02:48.

just among the President's 's borders but many other Turkish babe

:02:49.:02:54.

as well. With the streets of Ankara and Istanbul commitments attack and

:02:55.:02:58.

more than 250 people killed on July 15 last year. The first anniversary

:02:59.:03:02.

of the defeat of the coup with celebrated two weeks ago with a huge

:03:03.:03:07.

rally in Istanbul that was addressed by President Erdogan who inaugurated

:03:08.:03:11.

a monument to those who died. His position has been strengthened by

:03:12.:03:14.

the two of his critics say he has used it to dogged all his opponents.

:03:15.:03:20.

Some 50,000 people remain in detention in connection with it but

:03:21.:03:23.

the man the Tigers government accused of being behind it, this

:03:24.:03:28.

Muslim cleric, remained in the United States despite Ankara's

:03:29.:03:33.

repeated demands for his extradition. He has been tried in

:03:34.:03:38.

absentia for this, the biggest trial far off suspects. I thought now they

:03:39.:03:42.

face life imprisonment if convicted but the calls for them to receive

:03:43.:03:46.

the ultimate punishment are only likely to grow at their trial

:03:47.:03:49.

continues through the rest of this month.

:03:50.:03:51.

Aykan Erdemir is from the Foundation for Defense

:03:52.:03:54.

He is live with us here. Thank you for your time. Do you approve of the

:03:55.:04:11.

use of mass trials in these circumstances? This is a historic

:04:12.:04:17.

trial because as you know Turkey have had a string of creditors,

:04:18.:04:24.

failed or successful, and rarely has anybody been brought to court -- a

:04:25.:04:30.

string of coups. Turkey has a culture of impunity and lack of

:04:31.:04:34.

accountability is a bit is a turning point fully Turkish justice system

:04:35.:04:38.

and as you can see across the political spectrum there is support

:04:39.:04:42.

for the trial of the plotters. Having said that, there are major

:04:43.:04:49.

concerns among the opposition that there is a lack of rule of law and

:04:50.:04:56.

due process. There are concerns that the ongoing trials could be used as

:04:57.:05:02.

part of which chance to go after opposition figures who had nothing

:05:03.:05:08.

to do with the coup and also there are concerns that some of the State

:05:09.:05:13.

officials who had been culpable or negligent in the run-up to and in

:05:14.:05:20.

the aftermath of the coup could be spared from these trials. There are

:05:21.:05:24.

still questions of transparency and accountability. You say some

:05:25.:05:28.

opponents have concerns these trials could be used for political means.

:05:29.:05:33.

You were an opposition MP, do you have there concerns and do you

:05:34.:05:35.

believe these trials will inevitably become political? What I think most

:05:36.:05:45.

people including the agreed on that come all plotters of the coop should

:05:46.:05:48.

be brought before court and they should be an example for Turkish

:05:49.:05:53.

politics, that there is accountability... I understand that,

:05:54.:05:58.

very few people in Turkey would suggest coup plotters should be

:05:59.:06:02.

brought to court but I was asking if you believe these trials can remain

:06:03.:06:07.

apolitical? Actually from what we can see so far with the number of

:06:08.:06:15.

people detained there certainly are a large number of individuals who

:06:16.:06:19.

had nothing to do with the coup, with the plotters, and who have been

:06:20.:06:24.

targeted simply because they are in the opposition. This is a growing

:06:25.:06:28.

concern not only for me but for the opposition across the spectrum in

:06:29.:06:32.

Turkey. Thank you for your time, we appreciate you joining us today.

:06:33.:06:35.

Two Venezuelan opposition leaders who were taken away from their homes

:06:36.:06:37.

overnight have been transferred to the Ramo Verde military

:06:38.:06:39.

Leopoldo Lopez and Antonio Ledezma were already under house arrest.

:06:40.:06:47.

They were taken back to prison after recording videos urging

:06:48.:06:50.

the Venezuelan people to protest against the government

:06:51.:06:51.

Mr Ledezma's daughter told the BBC that her father felt

:06:52.:07:02.

He had a moral responsibility with the Venezuelan people of saying

:07:03.:07:12.

that what happened last Sunday was an electoral fraud,

:07:13.:07:15.

and my father, as the current mayor of Caracas, knew that he has

:07:16.:07:19.

the responsibility of addressing the Venezuelan people and telling

:07:20.:07:21.

all of us that we need to keep protesting peacefully

:07:22.:07:23.

What happened to my father last night at 12.45am in the night

:07:24.:07:35.

was nothing else but a kidnap, a kidnap because the Maduro

:07:36.:07:38.

political police just took him without a warrant or anything

:07:39.:07:40.

My father was violently taken for a lot of hours.

:07:41.:07:47.

It wasn't until one hour ago that we have the confirmation

:07:48.:07:54.

that my father was actually taken to the military jail

:07:55.:07:59.

of Ramo Verde, the same destination as Leopoldo Lopez.

:08:00.:08:03.

Until this moment I don't know my father's physical condition.

:08:04.:08:09.

He was beaten, he was taken in a very violent way and I want

:08:10.:08:16.

the world to know that we're talking about the elected and re-elected

:08:17.:08:19.

The only mayor in the world who is arbitrarily detained.

:08:20.:08:24.

We're talking about a man whose only crime has been demanding

:08:25.:08:29.

the dictatorship we are suffering in Venezuelan, demanding the lack

:08:30.:08:32.

of food, the lack of medicine and demanding the humanitarian

:08:33.:08:35.

There is more information on the situation in Venezuelan on line on

:08:36.:08:45.

the BBC website. Let's take a look at some of

:08:46.:08:46.

the other stories making the news. Explosions at a mosque

:08:47.:08:49.

in the western Afghan city of Herat have killed about 20 people

:08:50.:08:52.

and injured many more. Police said the attack was carried

:08:53.:08:54.

out by a suicide bomber and another assailant who threw

:08:55.:08:57.

a grenade at worshippers. The mosque is in an area mainly

:08:58.:09:00.

inhabited by Shia Muslims. Three suspected gang members have

:09:01.:09:03.

been killed in a shoot-out It was during a hearing involving

:09:04.:09:05.

a group of central Asian nationals accused of murdering motorists

:09:06.:09:09.

in the Moscow region. Police say five defendants

:09:10.:09:11.

tried to seize weapons The three were killed

:09:12.:09:13.

trying to escape. China has formally opened its first

:09:14.:09:18.

overseas military base. The event, in Djibouti in east

:09:19.:09:26.

Africa, was timed to coincide with the 90th anniversary

:09:27.:09:30.

of China's People's Liberation Army. Authorities have dismissed

:09:31.:09:33.

concerns about China's expanding military prowess,

:09:34.:09:35.

arguing the base will be used A great day at the White House -

:09:36.:09:37.

that was Donald Trump's assessment last night after his new director

:09:38.:09:49.

of communications, Anthony Scaramucci, was sacked even

:09:50.:09:55.

before he'd formally taken Not for the first time the president

:09:56.:09:57.

seemed at odds with many observers Here's our North America

:09:58.:10:04.

Editor Jon Sopel. It's being billed

:10:05.:10:11.

as the Last Supper. Anthony Scaramucci last night having

:10:12.:10:14.

dinner at where else? The restaurant in the Trump Hotel

:10:15.:10:18.

just hours after he had been At roughly the same time

:10:19.:10:21.

came this extraordinary The swearing in of General John

:10:22.:10:25.

Kelly as chief of staff being seen as a new beginning

:10:26.:10:37.

for this administration. He will do a spectacular job,

:10:38.:10:40.

I have no doubt, as chief of staff. So could this mark the end

:10:41.:10:49.

of what has been a turbulent, dysfunctional six months

:10:50.:10:52.

for all the President's men? The former National Security Adviser

:10:53.:10:54.

was the first to go, fired after just 24 days in the job

:10:55.:10:56.

after he lied about his contacts Three months after being fired,

:10:57.:11:00.

Trump's first communications director, the rather anonymous

:11:01.:11:06.

Mike Dubke, handed Then came the super sacking,

:11:07.:11:08.

the high profile and brutal dismissal of the former FBI

:11:09.:11:16.

director, James Comey, infuriating the president

:11:17.:11:18.

with his investigation into links between the Russians

:11:19.:11:20.

and the Trump campaign. 11 days ago it was the turn

:11:21.:11:26.

of the press secretary Sean Spicer. He walked, furious that

:11:27.:11:32.

President Trump had hired Anthony Scaramucci

:11:33.:11:35.

as communications director. The departure of Reince Priebus

:11:36.:11:39.

came as little surprise after he was subject to a vicious

:11:40.:11:42.

verbal attack by incoming After just ten days into the job,

:11:43.:11:45.

Mooch was front-stabbed The profound hope among those close

:11:46.:11:54.

to the President Trump is that, with General Kelly in charge,

:11:55.:12:02.

there will be a fundamental change A change in personnel leading

:12:03.:12:05.

to high expectations followed But in the meantime, the late-night

:12:06.:12:14.

comedians are making hay. The president has been

:12:15.:12:23.

very busy repealing and replacing his staff,

:12:24.:12:26.

most notably Anthony Lasted as communications

:12:27.:12:29.

director for only ten days! And then he left us

:12:30.:12:35.

with nothing but memories, But some things are still

:12:36.:12:38.

refreshingly familiar. Donald Trump tweeting

:12:39.:12:52.

a short time ago... Keep an eye on Twitter for updates

:12:53.:13:03.

on that story. When Waheed Arian was a young boy

:13:04.:13:19.

growing up in Afghanistan, Many years later he's now

:13:20.:13:22.

an emergency medic living in the north west of England

:13:23.:13:27.

and using augmented reality to help today's victims

:13:28.:13:29.

of violence in his homeland. His "tele-medicine" system allows

:13:30.:13:32.

doctors in war zones to get help Our world affairs editor,

:13:33.:13:35.

John Simpson, reports. We hear plenty of depressing

:13:36.:13:42.

stories about Afghanistan Afghanistan has one

:13:43.:13:44.

of the lowest standards Doctors often aren't

:13:45.:13:55.

very highly trained But they can contact

:13:56.:14:01.

Doctor Waheed Arian, an Afghan who qualified as a doctor

:14:02.:14:10.

in Britain, and he can give them detailed medical

:14:11.:14:14.

advice using social media. From his home in Chester he takes

:14:15.:14:21.

messages a day and night. So I'll take the arrow

:14:22.:14:24.

and we place it... Now Waheed Arian and his team

:14:25.:14:32.

are developing new ways of showing We discussed a medical case,

:14:33.:14:34.

we solved the problem. It was a live medical case in one

:14:35.:14:42.

of the hospitals in Kabul, Afghanistan, and using augmented

:14:43.:14:46.

reality we discussed it As a boy in the 1980s,

:14:47.:14:48.

Waheed had to escape from the Russians who had

:14:49.:14:55.

invaded his country. He and his family

:14:56.:14:59.

were lucky to survive. When civil war flared up

:15:00.:15:04.

in Afghanistan his parents sent him He was 15 and didn't speak much

:15:05.:15:06.

English, yet within four years he was studying

:15:07.:15:12.

medicine at Cambridge. And he became passionate

:15:13.:15:16.

about helping people Waheed doesn't get much time

:15:17.:15:17.

with his family in Chester. He's taken leave of absence

:15:18.:15:29.

to develop his tele-medicine ideas but in order to pay the bills he has

:15:30.:15:33.

to work every weekend Yes, he is away a lot,

:15:34.:15:36.

and it can be hard and it can be lonely at times when you're

:15:37.:15:44.

on your own and you're seeing But on the other side I know that

:15:45.:15:46.

doing amazing things for humanity, he's going to be saving thousands

:15:47.:15:51.

of lives so I look at the positive. Helping others in Afghanistan

:15:52.:15:54.

to survive is, he says, his therapy. Medical researchers have revealed

:15:55.:15:59.

details of a new approach to treating people with pancreatic

:16:00.:16:12.

cancer, one of deadliest Scientists in the UK say a pilot

:16:13.:16:14.

treatment increased the number of patients whose surgery

:16:15.:16:18.

was successful, by almost 30%. Our health correspondent,

:16:19.:16:20.

Michele Paduano, reports. Kate Rigby was amazed at how

:16:21.:16:32.

smoothly the NHS worked, when she was diagnosed

:16:33.:16:34.

with pancreatic cancer. Within seven days she'd had surgery

:16:35.:16:38.

at the Queen Elizabeth I can't control NHS budgets

:16:39.:16:40.

and all the other things for the poor people who aren't as lucky

:16:41.:16:49.

as me, but what I can do is spread Normally, patients with jaundice,

:16:50.:16:53.

like Mrs Rigby, have a stent put in to relieve symptoms,

:16:54.:16:56.

which delays the main operation. A nurse was employed

:16:57.:16:59.

to speed up treatment Cutting out the stent also saves

:17:00.:17:03.

the NHS ?3200 per patient. We save the NHS

:17:04.:17:13.

potentially ?200,000 per year with the number of patients

:17:14.:17:15.

that have surgery within our team. So that, then, is a reproducible

:17:16.:17:19.

model that other units up and down At this point in time,

:17:20.:17:22.

you would want to go forward for your operation

:17:23.:17:26.

next week if you could, rather than to go off and have a stent,

:17:27.:17:29.

and your operation seven Pancreatic cancer has

:17:30.:17:31.

a very low survival rate. The survival rate is only

:17:32.:17:36.

about 7% in the UK - I think what this provides us

:17:37.:17:38.

is a glimmer of hope for the future. It provides us with that

:17:39.:17:45.

all-important surgical technique faster, and with proven

:17:46.:17:50.

results in terms of outcomes. It will be two years

:17:51.:17:54.

before doctors can say whether treating patients more

:17:55.:17:56.

quickly actually means that And if they do, that will beg

:17:57.:17:58.

the question as to whether or not other aggressive cancers

:17:59.:18:05.

should be treated more quickly. For now, Kate Rigby

:18:06.:18:11.

knows she's been given the best chance possible

:18:12.:18:13.

to survive pancreatic cancer. The US Secretary of State, Rex

:18:14.:18:32.

Tillerson, is making an appearance in Washington and talking at the

:18:33.:18:37.

moment. ... Very experienced a battered and diplomat and he knows

:18:38.:18:41.

the area well and knows Russia well and our partners well and he is very

:18:42.:18:45.

clear about his mission, to see if we cannot engage to move the process

:18:46.:18:51.

in Ukraine forward. It has been stalled for quite some time as you

:18:52.:18:55.

know. This announcement has been welcomed both by the Russians and by

:18:56.:18:59.

the Normandy group that has been engaged with Russia in effort to

:19:00.:19:04.

move the discussions forward. We are hopeful we can make some progress in

:19:05.:19:10.

beginning to move the situation in Ukraine to a place of engagement and

:19:11.:19:15.

movement towards achieving a true ceasefire because the outbreak of

:19:16.:19:18.

violence this year has been just heartbreaking to watch in east

:19:19.:19:25.

Ukraine. We are going to continue to uphold our commitment to the

:19:26.:19:27.

transatlantic relationship and the president has been quite clear on

:19:28.:19:32.

our commitment to Nato and on his expectations of others in Nato and

:19:33.:19:37.

all that appropriately so. We have affirmed the commitment to article

:19:38.:19:40.

five and unquestionably that should not be an issue in anybody's mind

:19:41.:19:44.

any longer and in working with Russia and the difficult issues

:19:45.:19:49.

there, I want to acknowledge Brian Hook, Mike director of policy

:19:50.:19:52.

planning, who has worked with his team to give that a number of

:19:53.:19:58.

options. Two important ambassadors in the regions, John Teft the

:19:59.:20:03.

ambassador in Moscow who is dealing with a tough situation and altered

:20:04.:20:10.

the ambassador in Ukraine who is to outstanding job working with

:20:11.:20:14.

President Poroschenko to help the government in Ukraine, to strengthen

:20:15.:20:16.

its own governing standards and continue to make progress on the

:20:17.:20:21.

anti-corruption campaign and strengthen their own justice system

:20:22.:20:24.

which we think is important to their stability going forward. I want

:20:25.:20:29.

return to the Middle East and against the destruction of radical

:20:30.:20:35.

Islamist terrorism in the form of Isis or Daesh and also Al-Qaeda and

:20:36.:20:40.

the many other names you all know. The coalition has integrated

:20:41.:20:43.

civilian and military efforts and I think it has achieved remarkable

:20:44.:20:48.

success since President Trump came into office. He made some very

:20:49.:20:53.

significant shifts in military authorities to put battlefield

:20:54.:20:55.

command decisions closer to the fight and the results are evident.

:20:56.:21:00.

More than 70% of Iraqi territory that was once held by Isis has been

:21:01.:21:05.

liberated and recovered, Isis has been unable to retake any territory

:21:06.:21:12.

that has been liberated. That is the US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson

:21:13.:21:15.

got talking about the US-led coalition's efforts to push the

:21:16.:21:18.

Islamic State group out of the territory it hold in Iraq and Syria

:21:19.:21:22.

and he has been praising the president for the decisions yet

:21:23.:21:26.

again and is claiming those decisions have born benefits both in

:21:27.:21:31.

Iraq and Syria. Before we started Syria and Legg listening he talked

:21:32.:21:35.

about China and North Korea, saying the US does not blame China for

:21:36.:21:40.

North Korea. If you read President Trump's tweets over the weekend on

:21:41.:21:43.

the subject you would have heard a man blaming China. We did China

:21:44.:21:47.

could resolve this easily and said he was angry it had not happened. A

:21:48.:21:52.

different there but not for the first time, between the president

:21:53.:21:55.

and some of those in his administration. Mr Tillerson said no

:21:56.:22:00.

regime change was planned for North Korea and he acknowledged how China

:22:01.:22:03.

has changed and the relationship between China and the US is at a

:22:04.:22:07.

pivotal moment and on that I think everybody would agree. We will keep

:22:08.:22:11.

listening to that if there are any other significant statements. Now,

:22:12.:22:16.

the magazine British Vogue has a new editor today, the first man at the

:22:17.:22:22.

helm in its history. He has taken over from the editor of the last 25

:22:23.:22:28.

years. The UK fashion industry is worth ?26 billion a year to the

:22:29.:22:32.

economy so people will be watching very closely to see how the new

:22:33.:22:37.

editor shapes the magazine. He has already made some startling changes,

:22:38.:22:41.

as you will see in this report from our arts correspondent, David

:22:42.:22:42.

Sillito. Hi, my name is Edward Enninful,

:22:43.:22:44.

I'm the editor in chief He looks really eccentric

:22:45.:22:47.

and that is going to I was spotted on a train when I was

:22:48.:22:50.

16 years old to be a model. I think it's a massive change

:22:51.:22:57.

for British fashion. Edward Enninful is today

:22:58.:23:00.

in charge of one of the most important names in fashion,

:23:01.:23:03.

Vogue. The last editor of British Vogue

:23:04.:23:04.

was in place for 25 years They have gone on to Snapchat and

:23:05.:23:10.

there is a new, more diverse team. He has over 500,000

:23:11.:23:19.

Instagram followers. He has appointed Steve McQueen,

:23:20.:23:26.

Naomi Campbell, as you say, All these independent professionals

:23:27.:23:28.

who, to a certain extent, rely on social media to keep

:23:29.:23:33.

building their brands. Vogue is the top of the fashion tree

:23:34.:23:38.

and features clothes It has, though, been a pretty torrid

:23:39.:23:41.

time for the magazine business over the last few years because of,

:23:42.:23:47.

well, the new competition. News agents have been closing,

:23:48.:23:49.

sales of glossy magazines And it is people like Whitney

:23:50.:23:56.

who have been changing the business. Nearly everyone wants everything

:23:57.:24:03.

right now, fashion today. They want to know what's cool right

:24:04.:24:14.

now and that's why social Indeed, people have been predicting

:24:15.:24:17.

the death of print for a good few For me it's flicking the page,

:24:18.:24:28.

it's the excitement. It's when you're waiting

:24:29.:24:41.

for the shoot to come up, you're waiting for the new trend,

:24:42.:24:43.

everything. It is a new era then and a new name

:24:44.:24:45.

in charge for a business Eight time Olympic gold

:24:46.:24:48.

medallist Usain Bolt is due to run his last race

:24:49.:24:57.

at the World Athletics He will run his last ever 100 metres

:24:58.:25:12.

race at the world of ex-champ Richard in London. His final sprint

:25:13.:25:17.

relay will be one week later -- world athletics Championships.

:25:18.:25:20.

You guys know, if I show for the championship, if I'm here,

:25:21.:25:23.

you know I'm fully confident and ready to go.

:25:24.:25:26.

You know as long as I show for the championship my coach

:25:27.:25:29.

I'm confident in my ability is always because I know when I go

:25:30.:25:34.

out there I'm ready to go, you know what I mean.

:25:35.:25:37.

You would not bet against him. And a reminder of our top story, nearly

:25:38.:25:46.

500 people had gone on trial in Turkey accused of involvement in the

:25:47.:25:51.

coup attempt at last year and there were traffic scenes outside the

:25:52.:25:56.

court as 40 alleged plot leaders were marched in and heckled by

:25:57.:25:59.

government supporters. Thank you for watching, goodbye.

:26:00.:26:09.

Good evening. This rather disappointing spell of weather

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continues, looking out to the Atlantic for more rain to come our

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way and it will

:26:17.:26:18.

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