31/07/2017 World News Today


31/07/2017

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Remembering the fallen from one of the First World War 's worst

:00:00.:00:21.

battles. 100 years after the start

:00:22.:00:23.

of the campaign at Passchendaele, commemorations for the 500,000

:00:24.:00:25.

soldiers who were killed, Venezuela's opposition says it

:00:26.:00:28.

will keep fighting on the streets, following Sunday's controversial

:00:29.:00:35.

vote for a new assembly. And a life in film -

:00:36.:00:41.

one of the great names of French cinema, Jeanne Moreau,

:00:42.:00:44.

has died at the age of 89. Hello and welcome

:00:45.:01:01.

to World News Today. Commemorations have been taking

:01:02.:01:04.

place at the Tyne Cot cemetery in Belgium, to mark 100 years

:01:05.:01:06.

since the start one of the bloodiest Over three months, British

:01:07.:01:10.

and Allied troops clashed with German soldiers in what became

:01:11.:01:16.

known as the Battle Around 500,000 soldiers

:01:17.:01:18.

on both sides of the War were killed, wounded

:01:19.:01:25.

or went missing. There are few more peaceful places

:01:26.:01:27.

than the gentle slope of Tyne Cot. Today, among its white headstones,

:01:28.:01:43.

families look back across the years The battle we know today

:01:44.:01:48.

as Passchendaele would We remember it not only

:01:49.:02:00.

for the rain that fell, the mud that weighed down the living

:02:01.:02:08.

and swallowed the dead, but also for the courage and bravery

:02:09.:02:13.

of the men who fought here. Tyne Cot overlooks the rolling

:02:14.:02:21.

farmland, streams and fields that once formed no man's land -

:02:22.:02:24.

a score of liquid mud Bert Fearns joined

:02:25.:02:27.

the Lancashire Fusiliers Bert Fearns began his attack here,

:02:28.:02:39.

beside the German bunker that now The Lancashire Fusiliers

:02:40.:02:44.

made their way uphill And a spot which Bert later said

:02:45.:02:50.

he would never forget. We came across what would be

:02:51.:02:57.

about 100 yards square of bodies that had been caught

:02:58.:03:07.

in an artillery shrapnel attack. Private Edward Michael Baton,

:03:08.:03:16.

13th platoon, D Company, 45th Battalion, Australian

:03:17.:03:31.

Imperial... Private James Monroe,

:03:32.:03:34.

South African Infantry Regiment. My great, great grandfather,

:03:35.:03:40.

Rifleman Stanley Dorrit... My great, great uncle,

:03:41.:03:45.

Private Walter Stevenson, Voices and stories that inspire

:03:46.:03:49.

acts of remembrance. Like the story of

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Captain Noel Chavasse - surgeon and Olympic athlete,

:03:58.:03:59.

he was awarded the Victoria Cross His great, great niece

:04:00.:04:01.

chose to carry a daily Perhaps we won't have such

:04:02.:04:11.

big Government-funded events as this today,

:04:12.:04:16.

but what we will have are stories that we can pass down

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the generations in a way that For something that

:04:20.:04:22.

is so significant. Flanders means blood

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and scraps of human bodies. The story of Passchendaele has

:04:29.:04:33.

been told for 100 years. Tyne Cot is likely to remain

:04:34.:04:43.

a place of pilgrimage Let's go to Venezuela now,

:04:44.:04:46.

and the international condemnation of the vote to elect

:04:47.:04:59.

a new constituent assembly. Sunday's poll is being

:05:00.:05:01.

seen as a further move towards a dictatorship

:05:02.:05:04.

in the country. But President Nicolas Maduro

:05:05.:05:05.

has hailed the result, and said the assembly should declare

:05:06.:05:08.

a state of emergency and take Ten people died in clashes

:05:09.:05:10.

on polling day, the bloodiest Here is what one resident had to say

:05:11.:05:29.

about the boat. TRANSLATION: The biggest fraud I have seen in years.

:05:30.:05:35.

It is inconceivable that the Government had more votes than when

:05:36.:05:40.

Chavez won. Particularly where I live, or the polling stations were

:05:41.:05:43.

deserted. There were no dues anywhere.

:05:44.:05:43.

With me is Javier Farje - he's a Latin America

:05:44.:05:46.

What have you made of this international condemnation?

:05:47.:05:55.

Argentina but not recognise the vote, America has been critical.

:05:56.:05:59.

Argentina are a right-wing Government. It is not uprising that

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Argentina will not recognise it. Also not surprise that Colombia will

:06:07.:06:09.

not recognise that because Colombia and the biggest US ally in South

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America. I am not surprised that right-wing governments have

:06:14.:06:18.

condemned this. This note is perfectly legitimate, because it is

:06:19.:06:24.

based on Article 348 because the tuition. Even if we except that it

:06:25.:06:28.

is illegitimate vote, some countries did not change the constitution at

:06:29.:06:32.

all. Yours is looking to change it for the second time in 20 years.

:06:33.:06:38.

They are not going to jail because the tuition. That is precisely what

:06:39.:06:44.

this assembly does. This constitution will introduce nine

:06:45.:06:47.

reforms to the current cars the dues in. It will remain the same but well

:06:48.:06:53.

add, they were added... Sony will change it. Why is anything there?

:06:54.:06:58.

Certain elements of society which were not reflected in the 1999 cars

:06:59.:07:02.

are choosing, it is a very simple process. They have reformed the

:07:03.:07:07.

constitution to modern times. There is no reason to think that he is gay

:07:08.:07:12.

to extend his power, Nicolas Maduro, that is not the mandate. But there

:07:13.:07:18.

are practical challenges here. If you go about adding to the

:07:19.:07:21.

Venezuelan constitution, that is a detailed process, there are supposed

:07:22.:07:24.

to be presidential elections next year. The thing will happen on the

:07:25.:07:29.

Tigers I don't see why not. Because the dues and is not going to clash

:07:30.:07:32.

with anything that has been planned. We are talking about one of the

:07:33.:07:39.

elements, we cannot release all of them, but to diversified the economy

:07:40.:07:44.

which heavily depends on oil. There is nothing wrong with that.

:07:45.:07:49.

Organisations created by the Government and grassroots to deal

:07:50.:07:55.

with health, education, and all different aspects. That didn't exist

:07:56.:08:01.

in 1999, now they want to give them constitutional status. Some question

:08:02.:08:07.

as to whether this work can be done and an election in happen next year.

:08:08.:08:11.

Even if it happens next year, the election, we now have a constituent

:08:12.:08:15.

assembly which is completely at odds with the National Assembly which is

:08:16.:08:18.

dominated by the opposition, so isn't Venezuela in danger of having

:08:19.:08:23.

a parallel political process? No, it is going to reform the constitution,

:08:24.:08:26.

they are not going to rule the country. The opposition could have

:08:27.:08:31.

taken part, according to the article, the National Assembly could

:08:32.:08:37.

have called themselves if... They didn't do that. The opposition since

:08:38.:08:44.

2013, I have quite different leaders, have been asking for

:08:45.:08:49.

because it usually assembly, why didn't they in Congress called for a

:08:50.:08:51.

constituent assembly? They could have taken part. Why didn't they

:08:52.:08:57.

take part? Goals they say they don't trust the process. We cannot get it

:08:58.:09:01.

the rights and wrongs of that now. It's finally talk about the

:09:02.:09:07.

challenges for Venezuelan. Extreme inflation, and economy which is

:09:08.:09:10.

struggling, food shortages, medical shortages in some cases. This,

:09:11.:09:15.

whether you agree with the vote or not, continues to divide Venezuelan

:09:16.:09:19.

and makes resolving this bomb and harder. These are two separate

:09:20.:09:23.

issues. Because it usually is dealing with legality, at the same

:09:24.:09:29.

time yes, you are right, the Government and indeed the opposition

:09:30.:09:32.

will have to agree to work together to solve the economic crisis and

:09:33.:09:37.

Venezuelan, because buyers prevent investment and a dissolution of

:09:38.:09:41.

food. We have seen gangs tried to stop this convoy of food, they have

:09:42.:09:46.

to come into dialogue. We have to find some kind of agreement to

:09:47.:09:51.

enable Venezuelan to achieve some peace and is the economy crisis. We

:09:52.:09:56.

must not forget that oil prices are very low and it depends heavily on

:09:57.:10:00.

oil prices. Even the opposition if they were in power they would not be

:10:01.:10:04.

all to manage this. Thank you very much.

:10:05.:10:07.

Sam Shepard, the celebrated avant-garde playwright and actor,

:10:08.:10:09.

Shepard received the Pulitzer Prize

:10:10.:10:12.

for Drama in 1979, for his play Buried Child.

:10:13.:10:16.

He was nominated for an Academy Award

:10:17.:10:17.

for Best Supporting Actor in The Right Stuff.

:10:18.:10:20.

Other film performances include Steel Magnolias, Black Hawk Down

:10:21.:10:23.

He died of complications from ALS, or motor neurone disease.

:10:24.:10:29.

Vice President Mike Pence has told Nato allies that an attack by Russia

:10:30.:10:38.

on any members "is an attack on us all."

:10:39.:10:41.

Mr Pence's remarks, whilst on a trip to Estonia, come

:10:42.:10:44.

Russia has ordered a cut in US diplomatic staff numbers.

:10:45.:10:49.

The move was in retaliation for new US sanctions against Russia.

:10:50.:10:54.

Our correspondent Rajini Vaidyanathan joins

:10:55.:10:56.

Let's be clear, these new sanctions voted on last week, but Mr companies

:10:57.:11:10.

to approve them. That's right. They have not yet passed his test,

:11:11.:11:14.

although we are hearing that year is likely to approve them, so in many

:11:15.:11:18.

ways people here see that as a formality, which might be why we got

:11:19.:11:22.

this response in Russia over the weekend. There is a White House

:11:23.:11:25.

briefing due shortly, we might get more of an idea of what the White

:11:26.:11:28.

House is thinking in terms of a response. The State Department has

:11:29.:11:35.

already called the something of an uncalled for a nominal. What are the

:11:36.:11:39.

practical implications of over 700 US diplomatic staff been giving

:11:40.:11:46.

their marching orders? I think what is interesting is that many of these

:11:47.:11:51.

people, could be as many of the Hunter, are actually Russian locals.

:11:52.:11:54.

What some commentators are saying is that the blow somewhat soft and to

:11:55.:11:59.

some extent because it is not just 755 US nationals and their families

:12:00.:12:05.

that will have to go back. We are hearing that one US diplomatic

:12:06.:12:09.

compound on the outskirts of Moscow, diplomatic cuts will try to go there

:12:10.:12:13.

to retrieve documents and other equipment, and ever already locked

:12:14.:12:17.

out. It is already in a very practical level proving difficult

:12:18.:12:21.

for people to actually move out. If what we are hearing is correct. It

:12:22.:12:27.

has turned to another big story in Washington, the present has a new

:12:28.:12:31.

chief of staff. Yes, a gentleman called John Kerry. You may remember

:12:32.:12:37.

the former chief of staff left office last week at the end of last

:12:38.:12:42.

week, a somewhat unceremonious exit, he says he was offering his

:12:43.:12:45.

resignation the day before and you may remember that President Trump

:12:46.:12:49.

just tweeted that John Kelly was to take his place. John Kelly Boult

:12:50.:12:53.

pass is a mammoth one, he has to bring order to what has become a

:12:54.:12:58.

disorderly White House. President Trump may think he has picked the

:12:59.:13:02.

right person, John Kelly is a former military man, he used to run the US

:13:03.:13:07.

Southern command, he also ran the commanding forces in a rock

:13:08.:13:12.

President Obama. He has military credentials. The challenge for him

:13:13.:13:17.

which many people say, is that President Trump will always be

:13:18.:13:21.

Trump. He operates in his own sphere. Many have his actions come

:13:22.:13:24.

to twitter as well. Ringing order to a White House even with a military

:13:25.:13:31.

man could prove complicated. Cross keep us posted.

:13:32.:13:36.

Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.

:13:37.:13:39.

Just a week ahead of the presidential elections,

:13:40.:13:41.

the man in charge of Kenya's computerised voting system

:13:42.:13:43.

Chris Msando had only been on the job for two months, having

:13:44.:13:47.

taken over after his predecessor refused to cooperate

:13:48.:13:49.

The electoral commission said there was "no doubt

:13:50.:13:52.

The creators of several VPNs or Virtual Private Networks,

:13:53.:14:05.

Floods please end Malawi have offered an arrest warrant... Police

:14:06.:14:10.

say they weren't related to the cash gate scandal which helped and a

:14:11.:14:16.

downfall in 2014. Bandar has yet to comment on those allegations.

:14:17.:14:19.

The creators of several VPNs or Virtual Private Networks,

:14:20.:14:21.

which allow users to hide their online locations,

:14:22.:14:23.

have criticised Apple for removing their products

:14:24.:14:24.

Apple says it had to, because they didnt comply

:14:25.:14:28.

Many people in China use VPNs to get around the government's

:14:29.:14:32.

There was a very uncomfortable wait for 75 people who had

:14:33.:14:38.

to be rescued from a damaged cable car, suspended about 40 metres

:14:39.:14:41.

over the River Rhine in the German city of Cologne.

:14:42.:14:44.

Rescue teams used a crane to bring the passengers to safety

:14:45.:14:47.

after they were stranded for several hours.

:14:48.:14:56.

The Islamic State group has said it carried out a suicide attack

:14:57.:14:59.

on the Iraqi embassy in the Afghan capital, Kabul.

:15:00.:15:02.

The Afghan interior ministry says two Afghan employees of the embassy

:15:03.:15:05.

were killed and 3 people, including a policeman, were injured.

:15:06.:15:08.

BBC's Harun Najafizadah reports from Kabul.

:15:09.:15:14.

It has been confirmed to us by the officials

:15:15.:15:17.

in the Afghan Interior Ministry that, after several hours

:15:18.:15:19.

of gun battle, their operation to repel

:15:20.:15:21.

the militants' attack on the

:15:22.:15:24.

Iraqi embassy has ended with all three assailants killed.

:15:25.:15:31.

We now know that at least two local employees of

:15:32.:15:33.

the Iraqi embassy were killed and three others, including

:15:34.:15:36.

However now life has returned to normal in the Afghan

:15:37.:15:42.

capital of Kabul, with the route to traffic, people moving back

:15:43.:15:47.

It is very rare to have militants attack Islamic

:15:48.:15:54.

This is a single incident, but the Iraqi embassy

:15:55.:16:01.

recently hosted an event where they celebrated the

:16:02.:16:06.

success against Islamic State in Mosul.

:16:07.:16:10.

The ambassador promised to root out IS militants in total from

:16:11.:16:13.

This incident is a very worrying signal for the Afghan

:16:14.:16:20.

authorities, because it shows that a IS militants can carry out

:16:21.:16:25.

large-scale attacks in main cities, such as Kabul.

:16:26.:16:34.

Diana, Princess of Wales, grabbed the headlines

:16:35.:16:35.

throughout her life, and she's doing it again now, 20

:16:36.:16:38.

One documentary, called 'Diana:In Her Own Words',

:16:39.:16:46.

is creating considerable controversy, as it is built

:16:47.:16:49.

around video conversations in which she speaks candidly

:16:50.:16:51.

and informally about her upbringing, her marriage to the Prince of Wales

:16:52.:16:55.

The tapes have never before been broadcast on British television,

:16:56.:17:01.

and have opened up the debate about the right to privacy

:17:02.:17:04.

I've been speaking to the BBC's Matt Cole about this,

:17:05.:17:09.

They have now been sold by that speaking coach. They had previous

:17:10.:17:23.

been put out pass by NBC television in the United States, but never in

:17:24.:17:28.

the UK, and Channel 4 in the UK says there is going to be material never

:17:29.:17:33.

before seen in them. They say that these tapes represent a very

:17:34.:17:36.

important historical source, a historical document. They say they

:17:37.:17:40.

had been travelling which clips to choose, it is a 90 minute

:17:41.:17:44.

documentary which contains other interviews and material than just

:17:45.:17:48.

from these or five hours' worth of tapes. They say it is in the public

:17:49.:17:53.

interest that these are seen. The question of privacy. These were

:17:54.:17:56.

tapes that were not interviews by the likes of you and me, they were

:17:57.:18:00.

not given by Princess Diana to be broadcast later, not like the big

:18:01.:18:04.

interview she did in 1995 with Martin Bashir, the journalist who

:18:05.:18:07.

famously did one big interview. The only major broadcaster interview she

:18:08.:18:12.

ever did. This is Diana in her own words.

:18:13.:18:16.

The award-winning French actress Jeanne Moreau has died

:18:17.:18:18.

Her career spanned six decades and she starred

:18:19.:18:21.

in dozens of films, including Jules et Jim, La Notte,

:18:22.:18:27.

Dangerous Liaisons and Viva Maria, for which she won a Bafta.

:18:28.:18:33.

The French journalist who is Latin for others from Paris. Thank you for

:18:34.:18:43.

your time. People who have never seen her on can you convey what made

:18:44.:18:53.

her so special? She worked more than 60 years in French and international

:18:54.:18:58.

cinema. She was a good friend for us, she did not like to be called a

:18:59.:19:06.

grandmother, she was the Old Lady of French cinema. She was a free

:19:07.:19:14.

actress and a free woman. She was very... She told a lot about film

:19:15.:19:21.

makers, she had love affairs with them, her work was very important,

:19:22.:19:26.

because it was part of her life. Especially of course what she did at

:19:27.:19:39.

the beginning of the 1960s, she became an icon for ours in those

:19:40.:19:48.

days. I guess that film just did not just launched as an actress but that

:19:49.:19:50.

is a singer, because one the most famous scenes is where she serenades

:19:51.:20:06.

us. She always told of how the movie was written, the director were

:20:07.:20:09.

staying at her place and a lot of people were coming, and among them

:20:10.:20:14.

there was this guy, a poet and novelist from Iran, and he was

:20:15.:20:23.

writing songs and one of the songs was is not in the film, she started

:20:24.:20:29.

a new career as a singer. That's right used in the film. She was also

:20:30.:20:36.

singing, and this song is really iconic of a way of, the way French

:20:37.:20:45.

cinema talked about ours with Frank feelings about it. She was great in

:20:46.:20:52.

that. The new a lot of film-makers from Orson Welles to Ingmar Bergman

:20:53.:20:59.

and the Swedish director, she was friends with them. She had worked

:21:00.:21:02.

with them sometimes. Sometimes she didn't work. She was very close to a

:21:03.:21:10.

lot of great intellectual figures of the 60s. Before I let you go, many

:21:11.:21:16.

people watching will have seen her films, but what film of hers should

:21:17.:21:22.

they watch? That is a tough question. She did another movie with

:21:23.:21:28.

Truffaut called The Bride Wore Black. It is interesting because you

:21:29.:21:31.

will see she has a very different kind of beauty than other activities

:21:32.:21:39.

of the time. You can see also a movie by... Called Lovers. It do a

:21:40.:21:43.

lot of scandal in Paris in the 50s. And of course you can see her in

:21:44.:21:51.

movies by the inventors. You have a lot of choice. We appreciate you

:21:52.:21:53.

joining us, I give much indeed. Children in China suffering

:21:54.:21:59.

from terminal illnesses often receive little

:22:00.:22:00.

or no palliative care. One woman though is trying to help

:22:01.:22:02.

some of those children, The main difficulties were trying to

:22:03.:22:17.

get people to understand that we were not killing children, that we

:22:18.:22:28.

were not just fighting for them. My name is Lenny Gould. I am the

:22:29.:22:33.

co-founder and CEO of Butterfly Children's Hospices. We Pioneer

:22:34.:22:37.

Palliative Care For Children. When we first moved to China, our care

:22:38.:22:43.

for adults was blossoming. Care for children was nonexistent. So we had

:22:44.:22:51.

to start from a very basic level. There was completely no

:22:52.:22:53.

understanding of what we were trying to do. Culturally, it is considered

:22:54.:23:01.

very bad if you do not fight for your child's live right up until the

:23:02.:23:07.

moment they die. Families will feel criticised. If you talk about

:23:08.:23:11.

palliative care, people immediately think about you giving up. Whereas

:23:12.:23:17.

actually, you're not giving up, you are just adding quality and life to

:23:18.:23:21.

the days that the child might have left.

:23:22.:23:36.

We kept seeing parents who had abandoned their children at the gate

:23:37.:23:42.

of an orphanage, and you realise that families have tried everything

:23:43.:23:45.

within their means to get a cure for that child to get help for the

:23:46.:23:50.

child. It is only after a lot of heartache that they decide they

:23:51.:23:54.

cannot do any more. It is just at the point where a child is the most

:23:55.:23:59.

needy, to see the child and the family separated was heartbreaking.

:24:00.:24:10.

What is relatively easy to deal with is their physical symptoms. What is

:24:11.:24:17.

more difficult is the effect of their abandonment. And there is that

:24:18.:24:25.

huge sense of loss, that confusion that hurts, that mummy and daddy are

:24:26.:24:29.

not there all. What have I done deserve that?

:24:30.:24:33.

As though we have to work very hard to teach the staff and the

:24:34.:24:42.

importance of touch, the importance of speaking gently, the importance

:24:43.:24:46.

of cuddles. So that we can start to give the child the wheel to live,

:24:47.:24:51.

eat and even if they cannot live a long time, they will know that they

:24:52.:24:56.

are laughed and that they had been touched and that they were worthy of

:24:57.:25:01.

somebody loving them. And the first time a child smiles, it is like, you

:25:02.:25:05.

know, we have achieved something really to Medicare.

:25:06.:25:18.

When the child has gone, the nannies will watch the body, with them in

:25:19.:25:26.

beautiful new clothes, maybe give them one of their favourite toys and

:25:27.:25:30.

perhaps wrap them in some material covered in butterflies, and then we

:25:31.:25:32.

carry on. Commemorations have been taking

:25:33.:25:38.

place at the Tyne Cot cemetery in Belgium to mark 100 years

:25:39.:25:42.

since the start one of the bloodiest Over three months, British

:25:43.:25:45.

and Allied troops clashed with German soldiers in what became

:25:46.:25:48.

known as the Battle Around 500,000 on both

:25:49.:25:51.

sides of the War were killed, wounded

:25:52.:25:55.

or went missing. Things remain unsettled over the

:25:56.:26:15.

next few days, showers to the day-to-day and more and forecast for

:26:16.:26:17.

tomorrow. There

:26:18.:26:19.

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