03/08/2017 World News Today

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Our top stories: An all-time and very dangerous low -


President Trump's Twitter verdict on US-Russian relations,


blaming Congress for new sanctions against Moscow.


Caught in a heatwave - from Romania to Spain and Portugal,


temperatures in Europe reach dangerous highs.


What we are seeing are at those temperatures around 10-15dC above


average, some very high and causing problems.


of the world's most expensive footballer Neymar appears to be over


- after Barcelona say they've received his quarter of a billion


And a major oil reserve lies beneath this Arctic ice,


but do the benefits of drilling outweigh the costs?


In one Alaska whaling community, some are fearful


Just imagine if there were to be a big spill on the ocean. None of this


would be happening right now. Hello and welcome


to World News Today. Donald Trump has signed


the bill authorising new US sanctions against Russia,


but he's clearly not happy about it. Hardly surprising -


what president would want Congress It's described the new sanctions


as tantamount to declaring a "full-scale trade war" and show


the complete impotence The sanctions are retaliation


for Russia's alleged meddling in last year's election


and its actions in Ukraine. Laura Bicker is following


developments from Washington. Laura, Donald Trump putting all of


the blame on Congress. How reluctant was he to back the sanctions? He was


very much boxed into a corner. Remember, right at the beginning of


his administration, he wanted a new relationship with Vladimir Putin, a


preset with Russia. He said he thought he would get along very well


with Vladimir Putin, and here we are just six months later and already


relations seem to be, in his words, at an all time low, but when it


comes to Donald Trump and his view of Russia and the view of those


politicians on Russia, they are very different. Republicans and Democrats


have long viewed Russia as a full, not a friend. And when they heard


evidence from the evidence committee that they alleged that Russia


meddled in the US election, they proposed this kind of bill, the


sanctions to just say to Russia no more. Once they drop that bill, it


had to land on the desk of the president. He had to sign it because


it was overwhelmingly supported, which meant that if he vetoed it, it


would have been overridden by Congress, sunny was backed into a


corner and they have also put constraints on him within this bill.


It means he can't lift or waive sanctions against Russia. You have


heard some of the comments there from the Russian Prime Minister, who


has said that this makes Donald Trump impotent. Well, when it comes


to it, that is not going to go down well in the White House. Donald


Trump feels that Congress is stepping on his toes is impeding his


presidency, and that is something that he is not going to take


lightly. And by saying what he said on Twitter, like distancing himself


from the decision, how much does it send a signal to Russia sailing, "I


wanted to improve relations with you, but my hands are tied." Well,


he may be trying to do that inadvertently in his tweet and


really aid to Russia, "Hang on a second, I am not Congress." But at


the same time, I think mostly his message is to his base and it is to


say that he is still an outsider. Remember, this is a president who


ran on a ticket to the White House of being a political outsider. He


has not really got many Republican establishment figures around him any


more atoll, which means you can separate from party politics. It


means that when things like this do not go his way and when he made


reference to the health care boat, which also did not go his way, it


means you can blame politicians. He can say, "It is all their fault, not


mine." Another story that is dominating the American airwaves and


beyond is leaked conversations between Donald Trump and other


leaders, in particular Mexico. This has come out from the Washington


Post. It is a series of transcripts that they published from Donald


Trump's January cold, pressed or the Mexican president, but he seems to


say to him that he should not or would prefer that he did not say


publicly that he would not pay for the wall. "You Cannot say that to


the press," is one of the quotes. He also seems to imply that funding


will be found from other sources and that they will find it somehow, and


when it comes to the relationship between him and the Australian Prime


Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, that transcript is very interesting.


There is increasingly heated debate over whether or not the US should


accept refugees from Australian detention centres. Donald Trump


didn't want to do this, he says, "You are killing me here." And then


the conversation heats up even more and he says, "He hated those


people,"" and he guaranteed they were bad," and he then goes on to


say, "This is the worst conversation I have had all day but the


conversation I had with Vladimir Putin was rather pleasant."


Venezuela's opposition has postponed a protest


against a powerful new assembly backed by President Maduro until it


The opposition believes the powerful pro-government assembly


The country's attorney general has opened an investigation into last


Sunday's election following claims that the government inflated


The BBC's Katy Watson has been telling us more.


Well, she's a big critic of Mr Maduro.


Now, she has said that she will employ some prosecutors to look


into four of the directors at the electoral council.


One of the directors has been quite critical of the constituent


I was at a press conference just a few days ago where one


of the politicians talked about her as Louisa


'what's-her-name.' She's certainly not liked.


So this, of course, just heaps more pressure on President Maduro,


In the speech he gave last night, he talked about the fact that


despite the allegations of vote tampering, 10 million Venezuelans


tried to come out to vote and only 8 million could because 2 million


were stopped by fire, by barricades, so he's very resolute on that.


He's saying this vote happened and it happened fairly.


FC Barcelona has confirmed in the last hour that


representatives for Neymar have paid the $263 million release


The Brazillian is now expected to sign with Paris St-Germain


Richard Conway is at Paris Saint Germain's


Where are we at with all of this? Well, this deal is now on the verge


of being confirmed. The necessary steps to clear Neymar from his


contract with Barcelona, as you have discussed, has now been done, but it


was a convoluted process and there were a few hiccups along the way.


Lawyers for Neymar went to the offices of Paris St Germain, that is


the Spanish league, this morning in Madrid. They try to pay them, as is


the normal route in such circumstances it is the


responsibility of the player in Spain to play -- paid the fee. They


said that they believed this was financial doping, as it was put.


They are not happy with what they see as a potential breach of


European football finance regulations. So the club has had to


go a different route to make the deal happen. Instead, what we got


was Neymar's lawyer is going to Barcelona directly and paying them


the $263 million into their office today. That's now according to the


club has released Neymar from his contract and he is now free to come


here to Paris St Germain, where he will sign as a player. There could


be an announcement tonight, certainly something tomorrow. There


are definitely things afoot around the stadium. They are planning


perhaps for an event, so it is not known now if we will see Neymar and


when confirmed as a Paris St Germain player. How much people is it for


Barcelona to lose a player like Neymar? If there a certain amount of


hurt pride going on here? Yes, I think there is the degree of hurt


pride about it, but I think more than that, they have been caught


napping. When the established his contract, they put this release


clause in there, perhaps thinking that no one would ever pay such a


sum of money. Well, their bluff has been called and Paris St Germain


backed by Qatar's sovereign wealth fund have come up with the cash, so


there will certainly be some political ramifications for their


board of directors. Of course, they are, Barcelona, owned by their fans.


Their president is elected, sweating there will be some political


limitations of losing such a star player who is in his prime. He


perhaps wants to step aside and leave out of the shadow of players


like Lionel Messi, who are there. So they will have to try to reinvest


some of the money they will get back from this deal, that $260 million,


so I think it will be something of a cascade effect within the transfer


market, there are some weeks left in this transfer window, and I think we


might see some more big-money deals being processed before this window


closes. We will keep watching. Richard Conway, thank you very much.


Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.


Millions of people living in South Asia face a deadly threat


from heat and humidity driven by global warming,


The study in the journal Science Advances warns that most


of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh will experience temperatures close


to the limits of survivability by 2100, without emissions


Two men have been charged with terror offences in Sydney,


after being arrested on suspicion of plotting to bring down a plane.


A third man detained in a series of raids


across the city at the weekend, is still being questioned.


A fourth man has been released without charge.


China says there will be serious consequences if India does not


withdraw its troops from a Himalayan region claimed by Beijing.


China says Indian forces are of trespassing in the Doklam area


which borders China, India and Bhutan.


India says the troops were sent in in June to stop the Chinese


Health warnings are in place across Europe as temperatures reach


A record-breaking heatwave is currently affecting


swathes of the continent, from Romania to Spain and Portugal.


In southern Italy, temperatures have been as high as 45 Celsius,


and it could get even hotter this weekend.


With me is Phil Avery from the BBC Weather Centre.


How bad is it? We are not quite in unknown territory. I should say


that, although we are going to focus on Europe, I am also keeping a close


eye on some other situations across the world. There is a typhoon in the


north-eastern corner of Asia at the moment which will be all over Japan


within the next couple of days or so, some of those wins with an


excess of 200 mph. And we have the storms and the rainfall coming from


that. We will move on to talk about heat, but I must acknowledge that we


have been with many times over the next few weeks -- over the past few


weeks talking about the heatwaves. Real concerns and also extensive


wildfire action across the world, so we have not forgotten about the rest


of the world by any means at all, but as you say, the situation in


Europe as the battle quite some time now. Just a few weeks ago, we were


talking about extensive wildfires across parts of Portugal ended to


Spain, and now recently we have seen this explosion of heat across the


southern parts, and as you said, quite extensively all the way from


the central and southern parts of Europe, Italy very widely indeed,


all the way through south-eastern Europe and into eastern parts of


Europe too. Temperatures which should be at this time of year


around the 30 Celsius mark, 28 Celsius or so, are widely in excess


of 40 Celsius. This is not record-breaking nationally, because


for example the record for Italy is 48.5 Celsius. Athens had 45 Celsius


back in 1997, so I think we have not got there yet but some local records


will be broken. Giving out any indication of how things will go for


the rest of August? As ever, you are pushing me a long way into the


future there. As a forecaster, I like to do about the next week or so


to give people some certainty about that and the news that I have you is


that book for example a single which has been up at around 40 Celsius or


Tuesday of next week coming back down to around 36 Celsius, but the


red on this particular chart shows you the extent of the searing heat,


all the way from central and southern parts of Spain, certainly


through Italy, across the Adriatic and widely across eastern parts of


Europe. And you would hope that that weather front that I am showing just


north of the Alps might come down and offer some relief, and I have


alluded to the fact that northern parts of Italy may be part of


Switzerland to good seems -- to see some reduction, but adds that


weather front comes in from the Atlantic, that boundary becomes very


explosive and we could be back here on Sunday or even into the start of


next week suggesting that frontal system produced a lot of


thunderstorm activity widely just to the north of the real heatwaves area


and that could be producing 100 millimetres of rain just like that,


so that could be very gusty winds, torrential downpours, flash


flooding, but all the while, southern parts of Italy and the


south-eastern corner of Europe stays at around 40 Celsius, 10-15dC above


normal. Auntie for updating us. -- thank you for updating us.


The head of the Libyan National Army has vowed to repel any Italian


ships approaching Libya's waters without permission.


This follows a decision by the Italian parliament to send


naval boats to Libya to stop migrants


The Italian authorities are also clamping down on international


charities which have been helping to rescue those trying to make


At the start of the migrant crisis, the Italian Navy used to play a key


But now its mission is to enter Libyan territorial waters to


help the Libyan coast guard spot migrant


boats as they set sail, and


The abrupt change of mission was given


the go-ahead by the Italian parliament.


Most politicians clearly wanting an end to the crisis.


The goal of the Italian government is to


stem the flow, bring it close to zero and basically tweak the Turkey


deal and adapt it to the situation in Libya


is to bring a flow which is in the hundreds


of thousands, to close to


Almost 100,000 migrants have reached Italy so far this year.


Other EU countries were supposed to have taken many of them.


So large numbers are applying for asylum here, putting


the government under pressure with elections looming next year.


Now the Italian Navy's sophisticated radar


will enable the Libyan coast guard to stop many migrant boats before


they leave Libyan territorial waters.


That is sparking alarm amongst human rights organisations.


There is automatic detention of irregular


migrants in centres where people are systematically abused, and it is


completely unclear how the Italian government think that these people


would be protected after disembarking Libya with the key


assistance of the Italian government.


Italy is also imposing restrictions on boats used by


It's feared fewer ships will now be in


the key areas, and already this year more than 2000 migrants have


The rift within the World wide Anglican communion over the support


of some churches for same sex marriage seems to be widening.


One of the leading conservative figures in the church


and Archbishop of Uganda, Stanley Ntagali has said


he won't attend the next gathering of its leaders in England


because of some churches' stance on gay marriage.


The BBC's religious affairs editor Martin Bashir sent this report.


archbishops are on a mission, heading north towards refugee camps


The welcome they receive is rapturous.


There are nearly a million South Sudanese


living in camps like this, after fleeing


a brutal civil war, with


many families rushing to the border carrying only their children.


God loves especially the refugee, the


And that means he loves you specially.


While the archbishops are of one mind, in their support for these


refugees, there is another issue about which they are deeply divided.


And it concerns not one country in one continent,


but the entire unity of the Anglican Communion.


That numbers almost 80 million Christians in 165 Nations.


Your Grace, shouldn't you be in the middle?


Stanley Ntagali, a conservative evangelical, walked out


of a global gathering of archbishops last year after the American


Episcopal Church voted to endorse same-sex marriage.


He says the Bible teaches that marriage is between a


man and a woman, and that the growing Ugandan church will not


remain in fellowship with those who support same-sex unions.


The next meeting of Anglican leaders is in


You've been invited to the primates meeting in October.


No, I have made it clear I am not attending because of


the position the Church of Uganda holds.


And that is that homosexuality is wrong?


I thought you wanted to ask me about the


refugees, but now you're concentrating on that subject.


Stanley Ntagali says he remains committed to


the Anglican Communion and will not be pulling the Ugandan church out.


Although we have differences of agreement, of opinion, over issues


around human sexuality, when we were dealing with refugees,


Archbishop Justin Welby concluded his visit by


praying for peace and reconciliation in South Sudan.


A prayer that he probably repeated privately for the


The Inupiat of the high Arctic call the ocean their "garden"


and they view its greatest harvest as the Bowhead whale.


They believe the whales give themselves so that hunters can


But what will happen if the Trump administration allows more oil


Our environment correspondent Claire Marshall travelled more than 300


miles north of the Arctic Circle, and sent this report.


The climate is changing, and the ice that covers


Here, the conflict between the natural world and the business


This town is the furthest north in the United States,


so remote it is cut off by a road from the rest of the country.


The Inupiat call the ocean their garden.


And this is where they store their harvest of whale meat.


And that skin you put on top of the heart.


This is an ice seller dug out of the permafrost,


It helps to sustain them during the long, Arctic winter.


As your mouth starts to warm it up, it softens up like chocolate.


It's a richness you can't get from anything else.


Just kind of let it dissolve a little bit in your mouth,


I don't mind the meat of it, but I'm not mad on that.


We use white because Wales can see colour.


She takes us to a feast on the beach.


The Inupiat have hunted the bowhead whale in their sealskin boats


Now, Donald Trump intends to reverse the ban on drilling


And many are afraid they will lose their way of life.


I honestly want to be at the shore and tell them, "No, you can't."


I mean, just imagine if there were to be a big spill in the ocean.


None of this would be happening right now.


But, like the rest of Alaska, this town is almost


Taxes on the industry in other parts of the country pay


for the infrastructure, and every Alaskan gets


We'll just start slicing all of the mukduk off this layer.


Fred believes that oil is the only way they can carry on hunting.


It costs money to go whaling, so there is an opportunity


to coexist together and an opportunity for not only


industry to thrive, but then also the local traditional hunters.


We are closer to the North Pole here than we are to Washington, DC,


but the White House has its eyes firmly fixed on this region.


It's an unstable world, and what lies beneath his eyes


could be crucial to the energy security of the United States.


But drilling here would be very risky, just as it's risky to hunt.


Armed in case of polar bears, some other hunters take us up


The Arctic is warming twice as fast as anywhere else on the planet.


Most scientists agree that oil and fossil fuel is helping


Maybe we should start looking ahead for something that's more renewable.


Maybe wind in the winter and solar in the summer,


Traditional Inupiat dancers tell the stories


Donald Trump and his decisions may well be woven


Finally, the British film and television actor Robert Hardy has


died. He was famous for his roles in Harry Potter and All Creatures Great


and Small. His family say he had a tremendous life. Gruff, twinkly and


celebrated eye everyone who knew him and everyone who enjoyed his work.


Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some


of the team on Twitter - I'm @KarinBBC.


Hello. Low pressure will be moving away slowly tomorrow. It will still