04/08/2017 World News Today


04/08/2017

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Thousands of government supporters march in the Venezuelan capital,

:00:00.:00:17.

Caracas, as the new constitutional assembly takes office.

:00:18.:00:22.

Despite a Vatican call for its suspension.

:00:23.:00:25.

America's Attorney General condemns what he calls the staggering level

:00:26.:00:28.

of unauthorised access to classified

:00:29.:00:29.

We will investigate and seeks to bring criminals to justice. We will

:00:30.:00:40.

not now romantic, anonymous sources with clearances to sell out our

:00:41.:00:42.

country. -- We will not allow rogue

:00:43.:00:51.

anonymous sources... Health warnings across Europe

:00:52.:00:53.

as some countries experience expensive footballer,

:00:54.:00:56.

says he joined Paris St-Germain, Hello, and welcome to

:00:57.:01:02.

BBC World News Today. Venezuela's new constituent assembly

:01:03.:01:18.

is being sworn right now. Well, President Nicolas Maduro

:01:19.:01:21.

called for its election so the existing constitution

:01:22.:01:26.

could be rewritten. Opposition leaders have denounced it

:01:27.:01:29.

as an attempt by the government to strengthen its power as it's

:01:30.:01:33.

formed almost entirely There have been jubilant scenes

:01:34.:01:36.

in the capital, Caracas. Pro-government rallies have been

:01:37.:01:50.

taking place. Assembly members have been sworn into the legislative

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Palace despite growing international condemnation of the controversial

:01:54.:01:58.

vote will stop the Vatican being the latest to call on the Venezuelan

:01:59.:02:00.

governments to stop. BBC's Luis Fajardo

:02:01.:02:03.

joins us from Miami. That's swearing in has taken place

:02:04.:02:13.

despite international condemnation. Rat is right, they did it in a very

:02:14.:02:18.

symbolic and possibly theatrical way. The leaders of the

:02:19.:02:23.

pro-government faction that control the new assembly walks into the

:02:24.:02:29.

building carrying the portrait of Chavez, the father of the

:02:30.:02:33.

revolution. The assembly has been in the house of the national assembly

:02:34.:02:37.

which has been controlled by the opposition. When they do ever the

:02:38.:02:41.

national assembly a couple of years ago, they made a big deal of

:02:42.:02:44.

removing this portrait of Hugo Chavez. They are showing the

:02:45.:02:49.

pro-government faction taking ever one of the last bastions of

:02:50.:02:55.

opposition right now. Confusion about what happens next. The need

:02:56.:03:00.

for a referendum. Could you explain this process to yours. That is one

:03:01.:03:06.

of the big issues here that no videos what happens next because the

:03:07.:03:10.

Venezuelan constituent assembly has such a degree of power and autonomy

:03:11.:03:15.

that they could rule, they would not need any further endorsement by any

:03:16.:03:19.

referendum. In theory, they could replace the president. One of the

:03:20.:03:23.

issues of great uncertainty right now is the amount of power that will

:03:24.:03:28.

be controlled by the assembly. The course leaders of the assembly who

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have just been named are closely associated with President Nicolas

:03:34.:03:38.

Maduro. They are seen as close allies but there is still a strong

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degree of uncertainty and that is one of the things the opposition

:03:43.:03:46.

complained about. There is an enormous amount of power being given

:03:47.:03:51.

to a new constituent assembly that will rewrite a lot of the

:03:52.:03:54.

institutional framework in Venezuela and the operation, opposition is

:03:55.:04:00.

afraid that this will take over the last bastions in Venezuela. The

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Vatican appeals for calm from security forces. How real is the

:04:07.:04:09.

threat of violence breaking out onto the streets of Venezuela?

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Unfortunately it is all very real. Of course, for the last three

:04:17.:04:20.

months, Venezuela has seen almost constant street demonstrations and

:04:21.:04:24.

confrontation hitting pro and anti-Government sympathisers. Today,

:04:25.:04:30.

there is an opposition march beginning to form right now and

:04:31.:04:34.

moving towards the assembly building. Every time in the past

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they have tried to reach key Government buildings, they been

:04:42.:04:44.

strongly confronted by security buildings. Until now, no serious

:04:45.:04:48.

incidents today but there is unfortunately elderly that potential

:04:49.:04:51.

because of the extreme degree of all right Asian that the people in

:04:52.:04:56.

Caracas feel right now. We'll leave it right now but thank you very

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much. This is the scene in Caracas right

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now as the new assembly has been sworn in. There is. That is to place

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a few minutes ago. Up to 500 members were given their new positions and

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the new president of the constituent assembly also being named as Dalci

:05:18.:05:24.

Rodriguez. More news as we get it. Also news on the leaks that have

:05:25.:05:45.

been brought out. Regarding President Trump.

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Donald Trump is never happier than when is out of Washington. This is

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where he belongs. An adoring crowd in West Virginia, the problems of

:06:01.:06:06.

Russia, collusion, special counsel and grand juries are a long way from

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the country roads. The Russia story is a total fabrication. It is just

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an excuse for the greatest loss in the story of American politics. That

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is all it is. He didn't mention the special counsel by name but had him

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in his sights when he said this. I just hope the final determination is

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a truly honest one. The grand jury is made up of members of the public

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meeting behind closed doors to consider evidence gathered. They can

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force people to testify or hand over evidence. They will decide whether

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the material is strong enough to proceed to a criminal trial.

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Crucially, they don't decide if a potential defendant is innocent or

:06:55.:06:57.

guilty. That is done by a conventional jury. Of course, it may

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be that the grand jury meeting at this courthouse will come to the

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conclusion that the evidence doesn't add up to much and there's no need

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further action. The fact that they grand jury has been called is a sign

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that this investigation is intensifying and will last a good

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deal of money yet. The other worry for the Trump also Irish is the

:07:21.:07:24.

scale of the enquiry will spread as well. -- the Trump entourage.

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Another is the endless damaging and revealing leaks from within the

:07:30.:07:33.

administration. Today, the Attorney General revealed a new crackdown.

:07:34.:07:41.

This new... Nation -- this nation must put an end to these weeks. We

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have to bring criminal justice. We will not allow rogue, criminal

:07:46.:07:55.

sources to sell out our country. The president visited the emergency

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centre for Larry King, it is our king season. With this grand jury,

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one could soon be barrelling towards Donald Trump. -- the centre for

:08:05.:08:09.

hurricanes. Let's take a look at some of

:08:10.:08:09.

the other stories making the news. The US economy has seen strong jobs

:08:10.:08:13.

growth thanks to a wave of hiring President Trump has welcomed

:08:14.:08:16.

the news, tweeting... Excellent jobs numbers

:08:17.:08:26.

just released - South Korea's spy agency has

:08:27.:08:27.

admitted it tried to manipulate the result of the 2012 presidential

:08:28.:08:31.

election to ensure Park Geun-hye did beat

:08:32.:08:33.

liberal Moon Jae-in, but she is now facing trial

:08:34.:08:43.

for corruption and abuse of power. Researchers warn that half

:08:44.:08:46.

of India's nearly 800 languages Experts says children

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from linguistic minorities or indigenous communities aren't

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educated in their mother tongue, and there's little incentive

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for following generations to keep Parts of southern Europe

:08:55.:08:56.

are suffering from the hottest sustained heatwave for more

:08:57.:09:07.

than a decade. Temperatures have reached 45 degrees

:09:08.:09:13.

Celsius in some parts of Italy and the Balkans and several

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countries have issued Let's talk to Phil Avery

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from the BBC Weather Centre. Lovely to see you. We have some

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wonderful pictures of people really enjoying the weather. However there

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is a danger. Most certainly. As you have intimated in your introduction,

:09:38.:09:42.

a number of authorities issuing a health warnings. The media types, we

:09:43.:09:48.

always talk about 45 Celsius by day but there is no relief by night. I

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was reading lines from Canadian tourists who were expecting a jolly

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time in Europe and they said they didn't expect 40 Celsius plus and

:09:57.:10:02.

the payoff is, once you get at by night, it is hard to drag both

:10:03.:10:06.

average was down by day. You can get them below 28 - 30 Celsius. People

:10:07.:10:12.

really stressing through the lack of sleep and the fact it is difficult

:10:13.:10:17.

to stay healthy in those conditions. What is the current situation? This

:10:18.:10:24.

is what we are expecting to see on Saturday, on this temperature

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profile. Looking across Europe, many of these are above 40 Celsius. We

:10:27.:10:34.

are going through Sardinia, down to Siberia. Some of these are not

:10:35.:10:38.

extraordinary in one or two days but we have spoken about wildfires for

:10:39.:10:43.

quite some time. We go back a few weeks, it was Iberia. We had similar

:10:44.:10:49.

things in Croatia, talking about the effects. We can drag that engine

:10:50.:10:53.

power shortages because everyone turns on air conditioning if they

:10:54.:10:58.

have it in places like Croatia. There are real effect. We see no

:10:59.:11:03.

reduction going into this weekend. Across the south has been a source

:11:04.:11:04.

for quite some time. Why has it not move further north?

:11:05.:11:15.

There is an absolute dividing line comes in the form of the weather

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front. Parts of northern Europe, people will look at the south and

:11:21.:11:23.

think they wished they had part of that sunshine because the north,

:11:24.:11:29.

which changing you now, at best it is 20-something, nowhere near

:11:30.:11:33.

30-40dC, mid-40s Celsius. The reason why it has not swept across Europe

:11:34.:11:39.

as a whole is because the north of Europe picks up cooler, fresher,

:11:40.:11:43.

Atlantic air whereas the south is but with this big area of high

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pressure which keeps circulating this heat and the worrying statistic

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that I have to finish with is that the UK Met Office is confirming that

:11:52.:11:57.

this sort of extreme weather event is ten times more likely to happen

:11:58.:12:02.

now and into the future than was as recently as the 2000s. Does this

:12:03.:12:08.

have anything to do with the jet stream? Wheel of talking about that.

:12:09.:12:13.

I know you are talking about it, we should get you to talk about that

:12:14.:12:18.

rather than me. It sort of has but I know, thankfully we don't have

:12:19.:12:20.

enough time to talk about it in detail. New cheat. Thank you, thank

:12:21.:12:24.

you very much. Leo Varadker crossed the Irish

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border for the first time as Ireland's Prime Minister to set

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out his concerns about what could -- Ireland's Prime Minister,

:12:40.:12:53.

Leo Varadkar, says Britain must soon address, the key issue of the status

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of the Irish border after Brexit, He says he doesn't want economic

:12:56.:12:58.

barriers, between Britain and Ireland, and is calling

:12:59.:13:01.

for 'unique solutions,' to preserve After Brexit, Ireland

:13:02.:13:04.

will have the EU's only Our Ireland Correspondent

:13:05.:13:07.

Chris Buckler reports Leo Varadker crossed the Irish

:13:08.:13:10.

border for the first time as Ireland's Prime Minister to set

:13:11.:13:12.

out his concerns about what could He arrived in Belfast having upset

:13:13.:13:15.

unionists with recent But inside Queens University today,

:13:16.:13:18.

the new Taoiseach was keen to talk At a time when Brexit

:13:19.:13:22.

threatens to drive a wedge between North and South,

:13:23.:13:26.

between Britain and Ireland, we need to build more

:13:27.:13:28.

bridges and fewer borders. He is a Taioseoch

:13:29.:13:30.

of a new generation. The referendum over

:13:31.:13:32.

the Good Friday Peace Agreement marked the first time

:13:33.:13:34.

he was eligible to vote. He said the challenge of this

:13:35.:13:36.

generation is Brexit and again he challenged those he called

:13:37.:13:38.

the Brexiteers to come up with proposals to ease the problems

:13:39.:13:41.

posed by new borders. They have already had 14 months

:13:42.:13:45.

to do so, which should have been ample time to come up

:13:46.:13:49.

with detailed proposals. But if they cannot,

:13:50.:13:52.

and I believe they cannot, then we can start to talk

:13:53.:13:56.

meaningfully about solutions that For example, if the United Kingdom

:13:57.:13:58.

doesn't want to stay in the customs union,

:13:59.:14:06.

perhaps there can be an EU-UK And if it was to end up

:14:07.:14:09.

being a so-called hard Brexit, no-one is sure how trade

:14:10.:14:17.

and movement could be monitored, along the border which has

:14:18.:14:19.

scores of open roads. When people talk about the Irish

:14:20.:14:22.

border of the past, they tend to refer to the years

:14:23.:14:26.

of The Troubles, when huge security This is actually the dividing line

:14:27.:14:30.

between the two countries, There's going to be some form

:14:31.:14:38.

of border because the UK will want people going into the South

:14:39.:14:44.

of Ireland and using it I've never seen before,

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you know, I was too young. I didn't see the border but I can

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imagine that it won't be good. But there are some people in Ireland

:14:55.:15:12.

you feel that the key shock is interfering.

:15:13.:15:25.

But there are some people in Ireland you feel that the key shock is

:15:26.:15:33.

-- On this shared island, Leo Varadkar knows there

:15:34.:15:35.

A Brexit deal that's good for the UK is likely to be important on both

:15:36.:15:39.

Chris Buckler, BBC News, Northern Ireland.

:15:40.:15:42.

Now, Neymar has completed a ?200 million deal to go to PSG. We have

:15:43.:15:48.

been told it is not all about the money. Neymar finally in Paris with

:15:49.:15:55.

a ball and the world at his feet. At ?200 million, his transfer from

:15:56.:16:00.

Barcelona is a wreckage deal. When his wages are included, it will

:16:01.:16:04.

eventually top ?400 million. The Brazilian star told me today he has

:16:05.:16:07.

followed his heart and not his wallet. A lot of people say you're

:16:08.:16:13.

doing this for the money, that is your motivation. What do you say to

:16:14.:16:20.

that? TRANSLATION: I did not come here for the money. I came here for

:16:21.:16:24.

the motivation of the challenge and the challenges.

:16:25.:16:35.

On the Champs-Elysees this morning, fans were happy to part with their

:16:36.:16:39.

cash, queueing to buy the new Neymar shirt. The club is backed by a

:16:40.:16:47.

family of Qatar well. The anything he has bagged a bargain. Today until

:16:48.:16:58.

now, the sort merchandised of half 1 million euros and that is just in a

:16:59.:17:05.

couple of others. Neymar has been a star of club and country for many

:17:06.:17:10.

years. People point to the vast sum involved and people as grey as

:17:11.:17:16.

merely a pawn in Qatar's efforts to spread its influence across the

:17:17.:17:21.

globe. The man himself said he is simply here to win. What with the

:17:22.:17:30.

success to you, the Champions League, the Balon D'Or? How would

:17:31.:17:34.

you say you've made it, delivered? TRANSLATION: I want everything, the

:17:35.:17:40.

titles... I came over here to make history. PSG want Neymar to spot a

:17:41.:17:48.

sporting revolution for them. Leaving the stadium tonight, he was

:17:49.:18:00.

greeted by fans as their new king. The French authorities have been

:18:01.:18:02.

accused of failing to provide for asylum seekers as a deliberate

:18:03.:18:05.

policy of trying to dissuade migrants from coming to the country.

:18:06.:18:08.

Hundreds are living in squalor on the outskirts of Metz. Splashing in

:18:09.:18:20.

the summer heat, try topping these children from enjoying themselves.

:18:21.:18:26.

This for them is home, a ramshackle collection of tents perched on how

:18:27.:18:29.

outskirts of the city. Some have been your Fridays, some for many

:18:30.:18:32.

months. All are squeezed into tiny tent will stop they complain of

:18:33.:18:38.

rats, not enough toilets, not enough help. This man is from northern

:18:39.:18:46.

Iraq. He has been here for four months. He wants out. It is

:18:47.:18:54.

difficult for life. I need to go to England. I can't because of borders

:18:55.:18:59.

being closed, it is difficult. We don't have enough money to go. These

:19:00.:19:04.

kinds of places are becoming more common in wealthy Europe as people

:19:05.:19:09.

stream west in search of a better life. Some say that France is

:19:10.:19:13.

denying the stable assistance on purpose. When you are in this kind

:19:14.:19:22.

of place, no incentives. At the end of the day, I think you create such

:19:23.:19:28.

conditions for people who know that when they arrive in France, they

:19:29.:19:33.

have no better conditions than in their own country. It is a charge

:19:34.:19:39.

vigorously rejected by gift already is. TRANSLATION: We currently have

:19:40.:19:45.

nearly 5000 people housed in the region. If the states didn't want to

:19:46.:19:50.

do anything, why would be provide this accommodation? If this camp

:19:51.:19:55.

existed just to frustrate people, it is clearly not working. Most of

:19:56.:20:00.

these people will felt to be accepted for a file, wanting a

:20:01.:20:06.

better life is not a good enough reason for the authorities. -- will

:20:07.:20:13.

fail to be accepted for asylum. The misery that flourishes here will

:20:14.:20:20.

continue. More help from the stage is coming. The ball of the rich west

:20:21.:20:23.

-- The pull ll of the rich west continues.

:20:24.:20:29.

France remains hard and dangerous for the people who come here.

:20:30.:20:34.

Researchers at Nottingham Trent University say a simple device

:20:35.:20:36.

to reduce the weight of washing machines could save fuel,

:20:37.:20:38.

cut carbon emissions, and reduce back injuries.

:20:39.:20:40.

A typical budget washing machine is weighted by a 25 kilogramme

:20:41.:20:42.

concrete block to hold it steady as it spins, but scientists

:20:43.:20:45.

have experimented with something different.

:20:46.:20:58.

Amin Al-Habaibeh, professor in intelligent engineering

:20:59.:21:01.

systems is part of the team at Nottingham Trent

:21:02.:21:04.

The normal washing machines, they have concrete counterweights and the

:21:05.:21:20.

idea is to prevent vibration. The problem with this technology is that

:21:21.:21:24.

the manufacturers need to assemble the concrete counterweights in the

:21:25.:21:32.

factory and ship them to the stores and then they are being transferred

:21:33.:21:38.

or shipped to people at home and that will simply produce carbon

:21:39.:21:43.

emissions that will consume more fuel and, at the same time, could

:21:44.:21:46.

cause health issues in terms of the people who carry such washing

:21:47.:21:52.

machines and store them. Health issues, is that really an issue? Is

:21:53.:21:56.

it a big problem? Normally people need to be trained but certainly

:21:57.:22:04.

reducing the weight of around 30% of a machine device, that makes moving

:22:05.:22:08.

it easier. Especially for the people themselves, the users. If they want

:22:09.:22:15.

to use... Movie washing machine, it becomes easier for them if they are

:22:16.:22:19.

not strange to do that. I understand a company came to you with the idea

:22:20.:22:23.

of exploring the possibility of removing the concrete. Why has no

:22:24.:22:29.

one thought of this before? There were some attempts in the past but

:22:30.:22:34.

what we have done about this project, the unique thing, is that

:22:35.:22:40.

we have tried to replace the counterweight with hollow, plastic

:22:41.:22:43.

containers in the same place, using the same fixture system. That will

:22:44.:22:47.

hopefully make it easier for washing machine manufacturers to replace the

:22:48.:22:53.

concrete counterweightss during the manufacturing process without having

:22:54.:23:00.

to change the design of the washing machine. Plastic can be brutal. How

:23:01.:23:03.

long will this last converter concrete?

:23:04.:23:08.

Well, much of washing machines are already plastic. Adding one more

:23:09.:23:19.

component is within the normal aspect of the current practice. How

:23:20.:23:24.

much is this likely to cost? And very difficult to tell at the

:23:25.:23:29.

moment. Our main focus was on reducing the weight and reducing the

:23:30.:23:37.

carbon emission and the fuel transporting the washing machine to

:23:38.:23:42.

the end user. Certainly, it will be that there are other issues to

:23:43.:23:45.

consider when the product goes to the market. Very briefly, is a

:23:46.:23:49.

interest from manufacturers? Our industrial collaborator is talking

:23:50.:23:56.

now to plastic manufacturers and washing machine manufacturers and we

:23:57.:24:00.

hope it will be soon in the market in the future. Amin Al-Habaibeh,

:24:01.:24:03.

thank you very much. Thank you. The 70th Edinburgh International

:24:04.:24:06.

Festival is underway. Created in the aftermath

:24:07.:24:09.

of the Second World War to give a platform

:24:10.:24:12.

for the flowering of the human spirit, it's now

:24:13.:24:15.

the largest arts festival One couple has been there

:24:16.:24:17.

since the beginning. This is Ingrid and

:24:18.:24:20.

Henry Wuga's story. May 1939, I came on a dramatic

:24:21.:24:35.

journey by train to Germany and eventually we landed in Great

:24:36.:24:48.

Britain. I am 90 double zero 92. 93. I am not 93, am I? Yes. When you

:24:49.:24:57.

heard it was music going on, we thought, can we afford to go?

:24:58.:25:02.

Edinburgh holds the first international music and drama

:25:03.:25:06.

Festival. Scotland's capital's streets will come 120,000 visitors.

:25:07.:25:15.

Gourmand, Young, Lee has no money. We did not mind standing at the

:25:16.:25:21.

back. Many orchestras from all over Europe, America, came to Edinburgh.

:25:22.:25:25.

All of a sudden, there was like a rekindling of life, art, music.

:25:26.:25:29.

People were determined. Iraq determined to lead a better life. It

:25:30.:25:32.

did work. They were determined it should

:25:33.:25:44.

change and be better. This iconic singer became an international star

:25:45.:25:48.

in a very short time. It was fantastic. Having tasted that, of

:25:49.:25:52.

course, there was no slopping ours. We lived for that moment. Fantastic.

:25:53.:25:59.

Do stay with us, plenty more coming up on BBC.

:26:00.:26:07.

Do stay with us, plenty more coming up on BBC.

:26:08.:26:12.