04/08/2017 World News Today


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Thousands of government supporters march in the Venezuelan capital,


Caracas, as the new constitutional assembly takes office.


America's Attorney General condemns what he calls the staggering level


of unauthorised access to classified


We will investigate and seek to bring criminals to justice.


We will not allow rogue anonymous sources...


with security clearances to sell out our country.


Health warnings across Europe as some countries experience


Neymar, the world's most expensive footballer,


Hello, and welcome to BBC World News Today.


Venezuela's new Constituent Assembly has been sworn in.


Their role - as controversially called for by President


Nicolas Maduro - is to re-write the existing constitution.


The elected representatives - more than 500 of them,


almost all of them allies of the President -


gathered in the parliament building for the ceremony in Caracas.


While, outside, confrontations between police and anti-government


Opposition leaders, and leaders internationally,


have condemned the Venezuelan government's plan as an attempt


BBC Monitoring's Luis Fajardo is following events from Miami.


He told me the swearing in of the new assembly was very symbolic.


When the leaders walked into the building carrying the portrait of


Hugo Chavez, the father of the Revolution, in the same building


that will now hold the pro-government assembly has been the


house of the National Assembly which has been controlled by the


opposition and when they took over the National Assembly a couple of


years ago, they made a big deal of removing this portrait of Hugo


Chavez. Really set the symbolic effect of showing the pro-government


faction taking over one of the last introduced zero bastions of the


opposition in Venezuela right now. There seems to be some confusion


about what happens next in terms of the need for a referendum. Explain


this process to us. Actually that is one of the big issues that no one


knows what happens next, because the Venezuelan participant assembly has


such a degree of power and autonomy they could basically rule that they


would not need any further endorsement by any kind of


referendum. In theory they could even replace a president. One of the


issues of great uncertainty is the amount of power that is going to be


controlled by the constituent assembly. Of course the leaders of


the assembly who have just been named are closely associated with


President Nicolas Maduro, seen as close allies of this, but there are


still a strong degree of uncertainty and that was one of the things the


opposition was complaining about, the fact that this is an enormous


amount of power that is being given to a new constituent assembly that


is going to rewrite a lot of the constitutional framework in


Venezuela and the opposition is afraid that they will move against


the last bastions of institutional opposition in Venezuela. We can


cross now to Washington to talk to the co-director of the Centre for


economic and policy research and an expert on the politics and economy


of Venezuela. Thank you for joining us. There has been international


condemnation and direct reaction as well. We are starting to see the


first signs of sanctions against Venezuela and President Maduro. Yes,


I think sanctions from the US will further polarise the situation. The


problem that the US has is regime change like you had in Iraq and


Syria and Afghanistan and Libya and this really needs, it has led to


disaster and will else and if they keep going in this direction it


could push the country into civil war. It is a polarise country. What


they really need is negotiations like they had in the fall of last


year, and something that leads to elections, of course, as President


Maduro has promised, scheduled presidential elections and that is


what they need and instead the US and its allies, including Europe,


and US allies in Latin America, who are on board with the regime change


strategy. Those are the ones that support what the United States, the


drug Administration is doing and those sanctions are already taking


effect, having an enormous negative impact. The black market value of


the currency crashed by 40%, the fastest I have seen it falling in 15


years. Some of these sanctions on individuals will deprive the


government of most of its foreign exchange. One of the officials of


the order companies is, they cannot sign contracts. This is already a


serious attempt to destroy the economy and overthrow the


government. The Secretary of State said it. He said, we are trying to


force President Maduro to design -- resign, and look at policy options


that will get rid of this government. Is President Maduro good


for Venezuela? How does the present Venezuela defer to the vision


previously? That is why they have elections, they have a president


elected for the next year, people can vote him out of office if they


want to do so like they voted him in. The point that the vast majority


of the 7 billion people on the planet would agree with is that a


foreign government does not have the right to overthrow the elected


government of another country. That is what most people believe what the


Trump administration doesn't believe in that. There have been suggestions


that there was widespread electoral fraud in the selection. Where there


observers on the ground in Venezuela at the time of the election on


Sunday? There were some observers. You know, first of all, I don't know


that you can really call it fraud if they inflated the turnout. This was


not a competitive election between the government and the opposition.


The opposition didn't participate. If they did do that then it is


terrible for their credibility. I am not sure that they did. They have


posted all the numbers for the individual races and they do seem to


add up to about what the government claimed. It would be very hard to


fix this. So we don't really know what the totals are, but even if it


did happen, that is not the same thing as stealing an election from


your rival power, and that is not justify it at all. It would be


terrible if those numbers were inflated, but it doesn't affect


relations between the government and the opposition. I'm not defending


what the governments do. I wasn't in favour of this assembly, either. The


point is that we need calm voices, people are calling for dialogue and


negotiation, people within the opposition do favour that but they


are not in the ascendancy right now. Right now it is the hardliners, the


ones who want regime change by any means, and Lopez himself, by the


way, he was arrested because he called on a video for the military


to rebel and to stop providing security for President Maduro


himself. We're going to have to stop you there, sorry about that, thank


you very much. Let's take you to Caracas. We can show you this scene


live now. This is at the new assembly. Unfortunately, we haven't


got those scenes, but there are reports of some protests that have


been taking place by opposition supporters.


Many of the leaks have been about the Trump campaign and their alleged


links to Russia. The FBI chief investigator into this has stepped


up his inquiry. Donald Trump is never happier


than when is out of Washington. An adoring crowd in West Virginia,


the problems of Russia, collusion, special counsel and grand juries


are a long way from The Russia story is


a total fabrication. It is just an excuse


for the greatest loss in the history of American politics.


That is all it is. He didn't mention the special


counsel by name but had him I just hope the final determination


is a truly honest one. The grand jury is made up of members


of the public meeting behind closed They can force people to testify


or hand over evidence. They will decide whether


the material is strong enough Crucially, they don't decide


if a potential defendant is innocent or guilty.


That is done by a conventional jury. Of course, it may be that the grand


jury meeting at this courthouse will come to the conclusion


that the evidence doesn't add up to much and there's no


need further action. The fact that a grand jury has been


called is a sign that this and will last a good


deal longer yet. The other worry for


the Trump entourage scale of the enquiry


will spread as well. Another is the endless


damaging and revealing leaks Today, the Attorney General


revealed a new crackdown. This nation must put


an end to these leaks. We will not allow rogue sources


to sell out our country. The president visited the emergency


centre for hurricans. With this grand jury,


one could soon be barrelling Let's take a look at some of


the other stories making the news. The US economy has seen strong jobs


growth thanks to a wave of hiring President Trump has welcomed


the news, tweeting... Excellent jobs numbers


just released - South Korea's spy agency has


admitted it tried to manipulate the result of the 2012 presidential


election to ensure Park Geun-hye did beat


liberal Moon Jae-in, but she is now facing trial


for corruption and abuse of power. Researchers warn that half


of India's nearly 800 languages Experts says children


from linguistic minorities or indigenous communities aren't


educated in their mother tongue, and there's little incentive


for following generations Parts of southern Europe


are suffering from the hottest sustained heatwave for more


than a decade. Temperatures have reached 45 degrees


Celsius in some parts of Italy and the Balkans and several


countries have issued Several countries have issued


Vadillo health warnings and some regions are contending with drought


and forest fires. Sophie Long reports. Planes putting out while


files in Corsica. Last week the north of the Mediterranean island


burned, and now it is the turn of the cell. The extreme heat has


sparked wild fires across Europe. Swathes of the South of France are


scorched. Now in Hungary, too. Here, hundreds of hectares of grasslands


burnt. Firefighters battled to put out planes before -- flames before


they spread to urban areas. Italy is experiencing its worst drought in 60


years. Thousands of tourists travel there every year in search of


sunshine but the intense heat means people are desperately searching for


shade. We find some nice weather this year but it is not as hot,


nowhere near, making sure that we just drink lots of water. It is


fantastic having the water fountains around Rome. Across the country 26


major towns and cities are on heat alert. Hospital admissions have


increased by 15%. The prolonged drought has affected the agriculture


industry to the tune of billions with 11 regions facing critical


water shortages. All of crops are 50% lower than normal. It's a silly


beaches are quieter than usual, as people follow the lead of the locals


and stay indoors. Others do what they can to protect themselves and


keep cool, as forecasters see no respite in the coming days.


Still to come we talk to the National Geographic photograph --


photographer of the year took this explosive shot of a volcano in


Mexico. Thousands of Venezuelan government


supporters have attended the swearing-in of the controversial


new constituent assembly as protesters opposed


to it confront police. The US Attorney General,


Jeff Sessions, has announced a tougher approach towards dealing


with leaks of classified government information,


saying he won't hesitate A British computer expert who


stopped the worldwide cyber attack has been arrested by the FBI. Marcus


Hutchins is accused of creating software to steal bank details. The


charge is not related to the piece of malware he disarmed in May after


it affected tens of thousands of computers in 150 countries. Marcus


Hutchins was arrested in Las Vegas after spending a week partying in


the desert city. He had been attending a cyber security


conference. He was detained minutes before he was due to board a flight


home at Las Vegas International Airport. In the cyber security


industry he is regarded as something of a folk hero for his role in


stopping the so-called Wannacry virus which hit the NHS in May


before spreading to 150 countries. But he is accused in an indictment


laid down in the US state of Wisconsin of creating software which


was designed, the prosecutors say, to harvest online banking details


and credit card data. The software is called Chronos and was used in a


number of countries including France, the UK, the US and Canada.


He is due to appear in court in Las Vegas. He has some support within


the cyber Security industry and from his mother Janet Hutchins, who said


he spent an enormous amount of his time trying to combat these kind of


problems, to improve security on the web, and she says the charges


against him are outrageous. Time for the sport with Will Bury. Starting


with the latest from the World Athletics Championships in London.


Usain Bolt making his final appearance on the global stage back


at the stadium where he won those gold medals five years ago at London


2012. He has been in action in the 100 metres eats ahead of the


semifinal tomorrow. He won his heat with a time of 10.0 seconds, but


described his performance as a very bad, and he is unhappy with the


starting blocks. Not at his best, but you Usain Bolt, importantly,


into the semifinals of the World Athletics Championships. Mo Farah


has fond memories of the stadium, he won gold in the 5000 metres and


10,000 metres four years ago, and is about a run in the next couple of


minutes in the 10,000 metres final. 25 laps, it starts at 9:20pm UK


time. Also tonight a big upset in the long jump. The Olympic champion


Jeff Henderson of the US able not be coming back to the final. He could


only manage a jump of 7.74 metres. That was in his final jump. Not


enough to make the cut tomorrow. He's not a happy man. There has been


abuzz in Paris because of that man, the world record signing, Neymar,


for PSG, paraded in the city, and hundreds queueing at the club shop


to buy shirts with his name on the back. He gave his only British media


interview to our correspondent Richard Conway, and he told him that


it was a wrench to leave Barcelona. TRANSLATION: The decision was


difficult to take. During the month I was thinking about all this. But


then my heart told me that I had to follow it. And I took the decision


and I am very happy to be here. There has been so much said about


this transfer this week. The world is talking about it, and also about


the amount of money involved, the huge transfer the. Lots of people


saying that perhaps you are doing this for the money, that that is


your motivation. What do you say to that?


TRANSLATION: I have nothing to say to those people. If people think


that way, it is because they do not know me, they do not know my life


and I regret that they think that way. I did not come over here for


the money. I came here for the motivation of the challenge. You are


morally comfortable with this. You are a religious man?


TRANSLATION: I could not be unhappy. How could I be? In the final day of


the test between England and South Africa there were half centuries for


Joe Root and Ben Stokes. They faced some disciplined South African


bowling. England were 216 to six at the close. You always want for


hundred at any Test match and having lost Ben Stokes at the close, if we


can get 350 we would be taking that right now. 350 plus, we'll was won


to try to get as close to 400 as possible. Maybe that last wicket


might knock a few for that. A round of 60 included an eagle. She is 11


under par at the halfway stage, two shots clear of the field. The US


open champion Stan Wawrinka will not be defending his title. He needs an


operation on his knee and that will keep him out of the rest of the


season. He said it was the only solution to make sure that he could


continue to compete at the top level. Mo Farah is underway, still


24 and a bit laps to go! The results of the National Geographic travel


photographer competition are in. 15,000 voters were entered from more


than 30 countries. It is a coveted title for photographers, which can


catapult them into international photography stardom. The grand prize


this year went to an incredible shot of a lightning strike on the


erupting volcano on Mexico's West Coast. Let's take a look at the


winners' list. Aren't they beautiful? According to


the photographer who took the winning photographer, taking a


picture like his takes a lot of patience. He has photographed the


volcano over 300,000 times over the years. A lot of patience. I have 15


years taking photos of the big volcano, and this was from 2015, in


December. If you want to have a good picture of a volcano, you have to


analyse all the time what the volcano is doing so in December, I


was 20 nights outside of my home, just trying to get a good picture,


but I didn't know that I was going to get this kind of picture. It is a


magical moment, because it has a big lightning and this lightning makes


the whole scenario bright. It is an amazing picture. And of course I am


very happy, as a Mexican, as a Latin American photographer, because it is


a strange kind of picture. It is not very common to take pictures of


lightning. That's wonderful. Stay with us, more coming up.


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