04/08/2017 World News Today


04/08/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Thousands of government supporters march in the Venezuelan capital,

:00:07.:00:16.

Caracas, as the new constitutional assembly takes office.

:00:17.:00:21.

America's Attorney General condemns what he calls the staggering level

:00:22.:00:25.

of unauthorised access to classified

:00:26.:00:26.

We will investigate and seek to bring criminals to justice.

:00:27.:00:35.

We will not allow rogue anonymous sources...

:00:36.:00:39.

with security clearances to sell out our country.

:00:40.:00:41.

Health warnings across Europe as some countries experience

:00:42.:00:45.

Neymar, the world's most expensive footballer,

:00:46.:00:55.

Hello, and welcome to BBC World News Today.

:00:56.:01:16.

Venezuela's new Constituent Assembly has been sworn in.

:01:17.:01:21.

Their role - as controversially called for by President

:01:22.:01:25.

Nicolas Maduro - is to re-write the existing constitution.

:01:26.:01:27.

The elected representatives - more than 500 of them,

:01:28.:01:29.

almost all of them allies of the President -

:01:30.:01:32.

gathered in the parliament building for the ceremony in Caracas.

:01:33.:01:41.

While, outside, confrontations between police and anti-government

:01:42.:01:43.

Opposition leaders, and leaders internationally,

:01:44.:01:47.

have condemned the Venezuelan government's plan as an attempt

:01:48.:01:51.

BBC Monitoring's Luis Fajardo is following events from Miami.

:01:52.:01:59.

He told me the swearing in of the new assembly was very symbolic.

:02:00.:02:11.

When the leaders walked into the building carrying the portrait of

:02:12.:02:17.

Hugo Chavez, the father of the Revolution, in the same building

:02:18.:02:20.

that will now hold the pro-government assembly has been the

:02:21.:02:23.

house of the National Assembly which has been controlled by the

:02:24.:02:27.

opposition and when they took over the National Assembly a couple of

:02:28.:02:30.

years ago, they made a big deal of removing this portrait of Hugo

:02:31.:02:36.

Chavez. Really set the symbolic effect of showing the pro-government

:02:37.:02:40.

faction taking over one of the last introduced zero bastions of the

:02:41.:02:43.

opposition in Venezuela right now. There seems to be some confusion

:02:44.:02:47.

about what happens next in terms of the need for a referendum. Explain

:02:48.:02:52.

this process to us. Actually that is one of the big issues that no one

:02:53.:02:58.

knows what happens next, because the Venezuelan participant assembly has

:02:59.:03:01.

such a degree of power and autonomy they could basically rule that they

:03:02.:03:04.

would not need any further endorsement by any kind of

:03:05.:03:09.

referendum. In theory they could even replace a president. One of the

:03:10.:03:12.

issues of great uncertainty is the amount of power that is going to be

:03:13.:03:16.

controlled by the constituent assembly. Of course the leaders of

:03:17.:03:20.

the assembly who have just been named are closely associated with

:03:21.:03:24.

President Nicolas Maduro, seen as close allies of this, but there are

:03:25.:03:28.

still a strong degree of uncertainty and that was one of the things the

:03:29.:03:31.

opposition was complaining about, the fact that this is an enormous

:03:32.:03:38.

amount of power that is being given to a new constituent assembly that

:03:39.:03:42.

is going to rewrite a lot of the constitutional framework in

:03:43.:03:44.

Venezuela and the opposition is afraid that they will move against

:03:45.:03:49.

the last bastions of institutional opposition in Venezuela. We can

:03:50.:03:57.

cross now to Washington to talk to the co-director of the Centre for

:03:58.:04:02.

economic and policy research and an expert on the politics and economy

:04:03.:04:05.

of Venezuela. Thank you for joining us. There has been international

:04:06.:04:10.

condemnation and direct reaction as well. We are starting to see the

:04:11.:04:14.

first signs of sanctions against Venezuela and President Maduro. Yes,

:04:15.:04:21.

I think sanctions from the US will further polarise the situation. The

:04:22.:04:31.

problem that the US has is regime change like you had in Iraq and

:04:32.:04:35.

Syria and Afghanistan and Libya and this really needs, it has led to

:04:36.:04:40.

disaster and will else and if they keep going in this direction it

:04:41.:04:44.

could push the country into civil war. It is a polarise country. What

:04:45.:04:50.

they really need is negotiations like they had in the fall of last

:04:51.:04:54.

year, and something that leads to elections, of course, as President

:04:55.:05:03.

Maduro has promised, scheduled presidential elections and that is

:05:04.:05:06.

what they need and instead the US and its allies, including Europe,

:05:07.:05:13.

and US allies in Latin America, who are on board with the regime change

:05:14.:05:19.

strategy. Those are the ones that support what the United States, the

:05:20.:05:22.

drug Administration is doing and those sanctions are already taking

:05:23.:05:27.

effect, having an enormous negative impact. The black market value of

:05:28.:05:32.

the currency crashed by 40%, the fastest I have seen it falling in 15

:05:33.:05:37.

years. Some of these sanctions on individuals will deprive the

:05:38.:05:40.

government of most of its foreign exchange. One of the officials of

:05:41.:05:49.

the order companies is, they cannot sign contracts. This is already a

:05:50.:05:56.

serious attempt to destroy the economy and overthrow the

:05:57.:06:01.

government. The Secretary of State said it. He said, we are trying to

:06:02.:06:07.

force President Maduro to design -- resign, and look at policy options

:06:08.:06:09.

that will get rid of this government. Is President Maduro good

:06:10.:06:18.

for Venezuela? How does the present Venezuela defer to the vision

:06:19.:06:24.

previously? That is why they have elections, they have a president

:06:25.:06:28.

elected for the next year, people can vote him out of office if they

:06:29.:06:31.

want to do so like they voted him in. The point that the vast majority

:06:32.:06:36.

of the 7 billion people on the planet would agree with is that a

:06:37.:06:41.

foreign government does not have the right to overthrow the elected

:06:42.:06:44.

government of another country. That is what most people believe what the

:06:45.:06:50.

Trump administration doesn't believe in that. There have been suggestions

:06:51.:06:55.

that there was widespread electoral fraud in the selection. Where there

:06:56.:06:59.

observers on the ground in Venezuela at the time of the election on

:07:00.:07:06.

Sunday? There were some observers. You know, first of all, I don't know

:07:07.:07:13.

that you can really call it fraud if they inflated the turnout. This was

:07:14.:07:17.

not a competitive election between the government and the opposition.

:07:18.:07:21.

The opposition didn't participate. If they did do that then it is

:07:22.:07:25.

terrible for their credibility. I am not sure that they did. They have

:07:26.:07:29.

posted all the numbers for the individual races and they do seem to

:07:30.:07:35.

add up to about what the government claimed. It would be very hard to

:07:36.:07:39.

fix this. So we don't really know what the totals are, but even if it

:07:40.:07:43.

did happen, that is not the same thing as stealing an election from

:07:44.:07:51.

your rival power, and that is not justify it at all. It would be

:07:52.:07:55.

terrible if those numbers were inflated, but it doesn't affect

:07:56.:07:58.

relations between the government and the opposition. I'm not defending

:07:59.:08:04.

what the governments do. I wasn't in favour of this assembly, either. The

:08:05.:08:13.

point is that we need calm voices, people are calling for dialogue and

:08:14.:08:20.

negotiation, people within the opposition do favour that but they

:08:21.:08:24.

are not in the ascendancy right now. Right now it is the hardliners, the

:08:25.:08:29.

ones who want regime change by any means, and Lopez himself, by the

:08:30.:08:34.

way, he was arrested because he called on a video for the military

:08:35.:08:41.

to rebel and to stop providing security for President Maduro

:08:42.:08:46.

himself. We're going to have to stop you there, sorry about that, thank

:08:47.:08:52.

you very much. Let's take you to Caracas. We can show you this scene

:08:53.:08:57.

live now. This is at the new assembly. Unfortunately, we haven't

:08:58.:09:01.

got those scenes, but there are reports of some protests that have

:09:02.:09:04.

been taking place by opposition supporters.

:09:05.:09:16.

Many of the leaks have been about the Trump campaign and their alleged

:09:17.:09:24.

links to Russia. The FBI chief investigator into this has stepped

:09:25.:09:25.

up his inquiry. Donald Trump is never happier

:09:26.:09:28.

than when is out of Washington. An adoring crowd in West Virginia,

:09:29.:09:42.

the problems of Russia, collusion, special counsel and grand juries

:09:43.:09:46.

are a long way from The Russia story is

:09:47.:09:48.

a total fabrication. It is just an excuse

:09:49.:09:57.

for the greatest loss in the history of American politics.

:09:58.:10:00.

That is all it is. He didn't mention the special

:10:01.:10:03.

counsel by name but had him I just hope the final determination

:10:04.:10:06.

is a truly honest one. The grand jury is made up of members

:10:07.:10:15.

of the public meeting behind closed They can force people to testify

:10:16.:10:19.

or hand over evidence. They will decide whether

:10:20.:10:25.

the material is strong enough Crucially, they don't decide

:10:26.:10:27.

if a potential defendant is innocent or guilty.

:10:28.:10:32.

That is done by a conventional jury. Of course, it may be that the grand

:10:33.:10:37.

jury meeting at this courthouse will come to the conclusion

:10:38.:10:42.

that the evidence doesn't add up to much and there's no

:10:43.:10:44.

need further action. The fact that a grand jury has been

:10:45.:10:50.

called is a sign that this and will last a good

:10:51.:10:53.

deal longer yet. The other worry for

:10:54.:11:04.

the Trump entourage scale of the enquiry

:11:05.:11:10.

will spread as well. Another is the endless

:11:11.:11:12.

damaging and revealing leaks Today, the Attorney General

:11:13.:11:14.

revealed a new crackdown. This nation must put

:11:15.:11:21.

an end to these leaks. We will not allow rogue sources

:11:22.:11:28.

to sell out our country. The president visited the emergency

:11:29.:11:38.

centre for hurricans. With this grand jury,

:11:39.:11:40.

one could soon be barrelling Let's take a look at some of

:11:41.:11:43.

the other stories making the news. The US economy has seen strong jobs

:11:44.:11:51.

growth thanks to a wave of hiring President Trump has welcomed

:11:52.:11:54.

the news, tweeting... Excellent jobs numbers

:11:55.:12:02.

just released - South Korea's spy agency has

:12:03.:12:04.

admitted it tried to manipulate the result of the 2012 presidential

:12:05.:12:09.

election to ensure Park Geun-hye did beat

:12:10.:12:12.

liberal Moon Jae-in, but she is now facing trial

:12:13.:12:18.

for corruption and abuse of power. Researchers warn that half

:12:19.:12:21.

of India's nearly 800 languages Experts says children

:12:22.:12:27.

from linguistic minorities or indigenous communities aren't

:12:28.:12:32.

educated in their mother tongue, and there's little incentive

:12:33.:12:35.

for following generations Parts of southern Europe

:12:36.:12:38.

are suffering from the hottest sustained heatwave for more

:12:39.:12:52.

than a decade. Temperatures have reached 45 degrees

:12:53.:12:54.

Celsius in some parts of Italy and the Balkans and several

:12:55.:12:57.

countries have issued Several countries have issued

:12:58.:13:03.

Vadillo health warnings and some regions are contending with drought

:13:04.:13:09.

and forest fires. Sophie Long reports. Planes putting out while

:13:10.:13:12.

files in Corsica. Last week the north of the Mediterranean island

:13:13.:13:17.

burned, and now it is the turn of the cell. The extreme heat has

:13:18.:13:22.

sparked wild fires across Europe. Swathes of the South of France are

:13:23.:13:28.

scorched. Now in Hungary, too. Here, hundreds of hectares of grasslands

:13:29.:13:32.

burnt. Firefighters battled to put out planes before -- flames before

:13:33.:13:39.

they spread to urban areas. Italy is experiencing its worst drought in 60

:13:40.:13:43.

years. Thousands of tourists travel there every year in search of

:13:44.:13:46.

sunshine but the intense heat means people are desperately searching for

:13:47.:13:51.

shade. We find some nice weather this year but it is not as hot,

:13:52.:13:56.

nowhere near, making sure that we just drink lots of water. It is

:13:57.:14:01.

fantastic having the water fountains around Rome. Across the country 26

:14:02.:14:06.

major towns and cities are on heat alert. Hospital admissions have

:14:07.:14:17.

increased by 15%. The prolonged drought has affected the agriculture

:14:18.:14:20.

industry to the tune of billions with 11 regions facing critical

:14:21.:14:23.

water shortages. All of crops are 50% lower than normal. It's a silly

:14:24.:14:29.

beaches are quieter than usual, as people follow the lead of the locals

:14:30.:14:34.

and stay indoors. Others do what they can to protect themselves and

:14:35.:14:38.

keep cool, as forecasters see no respite in the coming days.

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Still to come we talk to the National Geographic photograph --

:14:51.:14:59.

photographer of the year took this explosive shot of a volcano in

:15:00.:15:01.

Mexico. Thousands of Venezuelan government

:15:02.:16:09.

supporters have attended the swearing-in of the controversial

:16:10.:16:17.

new constituent assembly as protesters opposed

:16:18.:16:22.

to it confront police. The US Attorney General,

:16:23.:16:24.

Jeff Sessions, has announced a tougher approach towards dealing

:16:25.:16:26.

with leaks of classified government information,

:16:27.:16:28.

saying he won't hesitate A British computer expert who

:16:29.:16:44.

stopped the worldwide cyber attack has been arrested by the FBI. Marcus

:16:45.:16:49.

Hutchins is accused of creating software to steal bank details. The

:16:50.:16:55.

charge is not related to the piece of malware he disarmed in May after

:16:56.:17:00.

it affected tens of thousands of computers in 150 countries. Marcus

:17:01.:17:07.

Hutchins was arrested in Las Vegas after spending a week partying in

:17:08.:17:12.

the desert city. He had been attending a cyber security

:17:13.:17:15.

conference. He was detained minutes before he was due to board a flight

:17:16.:17:18.

home at Las Vegas International Airport. In the cyber security

:17:19.:17:23.

industry he is regarded as something of a folk hero for his role in

:17:24.:17:31.

stopping the so-called Wannacry virus which hit the NHS in May

:17:32.:17:36.

before spreading to 150 countries. But he is accused in an indictment

:17:37.:17:39.

laid down in the US state of Wisconsin of creating software which

:17:40.:17:45.

was designed, the prosecutors say, to harvest online banking details

:17:46.:17:53.

and credit card data. The software is called Chronos and was used in a

:17:54.:17:57.

number of countries including France, the UK, the US and Canada.

:17:58.:18:02.

He is due to appear in court in Las Vegas. He has some support within

:18:03.:18:07.

the cyber Security industry and from his mother Janet Hutchins, who said

:18:08.:18:10.

he spent an enormous amount of his time trying to combat these kind of

:18:11.:18:17.

problems, to improve security on the web, and she says the charges

:18:18.:18:23.

against him are outrageous. Time for the sport with Will Bury. Starting

:18:24.:18:27.

with the latest from the World Athletics Championships in London.

:18:28.:18:30.

Usain Bolt making his final appearance on the global stage back

:18:31.:18:33.

at the stadium where he won those gold medals five years ago at London

:18:34.:18:40.

2012. He has been in action in the 100 metres eats ahead of the

:18:41.:18:43.

semifinal tomorrow. He won his heat with a time of 10.0 seconds, but

:18:44.:18:48.

described his performance as a very bad, and he is unhappy with the

:18:49.:18:54.

starting blocks. Not at his best, but you Usain Bolt, importantly,

:18:55.:18:57.

into the semifinals of the World Athletics Championships. Mo Farah

:18:58.:19:03.

has fond memories of the stadium, he won gold in the 5000 metres and

:19:04.:19:07.

10,000 metres four years ago, and is about a run in the next couple of

:19:08.:19:13.

minutes in the 10,000 metres final. 25 laps, it starts at 9:20pm UK

:19:14.:19:18.

time. Also tonight a big upset in the long jump. The Olympic champion

:19:19.:19:24.

Jeff Henderson of the US able not be coming back to the final. He could

:19:25.:19:29.

only manage a jump of 7.74 metres. That was in his final jump. Not

:19:30.:19:35.

enough to make the cut tomorrow. He's not a happy man. There has been

:19:36.:19:41.

abuzz in Paris because of that man, the world record signing, Neymar,

:19:42.:19:47.

for PSG, paraded in the city, and hundreds queueing at the club shop

:19:48.:19:51.

to buy shirts with his name on the back. He gave his only British media

:19:52.:19:55.

interview to our correspondent Richard Conway, and he told him that

:19:56.:20:01.

it was a wrench to leave Barcelona. TRANSLATION: The decision was

:20:02.:20:04.

difficult to take. During the month I was thinking about all this. But

:20:05.:20:10.

then my heart told me that I had to follow it. And I took the decision

:20:11.:20:16.

and I am very happy to be here. There has been so much said about

:20:17.:20:21.

this transfer this week. The world is talking about it, and also about

:20:22.:20:24.

the amount of money involved, the huge transfer the. Lots of people

:20:25.:20:30.

saying that perhaps you are doing this for the money, that that is

:20:31.:20:34.

your motivation. What do you say to that?

:20:35.:20:38.

TRANSLATION: I have nothing to say to those people. If people think

:20:39.:20:46.

that way, it is because they do not know me, they do not know my life

:20:47.:20:49.

and I regret that they think that way. I did not come over here for

:20:50.:20:54.

the money. I came here for the motivation of the challenge. You are

:20:55.:21:02.

morally comfortable with this. You are a religious man?

:21:03.:21:10.

TRANSLATION: I could not be unhappy. How could I be? In the final day of

:21:11.:21:16.

the test between England and South Africa there were half centuries for

:21:17.:21:23.

Joe Root and Ben Stokes. They faced some disciplined South African

:21:24.:21:31.

bowling. England were 216 to six at the close. You always want for

:21:32.:21:37.

hundred at any Test match and having lost Ben Stokes at the close, if we

:21:38.:21:42.

can get 350 we would be taking that right now. 350 plus, we'll was won

:21:43.:21:47.

to try to get as close to 400 as possible. Maybe that last wicket

:21:48.:21:56.

might knock a few for that. A round of 60 included an eagle. She is 11

:21:57.:22:02.

under par at the halfway stage, two shots clear of the field. The US

:22:03.:22:08.

open champion Stan Wawrinka will not be defending his title. He needs an

:22:09.:22:11.

operation on his knee and that will keep him out of the rest of the

:22:12.:22:15.

season. He said it was the only solution to make sure that he could

:22:16.:22:18.

continue to compete at the top level. Mo Farah is underway, still

:22:19.:22:30.

24 and a bit laps to go! The results of the National Geographic travel

:22:31.:22:35.

photographer competition are in. 15,000 voters were entered from more

:22:36.:22:41.

than 30 countries. It is a coveted title for photographers, which can

:22:42.:22:43.

catapult them into international photography stardom. The grand prize

:22:44.:22:48.

this year went to an incredible shot of a lightning strike on the

:22:49.:22:56.

erupting volcano on Mexico's West Coast. Let's take a look at the

:22:57.:22:57.

winners' list. Aren't they beautiful? According to

:22:58.:24:38.

the photographer who took the winning photographer, taking a

:24:39.:24:45.

picture like his takes a lot of patience. He has photographed the

:24:46.:24:51.

volcano over 300,000 times over the years. A lot of patience. I have 15

:24:52.:24:55.

years taking photos of the big volcano, and this was from 2015, in

:24:56.:25:08.

December. If you want to have a good picture of a volcano, you have to

:25:09.:25:11.

analyse all the time what the volcano is doing so in December, I

:25:12.:25:20.

was 20 nights outside of my home, just trying to get a good picture,

:25:21.:25:24.

but I didn't know that I was going to get this kind of picture. It is a

:25:25.:25:32.

magical moment, because it has a big lightning and this lightning makes

:25:33.:25:42.

the whole scenario bright. It is an amazing picture. And of course I am

:25:43.:25:47.

very happy, as a Mexican, as a Latin American photographer, because it is

:25:48.:25:56.

a strange kind of picture. It is not very common to take pictures of

:25:57.:26:02.

lightning. That's wonderful. Stay with us, more coming up.

:26:03.:26:05.