16/08/2017 World News Today


16/08/2017

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President to president - the critical reaction

:00:00.:00:12.

to Donald Trump's latest comments on white supremacists now includes

:00:13.:00:15.

an outright condemnation of bigotry from America's last two

:00:16.:00:17.

Grief and anger in Freetown as authorities are blamed

:00:18.:00:24.

for hampering rescue efforts - at least 600 people are still

:00:25.:00:26.

missing after Monday's devastating mudslide.

:00:27.:00:28.

Heavy rains across South East Asia have also caused severe

:00:29.:00:30.

flooding in Bangladesh, India and Nepal -

:00:31.:00:32.

with more than 250 dead, and millions of people displaced.

:00:33.:00:44.

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:00:45.:00:51.

Donald Trump's determination to blame both sides for the deadly

:00:52.:00:58.

violence in Charlottesville, Virginia, has brought condemnation

:00:59.:01:00.

today from some very senior figures on the American right.

:01:01.:01:03.

In an angry news conference, the president appeared to defend

:01:04.:01:05.

the organisers of the white supremacist rally, saying that

:01:06.:01:07.

anti-racist protesters were "very violent" too.

:01:08.:01:17.

Republican presidents - George Bush senior and junior -

:01:18.:01:22.

put out an unprecedented joint statement saying: "America must

:01:23.:01:24.

always reject racial bigotry, anti-Semitism,

:01:25.:01:25.

Here's our North America Editor Jon Sopel.

:01:26.:01:28.

The memorial service for an antiracism

:01:29.:01:43.

white supremacists in Charlottesville on Saturday, but far

:01:44.:01:46.

from this being an occasion when a nation comes together,

:01:47.:01:48.

America seems more between divided than ever.

:01:49.:01:50.

They try to kill my child to shut her up.

:01:51.:01:52.

This was Charlottesville on Friday night, racist groups chanting

:01:53.:02:11.

Jews will not replace us, carrying Ku Klux Klan-style

:02:12.:02:17.

torches and marching to the slogan white lives

:02:18.:02:19.

Yesterday, the President blamed both sides for the violence

:02:20.:02:22.

You had a group on one side and you had a group on the

:02:23.:02:27.

other and they came at each other with clubs and it was vicious and it

:02:28.:02:30.

was horrible and it was a horrible thing to watch.

:02:31.:02:33.

There was a group on their side, you can call them the left,

:02:34.:02:37.

you have just called them the left, that came

:02:38.:02:39.

violently attacking the

:02:40.:02:40.

other group, so you can say what you want,

:02:41.:02:42.

It is true there was violence

:02:43.:02:45.

But the race hate protesters had come ready for trouble.

:02:46.:02:59.

the Army, but a right-wing militia that turned up whistling with

:03:00.:03:04.

Most had clubs, helmets and shields with white supremacists

:03:05.:03:07.

The antiracism demonstrators were not organisers,

:03:08.:03:09.

they were mostly local people on whom a small group had come

:03:10.:03:12.

But Donald Trump seeming to draw a moral equivalence between

:03:13.:03:16.

swastika carrying Neo Nazis and antiracism protesters has brought

:03:17.:03:18.

The senior Republican Paul Ryan tweeting...

:03:19.:03:34.

The only significant voice of support last night came from the

:03:35.:03:36.

former leader of the Ku Klux Klan David Duke, who said...

:03:37.:03:50.

There is reported to be deep unhappiness among some senior White

:03:51.:03:52.

House staff over the President's comments.

:03:53.:03:58.

He had not been due to say anything and, significantly, a new

:03:59.:04:02.

intervention, this time from two former Republican living presidents

:04:03.:04:04.

George HW Bush and George W Bush, saying there is no room for bigotry

:04:05.:04:07.

and anti-Semitism in today's America.

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There has also been significant reaction from the American business

:04:24.:04:26.

community. Let's go to our correspondent

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Gary O'Donoghue in Washington. What has been happening to the

:04:28.:04:35.

President's business advisers today? We ignore the manufacturing Council

:04:36.:04:41.

started losing members, one resigned after Saturday and Donald Trump's

:04:42.:04:47.

words via, the chief executive of the pharmaceutical company, a string

:04:48.:04:51.

of others then resigned and a separate advisory body called the

:04:52.:04:57.

Strategic Policy Forum started to resign and now Donald Trump has

:04:58.:05:03.

disbanded both. Does it matter, advisers? Donald Trump came to power

:05:04.:05:09.

saying he will bring back manufacturing to the USA and here

:05:10.:05:13.

was the great and the good of the manufacturing sector lining up to

:05:14.:05:20.

help deliver that and now he has had to get rid of them. So it matters

:05:21.:05:26.

not only in how it looks but will also help in how he can deliver on

:05:27.:05:28.

his promises from the campaign. At least 600 hundred people

:05:29.:05:32.

are still believed to be missing in Sierra Leone -

:05:33.:05:35.

after the devastating mudslides that More than 100 children are among

:05:36.:05:37.

the 400 confirmed dead so far. Martin Patience is in Freetown

:05:38.:05:44.

and sent this report. In Freetown the ambulances are

:05:45.:05:49.

rushing not at the hospital but to They are ferrying the dead,

:05:50.:05:52.

victims buried alive by a The relatives wait outside

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to collect their bodies. Daniel wasn't home

:05:56.:06:00.

when disaster struck. But he tells me six members

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of his family are dead, The grief and anger

:06:19.:06:21.

is tangible here. This is a nation in mourning

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the loss of hundreds. And rescue workers say

:06:33.:06:38.

that authorities are This gaping scar was once

:06:39.:06:40.

a neighbourhood, but now the scene Diggers have been drafted in

:06:41.:06:48.

but there are no sniffer dogs, not The fear is disease could

:06:49.:06:57.

spread unless hundreds A trickle of aid is getting

:06:58.:07:03.

through but many like Adama Dr Nathaniel Williams works for one

:07:04.:07:11.

of the main hospitals in Freetown and treated the injured

:07:12.:07:25.

after the mudslide. Nothing prepares you for this. We

:07:26.:07:41.

were not prepared for it. With so many countless lives lost, but some

:07:42.:07:48.

people who were not told they lost their son, there are some people who

:07:49.:07:52.

are only finding out days after the incident. Also there are a few that

:07:53.:08:00.

have lost several members of the family. So the case I mentioned

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earlier about the man who lost three relatives and also the lady who had

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to be called later on. We had to do resuscitation for them, some were in

:08:15.:08:20.

shock, some were due to blood loss, some had injuries from minor

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injuries to very serious ones and fractures, which we attended to,

:08:29.:08:35.

mostly. But now we are not seeing survivors, sadly.

:08:36.:08:37.

Days of relentless monsoon rains across Bangladesh,

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Nepal and India have killed over 250 people.

:08:42.:08:43.

This satellite image from The United Nations Institute

:08:44.:08:45.

for Training and Research shows flood-affected regions

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The red areas show that nearly 40% of central

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17 million people are believed to be affected by the flooding.

:08:51.:08:58.

Meanwhile, in the northern Indian state of Bihar alone,

:08:59.:09:01.

floods have killed 56 people since Sunday and affected

:09:02.:09:03.

Back in neighbouring Bangladesh, at least 39 people have been killed.

:09:04.:09:10.

And in Nepal, at least 115 people have been killed,

:09:11.:09:12.

with severe flooding affecting around 20 percent of

:09:13.:09:14.

A third of Bangladesh is now underwater after

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Rivers flowing in from neighbouring India are swollen,

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adding to the woes of this low-lying nation.

:09:37.:09:38.

The floods have affected hundreds of thousands of people.

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Those affected are doing their best to salvage whatever is left

:09:41.:09:44.

Bangladesh army troops have been deployed across the flooded areas

:09:45.:09:47.

Many people have moved into one of more than 1000 temporary relief

:09:48.:09:51.

shelters that have hastily been built for those

:09:52.:09:53.

In some parts of the country train services have been suspended

:09:54.:10:00.

after the floods washed away railway tracks.

:10:01.:10:01.

In Nepal, much of the heavily populated southern lowlands have

:10:02.:10:04.

This is the situation in one district in the south-east

:10:05.:10:17.

Residents say they have lost everything.

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The Government have been slow to react.

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Translation: Cattle were mostly affected.

:10:31.:10:33.

But our Government is not paying attention.

:10:34.:10:39.

If Government doesn't do anything who else will?

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The focus is now on getting relief to those in need.

:10:45.:10:47.

The Nepalese Army soldiers are doing their best to come

:10:48.:10:49.

to the aid of victims, but already aid agencies warn that

:10:50.:10:54.

Nepal could face a humanitarian crisis if food and water does not

:10:55.:10:56.

Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.

:10:57.:11:09.

A leading Iranian opposition figure has begun a hunger strike in protest

:11:10.:11:12.

at being under house arrest for six years.

:11:13.:11:18.

80-old-Mehdi Karroubi ran for the presidential election

:11:19.:11:20.

He was detained for his part in mass protests over the disputed result.

:11:21.:11:27.

The defeated candidate in last week's presidential election

:11:28.:11:29.

in Kenya, Raila Odinga, has announced he intends

:11:30.:11:33.

to challenge the result in the Supreme Court.

:11:34.:11:35.

Mr Odinga said his opposition coalition had collected concrete

:11:36.:11:37.

evidence of what he described as 'massive irregularities'

:11:38.:11:39.

The re-election of Uhuru Kenyatta was described as free and fair

:11:40.:11:42.

The Philippine president, Rodrigo Duterte, has said he can

:11:43.:11:52.

solve the country's drug trafficking problem by killing

:11:53.:11:54.

His announcement follows raids by police in Manila on Tuesday

:11:55.:12:00.

which saw 32 people die - something he described

:12:01.:12:02.

Thousands of people have so far been killed since President Duterte

:12:03.:12:08.

One of the most challenging issues in Britain's

:12:09.:12:18.

departure from the EU - Brexit - is how to manage the border

:12:19.:12:21.

between the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland,

:12:22.:12:22.

The British government has now published proposals on what should

:12:23.:12:29.

It says, it doesn't want any physical infrastructure,

:12:30.:12:32.

like customs posts, or the "hard borders of the past".

:12:33.:12:35.

It's an issue which has profound implications for the economy

:12:36.:12:38.

and politics in Northern Ireland - given the violent

:12:39.:12:42.

Chris Buckler reports from Narrow Water on the Irish border.

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For more than 300 miles, crossing fields and bridges,

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roads and rivers, there is a political dividing line

:12:56.:12:58.

But it is a border that cannot be seen, and many want

:12:59.:13:04.

Soft toys and cushions are the latest protest

:13:05.:13:11.

Where some kind of barriers could divide towns like Belcoo and

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Blacklion in the Republic, they are either side of this bridge

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and people in areas like this have jobs,

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businesses and friends that require them to cross this border regularly.

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I trust this board are up to 20 times every day, sometimes moving

:13:35.:13:41.

goods or sometimes managing staff on whatever is required and my daily

:13:42.:13:47.

work. If there were any checks that slowed that that would create lots

:13:48.:13:49.

of logistical difficulties. The Government wants no return

:13:50.:13:55.

to the days when border huts and customs posts marked

:13:56.:13:58.

where the Norwich Island This paper seems to dismiss the idea

:13:59.:13:59.

of a return to infrastructure or And ministers say they are

:14:00.:14:03.

determined to protect Allowing the free

:14:04.:14:11.

movement of people across Ideas and aspirations

:14:12.:14:13.

that will be welcomed beyond these islands

:14:14.:14:16.

and Brussels, but ones which raise political

:14:17.:14:18.

and practical difficulties,

:14:19.:14:20.

with claims that it could allow a back door

:14:21.:14:22.

for We do want to ensure

:14:23.:14:23.

that we don't see a return to the borders of the past,

:14:24.:14:30.

we don't see a return to a hard border and that are able to ensure

:14:31.:14:33.

that the crucial flow of goods and people between Northern Ireland and

:14:34.:14:37.

the Republic of Ireland is able to Some have raised doubts

:14:38.:14:40.

about the UK's ability to forge trade deals

:14:41.:14:43.

with other countries if it agrees to meet

:14:44.:14:44.

the EU's standards for

:14:45.:14:46.

food and agriculture. And if a customs deal cannot

:14:47.:14:55.

be agreed with the EU, there are questions

:14:56.:14:57.

about what will happen to the billions of pounds

:14:58.:14:59.

of trade carried along

:15:00.:15:00.

these busy border roads. The British Government believes

:15:01.:15:02.

technology and online declarations could be used

:15:03.:15:05.

to monitor goods carried But there are concerns about

:15:06.:15:07.

smuggling and the Irish Government I don't believe the island

:15:08.:15:12.

of Ireland issue's will be resolved through technology

:15:13.:15:19.

and I believe this paper but we also accept that, which is a step

:15:20.:15:22.

forward and I welcome that. It does leave you wondering

:15:23.:15:26.

what the board it is going to look like and if you are

:15:27.:15:28.

outside of the customs union how you We are no clearer as to knowing

:15:29.:15:32.

what that is going to be, That is because a negotiation now

:15:33.:15:38.

needs to take place. And there is a will to find

:15:39.:15:41.

solutions in this negotiation because tied up with the politics

:15:42.:15:44.

and practicalities are concerns about the attention impact of peace

:15:45.:15:49.

and prosperity at this, what is We can cross to Westminster now

:15:50.:15:52.

and talk to our political I want to talk about the bigger

:15:53.:16:10.

picture because the triple triggered the formal announcement about

:16:11.:16:14.

leaving the EU in March. What progress has been made? More

:16:15.:16:19.

than one year since the letter ends and there has been some criticism

:16:20.:16:23.

the UK Government has been slow to get on with it. Now the talks are

:16:24.:16:29.

underway, formal negotiations are happening, and other violent at the

:16:30.:16:32.

end of August and what we're seeing from the UK Government is what it

:16:33.:16:38.

thinks might happen on some of the key issues after Brexit. So we had a

:16:39.:16:45.

paper on customs policy and now this one on the Irish border. All of this

:16:46.:16:50.

is still subject to negotiation with the EU who set out their own

:16:51.:16:55.

position on various elements and we are led to believe there is some

:16:56.:16:59.

agreement on some issues but still a long way to go on the big picture

:17:00.:17:05.

stuff. The UK is meant to lead the EU by March 2019, so the clock is

:17:06.:17:13.

ticking. Now we are hearing that is likely to be a period of transition

:17:14.:17:16.

after the official date that could last up to three years while all the

:17:17.:17:23.

new arrangements have time to bed end and that is to give the issue

:17:24.:17:29.

since two businesses in the UK and on the continent.

:17:30.:17:33.

Broadly speaking, still a long way to go. Is it fair to say it is not

:17:34.:17:38.

clear what Brexit should mean both for the Government and also the main

:17:39.:17:42.

opposition, Labour Party? And there are different factions

:17:43.:17:45.

within the party about what they would like to see from Brexit. The

:17:46.:17:50.

Conservative Party have always been deeply split on the issue of the EU,

:17:51.:17:55.

it has played the party for a long time and many in that party put the

:17:56.:18:00.

referendum would settle the issue but still some think the UK should

:18:01.:18:05.

take a hard approach and leave the customs union and single market as

:18:06.:18:10.

quickly as possible. Now we are hearing from Government ministers

:18:11.:18:13.

are there could be this slightly longer phased approach before we

:18:14.:18:17.

reached that point. And the Labour Party also has different views about

:18:18.:18:22.

whether or not the UK should stay in or out some of the key EU

:18:23.:18:26.

institutions such as the single market. There is no consensus. That

:18:27.:18:31.

is to some degree making negotiations harder because the EU

:18:32.:18:37.

seeks clarity from the UK Government and it is through this position

:18:38.:18:40.

papers we are seeing today, with the Government setting out its

:18:41.:18:43.

negotiation position, it hopes to provide that clarity sought

:18:44.:18:47.

negotiations can progress, but there is still lots questions about how

:18:48.:18:50.

these ideas can work in practice. Thank you. There is a lot more on

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this issue on the BBC website as well.

:18:58.:18:59.

We may have a solution to the mystery of the Frankenstein

:19:00.:19:02.

dinosaur - the skeleton found in South America -

:19:03.:19:04.

and mysterious because the bones appeared to come from many different

:19:05.:19:07.

Our science correspondent Pallab Ghosh reports:

:19:08.:19:11.

In the mountains of Chile, researchers discover a dinosaur,

:19:12.:19:13.

the like of which has never been seen before.

:19:14.:19:19.

Back in their lab in Buenos Aires, they carefully cut through

:19:20.:19:22.

the sandstone to find a bizarre skeleton.

:19:23.:19:26.

They named their dinosaur Chilesaurus.

:19:27.:19:30.

This animal had a real mix of features from different dinosaurs.

:19:31.:19:33.

It hip bones were like those of plant eaters such

:19:34.:19:35.

And its arms and body were like meat eaters such

:19:36.:19:47.

And so Chilesaurus became known as the Frankenstein dinosaur.

:19:48.:19:51.

But now a British researcher thinks he has solved the mystery.

:19:52.:19:55.

Chilesaurus has been revealed to be the missing link

:19:56.:19:57.

between one group of dinosaur, like the Stegosaurus

:19:58.:20:02.

and Triceratops, and another group which contains dinosaurs

:20:03.:20:07.

It really is the missing piece of the puzzle.

:20:08.:20:14.

Tyrannosaurus Rex and stegosaurus were thought to be in different

:20:15.:20:16.

branches of the dinosaur family tree.

:20:17.:20:18.

But researchers have shown that they are both

:20:19.:20:22.

The Frankenstein dinosaur now fits in perfectly as an earlier animal

:20:23.:20:28.

that came before them, which is why its skeleton

:20:29.:20:31.

This reassessment is important, because it will radically change

:20:32.:20:38.

the theory of how dinosaurs evolved and split into different groups.

:20:39.:20:42.

Chilesaurus is there at the beginning of one

:20:43.:20:44.

And hopefully, by understanding more about its biology,

:20:45.:20:47.

we will understand what the driving features of those big

:20:48.:20:50.

The skeleton was once a puzzle, but now it might be the key

:20:51.:20:56.

After months of speculation, Daniel Craig has confirmed

:20:57.:21:09.

that he will play James Bond again - but just one more time.

:21:10.:21:12.

So why the change of heart - here's the BBC's Chi Chi Izundu.

:21:13.:21:20.

Months of speculation, will Daniel Craig comeback

:21:21.:21:21.

Daniel is the seventh actor to take on Bond and is commercially the most

:21:22.:21:37.

successful of the franchise with Skyfall being the first

:21:38.:21:39.

to break the $1 billion mark at the box office,

:21:40.:21:41.

it was only a matter of time before he was back home at MI6,

:21:42.:21:45.

regardless of how many times it's been destroyed in the films.

:21:46.:21:50.

Despite the cars, the Martinis on tap and of course the women,

:21:51.:21:57.

let's not forget that after the release of Spectre, Daniel

:21:58.:21:59.

said he would rather slit his wrists than play the fictional

:22:00.:22:02.

And if you believe what you read in the press,

:22:03.:22:05.

And while Daniel was mulling over that offer other names

:22:06.:22:09.

But for the fans, Daniel is The Man with the Golden Gun.

:22:10.:22:17.

After all of this talk we finally have an answer

:22:18.:22:25.

Daniel Craig has reinvented bond and his films are among the most

:22:26.:22:29.

successful and critically acclaimed, so I think we are really glad we got

:22:30.:22:34.

the answer we are looking forward to Bond 25.

:22:35.:22:36.

He will be 51 by the time Bond 25 hits the cinemas in 2019

:22:37.:22:40.

and the stunts from Spectre left him needing knee surgery.

:22:41.:22:42.

So it's understandable that he says this time is the last time.

:22:43.:22:45.

Tens of thousands of Elvis fans - have been at a candelit

:22:46.:22:54.

vigil at his home - Graceland in Tennessee, to mark

:22:55.:22:58.

His daughter Lisa Marie, and his former wife Priscilla

:22:59.:23:04.

thanked the crowd for their decades of dedication to his memory.

:23:05.:23:07.

They have come to honour his swagger, stale and voice that made

:23:08.:23:20.

them of the most injury artists of the 20th century. This is the moment

:23:21.:23:27.

fans have been waiting for. Lisa Marie Presley 's stand at the gates

:23:28.:23:32.

of the great plan to welcome them in, some light candles as they make

:23:33.:23:39.

the pilgrimage up the hill to pay tribute at Elvis Presley's grave.

:23:40.:23:44.

She was one of the coolest man in the world, he lost all the people,

:23:45.:23:49.

no matter where they come from, no matter what your skin colour that

:23:50.:23:54.

catalogues all the people. Can you remember the first record

:23:55.:24:00.

you heard? My mother had his music playing in

:24:01.:24:04.

his womb so I all it took my mother I am an Elvis fan.

:24:05.:24:10.

What is so impressive about Elvis? I like his snarl. Can you do it?

:24:11.:24:15.

That's pretty good. At just.

:24:16.:24:18.

At just 21, Elvis changed the face and sound of rock and roll forever.

:24:19.:24:21.

Record labels said they were looking for a "white man

:24:22.:24:23.

Some saw his music as dangerous, as crossing racial boundaries.

:24:24.:24:35.

Before we discovered rhythm and blues and turn it into rock and roll

:24:36.:24:43.

your music was your parents' music. Here we have our own music and it

:24:44.:24:49.

was dangerous music. Maybe religion or politics didn't bridge these gaps

:24:50.:24:53.

but the music did. An Elvis was right on that edge.

:24:54.:24:55.

His death broke the heart of thousands.

:24:56.:25:05.

40 years on, a visit to Greece plan is a pilgrimage for many people and

:25:06.:25:13.

saw Elvis does live on. His influence in modern music and in his

:25:14.:25:19.

fans, who believe his influence will never die.

:25:20.:25:25.

Our top story, more criticism of Donald Trump's comments on white

:25:26.:25:31.

supremacists. America's last two Republican presidents have issued a

:25:32.:25:37.

joint condemnation of bigotry, anti-Semitism and hated whatever it

:25:38.:25:43.

is found in the USA. There is lots more on the BBC website, including a

:25:44.:25:47.

piece that has just gone up call Charlottesville, What Made Donald

:25:48.:25:56.

Trump's Remark So Offensive? And that includes eyewitness reports

:25:57.:26:01.

from the BBC journalist who was there at the weekend. Thanks for

:26:02.:26:02.

joining us.

:26:03.:26:08.

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