15/08/2017 World News Today


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Sierra Leone appeals for urgent help after Monday's


mudslides and flooding, as the number of those


This is a disaster. According to the head of this mortuary, it is


absolutely saturated. India - the world's most


populous democracy - I'm Reeta Chakrabarti,


live in Amritsar with a series of special reports from here


and around the region. Looking at the country's potential


and the problems holding it back. The UK Government sets out its plans


for trade with the EU and the rest Sailing to the North Pole


has never been done. How the British explorer Pen Haddow


hopes to change that. Sierra Leone's president has called


for urgent support saying the country is overwhelmed


by the devastation of At least 400 people are now thought


to have lost their lives on the outskirts of


the capital Freetown. Experts warn they're now


at risk of diseases spread Bodies have also been piling


up outside mortuaries. Umaru Fofana sent this


report from the city. On the day after, emergency services


are still overstretched. Inside the central mortuary


of the main Connaught Hospital They are lying on the floor in the


open because there is no more space. Nearly 100 bodies were brought


in on Tuesday morning, bringing the total number to nearly


400, some of them limbless. The head of the mortuary says


they are completely overstretched and that is not all -


as they were trying to sort corpses out, more corpses are being brought


in from different parts of the city. Even the rescue effort


here is challenged. People are believed to still be


alive underneath this spot. Even if they are, it'll be a miracle


to find them breathing. Government and development partners


have now set up a response centre, registering those left behind


by the disaster. But the testimonies from people


who have been badly hit by this TRANSLATION: I first saw the body


of my sister and called on people to help me


and we laid her on the floor. Then I started hearing other


people nearby crying. Monday's mudslide and flash floods


have shaken this country. Even for a country that has


known a bloody civil war and a destabilising Ebola outbreak,


this is unbearable. Let's get the latest now


from Unicef's Sierra Leone The chief coroner of Sierra Leone


has set in the last hour that he fears there will be more than 500


bodies. Yes, we have seen the figures going up in the last few


days since Monday morning floods and slides. It is our concern that the


figures would rise and that is what we are seeing. ... The viewpoint of


the coroner, as you saw there laying the bodies outside the more she read


in Freetown. It is a loss of dead and has left the country in deep


mourning. You must be hearing a lot of all. Read from those who have


survived. It struck me how fast this happen, there was no time to run?


I think we are losing that line... There was a lot of rainfall, but


that is not unusual for August. Flash floods in many areas and


particularly... I think we will have to leave it


there, the line is difficult. We appreciate your time.


At least 12 people are reported to have been killed by a falling


tree during a religious festival on the Portuguese island of Madeira.


More than 50 others were injured when the 200-year-old oak tree came


down, without warning, at the gathering near Funchal.


This is how one of the worshippers described events at the celebration.


We heard a noise, I looked up, I had my son by my side. I saw the tree


falling so I called my son and ran away. I heard a Big Bang. In a lot


of people in a panic. There were a lot of people down there.


India's Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, has led his nation


in marking the 70th anniversary of the country's


The division of colonial India into two states -


India and Pakistan - in 1947 was followed by sectarian


violence between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.


The partition led to the movement of around 12 million people in one


Reeta Chakrabarti is at the Golden Temple in Amritsar for us.


This is the most famous landmark in Amritsar. The Golden Temple is the


holiest site for followers of the Sikh religion. This stands in the


state of Punjab, very badly affected by the horrors of partition 70 years


ago. On this anniversary, India has a lot to reflect on in its past and


present. Modern-day India has a huge, young population and a


burgeoning economy. But it has recently seen a rise in religious


violence, directed particularly at Muslims. As South Asia correspondent


reports. This is a day of


celebration for India. The day it was released


at last from colonial rule. The Indian Prime Minister,


Narendra Modi, talked of the country's successes -


its growing economy, its efforts to tackle corruption


and his vision for a secure, developed nation with equal


opportunities for all. He made a point of speaking out


against hate crimes. In the name of religion, some people


commit crimes. This is the land of Gandhi and border. Violent in the


name of faith will not be tolerated. He was talking about people who


commit religious violence. That statement is directed


at men like this. Modi is a Hindu Nationalist


and tensions have been growing between the country's Hindu majority


and its large Muslim minority. At the centre of the controversy


is the slaughter of cows for meat. But the cow is a sacred


animal in Hinduism, TRANSLATION: If I find someone


killing my mother cow, I don't need the police


or the authorities. He's so passionate about protecting


the cow, he and his supporters They've been told they've got no


permission to stop vehicles, Stopping these lorries to see


if they're carrying any cows. TRANSLATION: I have information


that they are smuggling cows Cow vigilantes have been


increasingly active across the country since Modi took


power and there have been murders. Avoiding communal conflict


is crucial for India. This new bridge is just


one of scores of major The country's doing well -


the fastest growing large There is a lot for India to


celebrate today. But the Prime Minister knows keeping this country


growing depends on keeping religious conflict in check.


Amritsar is right on the border with Pakistan and as India celebrate its


70 years, it is starting to address publicly it brutal and bloody


beginning when the country was cut into. It was a difficult start for


India and for its past -- first by Minister, named.


One of a tiny number of transport links between neighbours.


This train operates just twice a week, taking Indians over


the border and bringing Pakistanis here to the outskirts of Amritsar.


But it's a journey very few make, because of decades of mistrust


between the two countries, which started with the


Amritsar is becoming a centre of remembrance.


This week, India is launching the first ever Partition museum


here, recording the acts of violence and bravery of that time.


People actually haven't spoken much about Partition in the past,


The reason being that I think that generation


when they came across, A, they were traumatised, and B,


because they were so busy setting up their own lives,


As the newly independent state of India was born,


its first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, was full


At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India


His vision was of a democratic, secular state in which poverty and


She lived through the horrors and only narrowly escaped


with her life, hidden with a fruit truck and disguised in a burkha.


Now 87, she's been recording her memories for her grandson Rishi


and reflecting on modern India and Nehru's India.


TRANSLATION: All the dreams that he showed us, they've


We thought that after independence, all sorts of things would happen.


We are still better off but there are many poor people.


There is still so much poverty in India.


There has been major economic growth in India by Nehru's vision of a more


One thing endures, the political mistrust between India and Pakistan,


a hostility that some born many years after Partition


We are the same people. We probably eat similar food.


We might just worship different gods but that doesn't


But he's never been to Pakistan, which is less than 20 miles away.


The border between the two countries is real and psychological.


Partition is both history and ever present.


There is that tension you referred to, between looking back at mass


tragedy but also celebrating Indian identity? Yes, very much so. Looking


back at past tragedy, you can still see as its repercussions today. In


the fact that the two macro people from the countries can't go to each


other's countries. There are very few crossings between India and


Pakistan and very few people ever make those crossings. We will


broadcasting in the city of Lahore in Pakistan, only a few miles away


from Amritsar. When we made the land crossing there was hardly anybody


making that crossing with us. That is a legacy that end and there is no


apparent end in sight for that. People, when you talk to them, say


they feel nothing but friendly feelings towards the other side but


with the governments, there is an undercurrent of hostility all the


time. In terms of the positive side, there is a great deal of optimism in


this country. The economy is growing fast, globalisation is giving


Indians huge opportunities and Indians are looking at all sorts of


new markets. People are coming to India for trade. Theresa May was


here, the British crime Minister, looking for trade deals post Brexit.


India feels like a place for opportunity that there is a tension


between some of those strains from history, from partition and it


start, and also some developments within the political scene today, as


Justin was talking about. Fears that there may be a rise in religious


tension which some people feel that you can trace back to the hostility


that began with partition. Good to talk to you from Pakistan and from


India over the last two macro days. Thank you.


And for more information on the partition you can


The astonishing story, of four friends who were separated


by the traumatic events - and reunited 30 years later.


The US President Donald Trump has described the American chief


executives who've resigned from his manufacturing


His tweet claims that for every person who drops out,


Three CEOs confirmed their resignations on Monday,


apparently in protest at Mr Trump's initial failure to condemn white


supremacist violence in Charlottesville Virginia.


A fourth, Scott Paul, from the Alliance of


American Manufacturing, resigned on Tuesday.


Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.


US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, says


to talks, after North Korea postponed a threat to fire missiles


But he added that it would be up to Kim Jong-Un as to when such


The US has always insisted that Pyongyang must first give


The BBC World Service has called on the Iranian authorities to scrap


a new order that appears to freeze the assets of its staff in Iran.


The BBC Persian service is banned in Iran and working


for the BBC is illegal, but the World Service


has an audience there of about 13 million.


Grace Mugabe, the wife of Robert Mugabe, has reportedly returned home


from South Africa despite being ordered to answer charges of


assault. Authorities said they had no idea where she was.


A toxicology report in the US shows that golfer Tiger Woods had five


different drugs in his system when he was arrested


on suspicion of driving under the influence in May.


A urine test revealed a mixture of strong painkillers,


sleep and anxiety drugs and THC, a chemical component of marijuana.


The former world number one pleaded not guilty to the DUI charge last


week and is expected to admit a lesser charge of reckless driving.


The British government has set out its plans for trading


with the EU and the rest of the world after Brexit.


The proposals allow for a temporary deal if it's needed,


with the ultimate goal similar to the current free-trade agreement


A senior EU figure has dismissed that as fantasy,


but the UK's Brexit Secretary, David Davis, says the numbers prove


Italy selling us 290 billion, we are selling


It is in their interests, I mean, BMW do not want to have


to have a customs border that is going to slow


down their sales or add administrative costs.


Siemens is not going to want to do that, you know, so...


And the port of Rotterdam is going to want to have an efficient


operation, the biggest port in Europe, it's going to want


to have an efficient operation so they have got an interest


Adam Fleming has been following the day's developments


The questions here in Brussels boil down to two macro issues.


On timing, the EU's chief negotiator Michel Barnier has treated basically


saying he wants to stick to his timetable which is that


you make progress on issues like the Irish border,


the UK's financial obligations and the rights of EU citizens living


in the UK and British citizens living elsewhere in Europe after


Brexit, before you start talking about the future relationship.


He tweeted saying, the quicker you make progress, the quicker


you can start talking about the other things.


In terms of what the UK is asking for, which is a very close


relationship on customs in the near future


and the longer-term, the European Commission issued


a statement saying, you can really only have a frictionless border


for trade if you are not in a customs union, but in the EU's


customs union and you also a member of the single market.


In other words, remaining as a member of the EU.


The way that was put in a tweet by Guy Verhofstadt,


who is the chief Brexit coordinator for the European Parliament is that


what the UK Government was asking for is "a fantasy".


Having said all that, officials here in Brussels have been


asking for a while now for more clarity from the British government


on what it wants to achieve with Brexit and the detail


of its position on a whole range of issues.


So they are very glad that today's paper is the start


of a deluge of documents heading their way from London.


Here's a special BBC report into a mystery -


the disappearance of three Saudi princes living in Europe,


They had all been critical of the kingdom's government -


and there's evidence suggesting they were abducted and flown


It's known that one was jailed without trial -


This report from BBC Arabic's Reda El Mawy.


These three Saudi princes were outspoken critics


Prince Turki bin Abdulaziz was once an officer


in the Saudi police, which gave him access to highly


In June 2012 he began posting videos on YouTube,


in which he called for reform in Saudi Arabia.


He also claimed to have highly damaging documents and threatened


to expose corruption at the highest level.


Prince Turki was later arrested in Morocco and deported


to Saudi Arabia at the request of the Saudi authorities.


Another Prince, Saud bin Saif al-Nasr, was a relatively


minor royal with no known political activities.


But in 2015 he began tweeting attacks on the Saudi monarchy.


TRANSLATION: To those who say I am criticising people from my family,


I say it is obligatory to state the truth.


In September 2015, an anonymous Saudi prince wrote two letters


calling for a coup to overthrow King Salman.


The letters went online and were read by millions.


This was an astonishing display of opposition.


Prince Saud was the only royal to endorse the letters.


This was tantamount to treason and may have sealed his fate.


A few days later his Twitter account fell silent.


Prince Sultan bin Turki was one of the grandsons


of Prince Abdulaziz, the founder of Saudi Arabia.


He was abducted twice, the first time from Geneva in 2003,


after which he was placed under house arrest in Saudi Arabia.


Years later, he was allowed to leave Saudi Arabia for medical treatment


He contacted a lawyer who placed a criminal complaint on his behalf


It belies any credibility that this was anything other


than the abduction described by Prince Sultan.


I interviewed some witnesses, collected some medical evidence,


including a medical record from King Faisal Hospital,


where he was admitted the next day, in June 2003, which indicated he had


aspirated and been intubated in Geneva,


which for some reason was already waiting at the airport.


Prince Sultan was never able to pursue his case.


In January of that year, he boarded a jet offered to him


Two of his staff told us what happened on the flight.


The pilots diverted the flight to Riyadh, were armed


A Saudi prince and his team of European and American nationals


were kidnapped and taken to Saudi Arabia.


The foreigners were allowed to leave three days later.


Sultan has not been heard from since.


Khaled bin Farhan al-Saud is another dissident prince


He says the fate of the dissident princes is decided at the very top


We tried to contact the three princes without success.


When we asked the government of Saudi Arabia to respond


to the allegations, they declined to comment.


The British explorer Pen Hadow and his team have set off


for the North Pole - in two 50 foot yachts.


He says the melting of sea ice in the region is making the voyage


Hadow left Nome in Alaska earlier on Tuesday.


He'll sail along the Baring Strait into the Central Arctic Ocean.


After that his team will use satellites to plot the best


Our Science Correspondent Rebecca Morelle reports.


Setting off into uncharted Arctic waters, a pair of yachts


attempting a first - sailing all the way


A crew of ten and a dog have just departed from Alaska.


Led by British explorer Pen Hadow, they have a 5,500


For the first time in human history, possibly for the first


time in 130,000 years, it is now possible to sail


It's rapid warming that has made this expedition possible. This shows


how CI 's has melted over time. The smaller the less ice that year. --


this shows how sea ice has melted. Half of the volume has melted since


the 1970s it is estimated. It means that once inaccessible waters are


opening up. Researchers say that this could lead to significant


changes, especially for commercial shipping routes. The North Pole is


here and what we are seeing in this map... And Reding University,


scientists say that instead of having juice sail around the frozen


pole, ships will have a new short cut. We are seeing a firm and as the


ice continues to melt, the prospect of having commercial ships


travelling through the region will only increase. I see ships being


able to go right over the poll by the middle of the century.


The team do not know how far north they will get.


But this expedition into the unknown may be the start


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