15/08/2017 World News Today


15/08/2017

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Sierra Leone appeals for urgent help after Monday's

:00:00.:00:11.

mudslides and flooding, as the number of those

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This is a disaster. According to the head of this mortuary, it is

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absolutely saturated. India - the world's most

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populous democracy - I'm Reeta Chakrabarti,

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live in Amritsar with a series of special reports from here

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and around the region. Looking at the country's potential

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and the problems holding it back. The UK Government sets out its plans

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for trade with the EU and the rest Sailing to the North Pole

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has never been done. How the British explorer Pen Haddow

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hopes to change that. Sierra Leone's president has called

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for urgent support saying the country is overwhelmed

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by the devastation of At least 400 people are now thought

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to have lost their lives on the outskirts of

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the capital Freetown. Experts warn they're now

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at risk of diseases spread Bodies have also been piling

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up outside mortuaries. Umaru Fofana sent this

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report from the city. On the day after, emergency services

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are still overstretched. Inside the central mortuary

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of the main Connaught Hospital They are lying on the floor in the

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open because there is no more space. Nearly 100 bodies were brought

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in on Tuesday morning, bringing the total number to nearly

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400, some of them limbless. The head of the mortuary says

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they are completely overstretched and that is not all -

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as they were trying to sort corpses out, more corpses are being brought

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in from different parts of the city. Even the rescue effort

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here is challenged. People are believed to still be

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alive underneath this spot. Even if they are, it'll be a miracle

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to find them breathing. Government and development partners

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have now set up a response centre, registering those left behind

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by the disaster. But the testimonies from people

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who have been badly hit by this TRANSLATION: I first saw the body

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of my sister and called on people to help me

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and we laid her on the floor. Then I started hearing other

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people nearby crying. Monday's mudslide and flash floods

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have shaken this country. Even for a country that has

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known a bloody civil war and a destabilising Ebola outbreak,

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this is unbearable. Let's get the latest now

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from Unicef's Sierra Leone The chief coroner of Sierra Leone

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has set in the last hour that he fears there will be more than 500

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bodies. Yes, we have seen the figures going up in the last few

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days since Monday morning floods and slides. It is our concern that the

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figures would rise and that is what we are seeing. ... The viewpoint of

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the coroner, as you saw there laying the bodies outside the more she read

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in Freetown. It is a loss of dead and has left the country in deep

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mourning. You must be hearing a lot of all. Read from those who have

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survived. It struck me how fast this happen, there was no time to run?

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I think we are losing that line... There was a lot of rainfall, but

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that is not unusual for August. Flash floods in many areas and

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particularly... I think we will have to leave it

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there, the line is difficult. We appreciate your time.

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At least 12 people are reported to have been killed by a falling

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tree during a religious festival on the Portuguese island of Madeira.

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More than 50 others were injured when the 200-year-old oak tree came

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down, without warning, at the gathering near Funchal.

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This is how one of the worshippers described events at the celebration.

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We heard a noise, I looked up, I had my son by my side. I saw the tree

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falling so I called my son and ran away. I heard a Big Bang. In a lot

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of people in a panic. There were a lot of people down there.

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India's Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, has led his nation

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in marking the 70th anniversary of the country's

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The division of colonial India into two states -

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India and Pakistan - in 1947 was followed by sectarian

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violence between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.

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The partition led to the movement of around 12 million people in one

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Reeta Chakrabarti is at the Golden Temple in Amritsar for us.

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This is the most famous landmark in Amritsar. The Golden Temple is the

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holiest site for followers of the Sikh religion. This stands in the

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state of Punjab, very badly affected by the horrors of partition 70 years

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ago. On this anniversary, India has a lot to reflect on in its past and

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present. Modern-day India has a huge, young population and a

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burgeoning economy. But it has recently seen a rise in religious

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violence, directed particularly at Muslims. As South Asia correspondent

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reports. This is a day of

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celebration for India. The day it was released

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at last from colonial rule. The Indian Prime Minister,

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Narendra Modi, talked of the country's successes -

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its growing economy, its efforts to tackle corruption

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and his vision for a secure, developed nation with equal

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opportunities for all. He made a point of speaking out

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against hate crimes. In the name of religion, some people

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commit crimes. This is the land of Gandhi and border. Violent in the

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name of faith will not be tolerated. He was talking about people who

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commit religious violence. That statement is directed

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at men like this. Modi is a Hindu Nationalist

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and tensions have been growing between the country's Hindu majority

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and its large Muslim minority. At the centre of the controversy

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is the slaughter of cows for meat. But the cow is a sacred

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animal in Hinduism, TRANSLATION: If I find someone

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killing my mother cow, I don't need the police

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or the authorities. He's so passionate about protecting

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the cow, he and his supporters They've been told they've got no

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permission to stop vehicles, Stopping these lorries to see

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if they're carrying any cows. TRANSLATION: I have information

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that they are smuggling cows Cow vigilantes have been

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increasingly active across the country since Modi took

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power and there have been murders. Avoiding communal conflict

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is crucial for India. This new bridge is just

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one of scores of major The country's doing well -

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the fastest growing large There is a lot for India to

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celebrate today. But the Prime Minister knows keeping this country

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growing depends on keeping religious conflict in check.

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Amritsar is right on the border with Pakistan and as India celebrate its

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70 years, it is starting to address publicly it brutal and bloody

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beginning when the country was cut into. It was a difficult start for

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India and for its past -- first by Minister, named.

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One of a tiny number of transport links between neighbours.

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This train operates just twice a week, taking Indians over

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the border and bringing Pakistanis here to the outskirts of Amritsar.

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But it's a journey very few make, because of decades of mistrust

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between the two countries, which started with the

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Amritsar is becoming a centre of remembrance.

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This week, India is launching the first ever Partition museum

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here, recording the acts of violence and bravery of that time.

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People actually haven't spoken much about Partition in the past,

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The reason being that I think that generation

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when they came across, A, they were traumatised, and B,

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because they were so busy setting up their own lives,

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As the newly independent state of India was born,

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its first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, was full

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At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India

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His vision was of a democratic, secular state in which poverty and

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She lived through the horrors and only narrowly escaped

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with her life, hidden with a fruit truck and disguised in a burkha.

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Now 87, she's been recording her memories for her grandson Rishi

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and reflecting on modern India and Nehru's India.

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TRANSLATION: All the dreams that he showed us, they've

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We thought that after independence, all sorts of things would happen.

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We are still better off but there are many poor people.

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There is still so much poverty in India.

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There has been major economic growth in India by Nehru's vision of a more

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One thing endures, the political mistrust between India and Pakistan,

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a hostility that some born many years after Partition

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We are the same people. We probably eat similar food.

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We might just worship different gods but that doesn't

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But he's never been to Pakistan, which is less than 20 miles away.

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The border between the two countries is real and psychological.

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Partition is both history and ever present.

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There is that tension you referred to, between looking back at mass

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tragedy but also celebrating Indian identity? Yes, very much so. Looking

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back at past tragedy, you can still see as its repercussions today. In

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the fact that the two macro people from the countries can't go to each

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other's countries. There are very few crossings between India and

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Pakistan and very few people ever make those crossings. We will

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broadcasting in the city of Lahore in Pakistan, only a few miles away

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from Amritsar. When we made the land crossing there was hardly anybody

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making that crossing with us. That is a legacy that end and there is no

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apparent end in sight for that. People, when you talk to them, say

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they feel nothing but friendly feelings towards the other side but

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with the governments, there is an undercurrent of hostility all the

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time. In terms of the positive side, there is a great deal of optimism in

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this country. The economy is growing fast, globalisation is giving

:13:15.:13:17.

Indians huge opportunities and Indians are looking at all sorts of

:13:18.:13:21.

new markets. People are coming to India for trade. Theresa May was

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here, the British crime Minister, looking for trade deals post Brexit.

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India feels like a place for opportunity that there is a tension

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between some of those strains from history, from partition and it

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start, and also some developments within the political scene today, as

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Justin was talking about. Fears that there may be a rise in religious

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tension which some people feel that you can trace back to the hostility

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that began with partition. Good to talk to you from Pakistan and from

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India over the last two macro days. Thank you.

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And for more information on the partition you can

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The astonishing story, of four friends who were separated

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by the traumatic events - and reunited 30 years later.

:14:17.:14:20.

The US President Donald Trump has described the American chief

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executives who've resigned from his manufacturing

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His tweet claims that for every person who drops out,

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Three CEOs confirmed their resignations on Monday,

:14:29.:14:38.

apparently in protest at Mr Trump's initial failure to condemn white

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supremacist violence in Charlottesville Virginia.

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A fourth, Scott Paul, from the Alliance of

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American Manufacturing, resigned on Tuesday.

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Let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.

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US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, says

:15:03.:15:04.

to talks, after North Korea postponed a threat to fire missiles

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But he added that it would be up to Kim Jong-Un as to when such

:15:09.:15:13.

The US has always insisted that Pyongyang must first give

:15:14.:15:16.

The BBC World Service has called on the Iranian authorities to scrap

:15:17.:15:21.

a new order that appears to freeze the assets of its staff in Iran.

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The BBC Persian service is banned in Iran and working

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for the BBC is illegal, but the World Service

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has an audience there of about 13 million.

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Grace Mugabe, the wife of Robert Mugabe, has reportedly returned home

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from South Africa despite being ordered to answer charges of

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assault. Authorities said they had no idea where she was.

:15:59.:16:01.

A toxicology report in the US shows that golfer Tiger Woods had five

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different drugs in his system when he was arrested

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on suspicion of driving under the influence in May.

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A urine test revealed a mixture of strong painkillers,

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sleep and anxiety drugs and THC, a chemical component of marijuana.

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The former world number one pleaded not guilty to the DUI charge last

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week and is expected to admit a lesser charge of reckless driving.

:16:18.:16:23.

The British government has set out its plans for trading

:16:24.:16:25.

with the EU and the rest of the world after Brexit.

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The proposals allow for a temporary deal if it's needed,

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with the ultimate goal similar to the current free-trade agreement

:16:31.:16:35.

A senior EU figure has dismissed that as fantasy,

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but the UK's Brexit Secretary, David Davis, says the numbers prove

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Italy selling us 290 billion, we are selling

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It is in their interests, I mean, BMW do not want to have

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to have a customs border that is going to slow

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down their sales or add administrative costs.

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Siemens is not going to want to do that, you know, so...

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And the port of Rotterdam is going to want to have an efficient

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operation, the biggest port in Europe, it's going to want

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to have an efficient operation so they have got an interest

:17:15.:17:17.

Adam Fleming has been following the day's developments

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The questions here in Brussels boil down to two macro issues.

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On timing, the EU's chief negotiator Michel Barnier has treated basically

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saying he wants to stick to his timetable which is that

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you make progress on issues like the Irish border,

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the UK's financial obligations and the rights of EU citizens living

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in the UK and British citizens living elsewhere in Europe after

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Brexit, before you start talking about the future relationship.

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He tweeted saying, the quicker you make progress, the quicker

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you can start talking about the other things.

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In terms of what the UK is asking for, which is a very close

:17:58.:18:00.

relationship on customs in the near future

:18:01.:18:02.

and the longer-term, the European Commission issued

:18:03.:18:04.

a statement saying, you can really only have a frictionless border

:18:05.:18:06.

for trade if you are not in a customs union, but in the EU's

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customs union and you also a member of the single market.

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In other words, remaining as a member of the EU.

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The way that was put in a tweet by Guy Verhofstadt,

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who is the chief Brexit coordinator for the European Parliament is that

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what the UK Government was asking for is "a fantasy".

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Having said all that, officials here in Brussels have been

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asking for a while now for more clarity from the British government

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on what it wants to achieve with Brexit and the detail

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of its position on a whole range of issues.

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So they are very glad that today's paper is the start

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of a deluge of documents heading their way from London.

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Here's a special BBC report into a mystery -

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the disappearance of three Saudi princes living in Europe,

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They had all been critical of the kingdom's government -

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and there's evidence suggesting they were abducted and flown

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It's known that one was jailed without trial -

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This report from BBC Arabic's Reda El Mawy.

:19:06.:19:12.

These three Saudi princes were outspoken critics

:19:13.:19:14.

Prince Turki bin Abdulaziz was once an officer

:19:15.:19:28.

in the Saudi police, which gave him access to highly

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In June 2012 he began posting videos on YouTube,

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in which he called for reform in Saudi Arabia.

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He also claimed to have highly damaging documents and threatened

:19:37.:19:39.

to expose corruption at the highest level.

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Prince Turki was later arrested in Morocco and deported

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to Saudi Arabia at the request of the Saudi authorities.

:19:53.:19:59.

Another Prince, Saud bin Saif al-Nasr, was a relatively

:20:00.:20:01.

minor royal with no known political activities.

:20:02.:20:04.

But in 2015 he began tweeting attacks on the Saudi monarchy.

:20:05.:20:21.

TRANSLATION: To those who say I am criticising people from my family,

:20:22.:20:24.

I say it is obligatory to state the truth.

:20:25.:20:26.

In September 2015, an anonymous Saudi prince wrote two letters

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calling for a coup to overthrow King Salman.

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The letters went online and were read by millions.

:20:31.:20:32.

This was an astonishing display of opposition.

:20:33.:20:34.

Prince Saud was the only royal to endorse the letters.

:20:35.:20:39.

This was tantamount to treason and may have sealed his fate.

:20:40.:20:43.

A few days later his Twitter account fell silent.

:20:44.:20:49.

Prince Sultan bin Turki was one of the grandsons

:20:50.:20:51.

of Prince Abdulaziz, the founder of Saudi Arabia.

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He was abducted twice, the first time from Geneva in 2003,

:20:56.:21:00.

after which he was placed under house arrest in Saudi Arabia.

:21:01.:21:04.

Years later, he was allowed to leave Saudi Arabia for medical treatment

:21:05.:21:07.

He contacted a lawyer who placed a criminal complaint on his behalf

:21:08.:21:13.

It belies any credibility that this was anything other

:21:14.:21:20.

than the abduction described by Prince Sultan.

:21:21.:21:23.

I interviewed some witnesses, collected some medical evidence,

:21:24.:21:26.

including a medical record from King Faisal Hospital,

:21:27.:21:31.

where he was admitted the next day, in June 2003, which indicated he had

:21:32.:21:45.

aspirated and been intubated in Geneva,

:21:46.:21:47.

which for some reason was already waiting at the airport.

:21:48.:21:51.

Prince Sultan was never able to pursue his case.

:21:52.:21:53.

In January of that year, he boarded a jet offered to him

:21:54.:21:59.

Two of his staff told us what happened on the flight.

:22:00.:22:06.

The pilots diverted the flight to Riyadh, were armed

:22:07.:22:11.

A Saudi prince and his team of European and American nationals

:22:12.:22:24.

were kidnapped and taken to Saudi Arabia.

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The foreigners were allowed to leave three days later.

:22:30.:22:32.

Sultan has not been heard from since.

:22:33.:22:37.

Khaled bin Farhan al-Saud is another dissident prince

:22:38.:22:41.

He says the fate of the dissident princes is decided at the very top

:22:42.:22:46.

We tried to contact the three princes without success.

:22:47.:23:06.

When we asked the government of Saudi Arabia to respond

:23:07.:23:11.

to the allegations, they declined to comment.

:23:12.:23:40.

The British explorer Pen Hadow and his team have set off

:23:41.:23:43.

for the North Pole - in two 50 foot yachts.

:23:44.:23:52.

He says the melting of sea ice in the region is making the voyage

:23:53.:23:56.

Hadow left Nome in Alaska earlier on Tuesday.

:23:57.:23:59.

He'll sail along the Baring Strait into the Central Arctic Ocean.

:24:00.:24:01.

After that his team will use satellites to plot the best

:24:02.:24:04.

Our Science Correspondent Rebecca Morelle reports.

:24:05.:24:08.

Setting off into uncharted Arctic waters, a pair of yachts

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attempting a first - sailing all the way

:24:11.:24:12.

A crew of ten and a dog have just departed from Alaska.

:24:13.:24:18.

Led by British explorer Pen Hadow, they have a 5,500

:24:19.:24:22.

For the first time in human history, possibly for the first

:24:23.:24:29.

time in 130,000 years, it is now possible to sail

:24:30.:24:32.

It's rapid warming that has made this expedition possible. This shows

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how CI 's has melted over time. The smaller the less ice that year. --

:24:51.:24:59.

this shows how sea ice has melted. Half of the volume has melted since

:25:00.:25:04.

the 1970s it is estimated. It means that once inaccessible waters are

:25:05.:25:09.

opening up. Researchers say that this could lead to significant

:25:10.:25:12.

changes, especially for commercial shipping routes. The North Pole is

:25:13.:25:17.

here and what we are seeing in this map... And Reding University,

:25:18.:25:22.

scientists say that instead of having juice sail around the frozen

:25:23.:25:26.

pole, ships will have a new short cut. We are seeing a firm and as the

:25:27.:25:37.

ice continues to melt, the prospect of having commercial ships

:25:38.:25:39.

travelling through the region will only increase. I see ships being

:25:40.:25:43.

able to go right over the poll by the middle of the century.

:25:44.:25:47.

The team do not know how far north they will get.

:25:48.:25:50.

But this expedition into the unknown may be the start

:25:51.:25:53.

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