14/08/2017 World News Today


14/08/2017

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More than 300 are feared dead after a hillside collapses

:00:00.:00:12.

Residents use their bare hands to pull bodies from the mud.

:00:13.:00:19.

Donald Trump, finally, explicitly condemns

:00:20.:00:21.

white supremacists - in his second statement

:00:22.:00:24.

on the violent protests in Charlottesville Virginia.

:00:25.:00:30.

Racism is evil, and those who cause violence in its name are criminals

:00:31.:00:34.

and thugs, including the KKK, neo-Nazis, white supremacists.

:00:35.:00:40.

70 years after the end of British colonial rule in India, we bring

:00:41.:00:43.

How do you live in Pakistan, ASCII high hopes of independence have been

:00:44.:01:06.

fulfilled. -- asking if the high hopes of independence have been

:01:07.:01:07.

fulfilled. A sound

:01:08.:01:08.

we won't hear for four years - from next week Big Ben will be

:01:09.:01:11.

silent while repairs take place. Hello and welcome

:01:12.:01:19.

to World News Today. More than 300 people

:01:20.:01:26.

are feared dead and others remain trapped after a huge mudslide

:01:27.:01:28.

in the West African After heavy rains, an entire

:01:29.:01:30.

hillside on the outskirts of the capital Freetown collapsed

:01:31.:01:34.

before sunrise, leaving many homes Around 250 bodies have

:01:35.:01:36.

been recovered so far. As our diplomatic correspondent

:01:37.:01:47.

James Robbins reports, this is a country still recovering

:01:48.:01:49.

from the ebola crisis Snatched video on a mobile phone

:01:50.:01:52.

shows a torrent of mud and water carrying away

:01:53.:02:03.

everything in its path. This driver risked his life

:02:04.:02:10.

on a bridge all but overwhelmed Freetown is an overcrowded,

:02:11.:02:13.

coastal city. About 250 bodies have

:02:14.:02:18.

it has few defences They come every year but not usually

:02:19.:02:19.

with quite such ferocity. been recovered so far,

:02:20.:02:27.

the authorities fear there could be many more trapped in

:02:28.:02:31.

the ruins of houses. I went down to the spot myself

:02:32.:02:33.

and you could see people using their bare hands,

:02:34.:02:38.

pulling up corpses The road itself is a disaster area,

:02:39.:02:40.

the road is almost impassable. There are massive rocks and this

:02:41.:02:50.

area, called Mount Sugarloaf, caved in in the early hours of this

:02:51.:02:56.

morning and it has covered literally Hundreds of people are feared

:02:57.:03:00.

dead under the rubble. There are some ambulances parked

:03:01.:03:03.

here, but it is becoming a recovery The victims in Sierra Leone are

:03:04.:03:06.

among the world's poorest people. Survivors risking everything

:03:07.:03:15.

to salvage a few possessions, trying to hang on to whatever

:03:16.:03:18.

they can despite the rising water. Two days after a women

:03:19.:03:29.

was held in the American city of Charlottesville during a rally

:03:30.:03:31.

by white supremacists, Donald Trump has spoken out

:03:32.:03:33.

against racist violence. It follows a huge outcry

:03:34.:03:35.

at his area statement In a statement at the White House,

:03:36.:03:37.

the President finally named the far Our North America editor

:03:38.:03:47.

Jon Sopel reports. The president has returned to

:03:48.:03:54.

Washington from holiday this morning to meet the director of the FBI

:03:55.:03:59.

and the Attorney General following Meanwhile in the University of

:04:00.:04:02.

Virginia town, there were scuffles outside the court

:04:03.:04:08.

where James Alex Fields appeared this morning on murder

:04:09.:04:13.

charges after a car ploughed The President's everyone's

:04:14.:04:16.

to blame response and silence since led to a firestorm

:04:17.:04:28.

of criticism so why has Donald Trump been so unusually

:04:29.:04:33.

tongue tied over this? While the number of fully paid-up

:04:34.:04:38.

white supremacists may be relatively small, the number

:04:39.:04:43.

who have sympathies is probably far They were among the most vociferous

:04:44.:04:45.

supporters of him last November. Certainly, his surrogates have

:04:46.:04:50.

condemned the far right but Today, 48 hours on,

:04:51.:04:52.

a marked shift in language from the

:04:53.:04:57.

embattled president. Racism is evil and those who cause

:04:58.:05:00.

violence in its name are criminals and thugs, including the KKK,

:05:01.:05:03.

neo-Nazis, white supremacists and other hate groups that are repugnant

:05:04.:05:12.

to everything we hold dear We are a nation founded

:05:13.:05:15.

on the truth, that all of us are We are equal in the

:05:16.:05:20.

eyes of our Creator. We are equal under the law

:05:21.:05:26.

and we are equal under But this was too little,

:05:27.:05:29.

too late for Ken Frazier. Today, the boss of one of America's

:05:30.:05:38.

pharmaceutical companies resigned from the President's

:05:39.:05:42.

industry forum saying: Within minutes, Donald Trump fired

:05:43.:05:50.

back at this prominent Donald Trump has bent to criticism,

:05:51.:05:52.

something that has not happened often, but it has left many asking,

:05:53.:06:11.

why didn't he deliver these remarks The BBC's Gary

:06:12.:06:14.

O'Donogue is in Washington. Let's take a look

:06:15.:06:28.

at some of the other The World Health

:06:29.:06:34.

Organisation says the number of suspected cases of cholera

:06:35.:06:36.

in Yemen has reached 500,000. Almost 2,000 people have died

:06:37.:06:39.

since the end of April. A WHO statement said

:06:40.:06:41.

an estimated 5,000 new cases The epidemic comes against

:06:42.:06:43.

the background of Yemen's civil war, and the country's collapsing health

:06:44.:06:47.

service is struggling to cope. Burkina Faso's

:06:48.:06:51.

president has condemned what he called a despicable

:06:52.:06:52.

and cowardly terrorist attack At least 18 people died and ten

:06:53.:06:54.

wounded when two assailants The authorities say the two gunmen

:06:55.:07:00.

were killed, and that the dead include at least seven Burkinabe

:07:01.:07:04.

nationals and eight foreigners. Officials say more than 175

:07:05.:07:13.

people have died and thousands have fled their homes as monsoon floods

:07:14.:07:16.

wreak havoc in Nepal, In Nepal, officials say several

:07:17.:07:19.

settlements are unreachable and the casualty figure could rise

:07:20.:07:25.

as the extent of the In Bangladesh at least 20 people

:07:26.:07:27.

have been killed and thousands displaced Bangladesh

:07:28.:07:32.

after river waters flooded The man who dominated international

:07:33.:07:45.

chess in the 1980s and 90s is coming out of retirement to take part in a

:07:46.:07:51.

turn and in the US. He was famed for his thorough preparation and

:07:52.:07:58.

attacking style and became champion in 1985, beating the Soviet trash

:07:59.:08:03.

champion. He held onto that title for 15 years. He has tweeted, "Ready

:08:04.:08:09.

to see if I remember how to move the pieces". Going back to the story

:08:10.:08:23.

about Donald Trump ayes reaction to the events in Charlottesville at the

:08:24.:08:31.

weekend. He was under pressure to make a statement and he did make a

:08:32.:08:36.

pretty explicit statement. These were strong words. The language was

:08:37.:08:41.

very clear. He named those groups that people had called on him to

:08:42.:08:47.

name, the Ku Klux Klan, neo-Nazi sympathisers, white supremacists. He

:08:48.:08:52.

called them criminals and thugs. He went about as far as people had

:08:53.:08:56.

asked him to go. To that extent, this will be welcomed by friends and

:08:57.:09:01.

for the like. It's not the first thing he has said is matter. The

:09:02.:09:05.

initial statement he made on Saturday immediately after the

:09:06.:09:09.

violence in Charlottesville talked about violence on many sides. That

:09:10.:09:13.

is something that upset people, costing a lot of grief, anger and

:09:14.:09:17.

outrage. And a lot of suspicion that Donald Trump was trying to avoid

:09:18.:09:21.

upsetting those far right groups in particular. We have today is a

:09:22.:09:26.

written statement delivered in front of reporters, no questions, turned

:09:27.:09:30.

on his heel, went out and didn't answer anything shouted at him.

:09:31.:09:34.

Let's see what he says in the coming days when does those characteristic

:09:35.:09:41.

of peace, ad-libbed moments. If we get the same sort of thing then,

:09:42.:09:45.

people will believe him. The moment we have two Donald Trump, sets of

:09:46.:09:51.

apparent views or approaches to what happened and people want to know

:09:52.:09:57.

which one he really believes. Just listening to his statement, which

:09:58.:10:02.

you say was delivered from script, I heard him use the phrase no resource

:10:03.:10:06.

will be spared, so I is a buzz before the asking what the follow-up

:10:07.:10:15.

is here on racist brutality? The FBI are involved. The Justice Department

:10:16.:10:20.

will be involved. That is why the Attorney General and the incoming

:10:21.:10:24.

director of the FBI were with the president this morning when he came

:10:25.:10:28.

back from New Jersey for these meetings. There will be those

:10:29.:10:32.

investigations. We have had the court appearance this morning of the

:10:33.:10:36.

main suspect. He has been denied bail. He is facing a charge of

:10:37.:10:41.

secondary degree murder as well as other charges, too. I think the

:10:42.:10:48.

tragedy itself of Charlottesville is one thing, the political aspect to

:10:49.:10:54.

it has given it a toxicity. It has touched a nerve in American society

:10:55.:10:58.

and politics. It's incredibly raw. It goes back decades and decades.

:10:59.:11:03.

Right back to the Civil War and the struggles for emancipation. This is

:11:04.:11:10.

something that still a very real issue and problem in modern-day

:11:11.:11:16.

America. Given that, Gary, do you sense some relief in the White House

:11:17.:11:21.

that Donald Trump has done what many politicians would call the decent

:11:22.:11:26.

thing today glove well, I don't think he would have done this today

:11:27.:11:31.

if he hadn't had some pretty strong and united unified advice that this

:11:32.:11:36.

was the right way to go. He's not to changing his mind in that sense or

:11:37.:11:42.

at least acknowledging that he was wrong are being told what to do.

:11:43.:11:46.

This is a pretty substantial flip-flop in terms of the language

:11:47.:11:52.

and the sentiment. I think the view will have been taken that this is

:11:53.:11:58.

doing enormous damage, this is again distracting from the main agenda.

:11:59.:12:01.

You will notice that very odd moment at the beginning of the statement

:12:02.:12:05.

where he talked about the economy for 30 seconds or a minute and then

:12:06.:12:09.

suddenly launched into this business about Charlottesville. That didn't

:12:10.:12:13.

feel quite right. They will be telling him, if you want get back on

:12:14.:12:18.

your agenda, tax cuts, infrastructure, investment, these

:12:19.:12:25.

kinds of things. Going down these political rabbit holes, toxic issues

:12:26.:12:32.

is not the way to did. Thank you for bringing us right up to date.

:12:33.:12:34.

This week - India and Pakistan mark 70 years

:12:35.:12:36.

of independence from Britain that came after almost 200

:12:37.:12:38.

There have been celebrations in Pakistan today to

:12:39.:12:42.

mark the anniversary - tomorrow India will do the same.

:12:43.:12:44.

Seven decades ago, after months of political deadlock,

:12:45.:12:52.

Britain agreed to divide the country in two.

:12:53.:12:54.

The Muslim-majority state of Pakistan was created,

:12:55.:12:55.

to the west and east of India - with Muslims travelling

:12:56.:12:59.

in one direction, Hindus and Sikhs in the other.

:13:00.:13:01.

It triggered one of the great calamities of the modern era,

:13:02.:13:04.

perhaps the biggest movement of people -

:13:05.:13:05.

outside war and famine - that the world has ever seen.

:13:06.:13:08.

Around 12 million people are thought to have fled

:13:09.:13:11.

the violence that erupted, with communities

:13:12.:13:14.

A million people are thought to have died.

:13:15.:13:17.

Reeta Chakrabarti is in Lahore in Pakistan for us.

:13:18.:13:26.

Despite that very violent beginning, the centre of Lahore has all day

:13:27.:13:35.

felt like a giant street party with horns and flags and of course

:13:36.:13:41.

fireworks. Pakistanis are celebrating two things, the end of

:13:42.:13:45.

British colonial rule and also be splitting off from India. Pakistan

:13:46.:13:49.

was created by the homeland for the subcontinent's Muslims, but a debate

:13:50.:13:54.

has been going on in this country for quite some time now about what

:13:55.:13:58.

sort of country it should be. I've been looking at the hopes of the

:13:59.:14:04.

country putts founding father, Muhammed Jinnah, and looking at how

:14:05.:14:08.

different the his vision is being funded today. -- interpreted today.

:14:09.:14:10.

In Pakistan's former capital, Karachi, Muhammed Jinnah's

:14:11.:14:12.

home is preserved with care and reverence.

:14:13.:14:16.

Muhammed Jinnah led the creation of Pakistan,

:14:17.:14:18.

but today his legacy is hotly contested.

:14:19.:14:20.

Just what sort of nation did he envisage?

:14:21.:14:25.

Muhammed Ali Jinnah, Pakistan's first Governor general.

:14:26.:14:28.

As the British left Colonial India, Muhammed Jinnah was desperate

:14:29.:14:31.

to secure the rights of the Muslim population.

:14:32.:14:33.

The answer was a separate state, Pakistan.

:14:34.:14:36.

Our object should be peace within and peace without.

:14:37.:14:46.

But peace seems often to have eluded this nation, both within

:14:47.:14:49.

Poverty and security remain major issues, and the debate

:14:50.:14:52.

For this leading politician, Muhammed Jinnah's

:14:53.:15:00.

was for a secular Pakistan, one that hasn't

:15:01.:15:02.

I think Mr Jinnah would still be looking at

:15:03.:15:06.

moving us forward if he were here today.

:15:07.:15:11.

He made it very clear, it tolerated all religions, but we

:15:12.:15:14.

haven't seen exactly the epitome of moral inclusion that he sought.

:15:15.:15:18.

That's because others see Islam as central

:15:19.:15:23.

The Constitution, they say, is Islamic

:15:24.:15:27.

in nature, and successive governments have failed to

:15:28.:15:29.

What otherwise was the point, they ask, of creating Pakistan?

:15:30.:15:35.

TRANSLATION: Muhammed Jinnah rebelled and struggled against

:15:36.:15:37.

There was secularism already in India, but the Hindu,

:15:38.:15:44.

British, Muslim identity was at risk.

:15:45.:15:48.

That is why he made Pakistan - an independent Islamic state.

:15:49.:15:54.

But others say Pakistan's real problem is not religion, but

:15:55.:16:01.

Its might is on display every evening at the border with India,

:16:02.:16:05.

with troops strutting and goose-stepping in a full-blooded

:16:06.:16:07.

Over a third of Pakistan's 70 years have been under

:16:08.:16:11.

What would Muhammed Jinnah have made of that?

:16:12.:16:15.

Because the military was supposed be a

:16:16.:16:20.

subordinate organisation to politics.

:16:21.:16:25.

So I think he never, never could have imagined that the

:16:26.:16:28.

military would have played such an important role, and would have

:16:29.:16:31.

He will be turning in his grave if he came to know of that.

:16:32.:16:42.

Muhammed Jinnah's resting place is this

:16:43.:16:43.

magnificent mausoleum in Karachi, a fitting tribute

:16:44.:16:45.

He bequeathed to his people self-government and a democracy, but

:16:46.:16:48.

Pakistan still struggles with what its true identity might be.

:16:49.:17:01.

Along with independence came partition, with shocking violence on

:17:02.:17:08.

both sides. Our Pakistan corresponded has been speaking to

:17:09.:17:12.

people who fought, people who fled and people who helped shelter

:17:13.:17:14.

potential victims from slaughter. In 1947 as British colonial rule

:17:15.:17:18.

ended, India was divided Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims who had

:17:19.:17:21.

lived in relative peace Amongst those involved

:17:22.:17:25.

in the violence was Mohammad Akram, He helped attack a Hindu politician

:17:26.:17:31.

who had been calling for calm TRANSLATION: Someone struck him

:17:32.:17:40.

on the head with a brick. "Whoever doesn't hit him,

:17:41.:17:46.

isn't a real man!" Me and the rest of the crowd

:17:47.:17:58.

beat him to death. Do you ever regret your

:17:59.:18:01.

role in the killing? TRANSLATION: Our people

:18:02.:18:03.

were being murdered. Up to one million people

:18:04.:18:04.

were killed in 1947. Many of the most brutal attacks

:18:05.:18:14.

were on the trains carrying refugees into and out of Pakistan,

:18:15.:18:20.

across the divided Naseem is the eldest of five

:18:21.:18:25.

generations of her family living The train she and her five-day-old

:18:26.:18:30.

baby were travelling on to Pakistan TRANSLATION: We hid

:18:31.:18:38.

under the luggage. They came on board, slashing

:18:39.:18:40.

everyone, cutting their faces, There were piles

:18:41.:18:44.

and piles of bodies. Naseem lost nearly all her immediate

:18:45.:18:51.

family in the unrest. The horrors she witnessed

:18:52.:18:58.

continue to haunt her. TRANSLATION: The fear

:18:59.:19:06.

never leaves you. I still clearly remember

:19:07.:19:08.

how they used to strip Even now, I feel scared,

:19:09.:19:12.

that any time someone Atrocities were committed by both

:19:13.:19:15.

sides across the country. Even here in these peaceful

:19:16.:19:24.

valleys north of Islamabad, But amidst the horror,

:19:25.:19:28.

there were heroes, too. Mehboob and his father secretly

:19:29.:19:36.

hid their Sikh neighbours TRANSLATION: One night,

:19:37.:19:38.

there was a knock on our door. She said, "For the love

:19:39.:19:46.

of God, save us. Mehboob is proud of what

:19:47.:19:53.

he and his family did. He remembers fondly the time

:19:54.:20:00.

when Sikhs and Muslims In Pakistan though, many prefer

:20:01.:20:03.

to look to the future, But each anniversary of partition,

:20:04.:20:10.

there are fewer left Sikander Kermani,

:20:11.:20:17.

BBC News, Islamabad. There is optimism in present-day

:20:18.:20:31.

Pakistan, particularly among younger people who see opportunities opening

:20:32.:20:35.

up for them. But there are challenges, too. Only last month,

:20:36.:20:40.

the Prime Minister was forced to resign over corruption charges and

:20:41.:20:45.

security remains a major issue, with two bomb attacks in the last few

:20:46.:20:50.

weeks. One here in Lahore, another in the night of the country. That is

:20:51.:20:56.

set from Pakistan. Tomorrow, I'll be reporting from India. As that

:20:57.:21:01.

country celebrates its 70th birthday. For now, from a very

:21:02.:21:05.

festive lot poorer, it's back to you. -- Lahore.

:21:06.:21:14.

Thanks, Reeta, and you can also visit our website

:21:15.:21:16.

for more information on the partition.

:21:17.:21:17.

You'll find personal stories of horror and humanity,

:21:18.:21:21.

told for the first time to BBC from people who went

:21:22.:21:24.

More now on our top story. Welcome to BBC News. Have you seen Mount

:21:25.:21:49.

Sugarloaf are what is left of it for yourself? We went past the area

:21:50.:21:53.

where Mount Sugarloaf is this morning. We happened to be going on

:21:54.:21:57.

a mission when you're driving through the region, the community

:21:58.:22:03.

were meant Sugarloaf is. Basically, there was a lot of rain. It was

:22:04.:22:08.

raining very heavily. We noticed a woman running towards the main road,

:22:09.:22:14.

gesticulating and crying bitterly. She ran towards a woman on a bike in

:22:15.:22:20.

front of her. After a brief conversation, we noticed something

:22:21.:22:24.

had happened and something was seriously wrong. Not long after

:22:25.:22:28.

that, we had a man also running towards the road and a pushover

:22:29.:22:33.

vehicle, crying desperately, telling us something had happened. He was

:22:34.:22:36.

afraid that many lives had been lost from a landslide that happened that

:22:37.:22:41.

morning. Basically, this is when he contacted our offices to inform us

:22:42.:22:46.

there was something wrong in the area. Do you think it's probably

:22:47.:22:49.

right to say that hundreds of people have died here? It is difficult to

:22:50.:22:55.

say right now, but at the moment, based on the information coming from

:22:56.:23:03.

the morgue, over 300 lives had been lost and there are still report of

:23:04.:23:08.

bodies scattered around certain areas in the city. We are really

:23:09.:23:13.

concerned. Our biggest concern is for the children, who really have no

:23:14.:23:16.

clue what is scoring on. We don't all her many have been lost during

:23:17.:23:24.

this tragedy. One of the factors that the vice president has raised

:23:25.:23:28.

is that some of this is possibly due to illegal building, a huge amount

:23:29.:23:32.

of pressure on this and other cities. Would that time in with what

:23:33.:23:38.

you know? In many ways, yes. There are a lot of settlement in those

:23:39.:23:43.

fields. We know that with regards to Charlottesville, there have been a

:23:44.:23:49.

lot of migration over time. -- Freetown. Of course, in terms of

:23:50.:23:55.

those hills with the kind of rain we tend to get over this period of

:23:56.:24:02.

time, in the year, it is more at risk because the homes are not very

:24:03.:24:07.

safe. There are a number of forests on the hills and the land is

:24:08.:24:14.

becoming more and more insecure. We are seriously concerned that a lot

:24:15.:24:17.

of lives may have been lost in this tragedy. Much like what are you able

:24:18.:24:24.

to do with putter Save the Children, I suppose you're trying to look

:24:25.:24:30.

after those who have survived? At the moment, we're in discussions

:24:31.:24:33.

with the office of national and of course we have partnership with the

:24:34.:24:39.

Government to plan the way forward. Already we have an emergency plan in

:24:40.:24:47.

place, where we are going to be looking at how we can support the

:24:48.:24:51.

communities in that area. But also with regards to protection and

:24:52.:24:54.

medication. The immediate concern right now is how to reach out to

:24:55.:24:58.

this community and trying to see how we can support with regards to

:24:59.:25:03.

finding children, identifying children who may have been lost, and

:25:04.:25:09.

to try and see whether we can start working on getting these children

:25:10.:25:13.

back with their parents or with their families. That is our concern

:25:14.:25:19.

right now. I can tell you're really busy and we appreciate your time in

:25:20.:25:22.

telling us something about what is happening there in Freetown.

:25:23.:25:31.

Here in Britain, the bongs of London's Big Ben will fall silent

:25:32.:25:34.

next week for four years so that major conservation work can be

:25:35.:25:37.

The chimes will still be used however, for important national

:25:38.:25:41.

events such as New Year's Eve and Remembrance Sunday,

:25:42.:25:43.

The silence is designed to protect the workers who will be working

:25:44.:25:54.

around the famous bell. Don't forget you can get

:25:55.:25:55.

in touch with me and some

:25:56.:25:59.

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