24/08/2017 World News Today


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The submarine owner who took a journalist to sea will be charged


with murder after her body washed up off Denmark.


The UN calls for a pause in the fighting in Syria


to allow civilians to escape Islamic State's last stronghold.


Eight people are missing after a landslide in the Swiss Alps,


with warnings that further landslides could follow.


The narwhal - as sea ice retreats in the Arctic,


scientists are learning more about the creature they call


Hello and welcome to World News Today.


Danish prosecutors investigating the death of a Swedish


journalist say they plan to charge submarine inventor Peter


The dismembered body of Kim Wall was found off the Danish coast


after she was taken out to sea in a submarine by Mr Madsen


for any more remains of Kim Wall, near to where she and Mr Madsen set


Anything they find will be key to piecing together what happened


with a lack of physical evidence or witness testimony.


Kim Wall travelled and worked around the world for


She graduated from Colombia School of Journalism,


and it was here fellow students held candlelit vigils to


When somebody passes, they always say the person was sweet, and she


really was. She was funny. When you talked to her, you could talk to her


for a long time. She was very easy to talk to. So a lot of us are


feeling like it is not fair. Elisabeth Thiis from Danish


broadcaster TV2 has been covering Thank you for talking to us. What is


the latest on the search for Kim Wall's remains? Late this afternoon,


Swedish police found what seems to be a body part off the Swedish coast


just across from Copenhagen and the place where the torso of Kim Wall


was found. It is too early to say whether it is related to the case


but it is definitely something the Danish police are keeping in mind at


the moment. Rossa Kidder 's say they plan to bring murder charges, or ask


for a murder charges against Peter Madsen -- prosecutors say. Do you


know when the charges will be brought? The police are charging him


with murder. The new charges are that they plan to ask for charges of


the felony abuse of a corpse. The new charges will be in the latest


September. Two charges, murder and abuse of court 's -- abuse of a


court 's. What had she been trying to do when she agreed to take the


trip on a submarine? As we know the story, she was planning on writing a


story about this submarine. Not many people have private submarines in


the world and Peter Madsen, the Danish inventor, build this and it


is one of the largest in the world. She was going to write a story, that


is the explanation we now so far and all other explanations are


speculation. This must have shocked the whole of Denmark as well as


journalist colleagues in Copenhagen. Yes, the story has been developing


for the last two weeks. First we had a missing submarine, which is


unique, then we had a missing young journalist and suddenly a very


well-known scientist charged with murder. Today the police revealed


that the torso washed up on the coast of Copenhagen was found naked


and there were no clothes from Kim Wall in the submarine. There has


been a lot of development in the story and it is something which


doesn't happen every day in Denmark. Migration continues to focus


the minds of European leaders with President Macron


on a tour of central Europe. He's visiting Austria,


Bulgaria and Romania to persuade them of the need to tighten up rules


which ensure workers from low wage members of the EU don't undercut


the wages workers in its richest Elsewhere in the bloc


the number of migrants heading to the UK has fallen sharply


as the country prepares 50,000 fewer EU nationals came to


the UK in the past year than before. That still left total net migration


- the difference between those entering and leaving the country


- at 246,000. For many Eastern Europeans,


the time has come to go. The triggers, Brexit


and the falling pound. Among the crowds at London's coach


station this afternoon, He said Leave voters


had driven him out. I think they are a little bit racist


with us, the European people. That is why you are


planning to leave? Yes, and also because sterling


is going down, you know? We want to go there,


because we can find good At this chicken hatchery


in West Oxfordshire, they have become reliant on workers


from countries like Poland that It allowed their business


to expand, year-on-year. But today's figures show that


suddenly almost as many people from those countries


are leaving as arriving. The owner is losing staff


and struggling to find new ones. The referendum was when people


really thought about it. Over the last 12 months or so,


it has got worse and worse. People have thought about it more


and more and it is now This isn't something that might


happen in the future, in 2019. For people like myself, recruiting


staff, it is a problem today. Further up the chain in chicken


production they are even more For the first time in years,


he is planning to shrink Rightly or wrongly, huge sections


of the agricultural, food production, hospitality


and manufacturing industries in the UK have become reliant


on a ready supply of workers Now, all of a sudden,


that supply is drying up. Today's figures show


the total number of people arriving in Britain to live,


study or work, minus those leaving, But the headline figure is dropping


and the single biggest factor is that fewer Europeans are coming,


and more are leaving. It is good to see that we have


the third quarter in a row of net but we can't be complacent,


we won't be complacent. There is still a lot of work to do,


and we will continue to do that to deliver ultimately


on the long-term ambition to see it Of course, millions of EU citizens


are still working in the UK in places like this Scandinavian


cafe, and many will stay. The UK economy is now


performing less well, perhaps, Another one is that the value


of the pound has declined, which means, firstly,


it is more expensive to live Also, if you are earning money


in the UK and you want to spend it in another country or send it home


to your family, it is worth less. The figures are the strongest


sign yet of a Brexit The question is, what will the


knock-on effect be on the economy? Swiss police say 8 people


are missing following a landslide Rescue operations are being


intensified, and geologists are warning that further landslides


in the remote alpine valley, which is popular with hikers


and climbers, cannot be ruled out. On Wednesday morning,


4 million cubic metres of mud and rock poured down the mountain,


destroying farmhouses in its path and ending up right on the edge


of the tiny village of Bondo. Residents were they


activated immediately. Helicopters plucked hikers


from alpine huts and, at first, rescue workers thought


everyone was safe. TRANSLATION: Overnight we received


reports of missing people. We intensified the rescue effort


and an army helicopter was sent out. Police have now confirmed that eight


people known to have been in the region at the time


of the landslide are Over 120 rescue workers


are now searching on foot and with specialised helicopters


which can detect These remote, steep-sided valleys


are popular with climbers and hikers but they are also known for the risk


of avalanche and rock slides. Some communities here have


already invested millions Geologists are warning that


in the coming days further The United Nations has called


for a humanitarian pause in fighting against so called Islamic State


in its Syrian stronghold of Raqqa to help civilians escape


the increasingly deadly battles. The UN estimates that some 25,000


civilians remain trapped. The war in Syria is in its seventh


year, with rebels refusing to give up the fight against President


Assad. Our chief international


correspondent Lyse Doucet is in Syria and has just returned


from the town of Suknah, the site of recent battle,


and she joins us now What is the latest about the battle


and the effect on civilians? We heard the United Nations trying to


be seen to be doing something to end what is clearly a dire situation for


civilians trapped in Raqqa. When they tried to escape they are either


stopped by snipers or booby-traps or by Islamic State which wants to use


them as human shields, or if they manage to escape they come under


fire from US led coalition air strikes targeting the positions of


Islamic State, including the boats they are using to transport fighters


and weapons as they dig in for their last stand. This is the last battle


it is believed to take back what was declared the capital of the


caliphate. It is a very important call by the United Nations but the


big question, as always, is whether all of the poses the United Nations


tries to achieve in Syria, this time it might fall on deaf ears. You are


in Homs, we have heard so much about it with so much tragedy in this war.


What is the situation there? In the early years of the Syrian uprising,


Homs so some of the largest protests and the heaviest fighting. Buying to


me there are entire neighbourhoods lying in ruin. By doing surrender


deals with the opposition and forcing them out, all of Homs is


back in government hands and there are parts of the city where you


would think they had never been a war at all. Swimming pools full of


children on summer holiday, families walking in parks, Ferris wheels full


of children laughing and playing as they would anywhere. But this city


has been through a lot of hardship and pain. So many residents were


forced to flee and believe with bitterness and anger and sadness


that they will not be allowed to come back. What sort of strategic


significance does Suknah have? It is a desert town in the midst of a vast


expanse of Desert, left as a mound of ruins, and the 80,000 people


living there fled the town when Islamic State stormed it years ago.


Now there is almost nothing left but the Syrian military describes it as


the most important victory this year. The taking of Suknah opens the


road to the only province in Syria entirely under the control of


Islamic State. Except for a besieged part of the capital city which is so


held in government hands, also a Syrian Air Force Base, that is the


next target. We saw people making their way ten kilometres a day


across the desert. Thank you very much. Sorry about the problems with


the sound just at the end. Let's take a look at some of


the other stories making the news... 23 people have died


in Brazil after a ferry boat sank en route from the Island


of Itaparica to the coastal A survivor said he spent two hours


in the water before being rescued. At least 19 others were killed


in a seperate incident on Tuesday Brazil's government has abolished


a vast national reserve in the Amazon to open up


the area to mining. The area covers 40,000 square


kilometres and is thought to be rich The government insists that


protected forest areas and indigenous reserves


will not be affected. Dutch police have arrested a second


suspect after a rock concert was cancelled last night


because of fears of an attack. Police are still questioning


the driver of a Spanish-registered van that was stopped


near the concert venue in Rotterdam, India's law minister says


he welcomes a landmark ruling by the country's Supreme Court that


says citizens do have a fundamental right to privacy The decision


could have big implications for a huge government biometric card


programme introducing personal More than one billion Indians have


already signed up but rights groups are concerned personal data


could be misused. It has been described


as a historic judgment, one that could fundamentally alter


the lives of Indians. Nine judges of the country's


Supreme Court spent two years poring over arguments before delivering


a powerful verdict. In its order, the Supreme Court said


not only does the constitution guarantee the right to privacy,


it is also an intrinsic part of an individual's right


to life and liberty. Then it went on to say


that there was a need for the courts to be sensitive to the dangers posed


to liberty in a digital age, and the direct impacts


for an ambitious and flagship government identity programme,


the Aadhaar system. For the past eight years,


the government has collect biometric data from more than 1 billion


Indians, covering almost In return, every citizen has been


provided a unique identity number that has now been mandatory


when opening a bank account, filing taxes and accessing a host


of other essential services. Many Indians believe it has


given the government too much access and control


over their personal information. Nobody should tell me that this


is how you should live. The way I want to live,


I should be accepted that way Privacy means live and let live


and it is important for everybody because if somebody is always


looking into your life it becomes stressful and you feel


you are being judged. And there are some who believe


the extensive judgment has For example, the surveillance


architecture of the state here in India is growing


exponentially and fast and it has been growing without trammels


and so the fact that the right to privacy has been explicitly


and by such a large bench laid down, and it includes


information on privacy. -- and it includes


informational privacy. The Aadhaar identity system


was meant to cut red tape and curb corruption while delivering basic


services and welfare But it has left many concerned


that the data could be After today's court decision,


the entire future of this ambitious A study here in the UK has


revealed shocking levels of inactivity among middle-aged


people in England. Researchers found that about 41%


of those studied didn't even manage a brisk ten minute walk


once a month. In the Derbyshire Peak District,


the Stockport walkers I believe the weather


is going to be fine. The beauty of walking


is it is free, you do not Regular walkers will


tell you, there are People like Liam Quigley,


who joined this club after If you feel down, you


come to an area like this, you get a few


miles under your belt, and you go home and you feel


100% better. Nothing seems as bad


as it did before. Now Public Health England says


too many adults are not getting enough physical activity,


leading to hundreds of avoidable But walking briskly at around three


miles per hour for just ten minutes each day can


significantly reduce the risk of ill That is the advice


GP Dr Zoe Williams has a smartphone app


to measure heart own progress. But according to a survey


of our exercise habits, Four in ten adults,


between the ages of 40 and 60, are not managing


to achieve ten minutes of brisk walking


per month, which sounds unbelievable, and a lot of those


people will be walking, but they are It is important to


walk briskly, because that is when you start to get


the health benefits. But for many, time is the biggest


obstacle to exercise. Generally I would rather


drive than walk, because I need to get


there in We do go for a walk,


but not briskly. This advice from health


experts to do ten minutes of brisk walking every


single day sounds simple enough, but many of us struggle to work that


kind of activity into our everyday many of us struggle to work that


kind of activity into our everyday If you use public


transport to get to work, you could hop off a stop


early and continue As you get to work, do not take


the lift, use the stairs. If you do get a break


during the day, for example a lunch hour,


you can use that time Walking can help with weight loss,


back pain, long-term conditions like diabetes, even reducing


the risk of cancer. Now we're all being urged


to get up and get moving. It's a figure too


big to comprehend - Well, it's made one


Massachussetts woman very happy - CHEERING


That is the sound of someone who has won the lottery.


She is the winner of the biggest jackpot in North American history


and has come forward to collect her prize. I just want to sit back and


relax. I had a pipe dream to retire in 12 and it came early. I work in a


medical centre in patient care. I have called them and told them I


will not be coming back. LAUGHTER


The rate of melting ice in the Arctic has been worrying


Now they're studying narwhals, one of the most mysterious


ocean species, to help determine the impact.


A new exhibition at the Smithsonian's National Museum


of Natural History in Washington DC reveals some of their findings.


Often called sea unicorns, narwhals are among the most


Their frozen habitat has made them hard to study but, as the ice melts,


these aquatic mammals are becoming more accessible to scientists,


who hope to solve perhaps the biggest mystery of them all -


the purpose of the narwhal's tusk.


A lot of people think this tusk is a horn but it is not,


And you are a dentist, which I suppose makes sense.


And in this case probably a dentist for one of the most extraordinary


The research we have been conducting for the last 16 years has shown


tiny nerve connections between the outside of this


tusk and its inner nerve, which is innervated


That is one of many theories, although most scientists believe


the tusk is used by males to attract females.


This exhibition presents an overview of the latest research.


It also shows how narwhals are changing their behaviour due


to habitat loss caused by climate change, and how that


affects the Inuit, who have depended on the narwhals


The native folks have told us that they are changing migrations,


that there are more instances of what we call entrapments,


that is when the narwhals get caught when the ice is freezing up


in the fall and in the winter it will freeze right


So there are some pretty dramatic events which can occur.


Scientists work with the Inuit to track and study narwhals.


By fitting them with sensors, they are learning more


about the diving patterns and feeding habits, migration,


These sounds were recorded underwater but when predators are


But even their breathing can be an unforgettable experience.


I was on the ice and it was 2am roughly and I heard the breathing


The water was still, it was tranquil.


There was a light mist and fog and then hundreds of whales started


surfacing and I heard this cacophony of breathing sounds all around me.


There are approximately 180,000 narwhals living in the Arctic


but climate change is opening the region not just to scientists


but to commercial enterprises, raising the risk of pollution.


And that could pose the biggest threat of all.


Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some


of the team on Twitter - I'm @KarinBBC.


From me, Karin Giannone, and the rest of the BBC World News


The best of the dry and bright weather the further south and east


you are over the next few days. Low pressure is in the north-west,


moving slowly towards us and bringing outbreaks


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