24/08/2017 World News Today


24/08/2017

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The submarine owner who took a journalist to sea will be charged

:00:08.:00:17.

with murder after her body washed up off Denmark.

:00:18.:00:19.

The UN calls for a pause in the fighting in Syria

:00:20.:00:22.

to allow civilians to escape Islamic State's last stronghold.

:00:23.:00:26.

Eight people are missing after a landslide in the Swiss Alps,

:00:27.:00:29.

with warnings that further landslides could follow.

:00:30.:00:32.

The narwhal - as sea ice retreats in the Arctic,

:00:33.:00:38.

scientists are learning more about the creature they call

:00:39.:00:40.

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:00:41.:01:02.

Danish prosecutors investigating the death of a Swedish

:01:03.:01:03.

journalist say they plan to charge submarine inventor Peter

:01:04.:01:06.

The dismembered body of Kim Wall was found off the Danish coast

:01:07.:01:10.

after she was taken out to sea in a submarine by Mr Madsen

:01:11.:01:13.

for any more remains of Kim Wall, near to where she and Mr Madsen set

:01:14.:01:23.

Anything they find will be key to piecing together what happened

:01:24.:01:27.

with a lack of physical evidence or witness testimony.

:01:28.:01:30.

Kim Wall travelled and worked around the world for

:01:31.:01:40.

She graduated from Colombia School of Journalism,

:01:41.:01:43.

and it was here fellow students held candlelit vigils to

:01:44.:01:45.

When somebody passes, they always say the person was sweet, and she

:01:46.:02:01.

really was. She was funny. When you talked to her, you could talk to her

:02:02.:02:05.

for a long time. She was very easy to talk to. So a lot of us are

:02:06.:02:13.

feeling like it is not fair. Elisabeth Thiis from Danish

:02:14.:02:15.

broadcaster TV2 has been covering Thank you for talking to us. What is

:02:16.:02:29.

the latest on the search for Kim Wall's remains? Late this afternoon,

:02:30.:02:36.

Swedish police found what seems to be a body part off the Swedish coast

:02:37.:02:46.

just across from Copenhagen and the place where the torso of Kim Wall

:02:47.:02:52.

was found. It is too early to say whether it is related to the case

:02:53.:02:56.

but it is definitely something the Danish police are keeping in mind at

:02:57.:03:00.

the moment. Rossa Kidder 's say they plan to bring murder charges, or ask

:03:01.:03:05.

for a murder charges against Peter Madsen -- prosecutors say. Do you

:03:06.:03:12.

know when the charges will be brought? The police are charging him

:03:13.:03:20.

with murder. The new charges are that they plan to ask for charges of

:03:21.:03:29.

the felony abuse of a corpse. The new charges will be in the latest

:03:30.:03:37.

September. Two charges, murder and abuse of court 's -- abuse of a

:03:38.:03:46.

court 's. What had she been trying to do when she agreed to take the

:03:47.:03:53.

trip on a submarine? As we know the story, she was planning on writing a

:03:54.:03:59.

story about this submarine. Not many people have private submarines in

:04:00.:04:03.

the world and Peter Madsen, the Danish inventor, build this and it

:04:04.:04:09.

is one of the largest in the world. She was going to write a story, that

:04:10.:04:16.

is the explanation we now so far and all other explanations are

:04:17.:04:19.

speculation. This must have shocked the whole of Denmark as well as

:04:20.:04:28.

journalist colleagues in Copenhagen. Yes, the story has been developing

:04:29.:04:31.

for the last two weeks. First we had a missing submarine, which is

:04:32.:04:38.

unique, then we had a missing young journalist and suddenly a very

:04:39.:04:43.

well-known scientist charged with murder. Today the police revealed

:04:44.:04:51.

that the torso washed up on the coast of Copenhagen was found naked

:04:52.:05:00.

and there were no clothes from Kim Wall in the submarine. There has

:05:01.:05:05.

been a lot of development in the story and it is something which

:05:06.:05:06.

doesn't happen every day in Denmark. Migration continues to focus

:05:07.:05:28.

the minds of European leaders with President Macron

:05:29.:05:32.

on a tour of central Europe. He's visiting Austria,

:05:33.:05:34.

Bulgaria and Romania to persuade them of the need to tighten up rules

:05:35.:05:36.

which ensure workers from low wage members of the EU don't undercut

:05:37.:05:39.

the wages workers in its richest Elsewhere in the bloc

:05:40.:05:42.

the number of migrants heading to the UK has fallen sharply

:05:43.:05:45.

as the country prepares 50,000 fewer EU nationals came to

:05:46.:05:48.

the UK in the past year than before. That still left total net migration

:05:49.:05:52.

- the difference between those entering and leaving the country

:05:53.:05:55.

- at 246,000. For many Eastern Europeans,

:05:56.:05:57.

the time has come to go. The triggers, Brexit

:05:58.:06:00.

and the falling pound. Among the crowds at London's coach

:06:01.:06:02.

station this afternoon, He said Leave voters

:06:03.:06:04.

had driven him out. I think they are a little bit racist

:06:05.:06:11.

with us, the European people. That is why you are

:06:12.:06:18.

planning to leave? Yes, and also because sterling

:06:19.:06:24.

is going down, you know? We want to go there,

:06:25.:06:28.

because we can find good At this chicken hatchery

:06:29.:06:30.

in West Oxfordshire, they have become reliant on workers

:06:31.:06:38.

from countries like Poland that It allowed their business

:06:39.:06:41.

to expand, year-on-year. But today's figures show that

:06:42.:06:50.

suddenly almost as many people from those countries

:06:51.:06:52.

are leaving as arriving. The owner is losing staff

:06:53.:06:54.

and struggling to find new ones. The referendum was when people

:06:55.:06:58.

really thought about it. Over the last 12 months or so,

:06:59.:07:01.

it has got worse and worse. People have thought about it more

:07:02.:07:04.

and more and it is now This isn't something that might

:07:05.:07:07.

happen in the future, in 2019. For people like myself, recruiting

:07:08.:07:13.

staff, it is a problem today. Further up the chain in chicken

:07:14.:07:18.

production they are even more For the first time in years,

:07:19.:07:21.

he is planning to shrink Rightly or wrongly, huge sections

:07:22.:07:26.

of the agricultural, food production, hospitality

:07:27.:07:30.

and manufacturing industries in the UK have become reliant

:07:31.:07:31.

on a ready supply of workers Now, all of a sudden,

:07:32.:07:34.

that supply is drying up. Today's figures show

:07:35.:07:45.

the total number of people arriving in Britain to live,

:07:46.:07:48.

study or work, minus those leaving, But the headline figure is dropping

:07:49.:07:51.

and the single biggest factor is that fewer Europeans are coming,

:07:52.:08:01.

and more are leaving. It is good to see that we have

:08:02.:08:14.

the third quarter in a row of net but we can't be complacent,

:08:15.:08:18.

we won't be complacent. There is still a lot of work to do,

:08:19.:08:21.

and we will continue to do that to deliver ultimately

:08:22.:08:25.

on the long-term ambition to see it Of course, millions of EU citizens

:08:26.:08:27.

are still working in the UK in places like this Scandinavian

:08:28.:08:34.

cafe, and many will stay. The UK economy is now

:08:35.:08:36.

performing less well, perhaps, Another one is that the value

:08:37.:08:40.

of the pound has declined, which means, firstly,

:08:41.:08:44.

it is more expensive to live Also, if you are earning money

:08:45.:08:46.

in the UK and you want to spend it in another country or send it home

:08:47.:08:51.

to your family, it is worth less. The figures are the strongest

:08:52.:08:55.

sign yet of a Brexit The question is, what will the

:08:56.:08:57.

knock-on effect be on the economy? Swiss police say 8 people

:08:58.:09:01.

are missing following a landslide Rescue operations are being

:09:02.:09:03.

intensified, and geologists are warning that further landslides

:09:04.:09:07.

in the remote alpine valley, which is popular with hikers

:09:08.:09:09.

and climbers, cannot be ruled out. On Wednesday morning,

:09:10.:09:12.

4 million cubic metres of mud and rock poured down the mountain,

:09:13.:09:21.

destroying farmhouses in its path and ending up right on the edge

:09:22.:09:24.

of the tiny village of Bondo. Residents were they

:09:25.:09:27.

activated immediately. Helicopters plucked hikers

:09:28.:09:28.

from alpine huts and, at first, rescue workers thought

:09:29.:09:30.

everyone was safe. TRANSLATION: Overnight we received

:09:31.:10:03.

reports of missing people. We intensified the rescue effort

:10:04.:10:05.

and an army helicopter was sent out. Police have now confirmed that eight

:10:06.:10:08.

people known to have been in the region at the time

:10:09.:10:12.

of the landslide are Over 120 rescue workers

:10:13.:10:15.

are now searching on foot and with specialised helicopters

:10:16.:10:18.

which can detect These remote, steep-sided valleys

:10:19.:10:19.

are popular with climbers and hikers but they are also known for the risk

:10:20.:10:23.

of avalanche and rock slides. Some communities here have

:10:24.:10:26.

already invested millions Geologists are warning that

:10:27.:10:28.

in the coming days further The United Nations has called

:10:29.:10:31.

for a humanitarian pause in fighting against so called Islamic State

:10:32.:10:49.

in its Syrian stronghold of Raqqa to help civilians escape

:10:50.:10:52.

the increasingly deadly battles. The UN estimates that some 25,000

:10:53.:10:54.

civilians remain trapped. The war in Syria is in its seventh

:10:55.:10:56.

year, with rebels refusing to give up the fight against President

:10:57.:10:59.

Assad. Our chief international

:11:00.:11:06.

correspondent Lyse Doucet is in Syria and has just returned

:11:07.:11:08.

from the town of Suknah, the site of recent battle,

:11:09.:11:11.

and she joins us now What is the latest about the battle

:11:12.:11:26.

and the effect on civilians? We heard the United Nations trying to

:11:27.:11:29.

be seen to be doing something to end what is clearly a dire situation for

:11:30.:11:43.

civilians trapped in Raqqa. When they tried to escape they are either

:11:44.:11:49.

stopped by snipers or booby-traps or by Islamic State which wants to use

:11:50.:11:54.

them as human shields, or if they manage to escape they come under

:11:55.:11:59.

fire from US led coalition air strikes targeting the positions of

:12:00.:12:05.

Islamic State, including the boats they are using to transport fighters

:12:06.:12:09.

and weapons as they dig in for their last stand. This is the last battle

:12:10.:12:16.

it is believed to take back what was declared the capital of the

:12:17.:12:22.

caliphate. It is a very important call by the United Nations but the

:12:23.:12:26.

big question, as always, is whether all of the poses the United Nations

:12:27.:12:35.

tries to achieve in Syria, this time it might fall on deaf ears. You are

:12:36.:12:41.

in Homs, we have heard so much about it with so much tragedy in this war.

:12:42.:12:47.

What is the situation there? In the early years of the Syrian uprising,

:12:48.:12:55.

Homs so some of the largest protests and the heaviest fighting. Buying to

:12:56.:13:01.

me there are entire neighbourhoods lying in ruin. By doing surrender

:13:02.:13:15.

deals with the opposition and forcing them out, all of Homs is

:13:16.:13:19.

back in government hands and there are parts of the city where you

:13:20.:13:22.

would think they had never been a war at all. Swimming pools full of

:13:23.:13:28.

children on summer holiday, families walking in parks, Ferris wheels full

:13:29.:13:34.

of children laughing and playing as they would anywhere. But this city

:13:35.:13:38.

has been through a lot of hardship and pain. So many residents were

:13:39.:13:46.

forced to flee and believe with bitterness and anger and sadness

:13:47.:13:48.

that they will not be allowed to come back. What sort of strategic

:13:49.:14:01.

significance does Suknah have? It is a desert town in the midst of a vast

:14:02.:14:07.

expanse of Desert, left as a mound of ruins, and the 80,000 people

:14:08.:14:12.

living there fled the town when Islamic State stormed it years ago.

:14:13.:14:19.

Now there is almost nothing left but the Syrian military describes it as

:14:20.:14:21.

the most important victory this year. The taking of Suknah opens the

:14:22.:14:29.

road to the only province in Syria entirely under the control of

:14:30.:14:36.

Islamic State. Except for a besieged part of the capital city which is so

:14:37.:14:40.

held in government hands, also a Syrian Air Force Base, that is the

:14:41.:14:53.

next target. We saw people making their way ten kilometres a day

:14:54.:14:59.

across the desert. Thank you very much. Sorry about the problems with

:15:00.:15:03.

the sound just at the end. Let's take a look at some of

:15:04.:15:08.

the other stories making the news... 23 people have died

:15:09.:15:15.

in Brazil after a ferry boat sank en route from the Island

:15:16.:15:18.

of Itaparica to the coastal A survivor said he spent two hours

:15:19.:15:20.

in the water before being rescued. At least 19 others were killed

:15:21.:15:24.

in a seperate incident on Tuesday Brazil's government has abolished

:15:25.:15:27.

a vast national reserve in the Amazon to open up

:15:28.:15:30.

the area to mining. The area covers 40,000 square

:15:31.:15:33.

kilometres and is thought to be rich The government insists that

:15:34.:15:36.

protected forest areas and indigenous reserves

:15:37.:15:39.

will not be affected. Dutch police have arrested a second

:15:40.:15:54.

suspect after a rock concert was cancelled last night

:15:55.:15:57.

because of fears of an attack. Police are still questioning

:15:58.:15:59.

the driver of a Spanish-registered van that was stopped

:16:00.:16:02.

near the concert venue in Rotterdam, India's law minister says

:16:03.:16:04.

he welcomes a landmark ruling by the country's Supreme Court that

:16:05.:16:07.

says citizens do have a fundamental right to privacy The decision

:16:08.:16:10.

could have big implications for a huge government biometric card

:16:11.:16:12.

programme introducing personal More than one billion Indians have

:16:13.:16:14.

already signed up but rights groups are concerned personal data

:16:15.:16:18.

could be misused. It has been described

:16:19.:16:20.

as a historic judgment, one that could fundamentally alter

:16:21.:16:32.

the lives of Indians. Nine judges of the country's

:16:33.:16:35.

Supreme Court spent two years poring over arguments before delivering

:16:36.:16:37.

a powerful verdict. In its order, the Supreme Court said

:16:38.:16:39.

not only does the constitution guarantee the right to privacy,

:16:40.:16:45.

it is also an intrinsic part of an individual's right

:16:46.:16:48.

to life and liberty. Then it went on to say

:16:49.:16:50.

that there was a need for the courts to be sensitive to the dangers posed

:16:51.:16:53.

to liberty in a digital age, and the direct impacts

:16:54.:16:56.

for an ambitious and flagship government identity programme,

:16:57.:16:58.

the Aadhaar system. For the past eight years,

:16:59.:17:08.

the government has collect biometric data from more than 1 billion

:17:09.:17:10.

Indians, covering almost In return, every citizen has been

:17:11.:17:12.

provided a unique identity number that has now been mandatory

:17:13.:17:16.

when opening a bank account, filing taxes and accessing a host

:17:17.:17:19.

of other essential services. Many Indians believe it has

:17:20.:17:28.

given the government too much access and control

:17:29.:17:30.

over their personal information. Nobody should tell me that this

:17:31.:17:35.

is how you should live. The way I want to live,

:17:36.:17:38.

I should be accepted that way Privacy means live and let live

:17:39.:17:43.

and it is important for everybody because if somebody is always

:17:44.:17:56.

looking into your life it becomes stressful and you feel

:17:57.:17:59.

you are being judged. And there are some who believe

:18:00.:18:00.

the extensive judgment has For example, the surveillance

:18:01.:18:04.

architecture of the state here in India is growing

:18:05.:18:07.

exponentially and fast and it has been growing without trammels

:18:08.:18:10.

and so the fact that the right to privacy has been explicitly

:18:11.:18:13.

and by such a large bench laid down, and it includes

:18:14.:18:15.

information on privacy. -- and it includes

:18:16.:18:36.

informational privacy. The Aadhaar identity system

:18:37.:18:37.

was meant to cut red tape and curb corruption while delivering basic

:18:38.:18:40.

services and welfare But it has left many concerned

:18:41.:18:42.

that the data could be After today's court decision,

:18:43.:18:46.

the entire future of this ambitious A study here in the UK has

:18:47.:18:49.

revealed shocking levels of inactivity among middle-aged

:18:50.:18:53.

people in England. Researchers found that about 41%

:18:54.:19:02.

of those studied didn't even manage a brisk ten minute walk

:19:03.:19:04.

once a month. In the Derbyshire Peak District,

:19:05.:19:06.

the Stockport walkers I believe the weather

:19:07.:19:10.

is going to be fine. The beauty of walking

:19:11.:19:16.

is it is free, you do not Regular walkers will

:19:17.:19:22.

tell you, there are People like Liam Quigley,

:19:23.:19:27.

who joined this club after If you feel down, you

:19:28.:19:33.

come to an area like this, you get a few

:19:34.:19:41.

miles under your belt, and you go home and you feel

:19:42.:19:43.

100% better. Nothing seems as bad

:19:44.:19:45.

as it did before. Now Public Health England says

:19:46.:19:47.

too many adults are not getting enough physical activity,

:19:48.:19:49.

leading to hundreds of avoidable But walking briskly at around three

:19:50.:19:51.

miles per hour for just ten minutes each day can

:19:52.:19:56.

significantly reduce the risk of ill That is the advice

:19:57.:19:59.

GP Dr Zoe Williams has a smartphone app

:20:00.:20:07.

to measure heart own progress. But according to a survey

:20:08.:20:13.

of our exercise habits, Four in ten adults,

:20:14.:20:15.

between the ages of 40 and 60, are not managing

:20:16.:20:19.

to achieve ten minutes of brisk walking

:20:20.:20:22.

per month, which sounds unbelievable, and a lot of those

:20:23.:20:26.

people will be walking, but they are It is important to

:20:27.:20:29.

walk briskly, because that is when you start to get

:20:30.:20:32.

the health benefits. But for many, time is the biggest

:20:33.:20:38.

obstacle to exercise. Generally I would rather

:20:39.:20:40.

drive than walk, because I need to get

:20:41.:20:42.

there in We do go for a walk,

:20:43.:20:43.

but not briskly. This advice from health

:20:44.:20:48.

experts to do ten minutes of brisk walking every

:20:49.:20:59.

single day sounds simple enough, but many of us struggle to work that

:21:00.:21:03.

kind of activity into our everyday many of us struggle to work that

:21:04.:21:06.

kind of activity into our everyday If you use public

:21:07.:21:16.

transport to get to work, you could hop off a stop

:21:17.:21:19.

early and continue As you get to work, do not take

:21:20.:21:22.

the lift, use the stairs. If you do get a break

:21:23.:21:28.

during the day, for example a lunch hour,

:21:29.:21:30.

you can use that time Walking can help with weight loss,

:21:31.:21:32.

back pain, long-term conditions like diabetes, even reducing

:21:33.:21:36.

the risk of cancer. Now we're all being urged

:21:37.:21:38.

to get up and get moving. It's a figure too

:21:39.:21:47.

big to comprehend - Well, it's made one

:21:48.:21:49.

Massachussetts woman very happy - CHEERING

:21:50.:22:09.

That is the sound of someone who has won the lottery.

:22:10.:22:14.

She is the winner of the biggest jackpot in North American history

:22:15.:22:17.

and has come forward to collect her prize. I just want to sit back and

:22:18.:22:29.

relax. I had a pipe dream to retire in 12 and it came early. I work in a

:22:30.:22:42.

medical centre in patient care. I have called them and told them I

:22:43.:22:45.

will not be coming back. LAUGHTER

:22:46.:22:47.

The rate of melting ice in the Arctic has been worrying

:22:48.:22:49.

Now they're studying narwhals, one of the most mysterious

:22:50.:22:53.

ocean species, to help determine the impact.

:22:54.:22:55.

A new exhibition at the Smithsonian's National Museum

:22:56.:22:57.

of Natural History in Washington DC reveals some of their findings.

:22:58.:23:00.

Often called sea unicorns, narwhals are among the most

:23:01.:23:09.

Their frozen habitat has made them hard to study but, as the ice melts,

:23:10.:23:17.

these aquatic mammals are becoming more accessible to scientists,

:23:18.:23:27.

who hope to solve perhaps the biggest mystery of them all -

:23:28.:23:30.

the purpose of the narwhal's tusk.

:23:31.:23:32.

A lot of people think this tusk is a horn but it is not,

:23:33.:23:35.

And you are a dentist, which I suppose makes sense.

:23:36.:23:39.

And in this case probably a dentist for one of the most extraordinary

:23:40.:23:42.

The research we have been conducting for the last 16 years has shown

:23:43.:23:48.

tiny nerve connections between the outside of this

:23:49.:23:51.

tusk and its inner nerve, which is innervated

:23:52.:23:53.

That is one of many theories, although most scientists believe

:23:54.:23:58.

the tusk is used by males to attract females.

:23:59.:24:00.

This exhibition presents an overview of the latest research.

:24:01.:24:03.

It also shows how narwhals are changing their behaviour due

:24:04.:24:06.

to habitat loss caused by climate change, and how that

:24:07.:24:08.

affects the Inuit, who have depended on the narwhals

:24:09.:24:12.

The native folks have told us that they are changing migrations,

:24:13.:24:18.

that there are more instances of what we call entrapments,

:24:19.:24:23.

that is when the narwhals get caught when the ice is freezing up

:24:24.:24:26.

in the fall and in the winter it will freeze right

:24:27.:24:28.

So there are some pretty dramatic events which can occur.

:24:29.:24:40.

Scientists work with the Inuit to track and study narwhals.

:24:41.:24:42.

By fitting them with sensors, they are learning more

:24:43.:24:44.

about the diving patterns and feeding habits, migration,

:24:45.:24:46.

These sounds were recorded underwater but when predators are

:24:47.:24:54.

But even their breathing can be an unforgettable experience.

:24:55.:25:03.

I was on the ice and it was 2am roughly and I heard the breathing

:25:04.:25:07.

The water was still, it was tranquil.

:25:08.:25:17.

There was a light mist and fog and then hundreds of whales started

:25:18.:25:20.

surfacing and I heard this cacophony of breathing sounds all around me.

:25:21.:25:23.

There are approximately 180,000 narwhals living in the Arctic

:25:24.:25:27.

but climate change is opening the region not just to scientists

:25:28.:25:32.

but to commercial enterprises, raising the risk of pollution.

:25:33.:25:36.

And that could pose the biggest threat of all.

:25:37.:25:44.

Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some

:25:45.:25:47.

of the team on Twitter - I'm @KarinBBC.

:25:48.:25:50.

From me, Karin Giannone, and the rest of the BBC World News

:25:51.:25:53.

The best of the dry and bright weather the further south and east

:25:54.:26:15.

you are over the next few days. Low pressure is in the north-west,

:26:16.:26:19.

moving slowly towards us and bringing outbreaks

:26:20.:26:20.

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