05/09/2017 World News Today


05/09/2017

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The Trump administration is scrapping a scheme

:00:00.:00:10.

that protects some young migrants from deportation.

:00:11.:00:14.

The open-ended circumvention of immigration laws was an

:00:15.:00:16.

unconstitutional exercise of authority by the executive branch.

:00:17.:00:22.

Russia's President Putin warns that a military stand-off

:00:23.:00:25.

with North Korea threatens a global catastrophe.

:00:26.:00:29.

A new hurricane in the Atlantic strengthens

:00:30.:00:31.

into a potentially catastrophic category five storm -

:00:32.:00:33.

And the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge win their privacy

:00:34.:00:41.

Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:00:42.:00:59.

The Trump administration has announced it's scrapping a policy

:01:00.:01:02.

that protects young undocumented migrants in the United States

:01:03.:01:04.

The policy known as Daca was introduced

:01:05.:01:08.

in 2012 by President Obama, who wanted to give them

:01:09.:01:10.

It's estimated that around 800,000 people are affected

:01:11.:01:18.

The US attorney general, Jeff Sessions, said the policy

:01:19.:01:24.

was unconstitutional and an open-ended circumvention

:01:25.:01:26.

The executive branch, through Daca, deliberately sought to achieve

:01:27.:01:34.

what the legislative branch specifically refused to authorise

:01:35.:01:36.

Such an open-ended circumvention of immigration laws

:01:37.:01:45.

was an unconstitutional exercise of authority by

:01:46.:01:47.

The effect of this unilateral executive amnesty, among other

:01:48.:01:55.

things, contributed to a surge of minors at the southern border

:01:56.:02:00.

that yielded terrible humanitarian consequences.

:02:01.:02:04.

It also denied jobs to hundreds of thousands of Americans

:02:05.:02:07.

by allowing those same illegal aliens to take those jobs.

:02:08.:02:12.

We can speak now to the BBC's Richard Lister in Washington.

:02:13.:02:21.

In the President Trump are also policies. Some have been scuppered

:02:22.:02:27.

by the practicalities of Washington. Will this definitely happen? I don't

:02:28.:02:33.

think so, far from it. What he has done is he's seen over the past few

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months the political realities of this situation, which is the vast

:02:38.:02:44.

majority of Americans believe that these people should be allowed to

:02:45.:02:48.

stay. They have known no other country, for most part, for the full

:02:49.:02:58.

lives. He has made some statements about how he loves the Dreamers. He

:02:59.:03:05.

has campaigned on the fact that she will abolish this legislation and

:03:06.:03:12.

the Conservative people are holding on to it. He's pointed it over to

:03:13.:03:16.

Congress. Congress have been trying to do it is diverse and why. The

:03:17.:03:23.

idea they can do it in the next six months is optimistic. What are the

:03:24.:03:28.

politics and Congress? Plenty of a there represent parts of America

:03:29.:03:32.

close to the border, where there are thousands of immigrants. This is one

:03:33.:03:36.

of the reasons why this kind of legislation has never been passed,

:03:37.:03:41.

the Republican party is divided on it. Some of the comments today, John

:03:42.:03:47.

McCain, a prominent Republican, said that what was announced today was

:03:48.:03:52.

the wrong approach to immigration policy. Republican Congress manner

:03:53.:04:00.

with a opposing it you said that this would be political suicide if

:04:01.:04:08.

Daca isn't abolished. It is conceivably possible that Congress

:04:09.:04:11.

could decide that they feel that the American people believe these

:04:12.:04:15.

800,000 individuals should be allowed to remain. That's what

:04:16.:04:20.

Donald Trump came into office promising would never happen. One

:04:21.:04:28.

less thing to understand, whilst his process happens, will they be

:04:29.:04:32.

immediate consequences for any of these 800,000 people? Not really. As

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far as these people are concerned, if they have currently signed up to

:04:39.:04:44.

a two year work permit, which we all will have done, work or study, they

:04:45.:04:48.

will be allowed to sit out for these two years. They will remain in the

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US for that time. If their prominence are due to expire before

:04:54.:05:00.

that time, they have an -- until early October to renew. They have a

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two-year window to wait and see what happens. If Congress decides that

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they should not be allowed to remain after that, they are liable for

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deportation, even though it has been stressed they would not be a

:05:15.:05:16.

high-priority target. Our website has more

:05:17.:05:19.

on President Trump's decision to end Including this video

:05:20.:05:21.

about Jesus Contreras, who helped rescue flood victims

:05:22.:05:24.

after Hurricane Harvey hit Texas. Russian President Vladimir Putin

:05:25.:05:26.

says further sanctions against North Korea are useless

:05:27.:05:34.

and that ramping up military preparations could lead

:05:35.:05:37.

to global catastrophe. It comes after the US said it

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would table a new UN resolution on tougher sanctions in the wake

:05:45.:05:47.

of the latest test of Of the eastern coast

:05:48.:05:51.

of South Korea, today The commander of this fleet

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said they were training South Korea has held military drills

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for two days now in response Pyongyang claims it's successfully

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made a hydrogen bomb that can be fitted onto missiles capable

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of reaching America. At a UN conference in

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Geneva, North Korea's The recent self defence images

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by my country DPRK are gift package The US will receive more gift

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packages from my country as long as it relies on reckless

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provocations and futile attempts Those attempts include further

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squeezing North Korea's economy. But some don't think

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that's a good idea. TRANSLATION: The use of sanctions

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of any kind in this case is already As I told my colleagues yesterday,

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they will eat grass but they will not give up this

:07:08.:07:13.

programme if they do not feel safe. South Korea doesn't feel safe either

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and so were setting up this American anti-missile defence system designed

:07:17.:07:21.

to shoot down enemy rockets. And now President Trump has said

:07:22.:07:27.

he is allowing Japan and South Korea to buy more sophisticated military

:07:28.:07:30.

equipment from the US. He's also agreed to remove limits

:07:31.:07:33.

on these South Korean missiles. Lifting restrictions on the weight

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of the warheads they can carry. It's this country, South Korea,

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which has the most to lose Some people here even still have

:07:47.:07:49.

family living up in the north. They've heard these threats

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for so long now that they've almost And yet things are

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a bit different now. TRANSLATION: The experiment

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North Korea did this time was much larger in scale and so it

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makes me nervous. This woman says she is worried

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but she doesn't believe war Barely 50 kilometres

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from the border with North Korea, people here live each day

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with the knowledge that they are vulnerable,

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but with a strong belief that the peace that has held

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for more than 60 years In Harvard for us is

:08:26.:08:27.

Professor Graham Allison, who served as Assistant US Secretary

:08:28.:08:38.

of Defense in the first Clinton Administration,

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when they too had to consider what to do about Pyongyang's

:08:43.:08:44.

weapons programme. What advice did you offer them and

:08:45.:09:03.

what advice would you offer the Trump administration now? This could

:09:04.:09:07.

stars is different but if they go back to 1994, that was when North

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Korea was for the first time acquiring the mature real for

:09:17.:09:20.

nuclear weapons. It was believed at the time that I was there that we

:09:21.:09:27.

should offer two options to North Korea, eliminate the material we

:09:28.:09:33.

will do so by an air strike. I strongly supported that

:09:34.:09:36.

recommendation and even in retrospect I believe that that was

:09:37.:09:41.

our best choice. We knew, however, that in response to that North Korea

:09:42.:09:49.

could conceivably have attacked Seoul and initiated a second Korean

:09:50.:09:53.

War. This is the land of lousy options. He failed in Iraq and now

:09:54.:09:59.

North Korea has 60 nuclear weapons. -- we have failed. It has the

:10:00.:10:07.

ability to deliver nuclear weapons against Japan, South Korea and is

:10:08.:10:12.

just about to be able to secure capability against the West Coast.

:10:13.:10:17.

Today, given that North Korea has weekly weapons and the capacity to

:10:18.:10:25.

deliver weapons against South Korea, Japan, including American bases, I

:10:26.:10:31.

think a military option needs to make it as credible as possible.

:10:32.:10:36.

It's extremely difficult to make credible. I would have reservations.

:10:37.:10:41.

What did you make about China's statement that it would not allow

:10:42.:10:48.

war on the peninsula? South Korea and China are both saying they can

:10:49.:10:51.

think of four on the peninsular because it is almost a navigable. --

:10:52.:11:00.

think of war on the. But I'm in the business of thinking about the

:11:01.:11:04.

unthinkable is. The US couldn't imagine what against China,

:11:05.:11:11.

MacArthur couldn't even imagine it. Chairman Mao certainly didn't want a

:11:12.:11:16.

war with the US but it came. What they are expressing is there hope

:11:17.:11:19.

and aspiration that there would not be a war but also their fears that

:11:20.:11:24.

the consequence of the chain of evidence we are now seeing could

:11:25.:11:30.

actually end in a war. -- chain of events. Would you agree that what

:11:31.:11:34.

we've seen in the past few days is the evidence of the will's great

:11:35.:11:42.

powers to do anything about this? -- the world's great progress. Has the

:11:43.:11:50.

chance past? This is a good reminder that great powers are not as great

:11:51.:11:56.

as they might imagine they are. A little, isolated country like North

:11:57.:12:01.

Korea, if it is determined to do so, can build nuclear weapons and

:12:02.:12:04.

capabilities to deliver them. This also reminds us that the failures to

:12:05.:12:11.

act when you can act preventively lead you often to circumstance in

:12:12.:12:18.

which your options have narrowed and they've gotten worse. I think this

:12:19.:12:23.

is a case that gives us too sharp reminders of the necessity to try to

:12:24.:12:28.

deal with the stitch in time that saves dying or the action that can

:12:29.:12:32.

be taken at the point at which it can be taken. Interesting to talk.

:12:33.:12:36.

Thank you for your time. Life from Hertford. -- live from Hertford.

:12:37.:12:42.

Let's take a look at some of the other

:12:43.:12:44.

A row over how much money Britain should pay

:12:45.:12:47.

the European Union when it leaves will go on until the Brexit

:12:48.:12:50.

That's according to the UK's Brexit minister David Davis.

:12:51.:12:54.

He's been briefing MPs at the start a new session of Parliament.

:12:55.:12:57.

He said the talks had been tough and confrontational.

:12:58.:13:03.

A four-year-old girl in Italy has died of malaria,

:13:04.:13:05.

where the disease was eradicated several decades ago.

:13:06.:13:07.

Sofia Zago died in Brescia, in northern Italy, on Sunday night.

:13:08.:13:09.

Doctors are puzzled about how she contracted the disease

:13:10.:13:11.

as the girl hadn't visited any countries where malaria is common.

:13:12.:13:27.

Bangladesh has called on world leaders to put pressure

:13:28.:13:30.

on the Burmese government to take back Rohinja Muslims,

:13:31.:13:32.

who've fled the recent fighting in Myanmar.

:13:33.:13:33.

The UN says another 35,000 have crossed the border

:13:34.:13:36.

Our correspondent Sanjoy Majumder sent this report

:13:37.:13:38.

from near the border of Bangladesh and Myanmar's Rakhine State -

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where the vast majority of Rohingya Muslims live.

:13:42.:13:46.

These are the latest batch of Rohingya refugees who've arrived

:13:47.:13:48.

Lots of children, as you can see, a lot of women.

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They're exhausted, because whatever food they had to eat along

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But the biggest thing for them is, they've made it to relative safety.

:14:01.:14:06.

Now, over on that side is Myanmar's Rakhine State where,

:14:07.:14:09.

over the past few days, we've seen fresh fires break out,

:14:10.:14:14.

There's no way, of course, to verify this, and these people

:14:15.:14:18.

What they'll do now is head to any temporary shelter they can find -

:14:19.:14:26.

by the side of a hill, inside a building, just to get

:14:27.:14:29.

The biggest thing now is, even though they've got

:14:30.:14:33.

here to safety, what'll happen to them next?

:14:34.:14:36.

They have to be fed and then, eventually, they need

:14:37.:14:40.

to find some place to live, some place to build

:14:41.:14:43.

Sanjoy Majumder reporting there from the Bangladesh border.

:14:44.:14:50.

Just as the clean-up begins after hurricane Harvey, islands

:14:51.:14:52.

across the Caribbean are being told to speed up their preparations

:14:53.:14:55.

Irma is churning in the Atlantic ocean

:14:56.:15:00.

as a category five hurricane, the most severe designation,

:15:01.:15:02.

pushing towards the British Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico.

:15:03.:15:07.

The exact path is hard to predict, but many are now bracing

:15:08.:15:10.

With me is Stav Danaos from the BBC weather service.

:15:11.:15:22.

visit is dangerous. Wind gusts over 200 miles an hour, 185 mph sustained

:15:23.:15:36.

wind speed. This has put it into one of the top three strongest ever

:15:37.:15:39.

Atlantic hurricanes. This is seriously powerful. It is moving

:15:40.:15:45.

westwards at the moment and will continue to do so. By the early

:15:46.:15:52.

hours, 7am, GMT, it will make landfall across some of the Isles,

:15:53.:15:57.

potentially Antigua. The strongest winds are around the eye. This is

:15:58.:16:06.

the image showing have take the eye is. It is quite a small area in

:16:07.:16:11.

comparison to the size of the store but with this area makes landfall as

:16:12.:16:20.

we -- is where there will be devastation. How does it compare

:16:21.:16:24.

with Harvey? It's different. Harvey weakened as it made landfall and it

:16:25.:16:32.

almost stalled, it became and intense phenomenal rain event.

:16:33.:16:36.

That's why we saw such huge amounts of April. The wind wasn't really a

:16:37.:16:44.

problem. This system is dangerous because of the potential flooding,

:16:45.:16:48.

damaging winds, catastrophically dangerous winds. Also a significant

:16:49.:16:54.

storm surge, because the storm is so deep, the low pressure is so deep.

:16:55.:16:56.

One of the places in Irma's sights is Cuba.

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The BBC's Will Grant joins us now from Havana.

:17:00.:17:02.

Tell us about the preparations that I imagine are being planned. They

:17:03.:17:12.

are, at this stage they are mainly plant at a level of neighbourhood.

:17:13.:17:16.

-- been declined. Individual families getting ready. Cuba knows

:17:17.:17:20.

how to get ready for hurricanes but so far there hasn't been a huge

:17:21.:17:26.

amount of preparation at a Government level. A few days to go

:17:27.:17:30.

before it reaches Cuba and they are waiting to see exactly what the

:17:31.:17:36.

trajectory will be, I think. The story at this stage is further east

:17:37.:17:41.

than Cuba, in the direction in which the hurricane Irma is ticking. It

:17:42.:17:47.

looks set to hit some of the smaller Caribbean islands, Puerto Rico is

:17:48.:17:53.

getting ready and they look very likely to receive the product of

:17:54.:18:01.

this storm. Quite a lot, perhaps too many Cubans, banking on the fact it

:18:02.:18:07.

might lose some of its power between hereunder. Presumably, Cuba has a

:18:08.:18:12.

lot of experience dealing with storms. If it does come their way,

:18:13.:18:19.

this will not be a complete shock? Absolutely, in the past they've

:18:20.:18:23.

shown that they listen to the instructions, so if they are ordered

:18:24.:18:27.

to evacuate they do so. There are other difficulties in other parts of

:18:28.:18:33.

the Caribbean of people, particularly in rural areas,

:18:34.:18:38.

insisting to stay with their animals, that is not such a problem

:18:39.:18:44.

in Cuba because of the centralised Government and they control, they

:18:45.:18:46.

tend to do what they are told when told to do so by the state. That

:18:47.:18:51.

said, the idea of this hurricane would run along the northern

:18:52.:18:57.

coastline of Cuba, picking up our weather, causing foot soldiers, is

:18:58.:19:01.

particularly worrying. -- causing flood surges. If the storm does

:19:02.:19:10.

avoid stupor, we will have to keep an eye on it.

:19:11.:19:11.

Vladimir Putin claims that 4000 Russian citizens

:19:12.:19:12.

are fighting in Syria on the side of so-called Islamic State.

:19:13.:19:15.

Many of them have travelled there from the Russian

:19:16.:19:17.

Our Russia correspondent Steve Rosenberg has travelled

:19:18.:19:21.

to Dagestan to find out why people are leaving and what it means

:19:22.:19:24.

They used to believe that this is where the gods

:19:25.:19:29.

In Dagestan today, the battle cry is Jihad for people leaving these

:19:30.:19:43.

Artur Magomedov says his wife was drawn to radical Islam.

:19:44.:19:47.

One day without telling him, she took their two daughters

:19:48.:19:49.

and left for Syria to join so-called Islamic State.

:19:50.:19:55.

Desperate to rescue his children, Artur smuggled himself

:19:56.:19:57.

into Isis-controlled territory in Syria.

:19:58.:19:59.

To escape from the caliphate, they headed to the Turkish border.

:20:00.:20:10.

TRANSLATION: I picked up my little girl and told my

:20:11.:20:13.

The Turkish border guards were just 50 metres away

:20:14.:20:21.

We dived into an irrigation ditch and hid there with

:20:22.:20:25.

Then we escaped through some long grass and I saw

:20:26.:20:33.

TRANSLATION: My youngest daughter asked me later,

:20:34.:20:46.

how come everyone else has a mother and I don't?

:20:47.:20:51.

But I know the girls are still in touch with their

:20:52.:20:53.

It's not only from this house, this village that people

:20:54.:21:03.

Dagestan has become a key recruiting ground for Islamic State.

:21:04.:21:07.

The authorities here say that 1200 Dagestanis have

:21:08.:21:09.

That means that, relative to its population, this part

:21:10.:21:15.

of Russia has produced ten times more jihadists than Belgium,

:21:16.:21:17.

which is Europe's top source of fighters for the caliphate.

:21:18.:21:24.

What has been drawing Dagestanis to Syria?

:21:25.:21:31.

Marat says he was brainwashed by radical preachers online.

:21:32.:21:33.

He had abandoned his pregnant wife in Dagestan for jihad in Syria.

:21:34.:21:37.

TRANSLATION: I felt my sole duty was to wage holy

:21:38.:21:48.

It was just Muslims fighting Muslims.

:21:49.:21:58.

Some claim the authorities have made the situation worse.

:21:59.:22:00.

In this town, I'm shown the mosque of a fundamentalist branch of Islam.

:22:01.:22:08.

He admits that up to six members of the congregation

:22:09.:22:16.

But closing the mosque, he says, is no solution.

:22:17.:22:21.

When the young people are here with us, he says,

:22:22.:22:25.

But shut the mosque and the young people leave.

:22:26.:22:31.

Who knows where they go and what they are doing?

:22:32.:22:34.

Islam is part of the fabric of life in these mountains.

:22:35.:22:40.

But the kind of Islam the authorities want people

:22:41.:22:43.

here to embrace is an Islam that preaches tolerance and that

:22:44.:22:47.

supports the Government, so that Dagestanis won't feel

:22:48.:22:50.

A court has ordered a French celebrity magazine to pay ?100,000

:22:51.:23:02.

in damages to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge for publishing topless

:23:03.:23:07.

photos of the Duchess five years ago.

:23:08.:23:09.

The photographs, taken when William and Kate

:23:10.:23:12.

were on holiday at a private chateau in Provence, were printed

:23:13.:23:15.

On one side of the Channel today, there was barely

:23:16.:23:25.

a front-page without her - the Duchess of Cambridge,

:23:26.:23:27.

Her private life a cause for media interest, national comment,

:23:28.:23:32.

But when does interest become intrusion?

:23:33.:23:38.

In the Paris suburbs today, judges ruled that French

:23:39.:23:41.

celebrity magazine Closer did invade her privacy by

:23:42.:23:45.

publishing topless photos of the Duchess on holiday.

:23:46.:23:49.

The magazine Editor and Chief Executive were each

:23:50.:23:53.

fined 45,000 euros - the maximum penalty,

:23:54.:23:55.

C'est le montant maximum prevu par la loi.

:23:56.:24:06.

The Royal couple were also awarded 100,000 euros in damages.

:24:07.:24:14.

A high figure for France, but far smaller than the 1.5 million

:24:15.:24:16.

The lawyer for Closer described the amount requested

:24:17.:24:24.

as extravagant and said the private lives of

:24:25.:24:26.

the Royal Family were a matter of public interest.

:24:27.:24:32.

TRANSLATION: The photos showed a couple in love.

:24:33.:24:35.

And I'll remind you that in the case of the Duke's parents,

:24:36.:24:37.

we were led to believe that they adored each other

:24:38.:24:40.

by being given official photographs and it wasn't the reality.

:24:41.:24:43.

Here, at least, the photos aren't offensive and show

:24:44.:24:45.

It's in the public interest to know that.

:24:46.:24:51.

The Duke of Cambridge said the clandestine way the photographs

:24:52.:24:53.

were taken had been particularly shocking and all the more painful

:24:54.:25:01.

given the way his mother, Diana, had died here in Paris,

:25:02.:25:05.

In a statement after today's ruling, Kensington Palace described

:25:06.:25:09.

photographs as a serious breach of privacy and said the couple

:25:10.:25:12.

wished to make the point strongly that this kind of unjustified

:25:13.:25:15.

Last week, William went to view tributes laid to Princess Diana

:25:16.:25:21.

on the twentieth anniversary of her death.

:25:22.:25:25.

Having watched the media make both hero and hostage of his mother,

:25:26.:25:29.

the Duke of Cambridge seems determined to stop the same thing

:25:30.:25:32.

Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some

:25:33.:25:42.

if you have a smartphone, you can download the BBC at. I'll be back in

:25:43.:25:54.

half an. The weather over the last few days

:25:55.:26:09.

across England and Wales has felt

:26:10.:26:11.