08/09/2017 World News Today


08/09/2017

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Our top stories, Hurricane Irma continues its deadly rampage

:00:00.:00:10.

across the Caribbean, and now there's another hurricane

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In Barbuda where there's already overwhelming destruction,

:00:14.:00:19.

a mass evacuation is happening now to escape a second hit.

:00:20.:00:25.

Everything just started to decay and just crumble.

:00:26.:00:29.

What have you eaten in the last few days?

:00:30.:00:32.

Hardly anything because there's nothing to eat.

:00:33.:00:36.

Irma's heading for Florida, where those who can, are leaving,

:00:37.:00:41.

others are hunkering down and hoping for the best.

:00:42.:00:45.

This storm is wider than our entire state.

:00:46.:00:49.

And it is expected to cause major and life-threatening impacts

:00:50.:00:51.

We'll have the very latest from the affected region and we'll

:00:52.:00:57.

be looking at whether worse is yet to come.

:00:58.:00:59.

The worst earthquake in a century hits Mexico, dozens are known

:01:00.:01:05.

Also in the programme, some vintage education for China's wine industry

:01:06.:01:18.

as it looks to Australia for inspiration.

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Hello and welcome to World News Today.

:01:32.:01:35.

Hurricane Irma has torn across the Caribbean leaving death

:01:36.:01:38.

So far, at least 19 people have been killed and more

:01:39.:01:44.

The massive storm, one of the most powerful Atlantic

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hurricanes ever recorded, has passed through the Turks

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and Caicos and Haiti after causing widespread damage

:01:53.:01:56.

It's forecast to pass between Cuba and the Bahamas

:01:57.:02:01.

And there's another hurricane coming up behind

:02:02.:02:06.

Jose has strengthened to a category four, driving winds of a 200

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kilometres per hour, that's 125 miles an hour,

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and forecasters warn it could strengthen still further.

:02:20.:02:23.

Our correspondent Laura Bicker is the first foreign

:02:24.:02:25.

journalist to reach Barbuda, already devastated by Irma,

:02:26.:02:30.

where the islanders are racing to evacuate before

:02:31.:02:32.

The island of Barbuda was once a Caribbean paradise.

:02:33.:02:42.

Hurricane Irma has reduced it to rubble.

:02:43.:02:47.

The ruins lie scattered, torn and ripped apart.

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Having survived the worst storm in living memory, and

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knowing another is on the way, people are exhausted, hungry and

:03:00.:03:03.

I don't know, I'm just waiting to get

:03:04.:03:17.

evacuated from here and then I'm going to try and come back and try

:03:18.:03:21.

We are not coping, definitely not coping.

:03:22.:03:32.

Everybody will tell you the same, they are not coping.

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Everyone is in the same situation and nobody can help one another.

:03:35.:03:42.

We will get you off the island to safety

:03:43.:03:44.

The Prime Minister has travelled from neighbouring Antigua to provide

:03:45.:03:49.

He knows it is a race against time before Hurricane

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We heard him haggling for every boat,

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helicopter or plane to help with the evacuation.

:03:58.:04:01.

But fear starts to spread that not everyone

:04:02.:04:04.

This woman has been told she does not have a place

:04:05.:04:10.

The sheer, horrifying scale of the devastation

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here means barely a building is salvageable.

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That means the whole island will have to be rebuilt, and

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the government has already admitted it simply doesn't have the money.

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The Prime Minister knows he will need to find

:04:28.:04:29.

We are hoping that friendly governments and international

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partners will step up to the plate and assist us.

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They should not see this as a form of the Prime Minister

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and the people coming with a begging bowl, cap in hand.

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This is a disaster, a national disaster of

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epic proportions, and we really need external assistance.

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Fragments of people's lives lie in ruins.

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They can only hope that one day they will

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once again call the island home, but for now they must leave

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by any means possible, including this barge.

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And they do not know when they will return.

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The Netherlands is sending more forces to contain,

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what it calls, serious post-storm looting on the island of St Martin.

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Prime Minister Mark Rutte said more soldiers and police would be

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deployed on the island which is shared between France

:05:28.:05:31.

and the Netherlands, amid reports of people with guns

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On the line is Neil Crase, who lives on the island of St Martin

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and can tell us more about the situation there.

:05:43.:05:48.

Thank you for joining us on BBC World News. First off, what was it

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like? Well, the storm was terrible. It was unbelievable and a lot of

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people are left homeless. The big problem has been the after that with

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the looting you've referred to and the laws must. We heard this morning

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that tourists who had been sheltering in a damaged hotel were

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robbed at gunpoint. And mobs were going door-to-door throbbing peep

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hole. We've seen no evidence of these soldiers that we understand up

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on the island. In our area, we've not seen a single one. Speaking of

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the looting, do you think this is an opportunistic events or people

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desperate, are they trying to get food and water? Well, I think it

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started off may be aided the bit like that but this has been, in the

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end, organised. We had a total traffic jam of people trying to get

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to the supermarkets, which has been stripped bare. There was a whole car

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park full of people are not a sign of police officers. Saint Martin is

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split between the French and Dutch. The Dutch side being a little bit

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more industrious, do you think? Has there been more recovery efforts

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targeted here? Is that where the airport is located as well? Yes, the

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main airport is located here but it is unserviceable, as I understand.

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There has been a couple of small planes that have landed with relief

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supplies but that is it for the moment. Do you think there was

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enough preparation put in place? Well, obviously not. One would hope

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there was. There was quite a few days to get ready. We made our

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preparations. But the response so far, the roads are still blocked,

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which means we haven't seen any of that being moved, there's nothing

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happening. Nothing has happened. You are describing a situation of

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lawlessness, almost. That is the biggest problem. There are supposed

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to be a curfew in place, which they keep saying nobody should be on the

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road, and, yet, I am viewing people driving up and down! Very quickly,

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you describe the radio, how much information is coming to you from

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government officials? Well, today was the first day... There's only

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one radio station. Everybody's equipment was destroyed. There has

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been broadcast by the military commander. He is now in force. OK,

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thank you very much. Neal was talking about the island of Saint

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Martin, whether have been reports from the Dutch troop is of looting

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and although there is a curfew in place, as you were hearing, if

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you've just joined us, that is being ignored by the residents of Saint

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Maarten. More on this as and when we get it, of course.

:09:01.:09:01.

Hurricane Irma is now approaching the southern islands of the Bahamas,

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which are facing storm surges of up to six metres, or 20 feet.

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Nick Bryant in the Bahamas has been following the path of the storm

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The Turks and Caicos, where the palm trees that usually

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attract people to these islands reeled under the violent

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A storm people here had been tracking through satellite images,

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a monster hurricane that has looked terrifying from space.

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Now a horrifying, on-the-ground, reality.

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Picture postcard holiday destinations like the British Virgin

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This UK territory has now declared a state of emergency.

:09:40.:09:50.

The Bahamas is starting to be blasted.

:09:51.:09:52.

The only sightseeing this morning, from the relative safety

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of the balcony, watching the approaching storm.

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Old imperial buildings that have stood for centuries in this former

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British colony are braced and shuttered,

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Elton Smith had only just finished rebuilding his business

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from the last hurricane that caused such devastation less

:10:11.:10:12.

This is one of the worst storms in living memory,

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so you have to get as much together as you can and plan for the worst,

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There are five low-lying islands in this archipelago

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which the authorities are particularly concerned about,

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which is why the government here has ordered the biggest evacuation

:10:30.:10:31.

But there are fears already for people who have stayed behind,

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people who have defied those evacuation orders, people

:10:39.:10:41.

who believe they can ride out this storm.

:10:42.:10:47.

In hurricane hit Saint Martin, this natural disaster has been

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exacerbated by the man-made problem of looting.

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Which is why, in the Dutch part of this territory,

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the streets are being patrolled by troops who could be helping

:10:56.:10:58.

As for Britain, it has a ship loaded with aid off the island of Anguilla,

:10:59.:11:04.

but the UK aid effort has been criticised as too slow.

:11:05.:11:10.

RAF planes carrying equipment are now on their way.

:11:11.:11:13.

The constraint is about understanding

:11:14.:11:15.

What we don't want to do is rush in with the wrong kind of support,

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so from a military point of view, it's very important we understand

:11:21.:11:23.

the effects of the hurricane, where is open to us,

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where can we get to safely, and that is what we have been doing

:11:26.:11:28.

Now we are ready to make the right judgments about where we can most

:11:29.:11:33.

So far it is small Caribbean islands like Saint Barts that have

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been hit and deluged, but all the time, Irma is barrelling

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towards the American mainland, threatening destruction

:11:41.:11:42.

The governor of Florida has warned its 20 million residents

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that they should all be prepared to evacuate in the face

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of Hurricane Irma which is wider than the entire state.

:11:57.:12:01.

Half a million people have already been ordered to leave their homes

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and the highways out of the state have been clogged with cars.

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They are now calling this one of the biggest mass evacuations

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The roads heading out of Southern Florida are clogged,

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This is a storm of absolutely historic destructive potential.

:12:20.:12:27.

I ask everyone in the storm's path to be vigilant and to heed

:12:28.:12:31.

all recommendations from government officials and law enforcement.

:12:32.:12:35.

Nothing is more important than the safety and security of our people.

:12:36.:12:41.

At Miami's airport, people scramble for the last chance to get out

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Basically most of the flights are sold out so we're not

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The worst case scenario that we're going to get hit by a hurricane

:12:53.:12:57.

and it's terrifying and we're going to be stuck here for weeks,

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I had to purchase another ticket yesterday costing $8500 to go one

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way back to London and I've already paid once.

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So, I'm just hoping they're going to get me on this plane.

:13:11.:13:15.

The area of Miami normally packed with tourists

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is within the evacuation zone and has been left

:13:19.:13:20.

It's just extraordinary to see Miami's iconic South Beach

:13:21.:13:27.

as deserted as this, but it is an indication of just

:13:28.:13:30.

how seriously people here are taking the warnings,

:13:31.:13:33.

particularly having seen the type of destruction that's been wrought

:13:34.:13:35.

If they are coming here, it's to fill pillowcases with sand

:13:36.:13:44.

to barricade their homes before Irma hits.

:13:45.:13:47.

Donald Trump himself will be affected.

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His Florida resort, Mar-a-Lago, has been forced to close

:13:50.:13:53.

and is in the projected path of the storm.

:13:54.:13:57.

The National Guard has been deployed here.

:13:58.:14:00.

They're stockpiling commodities that could become scarce in the coming

:14:01.:14:03.

days like drinking water, but they're also preparing

:14:04.:14:06.

for what's likely to be a massive rescue operation.

:14:07.:14:13.

Right across this State, there's a sense that time is running

:14:14.:14:16.

Aleem Maqbool, BBC News, in Miami, Florida.

:14:17.:14:31.

You can read about the situation there on our website,

:14:32.:14:35.

And as if the destruction in the Caribbean wasn't bad enough,

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It's being described as the worst there in a century.

:14:45.:14:50.

It had a magnitude of eight and struck just off the Pacific

:14:51.:14:56.

Buildings shook in the capital, Mexico City, hundreds of miles away.

:14:57.:15:03.

The tremor is reported to have lasted about a minute.

:15:04.:15:07.

A bowling alley in Chiapas, the closest state to

:15:08.:15:13.

This is a country used to earthquakes, but not

:15:14.:15:18.

600 miles away, the tremors rocked Mexico City.

:15:19.:15:31.

Frightened, some people preferred to stay outdoors.

:15:32.:15:34.

Many can still remember the earthquake of 1985

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which was similar in magnitude, and which killed

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I never felt anything so scary in my life.

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It was small at first, but then it started shaking a lot and it felt

:15:49.:15:52.

As pictures have emerged from the most severely hit

:15:53.:15:59.

areas, the death toll has continued to rise.

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The fear is there may be more shocks to come.

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TRANSLATION: So far there have been 65 aftershocks.

:16:06.:16:11.

However, it's possible that over the next 24 hours we could see

:16:12.:16:17.

a shock that's as strong as the earthquake.

:16:18.:16:22.

In less than a minute, Juchitan's town hall was reduced

:16:23.:16:24.

to rubble and at least 17 of its citizens were killed.

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Daylight has revealed the extent of the devastation and the huge

:16:30.:16:32.

effort which will be required to rebuild.

:16:33.:16:35.

It's unprecedented for one Nobel Peace Prize winner

:16:36.:16:41.

to criticise another but that's exactly what's happened

:16:42.:16:44.

on Friday, when Myanmar's de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi came

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in for some fierce words from Malala Yousufzai.

:16:49.:16:53.

It's all to do with Myanmar's response to

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The Rohingya are a Muslim ethnic group in mainly Buddhist Myanmar,

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and huge numbers of them are fleeing the country, alleging

:17:03.:17:06.

atrocities on the part of the government forces.

:17:07.:17:08.

Ms Suu Kyi has't taken any action in the face of these reports

:17:09.:17:13.

and Malala used a BBC interview to call on her fellow laureate

:17:14.:17:17.

I have been hearing about Rohingya Muslims for a while now.

:17:18.:17:24.

And it is really disappointing what is happening there.

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And I think we can't even imagine for a second when your citizenship,

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when you're right to live in a country is completely denied,

:17:32.:17:34.

I think there will be political issues, and we can go

:17:35.:17:36.

into arguments, but this should be completely...

:17:37.:17:41.

Considered as a human rights issue, and people should react to it,

:17:42.:17:44.

governments should react to it because people are

:17:45.:17:45.

And we can't be silent right now because the number of people

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who have become displaced is in hundreds and thousands,

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and children are mostly affected by this because,

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firstly, education, completely they get deprived of education.

:18:00.:18:03.

They do not receive the basic rights they have from good food,

:18:04.:18:06.

good environment, and living in a terrorism situation,

:18:07.:18:09.

where you face these extremists around to you,

:18:10.:18:14.

and where there's violence around you is really

:18:15.:18:16.

We cannot imagine it for our children for a second.

:18:17.:18:21.

It's actually happening so we need to wake up and respond to it.

:18:22.:18:25.

And I hope that Aung San Suu Kyi, she responds to it as well,

:18:26.:18:29.

and also the global community of leaders also respond.

:18:30.:18:35.

In case you were wondering, the chairwoman of the Nobel Peace

:18:36.:18:40.

Prize committee has said it is not possible for a laureate to be

:18:41.:18:45.

Meanwhile, the statistics are beginning to take

:18:46.:18:50.

The United Nations now estimates the number of Rohingyas who've fled

:18:51.:18:55.

into Bangladesh from Myanmar as high as 270,000.

:18:56.:19:00.

Myanmar, for its part, denies any atrocities,

:19:01.:19:04.

and accuses Rohingya militant groups of triggering the violence.

:19:05.:19:08.

Our correspondent, Sanjoy Majumder's met some of those who've fled

:19:09.:19:11.

These are the latest wave of Rohingya refugees who have

:19:12.:19:17.

crossed the border into Bangladesh from Myanmar, staying now

:19:18.:19:19.

on the side of this hill, completely out in the open.

:19:20.:19:23.

Just look at the number of people here.

:19:24.:19:27.

We've had a huge spike in the numbers of people coming in.

:19:28.:19:31.

There are a lot of women here with families.

:19:32.:19:34.

A little baby here, sleeping out in the open.

:19:35.:19:40.

And over there, you can see their cooking their evening meal.

:19:41.:19:44.

Now, it's already the early part of the evening and the biggest

:19:45.:19:46.

problem is that there are no tents here, there are no shelters

:19:47.:19:49.

because this is outside of the main refugee camps.

:19:50.:19:52.

So they're having to live out in the open.

:19:53.:19:56.

Many of these people have endured tremendous hardships to get here.

:19:57.:20:00.

They've also gone through incredibly traumatic experiences.

:20:01.:20:04.

This family, they are from just across the border.

:20:05.:20:08.

It has taken them several days to come here.

:20:09.:20:11.

Tell me, what happened to your village?

:20:12.:20:14.

That was Sanjoy Majumder with the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.

:20:15.:20:45.

His colleague, Jonathan Head, is one of the few foreign

:20:46.:20:48.

journalists who's been able to visit Rakhine state in Myanmar,

:20:49.:20:52.

and we hope to bring you his special report in the coming hours,

:20:53.:20:56.

Here in the UK, it's emerged that a teenage girl

:20:57.:21:04.

who died from a brain aneurysm has helped a record number of people

:21:05.:21:07.

Jemima Layzell, from Somerset, died in 2012

:21:08.:21:12.

but officials have been able to transplant her organs

:21:13.:21:15.

Her parents say she would have been very proud of her legacy.

:21:16.:21:21.

It was just before her mum's birthday party five years ago that

:21:22.:21:53.

She had an aneurysm that had never been diagnosed.

:21:54.:21:58.

Doctors tried to save her life, but her parents were

:21:59.:22:00.

We had seen the scans and there was such a huge shadow

:22:01.:22:04.

on the left side of her brain and she would never ever recover.

:22:05.:22:08.

By chance Jemima had spoken to her parents about organ

:22:09.:22:10.

donation just a few days before she collapsed.

:22:11.:22:12.

When she died they felt they had to follow the schoolgirl's wishes.

:22:13.:22:15.

She did specifically say that she wanted

:22:16.:22:16.

How did that help you then make the decision when you knew

:22:17.:22:21.

It made that decision so much easier.

:22:22.:22:24.

It's like an automatic thing yes, absolutely because that's

:22:25.:22:26.

Five years on Jemima's family have now been told that her organs

:22:27.:22:30.

including her heart, lungs and kidneys have helped more

:22:31.:22:32.

Freddie is one of those Jemima has saved. He's been given weeks to live

:22:33.:22:46.

before he received her liver and a transplant. This week, he started

:22:47.:22:50.

secondary school. His family's message... Thank you doesn't seem

:22:51.:22:53.

enough. you're grateful that they actually

:22:54.:23:04.

stuck to Jemima's wishes and let her donate her organs

:23:05.:23:06.

which allowed our child to live, So it's really tough,

:23:07.:23:09.

but we can never be thankful enough. This month the two

:23:10.:23:15.

families will meet for the first time at a charity ball

:23:16.:23:17.

organised in Jemima's memory. Her parents know that

:23:18.:23:19.

not everyone would make the decision they did,

:23:20.:23:21.

but with more than 6,000 people waiting for transplants,

:23:22.:23:24.

they're now campaigning for more of us to

:23:25.:23:27.

register as donors. Let's go to the vineyards

:23:28.:23:29.

of Australia now. They have been phenomenally

:23:30.:23:38.

successful over the past 20 years, making it one of the biggest

:23:39.:23:40.

winemaking nations in the world. Last year, China became Australia's

:23:41.:23:45.

biggest customer for wine. And, as Hywel Griffith

:23:46.:23:47.

reports from Adelaide, China now wants Australia's

:23:48.:23:50.

winemaking expertise, Learning techniques tested over

:23:51.:23:51.

decades, these students hope You don't have to be a connoisseur

:23:52.:24:04.

to no turning grapes into wine can But by coming to learn in Australia,

:24:05.:24:09.

home to some of the world's biggest wine brands,

:24:10.:24:15.

they clearly see Probably I can be an assistant

:24:16.:24:16.

winemaker in several And then probably at the end

:24:17.:24:23.

I can have my own winery. So, do you think one day you can

:24:24.:24:31.

make Chinese wine as good as, maybe even better than French,

:24:32.:24:35.

Italian or Australian wine? But, I mean, they have

:24:36.:24:37.

a different system. We have very short winemaking

:24:38.:24:41.

history right now. The University of Adelaide has seen

:24:42.:24:44.

the number of Chinese students enrolling for winemaking decrees

:24:45.:24:51.

trouble in five years, drawn not so much by the weather, it seems,

:24:52.:24:55.

but by the booming local industry. Wine made here in the Barossa Valley

:24:56.:25:02.

is known and drunk around the world. Australia's the fifth biggest wine

:25:03.:25:05.

producer on the planet. It looks set to be overtaken soon

:25:06.:25:08.

by the sixth-largest, China. For Chinese winemakers,

:25:09.:25:12.

the challenge won't be the quantity Australia took decades

:25:13.:25:18.

to shake off the snobbery As China's wine market matures,

:25:19.:25:23.

these students hope they'll have a part to play and get to enjoy

:25:24.:25:37.

the fruits of their labour. Don't forget you can get

:25:38.:25:44.

in touch with me and some of the team on Twitter,

:25:45.:25:46.

I'm @LukwesaBurak. We have the weather coming up

:25:47.:25:49.

shortly. Good evening. We have had a bit of a

:25:50.:26:10.

taste for the weekend forecast of what we've had today, sunshine and

:26:11.:26:14.

blustery showers. I call weekend installer further showers and

:26:15.:26:18.

becoming increasingly windy.

:26:19.:26:21.