08/09/2017 World News Today


08/09/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News today. Our top stories... Karacan are continues

:00:09.:00:17.

its deadly rampage across the Caribbean. And now, there's another

:00:18.:00:22.

hurricane coming up behind it. In Barbuda, where is already

:00:23.:00:26.

overwhelming destruction, a mass evacuation is happening to escape a

:00:27.:00:31.

second hit. Everything just started to decay and just crumble. What have

:00:32.:00:36.

you eaten in the last few days? Hardly anything, because there's

:00:37.:00:42.

nothing to eat. You can't cook. Irma is heading to Florida, where those

:00:43.:00:47.

who can leaving. Others are hunkering down and hoping for the

:00:48.:00:52.

best. This storm is wider than our tyre state, and is expected to cause

:00:53.:00:56.

major and life-threatening impacts from coast -- our entire state. We

:00:57.:01:01.

will have the very latest from the affected region, and we will be

:01:02.:01:06.

looking at whether worth so much worse is yet to come. The worst

:01:07.:01:11.

earthquake in a century hits Mexico. Dozens are known to be killed. And

:01:12.:01:16.

we have the story of the girl who gave eight people life, after

:01:17.:01:19.

deciding just days before her death to become an organ donor.

:01:20.:01:36.

Hello, and welcome to BBC World News today.

:01:37.:01:40.

Hurricane Irma has torn across the Caribbean, leaving death

:01:41.:01:42.

So far, at least 19 people have been killed, and more

:01:43.:01:47.

The massive storm - one of the most powerful Atlantic

:01:48.:01:54.

hurricanes ever recorded - has passed through the Turks

:01:55.:01:59.

and Caicos, and Haiti, after causing widespread damage

:02:00.:02:01.

It's forecast to pass between Cuba and the Bahamas

:02:02.:02:05.

in the next few hours, before heading towards Florida

:02:06.:02:07.

And there's another hurricane coming up behind Irma in the Atlantic.

:02:08.:02:22.

Hurricane Jose is strengthening to a category four, with driving winds of

:02:23.:02:30.

200 kph. That is around 105 mph. Forecasters warned it could

:02:31.:02:34.

strengthen still further. Laura Bicker is the first foreign

:02:35.:02:39.

journalist to reach Barbuda, already devastated by Irma, where the

:02:40.:02:42.

islands are racing to evacuate before hurricane Jose makes

:02:43.:02:43.

landfall. The island of Barbuda was once

:02:44.:02:49.

a Caribbean paradise. Hurricane Irma has

:02:50.:02:51.

reduced it to rubble. The ruins lie scattered,

:02:52.:02:54.

torn and ripped apart. Having survived the worst

:02:55.:02:57.

storm in living memory, and knowing another is on the way,

:02:58.:03:01.

people are exhausted, I'm just waiting to get

:03:02.:03:06.

evacuated from here and then I'm going to come back and try

:03:07.:03:23.

and salvage something and help. Everybody will tell you the same -

:03:24.:03:27.

they're not coping. Everyone is in the same situation,

:03:28.:03:38.

and nobody can help one another. Don't worry, we're

:03:39.:03:44.

going to get you off the island and we're

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going to get you to safety,

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and you'll be taken care of. The Prime Minister has travelled

:03:52.:03:53.

from neighbouring Antigua Be patient, we're going to get you

:03:54.:03:55.

all out. He knows this is a race against time

:03:56.:04:00.

before Hurricane Jose We heard him haggling for every

:04:01.:04:03.

boat, helicopter or plane to help But fear starts to spread that not

:04:04.:04:07.

everyone will get out in time. This woman has been told she does

:04:08.:04:19.

not have a place on the next boat. The sheer horrifying scale

:04:20.:04:23.

of the devastation here means barely That means that the whole island

:04:24.:04:25.

will have to be rebuilt, and the government has already

:04:26.:04:29.

admitted it simply The Prime Minister knows he'll need

:04:30.:04:31.

to find funds from somewhere. We're hoping that friendly

:04:32.:04:35.

governments and international partners will step up to the plate

:04:36.:04:38.

and assist us. They should not see this as a form

:04:39.:04:40.

of the Prime Minister and the people of Antigua and Barbuda coming

:04:41.:04:44.

with a begging bowl, cap in hand. This is a disaster,

:04:45.:04:50.

a national disaster of epic proportions, and we really

:04:51.:04:53.

need external assistance. The fragments of people's

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lives now lie in ruins. They can only hope that one day

:04:58.:05:02.

they will once again call the island home,

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but for now they must leave by any means possible,

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including this towed barge and they don't know

:05:08.:05:12.

when they will return. The Netherlands is sending more

:05:13.:05:19.

forces to contain what it calls serious post-storm looting

:05:20.:05:30.

on the island of St Martin. Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said

:05:31.:05:32.

more soldiers and police would be deployed on the island

:05:33.:05:35.

which is shared between France and the Netherlands,

:05:36.:05:37.

amid reports of people with guns Neil Crase, a resident

:05:38.:05:39.

of St Martin, gave us an update on the situation, and told

:05:40.:05:45.

us what it was like Well, the storm was terrible, and

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the damage was unbelievable. And a lot of people were left homeless.

:05:59.:06:03.

But the big problem has been the looting that you've referred to and

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the total lawlessness. We heard this morning that tourists who had been

:06:09.:06:16.

sheltering were robbed at gunpoint. And that mobs were going

:06:17.:06:20.

door-to-door, robbing people. We've seen no evidence of the soldiers

:06:21.:06:26.

that we understand on the island. In our area, we've not seen a single

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one. Very quickly sticking to the looting, do you think this is an

:06:31.:06:38.

opportunistic event, or are people desperate? Are they trying to get

:06:39.:06:42.

food and water? Well, I think it started off maybe a little bit like

:06:43.:06:46.

that. But this in the end has been organised. We are only high point,

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we saw yesterday it of all traffic jam of people to the supermarket of

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the island, which has been completely stripped bare. The whole

:06:56.:07:00.

car park was for the whole day of people, and not the side of a police

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officer or anything. I understand that Saint Martin is essentially

:07:05.:07:07.

split between the French and the Dutch. The Dutch side being a bit

:07:08.:07:11.

more industrious, do you think there has been more recovery efforts

:07:12.:07:15.

targeted here? Is that where the airport is located as well? Yes, the

:07:16.:07:22.

main airport is on unserviceable at the moment, as I understand. A

:07:23.:07:26.

couple of small planes have landed with relief supplies, but that's it

:07:27.:07:32.

at the moment. Do you think, Neil, that there was enough preparation

:07:33.:07:36.

put in place? Well, obviously not. I mean, one would hope that there was.

:07:37.:07:42.

There were a few days to get ready. We certainly made our preparations.

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But the response so far, the roads are still blocked, which means we

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haven't seen anything being moved, there's nothing happening. You're

:07:53.:07:56.

describing a situation of lawlessness, almost. That's the

:07:57.:08:00.

problem. The roads are clogged. There's supposed to be a curfew in

:08:01.:08:04.

place which they keep saying on the radio, nobody should be on the road,

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and yet I'm viewing, you know, people driving up and down. A little

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later in the programme we will get all the latest from Florida, where

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the governor has won all 20 million of its state inhabitants that they

:08:21.:08:23.

really do need to be ready to evacuate -- has warned.

:08:24.:08:28.

And as if the destruction in the Caribbean wasn't bad enough,

:08:29.:08:31.

an earthquake has hit Mexico, it's being described

:08:32.:08:33.

It had a magnitude of eight and struck just off the Pacific

:08:34.:08:40.

Buildings shook in the capital, Mexico City, hundreds of miles away.

:08:41.:08:44.

The tremor is reported to have lasted about a minute.

:08:45.:08:46.

A bowling alley in Chiapas, the closest state to

:08:47.:08:50.

This is a country used to earthquakes, but not

:08:51.:08:53.

600 miles away, the tremors rocked Mexico City.

:08:54.:09:04.

Frightened, some people preferred to stay outdoors.

:09:05.:09:08.

Many can still remember the earthquake of 1985

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which was similar in magnitude, and which killed

:09:12.:09:13.

I never felt anything so scary in my life.

:09:14.:09:21.

It was small at first, but then it started shaking a lot and it felt

:09:22.:09:25.

As pictures have emerged from the most severely hit

:09:26.:09:35.

areas, the death toll has continued to rise.

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The fear is there may be more shocks to come.

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TRANSLATION: So far there have been 65 aftershocks.

:09:41.:09:42.

However, it's possible that over the next 24 hours we could see

:09:43.:09:51.

a shock that's as strong as the earthquake.

:09:52.:09:58.

In less than a minute, Juchitan's town hall was reduced

:09:59.:10:01.

to rubble and at least 17 of its citizens were killed.

:10:02.:10:03.

Daylight has revealed the extent of the devastation and the huge

:10:04.:10:06.

effort which will be required to rebuild.

:10:07.:10:08.

For more on this, I'm joined by a geologist who is an expert on

:10:09.:10:24.

earthquake preparedness. Thank you for joining us. First, what was your

:10:25.:10:28.

initial reaction when you heard about the earthquake in Mexico?

:10:29.:10:35.

Well, I remember the earthquake that hit my city in 1985, that was a huge

:10:36.:10:40.

earthquake, and more than 10,000 people died that time. And I was

:10:41.:10:47.

praying for the Mexican people. Where use a price that the country

:10:48.:10:51.

had been struck? Well, unfortunately -- were you surprised. Where it has

:10:52.:10:56.

taken place, the reason for earthquakes to happen, the plates

:10:57.:11:06.

are moving. Earthquakes happen where they happened. You have a lot of

:11:07.:11:13.

experience with Nepal. How did that particular earthquake, I believe it

:11:14.:11:16.

is the one in 2015 that we are talking about, that earthquake, how

:11:17.:11:23.

would that compare to what we're seeing in Mexico? Mexico's was

:11:24.:11:30.

stronger? Well, the Nepal earthquake was several times less than that of

:11:31.:11:38.

Mexico this time. It is a 7.8. But the death toll was 9000. And that

:11:39.:11:46.

was considered well below. You know, all earthquakes are different.

:11:47.:11:51.

Earthquakes sometimes behave differently, you know, the

:11:52.:12:00.

topography, the people, what is the exposure. I was going to say, when

:12:01.:12:04.

you say they behave different, do they behave different because of man

:12:05.:12:08.

being in the location of the earthquake? What is the greatest

:12:09.:12:12.

danger is Matt the earth man being there with these buildings and what

:12:13.:12:18.

have you? Right, the earthquake... It takes place, but when it causes

:12:19.:12:26.

damage, it is the man, it is the way that man lives there and constructs

:12:27.:12:30.

there. What is the exposure, you know. If the exposure is big and the

:12:31.:12:38.

vulnerability is there, the exposure is vulnerable, then the damage is

:12:39.:12:44.

big and the cost of the earthquake... Is there any way to

:12:45.:12:48.

prepare for an earthquake? The reason I ask this is that at the

:12:49.:12:55.

time of the Nepal earthquake in 2013, there had been some prediction

:12:56.:12:58.

that we would never have another strong earthquake in the poll again

:12:59.:13:02.

because of the timing, you note -- in the poll. We might have small

:13:03.:13:06.

ones, but certainly not of that magnitude. How long does it take for

:13:07.:13:11.

that accumulated energy in the earth's cost to build up? Well, in

:13:12.:13:18.

our case the relation is... The moment is about two centimetres per

:13:19.:13:27.

year. For a century, that makes it quite a significant build-up, and it

:13:28.:13:34.

releases. So one can never say that, you know, the earthquake is not

:13:35.:13:37.

going to take place. You never know, you know. Depending upon how long

:13:38.:13:47.

the rapture is taking place, it is the Earth... Do know, we were

:13:48.:13:52.

preparing for the earthquake, you know. Every eight or nine years, and

:13:53.:14:00.

earthquake effects Nepal. So we were preparing for that. But it depends

:14:01.:14:06.

on the preparedness, how prepared you are, how you build, how you

:14:07.:14:12.

live. And if you do not do that, you suffer. In the case of Nepal, we are

:14:13.:14:19.

not as prepared as Mexico is now, you understand? Although, the death

:14:20.:14:22.

toll here, I mean, the preliminary figures that we have seen of the

:14:23.:14:27.

deaths that have taken place, it is well below what could have been

:14:28.:14:34.

there. Thank you very much for your insight. More in a moment on the

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hurricane has linked towards Florida. -- hurtling.

:14:42.:14:54.

Freedom itself was attacked this morning, and freedom will be

:14:55.:15:00.

defended. The United States will hunt down and punish those

:15:01.:15:05.

responsible. Bishop Tutu now becomes the spiritual leader of 100,000

:15:06.:15:13.

Anglicans here, in the black Soweto township as well as the white

:15:14.:15:17.

suburbs. We say to you today in a loud and clear voice, enough of

:15:18.:15:25.

blood and tears. Enough. The difficult decision we reached

:15:26.:15:31.

together was one that required great and exceptional courage.

:15:32.:15:40.

It's an exodus of up to 60,000 people, caused by the uneven pace of

:15:41.:15:47.

political change in Eastern Europe. I am free!

:15:48.:15:59.

At least 14 people are known to have been killed by Hurricane Irma -

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with one organisation claiming that more than a million people have been

:16:09.:16:11.

The Mexican government says at least 35 people are dead after an

:16:12.:16:23.

earthquake shook the country's south. It struck just off the

:16:24.:16:29.

position -- the Pacific coast, and was felt hundreds of miles away in

:16:30.:16:33.

the capital. Let's get more on hurricane.

:16:34.:16:38.

The Governor of Florida has warned its 20 million residents

:16:39.:16:43.

that they should all be prepared to evacuate in the face

:16:44.:16:46.

of Hurricane Irma, which is wider than the entire state.

:16:47.:16:52.

500,000 people have already been ordered to leave their homes,

:16:53.:16:55.

and the highways out of the state have been clogged with cars.

:16:56.:16:58.

They are now calling this one of the biggest mass evacuations

:16:59.:17:01.

The roads heading out of Southern Florida are clogged,

:17:02.:17:05.

This is a storm of absolutely historic destructive potential.

:17:06.:17:08.

I ask everyone in the storm's path to be vigilant and to heed

:17:09.:17:11.

all recommendations from government officials and law enforcement.

:17:12.:17:13.

Nothing is more important than the safety and security of our people.

:17:14.:17:18.

At Miami's airport, people scramble for the last chance to get out

:17:19.:17:22.

But basically most of the flights are sold out, so we're not

:17:23.:17:37.

The worst case scenario that we're going to get hit by a hurricane,

:17:38.:17:41.

and it's terrifying, and we're going to be

:17:42.:17:43.

I had to purchase another ticket yesterday costing $8500 to go one

:17:44.:17:48.

way back to London, and I've already paid once.

:17:49.:17:51.

So, I'm just hoping they're going to get me on this plane.

:17:52.:17:54.

The area of Miami normally packed with tourists

:17:55.:18:01.

is within the evacuation zone, and has been left

:18:02.:18:04.

Just extraordinary to see Miami's iconic South Beach

:18:05.:18:08.

as deserted as this, but it is an indication of just

:18:09.:18:10.

how seriously people here are taking the warnings,

:18:11.:18:12.

particularly having seen the type of destruction that's been wrought

:18:13.:18:15.

If they are coming here, it's to fill pillowcases with sand

:18:16.:18:21.

to barricade their homes before Irma hits.

:18:22.:18:25.

Donald Trump himself will be affected.

:18:26.:18:31.

His Florida resort, Mar-a-Lago, has been forced to close,

:18:32.:18:34.

and is in the projected path of the storm.

:18:35.:18:36.

The National Guard has been deployed here.

:18:37.:18:39.

They're stockpiling commodities that could become scarce in the coming

:18:40.:18:42.

days, like drinking water, but they're also preparing

:18:43.:18:44.

for what's likely to be a massive rescue operation.

:18:45.:18:51.

Right across this State, there's a sense that time is running

:18:52.:18:54.

Aleem Maqbool, BBC News, in Miami, Florida.

:18:55.:19:08.

So, a clear message there to be prepared.

:19:09.:19:10.

You can read about the situation there on our website -

:19:11.:19:13.

A 13-year-old girl who died from a brain aneurysm has helped

:19:14.:19:34.

a record eight people, including five children,

:19:35.:19:36.

Jemima Layzell, from Somerset, died in 2012, her parents

:19:37.:19:39.

said she was clever, compassionate and creative -

:19:40.:19:41.

and would have been "very proud of her legacy".

:19:42.:19:43.

Officials were able to transplant her organs into eight other people.

:19:44.:19:47.

It was just before her mum's birthday party five years ago that

:19:48.:19:54.

Doctors tried to save her life, but her parents were

:19:55.:20:03.

We'd seen the scans, and there was such a huge shadow

:20:04.:20:10.

on the left side of her brain, she would never, ever recover.

:20:11.:20:13.

By chance, Jemima had spoken to her parents about organ

:20:14.:20:16.

donation just a few days before she collapsed.

:20:17.:20:20.

When she died, they felt they had to follow the schoolgirl's wishes.

:20:21.:20:24.

She did specifically say that she wanted

:20:25.:20:26.

And Sophie, how did that help you then make

:20:27.:20:33.

It made that decision so much easier.

:20:34.:20:37.

You know, it's like an automatic thing, yes,

:20:38.:20:39.

Five years on, Jemima's family have now been told that her organs,

:20:40.:20:50.

including her heart, lungs and kidneys, have helped more

:20:51.:20:53.

Freddie is one of those Jemima saved.

:20:54.:20:59.

He had been given just weeks to live before

:21:00.:21:01.

he received her liver in a transplant.

:21:02.:21:03.

This week, he started secondary school.

:21:04.:21:04.

Thank you - but that just doesn't seem enough,

:21:05.:21:09.

that they actually stuck to Jemima's wishes and let

:21:10.:21:17.

So it's really tough, but we can never be thankful enough.

:21:18.:21:31.

This month, the two families will meet for the first time

:21:32.:21:34.

at a charity ball organised in Jemima's memory.

:21:35.:21:37.

Her parents know that not everyone would make the decision they did,

:21:38.:21:40.

but with more than 6,000 people waiting for transplants,

:21:41.:21:42.

they're now campaigning for more of us to register as donors.

:21:43.:21:45.

John Watson has all the sport for us. James Anderson reach 500 Test

:21:46.:22:09.

wickets, joining the likes of Shane Warne and Glenn McGrath to reach the

:22:10.:22:15.

total. His 500 was soon followed by his 501st to remove both West Indian

:22:16.:22:19.

openers at the start of their second innings. The West Indies finished

:22:20.:22:22.

the second day of the third and final Test on 19-3. Of the

:22:23.:22:29.

floodlights, play continued long into the evening after early rain

:22:30.:22:35.

delays. James Anderson's 500th wicket was the landmark achievement,

:22:36.:22:38.

of course. The first English player to do that, just the third fast

:22:39.:22:43.

bowler, and after close of play he said he's happy to carry on,

:22:44.:22:47.

debated, energised, feels he still improving as a bowler. He also know

:22:48.:22:52.

that so what of work to do in this Test match. -- knows that there's

:22:53.:22:57.

work to do. It been bowler friendly conditions throughout this Test

:22:58.:23:03.

match. The West Indies resume on Saturday. They will feel they are in

:23:04.:23:06.

with a shout. Mind you, James Anderson, of course, will come back.

:23:07.:23:13.

You're always improving. I just try and soak up as much as I can from

:23:14.:23:20.

coaches or other players, and try and add that to my game, if I can.

:23:21.:23:26.

So, you know, it's endless how much you can do that. Kylian

:23:27.:23:32.

Mbappe-Lottin scored on his debut for Paris Saint-Germain following

:23:33.:23:37.

his much-publicised loan move, which is set to become permanent next

:23:38.:23:40.

season. He was an the scoresheet in the second half. Neymar added a

:23:41.:23:49.

third. They lead 3-1. He is expected to join him on a full transfer,

:23:50.:23:54.

making him the second most expensive player of all-time behind team-mate

:23:55.:23:57.

Neymar. Paris Saint-Germain on course to make it five league wins

:23:58.:24:01.

from five so far this season. Tennis, the first men's semifinal is

:24:02.:24:06.

about to get under way and there will be a new Grand Slam finalist.

:24:07.:24:15.

Kevin Anderson and Pablo Carreno Busta have never reached this stage

:24:16.:24:21.

before. Chris Froome has taken another step towards winning the

:24:22.:24:27.

volta is by no. Less than two months after his fourth Tour de France

:24:28.:24:31.

title -- Vuelta is by no. Chris Froome finished in the peloton more

:24:32.:24:39.

than 12 minutes later. There is just one meaningful stage to go before

:24:40.:24:43.

Sunday's ceremonial finish in Madrid. Andrew Parsons has been

:24:44.:24:48.

elected the new president of the International committee. The

:24:49.:24:50.

Brazilian beat three other candidates at the IPC General

:24:51.:24:55.

Assembly in Abu Dhabi earlier today. He succeeds Sir Philip Craven, who

:24:56.:25:00.

had headed the organisation since 2001. Sir Philip oversaw the growth

:25:01.:25:05.

of the Paralympic movement, which is now the world third biggest sporting

:25:06.:25:10.

event behind only the Olympics and the World Cup in terms of global to

:25:11.:25:15.

guess. That is all the sport. Back to you.

:25:16.:25:15.

STUDIO: Thank you, Tom. A reminder of our top story: Relief

:25:16.:25:17.

efforts on Caribbean islands hit by Hurricane Irma

:25:18.:25:19.

are being complicated by the imminent arrival

:25:20.:25:21.

of another powerful storm. Efforts are being made

:25:22.:25:28.

to rescue all 1600 residents of the island of Barbuda before

:25:29.:25:31.

the category four Hurricane Jose Don't forget that Florida is also

:25:32.:25:45.

preparing for the arrival of Hurricane Amer. You can keep

:25:46.:25:50.

up-to-date with that on our website. -- hurricane Irma. Also get in touch

:25:51.:25:53.

with us here at world news. You can find me on Twitter. Stay tuned,

:25:54.:25:57.

plenty more coming up shortly. Hello. We are still dodging some

:25:58.:26:13.

downpours this evening. But some of us will be turning drier as the

:26:14.:26:18.

evening goes on. Although overnight we will keep a feed of

:26:19.:26:19.