17/11/2017 World News Today


17/11/2017

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LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

I'm Lukwesa Burak.

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Our top stories:

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Robert Mugabe is under

growing pressure to resign.

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A rally in support of the military's

action has been called for Saturday.

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We will be bringing you the very

latest from our correspondent in

0:00:270:00:33

Zimbabwe.

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The president of the European

Council tells Brexit to speed up.

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While a programmer citizens rights

is being made, we need to see much

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more progress on Ireland and on the

settlement.

President Trump tweets

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about the sexual abuse allegations

surrounding Al Fraken, a Democrat,

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but Steve Silent on the allegations

towards Roy Moore.

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And Tesla unveils the prototype of

its new truck.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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The Zimbabwean leader

Robert Mugabe has been seen

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in public for the first time

since the military

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takeover on Wednesday.

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He's reportedly been under house

arrest but today he attended

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a university graduation ceremony

in the capital, Harare.

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Earlier the military said talks

with Mr Mugabe were continuing

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and there had been significant

progress in the operation

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targeting what it called

the criminals surrounding him.

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Shingai Nyoka reports from Zimbabwe.

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President Mugabe shuffled down

the red carpet towards his first

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public engagement in over a week.

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The 93-year-old leader remained

defiant, despite facing the biggest

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challenge to his decades long rule.

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Many hadn't expected him

to show up to a relatively

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insignificant engagement.

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With the authority invested in me,

I declare this congregation

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at the university duly constituted

as a graduation ceremony.

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Nothing on the surface suggests

that this is a crisis, and there

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is no heightened military presence.

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This is President Mugabe's

first public appearance

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and he's looking relaxed.

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But, then again, this

is no ordinary takeover.

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Following guns and explosions

on Tuesday night, many

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thought it was the end

for the long-term leader.

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But the violence has been replaced

by an almost surreal normal.

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Zimbabweans are new to this

and don't know how to react.

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In negotiations over

whether he should step down,

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President Mugabe doesn't seem to be

losing any sleep.

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There is no deal yet,

no exit package that

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President Mugabe and the military

could agree on.

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Sources suggest that he wants

to continue as a figurehead

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until the party's Congress in

December.

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The catalyst of this crisis

for President Mugabe has

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not been seen for days,

Grace Mugabe.

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Many suggest that she is

confined to their private

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residence in the capital.

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It was her ambition to take over

as vice president that set off these

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events and led to the sacking

of the Vice President.

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The army is there to

protect the Constitution,

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the Republic and everything.

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We veterans are there

to change things.

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The elections in Zimbabwe's

liberation war, a mass rally

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will be held on Saturday.

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It will be to pressure

the leader to go.

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The tables that President Mugabe

turned on so many of his wartime

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comrades are now being

turned against him.

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The party have already put in motion

a series of meetings

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to consider his expulsion.

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It has been suggested

that the military offered

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to sweeten the deal.

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Leave now, and face no retribution.

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It is not clear how long

he will hold out until the curtain

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closes on his career.

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Let's get the very latest now

from my colleague Ben Brown,

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who's in Zimbabwe.

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The latest line we are getting here

is that a vote of no confidence has

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been passed by his party, is any PF,

and this coming off the back of the

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war veterans, they also want change.

How significant is this latest line?

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I think that is really significant,

a that Zanu PF will gather across

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the ten provinces of Zimbabwe and

have voted no confidence. There is a

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huge rally in the capital on

Saturday, tomorrow, and that will

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put more pressure on Mr Mugabe to

stand down. This is the war veterans

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Association, the fighters who fought

the war of Independence, alongside

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Robert Mugabe, saying, come out into

the streets, in your thousands, to

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persuade him to step down. They had

simply had enough of him and the

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leader of the association says we

have to finish the job that the Army

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have started, the Army with the

military takeover on Wednesday,

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putting Robert Mugabe under house

arrest, even though, as we saw

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rather bizarrely, him actually going

to that graduation ceremony, even

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though he was opposed to be under

house arrest, putting on academic

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robes, hand and out degrees, as if

nothing has changed in Zimbabwe, but

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everything has changed with that

military takeover.

Why have the war

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veterans fallen out of love with

Robert Mugabe? They were a key voice

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for him.

They work, and so have a

lot of his Zanu PF allies fallen out

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of love with him. As you were

hearing in that report, Grace Mugabe

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was a key factor in that. It is not

just the fact that he is 93 years

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old. For 37 years, he has been in

power here. There has been critical

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repression and economic disaster for

many of those years. 2008, we had

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hyperinflation of billions of

percent. He has had serious problems

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with his rule before but now, he is

not only 93, but he was preparing to

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hand over power to Grace Mugabe, who

is 41 years his junior, but also who

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has been hugely criticised by many

people in this country for her

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flamboyant, extravagant lifestyle.

Gucci Grace is what a lot of people

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have called her, that was her

nickname. Zanu PF, the literary, and

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many other people couldn't stand the

prospect of him handing power over

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to her.

Zimbabweans are well-known

for wanting to the non-violent

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route, wanting to go through

dialogue, go through the courts,

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that is the Zimbabwean way, what is

the feeling about the rally on

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Saturday? Will people be turning

out? Is there worry on the streets?

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I don't think there is worry, ever

since I have been in Zimbabwe

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covering this crisis, it struck me

as being a place that is remarkably

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calm, relaxed in a sense. There is a

real tension here. And we have had

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those talks between the military and

Mr Mugabe which seemed to be very

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civilised, from the pig as we saw,

shaking hands, smiling, we don't

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know exactly what is going on. --

the pictures we saw. Robert Mugabe

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has been -- we don't know whether

resisting attempts or whether he's

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thinking of going. There could be a

transition, that is the thought here

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from many observers, transitional

government, including not only

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members of Zanu PF but some members

of the opposition.

We were hearing

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Rex Tillerson speaking of a new era,

many people saying any successor

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will be Zanu PF once again. What

sort of shape is the opposition in?

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The vice president who would be the

leader of the new government, who is

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Zanu PF, and fought alongside Robert

Mugabe, he has always been thought

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of as a strong man here, in many

ways, this whole thing is an

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internal power struggle within Zanu

PF. But the idea is, or at least

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this is one scenario, for example,

opposition leader Morgan Changi

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Riker to be the Prime Minister. I

think they are keen to join the

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transitional government becomes

about, and to be part of it. Even

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though they might be junior

partners.

Thank you very much.

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Our teams on the BBC News

website have been running

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live pages on Zimbabwe.

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They've now finished

for the day, but you can read

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through all of the events

as they happened, and join them

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again tomorrow, at bbc.com/news

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It's possible that

Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May

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went to a mini EU summit in Sweden

on Friday hoping to come back

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with some positive news

on the Brexit negotiations.

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But if that was the case,

then she definitely didn't hear

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what she was hoping for.

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You'll remember how the UK

wants to start talking

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about future trade relations,

but the EU has refused

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to do that until other

financial issues are settled.

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The earliest those trade talks

can start is December

0:10:230:10:25

but the EU President Donald

Tusk said won't happen

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unless much much more

progress is made.

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While good progress on citizens

rights is being made, we need to see

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much more progress on Ireland and on

the financial settlement. In order

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to avoid any ambiguity about the

calendar, I made it very clear to

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the Prime Minister Theresa May, that

this progress needs to happen at the

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beginning of December at the latest.

If there is not sufficient progress

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by then, I will been not be in a

position to propose new guidelines

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on transition and the future

relationship at the December

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European Council.

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So, some tough talking there.

0:11:170:11:18

Mrs May limited her comments

to a brief statement on the way out

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of the gathering.

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We agree that good progress has been

made but there is more to be done.

0:11:300:11:34

We should move forward together

towards that point where sufficient

0:11:340:11:36

progress can be declared,

and we can look ahead to what I have

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already said I want to see as it

deep and

0:11:390:11:42

special and comprehensive

partnership between the UK and the

0:11:420:11:44

remaining 27 members

of the European Union.

0:11:440:11:45

Thank you.

0:11:450:11:47

So, just to recap, the UK wants

trade talks to start,

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and the EU has flagged up

three sticking points.

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They are the amount

of money the UK will pay

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to meet its liabilities to the EU -

the divorce bill, so to speak.

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The status of

European Union nationals

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in the UK once Breixt

removes their existing rights.

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And what will happen

to the only land border

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between the UK and the EU -

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the frontier between Northern

Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

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The Irish government is clear it

does NOT want a physical

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border to be imposed,

but that could depend on the UK

0:12:210:12:26

agreeing to keep the existing

agreements with the EU on many

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things and that's proving tricky.

0:12:290:12:31

The British and Irish foreign

ministers met in Dublin to discuss

0:12:310:12:33

the issue on Friday.

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Here's a little of

what they had to say.

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We have 38,000 businesses in Ireland

that trade with Britain every single

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week and they need and want

certainty and may want to hear their

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petitions talking about trading and

future relationships. We accept

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that, but we also have very serious

issues, in phase one, particular

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around the border and the Good

Friday Agreement and we need more

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clarity.

Nobody wants to see a

return to a hard border, nobody

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wants to see a hardboard, we must

work on it, and we've got to on it

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together, and I think what I would

say to you is that in order to

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resolve those issues and get it

right for our peoples, it is

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necessary now to move on to the

second stage of the negotiations

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which really entails so many of the

questions that of wound up with the

0:13:350:13:40

border issue.

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So, once again, a common

goal, but two very

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different ideas on how to get there.

0:13:440:13:46

Our Europe correspondent

Adam Fleming has been watching

0:13:460:13:48

developments from Brussels,

and he sent this update.

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Just listen to Donald Tusk,

the president of the European

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Council, the man who will be

chairing that crucial summit of EU

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leaders in mid-December

where they will decide if the Brexit

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process can move from

phase one of the talks,

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about the force unrelated issues,

onto phase two to talk about trade,

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the future relationship,

and any transition deal,

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the stuff that the British

government really, really

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want to get its teeth into.

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He is prepared to do that.

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In fact, there are teams of people

quietly getting ready for that

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to happen here in Brussels but,

and this is a big but,

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Donald Tusk said that can only

happen if the UK gives more clarity

0:14:220:14:25

on some big Brexit issues.

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Namely, how you calculate how

much money did UK owes

0:14:260:14:29

as it leaves the EU?

0:14:290:14:30

They want specific commitments

from the UK on that written down.

0:14:300:14:32

How to avoid a hard border, in other

words, the physical infrastructure

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between Northern Ireland

and the Republic of Ireland,

0:14:360:14:39

which will have a big

impact on people's lives,

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the EU wants detailed commitments

from the UK written down.

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And here is the crucial thing,

Donald Tusk says all that has

0:14:440:14:48

to happen by the first week

of December if there is to be enough

0:14:480:14:51

time for them to prepare

for the summit to get onto phase two

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went it actually happens.

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It sounds like quite

a tough deadline.

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Let's take a look

at some of the other

0:15:060:15:08

stories making the news.

0:15:080:15:09

The former Catalan

leader, Carles Puigdemont has

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appeared in court in Belgium

in a bid to avoid

0:15:110:15:13

extradition to Spain.

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He left Catalonia at

the end of last month,

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following the region's unilateral

declaration of independence.

0:15:160:15:21

One of the most feared bosses

of the Italian mafia,

0:15:210:15:23

Salvatore Riina, has died

in prison at the age of 87.

0:15:230:15:26

Born in Sicily, Riina is thought

to have ordered at least

0:15:260:15:29

150 murders, including

those of the anti-mafia

0:15:290:15:33

judges Giovanni Falcone

and Paolo Borsellino.

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A number of people are feared

dead following a mid-air

0:15:400:15:42

collision between a light aircraft

and a helicopter

0:15:420:15:44

in south east England.

0:15:440:15:45

The crash took place around midday.

0:15:450:15:47

Both the small plane

and the helicopter had taken off

0:15:470:15:50

from the Wycombe air

base in Buckinghamshire.

0:15:500:15:54

An eighth woman has come forward

claiming she was groped

0:15:540:15:56

by the former US President,

George H Bush.

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The woman, who says she wants

to keep her identity a secret,

0:16:000:16:03

claimed the incident happened

when she was working

0:16:030:16:06

as an interpreter in 2004.

0:16:060:16:09

There's been no response yet

from the former president.

0:16:090:16:15

And staying with allegations

of sexual harrassment -

0:16:150:16:19

Donald Trump has now spoken out.

0:16:190:16:22

But while he could have

offered his thoughts

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on several individuals,

he chose to target a senator

0:16:240:16:27

from the opposition

Democratic Party -

0:16:270:16:30

Al Franken.

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It comes after a journalist,

Leeann Tweeden put this

0:16:320:16:34

photo onto social media,

dating from 2006, which appears

0:16:340:16:43

to show Mr Franken groping her

while she was asleep.

0:16:430:16:46

He has issued a statement

apologising for his actions.

0:16:460:16:48

Cue Mr Trump on Twitter:

0:16:480:16:53

The Al Frankenstein

picture is really bad

0:16:530:16:55

and speaks a thousand

words, said Mr Trump.

0:16:550:16:58

And he then added

that just last week,

0:16:580:16:59

Mr Franken was lecturing people

about sexual harrassment

0:16:590:17:01

and respect for women.

0:17:010:17:10

Now, it's worth pointing out that

Al Franken is not the only

0:17:100:17:12

politician whose actions

are being scrutinised,

0:17:120:17:14

but he IS the only one

Mr Trump is tweeting about.

0:17:140:17:17

The President did not,

for example, comment

0:17:170:17:20

on Republican Roy Moore,

who's hoping to win a Senate seat

0:17:200:17:23

in Alabama next month,

and has been accused of making

0:17:230:17:26

sexual advances towards

several teenagers.

0:17:260:17:31

Mr Moore denies those

claims, which he says

0:17:310:17:32

are politically motivated.

0:17:320:17:39

Although Mr Trump has not directly

commented on Mr Moore,

0:17:390:17:41

the White House has said

that the allegations against him

0:17:410:17:44

are very troubling and should

be taken seriously.

0:17:440:17:46

Who better to help us make

sense of all of this

0:17:460:17:48

than our correspondent

in Washington, Anthony Zurcher.

0:17:480:17:58

First off, Mr Trump not speaking out

against Al Fraken, -- Roy Moore,

0:18:000:18:06

doesn't that speak a thousand words?

Obviously, Donald Trump has more

0:18:060:18:10

sympathies towards Roy Moore,

although he didn't endorse his rival

0:18:100:18:16

in the primary in Alabama.

After-the-fact, he said he ran a

0:18:160:18:20

good campaign, he seems like a good

man, so he is on the record

0:18:200:18:26

supporting Roy Moore's candidacy in

Alabama. People who support Roy

0:18:260:18:31

Moore are Donald Trump's base. They

are the antiestablishment populist

0:18:310:18:38

in the Republican party so I think

Donald Trump is concerned that if he

0:18:380:18:43

goes against Roy Moore, he will be

once against going against his race

0:18:430:18:48

because Donald Trump had endorsed

its primary opponent. It is very

0:18:480:18:52

easy to go after Democrat like Al

Fraken and that seems to be white

0:18:520:18:57

Donald Trump was very quick, less

than 24 hours after the accusations

0:18:570:19:02

came out, Donald Trump was on

Twitter tweeting about it.

I

0:19:020:19:09

understand the state Republican

Party have said they are behind Mr

0:19:090:19:14

Moore's candidacy. What is the

actual National party saying?

If you

0:19:140:19:22

listen to Republicans are here in

Washington from Michaella Connolly

0:19:220:19:26

on down, they have condemned Roy

Moore. They say the women who were

0:19:260:19:31

using him of making sexual advances

towards them and even sexual assault

0:19:310:19:36

when they were teenagers back in the

1970s, that there accusations are

0:19:360:19:42

credible, they are women that have

come forward separately, they don't

0:19:420:19:46

know each other, so the idea that

this could use some sort of

0:19:460:19:52

conspiracy, as Roy Moore has

alleged, seem very far-fetched. Even

0:19:520:19:56

some Republicans have said that if

Roy Moore happens to win in

0:19:560:20:00

December, on December 12, and gets

to the Senate, they will try to

0:20:000:20:05

expel him as quickly as possible so

he doesn't have much support in the

0:20:050:20:10

National Republican party. The irony

is he never do it. Mitch McConnell

0:20:100:20:14

and want him to win the nomination.

He has always been an outsider

0:20:140:20:19

riding against the establishment so

nothing much has changed there.

I

0:20:190:20:24

understand the matter with Al Fraken

has been reported to the ethics

0:20:240:20:27

committee, is the same thing

happening with Roy Moore?

He would

0:20:270:20:31

have to win his election first and

if he made it to the Senate and that

0:20:310:20:38

would something the said committee

could review. Someone who represents

0:20:380:20:42

one of the uses of Roy Moore said

the Senate would look into it in a

0:20:420:20:48

separate investigation but the idea

that the Senate would start holding

0:20:480:20:52

hearings on Roy Moore before he wins

an election, that is a bit unlikely.

0:20:520:20:58

As far as Al Fraken goes, we are

hearing that people on the left and

0:20:580:21:04

right within Congress say this is

something that should be handled by

0:21:040:21:08

an ethical investigation. We aren't

hearing nearly as many politicians

0:21:080:21:11

for Al Fraken to resign.

We'll leave

it there. Just to remind you, that

0:21:110:21:18

vote will be taking place on

December 12 and BBC World News will

0:21:180:21:23

be watching that closely and

bringing it to you.

0:21:230:21:28

Now a story to make your

stomach turn - quite literally.

0:21:280:21:30

The doctors who've been treating

the North Korean soldier who fled

0:21:300:21:33

across the demilitarized zone

with South Korea say their efforts

0:21:330:21:35

are being hampered by an extremely

high level of parasites

0:21:350:21:38

in his intestines.

0:21:380:21:41

The discovery is being put down

to the way North Korea

0:21:410:21:43

produces its food.

0:21:430:21:45

Philippa Thomas reports.

0:21:450:21:48

That soldiers in North Korea

have a pretty grim life

0:21:480:21:51

has long been obvious.

0:21:510:21:54

Tough military duty on a diet that

doesn't provide enough nutrition.

0:21:540:22:04

Now, the case of a defecting soldier

shot by his own side while escaping,

0:22:120:22:15

has given a remarkable

0:22:150:22:16

insight into just how bad

conditions are in the North.

0:22:160:22:18

His doctors in South Korea have

displayed photos showing dozens

0:22:180:22:21

of flesh coloured parasites,

one was 27 centimetres long,

0:22:210:22:23

removed during a series

of operations to save his life.

0:22:230:22:28

TRANSLATION: In my over 20 year

career as a surgeon,

0:22:280:22:31

I have only seen something like this

in a textbook.

0:22:310:22:35

So, how could the parasites

have taken hold?

0:22:350:22:37

Experts believe diminishing supplies

of chemical fertiliser have led

0:22:370:22:39

North Korean farmers to find

a solution little closer to home.

0:22:390:22:49

TRANSLATION: They need fertiliser

to continue farming.

0:22:520:22:54

However, due to the lack

of fertiliser, North Koreans

0:22:540:22:56

fertilise their fields

with human excrement.

0:22:560:22:58

And this becomes an immediate cause

of a parasitic infection.

0:22:580:23:01

The World Food Programme says

a quarter of North Korean young

0:23:010:23:04

children who receive its help suffer

from chronic malnutrition.

0:23:040:23:11

The fact a carefully vetted border

guard is in such poor condition

0:23:110:23:14

shows the sheer scale of deprivation

the country is now facing.

0:23:140:23:20

The head of the electric vehicle

vehicle maker Tesla,

0:23:200:23:23

Elon Musk, has unveiled his

two latest models, including

0:23:230:23:26

the company's first large truck.

0:23:260:23:28

It's still a prototype but it it's

claimed it could travel

0:23:280:23:31

up to 500 miles on a single charge,

though it's not clear how much cargo

0:23:310:23:35

it could carry for that distance.

0:23:350:23:36

Tesla also have a new

sports car on show,

0:23:360:23:38

as our business correspondent

Theo Leggett reports.

0:23:380:23:45

It certainly looked the part -

emerging gleaming out

0:23:460:23:48

of the darkness, appearing every

inch the king of the road.

0:23:480:23:54

This is the new Tesla Semi,

a big rig trailer that

0:23:540:23:56

Silicon Valley entrepreneur

Elon Musk thinks can revolutionise

0:23:560:24:00

the haulage industry.

0:24:000:24:09

The thing that looks like it is not

moving izzard easel truck. -- diesel

0:24:090:24:16

truck.

0:24:160:24:18

Tesla has made its name producing

high-end electric cars,

0:24:180:24:20

and this is an all electric truck.

0:24:200:24:22

So will it leave conventional

lorries struggling in its wake?

0:24:220:24:25

Tesla has high hopes

for its new zero emissions lorry.

0:24:250:24:27

For a start, it will be equipped

with self-driving technology so that

0:24:270:24:30

one day, convoys of trucks will be

able to travel close together.

0:24:300:24:33

In theory, that should reduce

running costs and improve safety.

0:24:330:24:35

Tesla says it will also be

cheaper to run per mile

0:24:350:24:38

than conventional models.

0:24:380:24:39

But it will only have

a range of 500 miles.

0:24:390:24:41

Existing lorries can do double that

on a single tank of diesel.

0:24:410:24:44

And the technology as yet

is still relatively unproven.

0:24:440:24:48

Tesla will be able to

make its electric Semi.

0:24:480:24:52

Whether they'll be able to make it

at scale and to the production

0:24:520:24:56

timetables that they set out is very

much in question.

0:24:560:24:59

They haven't been able to do it

on any of their models so far.

0:24:590:25:02

Assuming the new lorry can be

produced in numbers,

0:25:020:25:04

will hauliers actually

want to buy it?

0:25:040:25:07

Tesla is promising low running costs

and a high degree of driver comfort,

0:25:070:25:11

but that may not be enough.

0:25:110:25:14

The problem with electric

lorries is the price point.

0:25:140:25:16

A new lorry, a diesel lorry,

costs us £85,000 each at the moment.

0:25:160:25:20

These new Teslas are probably going

to be around the £200,000 mark.

0:25:200:25:25

That's way beyond the budget

of most hauliers in the UK.

0:25:250:25:29

Tesla is already struggling to turn

itself from a niche luxury car-maker

0:25:290:25:33

into a mass-market producer

with its new Model 3.

0:25:330:25:37

And hidden in the back

of the electric lorry was yet

0:25:370:25:39

another new project,

a hi-tech roadster which Tesla says

0:25:390:25:42

will be the quickest

production car on the planet.

0:25:420:25:47

Now analysts are worried

the company may be trying

0:25:470:25:49

to go too for too fast.

0:25:490:25:51

Theo Leggett, BBC News.

0:25:510:25:57

Plenty more on

0:25:570:26:00

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