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This is BBC World News Today.
I'm Lukwesa Burak.
Our top stories:
Robert Mugabe is under
growing pressure to resign.
A rally in support of the military's
action has been called for Saturday.
We will be bringing you the very
latest from our correspondent in
The president of the European
Council tells Brexit to speed up.
While a programmer citizens rights
is being made, we need to see much
more progress on Ireland and on the
President Trump tweets
about the sexual abuse allegations
surrounding Al Fraken, a Democrat,
but Steve Silent on the allegations
towards Roy Moore.
And Tesla unveils the prototype of
its new truck.
Hello and welcome
to World News Today.
The Zimbabwean leader
Robert Mugabe has been seen
in public for the first time
since the military
takeover on Wednesday.
He's reportedly been under house
arrest but today he attended
a university graduation ceremony
in the capital, Harare.
Earlier the military said talks
with Mr Mugabe were continuing
and there had been significant
progress in the operation
targeting what it called
the criminals surrounding him.
Shingai Nyoka reports from Zimbabwe.
President Mugabe shuffled down
the red carpet towards his first
public engagement in over a week.
The 93-year-old leader remained
defiant, despite facing the biggest
challenge to his decades long rule.
Many hadn't expected him
to show up to a relatively
With the authority invested in me,
I declare this congregation
at the university duly constituted
as a graduation ceremony.
Nothing on the surface suggests
that this is a crisis, and there
is no heightened military presence.
This is President Mugabe's
first public appearance
and he's looking relaxed.
But, then again, this
is no ordinary takeover.
Following guns and explosions
on Tuesday night, many
thought it was the end
for the long-term leader.
But the violence has been replaced
by an almost surreal normal.
Zimbabweans are new to this
and don't know how to react.
In negotiations over
whether he should step down,
President Mugabe doesn't seem to be
losing any sleep.
There is no deal yet,
no exit package that
President Mugabe and the military
could agree on.
Sources suggest that he wants
to continue as a figurehead
until the party's Congress in
The catalyst of this crisis
for President Mugabe has
not been seen for days,
Many suggest that she is
confined to their private
residence in the capital.
It was her ambition to take over
as vice president that set off these
events and led to the sacking
of the Vice President.
The army is there to
protect the Constitution,
the Republic and everything.
We veterans are there
to change things.
The elections in Zimbabwe's
liberation war, a mass rally
will be held on Saturday.
It will be to pressure
the leader to go.
The tables that President Mugabe
turned on so many of his wartime
comrades are now being
turned against him.
The party have already put in motion
a series of meetings
to consider his expulsion.
It has been suggested
that the military offered
to sweeten the deal.
Leave now, and face no retribution.
It is not clear how long
he will hold out until the curtain
closes on his career.
Let's get the very latest now
from my colleague Ben Brown,
who's in Zimbabwe.
The latest line we are getting here
is that a vote of no confidence has
been passed by his party, is any PF,
and this coming off the back of the
war veterans, they also want change.
How significant is this latest line?
I think that is really significant,
a that Zanu PF will gather across
the ten provinces of Zimbabwe and
have voted no confidence. There is a
huge rally in the capital on
Saturday, tomorrow, and that will
put more pressure on Mr Mugabe to
stand down. This is the war veterans
Association, the fighters who fought
the war of Independence, alongside
Robert Mugabe, saying, come out into
the streets, in your thousands, to
persuade him to step down. They had
simply had enough of him and the
leader of the association says we
have to finish the job that the Army
have started, the Army with the
military takeover on Wednesday,
putting Robert Mugabe under house
arrest, even though, as we saw
rather bizarrely, him actually going
to that graduation ceremony, even
though he was opposed to be under
house arrest, putting on academic
robes, hand and out degrees, as if
nothing has changed in Zimbabwe, but
everything has changed with that
Why have the war
veterans fallen out of love with
Robert Mugabe? They were a key voice
They work, and so have a
lot of his Zanu PF allies fallen out
of love with him. As you were
hearing in that report, Grace Mugabe
was a key factor in that. It is not
just the fact that he is 93 years
old. For 37 years, he has been in
power here. There has been critical
repression and economic disaster for
many of those years. 2008, we had
hyperinflation of billions of
percent. He has had serious problems
with his rule before but now, he is
not only 93, but he was preparing to
hand over power to Grace Mugabe, who
is 41 years his junior, but also who
has been hugely criticised by many
people in this country for her
flamboyant, extravagant lifestyle.
Gucci Grace is what a lot of people
have called her, that was her
nickname. Zanu PF, the literary, and
many other people couldn't stand the
prospect of him handing power over
Zimbabweans are well-known
for wanting to the non-violent
route, wanting to go through
dialogue, go through the courts,
that is the Zimbabwean way, what is
the feeling about the rally on
Saturday? Will people be turning
out? Is there worry on the streets?
I don't think there is worry, ever
since I have been in Zimbabwe
covering this crisis, it struck me
as being a place that is remarkably
calm, relaxed in a sense. There is a
real tension here. And we have had
those talks between the military and
Mr Mugabe which seemed to be very
civilised, from the pig as we saw,
shaking hands, smiling, we don't
know exactly what is going on. --
the pictures we saw. Robert Mugabe
has been -- we don't know whether
resisting attempts or whether he's
thinking of going. There could be a
transition, that is the thought here
from many observers, transitional
government, including not only
members of Zanu PF but some members
of the opposition.
We were hearing
Rex Tillerson speaking of a new era,
many people saying any successor
will be Zanu PF once again. What
sort of shape is the opposition in?
The vice president who would be the
leader of the new government, who is
Zanu PF, and fought alongside Robert
Mugabe, he has always been thought
of as a strong man here, in many
ways, this whole thing is an
internal power struggle within Zanu
PF. But the idea is, or at least
this is one scenario, for example,
opposition leader Morgan Changi
Riker to be the Prime Minister. I
think they are keen to join the
transitional government becomes
about, and to be part of it. Even
though they might be junior
Thank you very much.
Our teams on the BBC News
website have been running
live pages on Zimbabwe.
They've now finished
for the day, but you can read
through all of the events
as they happened, and join them
again tomorrow, at bbc.com/news
It's possible that
Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May
went to a mini EU summit in Sweden
on Friday hoping to come back
with some positive news
on the Brexit negotiations.
But if that was the case,
then she definitely didn't hear
what she was hoping for.
You'll remember how the UK
wants to start talking
about future trade relations,
but the EU has refused
to do that until other
financial issues are settled.
The earliest those trade talks
can start is December
but the EU President Donald
Tusk said won't happen
unless much much more
progress is made.
While good progress on citizens
rights is being made, we need to see
much more progress on Ireland and on
the financial settlement. In order
to avoid any ambiguity about the
calendar, I made it very clear to
the Prime Minister Theresa May, that
this progress needs to happen at the
beginning of December at the latest.
If there is not sufficient progress
by then, I will been not be in a
position to propose new guidelines
on transition and the future
relationship at the December
So, some tough talking there.
Mrs May limited her comments
to a brief statement on the way out
of the gathering.
We agree that good progress has been
made but there is more to be done.
We should move forward together
towards that point where sufficient
progress can be declared,
and we can look ahead to what I have
already said I want to see as it
special and comprehensive
partnership between the UK and the
remaining 27 members
of the European Union.
So, just to recap, the UK wants
trade talks to start,
and the EU has flagged up
three sticking points.
They are the amount
of money the UK will pay
to meet its liabilities to the EU -
the divorce bill, so to speak.
The status of
European Union nationals
in the UK once Breixt
removes their existing rights.
And what will happen
to the only land border
between the UK and the EU -
the frontier between Northern
Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
The Irish government is clear it
does NOT want a physical
border to be imposed,
but that could depend on the UK
agreeing to keep the existing
agreements with the EU on many
things and that's proving tricky.
The British and Irish foreign
ministers met in Dublin to discuss
the issue on Friday.
Here's a little of
what they had to say.
We have 38,000 businesses in Ireland
that trade with Britain every single
week and they need and want
certainty and may want to hear their
petitions talking about trading and
future relationships. We accept
that, but we also have very serious
issues, in phase one, particular
around the border and the Good
Friday Agreement and we need more
Nobody wants to see a
return to a hard border, nobody
wants to see a hardboard, we must
work on it, and we've got to on it
together, and I think what I would
say to you is that in order to
resolve those issues and get it
right for our peoples, it is
necessary now to move on to the
second stage of the negotiations
which really entails so many of the
questions that of wound up with the
So, once again, a common
goal, but two very
different ideas on how to get there.
Our Europe correspondent
Adam Fleming has been watching
developments from Brussels,
and he sent this update.
Just listen to Donald Tusk,
the president of the European
Council, the man who will be
chairing that crucial summit of EU
leaders in mid-December
where they will decide if the Brexit
process can move from
phase one of the talks,
about the force unrelated issues,
onto phase two to talk about trade,
the future relationship,
and any transition deal,
the stuff that the British
government really, really
want to get its teeth into.
He is prepared to do that.
In fact, there are teams of people
quietly getting ready for that
to happen here in Brussels but,
and this is a big but,
Donald Tusk said that can only
happen if the UK gives more clarity
on some big Brexit issues.
Namely, how you calculate how
much money did UK owes
as it leaves the EU?
They want specific commitments
from the UK on that written down.
How to avoid a hard border, in other
words, the physical infrastructure
between Northern Ireland
and the Republic of Ireland,
which will have a big
impact on people's lives,
the EU wants detailed commitments
from the UK written down.
And here is the crucial thing,
Donald Tusk says all that has
to happen by the first week
of December if there is to be enough
time for them to prepare
for the summit to get onto phase two
went it actually happens.
It sounds like quite
a tough deadline.
Let's take a look
at some of the other
stories making the news.
The former Catalan
leader, Carles Puigdemont has
appeared in court in Belgium
in a bid to avoid
extradition to Spain.
He left Catalonia at
the end of last month,
following the region's unilateral
declaration of independence.
One of the most feared bosses
of the Italian mafia,
Salvatore Riina, has died
in prison at the age of 87.
Born in Sicily, Riina is thought
to have ordered at least
150 murders, including
those of the anti-mafia
judges Giovanni Falcone
and Paolo Borsellino.
A number of people are feared
dead following a mid-air
collision between a light aircraft
and a helicopter
in south east England.
The crash took place around midday.
Both the small plane
and the helicopter had taken off
from the Wycombe air
base in Buckinghamshire.
An eighth woman has come forward
claiming she was groped
by the former US President,
George H Bush.
The woman, who says she wants
to keep her identity a secret,
claimed the incident happened
when she was working
as an interpreter in 2004.
There's been no response yet
from the former president.
And staying with allegations
of sexual harrassment -
Donald Trump has now spoken out.
But while he could have
offered his thoughts
on several individuals,
he chose to target a senator
from the opposition
Democratic Party -
It comes after a journalist,
Leeann Tweeden put this
photo onto social media,
dating from 2006, which appears
to show Mr Franken groping her
while she was asleep.
He has issued a statement
apologising for his actions.
Cue Mr Trump on Twitter:
The Al Frankenstein
picture is really bad
and speaks a thousand
words, said Mr Trump.
And he then added
that just last week,
Mr Franken was lecturing people
about sexual harrassment
and respect for women.
Now, it's worth pointing out that
Al Franken is not the only
politician whose actions
are being scrutinised,
but he IS the only one
Mr Trump is tweeting about.
The President did not,
for example, comment
on Republican Roy Moore,
who's hoping to win a Senate seat
in Alabama next month,
and has been accused of making
sexual advances towards
Mr Moore denies those
claims, which he says
are politically motivated.
Although Mr Trump has not directly
commented on Mr Moore,
the White House has said
that the allegations against him
are very troubling and should
be taken seriously.
Who better to help us make
sense of all of this
than our correspondent
in Washington, Anthony Zurcher.
First off, Mr Trump not speaking out
against Al Fraken, -- Roy Moore,
doesn't that speak a thousand words?
Obviously, Donald Trump has more
sympathies towards Roy Moore,
although he didn't endorse his rival
in the primary in Alabama.
After-the-fact, he said he ran a
good campaign, he seems like a good
man, so he is on the record
supporting Roy Moore's candidacy in
Alabama. People who support Roy
Moore are Donald Trump's base. They
are the antiestablishment populist
in the Republican party so I think
Donald Trump is concerned that if he
goes against Roy Moore, he will be
once against going against his race
because Donald Trump had endorsed
its primary opponent. It is very
easy to go after Democrat like Al
Fraken and that seems to be white
Donald Trump was very quick, less
than 24 hours after the accusations
came out, Donald Trump was on
Twitter tweeting about it.
understand the state Republican
Party have said they are behind Mr
Moore's candidacy. What is the
actual National party saying?
listen to Republicans are here in
Washington from Michaella Connolly
on down, they have condemned Roy
Moore. They say the women who were
using him of making sexual advances
towards them and even sexual assault
when they were teenagers back in the
1970s, that there accusations are
credible, they are women that have
come forward separately, they don't
know each other, so the idea that
this could use some sort of
conspiracy, as Roy Moore has
alleged, seem very far-fetched. Even
some Republicans have said that if
Roy Moore happens to win in
December, on December 12, and gets
to the Senate, they will try to
expel him as quickly as possible so
he doesn't have much support in the
National Republican party. The irony
is he never do it. Mitch McConnell
and want him to win the nomination.
He has always been an outsider
riding against the establishment so
nothing much has changed there.
understand the matter with Al Fraken
has been reported to the ethics
committee, is the same thing
happening with Roy Moore?
have to win his election first and
if he made it to the Senate and that
would something the said committee
could review. Someone who represents
one of the uses of Roy Moore said
the Senate would look into it in a
separate investigation but the idea
that the Senate would start holding
hearings on Roy Moore before he wins
an election, that is a bit unlikely.
As far as Al Fraken goes, we are
hearing that people on the left and
right within Congress say this is
something that should be handled by
an ethical investigation. We aren't
hearing nearly as many politicians
for Al Fraken to resign.
it there. Just to remind you, that
vote will be taking place on
December 12 and BBC World News will
be watching that closely and
bringing it to you.
Now a story to make your
stomach turn - quite literally.
The doctors who've been treating
the North Korean soldier who fled
across the demilitarized zone
with South Korea say their efforts
are being hampered by an extremely
high level of parasites
in his intestines.
The discovery is being put down
to the way North Korea
produces its food.
Philippa Thomas reports.
That soldiers in North Korea
have a pretty grim life
has long been obvious.
Tough military duty on a diet that
doesn't provide enough nutrition.
Now, the case of a defecting soldier
shot by his own side while escaping,
has given a remarkable
insight into just how bad
conditions are in the North.
His doctors in South Korea have
displayed photos showing dozens
of flesh coloured parasites,
one was 27 centimetres long,
removed during a series
of operations to save his life.
TRANSLATION: In my over 20 year
career as a surgeon,
I have only seen something like this
in a textbook.
So, how could the parasites
have taken hold?
Experts believe diminishing supplies
of chemical fertiliser have led
North Korean farmers to find
a solution little closer to home.
TRANSLATION: They need fertiliser
to continue farming.
However, due to the lack
of fertiliser, North Koreans
fertilise their fields
with human excrement.
And this becomes an immediate cause
of a parasitic infection.
The World Food Programme says
a quarter of North Korean young
children who receive its help suffer
from chronic malnutrition.
The fact a carefully vetted border
guard is in such poor condition
shows the sheer scale of deprivation
the country is now facing.
The head of the electric vehicle
vehicle maker Tesla,
Elon Musk, has unveiled his
two latest models, including
the company's first large truck.
It's still a prototype but it it's
claimed it could travel
up to 500 miles on a single charge,
though it's not clear how much cargo
it could carry for that distance.
Tesla also have a new
sports car on show,
as our business correspondent
Theo Leggett reports.
It certainly looked the part -
emerging gleaming out
of the darkness, appearing every
inch the king of the road.
This is the new Tesla Semi,
a big rig trailer that
Silicon Valley entrepreneur
Elon Musk thinks can revolutionise
the haulage industry.
The thing that looks like it is not
moving izzard easel truck. -- diesel
Tesla has made its name producing
high-end electric cars,
and this is an all electric truck.
So will it leave conventional
lorries struggling in its wake?
Tesla has high hopes
for its new zero emissions lorry.
For a start, it will be equipped
with self-driving technology so that
one day, convoys of trucks will be
able to travel close together.
In theory, that should reduce
running costs and improve safety.
Tesla says it will also be
cheaper to run per mile
than conventional models.
But it will only have
a range of 500 miles.
Existing lorries can do double that
on a single tank of diesel.
And the technology as yet
is still relatively unproven.
Tesla will be able to
make its electric Semi.
Whether they'll be able to make it
at scale and to the production
timetables that they set out is very
much in question.
They haven't been able to do it
on any of their models so far.
Assuming the new lorry can be
produced in numbers,
will hauliers actually
want to buy it?
Tesla is promising low running costs
and a high degree of driver comfort,
but that may not be enough.
The problem with electric
lorries is the price point.
A new lorry, a diesel lorry,
costs us £85,000 each at the moment.
These new Teslas are probably going
to be around the £200,000 mark.
That's way beyond the budget
of most hauliers in the UK.
Tesla is already struggling to turn
itself from a niche luxury car-maker
into a mass-market producer
with its new Model 3.
And hidden in the back
of the electric lorry was yet
another new project,
a hi-tech roadster which Tesla says
will be the quickest
production car on the planet.
Now analysts are worried
the company may be trying
to go too for too fast.
Theo Leggett, BBC News.
Plenty more on