18/11/2017 World News Today


18/11/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today.

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Our top stories...

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Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe

will meet military commanders

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on Sunday, as protestors in Harare

march on his residence

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demanding he step down

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A man told me, we want to get in and

tell these people what we think of

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them.

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tell these people what we think of

them.

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Former Lebanese Prime

Minister Saad Hariri meets

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President Marcon in Paris -

and says he WILL go back to Lebanon

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in the coming days.

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The Venezuelan opposition leader,

Antonio Ledezma, is in Spain -

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a day after escaping from house

arrest in Caracas.

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In football, England Premier League

leaders Manchester City brush aside

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Leicester for their sixteenth

successive win in all competitions.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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Zimbabwe's President Mugabe

is expected to meet the military,

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who have taken power

in the country, on Sunday.

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He could be hours away from losing

his power.

Tens of thousands of

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people joined rallies across the

country on Saturday calling for Mr

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Mugabe to go. There are also crowds

outside his official residence. They

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want to reinstate the vice

president. Despite all of this the

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veteran president remains defiant.

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Our Africa Editor, Feargal Keane

reports from Harare.

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Something happened

inside the people today.

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A shared energy that helped

them into the streets.

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They were there on the big

streets and small.

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A common purpose in

a place so long divided.

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Voices that wouldn't have dared

speak of Robert Mugabe a few days

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ago now sang his political Requiem.

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This is a historic moment.

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It is so special.

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We have waited for

this for 37 years!

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You have come back from England,

you are happy to see this, I'm sure.

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Indeed, I am very happy.

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This is a new beginning

for the people of Zimbabwe.

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What I am seeing here

is the death of a dynasty.

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All of the faces of

the nation came into Harare.

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Joy was unrestrained.

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And exuberantly expressed.

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Who knows what freedom

the military coup will deliver?

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But an army that was once

an instrument of oppression

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is now celebrated.

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This tells you everything,

this is what the people

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are thinking in Harare.

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-- this is what the people

feel about the Army.

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These are moments of genuine leather

oration. They thank the soldiers as

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their saviours. -- genuine

celebration.

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Fear has been cast off

and expectations awakened.

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Watching the march I met this man,

a paramedic with a young family.

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Do you believe the army

will allow you to be free?

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Yes.

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If they don't?

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Well, it is difficult for them not

to allow us to be free,

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because we have been free,

we just never exercise our freedom.

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Viva the people of Zimbabwe.

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Viva.

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Those who forced this moment include

many who were ardent

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supporters of Robert Mugabe.

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Now they call for the departure

of the President and his wife.

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The people of Zimbabwe have spoken,

and the people of Zimbabwe have said

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you and your husband should go today

and not tomorrow.

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Robert Mugabe is under intense

pressure, yet this afternoon

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was refusing to stand down.

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At one of his official residences,

the army was pushing back

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demonstrators, but they would not

leave the area.

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So people are very angry

and they want to get through,

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past these army lines,

to this official residence,

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one of the President's

official residences.

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A man told me we want to get

in and tell these people

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what we think of them.

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Everybody here is now certain

that the moment of Robert Mugabe's

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departure is drawing near.

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Let's get the very latest

now from my colleague

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Ben Brown, who's in Harare.

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Some extraordinary scenes we are

watching. What is it like where you

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are?

Amazing to see such euphoria

turned on the streets of Harare.

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There were big demonstrations. The

people who demonstrated today, it

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was unthinkable in years gone by

that they would even question the

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leadership of Robert Mugabe. To come

out onto the streets and demand he

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resigns and resigns now. They have

lost all the fear they had. This

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follows the fact the Army have lost

faith with Robert Mugabe and Zanu-PF

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have lost faith with him as well.

What we saw today was people power.

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Tens of thousands on the streets

showing they have lost faith with

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Robert Mugabe and demanding he steps

down now. Indications are that he

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will not. People close to him how

the saying he will not resign. He

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would rather die than resign. The

army says it is having more talks

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with him tomorrow to persuade him,

or tried to dissuade him, to go

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quietly and with dignity.

We also

have this meeting of the Zanu-PF

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party, who say they are going to

dismiss him. Then we could be seeing

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the vice president brought back in.

He was rejected any a few days ago.

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Yes. This is the point. This is what

Robert Mugabe is facing. He knows

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time is running out for him. He does

not have any friends or allies left.

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Nobody in the country wants him

still to be president of the

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country. If he refuses to resign,

the leadership of Zanu-PF a meeting

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on Sunday to discuss the posing him.

He will no longer be leader of

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Zanu-PF. On Tuesday we expect

Parliament would then meet to begin

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possibly impeaching him. In other

words this would all be done

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constitutionally. There has been a

military takeover but the Army does

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not want to make it look like they

are getting rid of him by force,

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through a coup d'etat. They wanted

to be done constitutionally. If the

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party him as leader and the

parliament deposes him has dashes as

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president, that is what the Army

would like to see. They would not be

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blamed as being an army, the

military, that has forcefully

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deposed the president.

The question

is, he'll ever replaces him, the

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question that Fergal Keane was

asking people on the streets is, do

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people really believe that would

bring them a proper freedom?

That is

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absolutely the key question. The

vice president has been seen as a

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real strongman of Mugabe's

leadership, his government, in years

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gone by. Many people accuse him of

being in charge of atrocities will

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stop he has not been known as a

champion of democracy and human

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rights. Some people here are saying

we might lose Mugabe and have

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somebody not much better in his

place. On the other hand, there are

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signs that the military would like

to install him. He is their favoured

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candidate, as leader of a new

transitional authority but with

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numbers of the opposition involved

as well. The opposition MDC. They

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might think matters more palatable

to the outside world.

Ben Brown

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joining us live from Harare.

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The Lebanese Prime Minister,

Saad Hariri, is in France

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where he has confirmed

that he will be going back home

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in the next few days.

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France has said it is "ready

to organise a meeting

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of the international support

group for Lebanon".

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Mr Hariri announced

he was standing down

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while in Saudi Arabia

a fortnight ago.

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The BBC's Middle East Analyst,

Alan Johnston reports.

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The man at the centre of Lebanon's

store, Hariri, with his family being

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welcomed in Paris by President

Macron. Then there was lunch. The

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president key to show his support

for Hariri at a very difficult time.

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When they emerged, Mr Hariri said he

was going home.

I'm going to Beirut

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in the next few days to celebrate

Independence Day. When I am there I

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will make known my political

position after meeting with the

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president.

This all began far from

Paris in the Saudi capital, Riyadh.

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Mr Hariri has been close to the

Saudis all through his political

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career. After talks with them he

suddenly announced in Riyadh that he

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was resigning. He said he feared he

would be fascinated in Lebanon. He

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accused Saudi Arabia's eight

regional rival Iran of meddling in

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his country's fares. A reference to

Lebanon's powerful Hezbollah

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movement, Iran's life. In Beirut,

people were stunned for that nobody

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had seen the resignation coming from

but they began to rally behind their

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missing Prime Minister, here showing

their support for him during

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Beirut's marathon. Many Lebanese

suspected the Saudis had forced Mr

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Hariri to stand down and they might

even be holding him against their

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will. Mr Hariri appeared again on

television to deny this. His

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relations with the Saudis were very

good, he said. In this interview he

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hinted he might even withdraw his

resignation. Many questions continue

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to surround this affair. When Mr

Hariri comes home in a few days'

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time, his people will hope he will

give them more answers, more

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clarity.

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Let's take a look at some

of the other stories making the news

0:11:200:11:23

Search efforts in the South Atlantic

to find a missing Argentine

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submarine have intensified,

with more air and sea craft

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heading for the area.

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The San Juan, which has

with forty-four crew on board,

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hasn't been in touch for three days.

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The sub had been returning

from a routine mission

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when it disappeared.

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It was last in contact

when it was more than 400 kilometres

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off the coast of Patagonia.

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14 civilians are reported to have

been killed in a rebel-held

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neighbourhood besieged by Syrian

government forces on the outskirts

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of Damascus. The British-based

observatory for human rights said

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the victims died in air strikes and

shelling in four towns. Syrian state

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media blamed rebels shelling in

Damascus.

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The Russian ambassador has dismissed

criticism of his country's decision

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to veto a UN Security Council

resolution, which would have

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extended an international inquiry

into chemical weapons

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attacks in Syria.

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It's the 10th time Moscow has

used its veto powers

0:12:180:12:20

at the United Nations in support

of its ally since

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the conflict began.

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Stay with us on BBC World News.

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Still to come...

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We will look at tributes for the

AC/DC guitarist, Malcolm Young, who

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has died at the age of 64.

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Police looking for 19-year-old

Gaia Pope say a body has been found

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on land near Swanage.

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Officers made the discovery at 3pm

today near the coastal path where

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items of her clothing were found.

She went missing in 11 days ago.

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Three people arrested on suspicion

of her murder have been released.

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Her sister said the teenager was the

light of her life and a cousin gave

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a statement.

This afternoon the

emergency services found Giaia's

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body. We are devastated and unable

to put those feelings into words. We

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thank you for everything you have

done. Our little birdhouse flown but

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will always be with us. The police

will be releasing a statement.

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Please respect the privacy of the

family at this devastating time and

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keep us in your prayers. Thank you.

0:13:470:13:58

You are watching BBC World News

today but that the latest headlines.

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Huge crowds in Harare have marched

on President Mugabe's residence as

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the military prepares to meet the

embattled leader and persuade him to

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step down. The Lebanese Prime

Minister has met the French

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president in Paris. He has confirmed

he will be going home in the next

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few days. Let's get more on our top

story and President Mugabe being

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forced from power.

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Alex Magaisa, from Kent Law School,

was the chief of staff for former

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Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai,

who leads the opposition

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to Mr Mugabe.

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He gave us his thoughts

on the recent developments

0:14:370:14:39

in his home country.

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This is the first time in a very

long time there has been a huge

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convergence of all the different

forces in timber dashes back in

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Zimbabwe. I think it is an

opportunity for all the parties to

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work together and see if they can

chart the way forward. It is

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important for them to understand

what the future holds, in particular

0:15:000:15:04

making sure that the road to

democracy is prepared. That is

0:15:040:15:09

something that has been lacking in

Zimbabwe. We know the military that

0:15:090:15:16

intervened seemed to favour the

former vice president but

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Zimbabweans must be given an

opportunity to make a choice as to

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who's should lead them. -- who

should. Mr Mugabe is a tough man and

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he will fight to the end of the bid

is not surprising that even though

0:15:340:15:37

there are offers on the table he is

unwilling to take what would be a

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dignified exit and it might end up

very ugly. Mr Mugabe has seen lots

0:15:430:15:51

of people coming to his rallies over

the past few months and this made

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him believed he is too well loved. I

think all of that was a facade.

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People were doing it because that is

what they believed they were

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expected to do. In the last few days

his party is rejecting him and I

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think he will see very soon that he

will be politically isolated.

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Doug Coltart is a human rights

lawyer, and activist in Zimbabwe.

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He's been attending the rally

in Harare, and joins me via Skype

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I expected cannot believe the

scenes. What has it been like for

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you today?

It has been an incredible

day. For many of us, we were not

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sure we would ever see a day like

this where we marched on Statehouse.

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It was incredible, the scenes... The

atmosphere was euphoric and joyous.

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I was not alive during the

Zimbabwean independence but many

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people told me that the atmosphere

felt... They had not felt that since

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Independence Day for the really it

has been an incredible day.

And yet

0:17:000:17:06

we have Robert Mugabe remaining

defiant. He has not gone yet. Do you

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fear that maybe the jubilation and

celebration is a little bit

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premature?

I would not say it is

premature but I think there is good

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reason for why people feel this

energy, this excitement, the

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transition, and irreversible

transition has begun. Certainly

0:17:300:17:35

there is a lot of reasons for

caution and Zimbabweans, we are not

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through the woods by any means.

Zimbabwe -- Mugabe needs to step

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down. Then there are huge queries

about the agenda of the military and

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the potential for imposition of a

new leader. I think the fear for

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many people is that this will just

remain an internal transition within

0:18:030:18:08

Zanu-PF and will not bring real

change. Today, seeing the masses

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come out in such an unprecedented

scale, it really takes us down a

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path where ordinary citizens are

starting to demand that they want to

0:18:190:18:23

have a stake in this transition

process.

And I suppose all eyes are

0:18:230:18:28

on the former vice president will

stop the question is whether he

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would we any different from Robert

Mugabe. He may still be seen as the

0:18:320:18:40

old guard.

Absolutely. It seems that

the military does favour the former

0:18:400:18:47

vice president. To that degree he

probably needs to have a significant

0:18:470:18:52

and important role in the transition

process. He does seem to have the

0:18:520:18:56

backing of the military. He comes

from the same chequered past that

0:18:560:19:03

Zanu-PF has been through. He was

involved in many of the atrocities

0:19:030:19:07

that Zanu-PF have committed. I think

what we are saying is it is

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essential that this is an inclusive

transition process where people from

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all political parties, civil

societies, trade unions...

We will

0:19:180:19:23

have to leave it there. It'll be

very interesting to see what

0:19:230:19:26

happens.

0:19:260:19:36

It is an image of defiance that

summoned -- that Venezuelans were

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emboldened by. The former mayor of

Caracas a staunch critic. Safe

0:19:530:20:03

having crossed the border into

Colombia. Until last week he was

0:20:030:20:08

under house arrest, accused of

plotting a coup to overthrow the

0:20:080:20:11

Government. He spent more than 1000

days in detention and now speaks for

0:20:110:20:19

Venezuelan political prisoners.

TRANSLATION: I will concentrate on

0:20:190:20:23

travelling the world in excise. I

will contribute and be an extension

0:20:230:20:26

of the hope of the Venezuelan people

to get rid of this regime, this

0:20:260:20:32

dictatorship.

Venezuela is the

victim of a regime that is colluding

0:20:320:20:36

with drug traffickers.

On Saturday,

he was meeting the Spanish Prime

0:20:360:20:42

Minister. He says he has not gone to

Madrid to seek asylum but political

0:20:420:20:52

support.

TRANSLATION: I have asked Mr Roy to

0:20:520:20:59

continue to put pressure against the

tyranny in Venezuela. He is a tyrant

0:20:590:21:06

who uses force and seeks to subdue

people like me. In Caracas, the

0:21:060:21:14

president was sarcastic. He

commentated on the escape.

The

0:21:140:21:22

vampire is flying free in the world.

He says he is going to Spain to live

0:21:220:21:27

the high life, drinking wine and

grand beer. You can keep the vampire

0:21:270:21:32

over there.

But he could reenergise

in a position that has been

0:21:320:21:40

criticised for not coming up with a

plan for Venezuelan. Four months of

0:21:400:21:45

protests ended earlier this year

with more than 130 people dead and

0:21:450:21:49

no change of government. He is now

free to become the most high-profile

0:21:490:21:57

opposition leader, speaking against

the president outside of Venezuela.

0:21:570:22:00

The question is how much this will

help his supporters inside the

0:22:000:22:04

country to bring about political

change.

0:22:040:22:13

Loads of sport around today.

0:22:130:22:23

Jesus and Kevin deploying with the

goals for Manchester City.

0:22:250:22:31

Manchester United beat Newcastle 4-1

at Old Trafford to stay in touch

0:22:310:22:35

with their city rivals. The Josay

Mouinho side saw Paul Probert and

0:22:350:22:42

Ibrahimovic return from injury with

Pogba getting on the scoresheet. --

0:22:420:22:47

Jose Mourinho. Bournemouth thrashed

Huddersfield and Chelsea also

0:22:470:22:54

thrashed strugglers West Bromwich

4-0. Swansea beat Burnley. Crystal

0:22:540:23:00

Palace drew with managerless Everton

while Liverpool romped to a 3-0 win

0:23:000:23:06

at home to Southampton. Roma moved

above Lazio into third with victory

0:23:060:23:11

in the Rome derby. Natalie are

currently 2-0 up against AC Milan.

0:23:110:23:17

-- naphthalene. Real Madrid and

Atletico Madrid are currently level

0:23:170:23:26

in the Madrid derby. By Munich

pulled six points clear with a win.

0:23:260:23:36

In Rugby Union, England have beaten

Australia by 30-6 to make it five

0:23:360:23:40

straight wins over the Wallabies.

That scoreline did not reflect the

0:23:400:23:46

balance of play. Our sports

correspondent was at Twickenham

0:23:460:23:49

watching the action. England, the

home side, ran away with the game in

0:23:490:23:53

the drizzle as the match slipped

away from Australia. Only in the

0:23:530:24:00

closing few minutes was the match

settled and certain. At key points

0:24:000:24:05

in the match the Australian coach

was visibly fuming at the decisions.

0:24:050:24:12

An Australian try disallowed and

offside at a crucial time. At one

0:24:120:24:18

point Australia were reduced to 13

men. England can say they have great

0:24:180:24:23

finishers to bring off the bench to

make a game like this certain. As

0:24:230:24:27

the coach, Eddie Jones, pointed out,

it is imperative to play for 80

0:24:270:24:32

minutes in these international.

Eddie Jones has still won every

0:24:320:24:37

single game as England coach.

Argentina beat Italy 31-15. Wells

0:24:370:24:44

could only manage a 13-6 win over

Georgia. Ireland edged it 23-20

0:24:440:24:54

against Fiji. Currently France Trail

South Africa 10-8 with half an hour

0:24:540:24:59

to play. David Coughlin has shocked

tennis fans by knocking Roger

0:24:590:25:08

Federer out. Dimitrov has lost the

first set against Jack's soccer but

0:25:080:25:17

leads by a break in the second. --

Jack Sock.

0:25:170:25:26

Malcolm Young, co-founder

and guitarist of the Australian

0:25:260:25:28

heavy metal band AC/DC,

has died aged 64.

0:25:280:25:30

He founded the group in the 1970s

with his brother Angus,

0:25:300:25:33

retiring more than 40 years later

to receive treatment for dementia.

0:25:330:25:39

The band were best known for albums

Highway to Hell and Back in Black,

0:25:390:25:43

and were inducted into the Rock

and Roll Hall of Fame in 2003.

0:25:430:25:53

Don't forget you can get in touch

with me on Twitter. Thank you for

0:25:530:25:57

watching.

0:25:570:25:58

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