08/12/2017 World News Today


08/12/2017

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LineFromTo

been killed in an attack

in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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After almost six months of talks,

finally a breakthrough

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in negotiations between the UK

and the EU.

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A deal was struck first thing Friday

morning on key areas

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including the Irish border

and the Divorce Bill.

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Now, discussions can move

onto the second phase -

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the future trade relationship.

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But Donald Tusk, the President

of the European Commission

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has sounded a warning -

so much time has been

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devoted to the early,

easier part of the negotiations,

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and the hard part is

only just beginning.

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Our political editor

Laura Kuenssberg has more.

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While most of us slept, when hardly

a soul was stirring, the residents

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of Downing Street were up.

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Late-night calls.

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Then, at seven minutes past

four, onto the plane.

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Theresa May, travelling,

while Jean-Claude Juncker was

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pacing, waiting, in so

many ways, for the UK.

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And then, touchdown.

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Ready?

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Ready if you are.

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Taking their places

for the moment, after

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three days of cajoling.

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Compromise and criticism.

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It was a good morning

for Theresa May.

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A deal to pave the way

for Brexit, round two, the

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jargon she had longed to hear.

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Sufficient progress has now

been made on the strict

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terms of the divorce.

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This was a difficult negotiation

for the European Union,

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as well as for the United Kingdom.

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After breakdown on Monday,

blocked by her allies

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at home, a huge weight off

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the government's stressed shoulders.

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I very much welcome

the prospect of moving

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ahead to the next phase,

to

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talk about trade and security,

and to discuss the positive and

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ambitious future relationship.

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Are you going to be celebrating,

cracking open the champagne?

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No.

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Still working.

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No celebrations for either side.

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No champagne?

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Water.

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Many compromises, and more to come.

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The agreement implies

it will cost up to

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£39 billion to settle our

account as we leave.

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There is no final figure,

and it could be more, but paid over

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many years.

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Both sides say that Brits who live

elsewhere in the EU,

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and European citizens who live here

will have their rights protected.

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And, crucially for Tory

backbenchers, the role of the

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European Court will be limited.

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There is a promise there will be no

hard border in Ireland between North

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and South, a vow that rules

and regulations will be aligned

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if there is no big trade deal.

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And a time-limited

transition period as we

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leave.

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We are not making any comment.

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But what about the DUP,

who had so embarrassed the Prime

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Minister on Monday?

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She needs their votes

in parliament, and this week

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they squeezed some concessions.

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But in the early hours,

Theresa May made

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the decision to crack on,

even though they weren't quite sure.

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There are still matters we would

have liked to have seen clarified.

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We ran out of time, essentially.

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We think that we needed to go back

again and talk about those matters,

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but the Prime Minister has decided

to go to Brussels in relation to

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this text, and she says she has done

that in the national interest.

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The Leader of the

Opposition, speaking

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at the UN today, was

even less impressed.

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This could have been

done some time ago.

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The referendum took place in 2016

and now, right at the

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end of 2017, this is the first time

there has been any sign of any

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movement to go on to phase two.

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But Tory relief washed over social

media, the Cabinet falling over

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themselves to praise their boss,

and notable by their absence,

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most Tory Brexiteers.

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The ultimate arbiter,

put that in your pipe and smoke it.

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The real criticism from this man.

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Remember him?

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Amazing.

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The British Prime Minister

flies through the

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middle of the night to meet

unelected bureaucrats who pat her on

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the head, they say you have met our

demands, made sufficient progress

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and can move to the next stage.

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The whole thing is a humiliation.

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As one of the Brussels

brokers was keen to

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point out, reaching the next deal

to shake on will be harder still.

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Remember, the most difficult

challenge is still ahead.

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We all know that

breaking up is hard.

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But breaking up and building

a new relation is much harder.

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But round here, there

is no jubilation, more

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like thank goodness, because these

negotiations are intertwined

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with the Prime Minister's fate.

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The talks stumble, so does she.

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The talks muddle through,

and so does she.

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Had there not been

this deal at dawn,

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there would have been serious

rumblings about Theresa May's

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future.

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With progress comes breathing

space, but there is

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compromise, plenty of it.

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And with that comes

winners and losers, and

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no real guarantees.

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Getting this far and keeping

the peace has strained

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this street already.

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Tory divisions have not disappeared.

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But agreeing anything has

been an achievement.

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For tonight at least,

a little goodwill.

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Laura Kuenssberg, BBC

News, Westminster.

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There have been clashes

between Israeli forces

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and Palestinians protesting

at Donald Trump's decision

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to recognise Jerusalem

as Israel's capital.

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One person has died and over

200 have been injured.

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There have also been demonstrations

across the Arab world.

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Our Middle East Editor Jeremy Bowen

reports from Jerusalem.

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The biggest protests were in Gaza.

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Plenty of people had warned that US

recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's

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capital would lead to bloodshed.

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The first person to die

was a 30-year-old Palestinian.

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He was shot by the Israeli

army during clashes

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on Gaza's border.

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Others were wounded.

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There were clashes around towns

on the West Bank, too.

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The Palestinians want

Gaza and the West

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Bank to be their future state,

with a capital in East Jerusalem.

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This is our land.

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All Palestine is our land.

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Mr Trump, you are wrong.

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Israel is, want all of

Jerusalem, are delighted

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by President Trump's

recognition of their capital.

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He said, we are steadfast here,

internally, since ancient

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times.

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This city was given to Jews

thousands of years ago and the US

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has recognised that.

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But the golden dome behind him

is part of the third

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holiest place in the world

for Muslims, and a few hundred yards

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away, several thousand Palestinians

were going home after the noon

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prayer.

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The reality of this city is that

many Palestinians live here.

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Life for them can be hard.

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This home has been

demolished twice this year

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by order of the Israeli authorities.

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Like many Palestinians,

he built without a permit.

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Israel gives Palestinians

very few construction

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permits, while building

thousands of homes for Jews.

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I born in this land,

and my father and my grandfather.

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I will die in this place.

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Palestinian areas of

Jerusalem were quieter

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after Friday prayers

than many expected.

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Whenever a crowd formed,

mostly of onlookers, the police

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broke it up.

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Mr Trump's declaration

is a big challenge for the

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Palestinian national movement

and will turn into a big defeat

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for it as well if the Palestinians

are not

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able to organise a coherent

challenge to what has happened, and

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to build on all the international

criticism there has been.

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Israel feels on the up.

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It has been given American

presidential recognition in

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this city, without

mention of occupation,

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and without, so far,

a

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single concession in return.

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Anger at the decision has spread

across the Muslim world.

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Our correspondents in Kabul,

Islamabad and Jakarta all sent us

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these reports on demonstrations

taking place in their cities.

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The voice that has been echoing

in the city of Kabul today

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is this, "Death to Israel

and death to America!"

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And though for some the stance

of the Government has been firm

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enough saying that this

announcement of the American

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president will hurt the feelings

of the Muslims around the world

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and it could further

to stabilise the Middle East,

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but for many people,

that wasn't enough.

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-- further destabilise.

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They felt they had to come

out into the streets

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and give this message.

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The message here on the banners

is that Jerusalem is the front line.

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It is the red line,

and that it has been crossed.

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SHOUTING

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CROWD CHANT

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This is one

of the Central market in Islamabad

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where protesters have gathered

from different areas after prayer.

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These protesters are demanding US

President Donald Trump

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reverse his decision of recognising

Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

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Similar anti-US rallies

are also being held in major

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cities of Pakistan,

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including Karachi and Lahore.

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Right-wing political parties

and some Islamist groups are reading

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these anti-Trump and anti-American

protests across the country,

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but it is also important to note

here that this time it is not only

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the traditional adversaries

of the USA and Pakistan protesting,

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Donald Trump's decision,

but some political parties

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which are known to be allies

of the US are also...

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These have also found some

common ground in rejecting

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Donald Trump's statement

regarding the status of Jerusalem.

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The security situation is on high

alert in sensitive areas,

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especially diplomatically

with the US Embassy is situated

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and at the US consulate

in Lahore and Karachi,

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just yesterday, during a similar

kind of demonstration,

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some students unions tried to march

towards the US consulate in Lahore.

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Therefore security has been put

on high alert to avoid any

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uncalled for situations.

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Around 300 people rallying in front

of the US Embassy in Jakarta

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after the Friday prayer to protest

President Trump's decision

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to recognise Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel

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and move its Embassy

to the holy city.

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They demanded that the sovereignty

of Jerusalem to be given

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to the Palestinians and to make

Jerusalem the capital

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of the Palestine state.

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However a small group of Jewish

community and Israel supporters

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have shown their support

to President Trump 's

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have shown their support

to President Trump's

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recognition.

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Earlier this week, the president

said the unilateral decision

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was against the UN a solution

and that it might harm the world

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peace and world stability.

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It also called the Organisation

of Islamic Corporation to be taking

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the issue extensively in the leaders

Summit held next week in Istanbul.

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It also called the Organisation

of Islamic Cooporation to be taking

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the issue extensively in the leaders

Summit held next week in Istanbul.

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Indonesia doesn't have any bilateral

ties with real Israel and a Muslim

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majority country has been

on the side of the Palestine

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defending the Muslim solidarity.

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The United Nations says at least 14

of its peacekeepers have been killed

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and dozens injured in an attack

in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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Five Congolese soldiers also died

in the assault in the east

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of the country in Kivu.

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Emergency teams are in the area

and evacuations are under way.

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The UN Secretary General Antonio

Guterres says it's the worst attack

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on peacekeepers in recent history,

and could amount to war crimes.

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I condemn this attack unequivocally.

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And these deliberate attacks

against UN peacekeepers

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are unacceptable and

constitute a war crime.

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I call on the DRC

authorities to investigate

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these incidents and swiftly bring

the perpetrators to justice.

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There must be no impunity for such

assaults here or anywhere else.

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Military reinforcements have

arrived on the scene.

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The Force Commander

is there as well,

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coordinating the mission's response,

and the medical evacuation

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of casualties is ongoing.

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This is the worst attack

on UN peacekeepers in

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the organisation's recent history.

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It is another indication of the

enormous sacrifices made by troop

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contributing countries

in the service of global peace.

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These brave women and

men are putting their

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lives on the line every day

across the world to serve peace

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and to protect civilians.

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Our Africa security correspondent

Tomi Oladipo has more about the UN's

0:12:560:12:58

role in DRC, from Nairobi.

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Well, this attack happened

on Thursday night.

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It was an attack on a UN base

where the UN troops of the mission,

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Monusco, known as Monusco were.

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We believe that suspected

militants from a group that

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operates in the DRC,

but originates from Uganda.

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The group is called

Ally Democratic Forces, ADF,

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that's who the UN has blamed

or they are suspecting that elements

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of this group would have been

involved in that attack.

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And it appears to have

been a surprise attack,

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considering the number of casualties

- over 50 wounded and then

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over a dozen killed.

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So this is quite a major incident

for the UN and the DRC where it has

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been facing a lot of challenges.

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This is the largest UN peacekeeping

mission in the world.

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It is one of the largest budgets.

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The troops were over 18,000.

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From what we are hearing,

the troops involved were from,

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at least the ones killed,

were from Tanzania.

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Tanzania sends in over 1000

troops to this 18,000.

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So it's a major mission there,

but it has been going on for such

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a long time, and there has been

criticism about Monusco as a whole

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and its effectiveness.

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I think this will be brought

again to the forefront

0:14:090:14:12

and brought to the discussion,

considering the challenges UN

0:14:120:14:14

peacekeeping has been

facing as a whole in terms

0:14:140:14:16

of effectiveness, but also

in terms of funding.

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And that was our Africa

Security Correspondent,

0:14:250:14:29

Tom Oladipo giving his analysis

into the attack in the DRC.

0:14:290:14:36

Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news...

0:14:360:14:42

As we've heard, the Brexit

breakthrough should now enable

0:14:420:14:44

discussions to move on to the next

phase, and focus on what the future

0:14:440:14:47

relationship between the UK

and EU will look like.

0:14:470:14:50

But what exactly has

been agreed so far -

0:14:500:14:52

and what does it mean?

0:14:520:14:54

Chris Morris from the BBC's Reality

Check team takes a closer look.

0:14:540:14:57

A breakthrough in the Brexit

negotiations for sure,

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but it's worth emphasising that this

is only an agreement that sufficient

0:14:580:15:01

progress has been made on issues

relating to the UK's withdrawal.

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It locks in the progress made

so far, but at the same time

0:15:100:15:13

emphasises that nothing is agreed

until everything is agreed.

0:15:130:15:15

And the toughest talks

are still to come.

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This is not the end,

but it is the end of the beginning.

0:15:240:15:27

And we will remain fully engaged

and vigilant throughout phase two,

0:15:270:15:29

the drafting and ratification

of the new treaties that will be

0:15:290:15:32

required between the EU and the UK,

and their implementation.

0:15:320:15:34

So how has the benchmark

of sufficient progress been reached?

0:15:340:15:42

Well, on the Irish border,

the hope is that a future free

0:15:420:15:45

trade agreement will mean

many of the concerns about a hard

0:15:450:15:47

border simply melt away.

0:15:470:15:48

But as a backstop, if all else

fails, the UK has promised

0:15:480:15:53

to maintain full alignment with EU

single market and customs rules that

0:15:530:15:55

govern trade across the border.

0:15:550:16:00

Exactly how that will be done

isn't entirely clear,

0:16:000:16:02

but you certainly can't have partial

membership of the single market

0:16:020:16:04

and the customs union.

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On citizens' rights, it's been

agreed that the cut-off date

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for an agreement on the rights of EU

citizens in the UK, and UK citizens

0:16:100:16:14

elsewhere in the EU, will be the day

Brexit actually happens.

0:16:140:16:17

In other words, some people yet

to arrive could still qualify.

0:16:170:16:22

There will also be a potential role

for the European Court of Justice,

0:16:220:16:25

directly for eight years

and indirectly thereafter.

0:16:250:16:29

The number of legal cases it's

likely to cover is very small,

0:16:290:16:32

but some Brexiteers

won't be entirely happy.

0:16:320:16:36

Nor are some campaigners

for citizens' rights,

0:16:360:16:38

because many details have yet

to be resolved.

0:16:380:16:43

And then there's the financial

settlement, the divorce bill.

0:16:430:16:46

A method for calculating

it has been agreed.

0:16:460:16:47

It will be paid in euros.

0:16:470:16:53

But technical negotiations

will continue on various aspects,

0:16:530:16:55

including when and how

the money gets paid.

0:16:550:16:57

How much is the final

amount likely to be?

0:16:570:16:59

We'll probably never know for sure,

but UK sources say the equivalent

0:16:590:17:02

of up to £40 billion.

0:17:020:17:04

While some EU sources

still think it will be higher.

0:17:040:17:09

And this is only phase one.

0:17:090:17:11

Formal talks about the outlines

of a future relationship on trade,

0:17:110:17:13

security and so on haven't yet

started.

0:17:130:17:17

The next priority will be to agree

upon the terms of a transition

0:17:170:17:21

period for about two

years after Brexit.

0:17:210:17:25

The EU says it means the UK staying

in the single market

0:17:250:17:28

and the customs union.

0:17:280:17:29

The government says that's not how

it understands it at all.

0:17:290:17:32

It is very clear that more

challenging negotiation lies ahead.

0:17:320:17:37

Chris Morris, BBC News.

0:17:370:17:41

With me is Oliver Norgrove,

a political commentator who worked

0:17:410:17:44

for the Vote Leave campaign.

0:17:440:17:52

What did you make of the compromises

in today's deal?

I am encouraged

0:17:520:17:59

that we have progress, especially

given the time frame, but ultimately

0:17:590:18:03

we swallowed it a lot. I think on

the Irish border, what we see now is

0:18:030:18:08

that if we cannot agree to any

specific solutions, we will have to

0:18:080:18:16

remain fully aligned to the rules of

the single market and Customs union.

0:18:160:18:20

I don't think we look particularly

strong. I think some of these

0:18:200:18:25

concessions will have been

inevitable.

Exactly. Some of these

0:18:250:18:31

concessions, if Theresa May hasn't

agreed to them, would we not have

0:18:310:18:35

been in for a very hard Brexit

indeed?

I think we would then have

0:18:350:18:40

crashed out with a no deal, because

they have approached this with an

0:18:400:18:44

unrealistic mindset. I think one of

the main problems with our approach

0:18:440:18:52

to negotiations is a mistaken belief

that it is within the interest of

0:18:520:18:54

the EU to offer us a good trade

deal. That is why we have struggled

0:18:540:19:03

and been forced into position where

we have had to make so many

0:19:030:19:07

concessions.

Really what do you

think of the idea that nothing is

0:19:070:19:11

agreed until everything is agreed?

Keep this all still fall apart?

It

0:19:110:19:17

could, yes. I try not to get too

bogged down with slogans, but phase

0:19:170:19:23

two will be difficult. We haven't

got to VAT, agriculture. I think

0:19:230:19:29

some of the difficult things will be

about how to avoid customs posts on

0:19:290:19:36

the Irish border. We are not there

yet and there are a number of

0:19:360:19:40

challenges and bumps along the way.

What would you say to those who

0:19:400:19:45

voted remain?

I think they will be

vindicated by it, because I think

0:19:450:19:51

some of their warnings about the

balance of power in these

0:19:510:19:55

negotiations have come true. The EU

is in a much stronger position by

0:19:550:20:00

default, because it cannot undermine

the integrity of its institutions.

0:20:000:20:03

If you look at Article 50, there is

nothing about leaving with the trade

0:20:030:20:08

agreement. We are forced to talk

about the future relationship, but

0:20:080:20:11

we only leave with a withdrawal

agreement. We were never going to

0:20:110:20:15

leave any strong position.

Remainders will feel vindicated.

0:20:150:20:22

Keyword Freddie Read campaign, but

you have softened your position

0:20:220:20:25

briefly, can you tell us why? --

you've worked for the vote Leave

0:20:250:20:32

campaign.

I think it helps us to

protect our own constitutional

0:20:320:20:41

integrity because it allows all of

the United Kingdom to leave the EU

0:20:410:20:45

on the same terms...

And that was

not part of the leave campaign? You

0:20:450:20:51

can still support that?

My own view

has always been that vote leave had

0:20:510:20:58

a different position on the single

market. Our campaign material and

0:20:580:21:01

messaging was also more geared

towards constructive ambiguity. I

0:21:010:21:08

don't think the mandate is

threatened by doing so.

We will

0:21:080:21:13

leave it there. Thank you very much.

0:21:130:21:16

Let's return to the issue

of Jerusalem - soon

0:21:160:21:18

after Donald Trump declared

that the US would recognise the city

0:21:180:21:21

as Israel's capital he was met

with a wave of condemnation -

0:21:210:21:23

not just from across the muslim

world, but also from many

0:21:230:21:26

traditional allies.

0:21:260:21:35

traditional allies.

0:21:350:21:36

The UN Security Council had been

discussing the issue

0:21:360:21:38

over the last few hours.

0:21:380:21:39

The Palestinian Ambassador

to the UN has urged

0:21:390:21:41

the organisation to intervene.

0:21:410:21:48

Come before the council today to

urge the council to uphold its

0:21:480:21:55

resolutions in light of the

provocations against Jerusalem's

0:21:550:22:00

legal, political and historic status

and the Palestinian people's rights

0:22:000:22:06

and legitimate national aspirations.

0:22:060:22:10

Also speaking at the UN security

council, Nikki Hayley,

0:22:100:22:12

the US's ambassador to the UN,

said Donald Trump did the obvious

0:22:120:22:15

by recognising Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel

0:22:150:22:17

but insisted that he had left

the specific dimensions of Jerusalem

0:22:170:22:20

to Israelis and Palestinians

to negotiate.

0:22:200:22:21

The President has announced

that the United States

0:22:210:22:23

recognises the obvious,

that Jerusalem is

0:22:230:22:24

the capital of Israel.

0:22:240:22:25

He has also instructed

the State Department to begin

0:22:250:22:27

the process of relocating the US

embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

0:22:270:22:30

That is what the president has done.

0:22:300:22:32

And this is what he has not done.

0:22:320:22:34

The United States has not taken

a position on boundaries or borders.

0:22:340:22:38

The specific dimensions

of sovereignty over Jerusalem

0:22:380:22:39

are still to be decided

by the Israelis and the

0:22:390:22:45

Palestinians in negotiations.

0:22:450:22:49

Nada Tawfik is at the UN

headquarters in New York.

0:22:490:22:55

Thank you for joining us. How were

those comments received? She said

0:22:550:23:02

the US still had credibility as a

mediator with the route to attack

0:23:020:23:07

Israelis and Palestinians.

-- with

the Israelis and Palestinians. Two

0:23:070:23:17

of the US's allies on the council,

the UK and France, they disagreed

0:23:170:23:24

with the United States and believed

it was in contradiction of the seven

0:23:240:23:28

Security Council resolutions. After

the meeting, you had the European

0:23:280:23:32

members of the Security Council, how

to again said he disagreed with the

0:23:320:23:36

united States, the disagreed with

her assertion that this doesn't

0:23:360:23:42

violate international law and those

Security Council resolutions, and

0:23:420:23:45

basically said it is time for the

United States to opine exactly what

0:23:450:23:49

their peace process is, what the

details of their plan is now. That

0:23:490:23:54

was echoed by other members of the

Security Council, like the Russian

0:23:540:23:57

ambassador. The French ambassador

said this undermines the ability of

0:23:570:24:03

the Security Council. The United

States was very isolated in this

0:24:030:24:06

meeting this afternoon.

Strong words

today at the UN, but word does this

0:24:060:24:11

leave us now?

It's important to

remember the United States has a

0:24:110:24:17

veto power on the Security Council

and so we didn't have anyone try to

0:24:170:24:22

propose a resolution or a statement

out of the Security Council. The

0:24:220:24:25

Palestinian ambassador did say to

reporters that after Arab ministers

0:24:250:24:30

meet at the organisation for Islamic

Corporation meeting that he will

0:24:300:24:35

come back and request the Security

Council act on that, but again, it

0:24:350:24:39

would be a largely symbolic move and

gesture because the United States

0:24:390:24:43

could veto any move and product they

bid for word. -- papered forehead.

0:24:430:24:49

Don't forget, you can get

in touch with me and some

0:24:490:24:52

of the team on Twitter -

I'm @celiahatton.

0:24:520:24:54

That's all from us for an hour.

0:24:540:24:56

That's all from us for an hour.

0:24:560:24:56

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