08/12/2017 World News Today


08/12/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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transient snow, probably eventually

turning to rain. A lot happening

0:00:000:00:02

over the next few days, make sure

you stay tuned to the weather.

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Britain and the EU have struck a

last-minute deal, which means Brexit

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talks can move onto the next phase.

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Getting to this point has required

give and take on both sides,

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and I believe the joint

report being published

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is in the best interests

of the whole of the UK.

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I believe we have now made

the breakthrough we needed.

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Today's result is,

of course, a compromise.

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Issues over the Irish border, the

divorce Bill and citizens rights are

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addressed in the agreement, but

around key points, questioned

0:00:450:00:49

remain.

Clashes between Palestinians and

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Israeli security forces clash.

And the United Nations says it's the

0:00:520:01:02

worst attack on peacekeepers in

recent history. 14 peacekeepers have

0:01:020:01:06

been killed in the Democratic

Republic of Congo.

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Hello and welcome to World News

Todya. After six months of talks,

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finally a break you. A deal was

struck first thing Friday morning on

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key areas, including the Irish

border and the divorce Bill. Now

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discussions can move onto the second

phase, the future relationship, but

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Donald Tusk, the of the European

Commission, has sounded a warning.

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He says so much time has been

dedicated to the early easy part of

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the negotiations, the hard part is

only just beginning.

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While most of us slept,

when hardly a soul was stirring,

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the residents

of Downing Street were up.

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Late-night calls.

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Then, at 4:07, onto the plane.

Theresa May, travelling...

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while Jean-Claude Juncker

was pacing,

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waiting in so many ways, for the UK.

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And then, touchdown.

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Ready?

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Ready if you are.

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Taking their places for the moment,

after three days of cajoling,

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compromise and criticism.

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It was a good morning

for Theresa May.

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A deal to pave the way for Brexit

round two, the jargon she had

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longed to hear.

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Sufficient progress has now been

made on the terms of the divorce.

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This was a difficult negotiation

for the European Union,

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as well as for the United Kingdom.

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After breakdown on Monday,

blocked by allies at home,

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a huge weight off

the government's stressed shoulders.

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I very much welcome the prospect

of moving ahead to the next phase,

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to talk about trade and security,

and to discuss the positive

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and ambitious future relationship.

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Are you going to be celebrating,

Mr Barnier,

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cracking open the champagne?

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Still working.

Still more work to do, no champagne.

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No celebrations for either side.

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No champagne.

Water.

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There have been many

compromises, and more to come.

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The agreement implies it

will cost up to £39 billion

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to settle our accounts as we leave.

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There is no final figure,

and it could be more,

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but could be more

paid over many years.

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Both sides say Brits who live

elsewhere in the EU,

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and European citizens who live

here, will have their

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rights protected.

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And crucially,

for Tory backbenchers,

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the role of the European Court

will be limited.

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There is a promise there will be no

hard border in Ireland

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between North and South,

a vow their rules and regulations

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will be aligned if there

is no big trade deal.

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And a time-limited transition

period as we leave.

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But what about the DUP,

who'd so embarrassed

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the Prime Minister on Monday?

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She needs their votes

in parliament, and this week

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they squeezed some concessions.

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But in the early hours, Theresa May

made the decision to crack on,

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even though they weren't quite sure.

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There are still matters

there that we would have liked

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to have seen clarified.

We ran out of time, essentially.

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We think that we needed to go back

again and talk about those matters,

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but the Prime Minister has decided

to go to Brussels in relation

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to this text, and she says she has

done that in the national interest.

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The Leader of the Opposition,

speaking at the UN today,

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was even less impressed.

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This could have

been done some time ago.

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The referendum took place in 2016,

we are now right at the end of 2017,

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this is the first time there has

been any sign of any movement

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to go on to phase two.

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But Tory relief washed over social

media, the Cabinet falling over

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themselves to praise their boss,

and notable by their absence,

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most Tory Brexiteers.

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The ultimate arbiter,

put that in your pipe and smoke it.

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The real criticism from this man.

Remember him?

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Amazing, isn't it.

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The British Prime Minister flies

through the middle of the night

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to meet unelected bureaucrats

who pat her on the head,

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and say, "You have met our demands,

made sufficient progress and can

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move to the next stage."

The whole thing is a humiliation.

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As one of the brokers in Brussels

was keen to point out,

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reaching the next deal

to shake on will be harder still.

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Let us remember, the most difficult

challenge is still ahead.

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We all know that

breaking up is hard.

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But breaking up and building

a new relation is much harder.

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But round here,

there is no jubilation,

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more like thank goodness,

because these negotiations

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are intertwined with

the Prime Minister's fate.

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The talks stumble, so does she.

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The talks muddle through,

and so does she.

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Had there not been this deal

at dawn, there would have

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been serious rumblings

about Theresa May's future.

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With progress comes

breathing space, but there

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is compromise, plenty of it.

0:06:340:06:36

And with that comes winners

and losers, and no real guarantees.

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Getting this far and keeping

the peace has strained

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this street already.

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The Tory divisions

have not disappeared.

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But agreeing anything

has been an achievement.

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For tonight at least,

a little goodwill.

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Laura Kuenssberg,

BBC News, Westminster.

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How people reacting to the Brexit

deal across Europe? Let's talk to

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the Forum editor of a newspaper.

Think of the joining us. How is

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Berlin reacting to this deal?

Initially, the government

0:07:140:07:18

spokesperson today just said it is a

step forward, and now they are

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looking into the details to make

their own assessment. At an

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officially, everybody is relieved

that we do have this before

0:07:270:07:35

Christmas, because there were

concerns that talks may fail. That

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would have serious consequences for

Germany as the most important

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trading partner for Britain.

Could a

change in the German government

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cause a change in Brexit policy?

Know, it won't. Surprisingly, there

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is a consensus all across the German

political spectrum, when it comes to

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negotiation from Brexit, I don't

think there are any political

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differences. Even the fact that we

have just an acting government right

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now, it will strain the hands of the

German government when it comes to

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continuing the negotiation.

Tell us

more about the concerns that German

0:08:230:08:27

government, or Germans in general,

might have about Brexit. Are they

0:08:270:08:32

focused around trade, or are there

other concerns?

So far, it has

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always been a question of the

financial settlement. Germany is the

0:08:400:08:47

European Union's most important net

payer. That means, any Bill left

0:08:470:08:57

over, it would have to be covered by

the countries. So the relief today,

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it is related to the fact that we

now know that the British Government

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will not spell it out, but... Of

what they wanted to achieving this

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issue. It means for the German

government, they can go ahead now.

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Thank you very much.

If you want to find out more about

0:09:350:09:42

Brexit and all the latest twists and

turns, download the Brexit cast

0:09:420:09:47

broadcast. You can download it on

the website or subscribe to the pod

0:09:470:09:54

cast on iTunes.

0:09:540:09:57

Breaking news to bring you now,

aides close to the former Georgian

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president say he has just been

arrested in Kiev. Our Ukraine

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correspondent said details of how he

had been detained have not been

0:10:100:10:13

released.

You might remember early in the

0:10:130:10:16

week, these extraordinary pictures

of an attempted a rest were

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released. Officers went to his flat

and ended up walking him across his

0:10:200:10:25

roof before he could be properly

detained, though, his supporters

0:10:250:10:31

managed to free him. Prosecutors

accused him of receiving funding

0:10:310:10:34

from an ally of Ukraine's former

president. He says he is an

0:10:340:10:41

anti-corruption campaigner, and has

made accusations against the

0:10:410:10:45

Ukrainian president. We will bring

you more on this as it becomes

0:10:450:10:47

available.

The US ambassador to the UN has

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denounced the organisation's role in

the Middle East, describing it as a

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centre of hostility to Israel. Nikki

Haley was responding to criticism at

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the US decision to recognise to rue

celeb as Israel's capital. There

0:11:010:11:06

have been clashes between Israeli

forces and Palestinians, protesting

0:11:060:11:09

at the decision. And there have been

demonstrations across the Arab

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world.

0:11:120:11:16

The biggest protests were in Gaza.

0:11:160:11:18

Plenty of people had warned that US

recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's

0:11:180:11:23

capital would lead to bloodshed.

0:11:230:11:29

The first person to die

was a 30-year-old Palestinian.

0:11:290:11:32

He was shot by the Israeli army

during clashes on Gaza's border.

0:11:320:11:34

Others were wounded.

0:11:340:11:38

There were clashes around towns

on the West Bank, too.

0:11:380:11:45

The Palestinians want

Gaza and the West Bank

0:11:450:11:47

to be their future state,

with a capital in East Jerusalem.

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This is our land.

All Palestine is our land.

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Mr Trump, you are wrong.

0:11:560:11:58

Israelis, who want all of Jerusalem,

are delighted by President Trump's

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recognition of their capital.

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He said, we're steadfast here,

eternally, since ancient times.

0:12:030:12:05

This city was given to Jews 3,000

of years ago and the US

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has recognised that.

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But the golden dome behind him

is part of the third holiest place

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in the world for Muslims,

and a few hundred yards

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away, several thousand

Palestinians were going home

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after the noon prayer.

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The reality of this city is

that many Palestinians live here.

0:12:320:12:38

Life for them can be hard.

0:12:380:12:41

This home has been demolished

twice this year by order

0:12:410:12:48

of the Israeli authorities.

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Like many Palestinians,

he built without a permit.

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Israel gives Palestinians

very few construction permits,

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while building thousands

of homes for Jews.

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I born in this land,

and my father and my grandfather.

0:12:580:13:03

I will die in this place.

0:13:030:13:05

Palestinian areas of Jerusalem

were quieter after Friday

0:13:050:13:12

prayers than many expected.

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Whenever a crowd formed,

mostly of onlookers,

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the police broke it up.

0:13:170:13:18

Mr Trump's declaration is a big

challenge for the Palestinian

0:13:180:13:22

national movement and will turn

into a big defeat for it as well

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if the Palestinians are not able

to organise a coherent challenge

0:13:260:13:33

to what has happened, and to build

on all the international

0:13:330:13:36

criticism there has been.

Israel feels on the up.

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It has been given American

presidential recognition in this

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city, without mention of occupation,

and without, so far,

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a single concession in return.

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Jeremy Bowen, BBC News, Jerusalem.

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Stay with us on BBC World News,

still to come: we talk to BBC sport,

0:13:560:14:01

they are looking ahead to the

Manchester derby and waking up the

0:14:010:14:04

chances for City and United.

0:14:040:14:09

This is BBC World News Today. The

latest headlines: UK and EU leaders

0:15:250:15:29

hail the breakthrough we needed

after Prime Minister Theresa May

0:15:290:15:34

makes an early morning dash to

Brussels to seal the deal.

0:15:340:15:38

The US ambassador to the UN has

denounced the organisation's role in

0:15:380:15:42

the middle east, describing it as a

centre of hostility to Israel.

0:15:420:15:49

United Nations says at least 14 of

its peacekeepers have been killed

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and dozens injured in an attack in

the Democratic Republic of Congo.

0:15:530:15:57

Five Congolese soldiers also died in

the assault in the east of the

0:15:570:16:02

country. Emergency teams are in the

area, and evacuations are underway.

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The UN secretaries-general says it

is the worst attack on peacekeepers

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in recent history, and could amount

to war crimes.

0:16:100:16:14

I condemn this attack unequivocally.

It is unacceptable and constitutes a

0:16:140:16:23

war crime. I call on the authorities

to investigate this incident and to

0:16:230:16:28

roughly bring the perpetrators to

justice. There must be no impunity

0:16:280:16:32

for such assaults here or anywhere

else. Military reinforcements have

0:16:320:16:39

arrived on the scene, the first

commander is there as well

0:16:390:16:43

coordinated a response, and the

medical evacuation of casualties is

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ongoing. This is the worst attack on

UN peacekeepers in recent history.

0:16:460:16:58

We have more about the UN's role in

the DRC.

0:16:580:17:02

This attack happened on Thursday

night. It was an attack on a UN base

0:17:020:17:08

where the UN troops of the mission

were. It is believed that suspected

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militants from a group that operates

in the DRC but originates from

0:17:180:17:24

Uganda, that is who the UN is

blaming or suspecting an element of

0:17:240:17:31

this group was involved in the

attack. And it appears to have been

0:17:310:17:35

a surprise attack, considering the

number of casualties, over 50

0:17:350:17:40

wounded and a dozen killed. Quite a

major incident for the UN in the DRC

0:17:400:17:46

where it had been facing challenges.

This is the largest UN peacekeeping

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mission in the world. One of the

largest budgets. Over 18,000 troops,

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from what we are hearing, the troops

involved were from Tanzania, who

0:17:560:18:03

sends over a thousand troops. It is

a major mission there, but it has

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been going on for a long time. There

has been criticism about its

0:18:090:18:14

effectiveness, and this will be

brought again to the forefront,

0:18:140:18:18

brought to the discussion

considering the challenges UN

0:18:180:18:20

peacekeeping has been facing in

terms of effectiveness and also in

0:18:200:18:24

terms of funding.

0:18:240:18:32

A former Catalan minister who was

jailed in Spain for his role in a

0:18:370:18:41

legally declaring independence for

the region has told the BBC that he

0:18:410:18:45

acknowledges his government may have

broken the law. He has been speaking

0:18:450:18:50

exclusively to the BBC's Europe

reporter.

0:18:500:18:54

We were with ordinary criminals,

with blood crimes. I mean, murder

0:18:540:19:04

and other things. We didn't have a

feeling of danger in our jail, but

0:19:040:19:21

there were a lot of hours in the

cell, 16, 17 hours a day in a small

0:19:210:19:27

cell. They wanted to steal our

dignity, but they didn't succeed.

0:19:270:19:34

But how do you justify what you did?

There were no legal means to have an

0:19:340:19:41

independence declaration, it was

against the constitution. You have

0:19:410:19:44

the Spanish government who say you

have made a situation deeply

0:19:440:19:48

divisive now, thousands of companies

have left, tell me.

To hold a

0:19:480:19:55

referendum is not illegal. It's not

a crime in Spain. It is not a crime

0:19:550:20:01

in Spain. We wanted the same thing,

the same referendum that took place

0:20:010:20:10

in Scotland. We are non-violent in

our movement. This is the most

0:20:100:20:15

unfair thing we have to face.

Perhaps we have disobeyed, perhaps,

0:20:150:20:22

perhaps. But we haven't committed a

crime to go to jail for 30 years.

0:20:220:20:31

Gavin Lee reporting there.

In California, six wildfires

0:20:310:20:36

continue to rage out of control,

leaving communities on the Pacific

0:20:360:20:40

Ocean, including the City of Santa

Barbara, preparing for evacuations.

0:20:400:20:44

James Cooper reports.

0:20:440:20:54

For California,

an epic battle continues.

0:20:570:20:58

They've been fighting this blaze

in the mountains north

0:20:580:21:00

of Los Angeles all week,

and still it devours forest

0:21:000:21:03

and brush, and has destroyed

more than 430 buildings.

0:21:030:21:05

Yet again tonight, this blaze

is burning with an intense ferocity,

0:21:050:21:07

and that means a battle,

because there is property down here,

0:21:070:21:10

very close to the fire,

and these firefighters have been

0:21:100:21:13

working very, very hard

for the past few days.

0:21:130:21:15

They are exhausted,

but they are back here again now

0:21:150:21:21

to try and stop this fire

from burning these properties.

0:21:210:21:25

The fire is now churning

towards the Pacific Ocean,

0:21:250:21:28

where communities as far north

as Santa Barbara are

0:21:280:21:31

preparing for evacuations.

0:21:310:21:37

To the south, a new blaze

exploded fast in San Diego County,

0:21:370:21:40

blowing up gas tanks under homes

and forcing pupils to flee

0:21:400:21:42

from their schools.

0:21:420:21:43

For those who have not been

currently impacted by the fire,

0:21:430:21:50

they need to prepare

as if they are going to be

0:21:500:21:52

impacted by the fire.

0:21:520:21:53

Where are they going to go?

What are their escape routes?

0:21:530:21:56

What is their communication

with their family?

0:21:560:21:58

What are they going

to do with their pets?

0:21:580:22:00

Do they have their

vehicles loaded to go?

0:22:000:22:02

Often, we don't ask people to think

about these things continuously,

0:22:020:22:04

but tonight is one of those nights,

today is one of these fires that

0:22:040:22:08

people need to be ready.

0:22:080:22:09

In the exclusive Los Angeles

suburb of Bel-Air,

0:22:090:22:11

the situation has improved.

0:22:110:22:14

A handful of homes were destroyed,

but many more were saved.

0:22:140:22:17

The musician Lionel Ritchie

and the socialite Paris Hilton

0:22:170:22:20

were among those forced

to flee their mansions.

0:22:200:22:23

Every firefighting aircraft

in the United States has been

0:22:230:22:27

summoned to California,

and they are making

0:22:270:22:28

a big difference.

0:22:280:22:33

With resources stretched

to the limit, firefighters

0:22:330:22:35

from neighbouring states have

arrived in California to help.

0:22:350:22:37

They'll be needed.

0:22:370:22:39

The extreme weather is forecast

to continue into the weekend.

0:22:390:22:41

James Cook, BBC News, California.

0:22:410:22:47

It is a game that needs no

introduction, the Manchester derby

0:22:520:22:56

this weekend with league leaders

Manchester City taking on rivals

0:22:560:22:59

United. City will take some

stopping. If they win at Old

0:22:590:23:02

Trafford, they will equal the

longest winning run in Premier

0:23:020:23:06

League history, and could extend

their lead at the top 211 points.

0:23:060:23:10

Jose Mourinho buying into the

height.

0:23:100:23:13

I live a little bit isolated from

society. I don't feel it so much.

0:23:130:23:21

It's about training ground and

hotel, and my date off after CSKA

0:23:210:23:30

It's about training ground and

hotel, and my date off after CSKA. I

0:23:300:23:31

went home, so I really don't have

that communication, but I don't need

0:23:310:23:34

that to know that the derby is

something special for the people.

0:23:340:23:41

For us, in the end, it's three

points.

0:23:410:23:45

There are a lot of points to play,

more than 70, so we are just focused

0:23:450:23:50

in the game, on the result. After

that, recovery, and we are thinking

0:23:500:23:56

Swansea three Day said. It's simple

like that. It is going there to do

0:23:560:24:00

our game. That is what I want to see

from my players.

0:24:000:24:03

Want to cricket, Moeen Ali believes

the team can serve in the Ashes

0:24:030:24:08

Series around despite trailing 2-0

to Australia. He will captain a much

0:24:080:24:12

changed England side against a

Cricket Australia XI in a few hours'

0:24:120:24:15

time in power. He won't bowl to

allow a cut on his finger to heal,

0:24:150:24:19

but expects to recover in time for

the third test in Perth, which

0:24:190:24:23

starts on Thursday.

Because I am a finger spinner, it is

0:24:230:24:28

one thing that I really need, which

needs to be 100%. Obviously, I

0:24:280:24:33

ripped it in the first game, first

innings, and since then, it has not

0:24:330:24:38

been easy. It has been difficult to

bowl and stuff, but the last game

0:24:380:24:42

was much better. I still bowled as

well. Hopefully, another 5-6 days,

0:24:420:24:51

with no bowling, it will be all

right.

0:24:510:24:54

For the first time in 19 years, two

players from the same country have

0:24:540:24:58

been named as world champions by the

International Tennis Federation.

0:24:580:25:02

Garbine Muguruza picked up a women's

gong after rising to number one in

0:25:020:25:06

the rankings for the first time.

Rafa Nadal won the men's award.

0:25:060:25:12

And in rugby union, the British and

Irish Lions Captain Sam Warburton

0:25:120:25:15

will miss out on playing for Wales

in next year's six Nations Rugby

0:25:150:25:18

tournament. He has had surgery on a

knee injury. He was already out of

0:25:180:25:23

action after a neck operation and

says he has made a decision with the

0:25:230:25:27

Welsh Rugby union, and his club side

Cardiff Blues, to take a proactive

0:25:270:25:32

approach, so he is fully fit when

returning to action. It is inspected

0:25:320:25:35

he will take 4-6 months to recover.

That is all the sports are now.

0:25:350:25:42

Don't forget, get in touch with me

and the team on Twitter. Goodbye.

0:25:420:25:47

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