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This is BBC World News Today.
I'm Kasia Madera.
Our top stories.
The UN Security Council unanimously
backs tough new sanctions
against North Korea, restricting
its ability to import oil.
Today for the tenth time this
council stands united
against a North Korean regime that
rejects the pursuit of peace.
Two former Fifa bosses are found
guilty by a court in New York
of accepting millions
of dollars in bribes.
The Spanish Prime Minister says he
is ready to talk to whoever is in
charge of the regional government in
And coming up...
From EU burgundy to British blue -
the UK passport is set to change
colour after Brexit.
Hello and welcome
to World News Today.
The United Nations
Security Council has
passed tough new sanctions
on North Korea that will cut oil
supplies vital for Pyongyang's
missile and nuclear programs.
With China's backing, the council
unanimously adopted this US draft
resolution that forces
the repatriation of North Korean
workers abroad, cutting off another
revenue stream of
Kim Jong-un's regime.
Here's what the US ambassador
to the UN, Nikki Haley had
to say a short time ago.
Today, for the tenth time,
this council stands united
against the North Korean regime that
rejects the pursuit of peace.
The Kim regime continues to defy
the resolutions of this council,
the norms of civilised behaviour
and the patience of
the international community.
Their arrogance and hostility
to anything productive
has set their country
on a destructive path.
The BBC's UN reporter
Nada Tawfik joined me earlier.
Rex Tillerson said he wanted to see
this, President Trump even called
President Xi to say he wanted oil
supplies cut off and we've seen
the Security Council bring tougher
sanctions, getting to this point.
To give a sense
of how much this will
hurt Pyongyang, in 2016
according to the US,
they got 4.5 million barrels
of refined petroleum.
Now they will get 500,000
barrels, nearly 90% cut
to what is a lifeline
for Kim Jong-un's struggling economy
and a lifeline, a vital part
of his nuclear missile programme.
Diplomats hope that
if this doesn't, as past
sanctions haven't, convince
Kim Jong-un to abandon his nuclear
programme, it will hurt his
credibility to conduct tests.
Unanimous decision at
the Security Council with the US
ambassador Nikki Haley
saying they will further put
pressure on Pyongyang if he
continues to defy resolutions.
Let's dissect the measures.
It's not just oil,
what else is involved?
this actually tells
countries, especially China
and Russia, who are hosting 100,000
North Korean guest workers, tells
these countries that they have 24
months to pull them out.
The UN has described
these workers as toiling
in slave like conditions.
And the North Korean
regime heavily taxes them,
so they take most of their
That is trying to cut off
that source of revenue.
Also trying to close
countries to seize ships
which they think are carrying
illicit cargo from North Korea.
And it toughens some
of the major exports from North
Korea that passed
resolutions set out.
A further ban on textiles and coal
for example, two important
parts of North Korea's economy.
A mix of guilty and not guilty
verdicts have been handed down
to three former Fifa officials
accused of accepting millions
of dollars in bribes.
The trial in New York City
was part of a United States
investigation into corruption
at the football governing body.
A short time ago, I spoke
with our sports correspondent,
Richard Conway, about the verdicts.
The jury have deliberated for
the sixth day-to-day.
It came back into court a short time
after 1pm local time to tell
the judge that they had partial
verdicts on the defendants.
What they came back with after some
lengthy legal argument
is that Juan Angel Napout,
the former head of the South
American football Confederation,
he's guilty on three out of five
corruption charges that he faced.
Jose Maria Marin, the former head
of Brazilian football and another
big figure within world football,
has been found guilty on six out
of the seven counts he faced,
relating to charges such as wire
conspiracy and money-laundering.
The one count against Manuel Burga,
the head of the Peruvian FA,
is still undecided and the jury
will have to comeback
and continue deliberations
against Manuel Burga.
US prosecutors have pursued
this case for close
to two and a half years
following their action that launched
in May, 2015.
Remember those dramatic dawn raids
we saw in Zurich against Fifa
officials in a 5-star Hotel,
that's where this started,
42 people indicted.
These two men have pleaded not
guilty, taking it to court and now
we have partial verdicts finding two
guilty on a number of those counts.
As you say we expect
the final decision on Tuesday
for the final count.
You have followed this
for a long time, in terms
of Fifa and the future,
can this verdict, can you put
it into context for us?
Fifa was blindsided in May, 2015,
when the raids happened.
I was sat in the hotel
early in the morning
watching Jose Maria Marin,
the former head of Brazilian
football, being led away by Swiss
authorities on behalf
of their American counterparts.
He was extradited to New York
and there was shock
through the system that finally,
what many had suspected had been
going on in the game,
had caught up with it.
US authorities pursued
charges against a number
of those people, 42 in total.
24 in total have played guilty,
hoping to receive more lenient
sentences in return for cooperating.
Over the last five weeks many have
been in this court room
in Brooklyn to give evidence
against the three men.
That shows the lengths
and depths this has gone to.
Fifa says this has
nothing to do with them,
it's about South American
contracts, TV rights,
it was only because these men
were members of their organisation
that we've been dragged into it.
Some say that the tone was set
at the top and this has been
allowed to flourish.
Prosecutors will be quietly
satisfied that they've managed
to get those convictions on a number
of key charges against two men
who will return to court next week
to see if the jury can reach
a decision on the final count,
against Manuel Burga.
That final count is expected on
The fourth election in as many years
in the Spanish region of Catalonia
has demonstrated just how divided
the region remains.
The party that won the most
votes doesn't support
independence for Catalonia -
but put together the separatist
parties are able to
form a slim majority.
The sacked pro-independence
Catalan leader, Carles
Puigdemont, has called
on the Spanish prime minister
to negotiate a political solution.
James Reynolds reports.
Catalonia's pro-independence voters
enjoyed their victory.
And now they want their power back.
Starting with the return
from exile of their deposed
leader, Carles Puigdemont.
But he can't just fly
back from Belgium.
He faces arrest in Spain
on the charge of rebellion.
So, from Brussels this afternoon,
Mr Puigdemont had a message
for Spain: let's talk.
We want to be an independent state.
This is the wish of
the Catalan people.
The next step is to talk
with President Mariano Rajoy.
We need to find new ways,
the political solution
for our crisis between the Spanish
state and Catalonia.
That offer doesn't
interest Spain's leader.
This afternoon, Mariano Rajoy made
it clear, if Carles Puigdemont isn't
here, he can't talk to him.
I will have to talk
with the person who actually
occupies the office of president
of the Catalan regional government.
For this to happen, they need
to take up their seat and be
in a position to talk with me.
The crisis began months ago when
a pro-independence administration
faced off against the
government in Madrid.
There followed months
of argument, protest,
debate, emergency measures,
and then the vote.
Now, Catalans find that they are
right back to where they were
when the crisis began.
Nobody has really changed sides.
For now, the local government
headquarters here awaits
its permanent occupant.
The man who won this election can't
come to take up his old job.
The law says that all sides
now have until April
to decide what to do next.
James Reynolds, BBC News, Barcelona.
Life expectancy in the United States
has dropped for a second consecutive
year, experts say this is caused by
a worsening opioid problem. Patients
have turned to heroin and other
drugs after their prescriptions
With an increase by 28% since 2015.
More than 15,000 people died because
of a heroin overdose. We can turn to
my colleague in Washington. My
goodness, these statistics have been
described as shocking, the last time
of the US life expectancy fell
consecutively was in the 1920s.
was actually in the 1960s, but it is
five decades ago since we have had
that W dip. It doesn't quite
indicate a trend -- we have had that
double year dip. But they are
nervous about the figures when they
will be collating the next year. It
is worrying. It still one of the top
ten killers in America, overdoses,
things like cancer and heart disease
are way ahead of anything in terms
of the number of people they kill
but they are dropping. Overdoses
were one of the three areas that
were rising this year. Suicide is on
the rise, death from outside Mr is a
and also death from self injury --
death from Alzheimer's disease. It
is not to do with the opioids that
people were worried about in the
past, because those overdoses have
decreased, but what is happening
now, heroin is being contaminated
with synthetic opioids especially
one called fentanyl, especially in
some of the states in the middle of
the US, places like I'll hire and
West Virginia where I've been to
look at this problem. This stuff is
horrendously potent, a few grains
can kill you, some people said is
100 times stronger than heroine and
the number of people succumbing to
overdoses from that are rocketing.
Where are addicts able to get hold
It is on the street for
them they don't often know they are
taking it, because it is mixed in
and it comes in some cases from
China. There is a grim, the State 81
which runs in Baltimore to West
Virginia, they say that is the
heroin highway, and much of that
stuff comes through there into some
really quite poor communities,
post-industrial communities, where
unemployment is higher than
elsewhere, where there is not much
prospect and that can be a route
that people end up taking. Some
people go through that route after
suffering injuries and moving on
from prescription drugs and others
start taking it recreationally, very
dangerous situation. We have seen
mortality rates in the 2018-2044 age
group going through the ceiling
really -- in the 18-44 age group.
Gary, thanks for joining us. Much
more on that story on our website
but we have much more to come
including the first visit by a
British Foreign Minister to Moscow
for five years. So how did it go?
This is BBC World News Today.
The latest headlines:
The UN Security Council has
unanimously backed tough
new sanctions against North Korea,
restricting its ability
to import oil.
Two former Fifa bosses have been
found guilty by a court in New York
of accepting millions of dollars in
The first visit by a British foreign
minister to Moscow for five years
has ended in public disagreement.
Boris Johnson accused Russia
of meddling in the UK election
and Brexit referendum.
His Russian counterpart,
foreign minister Sergei Lavrov,
responded by accusing the UK
allegations against it.
Our diplomatic correspondent
James Robbins reports from Moscow.
Handshakes can be deceptive.
True, this Foreign Secretary has
broken a five-year British boycott
of visits to Moscow.
But when Russia's Sergei Lavrov
says he wants a return
to business as usual,
Boris Johnson says
As you rightly say, Sergei,
things are not easy
between us at the moment.
The talks aired the grievances
on both sides and examined space
for a limited cooperation,
by supporting the Iran
nuclear deal together,
and opposing the nuclear threat
from North Korea.
But deep disagreements remain.
At their joint news
conference, that was stark.
For all the attempts at banter,
there was a seriousness
when Sergei Lavrov tried to brush
off British allegations of Russian
meddling in foreign elections.
Boris Johnson, recently stated
he had no evidence that Russia
meddled in the referendum
on the withdrawal of Britain
from the European Union.
I think is the word.
Not successfully is the word that
I think you need to introduce.
He is scared if he doesn't disagree
with me, his reputation will be
ruined in the media at home.
Sergei, it's your reputation
I'm worried about.
But this was dark, serious humour.
When Boris Johnson was asked
if he trusted Russia's foreign
minister, he tried to make
light of that.
You know, it's a measure of my trust
that as soon as I got into this
excellent Foreign Ministry,
I immediately handed my coat,
my hat, my gloves and indeed
everything that was in my pockets,
secret or otherwise,
to Sergei Lavrov.
I can say
there was nothing in
the pockets of Boris' coat.
So how did relations
go from bad to worse?
Russia's use of radioactive poison
to murder Alexander Litvinenko
in the middle of London
started the slide.
Three years ago, Russia's
annexation of Crimea
and interference in Ukraine,
provoked tough EU sanctions
strongly backed by Britain.
Then last month, Theresa May accused
Russia of cyber espionage
and meddling in elections.
Britain says it has cyber weaponry
to retaliate if attacks get worse.
So, striding across Red Square,
the Foreign Secretary
was no mere tourist.
He was nodding to Russia's historic
greatness, while pressing
for a radical change of direction.
Coming here to Red Square, Boris
Johnson insists he loves Russia.
He points to his name,
the fact he has Russian ancestry.
What he doesn't love
is the present Russian government.
So, paying his tribute at the tomb
of Russia's unknown soldier had
a particular symbolism.
Britain and Russia fought together
against Hitler as allies.
Restoring that closeness now
seems a long way off.
And now we can catch up with all of
the sport. It is a draw at the
moment between Arsenal and
It has been a wonderful
game, festive Friday night fixture,
fifth place against fourth place in
the Premier League, it has been a
great game for the neutrals, 3-3 is
the latest score, Arsenal were
losing 2-0 on to a devastating
five-minute second-half spell where
they scored three goals to make it
3-2 but Firmino has got Liverpool
back in the game. 76 minutes on the
clock. We could have more goals at
the Emirates. Real Madrid against
Barcelona is or was a huge game but
while Barcelona are six points clear
at the top their rivals Real Madrid
are long way behind them -- is
always. This weekend of's El Clasico
is as much about the political
situation in Spain as it is about
They are the
superstars who define their era, the
players on each side of football's
rate is going, with Lionel Messi and
Ronaldo fans tend to divide but now
there are greater divisions in
Spain. This is the first El Clasico
since the band independence
referendum in October and it comes
days since Catalonia went to the
polls again and amongst the voters
was Gerard Pique a Barcelona, a
prized asset for his region and his
To be able to
vote historically has not always
been possible in this country and
now it is, we have to defend it.
This isn't a rival use to bring
sides together but football
sometimes can heal some of the
This comes after the
election that took place yesterday,
both sides, after this, everyone
feels more release and I think
everyone wants to focus on sport.
This will be common ground, a place
for everybody, and of course
Barcelona will want to win this game
because this is a big step for La
Barcelona I enjoying football
dominance at the moment, leading
Real Madrid by 11 points and most
telling -- although sport won't fix
everything, there will be plenty for
both of them to enjoy. Now cricket.
Rohit Sharma has equalled the record
for the fastest international 2020
century and with it helping his side
wrap up the series against Sri
Lanka. He made his century off 35
balls matching the South African
David Miller who made a century
against Bangladesh in October. Sri
Lanka could not chase down the huge
total of 261. India won the match
and they are leading the three match
series 2-0. That is all the sport.
Britain will get a new passport
in 2019 when it leaves
the European Union.
The government has announced that
it's going back to the old-style
dark blue and gold hardback passport
carried by British citizens before
the introduction of the pan-European
burgundy design in 1988.
Our correspondent explains why this
decision is making headlines.
If we have a look at The Sun
newspaper, their headline, the
return of the great British
passport, and on the front you can
see a love iconic blue passport.
They have had a 17 month campaign to
get the government to go back to the
old style passport. Some people may
struggle with recognising the colour
of that passport on the front, many
people say their passport was dark
blue and some have said there's was
black in colour, but that the 17
month campaign to go back to that
old style blue passport. As with
anything Brexit, many divided
opinions, people who backed Remain,
many weren't born when the passport
was phased out, and some have said
it is not the colour that matters
but actually where people will be
allowed to go, and there are some
comments here, about this restoring
identity for the one person says we
have always been a great nation and
we don't need to change the colour
of the passport to show that.
Another person says this is another
example of us trying to go back to
the previous century for top but for
Brexiteers this was a central demand
when they wanted to get out of the
EU and one man who is very happy
about this, former Ukip leader Nigel
Farage, he said, he was very happy.
I'm pleased that this burgundy
coloured passport is going to be
replaced by traditional navy blue.
It is the first bit of good news
Brexiteers have had for a while, the
last two months have been
frustrating with delays and
transition period foreign courts
having too much say, and I think
today, noble -- knowing we are going
to get a British passport back, it
is happy Brexmas.
government never had to change the
colour of the passport full stop The
Sun was forced upon the nation
in fact it wasn't, Britain did not
have to change the colour. Croatia,
they kept their blue colour after
joining the union. They kept the
blue passport after they joined the
EU in 2013, so they didn't have to
change the colour to burgundy. They
went along with others who did it.
If you have any opinions on any of
our stories you can get in touch
with me and some of the team through
social media. Thanks for watching.