22/12/2017 World News Today


22/12/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Kasia Madera.

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Our top stories.

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The UN Security Council unanimously

backs tough new sanctions

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against North Korea, restricting

its ability to import oil.

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Today for the tenth time this

council stands united

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against a North Korean regime that

rejects the pursuit of peace.

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Two former Fifa bosses are found

guilty by a court in New York

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of accepting millions

of dollars in bribes.

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The Spanish Prime Minister says he

is ready to talk to whoever is in

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charge of the regional government in

Catalonia.

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And coming up...

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From EU burgundy to British blue -

the UK passport is set to change

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colour after Brexit.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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The United Nations

Security Council has

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passed tough new sanctions

on North Korea that will cut oil

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supplies vital for Pyongyang's

missile and nuclear programs.

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With China's backing, the council

unanimously adopted this US draft

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resolution that forces

the repatriation of North Korean

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workers abroad, cutting off another

revenue stream of

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Kim Jong-un's regime.

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Here's what the US ambassador

to the UN, Nikki Haley had

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to say a short time ago.

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Today, for the tenth time,

this council stands united

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against the North Korean regime that

rejects the pursuit of peace.

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The Kim regime continues to defy

the resolutions of this council,

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the norms of civilised behaviour

and the patience of

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the international community.

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Their arrogance and hostility

to anything productive

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has set their country

on a destructive path.

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The BBC's UN reporter

Nada Tawfik joined me earlier.

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Rex Tillerson said he wanted to see

this, President Trump even called

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President Xi to say he wanted oil

supplies cut off and we've seen

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the Security Council bring tougher

sanctions, getting to this point.

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To give a sense

of how much this will

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hurt Pyongyang, in 2016

according to the US,

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they got 4.5 million barrels

of refined petroleum.

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Now they will get 500,000

barrels, nearly 90% cut

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to what is a lifeline

for Kim Jong-un's struggling economy

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and a lifeline, a vital part

of his nuclear missile programme.

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Diplomats hope that

if this doesn't, as past

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sanctions haven't, convince

Kim Jong-un to abandon his nuclear

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programme, it will hurt his

credibility to conduct tests.

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Unanimous decision at

the Security Council with the US

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ambassador Nikki Haley

saying they will further put

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pressure on Pyongyang if he

continues to defy resolutions.

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Let's dissect the measures.

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It's not just oil,

what else is involved?

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Yeah, absolutely,

this actually tells

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countries, especially China

and Russia, who are hosting 100,000

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North Korean guest workers, tells

these countries that they have 24

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months to pull them out.

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The UN has described

these workers as toiling

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in slave like conditions.

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And the North Korean

regime heavily taxes them,

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so they take most of their

earnings.

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That is trying to cut off

that source of revenue.

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Also trying to close

loopholes, allowing

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countries to seize ships

which they think are carrying

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illicit cargo from North Korea.

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And it toughens some

of the major exports from North

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Korea that passed

resolutions set out.

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A further ban on textiles and coal

for example, two important

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parts of North Korea's economy.

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A mix of guilty and not guilty

verdicts have been handed down

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to three former Fifa officials

accused of accepting millions

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of dollars in bribes.

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The trial in New York City

was part of a United States

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investigation into corruption

at the football governing body.

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A short time ago, I spoke

with our sports correspondent,

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Richard Conway, about the verdicts.

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The jury have deliberated for

the sixth day-to-day.

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It came back into court a short time

after 1pm local time to tell

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the judge that they had partial

verdicts on the defendants.

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What they came back with after some

lengthy legal argument

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is that Juan Angel Napout,

the former head of the South

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American football Confederation,

he's guilty on three out of five

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corruption charges that he faced.

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Jose Maria Marin, the former head

of Brazilian football and another

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big figure within world football,

has been found guilty on six out

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of the seven counts he faced,

relating to charges such as wire

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fraud, marketeering,

conspiracy and money-laundering.

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The one count against Manuel Burga,

the head of the Peruvian FA,

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is still undecided and the jury

will have to comeback

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and continue deliberations

against Manuel Burga.

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US prosecutors have pursued

this case for close

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to two and a half years

following their action that launched

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in May, 2015.

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Remember those dramatic dawn raids

we saw in Zurich against Fifa

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officials in a 5-star Hotel,

that's where this started,

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42 people indicted.

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These two men have pleaded not

guilty, taking it to court and now

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we have partial verdicts finding two

guilty on a number of those counts.

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As you say we expect

the final decision on Tuesday

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for the final count.

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You have followed this

for a long time, in terms

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of Fifa and the future,

can this verdict, can you put

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it into context for us?

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Fifa was blindsided in May, 2015,

when the raids happened.

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I was sat in the hotel

early in the morning

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watching Jose Maria Marin,

the former head of Brazilian

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football, being led away by Swiss

authorities on behalf

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of their American counterparts.

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He was extradited to New York

and there was shock

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through the system that finally,

what many had suspected had been

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going on in the game,

had caught up with it.

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US authorities pursued

charges against a number

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of those people, 42 in total.

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24 in total have played guilty,

hoping to receive more lenient

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sentences in return for cooperating.

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Over the last five weeks many have

been in this court room

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in Brooklyn to give evidence

against the three men.

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That shows the lengths

and depths this has gone to.

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Fifa says this has

nothing to do with them,

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it's about South American

contracts, TV rights,

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it was only because these men

were members of their organisation

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that we've been dragged into it.

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Some say that the tone was set

at the top and this has been

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allowed to flourish.

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Prosecutors will be quietly

satisfied that they've managed

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to get those convictions on a number

of key charges against two men

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who will return to court next week

to see if the jury can reach

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a decision on the final count,

against Manuel Burga.

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That final count is expected on

Tuesday.

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The fourth election in as many years

in the Spanish region of Catalonia

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has demonstrated just how divided

the region remains.

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The party that won the most

votes doesn't support

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independence for Catalonia -

but put together the separatist

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parties are able to

form a slim majority.

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The sacked pro-independence

Catalan leader, Carles

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Puigdemont, has called

on the Spanish prime minister

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to negotiate a political solution.

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James Reynolds reports.

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Catalonia's pro-independence voters

enjoyed their victory.

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And now they want their power back.

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Starting with the return

from exile of their deposed

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leader, Carles Puigdemont.

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But he can't just fly

back from Belgium.

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He faces arrest in Spain

on the charge of rebellion.

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So, from Brussels this afternoon,

Mr Puigdemont had a message

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for Spain: let's talk.

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We want to be an independent state.

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This is the wish of

the Catalan people.

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The next step is to talk

with President Mariano Rajoy.

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We need to find new ways,

the political solution

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for our crisis between the Spanish

state and Catalonia.

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That offer doesn't

interest Spain's leader.

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This afternoon, Mariano Rajoy made

it clear, if Carles Puigdemont isn't

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here, he can't talk to him.

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TRANSLATION:

I will have to talk

with the person who actually

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occupies the office of president

of the Catalan regional government.

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For this to happen, they need

to take up their seat and be

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in a position to talk with me.

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The crisis began months ago when

a pro-independence administration

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faced off against the

government in Madrid.

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There followed months

of argument, protest,

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debate, emergency measures,

and then the vote.

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Now, Catalans find that they are

right back to where they were

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when the crisis began.

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Nobody has really changed sides.

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For now, the local government

headquarters here awaits

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its permanent occupant.

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The man who won this election can't

come to take up his old job.

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The law says that all sides

now have until April

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to decide what to do next.

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James Reynolds, BBC News, Barcelona.

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Life expectancy in the United States

has dropped for a second consecutive

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year, experts say this is caused by

a worsening opioid problem. Patients

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have turned to heroin and other

drugs after their prescriptions

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stop.

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With an increase by 28% since 2015.

More than 15,000 people died because

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of a heroin overdose. We can turn to

my colleague in Washington. My

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goodness, these statistics have been

described as shocking, the last time

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of the US life expectancy fell

consecutively was in the 1920s.

It

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was actually in the 1960s, but it is

five decades ago since we have had

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that W dip. It doesn't quite

indicate a trend -- we have had that

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double year dip. But they are

nervous about the figures when they

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will be collating the next year. It

is worrying. It still one of the top

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ten killers in America, overdoses,

things like cancer and heart disease

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are way ahead of anything in terms

of the number of people they kill

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but they are dropping. Overdoses

were one of the three areas that

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were rising this year. Suicide is on

the rise, death from outside Mr is a

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and also death from self injury --

death from Alzheimer's disease. It

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is not to do with the opioids that

people were worried about in the

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past, because those overdoses have

decreased, but what is happening

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now, heroin is being contaminated

with synthetic opioids especially

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one called fentanyl, especially in

some of the states in the middle of

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the US, places like I'll hire and

West Virginia where I've been to

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look at this problem. This stuff is

horrendously potent, a few grains

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can kill you, some people said is

100 times stronger than heroine and

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the number of people succumbing to

overdoses from that are rocketing.

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Where are addicts able to get hold

of fentanyl?

It is on the street for

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them they don't often know they are

taking it, because it is mixed in

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and it comes in some cases from

China. There is a grim, the State 81

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which runs in Baltimore to West

Virginia, they say that is the

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heroin highway, and much of that

stuff comes through there into some

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really quite poor communities,

post-industrial communities, where

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unemployment is higher than

elsewhere, where there is not much

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prospect and that can be a route

that people end up taking. Some

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people go through that route after

suffering injuries and moving on

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from prescription drugs and others

start taking it recreationally, very

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dangerous situation. We have seen

mortality rates in the 2018-2044 age

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group going through the ceiling

really -- in the 18-44 age group.

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Gary, thanks for joining us. Much

more on that story on our website

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but we have much more to come

including the first visit by a

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British Foreign Minister to Moscow

for five years. So how did it go?

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This is BBC World News Today.

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The latest headlines:

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The UN Security Council has

unanimously backed tough

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new sanctions against North Korea,

restricting its ability

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to import oil.

0:15:520:15:57

Two former Fifa bosses have been

found guilty by a court in New York

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of accepting millions of dollars in

bribes.

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The first visit by a British foreign

minister to Moscow for five years

0:16:060:16:11

has ended in public disagreement.

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Boris Johnson accused Russia

of meddling in the UK election

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and Brexit referendum.

0:16:160:16:17

His Russian counterpart,

foreign minister Sergei Lavrov,

0:16:170:16:19

responded by accusing the UK

of fabricating

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allegations against it.

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Our diplomatic correspondent

James Robbins reports from Moscow.

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Handshakes can be deceptive.

0:16:370:16:38

True, this Foreign Secretary has

broken a five-year British boycott

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of visits to Moscow.

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But when Russia's Sergei Lavrov

says he wants a return

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to business as usual,

Boris Johnson says

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that's impossible.

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As you rightly say, Sergei,

things are not easy

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between us at the moment.

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The talks aired the grievances

on both sides and examined space

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for a limited cooperation,

by supporting the Iran

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nuclear deal together,

and opposing the nuclear threat

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from North Korea.

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But deep disagreements remain.

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At their joint news

conference, that was stark.

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For all the attempts at banter,

there was a seriousness

0:17:130:17:16

when Sergei Lavrov tried to brush

off British allegations of Russian

0:17:160:17:20

meddling in foreign elections.

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TRANSLATION:

My neighbour,

Boris Johnson, recently stated

0:17:240:17:28

he had no evidence that Russia

meddled in the referendum

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on the withdrawal of Britain

from the European Union.

0:17:310:17:33

Not successfully.

0:17:340:17:35

Not successfully,

I think is the word.

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Not successfully is the word that

I think you need to introduce.

0:17:380:17:41

TRANSLATION:

You see?

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He is scared if he doesn't disagree

with me, his reputation will be

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ruined in the media at home.

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I...

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Sergei, it's your reputation

I'm worried about.

0:17:500:17:54

But this was dark, serious humour.

0:17:540:17:56

When Boris Johnson was asked

if he trusted Russia's foreign

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minister, he tried to make

light of that.

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You know, it's a measure of my trust

that as soon as I got into this

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excellent Foreign Ministry,

I immediately handed my coat,

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my hat, my gloves and indeed

everything that was in my pockets,

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secret or otherwise,

to Sergei Lavrov.

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TRANSLATION:

I can say

there was nothing in

0:18:210:18:24

the pockets of Boris' coat.

0:18:240:18:27

So how did relations

go from bad to worse?

0:18:270:18:31

Russia's use of radioactive poison

to murder Alexander Litvinenko

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in the middle of London

started the slide.

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Three years ago, Russia's

annexation of Crimea

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and interference in Ukraine,

provoked tough EU sanctions

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strongly backed by Britain.

0:18:440:18:47

Then last month, Theresa May accused

Russia of cyber espionage

0:18:470:18:52

and meddling in elections.

0:18:520:18:53

Britain says it has cyber weaponry

to retaliate if attacks get worse.

0:18:530:18:57

So, striding across Red Square,

the Foreign Secretary

0:18:570:19:02

was no mere tourist.

0:19:020:19:09

He was nodding to Russia's historic

greatness, while pressing

0:19:090:19:11

for a radical change of direction.

0:19:110:19:13

Coming here to Red Square, Boris

Johnson insists he loves Russia.

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He points to his name,

the fact he has Russian ancestry.

0:19:150:19:18

What he doesn't love

is the present Russian government.

0:19:180:19:20

So, paying his tribute at the tomb

of Russia's unknown soldier had

0:19:200:19:23

a particular symbolism.

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Britain and Russia fought together

against Hitler as allies.

0:19:240:19:29

Restoring that closeness now

seems a long way off.

0:19:290:19:35

And now we can catch up with all of

the sport. It is a draw at the

0:19:360:19:42

moment between Arsenal and

Liverpool.

It has been a wonderful

0:19:420:19:45

game, festive Friday night fixture,

fifth place against fourth place in

0:19:450:19:50

the Premier League, it has been a

great game for the neutrals, 3-3 is

0:19:500:19:55

the latest score, Arsenal were

losing 2-0 on to a devastating

0:19:550:20:00

five-minute second-half spell where

they scored three goals to make it

0:20:000:20:05

3-2 but Firmino has got Liverpool

back in the game. 76 minutes on the

0:20:050:20:09

clock. We could have more goals at

the Emirates. Real Madrid against

0:20:090:20:15

Barcelona is or was a huge game but

while Barcelona are six points clear

0:20:150:20:19

at the top their rivals Real Madrid

are long way behind them -- is

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always. This weekend of's El Clasico

is as much about the political

0:20:240:20:30

situation in Spain as it is about

the football.

They are the

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superstars who define their era, the

players on each side of football's

0:20:370:20:41

rate is going, with Lionel Messi and

Ronaldo fans tend to divide but now

0:20:410:20:48

there are greater divisions in

Spain. This is the first El Clasico

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since the band independence

referendum in October and it comes

0:20:550:20:58

days since Catalonia went to the

polls again and amongst the voters

0:20:580:21:02

was Gerard Pique a Barcelona, a

prized asset for his region and his

0:21:020:21:07

country. TRANSLATION:

To be able to

vote historically has not always

0:21:070:21:13

been possible in this country and

now it is, we have to defend it.

0:21:130:21:20

This isn't a rival use to bring

sides together but football

0:21:200:21:23

sometimes can heal some of the

wounds.

This comes after the

0:21:230:21:27

election that took place yesterday,

both sides, after this, everyone

0:21:270:21:33

feels more release and I think

everyone wants to focus on sport.

0:21:330:21:39

This will be common ground, a place

for everybody, and of course

0:21:390:21:45

Barcelona will want to win this game

because this is a big step for La

0:21:450:21:48

Liga.

Barcelona I enjoying football

dominance at the moment, leading

0:21:480:21:54

Real Madrid by 11 points and most

telling -- although sport won't fix

0:21:540:22:04

everything, there will be plenty for

both of them to enjoy. Now cricket.

0:22:040:22:10

Rohit Sharma has equalled the record

for the fastest international 2020

0:22:100:22:14

century and with it helping his side

wrap up the series against Sri

0:22:140:22:17

Lanka. He made his century off 35

balls matching the South African

0:22:170:22:24

David Miller who made a century

against Bangladesh in October. Sri

0:22:240:22:29

Lanka could not chase down the huge

total of 261. India won the match

0:22:290:22:36

and they are leading the three match

series 2-0. That is all the sport.

0:22:360:22:44

Britain will get a new passport

in 2019 when it leaves

0:22:440:22:47

the European Union.

0:22:470:22:48

The government has announced that

it's going back to the old-style

0:22:480:22:52

dark blue and gold hardback passport

carried by British citizens before

0:22:520:22:56

the introduction of the pan-European

burgundy design in 1988.

0:22:560:23:03

Our correspondent explains why this

decision is making headlines.

0:23:030:23:06

If we have a look at The Sun

newspaper, their headline, the

0:23:060:23:12

return of the great British

passport, and on the front you can

0:23:120:23:18

see a love iconic blue passport.

They have had a 17 month campaign to

0:23:180:23:24

get the government to go back to the

old style passport. Some people may

0:23:240:23:30

struggle with recognising the colour

of that passport on the front, many

0:23:300:23:34

people say their passport was dark

blue and some have said there's was

0:23:340:23:40

black in colour, but that the 17

month campaign to go back to that

0:23:400:23:44

old style blue passport. As with

anything Brexit, many divided

0:23:440:23:52

opinions, people who backed Remain,

many weren't born when the passport

0:23:520:23:58

was phased out, and some have said

it is not the colour that matters

0:23:580:24:00

but actually where people will be

allowed to go, and there are some

0:24:000:24:06

comments here, about this restoring

identity for the one person says we

0:24:060:24:12

have always been a great nation and

we don't need to change the colour

0:24:120:24:15

of the passport to show that.

Another person says this is another

0:24:150:24:19

example of us trying to go back to

the previous century for top but for

0:24:190:24:29

Brexiteers this was a central demand

when they wanted to get out of the

0:24:290:24:32

EU and one man who is very happy

about this, former Ukip leader Nigel

0:24:320:24:37

Farage, he said, he was very happy.

I'm pleased that this burgundy

0:24:370:24:46

coloured passport is going to be

replaced by traditional navy blue.

0:24:460:24:50

It is the first bit of good news

Brexiteers have had for a while, the

0:24:500:24:55

last two months have been

frustrating with delays and

0:24:550:24:57

transition period foreign courts

having too much say, and I think

0:24:570:25:01

today, noble -- knowing we are going

to get a British passport back, it

0:25:010:25:10

is happy Brexmas.

The British

government never had to change the

0:25:100:25:20

colour of the passport full stop The

Sun was forced upon the nation

but

0:25:200:25:24

in fact it wasn't, Britain did not

have to change the colour. Croatia,

0:25:240:25:31

they kept their blue colour after

joining the union. They kept the

0:25:310:25:37

blue passport after they joined the

EU in 2013, so they didn't have to

0:25:370:25:43

change the colour to burgundy. They

went along with others who did it.

0:25:430:25:51

If you have any opinions on any of

our stories you can get in touch

0:25:510:25:55

with me and some of the team through

social media. Thanks for watching.

0:25:550:26:08

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