22/12/2017 World News Today


22/12/2017

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This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Kasia Madera.

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Our top stories.

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The UN Security Council unanimously

backs tougher sanctions

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against North Korea,

in response to its recent

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ballistic missile tests.

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Two former Fifa bosses have been

found guilty by a court in New York

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of accepting millions

of dollars in bribes.

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Clashes have broken out

in the West Bank between Israeli

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troops and Palestinians protesting

against Donald Trump's decision

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to recognise Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel.

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We'll hear about the fully-automated

computer system that can trap sexual

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predators from thousands of miles

away.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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Within the hour, the United Nations

Security Council has

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passed tough new sanctions

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on North Korea that will cut oil

supplies vital for Pyongyang's

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missile and nuclear programs.

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We can look at some images from New

York where a short time ago, with

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China's backing, the council

unanimously adopted this US draft

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resolution that forces the

repatriation of North Korean workers

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abroad, cutting off another revenue

stream of Kim Jong-un's regime.

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Here's what the US ambassador

to the UN, Nikki Haley had

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to say a short time ago.

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Today, for the tenth time,

this council stands united

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against the North Korean regime that

rejects the pursuit of peace.

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The Kim regime continues to defy

the resolutions of this council,

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the norms of civilised behaviour

and the patience of

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the international community.

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Their arrogance and hostility

to anything productive

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has set their country

on a destructive path.

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That was Nikki Haley.

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The BBC's UN reporter Nada Tawfik

joins me from New York.

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This just coming through over the

last hour. Interesting that now we

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finally see China supporting this.

They have taken what Rex Tillerson,

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his critique his accusation that

they weren't committed, to heart.

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Yeah, absolutely, as you say, Rex

Tillerson said he wanted to see

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this, president Trump even called

President Xi to say he wanted oil

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supplies cut off and we've seen the

Security Council, after tougher

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sanctions, getting to this point. To

give a sense of how much this will

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hurt Pyongyang, in 2016 according to

the US, beyond Yang got 4.5 million

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barrels of refined petroleum. Now

they will get 500,000 barrels, a

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nearly 90% cut to what is a lifeline

for Kim Jong-un's struggling economy

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and a lifeline, a vital part of his

nuclear missile programme. Diplomats

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hope that if this doesn't, as past

sanctions haven't, convince Kim

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Jong-un two abandon his nuclear

programme, it will hurt his

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credibility to conduct tests.

Unanimous at the Security Council

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with the US ambassador Nikki Haley

saying they will further put

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pressure on Pyongyang if he

continues to defy resolutions.

Let's

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dissect the measures. It's not just

oil, what else is involved?

Yeah,

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absolutely, this actually tells

countries, especially China and

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Russia, who are hosting 100,000

North Korean guest workers, tells

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these countries that they have 24

months to pull them out. The UN has

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described these workers as toiling

in slave like conditions and the

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North Korean regime heavily taxes

them, so they take most of their

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earnings. That is trying to cut off

that source of revenue. Also trying

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to close loopholes, allowing

countries to seize ships which they

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think are carrying illicit cargo

from North Korea. And it toughens

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some of the major exports from North

Korea that passed resolutions that

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out. A further ban on textiles and

coal for example, two important

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parts of North Korea's economy.

Thank you for joining us.

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The vote coming in over the last

hour. Interesting that China voted

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to support it.

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Within the past half-hour

a mix of guilty and not

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guilty verdicts have been

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handed down to three former Fifa

officials accused of accepting

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millions of dollars in bribes.

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The trial in New York City was part

of a United States investigation

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into corruption at the football

governing body.

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Our sports correspondent

Richard Conway joins me from outside

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the court in Brooklyn,

New York.

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So, we have partial verdicts,

Richard?

That's right, the jury have

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deliberated for the sixth

day-to-day. It came back into court

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a short time after 1pm local time to

tell the judge that they have

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partial verdicts on the defendants.

What they came back with after some

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lengthy legal argument is that Juan

Angel Napout, the former head of the

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South American football

Confederation, he's guilty on three

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out of five corruption charges that

he faced. Jose Maria Marin, the

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former head of Brazilian football

and another big figure within world

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football, has been found guilty on

six out of the seven counts he

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faced, relating to charges such as

wire fraud, marketeering, conspiracy

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and money-laundering. The one count

against Manuel Burga, the head of

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the per ruby and FAA, is still

undecided and the jury will have two

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comeback and continue deliberations

against Manuel Burga -- wrote the FA

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of Baru. -- the Football Association

of Peru. US prosecutors have pursued

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this for close to two and a half

years following their action that

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launched in May, 2015. Post dramatic

dawn raids we saw in Zurich against

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Fifa officials in a 5-star Hotel,

that's where this started, 42 people

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indicted. These two men have pleaded

not guilty, taking it to court and

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now we have partial verdicts finding

two guilty on a number of those

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counts.

As you say we expect the

final decision on Tuesday for the

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final count. You follow this for a

long time, in terms of Fifa and the

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future, can this verdict, can you

put it into context?

Fifa was

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blindsided in May, 2015 when the

raids happened. I was sat in the

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Hotel early in the morning and

watching Jose Maria Marin, the

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former head of Brazilian football,

being led away by Swiss authorities

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on behalf of their American

counterparts. He was extradited to

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New York and there was shock through

the system that finally, what many

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had suspected had been going on in

the game, had caught up with it. US

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authorities pursued charges against

a number of those people, 42. 24 in

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total have played guilty, hoping to

receive more lenient sentences in

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return for cooperating. Over the

last five weeks many have been in

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this court room in Brooklyn to give

evidence against the three men. That

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shows the lengths and depths this

has gone too. Fifa says this has

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nothing to do with them, it is about

South American contracts, TV rights,

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it was only because these men were

then those of the organisation that

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we've been dragged into it. Some say

that the tone was set at the top and

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this has been allowed to flourish.

Prosecutors will be quietly

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satisfied that they've managed to

get those convictions on a number of

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key charges against two men who will

return to court next week to see if

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the jury can reach a decision on the

final count, against Manuel Burga.

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Thank you for joining us.

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It's a growing problem in countries

like the Philippines -

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children put to work in front

of webcams, forced to perform sex

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shows for paedophiles watching

on the other side of the world.

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In 2013, a Dutch NGO tried to find

out how big the problem was,

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by using the fake online profile

of a ten-year-old Filipina girl,

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they called her Sweetie.

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More than 1,000 men

offered her money.

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Sweetie's been retired

but the team behind her

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are launching a new project,

this time targeting individual

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Angus Crawford reports.

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Online, undercover,

searching chat rooms,

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looking for predators.

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Sweetie is back.

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Always it's about sex.

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And always it's about adults

who want to talk about sex.

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Look, he's British, like many

others, and remember

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they are talking to what they think

is an 11-year-old girl.

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Remember this?

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I'm not real.

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The computer-generated...

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Back then, Sweetie needed human

operators to type her chats online.

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The new version is different.

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The popping up.

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Fully automated, she can

now handle hundreds

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of conversations at the same time.

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So you could be getting

the information on thousands of men?

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There is no end.

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Sweetie's avatar has been retired

and replaced by two new ones,

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sometimes being shown

to predators via webcam.

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But we can't show you or they'd

be no use any more.

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They invite them into their house,

which is the cybersex den...

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So, why is this new campaign?

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Here's why.

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In the Philippines more and more

children are being forced to sell

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sex to foreigners via webcam.

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Five people were arrested

and there were more than 600 foreign

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customers in the network.

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He has turned on his camera...

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Sweetie first showed us

the scale of the problem.

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Now the team is going on the

offensive against men like this.

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He's naked and he thinks

he knows you're just 12.

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Exactly.

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And he wants you...

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To be naked...

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To turn on your camera...

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Be naked, as well.

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I think he will...

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Take off his trousers.

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Their details could be

passed to the police.

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And they'll get a nasty shock.

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An automatic message sent

straight to their inbox.

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That will have a major

impact on their behaviour.

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We know who you are,

we know where you are,

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we know what you want, stop this.

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Sweetie's job was to raise

awareness, not catch criminals.

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This man, Australian Scott Hanson,

was one of the few to be prosecuted.

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But in many countries this kind

of evidence doesn't count.

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Some police forces support

the project, others don't.

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But the Sweetie team go on,

searching chat rooms,

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turning the same technology used

to exploit children back against

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the predators who seek them out.

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Angus Crawford, BBC News.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

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Donald Trump has signed

a $1.5 trillion tax bill into law,

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before heading to his Florida

resort for Christmas.

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The legislation cuts the corporate

rate of tax from 35% to 21%

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and includes funds

for missile defence.

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It's the biggest overhaul to the US

tax system in decades.

0:12:130:12:22

The price of Bitcoin has plummeted

by 30% in just one day -

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marking the worst week

for the cryptocurrency since 2013.

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It follows days of high-profile

security problems at two exchanges -

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as well as stark warnings

from global regulators

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about the risks posed

by cryptocurrencies.

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The Ugandan army has attacked

rebel camps in the east

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of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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The rebel groups have set up camps

on the border of Uganda.

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The rebel group has been blamed

for a recent deadly attack on UN

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peacekeepers in the DRC.

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The fourth election in as many years

in the Spanish region of Catalonia

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has demonstrated just how divided

the region remains.

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The party that won the most

votes doesn't support

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independence for Catalonia -

but put together the separatist

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parties are able to

form a slim majority.

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The sacked pro-independence

Catalan leader, Carles

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Puigdemont, has called

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on the Spanish prime minister

to negotiate a political solution.

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James Reynolds reports.

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Catalonia's pro-independence voters

enjoyed their victory.

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And now they want their power back.

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Starting with the return

from exile of their deposed

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leader, Carles Puigdemont.

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But he can't just fly

back from Belgium.

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He faces arrest in Spain

on the charge of rebellion.

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So, from Brussels this afternoon,

Mr Puigdemont had a message

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for Spain: let's talk.

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We want to be an independent state.

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This is the wish of

the Catalan people.

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The next step is to talk

with President Mariano Rajoy.

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We need to find new ways,

the political solution

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for our crisis between the Spanish

state and Catalonia.

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That offer doesn't

interest Spain's leader.

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This afternoon, Mariano Rajoy made

it clear, if Carles Puigdemont isn't

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here, he can't talk to him.

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TRANSLATION:

I will have to talk

with the person who actually

0:14:360:14:41

occupies that office of president

of the Catalan regional government.

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For this to happen, they need

to take up their seat and be

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in a position to talk with me.

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The crisis began months ago when a

pro-independence administration

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faced off against the government in

Madrid.

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There followed months

of argument, protest,

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debate, emergency measures,

and then the vote.

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Now, Catalans find that they are

right back to where they were

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when the crisis began.

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Nobody has really changed sides.

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For now, the local government

headquarters here awaits

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its permanent occupant.

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The man who won this election can't

come to take up his old job.

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The law says that all sides

now have until April

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to decide what to do next.

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James Reynolds, BBC News, Barcelona.

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More protests today against

America's recognition of Jerusalem

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as the capital of Israel.

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Health officials say two

Palestinians have been killed

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in clashes with Israeli security

forces in the West Bank and Gaza.

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It comes after yesterday's decisive

vote by the UN General Assembly

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rejecting America's decision.

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The Palestinian President Mahmoud

Abbas says the Palestinians

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will reject any plan for peace put

forward by America.

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Sebastian Usher, the Middle

East Editor for the BBC

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World Service, join us.

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Two people have lost their lives in

protest. The protests increasing in

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intensity?

I don't think they are

increasing that noticeably. This is

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the third Friday, the traditional

day of protest in the Arab world,

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days of rage, as they have been

called. I think ten Palestinians

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have been killed hence they started.

Two more today in Gaza. Palestinians

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say that the clashes have spread

more widely, almost in every part of

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Gaza and the Palestinian territories

in the West Bank. The Israelis say

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that the numbers have gone down.

They are fierce clashes taking

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place. Israeli forces are clearly

using live ammunition which is why

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we are having these deaths. Many

other Palestinian youths have been

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wounded. This is going on, it isn't

going down in intensity but it

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hasn't gone beyond where we seen it

already, getting to the stage where

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Hamas, who controlled Gaza, called

for when they said there should be

0:17:090:17:13

an intifada. We've been watching,

especially a day after the UN vote,

0:17:130:17:19

which may have given fresh momentum.

We saw the vote, Mahmoud Bass today

0:17:190:17:25

saying he will reject any peace plan

put forward by the Americans. What

0:17:250:17:30

peace plan is he talking about?

There is a peace plan the Trump

0:17:300:17:34

administration have been talking

about, led by the President's

0:17:340:17:39

son-in-law, Jared Kushner who was

talking about it a few weeks ago,

0:17:390:17:43

not giving the details away but

saying he and the other three people

0:17:430:17:48

involved have been out across the

region listening to all sides. I

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think although we haven't had

details, what is suggested is that

0:17:530:17:57

this will be a take it or leave it

to deal that will be

0:17:570:18:01

all-encompassing and they are hoping

that there will be something for

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everybody, people are going to

reject bits, the Palestinians and

0:18:050:18:09

Israelis, but they may take most of

it because it feels fit gives them

0:18:090:18:15

enough. It is ambitious. They say

they are businessmen, the status quo

0:18:150:18:20

hasn't worked, peace talks have been

in stalemate, so what is to lose?

0:18:200:18:25

The Palestinian President Mahmoud

Abbas made his strongest statement

0:18:250:18:28

saying that Palestinians won't get

involved in the peace plan. Maybe

0:18:280:18:31

the peace plan to some extent wasn't

going to involve them much in the

0:18:310:18:37

first place, which would be a huge

stumbling block because it can't

0:18:370:18:40

happen without their involvement.

The other question, Mahmoud Abbas

0:18:400:18:45

reiterated that he no longer

believes that the US is an honest

0:18:450:18:48

broker. The question is, who else is

going to step in. He spoke with

0:18:480:18:55

Emmanuel Macron, the French

president, who has taken a lead in

0:18:550:18:58

Middle Eastern issues but he

extensively said that they won't

0:18:580:19:02

take the role, they will see what

happens with the US. There isn't any

0:19:020:19:06

other player, even if the

Palestinians have decided officially

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what they long decided ago at a

street level, that the Americans

0:19:100:19:14

aren't unbiased, who else do they go

to?

Thank you for joining us.

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The first visit by a British foreign

minister to Moscow for five years

0:19:250:19:28

has ended in public disagreement.

0:19:280:19:29

Boris Johnson accused Russia

of meddling in the UK election

0:19:290:19:32

and Brexit referendum.

0:19:320:19:33

His Russian counterpart,

foreign minister Sergei Lavrov,

0:19:330:19:34

responded by accusing the UK

of fabricating

0:19:340:19:36

allegations against it.

0:19:360:19:37

Our diplomatic correspondent

James Robbins reports from Moscow.

0:19:370:19:41

Handshakes can be deceptive.

0:19:410:19:45

True, this Foreign Secretary has

broken a five-year British boycott

0:19:450:19:48

of visits to Moscow.

0:19:480:19:50

But when Russia's Sergei

Lavrov says he wants

0:19:500:19:53

a return to business as usual,

Boris Johnson says that impossible.

0:19:530:20:00

As you rightly say,

Sergei, things are

0:20:000:20:02

not easy between us at the moment.

0:20:020:20:08

The talks aired

the grievances on both

0:20:080:20:11

sides and examined space for

0:20:110:20:13

limited cooperation,

by supporting the Iran

0:20:130:20:15

nuclear deal together,

and opposing the nuclear

0:20:150:20:17

threat from North Korea.

0:20:170:20:18

But deep disagreements remain.

0:20:180:20:22

At their joint news

conference, that was stark.

0:20:220:20:25

For all the attempts

at banter, there was a

0:20:250:20:27

seriousness when Sergei Lavrov

tried to brush off

0:20:270:20:32

British allegations of Russian

meddling in foreign elections.

0:20:320:20:38

TRANSLATION:

My neighbour, Boris

Johnson, recently stated he had no

0:20:380:20:48

evidence that Russia medelled

in the referendum on the withdrawal

0:20:480:20:50

of Britain from the European Union.

0:20:500:20:52

Not successfully.

0:20:520:20:53

Not successfully,

I think is the word.

0:20:530:20:55

Not successfully is the word

that I think you need to

0:20:550:20:57

introduce.

0:20:570:20:58

TRANSLATION:

You see?

0:20:580:20:59

He is scared if he doesn't

disagree with me, his

0:20:590:21:02

reputation will be ruined

in the media at home.

0:21:020:21:04

I...

0:21:040:21:05

Sergei, it's your reputation

I'm worried about.

0:21:050:21:07

But this was dark, serious humour.

0:21:070:21:09

When Boris Johnson was asked if he

trusted Russia's foreign minister,

0:21:090:21:12

he tried to make light of that.

0:21:120:21:14

You know, it's a measure of my trust

that as soon as I got into this

0:21:140:21:24

excellent Foreign Ministry,

I immediately handed my coat, my

0:21:240:21:27

hat, my gloves and indeed everything

that was in my pockets,

0:21:270:21:29

secret or otherwise,

to Sergei Lavrov.

0:21:290:21:31

TRANSLATION:

I can say there

was nothing in the pockets of Boris'

0:21:310:21:34

coat.

0:21:340:21:41

So how did relations with Russia

go from bad to worse?

0:21:410:21:43

Russia's use of radioactive

poison to murder

0:21:430:21:45

Alexander Litvinenko in the middle

of London started the slide.

0:21:450:21:48

Three years ago,

Russia's annexation of

0:21:480:21:54

Crimea and interference in Ukraine

provoked tough EU sanctions strongly

0:21:540:21:56

backed by Britain.

0:21:560:21:57

Then last month, Theresa May

accused Russia of cyber

0:21:570:21:59

espionage and meddling

in the elections.

0:21:590:22:03

Britain says it has cyber weaponry

to retaliate if attacks get

0:22:030:22:06

worse.

0:22:060:22:08

So, striding across Red Square,

the Foreign Secretary was no

0:22:080:22:10

mere tourist.

0:22:100:22:12

He was nodding to Russia's

historic greatness, while

0:22:120:22:15

pressing for a radical

change of direction.

0:22:150:22:18

Coming here to Red Square,

Boris Johnson insists he

0:22:180:22:23

loves Russia.

0:22:230:22:24

He points to his name,

the fact he has Russian ancestry.

0:22:240:22:27

What he doesn't love

is the present Russian government.

0:22:270:22:30

So, paying his tribute

at the tomb of Russia's

0:22:300:22:34

unknown soldier had

a particular symbolism.

0:22:340:22:37

Britain and Russia fought together

against Hitler as allies.

0:22:370:22:40

Restoring that closeness now

seems a long way off.

0:22:400:22:50

A mourn our website. -- a lot more

on our website.

0:22:510:22:57

After sexual harassment allegations

against Kevin Spacey

0:22:570:22:59

became public in October,

Netflix announced he would not be

0:22:590:23:01

involved in future seasons

of the television show

0:23:010:23:03

House of Cards.

0:23:030:23:04

But film director Ridley Scott faced

a more complicated problem.

0:23:040:23:07

His new film, All the Money

in the World, starred Kevin Spacey

0:23:070:23:10

in the role of oil

tycoon John Paul Getty.

0:23:100:23:12

It had been due for release today.

0:23:120:23:14

Here's a clip from

the original trailer.

0:23:140:23:15

Mr Getty!

0:23:150:23:17

Mr Getty, how much would

you pay to release your grandson

0:23:170:23:20

if not $70 million?

0:23:200:23:21

Nothing.

0:23:210:23:26

# It's the time of the

season for loving...#

0:23:260:23:35

After those allegations came

to light, the decision was made

0:23:350:23:37

to replace Kevin Spacey

with Christopher Plummer.

0:23:370:23:39

Just a warning - these pictures

contain flash photography.

0:23:390:23:44

A number of key scenes had to be

re-shot and the film

0:23:440:23:47

was re-edited at a rumoured

cost of $10 million.

0:23:470:23:52

It comes out on Christmas -

remarkably, that's just three days

0:23:520:23:54

after the original release date.

0:23:540:24:02

The BBC reached out to one

entertainment industry critic

0:24:020:24:04

to gauge their reaction to the film

and whether the decision to recast

0:24:040:24:07

Spacey's role was the right one.

0:24:070:24:10

It works just on the basic

0:24:100:24:12

"Did they pull it off?"

level.

0:24:120:24:15

I guess you'd call it

a Spacey-ectomy, you know,

0:24:150:24:19

which I would define as the surgical

removal of a disgraced actor

0:24:190:24:22

from an already finished film.

0:24:220:24:23

Two scenes in with Christopher

Plummer in the role,

0:24:230:24:28

you relax right into it

and it's clear that just

0:24:280:24:31

on a technical and narrative level,

they've completely pulled it off.

0:24:310:24:35

You need to pay

the ransom, Mr Getty.

0:24:350:24:39

I do not have the money to spare.

0:24:390:24:41

No one has ever been richer

than you are at this moment.

0:24:410:24:44

What would it take

for you to feel secure?

0:24:440:24:46

More.

0:24:460:24:49

Yeah, the movie is not terrific.

0:24:490:24:52

It's not top shelf Ridley Scott,

but I would say it's a good,

0:24:520:24:56

solid telling of this story.

0:24:560:24:59

They have some competition

from the Danny Boyle FX

0:24:590:25:02

miniseries next month,

so they did get to market first.

0:25:020:25:06

This was a special case of deciding,

0:25:060:25:08

"Well, do we simply just cash

out and call it a day,

0:25:080:25:11

"or do we actually try

to salvage this thing?"

0:25:110:25:19

And on that level, even though

the story actually belongs

0:25:190:25:22

to Gail Harris, in this telling

played by Michelle Williams,

0:25:220:25:27

and she's good, on that

level, Plummer absolutely

0:25:270:25:30

was the right choice.

0:25:300:25:31

And some say he was actually

Scott's first choice.

0:25:310:25:33

It's the kind of notoriety

and scandal that will not help

0:25:330:25:36

you at the box office,

and I think what you're getting,

0:25:360:25:39

just on an artistic level,

is, Ridley Scott has said that

0:25:390:25:41

Christopher Plummer brings

a warmer and more empathetic

0:25:410:25:43

quality to the role.

0:25:430:25:44

The movie lacks a little bit of...

0:25:440:25:46

There's no sense of humour

in this film at all,

0:25:460:25:48

and I think Kevin Spacey would have

brought a sneaky sense of humour

0:25:480:25:51

because that's his style.

0:25:510:25:53

But I think in the end,

it was a good trade.

0:25:530:25:55

I don't know.

0:25:550:25:57

We don't know where it ended yet.

0:25:570:25:58

I feel like we're still

midstream on all of it.

0:25:580:26:00

We'll have to see it

0:26:040:26:06

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