12/01/2018 World News Today


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12/01/2018

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LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Duncan Golestani.

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Our top stories...

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President Trump has said he won't -

for the moment - pull out

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of the Iran nuclear deal.

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He's described the 2015 deal as "one

of the worst in American history."

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He added that the this new 120-day

waiver will be the last.

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Donald Trump also denies

using an offensive word to describe

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some poor countries

when discussing immigration.

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The United Nations is among

those calling it racist.

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These are shocking and shameful

comments from the President

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of the United States.

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Sorry, but there is no other word

that one can use but racist.

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And Facebook's makeover.

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The social network acknowledges that

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business posts are crowding

out personal connections.

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Also in the programme...

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Some advice from Queen Elizabeth

on crown wearing - "Don't look

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down or it'll fall off."

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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We begin with some news breaking

in the past half hour.

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President Trump has said

he won't pull out of the deal

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under which Iran agreed

to curb its nuclear programme,

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even though he's described it as one

of the worst in American history.

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European allies of the US had warned

that the agreement was vital

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for international security.

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Let's speak to our Washington

correspondent Gary O'Donoghue.

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What else did President Trump have

to say?

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He was speaking through senior

administration officials and

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effectively he had to come to a

decision about the sanctions. These

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are the big sanctions tied to the

nuclear deal, in other words Iran's

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ability to export oil, for its

banking system to rejoin

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international finance system. He has

decided to keep those Saturn trims

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off of Iran for a period of 120 days

pay he says it is the last time he

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is going to do it and he wants

European counterparts to do, the

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other signatories to the deal, to

work on what he calls a follow-up

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arrangement that will put new

restrictions on Iran but it will

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remove any sunset clause from the

agreement, so he doesn't want Iran

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to develop a nuclear weapon and he

thinks the Europeans should be able

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to agree to that, but he does not

want your consultation with Iran.

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Given the opposition from the other

signatories, how likely he will get

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what he once in 120 days?

Thereof some things that the other

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European powers are concerned about,

particularly Iran's ballistic

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missile programme, some of its

support for militant groups in the

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region, what they would describe as

meddling in other countries, and

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there is potential room for the US

and Europeans to work on applying

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pressure to Iran in those areas, but

the last thing France, Germany, the

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UK, Russia, China, the other

European Union countries, is pick

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current deal which took a long time

to deal, which they think is working

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effectively. They will resist that

significantly. Of course, Iran, if

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it will not be involved in the

discussions, if it is kept away from

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the table, there is no incentive for

them to follow it at all. It is a

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pretty tricky path ahead for this

strategy from Donald Trump, but he

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is in a sense backed into a corner

of his own making. This was a

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campaign pledge, one of the things

that was good to be done on day one.

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It has not been done, and he is

looking for a way to try and move

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the debate on and feeling a bit

frustrated. Having said it, they are

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imposing extra sanctions that are

unrelated to the nuclear deal, 14

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extra ones on businesses and

individuals, including a sanction on

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one individual who is a senior judge

in Iran and a brother of the Speaker

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of the parliament. That will annoy

terror an considerably, I suspect.

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-- that will annoy the capital Iran

a lot.

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This comes hot on the heels

of President Trump appearing to deny

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using offensive language to describe

some poor countries.

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His reported comments

during a meeting about immigration

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with lawmakers at the White House

have caused international outrage.

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He asked why the US should take

in people from places such as Haiti,

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El Salvador and some

African nations.

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El Salvador's Foreign Minister

says he's sent a formal

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letter of protest.

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The President is widely reported

to have used a vulgar

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and derogatory term -

one that you are about to hear.

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President Trump is known for making

what some perceive as racially

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charged remarks, for many around the

world, they will seem especially

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shocking. The context for them

intense negotiations with lawmakers

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about what to do about migrants who

come to the US illegally as

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children. According to the

Washington Post, President Trump

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said... White...

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said... White... They say these

remarks could be devastating.

These

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are shocking and shameful comments

from the president of the United

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States. Sorry, but there is no other

word but someone can use but racist.

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The president is understood to be

referring partly to Haiti, recently

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hit by a hurricane Ammon of Central

America's poorest countries. There

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has been a strong reaction from

there. TRANSLATION:

If we were to

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leave the United States, it would be

bad for the American economy, not

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just... Between best in the United

States.

In addition to the

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neighbours, Donald Trump spoke of

African nations are named rocketry

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way. There has been a mixed

response.

You should rectify what he

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said.

We have to deal with our own

problems here, we do not need to

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comment on what President Trump says

about Africa.

We do lots of...

In

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contrast, he is wondered why the US

should not have more people from

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Norway. Mr Trump has since tweeted

that...

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Norway. Mr Trump has since tweeted

that...

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Norway. Mr Trump has since tweeted

that...

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That many senior politicians were in

the room and stand by their claims

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that the president did use the

offensive terminology.

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We have been hearing from one of

those politicians president at the

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meeting, the Democratic senator Hugh

maintains Donald Trump did use the

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offensive term. Let's have a listen.

He made his presentation, the

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president interrupted him several

times with questions and in the

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course of his comments said things

that where hate filled, vile. He

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used those words. I understand how

powerful they are, but I cannot

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believe that in the history of the

White House, in that office, any

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president has ever spoken the words

that I personally heard our

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president speak yesterday. You have

seen the comments in the press and I

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have not read one of them that is

inaccurate. To no surprise, the

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president started tweeting this

morning, denying he used those

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words. It is not true. He said these

hate filled with things and he said

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them repeatedly.

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them repeatedly.

Our Washington

correspondence had more.

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There has been a barrage of

international criticism. The United

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States official saying these

comments as racist, Botswana has

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contacted the Trump Administration

to find out whether this slur that

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the president allegedly used applies

to them. But some people in the

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White House take a different view of

the whole controversy. There are

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some people in the White House who

have told reporters that they think

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the alleged remark will work well

with his Republican votes. I have to

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say, lots of Republicans are

horrified by what comes out of his

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mouth. There is the political sense

at the White House that this is a

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plus for the president with some of

his supporters, and one reporter has

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been taught about last night, the

president was doing a victory lap.

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President Trump had a meeting that

was televised on television where he

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brought together lawmakers. They

have tried to hammer out a

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compromise that would involve four

Trump the building of a wall for

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Democrats, it would mean more

leniency. He has not been able to

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get a deal this week. Also, I saw

something I never saw before, and I

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have been in Washington on time, and

that is a president appearing in the

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West Wing and being asked by

reporters, are you and it is

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unfortunate. -- are you a racist was

back and he was signing a

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proclamation in honour of the great

civil rights fighter Martin Luther

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King.

0:10:020:10:07

Pakistan has deployed

paramilitary forces to suppress

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riots in the eastern town of Kasur,

following the rape and killing

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of a six-year-old girl.

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Protesters are angry at the police

for failing to find those

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responsible for a series of child

murders over the past two years.

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Officials say the situation is tense

but has been brought under control

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after two days of violence.

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Our Pakistan correspondent

Secunder Kermani has more.

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So far today, Kasur

has remained calm.

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There is a big police

presence, but there hasn't

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been the kind of angry

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protest that we have seen over

the past few days following the

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discovery of the body

of six-year-old Zainab Ansari.

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There is, though, amongst

the investigating team, a sense of

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urgency that whoever

killed her needs to be caught.

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We have seen a police document

that reveals that in

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this city, over the past year,

11 young girls have been attacked.

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Traces of the same DNA have been

found on the bodies of six of them.

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All of them were abducted from close

to their homes, all of their bodies

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were later recovered,

also nearby to their homes.

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Only one of them survived.

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She is currently in hospital.

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Her relatives say she is unable to

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talk and unable to move

from the head down.

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TRANSLATION:

If this happened

to the daughter of a

0:11:190:11:22

politician, then wouldn't they have

got the attacker by now?

0:11:220:11:25

Our family is poor, so no one cares.

0:11:250:11:28

Zainab's family has some

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political connections,

that is why they have

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had so much attention.

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All six girls went

missing from the same

0:11:330:11:35

small neighbourhood.

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The police do have a grainy

CCTV image of the

0:11:360:11:41

suspect and a manhunt is under way

to try and find him.

0:11:410:11:45

But many in the city

still pose the question, why

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wasn't more done earlier?

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Facebook has announced

what it says is a major

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change to its news feed -

prioritising posts from family

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and friends, over those from media

organisations and businesses.

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The BBC's media Editor

Amol Rajan reports.

0:12:050:12:07

Mark Zuckerberg's social network has

become of the biggest

0:12:070:12:11

distributors of news in history.

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Today the company went back

to its social roots.

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He said he wants to make

sure the time we spend

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on Facebook is time well spent.

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Facebook's founder admits users

are being fed a heavy diet

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of news and adverts,

together with the more personal

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posts from friends and family.

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In Bristol today, many young

Facebook users agreed.

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It's full of adverts for shopping

and baby things at the moment,

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stuff I search on Google.

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So I think it would be a lot better

if it was just based around friends

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and family without any adverts.

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I just feel like I'm

being sold to the whole time.

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People are making assumptions

about my opinions, my tastes,

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things I'm interested in.

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Zuckerberg says he's changing

the goal to make you have more

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meaningful social interactions.

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That means less news

and more friends and family.

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This is the biggest change

to Facebook for many years.

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It follows controversy over

the promotion of fake news

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with fears the platforms

being used by foreign powers

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to subvert democracy.

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Today's changes aren't being driven

by those concerns but are clearly

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an attempt to restore trust

in a global brand, and the impact

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on our news ecosystem could be huge.

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Mark Zuckerberg clearly accepts

multiple news is of equal value

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but his changes could damage some

reputable news providers who have

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come to rely on his platform.

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The elephant in the room is fake

news and how they are trying

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to clean up the timelines.

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The fear for publishers like us

is that the baby gets thrown out

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with the bath water and we lose

the really important real journalism

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along with the fake news

that they are trying to get rid of.

0:14:010:14:04

Google is often described

as part of a duopoly

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that is swallowing the industries,

together with Facebook.

0:14:090:14:13

Today in a rare interview,

Google's most senior British

0:14:130:14:16

executive seemed to see this

as an opportunity.

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There's an upside to traditional

media moving to the digital world.

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You can reach 5 billion

people, you can use video.

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You know yourself as a journalist,

there's a huge ability to tell

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the important stories in new ways

and people are turning

0:14:320:14:35

to the digital world more than ever

before to understand the news.

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For Facebook's young missionary

founder, a short-term hit

0:14:400:14:44

in revenues is worth it to lay

to rest accusations that it's

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becoming the anti-social network.

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Joining me from San Fransisco

is Alex Kantrowitz, he's

0:14:520:14:54

the Senior Technology Reporter at

Buzzfeed.

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Just how big is this?

This is very big. It usually rules

0:15:010:15:08

out changes and it is a little blog

post, but we saw Mark Zucker Berg

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post this time, every executive that

I follow from Facebook, on Facebook

0:15:130:15:17

is posting about it, so I think you

can expect these changes to be big

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and meaningful and impact businesses

and the media in significant ways.

0:15:210:15:30

What you think has driven these

changes?

0:15:300:15:32

I think it is very clear, I think

Facebook had been transitioning from

0:15:320:15:36

a platform of friends and family to

a platform that emphasised branded

0:15:360:15:44

content and publications. And after

the 2016 US election, I think there

0:15:440:15:50

is a questionable value. They saw

passive consumption of news content

0:15:500:15:58

making people feel bad, they sought

friends and publishing that was so

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impressive that it did not make

people feel good about posting their

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amateur videos and photos, so I

think Facebook took that into

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account and thinks we should

deemphasise publications and brands.

0:16:120:16:25

Ordinary people will be happy that

they can see friends and family and

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what they are rocked. What about the

advertisers, the people that hate

0:16:280:16:32

beyond that, because isn't there a

message going to be crowded out?

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They will be really upset, in my

opinion. They have spent lots of

0:16:370:16:40

money trying to hold on Facebook and

they feel for years they have built

0:16:400:16:47

up audiences and pages on Facebook

and slowly but surely, Facebook has

0:16:470:16:52

pulled the carpet from under them

and now they are forced to pay to

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reach those audiences, so especially

be small and medium-sized business

0:16:560:17:01

that would rely on Facebook, you

will see complaints from them and

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the big advertisers. Anyone who runs

a public page that relies on

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Facebook to reach their audience is

going to be pretty upset with these

0:17:110:17:14

measures when we see them roll-out.

In the report we just ran, one

0:17:140:17:19

publisher said that they worry that

reliable news will be crowded out

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and will get lost in amongst the

fake news. Do you think they have

0:17:240:17:28

done enough here?

I think that has already been a

0:17:280:17:32

problem. If you look at the Facebook

platform, you have seen for a long

0:17:320:17:37

time their inability to rein in fake

news, and especially sensationalised

0:17:370:17:42

news, which maybe takes a nugget of

news and blows it out of proportion

0:17:420:17:45

in a way when you wouldn't recognise

it compare to a traditional news

0:17:450:17:51

publication. You have already seen

these publications are mainstream

0:17:510:17:56

publications crowded out by the fake

an sensationalised news, so I do not

0:17:560:17:59

think the change will make a big

difference when it comes to that. It

0:17:590:18:03

will be more difficult for them to

reach their audience than it already

0:18:030:18:06

was. BLEEP hole Thank you for

joining us.

0:18:060:18:12

It's a social media campaign that's

spread to nearly every corner

0:18:160:18:18

of the world and empowered women,

and men, to stand up and talk

0:18:180:18:26

about their own experiences

of sexual harassment and violence.

0:18:280:18:30

What's called the "Me Too" movement

started in the wake of numerous

0:18:300:18:33

allegations made by women

against Hollywood film

0:18:330:18:35

producer Harvey Weinstein.

0:18:350:18:36

One of those women is

actress Ashley Judd.

0:18:360:18:38

She's just spoken to my colleague

Stephen Sackur for the BBC's

0:18:380:18:40

Hardtalk programme.

0:18:400:18:41

Take a listen.

0:18:410:18:42

What we see now is the growth

of a real movement

0:18:420:18:45

of women speaking out.

0:18:450:18:49

Are you satisfied that this has come

about, or are you deeply frustrated

0:18:490:18:53

that it has taken so long for this

to come about?

0:18:530:18:55

What is your overriding

emotion right now?

0:18:550:18:57

Joy.

0:18:570:18:59

Just unmitigated, electrifying joy.

0:18:590:19:02

I'm so happy.

0:19:020:19:04

I'm so happy that it is here.

0:19:040:19:06

I have been telling this

story for a long time,

0:19:060:19:10

since the moment it happened,

in fact, because, you know,

0:19:100:19:14

my particular examples of harassment

with Harvey Weinstein,

0:19:140:19:16

I am a "teller", to use the word

that Laura Dern used the other night

0:19:160:19:20

on stage at the Golden Globes.

0:19:200:19:21

I am a "tattler".

0:19:210:19:23

And I was molested for the first

time when I was seven years old,

0:19:230:19:29

and the first thing I did was go

to a grown-up and say, "Hey,

0:19:290:19:32

this just happened."

0:19:320:19:33

And as so often the case,

the grown-ups said, "Oh,

0:19:330:19:36

he is a nice old man,

that is not what he meant."

0:19:360:19:39

But I somehow or another

managed to stay absolutely

0:19:390:19:41

authentic in my truth,

that a knew something terribly wrong

0:19:410:19:45

had happened, and I think

that is why I am such

0:19:450:19:48

a crusader for gender

0:19:480:19:49

equality and for the full

eradication of all gender-

0:19:490:19:51

and sexual-based violence,

because I experienced it as a youth,

0:19:510:19:53

I experienced it in Hollywood.

0:19:530:19:56

It has been the core of my

humanitarian work for over 15 years.

0:19:560:19:59

And now that this movement has

collectivised and catalysed

0:19:590:20:02

and is here, it is incredibly

gratifying to me.

0:20:020:20:08

And you can see the full

version of Stephen Sackur's

0:20:080:20:10

interview with Ashley Judd on Monday

15th January here on BBC World News.

0:20:100:20:17

The US President is also

in the headlines today

0:20:170:20:21

after cancelling a visit

to Britain next month.

0:20:210:20:24

He had been due to attend

the official opening of the new US

0:20:240:20:28

Embassy in south London.

0:20:280:20:29

But the US president tweeted

he was not a "big fan"

0:20:290:20:32

of the new embassy and blamed

Barack Obama's administration

0:20:320:20:34

for a "bad deal" -

despite the fact the move was agreed

0:20:340:20:37

under George W Bush.

0:20:370:20:40

Our diplomatic correspondent

James Landale has more.

0:20:400:20:48

The new US embassy, on the south

bank of the River Thames in London.

0:20:480:20:52

A monument, we are told,

to America's commitment to London

0:20:520:20:57

that the US ambassador had hoped

would be formally opened

0:20:570:21:00

by Donald Trump next month.

0:21:000:21:03

Yes, I do hope, and we are going

to welcome him when he comes.

0:21:030:21:06

Except that he is not coming.

0:21:060:21:08

Mr Trump said that he cancelled

the trip because he opposed

0:21:080:21:12

the sale of the previous embassy

building by Mr Obama.

0:21:120:21:14

A decision that was

welcomed by his critics.

0:21:250:21:28

Here you have the head of state

of another country who has not only

0:21:280:21:31

promoted hatred and division

in his own country, but is surely

0:21:310:21:37

due to his online activity

guilty of doing the same

0:21:370:21:39

in our country as well.

0:21:390:21:41

Actually the decision to sell

the old embassy was initially taken

0:21:410:21:44

by President Bush in order to find

a new location.

0:21:440:21:52

The old embassy had also been

the scene of many demonstrations

0:21:530:21:56

in the past and diplomats said

it was the threat of

0:21:560:21:59

similar protests that had

spooked the White House.

0:21:590:22:03

The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan,

said there would be mass

0:22:030:22:06

protests like these,

but peaceful ones.

0:22:060:22:08

The Foreign Secretary,

Boris Johnson, accused Mr Khan

0:22:080:22:13

of putting UK-US relations at risk,

a view that Downing Street didn't

0:22:130:22:16

echo, but others did.

0:22:160:22:17

In this country, we have the Mayor

of London, Jeremy Corbyn and others

0:22:170:22:20

encouraging large-scale street

protests against him.

0:22:200:22:25

I feel that must be

part of his decision.

0:22:250:22:27

And that is the point.

0:22:270:22:30

In his first year of office,

Mr Trump has travelled

0:22:300:22:33

the world, including France,

Germany and Belgium.

0:22:330:22:40

The UK is notable for its absence.

0:22:400:22:43

The US ambassador has said that this

fortress of glass represents

0:22:430:22:48

a new era in friendship

between the US and the UK,

0:22:480:22:50

a strengthening of the relationship.

0:22:500:22:54

But the fear among diplomats

is that the President's decision not

0:22:540:22:58

to open this building signals that

actually for him at least

0:22:580:23:01

Britain is not a priority.

0:23:010:23:04

So, for now, the closest

we will get to seeing Mr Trump

0:23:040:23:09

at the new embassy is this waxwork,

as ministers say they look

0:23:090:23:11

forward to a visit at some

point in the future.

0:23:110:23:15

Well, it is for the US President

to determine his travel priorities.

0:23:150:23:22

Obviously, it's an important

diplomatic partner for the UK.

0:23:220:23:24

We want the closest possible

relationship with the US.

0:23:240:23:29

Tonight, as Mr Trump

honoured Martin Luther King,

0:23:290:23:33

he was caught up in yet another row,

having to deny making racist remarks

0:23:330:23:36

about African countries.

0:23:360:23:39

Home or abroad, this President

is rarely free from controversy.

0:23:390:23:43

James Landale, BBC News.

0:23:430:23:47

As part of events to mark

the 65th anniversary

0:23:470:23:52

of Queen Elizabeth's Coronation,

the BBC is broadcasting a programme

0:23:520:23:54

called The Crown Jewels.

0:23:540:23:58

In the programme, the Queen shares

memories of the 1953 coronation

0:23:580:24:01

ceremony itself as well as memories

of her father, King George VI.

0:24:010:24:04

Here's Our Royal Correspondent

Nicholas Witchell.

0:24:040:24:07

She famously doesn't do interviews.

0:24:070:24:10

This is probably as

close as she'll get:

0:24:100:24:12

a conversation with questions about

the Coronation, the Crown Jewels,

0:24:120:24:18

and the Imperial State Crown worn

by her and her father,

0:24:180:24:20

King George VI.

0:24:200:24:22

Fortunately, my father and I have

about the same sort of shaped head.

0:24:220:24:26

Once you put it on, it stays.

0:24:260:24:28

It just remains itself.

0:24:280:24:30

You have to keep your

head very still?

0:24:300:24:32

Yes.

0:24:320:24:33

It was huge then.

0:24:330:24:34

Yes.

0:24:340:24:36

Very unwieldy.

0:24:360:24:38

You can't look down to read

a speech,

0:24:380:24:39

you have take

the speech up

0:24:390:24:43

because if you did, your neck

would break, it would fall off.

0:24:430:24:45

It's difficult to always remember

that diamonds are stones,

0:24:450:24:51

so very heavy.

0:24:510:24:53

Yes.

0:24:530:24:54

So there are some

disadvantages to crowns.

0:24:540:24:56

But otherwise, they're

quite important things.

0:24:560:25:01

She rode to her coronation

in the gold State Coach.

0:25:010:25:03

It weighs four tons.

0:25:030:25:05

It's not built for comfort.

0:25:050:25:07

Horrible.

0:25:070:25:09

It's not meant for

travelling in at all.

0:25:090:25:14

It's only sprung on leather.

0:25:140:25:16

So it rocks around a lot.

0:25:160:25:17

It's not very comfortable.

0:25:170:25:19

Were you in it for a long time?

0:25:190:25:21

Halfway round London.

0:25:210:25:22

Really?

0:25:220:25:25

We must have gone about

four or five miles -

0:25:250:25:28

we could only go at a walking pace.

0:25:280:25:29

The horses couldn't

possibly go any faster.

0:25:290:25:31

It's so heavy.

0:25:310:25:34

65 years after the event,

a monarch talking

0:25:340:25:38

about her coronation -

the Crown - the real one.

0:25:380:25:41

Nicholas Witchell, BBC News.

0:25:410:25:48

Don't forget you can get

in touch with me and some

0:25:480:25:50

of the team on Twitter -

I'm @DuncanGolestani

0:25:500:25:55

Do stay with us on BBC News.

0:25:550:25:57

Do stay with us on BBC News.

0:25:570:26:04