12/01/2018 World News Today


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12/01/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News. President

Trump has said he won't, for the

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moment, pull out of the Iran nuclear

deal. He has described the 2015 deal

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as one of the worst in American

history. He added that this new 120

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day waiver will be the last.

President Trump also denies using an

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offensive word to describe poor

countries when discussing

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immigration. The United Nations is

among those calling his comments

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racist.

These are shocking and

shameful comments from the president

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of the United States. Sorry, but

there's no other word one can use

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that racist.

A makeover for

Facebook. The social network

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acknowledges that business posts are

crowding out personal connections.

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You can't down to -- you can't look

down to read the speech. Because if

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you did your neck would break.

And

weighty reflections on the crown,

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Queen Elizabeth as you've never

heard or seen her before.

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Welcome to World News Today.

President Trump has said he won't

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pull out of the deal under which

Iran agreed to curb its nuclear

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programme despite describing it as

one of the worst in American

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history. That he's extended

sanctions relief for what he calls

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one last time to allow Europe and

the US to fix what he says at the

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nuclear deal's terrible flaws.

European allies of the US has warned

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that the agreement is vital for

International security. Iran Foreign

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Minister has tweeted that the deal

is known by its initials is not very

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negotiable. I have been speaking to

our Washington correspondent.

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He was speaking through senior

administration officials.

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Effectively, he had to come to a

decision today about these

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sanctions. These are the big

sanctions tied to the nuclear deal

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itself. In other words, ran's

ability to export oil for its

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banking system to rejoin

international finance system --

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Iran's ability. He has decided to

keep those sanctions off of Iran for

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a period 120 days but he says it's

the last time he was going to do it.

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What he wants is European

counterparts to work on what he

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calls a follow-up arrangement. It

will put new restrictions on Iran

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but crucially it will remove any

kind of sunset clause from the

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agreement. He doesn't want a man

ever to be able to develop a nuclear

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weapons he thinks the Europeans

should agree to that. It does not

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want to do that in consultation with

Iran, they should not be connected

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directly.

Given the opposition from

the other signatories, how likely is

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that he will get what you want in

120 days?

There are some things that

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other European powers are concerned

about. Some of its support for

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militants group in the region. What

they describe as meddling in other

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countries. There is potential room

for the US and Europeans to work on,

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on applying pressure to Iran in

those areas. But the last thing

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France, Germany, the UK, Russia,

China, the others, the European

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Union, the last thing they want to

do is an picked the current deal

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which took a long time to negotiate.

And which they think is working

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effectively. They will resist that

significantly.

The decision on Iran

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comes hot on the heels of some crude

language President Trump is a

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alleged to have used to describe

poor countries. His report comments

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have caused international outrage.

He asked why the US should take in

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people from places such as Haiti, El

Salvador and some African nations.

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El Salvador's Foreign Minister has

said he sent a formal letter of

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protest. The President is widely

reported to have used a vulgar and

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Robert return, when you are about to

hear. President Trump is known to

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have made racially charged remarks.

The context boards in these

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comments, intense negotiations with

lawmakers about what to do about

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migrants who come to the United

States illegally as children.

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According to the Washington Post,

President Trump said:

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.

These are shocking and shameful

comments from the president of the

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United States. Sorry, but there's no

other word one can use but racist.

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The president is understood to be

referring Polly Toohey ET, recently

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hit by hurricane Matthew and one of

Central America's poorest nations.

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There's been a strong reaction.

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TRANSLATION:

If patients were to

leave the United States, this would

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be bad for the American economy, not

just the workforce but people from

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Haiti invest in the United States.

In addition to America's neighbours,

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Donald Trump also spoke of African

nations in a derogatory way.

We do a

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lot of business with Norway...

By

contrast, Donald Trump, who met the

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Norwegian Prime Minister, is

reported to have wondered why the US

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shouldn't have more people from that

country. Mr Trump has since tweeted:

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shouldn't have more people from that

country. Mr Trump has since tweeted:

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But many senior politicians were in

the room and said the

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But many senior politicians were in

the room and said the president did

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use the offensive terminology.

I

cannot believe that in the history

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of the White House in that oval

office, any president has ever

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spoken the words that I personally

heard our president speak yesterday.

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We've seen the comments in the

press. I've not read one of them

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that is inaccurate. To no surprise,

the president started tweeting this

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morning, denying that he used those

words. It is not true. He said these

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hate filled things. And he said them

repeatedly.

Mr Trump ignored press

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questions about the issue as he

signed proclamation earlier.

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Ironically, he declared a holiday in

honour of civil rights hero, Martin

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Luther King Jr..

Doctor King is no

longer with us. His words and his

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vision only grows stronger through

time. Today, we mourn his loss. We

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celebrate his legacy and we pledge

to fight for his dream of the

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quality, freedom, justice and peace.

But criticism of Mr Trump is now

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coming from his own side. House

Speaker, Paul Ryan, calling the

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comment is unfortunate and

unhelpful. Another of our Washington

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correspondent, Nick Bryant, has more

on the offence these comments has

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caused.

There's been a barrage of

international criticism. The United

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Nations human rights official

describing these comments as racist.

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Botswana has not only condemned it

but has actual P Championship

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administration to find out whether

this is learnt that the president

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allegedly used applies to them --

but has contacted the Trump

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administration. The White House has

a different view. There are some

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people in the White House who told

reporters that they think this

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alleged remark will work well with

his Republican base. I have to tell

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you there are a lot of Republicans

who are horrified by some of what

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comes out of Donald Trump's mouth

and his Twitter feed. But there is

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this political sense at the White

House that this is a plus for the

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president with some of his

supporters. One reporter has been

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told that last night in the west

wing the President was doing a

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victory lap. What has been under

discussion at the White House this

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week, President Trump at a televised

meeting for almost an hour where he

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brought together lawmakers from both

Republican and Democratic parties,

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they were trying to get a

compromise. Maybe the building of

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the wall for Mr Trump and more

leniency for a so-called streamers

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for the Democrats. They have not

been able to get a deal this week.

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-- so-called streamers. There was

dramatic context for today's event.

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I saw some day I never see above

what I have covered Washington for a

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long time. A president of United

States appearing in the west wing of

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the White House and being asked by

reporters, "Are you a racist"?

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Extraordinary. This unfortunate and

contradictory setting of an event

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where he was signing a presidential

proclamation in honour of the great

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civil rights leader Martin Luther

King.

Nick Bryant. Let's take a look

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at some more stories.

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Women in Saudi Arabia have made

history by watching a football match

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from the stands for the first time

at a stadium. The new measure comes

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after the deeply conservative

kingdom announced it was lifting a

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ban prohibiting women from driving.

A number of Catholic churches have

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been vandalised in Chile ahead of a

visit by the Pope Francis. Police

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said home-made bombs were used to

damage two churches in the capital,

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Santiago. The attack has left

messages threatening the Pope,

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saying the money for the visit could

be better spent on poor people. In

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remaining oil tanker which burst

into flames in the East China Sea on

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Saturday after colliding with a

freighter is drifting towards

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Japanese waters from sea is

controlled by China. Chinese

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firefighters are still battling to

put out the blaze.

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Pakistan has deployed paramilitary

forces to suppress riots in the

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eastern town of... Following the

rape and killing of a 60 watts girl.

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Protesters are angry for them

failing to find people responsible

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over a series of child murders. The

situation is tense that has been

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brought under control after two days

of violence. We have more.

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So far today, this place has

remained calm. There is a big police

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presence. But there hasn't been that

kind of angry protests we've seen

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over the past few days following the

discovery of the body of a

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six-year-old. There is, though,

month the investigating team a sense

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of urgency that whoever killed her

needs to be caught. We've seen a

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police document in this city, over

the past year, 11 young girls have

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been attacked. Traces of the same

DNA have been found on the bodies of

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six of them. All of them were

abducted from close to their homes.

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All of their bodies were later

recovered also nearby to their

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homes. Only one of them survived.

She is currently in hospital. Her

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relatives say she is unable to talk

and unable to move from the head

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down. TRANSLATION:

If this happened

to the daughter of a politician,

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they would have caught the attacker

by now. Our families work. So no one

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cares. Her family have some

political connections, that's why

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they've had so much attention.

All

six girls went missing from the same

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small neighbourhood. The police have

a grainy CCTV image of the suspect

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and a manhunt is under way to try

and find him. But many in this city

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still pose the question, why wasn't

more done earlier?

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Still to come, does a double

mastectomy increased some patients

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chances of surviving breast cancer?

A study suggests not really.

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Day one of operation Desert Storm to

force the Iraqis out of, it has seen

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the most intense attacks since the

Second World War.

Tobacco is

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America's oldest industry and it's

one of its biggest. But if industry

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is nervous of this report and it may

tend to want people -- for people to

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want to stop smoking cigarettes.

There is not a streak that is

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unaffected. Huge part was to be

demolished as buildings crashed into

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one another. This woman said she had

been given no help and advice by the

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authorities. She stood outside the

ruins of her business.

Tens of

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thousands of black children in South

Africa have taken advantage of laws

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passed by the country's new

multiracial government and enrolled

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at formerly white schools.

Tonight

sees the 9610th performance of the

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-- long-running player, the

Mousetrap. The management considered

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whether to cancel tonight's

performers but Agatha Christie would

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have been the last person to want

such a thing.

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Welcome back.

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The latest headlines: Donald Trump

has said he won't, for the moment,

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pull out of the Iran nuclear deal.

President Trump also denies using an

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offensive word to describe some poor

countries when discussing

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immigration. The United Nations is

among those calling his comments

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racist.

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Facebook has announced what it says

is a major change to its news feed.

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Prioritising posts from family and

friends over those from media

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organisations and businesses. The

BBC's media editor has more.

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Mark Zuckerberg's social network has

become of the biggest

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distributors of news in history.

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Today the company went back

to its social roots.

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He said he wants to make

sure the time we spend

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on Facebook is time well spent.

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Facebook's founder admits users

are being fed a heavy diet

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of news and adverts,

together with the more personal

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posts from friends and family.

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In Bristol today, many young

Facebook users agreed.

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It's quite clogged up with adverts

for shopping and baby

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things at the moment,

stuff I search on Google.

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So I think it would be a lot better

if it was just based around friends

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and family without any adverts.

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I just feel like I'm

being sold to, the whole time.

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People are making assumptions

about my opinions, my tastes,

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things I'm interested in.

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Zuckerberg says he's changing

the goal to help you have more

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meaningful social interactions.

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That means less news

and more friends and family.

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This is the biggest change

to Facebook for many years.

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It follows controversy over

the promotion of fake news

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with fears the platforms has been

used by foreign powers

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to subvert democracy.

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Today's changes aren't being driven

by those concerns over

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disinformation but are clearly

an attempt to restore trust

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in a global brand, and the impact

on our news ecosystem could be huge.

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Mark Zuckerberg clearly accepts not

all news is of equal value

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but his changes could damage some

reputable news providers who have

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come to rely on his platform

for eyeballs and income.

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The elephant in the room is fake

news and how they are trying

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to clean up the timelines.

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The fear for publishers like us

is that the baby gets thrown out

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with the bath water and we lose

the really important real journalism

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along with the fake news

that they are trying to get rid of.

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Google is often described

as part of a duopoly

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that is swallowing

the advertising and industries,

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together with Facebook.

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Today, in a rare interview,

Google's most senior British

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executive seemed to see this

as an opportunity.

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There's an upside to traditional

media moving to the digital world.

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You can reach 5 billion

people within a couple

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of years on any device,

you can use video.

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You know yourself as a journalist,

there's a huge ability to tell

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the important stories in new ways

and people are turning

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to the digital world more than ever

before to understand the news.

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For Facebook's young missionary

founder, a short-term hit

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in revenues is worth it to alay

accusations that it's

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becoming the anti-social network.

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Sport now.

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Are the only top four side playing

on Saturday and they could go second

0:16:450:16:49

for a day at least with victory over

them Leicester at Stamford Bridge --

0:16:490:16:54

Chelsea are the only top four side.

There are still adrift of Manchester

0:16:540:16:58

City and their manager Antonio Conte

has been once again casting doubt

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over just how long he will stay at

the club.

0:17:010:17:04

I have another view on contract with

this club. -- another year. But as

0:17:040:17:10

you know, football anything is

possible. In one moment, I stay

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here, in another moment you stay in

another place. Or another person

0:17:140:17:21

replaces you and your job.

0:17:210:17:23

Arsenal's Alexis Sanchez, will he or

won't he moved to Premier League

0:17:260:17:30

leaders Manchester City? The Chilean

forward has been told he can leave

0:17:300:17:33

as long as Arsenal finds a suitable

replacement. But this afternoon it's

0:17:330:17:37

come to light that City are not

willing to pay the £35 million plus

0:17:370:17:43

price tag for Sanchez and could let

him go to rivals Manchester United.

0:17:430:17:46

Here is what his manager at Arsenal

said... We will not hear from him

0:17:460:17:52

now, we will move on to Saudi

Arabia. History has been made today.

0:17:520:17:57

Women were allowed to watch a

football match live for the first

0:17:570:17:59

time. 300 women flocked to a stadium

to watch a football match. The Saudi

0:17:590:18:08

Premier League. They entered via a

special bed and sit in seats

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reserved for families. The game was

the first in a series of matches

0:18:130:18:16

open to female spectators and is

part of long-awaited reforms of

0:18:160:18:19

women's rights in the country. The

Australian open starts next week and

0:18:190:18:25

the row over the name of one of its

arenas continues after the former

0:18:250:18:29

tennis great Billie Jean King once

again called for the Margaret Court

0:18:290:18:33

Arena to be renamed after the 24

time grand slam winner made

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homophobic comments. King says as a

gay woman herself she would refuse

0:18:370:18:41

to play on it.

0:18:410:18:43

She's won more grand slam singles

titles than anyone else.

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With a court at Melbourne Park named

after her, Margaret Court is an

0:18:490:18:53

Australian sporting icon but her

opposition to same-sex marriage and

0:18:530:18:57

views on the LGBT community have

bought the name of the arena into

0:18:570:19:00

question.

I would not play on it.

She's gotten really do rocketry.

0:19:000:19:06

When she talked about children of

transgenders being Devil puppet put

0:19:060:19:11

me over the edge. We are all God's

children.

While the tournament

0:19:110:19:14

director says courts views don't

echo those of the organisation or

0:19:140:19:20

the sport, he added that there are

no immediate plans to change the

0:19:200:19:24

name.

There's more than one

stakeholder. But there ongoing

0:19:240:19:28

conversation, I can say. As you

asked, formal process, no.

King is

0:19:280:19:32

attending the tournament for the

first time in eight years marking

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the 50th anniversary of her title in

Melbourne. But while the American

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said she wouldn't promote a boycott

of the stadium, she encouraged

0:19:390:19:42

players to look inside their hearts

before making a decision.

They have

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to decide, each one of them. You can

have discussion around a bit.

0:19:490:19:51

Everyone is entitled to her opinion,

Margaret is entitled to her opinion.

0:19:510:19:55

I would be very welcoming to

Margaret. She will say, I welcome

0:19:550:19:59

you to, but she believes in

conversion. Like she thinks I can go

0:19:590:20:04

back to straight.

No current players

have said they would boycott playing

0:20:040:20:07

in the arena while the action on the

court bursts into life for two weeks

0:20:070:20:12

on Monday, looks at the issues of it

are going to be around for a lot

0:20:120:20:16

longer.

0:20:160:20:19

That's all the sport for now. Young

women with a gene mutation that

0:20:200:20:28

prompted actress Angelina Jolie to

have a pre-emptive double mastectomy

0:20:280:20:33

is not more likely to die after a

cancer diagnosis. The study found

0:20:330:20:38

there was no difference in the

overall survival for up to ten years

0:20:380:20:42

after diagnosis. Irrespective of

women having the BRCA gene mutation.

0:20:420:20:55

Diagnosed with breast cancer

when she was just 35 years

0:21:030:21:05

old and five months pregnant,

Laura faced childbirth

0:21:050:21:07

and then cancer treatment.

0:21:070:21:08

She carries a BRCA gene

mutation and so, like many

0:21:080:21:11

women in her position,

she opted to have

0:21:110:21:13

both breasts removed.

0:21:130:21:14

I decided to have

a double mastectomy.

0:21:140:21:15

My oncologist was keen for me

to have it and I was, as well,

0:21:150:21:19

because I was told that the risk

of me getting cancer again

0:21:190:21:22

was 50%, so it didn't seem

worth the risk, really.

0:21:220:21:24

A new study followed nearly 3,000

women aged 40 or younger diagnosed

0:21:240:21:27

with breast cancer in Britain.

0:21:270:21:28

It found no difference in survival

between those who carried

0:21:280:21:30

BRCA breast cancer genes

and those who didn't.

0:21:300:21:36

And it found no survival benefit

from a double mastectomy.

0:21:360:21:39

After ten years, around seven in ten

women survived in all groups.

0:21:390:21:42

So what does this mean for women

carrying a BRCA gene?

0:21:420:21:47

I think the key message is that it

allows them time to consider

0:21:470:21:50

all of their options.

0:21:500:21:57

So they may still need to go ahead

and have a double mastectomy

0:21:570:22:00

because of their risk

and for long-term survival.

0:22:000:22:02

But I think it encourages us

to think that they can

0:22:020:22:04

take their time and discuss

and consider all of

0:22:040:22:06

their options and make

the right decision for them.

0:22:060:22:09

This study didn't

look at prevention.

0:22:090:22:11

One in 450 women carry

faulty BRCA genes.

0:22:110:22:18

It means they have a 45-90% chance

of getting breast cancer,

0:22:180:22:21

and many women with a strong family

history of breast cancer

0:22:210:22:24

opt for preventative

double mastectomies,

0:22:240:22:25

which almost eliminates the risk.

0:22:250:22:33

Like Angelina Jolie,

the actress and campaigner

0:22:330:22:36

Like Angelina Jolie,

when the actress and campaigner

0:22:360:22:41

revealed she'd had preventative

surgery, it led to greatly-raised

0:22:410:22:43

awareness of BRCA gene mutations.

0:22:430:22:45

This study looked only

at young women, like Laura.

0:22:450:22:47

95% of breast cancers

are in the over 40s.

0:22:470:22:49

Laura says if she had her time

again, she might have delayed having

0:22:490:22:52

a double mastectomy,

but she has no regrets.

0:22:520:22:54

Fergus Walsh, BBC News.

0:22:540:23:04

As part of events to mark the 65th

anniversary of Queen Elizabeth's

0:23:060:23:11

coronation, the BBC is broadcasting

a programme called the crown jewels.

0:23:110:23:15

In the programme, the Queen shares

memories of the 1953 coronation

0:23:150:23:19

ceremony itself as well as memories

of her father, King George VI.

0:23:190:23:32

She famously doesn't do interviews.

0:23:370:23:38

This is probably as

close as she'll get,

0:23:380:23:40

a conversation with questions about

the Coronation, the Crown Jewels,

0:23:400:23:42

and the Imperial State Crown worn

by her and her father,

0:23:420:23:45

King George VI.

0:23:450:23:46

Fortunately, my father and I have

about the same sort of shaped head.

0:23:460:23:49

Once you put it on, it stays.

0:23:490:23:51

It just remains itself.

0:23:510:23:52

You have to keep your

head very still?

0:23:520:23:54

Yes.

0:23:540:23:55

It was huge then.

Yes.

0:23:550:23:56

Very unwieldy.

0:23:560:23:57

You can't look down to read

the speech, you have take the speech

0:23:570:24:00

up, because if you did,

your neck would break,

0:24:000:24:02

it would fall off.

0:24:020:24:03

It's difficult to always remember

that diamonds are stones,

0:24:030:24:06

so very heavy.

0:24:060:24:07

Yes.

0:24:070:24:12

So, there are some

disadvantages to crowns.

0:24:120:24:14

But, otherwise, they're

quite important things.

0:24:140:24:16

She rode to her Coronation

in the Gold State Coach.

0:24:160:24:19

It weighs four tons.

0:24:190:24:20

It's not built for comfort.

0:24:200:24:22

Horrible.

0:24:220:24:24

It's not meant for

travelling in, at all.

0:24:240:24:28

It's only sprung on leather.

0:24:280:24:32

So it rocks around a lot.

0:24:320:24:34

It's not very comfortable.

0:24:340:24:36

Were you in it for a long time?

Halfway round London.

0:24:360:24:38

Really?

0:24:380:24:40

We must have gone about

four or five miles -

0:24:400:24:43

we could only go at a walking pace.

0:24:430:24:45

The horses couldn't

possibly go any faster.

0:24:450:24:46

It's so heavy.

0:24:460:24:47

65 years after the event,

a monarch talking

0:24:470:24:49

about her Coronation -

the Crown - the real one.

0:24:490:24:52

Nicholas Witchell, BBC News.

0:24:520:25:02

ABC's Sarah Hancock was caught

completely by surprise when doing

0:25:080:25:11

this piece to camera.

Once stage one

wraps up today the athletes will

0:25:110:25:17

rest and prepare for... Excuse me.

0:25:170:25:23

So my God.

The truck managed to stop

further down the road with the

0:25:250:25:31

inflatable intact and it was quickly

re-erected in enough time for the

0:25:310:25:35

winner of the women's race. Even

more remarkably, nobody was hurt.

0:25:350:25:41

Let's get a reminder of our top

story. President Trump has held back

0:25:430:25:47

from reimposing sanctions on Iran,

keeping intact the 2015 deal under

0:25:470:25:53

which Teheran curbed its nuclear

programme. That's the way it's

0:25:530:25:56

looking, stay with us on BBC news.

0:25:560:26:00