14/01/2018 World News Today


14/01/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

Ed

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This is BBC World News Today.

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Our top stories:

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ed Tunisians mark seven years since

the uprising that marked the Arab

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Spring after protests about rising

living costs.

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We were full of hope in 2011

that we could build a country

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where people lived with dignity

and rights, but we are more

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and more in a dead end.

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Two leading fashion photographers

are suspended from Vogue

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and other magazines,

over allegations they sexually

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exploited young male models.

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Hawaii is told to fix its missile

alert system after Saturday's false

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alarm. US authorities say the error

was absolutely unacceptable.

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And a narrow escape for 160

passengers and crew -

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after their plane skids off a runway

in Turkey.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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Tens of thousands of Tunisians

have taken part in fresh

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protests against austerity,

on the day that the country marks

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the seventh anniversary

of the uprising which led

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to the Arab Spring.

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But there's been no repeat of last

week's violence which resulted

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in more than 800 arrests.

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Flag waving demonstrators chanted

anti-government slogans

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in the capital Tunis,

alongside pro-government crowds

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marking the ousting of Tunisia's

former leader seven years ago.

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That revolt sparked uprisings

across the Arab world.

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Our correspondent Mark Lowen

reports from Tunis.

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A rallying cry by Tunisians that

their revolution should not be in

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vain. Seven years since toppling

their dictator, the cradle of the

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Arab Spring has not fallen silent.

They called for the basics - jobs

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and a better life. Anger burned last

week amid plans to raise prices and

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taxes, to satisfy Tunisia's lenders.

More than 800 people were arrested

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and a protester died. Shots and

government buildings were torched.

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Poorer parts of the country feel the

promise of change has died. Nine

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governments haven't eased economic

pain. Youth unemployment is over 35%

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with terror attacks, tourism

plummeted.

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The prices are so high, I had to

borrow this money to survive, this

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woman told us. "We don't have

anything, we are in need, we can't

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live."

Oil, sugar, even rubbish bags are

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too expensive now. We're miserable.

Ahmed was detained for two days on

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suspicion of fermenting the

protests, which he denies. The

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government says they're destroying

state. He believes the revolution

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didn't kill off the old regime.

TRANSLATION:

We were full of hope in

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2011 that we could build a country

where people live with dignity and

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rights but we are more and more in a

dead end and under were tests we are

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met by a police state that doesn't

accept an alternative view.

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In a bid to quell the protests, the

geefts announced a welfare package,

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raising benefits and improving

health care.

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Seven years on, Tunisia's

commemoration is bitter sweet.

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There's pride that this country

became a parliamentary democracy of

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some sort. But frustration, too,

that the hopes of 2011 for

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comprehensive change and prosperity

for all, have faded. Tunisia was

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held up as the success of the Arab

Spring but it's shaky. Revolutionly

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zeal remains, even if the optimism

of that time is a distant memory.

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We have heard further about what the

protests have been about.

The

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rallies we saw today were split into

two groups. We mainly saw people

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come out in large numbers to

commemorate the anniversary of the

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overthrow of Tunisia's former

President.

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But, of course, given what has

happened, the past week, can with

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the protests against the new

financial law, introducing austerity

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measures in the country, we also saw

large numbers take to the streets

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and join the federal rally to say no

against the financial law.

And of

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course, with this anniversary,

people must be focussed on whether

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they feel, you know, that the Arab

Spring has delivered change for the

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better or not.

Indeed. And, you

know, I think any Tunisian you speak

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to will tell you that their lives

are not any better than it was under

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Benalily. That said, they don't feel

like all hope was lost, although

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many will say they have lost hope.

This is why some will explain

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they've taken to the streets this

week and this is why they have taken

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to the streets before. Tunisia has

seen several bouts of protests in

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the last two-and-a-half years,

certainly since I have been here.

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Some of them much worse and much

more the - some which led to much

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more violence than we have seen in

the past week and lasted for weeks.

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It not to a point, once, I recall,

when the Government imposed a

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curfew, not just in other province,

but also in the capat that, Tunis.

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Tunisians continued to take to the

streets for the same reasons. It's

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either jobs because unemployment is

still at a very high rate. And it's

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because they see the Government has

not fulfilled a lot of the are

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promises it's made over the years

and they've had nine governments

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since then, all promising the same

things and ultimately not fulfilling

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them. What they are asking for today

is again, an improvement to their

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lives, especially in the other

provinces and marginalised areas. A

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lot more investment in

infrastructure and also,

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liberalising the economy a bit for

local investors to feeling

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encouraged to create new businesses,

which would create new jobs.

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Two of the world's leading fashion

photographers have been suspended

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from working for Vogue and other

magazines owned by the publishing

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house Conde Nast.

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The New York Times has published

a series of allegations

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against Mario Testino

and Bruce Weber, that they sexually

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They both deny the claims.

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Adina Campbell reports.

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He is one of the Royal Family's

favourite photographers.

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Mario Testino has been capturing

famous faces for four decades.

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But the New York Times has published

allegations of sexual misconduct,

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with more than a dozen male models

and assistants accusing the

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63-year-old of indecent behaviour.

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Testino's lawyers have

said his accusers cannot be

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considered reliable sources.

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Another well-known photographer,

Bruce Weber is also facing

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similar allegations.

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He has denied any wrongdoing.

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But Conde Nast, which publishes

magazines including Vogue

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and GQ has taken action.

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In a statement, the editor,

Anna Wintour, who calls them

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both personal friends

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has said, "I take the allegations

very seriously, and we at Conde Nast

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have decided to put our working

relationship with both photographers

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on hold for the foreseeable future.

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Vogue is a global powerhouse.

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To grace one of the front

covers is a massive deal.

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Mario Testino and Bruce Weber

have been responsible

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for some of those images,

but with allegations of sexual

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exploitation swirling,

their futures are hanging

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in the balance.

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There are now calls for more

regulation in the fashion world.

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I had been on shoots where I had

been inappropriately touched.

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I have had inappropriate

comments made to me.

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I would like to see unions organised

to collectively bargain,

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and I would like to see

what the model alliance

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of New York is proposing,

an independent body that

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would represent models against major

players in the fashion industry.

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These allegations are the latest

to rock the world of fashion,

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entertainment and social media

and don't seem to be going away.

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Charlotta Janssen was a model

in the late 1980s and early '90s.

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She joined me earlier to reflect

on her experience and wider problems

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within the industry.

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I came to New York in '89 and worked

as a model for a few years as a

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model in New York, Australia, Paris

and Milan and Spain.

Did you have

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any direct experience of harassment

yourself?

Yes. I think - I in the

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industry general we were very

disposable. Photographers trying to

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pick us up, that was just one of

many ways, that we were - I would

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say exploited. We were asked to

attend parties and were told it was

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important for our career. It wasn't

important for our career. It is just

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that they would have pretty girls

show up in pretty places and get

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them for cheap. Get them by the

dozen. I experienced harassment from

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photographs, from doer from

photographers, just the general

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working situation in that if you

didn't say yes, you wouldn't get the

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job and that was pretty much the

message you would get.

Whaen you say

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harassment, what exactly do you

mean?

You know, you hear from

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others, when it is a straight guy,

it is a forever, who has the power,

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who abuses t there were lots of good

photographers, who didn't abuse

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their power but the one that is were

the bad players they would be known

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and it would be said - you know,

keep clear from them, and, you know,

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if you want to have that campaign,

if you wanted to have that job,

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then, you know, do what you can to

get it.

Are you saying that those

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around the modelling agency business

were, and have been aware of this

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culture?

They must have been,

because, you know all of us models

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knew about it and it was kind of,

you know, sometimes if one girl

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spoke up and said something to them,

they said - well, were you raped?

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No, well then don't worry about it.

Just keep clear of him. Do you want

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to work, well, you know, shut up,

get over it. We were basically told

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to fend for ourselves.

Do you think

the

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#Metoo campaign will change things

for men and women in this business?

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We have been exposed used and abused

for so long, treated like disposable

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commodities. Let's see how we can

change that, I think it would be

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amazing.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

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At least one person has been killed

after a strong earthquake

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rocked southern Peru.

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The epicentre of the 7.1 magnitude

quake was off the coast

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in the Pacific at a depth

of almost 40 kilometres.

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Local officials in the region

of Arequipa say many adobe homes

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in coastal villages have collapsed.

0:11:370:11:39

At least 65 people are injured.

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An earlier tsunami warning

has been withdrawn.

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Chinese state media says a burning

oil tanker adrift off its coast for

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over a week has now sunk. 32 xru

aboard the vessel when it collided

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with another ship in the East China

Sea last week. Chinese authority

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have only managed to retrieve three

bodies so far.

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More than 160 passengers and crew

had a narrow escape,

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when their plane skidded off

a runway in Turkey.

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The Boeing 737 slid down a steep

slope, coming to rest just a few

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metres from the edge of the Black

Sea.

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One of the plane's engines broke

off, ending up in the water.

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No passengers or crew were hurt.

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Stay with us on BBC

World News, still to come:

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In 2006, the former Russian spy

Alexander Litvinenko

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was killed in London

in a notorious murder case.

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We'll hear from his wife, Marina -

who's been speaking to the BBC's

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Witness programme.

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This is BBC World News. The latest

headlines: Tunisians hold a day of

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pro and anti-Government rallies on

the 7th anniversary of the uprising

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which heralded at Arab Spring.

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Two leading fashion photographers

are suspended about Vogue and other

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magazines over allegations they

sexually exploited young male

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models.

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The US official leading the inquiry

into how a warning of an imminent

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missile attack was mistakenly sent

to people in Hawaii says the state

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doesn't have reasonable safeguards

to prevent such an error.

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The false alert on Saturday

triggered widespread panic.

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SIREN

38 minutes of panic and confusion,

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which has now turned to relief but

also anger. Why did it happen? And

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where is the President?

On Saturday morning, an emergency

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text message was sent to people in

Hawaii, saying a ballistic missile

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was headed for the island and to

take immediate shelter. There was

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hysteria as people scrambled to get

to safety.

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Today is a day that most of us will

never forget. Day when many in our

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community thought our worst

nightmare might actually be

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happening.

But it was a mistake. A

huge one. Made by a worker at

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Hawaii's Emergency Management

Agency.

The wrong button was pushed.

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It wasn't an actual event. It was a

test.

Making matters worse. It took

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38 minutes for a second message,

declaring the alarm, to be a false

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one, to be sent out.

So for about 30

minutes we are hanging out in the

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closet, texts our friends, calling

our friends and familiar lane

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telling them that right now we are

OK, but, to watch and see what

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happens.

Hawaii has been on alert since US

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President Donald Trump and North

Korea's leader, Kim Jong Un, began

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exchanging new clear threats. Hawaii

started practising air raid drills

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last month and while estimates vary,

state officials say residents will

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only have about 12 minutes to find

shelter once a real alert is issued.

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Staying uncharacteristicically

quiet, the President of the United

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States. He was golfing at the time

and did tweet after the incident

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but, it wasn't about Hawaii. Donald

Trump repeated one of his own mess

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adgess about the Fake news media.

His silence hasn't gone unnoticed.

0:16:310:16:40

Reza Aslan said:

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"Trump knew within minutes no

missile was hurtling between Hawaii,

0:16:450:16:51

he didn't tweet."

No-one knew one

thing about as far to do or where to

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go. A lot of people in Honolulu,

they don't live here, they are on

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have acation, they didn't know where

to go.

That's been echoed across

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Hawaii. Many people realising if it

had been real the consequences would

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have been catastrophic, partly

because many people don't have an

0:17:120:17:15

emergency plan. A federal

investigation has been launched and

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the emergency alerts now acquire a

two-person sign-off before they can

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be issued.

No threat here.

And while thousands

0:17:220:17:27

say they've been left traumatised,

for others, ignorance was bliss.

0:17:270:17:36

You may remember the story

of the former colonel

0:17:360:17:38

in the Russian Secret Service

who was killed in London

0:17:380:17:41

in a notorious murder case in 2006.

0:17:410:17:42

Alexander Litvinenko

was poisoned with the highly

0:17:420:17:52

radioactive substance polonium 210.

0:17:530:17:54

A public inquiry in 2016 concluded

that his murder was a FSB operation,

0:17:540:17:57

radioactive substance polonium 210.

0:17:570:17:58

radioactive substance polonium 210.

0:17:580:17:59

radioactive substance polonium 210.

0:17:590:18:00

A public inquiry in 2016 concluded

that his murder was a FSB operation,

0:18:000:18:03

and that President Putin

probably approved it.

0:18:030:18:05

More than ten years after his death,

the BBC's Witness programme caught

0:18:050:18:07

up with his wife, Marina.

0:18:080:18:10

Scotland Yard is investigating

the suspected poisoning of a Russian

0:18:100:18:13

dissident living in Britain.

0:18:130:18:18

Alexander Litvinenko, once a colonel

in the Russian security service.

0:18:180:18:20

Now he's fighting for his life.

0:18:200:18:29

When I met him the

first time, I didn't

0:18:290:18:31

think, it's my future husband.

0:18:310:18:37

He was very shy, he was absolutely

different to what you usually think

0:18:370:18:40

about officer of

the security service.

0:18:400:18:42

I feel very safe with him.

0:18:420:18:43

I feel loved.

0:18:430:18:53

Sasha's life belongs

to serving the country.

0:18:540:18:56

He went to Army when he

was just 17 years old.

0:18:560:19:00

He joined headquarters exactly

in a time when the Soviet Union

0:19:000:19:03

collapsed, and his job was more

against organised crime.

0:19:030:19:07

The growth in crime

or so affects those who

0:19:070:19:09

have done well out of change.

0:19:090:19:10

A bullet-proof car with

a team of bodyguards

0:19:100:19:12

take this top banker

to

0:19:120:19:13

work.

0:19:130:19:14

It was crazy time.

0:19:140:19:17

People tried to earn

money any different

0:19:170:19:19

way.

0:19:190:19:22

When organised crime,

people from security service,

0:19:220:19:25

people from government started

to cooperate

0:19:250:19:28

together, and this is not for better

future of this country.

0:19:280:19:32

It's not better for people.

0:19:320:19:33

It's just for themselves.

0:19:330:19:37

Mr Litvinenko spent the last decade

taking on the Kremlin.

0:19:370:19:41

He first broke ranks

with his old bosses in 1998,

0:19:410:19:43

when he claimed he'd been ordered

to murder the Russian

0:19:430:19:46

tycoon Boris Berezovsky.

0:19:460:19:50

When he told me they were going

to this press conference,

0:19:500:19:54

I was already very nervous and said,

are you sure you have to do this?

0:19:540:20:01

Sasha said, "I have no choice."

0:20:010:20:02

We need to be very

noisy to say what we

0:20:020:20:04

know about this crime.

0:20:040:20:12

He said, "Marina, you need

to travel abroad."

0:20:120:20:20

I said, "why?

0:20:200:20:21

Why do I need to go?"

0:20:210:20:24

And we decided to go to London."

0:20:240:20:26

We asked for political asylum.

0:20:260:20:27

On the 1st of November,

he had lunch with an

0:20:270:20:30

Italian contact in a Japanese

restaurant in central London.

0:20:300:20:32

On the same day, he met two Russian

contacts in a London hotel.

0:20:320:20:35

Hours later, he began to feel ill.

0:20:350:20:37

He hardly can walk.

0:20:370:20:39

In hospital, Sasha say,

"could you check me for poison?"

0:20:390:20:42

And they looked at us, like,

you are crazy people.

0:20:420:20:44

Why we need to do this?

0:20:440:20:53

Sasha explained, "I am a former

officer from Russia and I have very

0:20:530:20:56

powerful enemies."

0:20:560:20:57

And, when I saw all his hair

on his shoulders, on

0:20:570:21:05

his pillow, and then

I just grabbed his hat

0:21:050:21:07

and I saw hairs on my gloves.

0:21:070:21:09

I was shocked.

0:21:090:21:13

He looks like after chemotherapy.

0:21:130:21:16

For somebody to have this

level of radiation, they

0:21:160:21:21

would have either to have eaten it,

inhaled it or taken it

0:21:210:21:23

in through a wound.

0:21:230:21:25

Which of those it was,

we don't know.

0:21:250:21:30

When Sasha opened his eyes,

he was looking very upset.

0:21:300:21:40

I said, "Don't worry, Sasha.

0:21:430:21:44

I'll be back tomorrow."

0:21:440:21:54

And suddenly he said, "Marina,

I love you so much."

0:21:550:21:57

System that was built in Russia

killed not only my husband.

0:21:570:22:00

So many people were killed.

0:22:000:22:01

Because everything that happens

in Russia now, it's about money.

0:22:010:22:03

He believed his job,

it's for people.

0:22:030:22:08

Probably why I like this

about Sasha, his feeling.

0:22:080:22:10

It's not only his duty.

0:22:100:22:11

It is his passion.

0:22:110:22:14

Even Sasha is not here,

he is still part of me.

0:22:140:22:24

Marina Litvinenko there speaking to

the BBC's Witness programme.

0:22:280:22:37

Tulsen Tollett has all the sport.

0:22:370:22:38

Manchester City's unbeaten run

in the Premier League this

0:22:380:22:40

season has come to an end

after they were beaten 4-3

0:22:400:22:43

at Liverpool in a thrilling match.

0:22:430:22:44

City still lead by 15 points.

0:22:440:22:46

Although Jurgen Klopp's side,

who are third with an unbeaten run

0:22:460:22:48

of 18 games themselves,

showed there is life

0:22:480:22:50

after Phillipe Coutinho's

record move to Barcelona.

0:22:500:22:52

The BBC's Alan Green

was watching at Anfield.

0:22:520:22:54

Shrimp a sensational game, living up

to all hopes, all expectations. -

0:22:540:22:58

simply.

The two best attacking teams in the

0:22:580:23:03

country produced seven goals and the

outcome in doubt until the final

0:23:030:23:06

whistle. Liverpool took the lead

from Oxlade-Chamberlain in the ninth

0:23:060:23:10

minute. Sane equalised before

half-time. Then the second half.

0:23:100:23:16

Three Liverpool goals in eight

minutes. City didn't drop their

0:23:160:23:18

heads. Substitute, Silva made it

4-2. Then in stoppage time. 4-3. But

0:23:180:23:26

Liverpool held

0:23:260:23:28

on and they probably deserve to.

To

be honest I was not really scared.

0:23:280:23:35

Not that I City couldn't get a

fourth one. I know it is possible

0:23:350:23:43

but I only really just enjoyed the

game.

0:23:430:23:50

Meanwhile, Arsenal were beaten

2-1 at Bournemouth in

0:23:500:23:52

Sunday's early kick off.

0:23:520:23:53

Despite falling behind Eddie Howe's

team recovered to score two goals

0:23:530:23:55

in the space of four minutes

through Callum Wilson and Jordon Ibe

0:23:550:23:58

to lift themselves up

four places to 13th,

0:23:580:24:00

while Arsene Wenger who's side

are winless over five games

0:24:000:24:04

in all competitions has said

he would review the defeat

0:24:040:24:06

in a "harsh way"

0:24:060:24:14

Barcelona have bought back from 2-0

down away at sore dad. Suarez scored

0:24:140:24:21

twice to drive them into the lead

against the Basque side -- Sociadad.

0:24:210:24:37

Sevilla were dealt a blow

when relegation threatened Alaves

0:24:370:24:39

defeated them 1-0.

0:24:390:24:40

India still trail South Africa

by 152 runs after Day 2

0:24:400:24:43

of the second test in Centurion

despite an unbeaten 85

0:24:430:24:45

from captain Virat Kohli.

0:24:450:24:47

India bowled the hosts out

for 335 before lunch -

0:24:470:24:49

Ravi Ashwin claiming four wickets.

0:24:490:24:50

The visitors reached 183 for 5

at stumps as they look to level

0:24:500:24:53

the three Test series.

0:24:530:24:54

The Australian Open starts in just

under three hours' time

0:24:540:24:57

with defending men's champion,

Roger Federer, again

0:24:570:24:58

one of the favourites.

0:24:580:24:59

The 36-year-old Swiss

who won his first Grand Slam

0:24:590:25:02

for five years in Melbourne last

year, before adding a further

0:25:020:25:04

Wimbledon crown later in 2017,

believes his age should count

0:25:040:25:07

against him.

0:25:070:25:08

With age I feel like, you know, I

play down my chances just because I

0:25:080:25:12

don't think a 36-year-old should be

a favourite of a tournament. It

0:25:120:25:16

should not be the case. So that's

why I see things more relaxed, you

0:25:160:25:20

know, in the later stage of my

career. I feel like maybe somebody,

0:25:200:25:25

like a Rafa, with the year that he

has or a Novak with the six titles

0:25:250:25:29

he has had here. Even though it is

unknown how he is feeling, they

0:25:290:25:32

could very well be the favourites,

too. So tend of the day it is all

0:25:320:25:38

just talk beforehand.

That's your sport for now.

Thank you

0:25:380:25:41

very much indeed.

0:25:410:25:46

All the latest we have for you on

the website and you can reach me on

0:25:460:25:50

Twitter. I'm back with the headlines

in a few minutes. This is BBC News.

0:25:500:25:55

Thank you very much for watching. #

0:25:550:25:59

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