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This is BBC World News today, I'm
Samantha Simmonds, top stories: US
Congress releases a Republican memo
alleging that the FBI abuse
surveillance powers during the
election campaign, the release is
approved by President Trump.
it is a disgrace what is happening
in our country, and when you look at
that and you see that and some of
the other things that are going on,
a lot of people should be ashamed of
The disgraced US a
gymnastics Virgin sticks Dr Larry
Nassar is lunged at by a father of
one of those that he abused, at his
Abandoned in a mountain blizzard,
how one Syrian refugees survived
after being left for dead by
smugglers. Unique view of poll and
bears struggling to find enough food
as they arrive on the shrinking
-- polar bears.
Controversial 4-page Republican
drafted memo that accuses the FBI
and Justice Department of bias
against US President Donald Trump
has been released, the document
suggests the FBI and the Department
of justice have shown an anti-Trump
bias in their investigation into
alleged collusion between the
election campaign and Russia. The
president chose to release it and
had this to say to reporters.
think it is terrible, you want to
know the truth, I think it is a
disgrace, what is going on in this
country, I think it is a disgrace,
the memo was sent to Congress,
declassified, Congress will do what
ever they are going to do. I think
it is a disgrace what is happening
in our country, and when you look at
that and see that and so many other
things that are going on, a lot of
people should be ashamed of
themselves. And much more than that.
I sent it over to Congress, they
will do what they are going to do,
whatever they do is fine, it was
declassified, let's see what
happens. A lot of people should be
Thank you very much. I
asked our correspondent in
Washington where the release of the
memo left the investigation into
Those are very separate matters,
this memo has no impact
on the Russia investigation
in that it continues,
it does not have any impact
on whether Robert Mueller will be
able to talk to Donald Trump or not.
This is about one small part
of an ongoing investigation,
do not forget, there are many
on at the moment, but this pulls
into question the process
by which the FBI and the Department
of justice obtain evidence.
That is what this is about.
The actual investigation is not
and the White House goes on to say
that the main reason
they supported its release
is because it raises serious
questions about the integrity
of decisions at the highest level
of the department of justice and FBI
to use the government's most
obtrusive surveillance tools
against American citizens.
In other words, should the FBI have
this power to be able to spy
on American citizens
when there is not any real oversight
as to how they obtain it?
And in using this information, in
knowing the source of information,
showed bias. The Democrats say that
is an inaccurate picture.
The Republicans and the White House
claimed that that shows
that there was bias at the very top
level of the FBI, and of
the department of justice,
which has opened up a huge war
between Donald Trump and members
of his own apartment of justice
and the people he appointed
to oversee these departments.
The Democrats say that this memo
is incomplete, misleading,
does not tell the whole story.
The FBI says it has grave concerns
but Republicans are saying that it
shows there was bias that should
undermine the Russia probe.
The release and of the memo was
expected because that is how
President Trump operates, the
content of the memo was really not
much of anything, it was very
lacklustre, really made no charges.
The allegation is that the FBI
misused their powers in a
nonpartisan way, is that something
that is feasible in your view?
FBI ageing, every FBI employee has
their own political beliefs and
religious beliefs but we carry out
our job in a very nonpartisan
manner. Our call of duty is to the
Constitution and the rule of law.
Having said that, do I think this is
partisan, do I think the
investigation was partisan? I do
You say you have never
witnessed anybody behave in a
nonpartisan way, to misused their
powers, is it possible that somebody
could have done so, are there enough
checks and balances on every member
of the FBI, that they could have
done everything correctly, to make
sure they had checked, and make sure
they are not doing something wrong?
Yes, I have to say, the application
is a very own is application, the
Fisa application, this 4-page memo
alludes that basically the entire
application was written based upon
one person's statements, but the
application is going to have many,
many, many facts that need to be
proven and documented. The dossier
may have been one of one dozen,
possibly hundreds of facts that
needed to go into that application.
Clearly no love lost between
President Trump and many members of
the intelligence community, do you
think this ongoing investigation and
this mudslinging in so many
directions is going to permanently
damage the FBI in any way?
has been the target of attacks in
the past and will be the target of
attacks in the future. The FBI
personnel are professionals, they
will continue to do their job.
Having said that, it is not good and
does not help the FBI, or the
general public, when the president
of the United States is attacking
them, credibility, trustworthiness,
that is detrimental not just to the
FBI but to the American public.
Chaotic scenes at a court in
Michigan during the sentencing of
the former team doctor of the
American gymnastics team, Larry
Nassar, found guilty of sexually
abusing girls in his care.
Another family stands like so many
before them to confront the
disgraced doctor, all three of these
children were sexually assaulted by
Larry Nassar, at this final
sentencing hearing, two of them,
Lauren and Madison speak of their
grief and the parents guilt.
the look in their faces, I know that
they want to be able to do something
that they cannot, and the guilt they
have will never go away, all of this
is because of you.
To my parents,
thank you for all your love and
support you through all of this. You
have done everything that a parent
could ever do. I love you.
Margrave then asks permission, as a
distraught father, to speak.
We don't want to have
profanity. The court room chuckles
as he requests time alone.
of the sentencing, I want you to
grant me five minutes in a locker
room with this man. That is not
how... No sir, I cannot. Would you
give me one minute?
You know that I cannot do that, that
is not how the legal system works.
Let me at him.
Stay down, stay down,
There have been numerous
powerful moments throughout Larry
Nassar's sentencing hearings, but
this one for the's reaction shows
how clearly raw emotions are. When
the court resumed, the judge shows
There is no way that
this court is going to issue any
type of punishment given the
circumstances of this case. My heart
does go out to you, and your family,
because of what you have gone
The reality that Larry
Nassar's sexually abuse close to 300
girls over years has been regarded
as a failure of society. This case
has inevitably led to investigations
but more importantly, has forced the
nation to take a hard luck at how
women are treated and valued.
Two weeks ago, 16 Syrians including
several children died trying to
travel across the mountains from
Syria into Lebanon, they were caught
in an icy blizzards. Only a few
survived. Our correspondent has been
to meet one of them, a
Meet little Sara, just three years
old, black marks on her face are
caused by frostbite. Smugglers
abandoned Zara during a blizzard, as
she was crossing the mountains from
the war in Syria to join her father.
She only survived because the man
who dumped her was forced at
gunpoint to go back and get her.
Zara's mother, Big Sister and granny
all froze to death. Now, in a
Lebanese hospital, her father
watches over her day and night.
I do my best to be a
mother and a father to her, I will
do everything I can to help her get
over this, she is all that I have
16 Syrians died trying to reach
safety that day, for the rescuers,
it was the worst thing they had ever
seen. There is some good news. A
couple of days after first meeting
Zara and her dad, we went to see
them again. Sara has had an
operation on her face. She has got
back her appetite. Her doctor says
that the surgery was a success.
Her father captured the first moment
after the operation, she has a long
way to go, she is still smiling.
Hopes are fading that any more
survivors will be found after a
migrant boat capsized off the coast
of Libya, 90 people appear to have
drowned, we are following the story
90 people on board the
boat that capsized off the Libyan
coast, looking around me, we can see
how these calm waters seemed to
represent a risk
worth taking, in these dangerous
shores. Those on board included
Pakistanis as well as Libyans
according to some of the survivors.
We do know that most of the migrants
that take the journey from Libya are
often from sub Saharan Africa. This
group of people represent perhaps a
shift in trend, according to some
observers in the region. Even where
I am standing, a marked increase of
locals from here taking the journey,
from their own country, to southern
Europe. The political and economic
turmoil in the region, the ticket
early in Libya, is contributing to
this, we know that the EU strategy
to curb illegal migration from North
Africa to southern Europe is largely
focused on the traditional groups
that make the journey. This includes
asylum seekers and refugees from
countries like Syria, Eritrea and
Saddam, as well as economic
migrants, that some believe make up
the largest portion of those who
make the crossing from sub-Saharan
Africa. -- Sudan. If there is a
potential shift, then Europe will
have to readjust the strategy and
they will be watching developments
We can speak with a spokesperson for
the centre of international
immigration, he was asked about
Pakistani refugees making the
It is an
opportunistic thing, smugglers will
go and recruit from wherever they
can. The fact it is Pakistani 's
this time is not particularly
significant, Bangladesh 's number
three in the running order, through
Libya, strange as it seems. --
Bangladesh is number three. --
Pakistanis. It is a journey of
exploitation, often they fall into
the hands of militia. These people
hope and pray that they will get to
Europe and start a new life. A new
El Dorado. A lot of this is driven
by greed by the smugglers but also
inadvertently, social media
companies allow this to happen. Many
lies are told on social media,
innocent enough would-be migrants
believe what they read on social
media platforms. They are then
helped to avoid the authorities must
to use encrypted messaging apps,
like Viber, and much more needs to
be done to communicate the dangers
of taking the bait and giving them
money. If you have a smartphone in
your pocket, does not cost much, you
can see what looks like a glamorous
life in another part of the world.
Put those together, huge demand for
people to come to what they think is
a new life, but what really needs to
happen is some kind of organised
economic growth in their own
countries and better opportunities,
less corruption in the government,
that kind of thing.
Morrice police are being deployed to
the French port city of Calais
following clashes between groups of
migrants. Four Eritreas are in
critical condition after being shot
by an Afghan man who was firing at a
queue for food hand-outs, 800
migrants are living rough in Calais,
according to estimates.
The latest from there from Gavin
This is the scene 24 was on,
from the violence yesterday, where
20 migrants were injured.
Lee. What we know is that not far
from here, on the outskirts of
Calais, close to the so-called
jungle camp, which has subsequently
Five Eritrea and
men, between 16 and 18, teenagers,
shot, four still in hospital. --
137-year-old Afghan suspect,
suspected people smuggler, still
missing, the French interior
Minister came here to say they are
still looking for him, increased
police patrols, talking about this
particular area, violence here, into
the evening, 22 injured including
police officers. What is going on,
what has changed? Tonight it is a
lot quieter, people are relatively
calm, one thing that migrants will
not say on camera, off-camera they
say they have felt tension rising,
issue about clusters of camps have
been growing since they have not
been allowed to have the jungle
camp. Turf war, things have kicked
off between Afghans and Eritreans.
300 police officers hope to calm
down the situation. The manual off
said will be no return to the jungle
camp and in one month's time, you
migration plans from him. As you
see, this place starts to grow by
the day, 700 to 800 people here now,
according to charities, increasing
by 20 to 50 people everyday. Stay
Coming up: unique insight into the
polar bear's struggle for survival,
on Milton polar ice.
-- Arctic ice.
This is BBC World News Today.
The latest headlines:
The US Congress has released
a controversial Republican
memo alleging the FBI
abused its surveillance powers
during the election campaign.
The father of three sexual
abuse victims has lunged
at the disgraced USA gymnastics team
doctor Larry Nassar during his final
Scientists studying the decline
in the survival rates
of polar bears have observed them
expending more energy than they can
consume as they hunt.
The researchers found that the bears
have a higher metabolic rate
than previously thought
and are unable to catch enough prey
to meet their energy needs.
Victoria Gill has more.
A polar bear's view of the Arctic.
These remarkable images
were captured cameras
inside tracking collars that
scientists fitted to nine solitary
female polar bears.
In a study carried out over three
seasons in the Arctic,
the researchers set out
to understand whether the animals
were getting enough to eat
during the critical spring thaw.
Satellite studies have shown that
Arctic sea ice is decreasing
at a rate of about 14% every decade.
And the bears need that ice to hunt
and to eat their main and most
calorie-rich prey - seals.
So as well as fitting
them with GPS tracking,
the researchers injected the bears
with a metabolic tracer.
This revealed that wild bears
have a higher metabolic rate
than previously thought.
And that most of them were unable
to catch enough food
to meet their energy needs.
The scientists say that
this new technology,
following their every move
and their every meal,
reveals just how these predators'
survival will be affected
as their icy environment
transforms around them.
The Israeli Embassy in Warsaw
has warned of a wave of anti-Semitic
statements in Poland,
in the midst of a row
between the two countries
over a proposed Polish law related
to the Holocaust.
The legislation outlaws references
that imply that Poland was complicit
in crimes committed by Nazi Germany
during the Second World War.
Adam Easton reports from Warsaw.
Auschwitz, the concentration and
death camp that has come to
symbolise the Holocaust, 1 million
due is people were gassed here,
Polish, Rome and others were killed
here, it was designed, built and run
by the Nazis, in occupied Poland. --
Jewish people. The Polish government
wants everyone to remember that.
That is why it has passed
legislation that introduces prison
sentences for people who accuse
Poland of coresponsibility for not
see crimes. Israel has reacted
furiously, accusing Poland of
denying historical truth. -- Nazi
crimes. The International Council at
the Auschwitz museum is worried the
bill will hinder Holocaust research.
There is ample evidence that some
Polish blackmailed and even murdered
Jewish neighbours during the war.
Other Polish acted heroically,
risking their lives to hide Jewish
from the Nazis. The Polish Prime
Minister took journalists to a
museum, commemorating one such
We will not allow anybody to
tell us this, we cannot allow that
this is a phrase, Polish death camp,
we cannot allow that phrase to come
about, because this is an affront to
all the victims cruelly killed by
Poland and Israel are rising, the
president of Poland now has to
decide whether to sign the bill into
I feel sorry for
the Polish and it hurts me that I
need to dig out these memories, to
put them on the table again. I am
still hoping, since the new bill
still needs the Polish President's
consent, that he will delay its.
has caused a row in anti-Semitic
incidents in Poland, the Israelis
embassy in Warsaw says it has been
the target of a wave of abuse, and
the head of the city's Jewish
community has told the BBC it is
also witnessed similar incidents.
Cameron Norrie has produced a
remarkable comeback to level Great
Britain's Davis Cup world group
first round tie against Spain in
Madaya, there is no Andy Murray or
Kyle Edmund. -- Marbella. The top
two are not available to this. Liam
Broady lost the first match of the
Day, Cameron Norrie was two sets
down against Roberto Bautista Agut
but Giraldo brilliantly to win the
next three sets and square the time
against a man ranked 91 places above
him in the world. Roberto Bautista
Agut did seem to struggle with a leg
injury in the second half of the
match. Temperatures in Minnesota
ahead of the Super Bowl have been as
low as -20 degrees, luckily, the
roof will be closed on Sunday at the
US bank Stadium, so it will be
considerably warm inside. Caroline
Barker is in Minneapolis.
Anybody would think it is cold, it
is, you can probably tell not just
by my breath but that they have
built a ski ramp in the middle of
the street! That is the kind of
thing that happens when Super Bowl
rolls into town, Super Bowl LII,
just a few miles from here, will
kick off as the Patriots take on the
eagles, it will be on record the
coldest Super Bowl Sunday.
Temperatures down to -25, will not
affect the players or fans or us,
fingers crossed, we will be inside.
Good job they do every build the
stadium, the roof collapsed because
of the weight of snow at the old one
but no such problems come Super Bowl
Sunday. The game itself, what do you
need to know, perhaps the
Philadelphia Eagles are the
underdogs, don't mention their name
to often around here, because the
Minnesota Vikings would get to the
Super Bowl. New England, the dream
is to do it again, they have done it
before, superstar quarterback, Tom
Brady, going for a record sixth
Super Bowl win, six Super Bowls for
his team. They have the edge and the
advantage but the Philadelphia
Eagles have come back from
adversity, way back in December they
lost their quarterback, brought in a
new guide, bit of a wobble, now
doing the team justice. That is
about all you need to know apart
from it is so-called, apparently, 20
minutes is all you need to get
frostbite! Perhaps maybe with my
fingers are still intact I will
leave it at that! We will see you at
Super Bowl game days.
That is all
the sport, we will see you later on.
That is all for -- that is all from
me for now, thank you for watching.