02/02/2018 World News Today


02/02/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News today, I'm

Samantha Simmonds, top stories: US

0:00:080:00:12

Congress releases a Republican memo

alleging that the FBI abuse

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surveillance powers during the

election campaign, the release is

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approved by President Trump.

I think

it is a disgrace what is happening

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in our country, and when you look at

that and you see that and some of

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the other things that are going on,

a lot of people should be ashamed of

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themselves.

The disgraced US a

gymnastics Virgin sticks Dr Larry

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Nassar is lunged at by a father of

one of those that he abused, at his

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final hearing.

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Abandoned in a mountain blizzard,

how one Syrian refugees survived

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after being left for dead by

smugglers. Unique view of poll and

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bears struggling to find enough food

as they arrive on the shrinking

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Arctic ice.

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-- polar bears.

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Controversial 4-page Republican

drafted memo that accuses the FBI

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and Justice Department of bias

against US President Donald Trump

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has been released, the document

suggests the FBI and the Department

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of justice have shown an anti-Trump

bias in their investigation into

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alleged collusion between the

election campaign and Russia. The

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president chose to release it and

had this to say to reporters.

I

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think it is terrible, you want to

know the truth, I think it is a

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disgrace, what is going on in this

country, I think it is a disgrace,

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the memo was sent to Congress,

declassified, Congress will do what

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ever they are going to do. I think

it is a disgrace what is happening

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in our country, and when you look at

that and see that and so many other

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things that are going on, a lot of

people should be ashamed of

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themselves. And much more than that.

I sent it over to Congress, they

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will do what they are going to do,

whatever they do is fine, it was

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declassified, let's see what

happens. A lot of people should be

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ashamed.

Thank you very much. I

asked our correspondent in

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Washington where the release of the

memo left the investigation into

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Russian interference.

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Those are very separate matters,

this memo has no impact

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on the Russia investigation

in that it continues,

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it does not have any impact

on whether Robert Mueller will be

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able to talk to Donald Trump or not.

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This is about one small part

of an ongoing investigation,

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do not forget, there are many

investigations going

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on at the moment, but this pulls

into question the process

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by which the FBI and the Department

of justice obtain evidence.

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That is what this is about.

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The actual investigation is not

necessarily affected,

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and the White House goes on to say

that the main reason

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they supported its release

is because it raises serious

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questions about the integrity

of decisions at the highest level

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of the department of justice and FBI

to use the government's most

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obtrusive surveillance tools

against American citizens.

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In other words, should the FBI have

this power to be able to spy

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on American citizens

when there is not any real oversight

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as to how they obtain it?

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And in using this information, in

knowing the source of information,

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showed bias. The Democrats say that

is an inaccurate picture.

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The Republicans and the White House

claimed that that shows

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that there was bias at the very top

level of the FBI, and of

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the department of justice,

which has opened up a huge war

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between Donald Trump and members

of his own apartment of justice

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and the people he appointed

to oversee these departments.

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The Democrats say that this memo

is incomplete, misleading,

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does not tell the whole story.

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The FBI says it has grave concerns

but Republicans are saying that it

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shows there was bias that should

undermine the Russia probe.

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The release and of the memo was

expected because that is how

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President Trump operates, the

content of the memo was really not

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much of anything, it was very

lacklustre, really made no charges.

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The allegation is that the FBI

misused their powers in a

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nonpartisan way, is that something

that is feasible in your view?

Every

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FBI ageing, every FBI employee has

their own political beliefs and

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religious beliefs but we carry out

our job in a very nonpartisan

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manner. Our call of duty is to the

Constitution and the rule of law.

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Having said that, do I think this is

partisan, do I think the

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investigation was partisan? I do

not.

You say you have never

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witnessed anybody behave in a

nonpartisan way, to misused their

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powers, is it possible that somebody

could have done so, are there enough

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checks and balances on every member

of the FBI, that they could have

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done everything correctly, to make

sure they had checked, and make sure

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they are not doing something wrong?

Yes, I have to say, the application

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is a very own is application, the

Fisa application, this 4-page memo

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alludes that basically the entire

application was written based upon

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one person's statements, but the

application is going to have many,

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many, many facts that need to be

proven and documented. The dossier

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may have been one of one dozen,

possibly hundreds of facts that

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needed to go into that application.

Clearly no love lost between

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President Trump and many members of

the intelligence community, do you

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think this ongoing investigation and

this mudslinging in so many

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directions is going to permanently

damage the FBI in any way?

The FBI

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has been the target of attacks in

the past and will be the target of

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attacks in the future. The FBI

personnel are professionals, they

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will continue to do their job.

Having said that, it is not good and

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does not help the FBI, or the

general public, when the president

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of the United States is attacking

them, credibility, trustworthiness,

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that is detrimental not just to the

FBI but to the American public.

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Chaotic scenes at a court in

Michigan during the sentencing of

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the former team doctor of the

American gymnastics team, Larry

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Nassar, found guilty of sexually

abusing girls in his care.

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Another family stands like so many

before them to confront the

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disgraced doctor, all three of these

children were sexually assaulted by

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Larry Nassar, at this final

sentencing hearing, two of them,

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Lauren and Madison speak of their

grief and the parents guilt.

I see

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the look in their faces, I know that

they want to be able to do something

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that they cannot, and the guilt they

have will never go away, all of this

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is because of you.

To my parents,

thank you for all your love and

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support you through all of this. You

have done everything that a parent

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could ever do. I love you.

Randy

Margrave then asks permission, as a

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distraught father, to speak.

You son

of a...

We don't want to have

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profanity. The court room chuckles

as he requests time alone.

As part

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of the sentencing, I want you to

grant me five minutes in a locker

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room with this man. That is not

how... No sir, I cannot. Would you

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give me one minute?

LAUGHTER

You know that I cannot do that, that

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is not how the legal system works.

Let me at him.

Stay down, stay down,

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sir.

There have been numerous

powerful moments throughout Larry

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Nassar's sentencing hearings, but

this one for the's reaction shows

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how clearly raw emotions are. When

the court resumed, the judge shows

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compassion.

There is no way that

this court is going to issue any

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type of punishment given the

circumstances of this case. My heart

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does go out to you, and your family,

because of what you have gone

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through.

The reality that Larry

Nassar's sexually abuse close to 300

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girls over years has been regarded

as a failure of society. This case

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has inevitably led to investigations

but more importantly, has forced the

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nation to take a hard luck at how

women are treated and valued.

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Two weeks ago, 16 Syrians including

several children died trying to

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travel across the mountains from

Syria into Lebanon, they were caught

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in an icy blizzards. Only a few

survived. Our correspondent has been

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to meet one of them, a

three-year-old girl.

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Meet little Sara, just three years

old, black marks on her face are

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caused by frostbite. Smugglers

abandoned Zara during a blizzard, as

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she was crossing the mountains from

the war in Syria to join her father.

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She only survived because the man

who dumped her was forced at

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gunpoint to go back and get her.

Zara's mother, Big Sister and granny

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all froze to death. Now, in a

Lebanese hospital, her father

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watches over her day and night.

TRANSLATION:

I do my best to be a

0:10:010:10:07

mother and a father to her, I will

do everything I can to help her get

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over this, she is all that I have

now.

16 Syrians died trying to reach

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safety that day, for the rescuers,

it was the worst thing they had ever

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seen. There is some good news. A

couple of days after first meeting

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Zara and her dad, we went to see

them again. Sara has had an

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operation on her face. She has got

back her appetite. Her doctor says

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that the surgery was a success.

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Her father captured the first moment

after the operation, she has a long

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way to go, she is still smiling.

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Hopes are fading that any more

survivors will be found after a

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migrant boat capsized off the coast

of Libya, 90 people appear to have

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drowned, we are following the story

from Tunisia.

90 people on board the

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boat that capsized off the Libyan

coast, looking around me, we can see

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how these calm waters seemed to

represent a risk

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worth taking, in these dangerous

shores. Those on board included

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Pakistanis as well as Libyans

according to some of the survivors.

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We do know that most of the migrants

that take the journey from Libya are

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often from sub Saharan Africa. This

group of people represent perhaps a

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shift in trend, according to some

observers in the region. Even where

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I am standing, a marked increase of

locals from here taking the journey,

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from their own country, to southern

Europe. The political and economic

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turmoil in the region, the ticket

early in Libya, is contributing to

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this, we know that the EU strategy

to curb illegal migration from North

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Africa to southern Europe is largely

focused on the traditional groups

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that make the journey. This includes

asylum seekers and refugees from

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countries like Syria, Eritrea and

Saddam, as well as economic

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migrants, that some believe make up

the largest portion of those who

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make the crossing from sub-Saharan

Africa. -- Sudan. If there is a

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potential shift, then Europe will

have to readjust the strategy and

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they will be watching developments

with concern.

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We can speak with a spokesperson for

the centre of international

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immigration, he was asked about

Pakistani refugees making the

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dangerous trip.

It is an

opportunistic thing, smugglers will

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go and recruit from wherever they

can. The fact it is Pakistani 's

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this time is not particularly

significant, Bangladesh 's number

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three in the running order, through

Libya, strange as it seems. --

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Bangladesh is number three. --

Pakistanis. It is a journey of

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exploitation, often they fall into

the hands of militia. These people

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hope and pray that they will get to

Europe and start a new life. A new

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El Dorado. A lot of this is driven

by greed by the smugglers but also

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inadvertently, social media

companies allow this to happen. Many

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lies are told on social media,

innocent enough would-be migrants

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believe what they read on social

media platforms. They are then

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helped to avoid the authorities must

to use encrypted messaging apps,

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like Viber, and much more needs to

be done to communicate the dangers

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of taking the bait and giving them

money. If you have a smartphone in

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your pocket, does not cost much, you

can see what looks like a glamorous

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life in another part of the world.

Put those together, huge demand for

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people to come to what they think is

a new life, but what really needs to

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happen is some kind of organised

economic growth in their own

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countries and better opportunities,

less corruption in the government,

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that kind of thing.

0:14:450:14:48

Morrice police are being deployed to

the French port city of Calais

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following clashes between groups of

migrants. Four Eritreas are in

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critical condition after being shot

by an Afghan man who was firing at a

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queue for food hand-outs, 800

migrants are living rough in Calais,

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according to estimates.

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The latest from there from Gavin

Lay.

This is the scene 24 was on,

0:15:100:15:15

from the violence yesterday, where

20 migrants were injured.

-- Gavin

0:15:150:15:19

Lee. What we know is that not far

from here, on the outskirts of

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Calais, close to the so-called

jungle camp, which has subsequently

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been demolished.

Five Eritrea and

men, between 16 and 18, teenagers,

0:15:280:15:35

shot, four still in hospital. --

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137-year-old Afghan suspect,

suspected people smuggler, still

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missing, the French interior

Minister came here to say they are

0:15:480:15:52

still looking for him, increased

police patrols, talking about this

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particular area, violence here, into

the evening, 22 injured including

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police officers. What is going on,

what has changed? Tonight it is a

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lot quieter, people are relatively

calm, one thing that migrants will

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not say on camera, off-camera they

say they have felt tension rising,

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issue about clusters of camps have

been growing since they have not

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been allowed to have the jungle

camp. Turf war, things have kicked

0:16:190:16:24

off between Afghans and Eritreans.

300 police officers hope to calm

0:16:240:16:31

down the situation. The manual off

said will be no return to the jungle

0:16:310:16:36

camp and in one month's time, you

migration plans from him. As you

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see, this place starts to grow by

the day, 700 to 800 people here now,

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according to charities, increasing

by 20 to 50 people everyday. Stay

0:16:460:16:51

with us.

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Coming up: unique insight into the

polar bear's struggle for survival,

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on Milton polar ice.

-- Arctic ice.

-- melting.

0:17:020:17:14

This is BBC World News Today.

0:18:140:18:16

The latest headlines:

0:18:160:18:20

The US Congress has released

a controversial Republican

0:18:200:18:22

memo alleging the FBI

abused its surveillance powers

0:18:220:18:24

during the election campaign.

0:18:240:18:26

The father of three sexual

abuse victims has lunged

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at the disgraced USA gymnastics team

doctor Larry Nassar during his final

0:18:280:18:31

sentencing hearing.

0:18:310:18:35

Scientists studying the decline

in the survival rates

0:18:370:18:39

of polar bears have observed them

expending more energy than they can

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consume as they hunt.

0:18:420:18:43

The researchers found that the bears

have a higher metabolic rate

0:18:430:18:46

than previously thought

and are unable to catch enough prey

0:18:460:18:48

to meet their energy needs.

0:18:480:18:49

Victoria Gill has more.

0:18:490:18:54

A polar bear's view of the Arctic.

0:18:560:18:58

These remarkable images

were captured cameras

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inside tracking collars that

scientists fitted to nine solitary

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female polar bears.

0:19:020:19:11

In a study carried out over three

seasons in the Arctic,

0:19:200:19:23

the researchers set out

to understand whether the animals

0:19:230:19:25

were getting enough to eat

during the critical spring thaw.

0:19:250:19:27

Satellite studies have shown that

Arctic sea ice is decreasing

0:19:270:19:30

at a rate of about 14% every decade.

0:19:300:19:32

And the bears need that ice to hunt

and to eat their main and most

0:19:320:19:35

calorie-rich prey - seals.

0:19:350:19:36

So as well as fitting

them with GPS tracking,

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camera-containing collars,

the researchers injected the bears

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with a metabolic tracer.

0:19:400:19:41

This revealed that wild bears

have a higher metabolic rate

0:19:410:19:44

than previously thought.

0:19:440:19:45

And that most of them were unable

to catch enough food

0:19:450:19:47

to meet their energy needs.

0:19:470:19:49

The scientists say that

this new technology,

0:19:490:19:50

following their every move

and their every meal,

0:19:500:19:52

reveals just how these predators'

survival will be affected

0:19:520:19:54

as their icy environment

transforms around them.

0:19:540:20:04

The Israeli Embassy in Warsaw

0:20:210:20:23

has warned of a wave of anti-Semitic

statements in Poland,

0:20:230:20:27

in the midst of a row

between the two countries

0:20:270:20:30

over a proposed Polish law related

to the Holocaust.

0:20:300:20:33

The legislation outlaws references

that imply that Poland was complicit

0:20:330:20:35

in crimes committed by Nazi Germany

during the Second World War.

0:20:350:20:38

Adam Easton reports from Warsaw.

0:20:380:20:45

Auschwitz, the concentration and

death camp that has come to

0:20:460:20:50

symbolise the Holocaust, 1 million

due is people were gassed here,

0:20:500:20:53

Polish, Rome and others were killed

here, it was designed, built and run

0:20:530:20:59

by the Nazis, in occupied Poland. --

Jewish people. The Polish government

0:20:590:21:02

wants everyone to remember that.

That is why it has passed

0:21:020:21:06

legislation that introduces prison

sentences for people who accuse

0:21:060:21:11

Poland of coresponsibility for not

see crimes. Israel has reacted

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furiously, accusing Poland of

denying historical truth. -- Nazi

0:21:180:21:20

crimes. The International Council at

the Auschwitz museum is worried the

0:21:200:21:25

bill will hinder Holocaust research.

There is ample evidence that some

0:21:250:21:30

Polish blackmailed and even murdered

Jewish neighbours during the war.

0:21:300:21:34

Other Polish acted heroically,

risking their lives to hide Jewish

0:21:340:21:39

from the Nazis. The Polish Prime

Minister took journalists to a

0:21:390:21:44

museum, commemorating one such

family.

We will not allow anybody to

0:21:440:21:50

tell us this, we cannot allow that

this is a phrase, Polish death camp,

0:21:500:21:57

we cannot allow that phrase to come

about, because this is an affront to

0:21:570:22:02

all the victims cruelly killed by

Nazi Germans.

Tensions between

0:22:020:22:10

Poland and Israel are rising, the

president of Poland now has to

0:22:100:22:15

decide whether to sign the bill into

law. TRANSLATION:

I feel sorry for

0:22:150:22:22

the Polish and it hurts me that I

need to dig out these memories, to

0:22:220:22:25

put them on the table again. I am

still hoping, since the new bill

0:22:250:22:30

still needs the Polish President's

consent, that he will delay its.

Row

0:22:300:22:36

has caused a row in anti-Semitic

incidents in Poland, the Israelis

0:22:360:22:43

embassy in Warsaw says it has been

the target of a wave of abuse, and

0:22:430:22:46

the head of the city's Jewish

community has told the BBC it is

0:22:460:22:51

also witnessed similar incidents.

0:22:510:22:54

Cameron Norrie has produced a

remarkable comeback to level Great

0:22:590:23:03

Britain's Davis Cup world group

first round tie against Spain in

0:23:030:23:07

Madaya, there is no Andy Murray or

Kyle Edmund. -- Marbella. The top

0:23:070:23:13

two are not available to this. Liam

Broady lost the first match of the

0:23:130:23:18

Day, Cameron Norrie was two sets

down against Roberto Bautista Agut

0:23:180:23:23

but Giraldo brilliantly to win the

next three sets and square the time

0:23:230:23:27

against a man ranked 91 places above

him in the world. Roberto Bautista

0:23:270:23:33

Agut did seem to struggle with a leg

injury in the second half of the

0:23:330:23:36

match. Temperatures in Minnesota

ahead of the Super Bowl have been as

0:23:360:23:41

low as -20 degrees, luckily, the

roof will be closed on Sunday at the

0:23:410:23:46

US bank Stadium, so it will be

considerably warm inside. Caroline

0:23:460:23:51

Barker is in Minneapolis.

0:23:510:23:55

Anybody would think it is cold, it

is, you can probably tell not just

0:23:560:24:00

by my breath but that they have

built a ski ramp in the middle of

0:24:000:24:04

the street! That is the kind of

thing that happens when Super Bowl

0:24:040:24:07

rolls into town, Super Bowl LII,

just a few miles from here, will

0:24:070:24:11

kick off as the Patriots take on the

eagles, it will be on record the

0:24:110:24:16

coldest Super Bowl Sunday.

Temperatures down to -25, will not

0:24:160:24:21

affect the players or fans or us,

fingers crossed, we will be inside.

0:24:210:24:26

Good job they do every build the

stadium, the roof collapsed because

0:24:260:24:30

of the weight of snow at the old one

but no such problems come Super Bowl

0:24:300:24:34

Sunday. The game itself, what do you

need to know, perhaps the

0:24:340:24:38

Philadelphia Eagles are the

underdogs, don't mention their name

0:24:380:24:41

to often around here, because the

Minnesota Vikings would get to the

0:24:410:24:44

Super Bowl. New England, the dream

is to do it again, they have done it

0:24:440:24:50

before, superstar quarterback, Tom

Brady, going for a record sixth

0:24:500:24:54

Super Bowl win, six Super Bowls for

his team. They have the edge and the

0:24:540:24:59

advantage but the Philadelphia

Eagles have come back from

0:24:590:25:02

adversity, way back in December they

lost their quarterback, brought in a

0:25:020:25:05

new guide, bit of a wobble, now

doing the team justice. That is

0:25:050:25:08

about all you need to know apart

from it is so-called, apparently, 20

0:25:080:25:13

minutes is all you need to get

frostbite! Perhaps maybe with my

0:25:130:25:18

fingers are still intact I will

leave it at that! We will see you at

0:25:180:25:21

Super Bowl game days.

That is all

the sport, we will see you later on.

0:25:210:25:28

That is all for -- that is all from

me for now, thank you for watching.

0:25:340:25:43

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