04/02/2018 World News Today


04/02/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

And it's cold outside

but the Patriots and Eagles will be

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inside in Minneapolis as they battle

it out in the 52nd Super Bowl.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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Another development

in the diplomatic thaw between North

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and South Korea over

the Winter Olympics -

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the North is to send its highest

ranking official for years

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to the South to the Games.

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Here he is - Kim Yong-nam,

the ceremonial head

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of state, will lead a 22-member

delegation to the South

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beginning on Friday.

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It comes as the two nations put

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on an unprecedented show

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of sporting collaboration today,

fielding a joint women's

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ice hockey team.

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It played an international

friendly against Sweden.

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The BBC's Laura Bicker reports.

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Fierce and determined,

the Korean players head

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onto the rink to prove

they are not just pawns in a

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political drama or an experiment

in sports diplomacy.

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They fight hard against

high-ranking Sweden.

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Willed on by a crowd

eager to witness a

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piece of history and waving

the flag of a unified Korea.

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TRANSLATION:

I was so

touched, I feel so good

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because I felt the passion

of the players and it felt

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like we were one together.

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But this team's formation

has been controversial.

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The South Korean hockey

coach has had to tell

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players she has worked with for

years that they have lost their spot

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to make way for North Koreans,

such as this player.

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We are not allowed to ask

the North Koreans any

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questions at the press conference,

but the South Korean coach was frank

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when I asked her

about the challenges.

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TRANSLATION:

Any players that have

not been with us for the

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last four years, learning our

systems and understanding how our

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team plays, it is difficult.

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North Korean is different to

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South Korean so for our team

meetings it is going

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through to English,

to

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South Korean, to North Korean,

so the meetings take three times as

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long.

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The event feels like a celebration

but playing as one team

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under one flag has not been welcomed

by the younger generation in South

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Korea.

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To them, unifying the two countries

is a very distant goal.

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The North Korean

players will not stay

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with their team-mates

at the

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athletes' village, they will be kept

in separate accommodation and

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watched over by minders.

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As the Olympics draw

ever closer, language

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is not the only barrier

this team faces.

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Laura Bicker, BBC News, Seoul.

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The pressure is continuing to grow

on South Africa's President

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Jacob Zuma to step down.

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The top six officials

from the country's governing ANC

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have arrived at his official

residence in Pretoria -

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to discuss his future.

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Mr Zuma is facing allegations

of corruption and whether he can

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complete his term as president

is looking increasingly uncertain.

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Here's the BBC's Andrew

Harding in Johannesburg.

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He is swamped by scandal. South

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Africa's

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He is swamped by scandal. South

Africa's President Jacob sooner has

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already been found guilty of

breaking his oath of office -- Jacob

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Zuma and he has refurbished his home

at taxpayer expense. More recently

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his controversial developments with

the business family the Guptill is

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as cause controversy. During the

Jacob Zuma presidency, South Africa

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has floundered, unemployment is

soaring, amid a sense that senior

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officials could get away with

anything. But in December, Jacob

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Zuma and his allies lost control of

the governing ANC and the new man,

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Cyril Ramaphosa, promising to end

impunity.

Everyone agrees that our

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state was captured by people who

purported to be close to the

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president, who have been doing

really bad things in getting into

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all and many state institutions.

And

suddenly there is real change in the

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air here. Prosecutors seizing this

State farm in connection with

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alleged fraud by the Guptill family

and officials, and the courts

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pursuing corruption charges against

President Zuma himself.

I think

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these are important moments in South

African politics. In all likelihood

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we will see arrests and big people

being caught up in this because we

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are seeing that the wheel is turning

and momentum is developing and I

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don't think that there is any

turning back.

Fonau, Jacob Zuma is

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clinging to his job, but his allies

are discerning -- deserting him and

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to night party leaders are meeting

to discuss his removal. In places

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like Zimbabwe and tenure we have

seen this sort of situation turn

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ugly and dangerous -- and Kenya. But

South Africa is a robust democracy

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and whether he is pushed or jumps,

President Zuma will soon be out of

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power and, most likely, in court on

corruption charges. It is a moment

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of drama and optimism for a country

poised to exit the troubled

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President Zuma era.

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Two people have died in a crash

between a freight train

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and an Amtrak passenger train

in South Carolina.

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Early indications suggest the Amtrak

train was on the wrong track.

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It's the third deadly crash

involving the national

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carrier in just seven weeks.

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It is a horrible thing to see, to

understand the force involved. Two

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trains, that is about as forceful as

you can get. The engine of the first

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engine of the freight train was torn

up and the engine of the passenger

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train which was headed south was

barely recognisable. It is quite a

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crash.

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David Willis has been following

the story from Washington.

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Those figures, 139 passengers on

board, and eight crew, we know that

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the two people who died in the

incident were both Amtrak employees.

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This passenger train colliding with

a stationary freight train south of

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Colombia, which is the capital of

South Carolina, just after 2am local

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time, and the speed given the

passenger train at the time of the

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collision was 59 mph. 116

passengers, they say, were

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transported to local hospitals, many

of them with minor injuries, but

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some broken bones but officials from

the National Transportation Safety

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Board are on their way to the scene,

as is normal, and that is the

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federal agency which investigates

these incidents and they will look

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into it. Meanwhile the governor of

South Carolina has said that it does

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appear that the Amtrak train, the

passenger train, was on the wrong

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track at the time of the collision.

You mentioned it was the third

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serious rail accident in America in

as many months. What sort of debate

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is there over rail safety there?

I

think this will prompt a renewed

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debate about rail safety here, not

least because the South Carolina

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Governor has prompted one, saying

perhaps this is the time to have

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such a debate, and in actual fact,

it's worth noting that Congress has

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not passed a long-term funding bill

for Amtrak since 2008 and has relied

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relief -- repeatedly on short-term

extensions of existing funding

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levels. And, indeed, the Trump

administration proposed cutting by

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13% the allocation of funds for

Amtrak. President Trump has now come

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up with this very big infrastructure

plan, $1 trillion in total but it is

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not clear how much, if any of it,

will be earmarked for improving the

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railroads, the safety of the

railroads and so on, so the debate

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is filling out.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

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Hundreds of thousands of Greeks

have protested in Athens

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against the former Yugoslav republic

to the north using

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the name Macedonia.

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The latest talks on the long-running

dispute are underway

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at the United Nations.

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Greece objects because it has

a region called Macedonia,

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and argues the use by its neighbour

implies it has claims

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over the province.

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Re-election has been won in the

second term in the presidential

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elections in Cyprus. The

Conservative incumbent got 55% of

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the vote and has promised to restart

his talks with Turkish Cypriots who

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govern the north of the island.

Police in fraud have arrested a man

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who is alleged to have made threats

to kidnap the singer Lana Del Rey.

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Michael Hunt faces charges of

aggravated stalking with a credible

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threat and an attempted kidnapping

with a weapon. The UK Home Secretary

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has played down government internal

divisions over Brexit at the start

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of a crucial week in negotiations.

Amber Rudd said the Cabinet was more

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divided than people thought. Michel

Barnier will be in London shortly

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for talks and the UK Brexit

committee will meet later this week

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seeking agreement on the way

forward. Eleanor Garnier reports.

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I have a surprise for the

Brexiteers. The committee is more

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united than they think. We meet in

the committee, privately for

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discussions, and I think we will

arrive at something which suits us

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all.

Exactly how we trade with the

EU after Brexit is the source of

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division in the Tories. Some want

complete disentanglement from

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Brussels but others hope to stay as

close to the EU as possible. The

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Home Secretary believes that the

government priorities are clear. We

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want fiction -- frictionless trade

at the border and make sure there is

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no border on the island of Ireland

and we want to make sure we can do

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trade deals outside the European

Union.

That is the deal we are

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looking for.

It is clear to all in

the Conservative Party how difficult

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it will be to get everyone on side.

There are inherent tensions in

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Brexit because different people take

different views. It's not just in

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the Conservative or Labour Party,

it's across the country and we need

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a team effort, loud and clear.

So

far the Prime Minister has prevented

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the decade-old split in the

Conservative Party over Europe from

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spilling out into something more

serious, something which could spell

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a crisis for her government. But

with crucial ministerial meetings --

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meetings this week to pin down and

agreed position on the future

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relationship with the EU, Theresa

May will finally have to pick a

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path, and whichever she chooses, she

risks making a large swathe of her

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party unhappy. It is not just a

battle at home, winning in Brussels

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is also key, and with more

negotiations with the EU this week,

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the next few days could be pivotal

for the Prime Minister.

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China is accusing the United States

of exaggerating Beijing's

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nuclear strength,

saying America needs

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to ditch what it calls

a "Cold War mentality".

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The statement comes after Washington

unveiled a new nuclear policy,

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which included plans

to diversify its nuclear

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armoury with smaller bombs.

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The policy also highlighted concerns

about Russia and North Korea.

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The Chinese defence ministry

said the US had engaged

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in presumptuous speculation

about Beijing's intentions.

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With me is Elizabeth Minor

an advisor at Article 36,

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a member of the International

Campaign to Abolish

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Nuclear Weapons.

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What is your reaction to what the US

has announced with its policy

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change?

As you were saying, China is

saying that this represents a Cold

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War mentality we think the risk from

nuclear weapons never went away

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since the Cold War so this policy

represents a kind of reckless

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development on what was already a

dangerous status quo.

You think it

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rejuvenates the of having nuclear

weapons rather than rejuvenating it?

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The nuclear weapons they think

should be more usable and they

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should be more willing and able to

use them and there is a proposal

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that low yield nuclear weapons

should be more available but the low

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yield weapons they are talking about

are similar size to the bombs

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dropped on Hiroshima in Nagasaki to

such horrific effect in 1945. We

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think that any policy that makes

these more usable is poor.

The US is

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talking about the deterrent factor,

it is saying that countries like

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Russia see the bombs that the US

have as too big to be used so they

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are not, in effect, a deterrent.

The

mentality that needs addressing is

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that some states see nuclear weapons

as a legitimate tool of statecraft,

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including the Trump doctrine that

came out, but also states like China

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and Britain and the majority of the

world countries are already

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challenging this through a new

treaty on the prohibition of nuclear

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weapons that was in the UN and

adopted, so only through these kind

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of routes can we create conditions

for multilateral disarmament to be

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possible.

Is this the right time to

be thinking about disarmament when

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we see nuclear -- North Korea

becomes close to being a nuclear

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power? Why should the world scale

back at a critical time?

As your

0:14:160:14:21

viewers know very well there has

been dangerous escalation in the

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region over the past year and new

policies like the Trump nuclear

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doctrine, we do not see how these

can dampen that down in the short

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term but we are talking about

long-term solutions to set the stage

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for addressing the danger of nuclear

weapons.

In a sense, do the powers

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that have nuclear weapons have a

chance when you see what a country

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like North Korea is doing?

What we

need to do is create a global

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environment in which the weapons are

not seen as legitimate any more.

Can

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you do that with North Korea?

If you

look at the other weapons of mass

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destruction, thereafter you

countries who would argue today that

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it would be legitimate to have

arsenals of them. It might surprise

0:15:030:15:07

people to know that the Margaret

Thatcher Cabinet was looking at

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asking Nato to adopt a chemical

deterrent which would not be seen as

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right now. We have to do the same

nuclear weapons which affects all

0:15:140:15:18

states and this is why the treaty is

important, not just to address the

0:15:180:15:22

short-term situation, but longer

term to make the world safe from

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these weapons.

Elizabeth, thank you

for coming in.

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Stay with us on BBC

World News, still to come.

0:15:350:15:37

We'll have the latest on today's

vital Premier League clash

0:15:370:15:40

between Liverpool and Spurs -

along with all the rest

0:15:400:15:42

of the day's sport.

0:15:420:15:43

This is the moment is that millions

in Iran have been waiting for. After

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his long years in ex-aisle, the

first steps of President Khmeni on

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Iranians soil.

The ban on the

African National Congress is lifted

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immediately and the ANC leader,

Nelson Mandela, after 27 years in

0:16:120:16:16

jail is to be set free

unconditionally.

The aircraft is

0:16:160:16:22

returning from Belgrade where

Manchester United had entered the

0:16:220:16:25

semifinal of the European cup.

Two

Americans have become the first

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humans to walk in space without any

lifeline to their spaceship. One of

0:16:280:16:33

them called it a piece of cake.

Thousands of people have given Ellen

0:16:330:16:38

MacArthur is a spectacular

homecoming in the Cornish port of

0:16:380:16:42

Falmouth after she smashed the world

record for sailing solo around the

0:16:420:16:45

world nonstop.

0:16:450:16:50

This is BBC World News Today.

0:16:510:16:53

The latest headlines.

0:16:530:16:56

A unified North and South Korean ice

hockey team plays its first match

0:16:560:17:02

ahead of the Winter Olympics,

losing to Sweden.

0:17:020:17:06

South Africa's president Jacob Zuma

comes under further pressure as top

0:17:060:17:09

ANC officials try to persuade him

to stand down.

0:17:090:17:11

Let's get a sports update

now from Gavin Ramjauin

0:17:250:17:27

at the BBC Sport Centre.

0:17:270:17:33

Let's start with the Premier League.

0:17:330:17:34

Because there was a sensational

finish to the match between

0:17:340:17:36

Liverpool and Tottenham at Anfield.

0:17:360:17:38

Spurs scored a penalty

with virtually the last kick

0:17:380:17:40

of the match to earn a point.

0:17:400:17:41

Harry Kane scored it to notch his

100th Premier League goal.

0:17:410:17:44

Earlier Mohammed Salah had given

Liverpool the lead ,

0:17:440:17:49

before a fantastic Victor Wanyama

strike pulled it back to 1-1.

0:17:490:17:52

Kane then missed a penalty -

which would have put Spurs ahead..

0:17:520:17:57

Salah then put Liverpool in front -

in stoppage time,

0:17:570:17:59

before Spurs were then awarded

a controversial penalty

0:17:590:18:01

which Kane converted..

0:18:010:18:04

I don't understand both of them.

They were both clearly offside. He

0:18:040:18:08

was clearly offside, and from our

position that he was offside but it

0:18:080:18:14

seems it was not McLear. The second

penalty, the referee and the

0:18:140:18:20

assistant say afterwards that there

is a torch, a little such, but we

0:18:200:18:25

all know he wants that touch and he

wants to go down. -- a little touch.

0:18:250:18:38

Earlier on Sunday, Crystal Palace

drew 1-1 with Newcastle.

0:18:380:18:41

Mohamed Diame gave the Magpies

the lead midway through the first

0:18:410:18:46

half, but Luka Milivojevic

levelled from the penalty

0:18:460:18:48

spot in the 55th minute.

0:18:480:18:49

Rafa Benitez's side are only one

point above the relegation zone.

0:18:490:18:52

Barcelona salavaged a draw

against Espanyol in La Liga.

0:18:520:18:54

Gerard Moreno had put the home side

ahead in the second half

0:18:540:18:58

and Espanyol looked to be heading

for a big win over

0:18:580:19:00

their city rivals.

0:19:000:19:01

But Gerard Pique rescued a point

for the League leaders, with seven

0:19:010:19:04

minutes of normal time left.

0:19:040:19:07

It means Barcelona, at the time,

extended their lead to 12 points.

0:19:070:19:12

Elsewhere in La Liga,

Girona beat Athletic Bilbao 2-0.

0:19:120:19:14

Christian Stuani with both goals.

0:19:150:19:16

And in the game clash

between high flyers

0:19:160:19:24

Atletico Madrid, and

Valencia the score is 1-0.

0:19:240:19:26

Both will stay second

and third respectively.

0:19:260:19:33

Gonzalo Higuain scored a hattrick

0:19:330:19:36

as Juventus thrashed Sassuolo 7-0

at the Allianz Stadium

0:19:360:19:40

Alex Sandro got the hosts

going with a goal in the opening 10

0:19:400:19:44

minutes of the game,

that was followed by two in three

0:19:440:19:51

minutes from Sami Khedira.

0:19:510:19:52

Another from Miralem

Pjanic saw them 4-0 up

0:19:520:19:56

at half time

0:19:560:20:01

with Higuain scoring

a hattrick in just 20

0:20:010:20:03

minutes after the break .

0:20:030:20:05

Napoli hoping to move

back above Juventus,

0:20:050:20:07

at the top with a win.

0:20:070:20:08

Defending Six Nations champions

England have got their 2018 campaign

0:20:080:20:11

off to a winning start.

0:20:110:20:12

They've beaten Italy 46-15 in Rome.

0:20:120:20:15

England only had a seven point

advantage at half time,

0:20:150:20:17

but their power shone

through in the second half.

0:20:170:20:20

They ran in seven tries in total.

0:20:200:20:22

Anthony Watson and debutant

Sam Simmonds each scored two tries.

0:20:220:20:30

Very good, very positive and the

first game is always difficult.

0:20:300:20:35

Italy are always traditionally a

difficult opponent and they played

0:20:350:20:38

very well today. Well coached by

their coach and may have good young

0:20:380:20:42

players coming through. To have the

bonus point and then go on and win

0:20:420:20:49

by a substantial score was positive

for us.

0:20:490:20:54

It hardly seems credible that

Petra Kvitova is back

0:20:540:20:58

winning WTA titles.

0:20:580:20:59

Just over 13 months after suffering

terrible injuries to her left hand,

0:20:590:21:02

trying to defend herself

against an intruder

0:21:020:21:04

in her own home.

0:21:040:21:07

Well, Kvitova entered

the St Petersburg Open

0:21:070:21:09

in Russia, as a wildcard

but needed just 65 minutes

0:21:090:21:11

to see off Kristina

Mladenovic in the final.

0:21:110:21:13

She certainly seems to have put

a disappointing first round exit

0:21:130:21:16

at the Australian Open behind her,

and is now up to 21

0:21:160:21:19

in the world rankings.

0:21:190:21:20

And that's all the sport for now.

0:21:200:21:25

Let's stay with sport because Sunday

is the biggest night

0:21:250:21:27

in the American football calendar.

0:21:270:21:29

But fans heading to the 52nd

Super Bowl in Minneapolis

0:21:290:21:32

will be wrapping up warm.

0:21:320:21:42

It's expected to be a bone-chilling

-16 degrees Celsius

0:21:440:21:46

as the New England Patriots take

on the Philadelphia Eagles.

0:21:460:21:48

The game is indoors,

but officials are still a warning

0:21:480:21:51

those attending to rug up.

0:21:510:21:52

And the weather might not be

the only record set on Sunday.

0:21:520:21:55

On the field the Patriots will be

looking for a sixth Super Bowl title

0:21:550:22:01

which would give Tom Brady more

Super Bowl rings than anybody else

0:22:010:22:05

and making the author -- oldest

quarterback in history to win the

0:22:050:22:08

trophy.

0:22:080:22:12

Another incredible season for them.

A lot of people thought they would

0:22:120:22:15

not make it but they keep finding a

way to do it. The combination of

0:22:150:22:19

Bill Belichick can Tom Brady for

over the last 15 years has been

0:22:190:22:23

phenomenal and this year has been no

different. New England is New

0:22:230:22:27

England but Philadelphia was also

the number one seed may have been

0:22:270:22:29

through a bunch of obstacles to get

to they are. There was the

0:22:290:22:34

frontrunner to be the MVP in the

league, and pay him to get injured

0:22:340:22:38

and Philadelphia to keep Honor Roll

shows that they have good coaching

0:22:380:22:42

and players and it shows the

character of their football team.

0:22:420:22:50

Darkest hour has been nominated for

six BAFTAs. The make-up team that

0:22:500:22:55

transformed Gary Oldman into the

Prime Minister is hoping to win an

0:22:550:22:58

Academy award.

0:22:580:23:09

Brennan Nicholls has been

to meet one of them.

0:23:090:23:11

You cannot reason with the tiger

when your head is in its mouth.

0:23:110:23:15

Gary Oldman's performance

in Darkest Hour has already

0:23:150:23:16

earned him many accolades

and critical acclaim.

0:23:160:23:18

Turning him, though,

into Britain's wartime

0:23:180:23:20

Prime Minister has been hailed

as a masterpiece of make-up.

0:23:200:23:22

Gary would come into the bus,

we would shave his head,

0:23:220:23:25

apply the make-up, takes just over

three hours to apply

0:23:250:23:27

the make-up and the wig,

plus including getting into his fat

0:23:270:23:30

suit and costume, close to four

hours for the entire thing.

0:23:300:23:32

He would then go to set for ten,

12 hours a day filming and we need

0:23:320:23:36

to be there the whole time

to maintain his make-up

0:23:360:23:39

throughout that.

0:23:390:23:40

He would then have his make-up

removed which takes an hour.

0:23:400:23:42

And then, once he goes, Lucy

and I stay for another hour or two.

0:23:420:23:46

Gary Oldman convinced Kazuhiro Tsuji

to come out of retirement to design

0:23:460:23:48

the Churchill make-up.

0:23:490:23:50

He had just been working

with David on another movie,

0:23:500:23:52

it was Oldman who asked him to be

onset applying it alongside

0:23:520:23:55

colleague Lucy Sibbick and it's

the three of them that have been

0:23:550:23:58

nominated for the Oscar.

0:23:580:23:59

Extremely proud.

0:24:000:24:01

The best job I have done so far

to date and I am just so pleased

0:24:010:24:05

it is getting the recognition it

deserves because of the amount

0:24:050:24:08

of effort myself, Kazuhiro

and Lucy have put into it

0:24:080:24:10

and the people behind-the-scenes,

such a big team involved.

0:24:100:24:14

We are getting the credit

and our names are on the award,

0:24:140:24:17

but the amount of people in

the workshops involved is amazing.

0:24:170:24:23

We are to receive our reward.

0:24:230:24:26

The 39-year-old make-up

artist has a CV full

0:24:260:24:28

of blockbusters to his name,

but this is his first-ever

0:24:280:24:30

Oscar nomination.

0:24:300:24:35

But look at the texture

here, the colour.

0:24:350:24:42

Spending a bit more time prepping,

that is why the day was so long,

0:24:420:24:46

I wanted to make sure

I painted all of it perfectly

0:24:460:24:48

so that they match every day.

0:24:480:24:53

David flies out to Los Angeles

for the Oscar nomination

0:24:530:24:55

lunch this weekend.

0:24:550:24:56

Then back for the Baftas,

before heading off to LA again

0:24:560:24:59

for the Oscars themselves on the 4th

of March

0:24:590:25:01

for what could be his finest hour.

0:25:010:25:11

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