09/02/2018 World News Today


09/02/2018

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This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Kasia Madera.

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Our top stories:

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North and South Korean competitors

march together in the opening

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ceremony for the Olympic Games.

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But the harmony among

the athletes was not always

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matched in the stands,

where the US Vice-President snubbed

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the North Korean delegation.

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Relatives of the victims of two

members of an Islamic State

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execution cell, demand

that they face trial.

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The pair were captured

by Syrian Kurdish forces.

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If it goes to trial, I will

certainly be there. I certainly want

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to look them in the eye and let them

know I am who I am and they have

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destroyed a big part of my life.

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Uber agrees to pay Waymo

245 million dollars in stock,

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to settle accusations it

stole trade secrets.

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The EU's chief negotiator

warns the UK to face up

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to the potential consequences

of Brexit for Northern Ireland.

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Eight UK decision to leave the

single market and leave the customs

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union would make border shakes

unavoidable.

And Paris the Eiffel

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Tower for the second time this week

as another blanket of snow covers

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French capital.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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Athletes from North and South Korea

have marched together

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at the opening ceremony

of the Winter Olympics

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in PyeongChang.

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Cheered on by spectators, they

paraded behind the blue-and-white

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Korean unification flag.

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Some athletes held up their phones.

Some almost danced along the route.

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With the latest from PyeongChang,

here's the BBC's Stephen McDonell.

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With the opening ceremony, comes

the start of the Winter Olympics.

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After years of

preparation, this South

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Korean mountain community has become

the centre of the world, at least

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for the few weeks.

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Freezing temperatures

and icy winds are

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thought to have made this

the coldest games yet, but the

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spectators who have flooded

into the town don't

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seem overly concerned.

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Just hours before the opening

ceremony was due to start, 45

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Russian athletes and two coaches

who had been banned for doping lost

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their appeal to participate.

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Those Russians who are

allowed to compete

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here will do so under

the Olympic flag, and

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following any medals,

the

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Olympic theme will be played.

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But the real attention

here has been on

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engagement between North

and South Koreans.

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The joint women's hockey team

will play tomorrow against

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Switzerland.

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In front of a packed arena.

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And yet, it is the political

engagement which has upstaged

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everything else.

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The North Korean leader's sister,

Kim Yo Jong, appears to have

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stolen the show, as the first member

of her country's ruling dynasty to

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have travelled to the South since

the end of Korean War hostilities.

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Her every move is getting

wall-to-wall coverage.

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She will dine with the South Korean

president, Moon Jae-in, tomorrow.

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Something which seemed

impossible just weeks ago.

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However, the United States

Vice President has

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cautioned Seoul not to overly

reward PyeongChang.

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Mike Pence invited Warmbier,

whose son died, after being held in

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North Korean custody along

with him to PyeongChang.

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And this will be one

of the images of these Games.

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The US Vice President

and Kim Jong Un's sister

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row apart in the stadium.

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These Games are shaping up to be

nothing short of historic, and

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they've barely begun.

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Steven McDonald, BBC News

at the PyeongChang Olympics.

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They are called the "the

Winter Games," but there

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has still been a lot

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of conversation about just how cold

it's going to be in PyeongChang.

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The BBC's World Service Sports

Editor Ben Sutherland tells

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us what to watch out

for when temperatures dip to almost

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minus 20 Celsius.

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There have been concerns

about how it might

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affect the Games.

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It makes the snow very

difficult for skiers, for

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example, and it messes

with the bottom of the skis.

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It is going to make the down

slope runs or things

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like luge and bobsleigh,

it's going to make them

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grippier, so it will be...

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They will be less fast basically.

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But, yeah, from tomorrow

we will start to see for the first

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time this combined

Korean female hockey

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team, ice hockey team,

and

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they will be playing

against Switzerland.

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Lots of excitement around them

in the build up to the Games.

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They did have a practice match

against Sweden, which they

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lost 3-1, but there is

so much interest on them,

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particularly they have been

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trying to get together

and integrate.

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It's incredibly interesting,

actually, because there

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is a real language barrier,

because with South Korea,

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a lot of the words they use

when they are playing

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are words they have

imported from English.

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For example, the word to pass,

they just shout "Pass", but in

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North Korea, they don't

have any of those words.

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They just use Korean words,

so the coach, who is

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Canadian, has had to come up

with a sort of English to Korean,

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to North Korean dialect in order

that they

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actually know what each other

is going to be doing on the ice.

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Ben Sutherland reporting there.

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Uber has settled

its courtroom battle

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with self-driving car unit Waymo.

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The legal dispute was over stolen

trade secrets relating

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to self-driving technology.

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As part of the settlement,

Uber has agreed to pay Waymo 0.34

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As part of the settlement,

Uber has agreed to pay Waymo 0.34%

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of its equity stake -

which works out to about

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$245 million.

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The BBC's North America

technology reporter Dave Lee joins

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us now live from San Francisco.

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It is an eye watering amount of

money, but if they had not settled,

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it could potentially have been much

more.

It could. We were talking in

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the region of more than $1 million

if all of these trade secrets had

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been stolen, if the jury ruled that.

It is the crucial point that using

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them was what Waymo was trying to

prove over the course of the trial.

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There were a suggestion that the

reason the two companies came to

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this is because it is mutually

beneficial. On EgyptAir's side, they

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can move on and not have to worry

about this case going on and hearing

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any more dirty laundry and on

Waymo's side they get an increased

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stake in Uber. They can keep an high

on what Uber is doing in self

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driving technology, which has really

been there more long. This is about

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making sure, for Waymo that they

stay ahead in the race to bring self

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driving cars and a self driving

fleet of taxis to our roads. That's

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what they were trying to do from the

outset, slow down the progress of

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Broad by accusing them of getting an

unfair advantage by stealing these

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trade secrets. -- progress of Broad.

I don't think these trade secrets

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were used, but a settlement like

this has benefits for both parties.

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-- Uber. Not like what impact has it

had on both businesses? For Uber it

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has been a distraction. He wrote a

letter to his employers and said he

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regrets what happens although he was

not at the company at the time and

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he apologised to staff for the big

distraction this caused, the people

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working on that self driving team

have essentially had to put down

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their tools because of this case and

only now can they start working on

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it again. I think the immediate

impact in that case will be that

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Uber can begin its work in self

driving again. Looking ahead, many

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people predict that Royal Bank of

Scotland will become a public

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company perhaps in 2019. -- Uber

will become a public company. They

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have managed to put this behind

them, and the idea that they could

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go public in 2019 becomes a lot more

likely than it was before.

Andy

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Burnham at as always for bringing us

up to date.

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President Trump has called

the departure of a former

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White House aide accused of domestic

violence "very sad" -

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and has wished him well.

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Staff secretary Rob Porter resigned

following allegations

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that he physically abused

his two ex-wives.

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One ex-wife claims he gave her

a black eye, while another says

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she had to file a restraining order.

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Mr Porter denies the allegations.

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Here's what the President

said a little earlier.

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He did a very good job when he was

in the White House and we hope he

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has a wonderful career,

and hopefully he will have a great

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career ahead of him,

but it was very sad

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when we heard about it,

and

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certainly the is also very sad now.

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He also, as you probably

know, he says he is

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innocent, and I think

you

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have to remember that.

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He said very strongly

yesterday that he is

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innocent, so you will have to talk

to him about that, but we absolutely

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wish him well.

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He did a very good job

when he was at the White House.

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I'm now joined by Barbara Plett

Usher in Washington.

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Before we talk about what Donald

Trump said, remind us of the

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background to this case.

It started

with media report earlier this week

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that said that this White House aide

Robert Porter had abused his two

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ex-wives and the weight has defended

him at that point, but then it

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photographed was published showing

one of those ex-wives with a black

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eye and so the narrative changed and

the White House said it was taking

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action against him and he resigned.

The whole question of what the White

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House knew exactly and when its new

continues to bubble up, because the

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timeline keeps changing,

particularly the role of the chief

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of staff and communications director

who is said to be dating Mr Porter.

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These are two people who are

supposed to bring order to the White

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House and now they are embroiled in

this controversy.

We had the

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president say this is very sad,

adding that he wishes him well. Is

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he supporting and

it certainly

sounds that way. It sounds like he

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is continuing to defend him, wishing

him well, rather than taking the

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opportunity to stake a stand against

domestic violence, he says a member

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that Mr Porter says he is innocent.

This is a pattern we have seen

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before when certain people within

his orbit are accused of behaviour

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rather than condemning the beaver,

he suggests that there might be two

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sides to the story. I think there's

approach is told death. He is the

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top law enforcement officer in the

country and he is not calling out

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domestic violence, also giving the

current environment with the

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campaign against sexual harassment

and abuse which is in the country at

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the moment.

Thank you very much.

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Let's take a look

at some of the other

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stories making the news:

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President Trump has signed

a new spending bill into law, ending

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a brief US government shutdown.

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Congress passed the legislation

after a midnight

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deadline was missed.

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Fiscal conservatives

had opposed the bill,

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which included billions of dollars

in deficit increase.

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Indian regulators

have fined Google more

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than $21 million for

abusing its dominant

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market position.

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India's Competition Commission said

the search giant was indulging

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in practices of search bias -

thereby harming its competitors

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as well as users.

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Researchers

at Edinburgh University have grown

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human eggs in the laboratory

for the first time.

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They say the breakthrough

is an opportunity to explore

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how human eggs develop,

much of which remains

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a mystery to science.

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The hope is these findings

could lead to new ways

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of preserving women's fertility.

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The families of some

of the victims of two

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British jihadists belonging

to the Islamic State group

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and captured in Syria,

have called for them to face

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justice in court.

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Alexanda Kotey and El Shafee El

Sheikh were part of a team of four

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British IS members whose British

accents earned them

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the nickname "the Beatles."

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US officials say the group are

accused of executing 27 hostages.

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Our Home Affairs Correspondent

Daniel Sandford has more.

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They became the most infamous

gang of foreign fighters

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in the self-styled Islamic State,

callous torturers and public

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executioners of hostages.

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Jihadi John, his real name

Mohammed Emwazi, now dead.

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Aine Davis, in prison in Turkey.

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And the two men captured last

month, Alexanda Kotey

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and El Shafee Elsheikh.

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The two were detained

by American-backed

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Syrian Kurd fighters.

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Kotey, the Kurds said today,

was trying to escape into Turkey.

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The gang are suspected

of beheading Alan Henning,

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the driver and aid worker

from Eccles, and David Haines,

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seen here in Croatia,

a former RAF engineer and long-time

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aid worker from Perth.

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This morning, his daughter, Bethany,

was finally contemplating

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what punishment two of his suspected

killers should face.

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They should die a long,

slow, painful death.

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And I think quite a lot of people

will understand that,

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that they shouldn't

be allowed to live.

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But realistically, that's

not going to happen.

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And I have to come

to terms with that.

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And the best thing for them is to be

locked up and throw away the key.

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They should never be

allowed back in society,

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because they will just recruit

people and they will

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just do this again.

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And for the sake of her father,

if they end up in court,

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she will go to watch.

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If it goes to trial,

I will certainly be there,

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I will certainly want to look them

in the eye and let them

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know that I am who I am,

and they have destroyed a big part

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of my life.

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And hopefully there will be

some sort of justice.

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Some of the gang's hostages

were freed, including

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former French reporter,

Nicolas Henin.

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He wants them to have

the fairest trial possible.

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I would not be happy

if they were just sent

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to Guantanamo Bay, because this

is denial of justice.

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If we want justice, we need

to give them the trial

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that would satisfy them,

but also the victims.

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The British men detained last month

are El Shafee Elsheikh,

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who arrived in Syria from Britain

in 2012, and Alexanda Kotey,

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who left the UK on an aid

convoy to Gaza in 2009,

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and also ended up in Syria.

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Their gang is accused by the US

of beheading at least 27 hostages,

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including Alan Henning,

David Haines and Americans

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James Foley, Peter Kassig

and Steven Sotloff.

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They are also accused

of water boarding, mock

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executions, crucifixions

and electric shock torture.

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Alexanda Kotey and El Shafee

Elsheikh grew up close to each other

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in quite a small area of west

London, near to the A40 flyover.

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It became infamous as

an IS recruiting ground.

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As well as Mohammed Emwazi,

Jihadi John, some half a dozen other

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men from these streets died fighting

for IS in either Syria or Iraq.

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At El Shafee Elsheikh's house,

his parents, who had another

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son killed in Syria,

asked the media to leave.

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There's nothing we can say,

no comment whatsoever.

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Please, please, let us be in peace.

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Their son and Alexanda Kotey

have had their British

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citizenship removed already.

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Now a trial, possibly

in the United States,

0:16:100:16:12

seems the most likely outcome.

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Daniel Sandford, BBC News.

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The scale of suffering

in Syria has reached

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unprecedented levels according

to the United Nations as a wave

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of fresh bombardments continue

in rebel-held areas.

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The UN Security Council

on Thursday failed to uphold

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an appeal from aid officials

for a month-long ceasefire

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to end what they describe

as an "extreme situation".

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Officials say access to aid

is being blocked in crucial areas,

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with an estimated 13 million people

in need across the country.

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More than 240 civilians are thought

to have been killed in the besieged

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area of Eastern Ghouta after five

straight days of bombing by Syrian

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warplanes and artillery.

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With me is

Panos Moumtzis assistant secretary

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general of the United Nations

and the UN's regional

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humanitarian coordinator for Syria.

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An unprecedented scale of

devastation.

Hundreds of thousands

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of people displaced and killed and

you are calling for a ceasefire?

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Absolutely. The situation as early

quite extreme at the moment, between

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Italy where we have seen a massive

displacement of more than 300,000

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people just in the last few weeks

from southern Italy to the central

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parts, but also BBC judgment where

over 400,000 people had been really

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living under extreme situations. We

have war than 700 medical cases of

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people. -- we have more than. We

haven't been able to bring

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assistance for more than months. It

cannot continue. Enough is enough.

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It is the time to think and act in a

way that the protection of civilians

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is insured, women and children in

desperate situations receive

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assistance and the injured are able

to come out.

Just last year, the UN

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only got access to 27 of its quest

is to get access to opposition areas

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by the Syrian Government. The UN is

failing miserably in terms of

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getting a grip on this.

I would say

what Israeli happening at the

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moment, there is a failure of

humanitarian dis- Pullman C. -- what

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is really happening. More than 6

million people are displaced. It is

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a very difficult situation. We are

able to help about 7.5 million

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people every month. That is through

a regular programme. What we are

0:18:440:18:49

unable to do is really reach the

people in the most desperate need,

0:18:490:18:53

in besieged areas and hard to reach

areas. This is why we feel we are

0:18:530:18:58

raising her voice because really

something needs to change. We cannot

0:18:580:19:04

continue like this, not being able

to reach the most vulnerable in

0:19:040:19:07

Syria.

As you said, this has been

going on for years, you have had

0:19:070:19:13

time to raise your voice. You not

putting enough pressure on the

0:19:130:19:16

regime to drive humanitarian aid to

those who need it?

We are in contact

0:19:160:19:24

with the Government of Syria, every

single Government capital that we

0:19:240:19:26

can think of that can be of help to

help us to reach these people in

0:19:260:19:31

this situation. This is not

happening, this is not moving

0:19:310:19:35

further. Last year we reached about

a quarter of what we should have

0:19:350:19:39

done from within Syrian operations.

Since two months, this has come to a

0:19:390:19:44

complete halt and that cannot

continue any longer. It cannot be

0:19:440:19:47

business as usual. The reports,

pictures, images we're getting every

0:19:470:19:53

day I really quite dramatic. Health

facilities should not be targeted,

0:19:530:19:59

civilian facilities should not be

targeted.

How affective can you be

0:19:590:20:05

if you have Russia continuously

supporting Assad? What can you

0:20:050:20:08

genuinely do?

We always say that

humanitarian response cannot be a

0:20:080:20:15

solution what is actually a

political problem. We need the

0:20:150:20:18

political will, commitment, the

quantities of politicians and

0:20:180:20:22

governments to bring the pressures

that is an improvement to be bull

0:20:220:20:25

fights and situations. This huge and

conflict is not the way forward. We

0:20:250:20:36

need to take the medical places or

people whose lives are on the line.

0:20:360:20:40

It is desperate then needed. Thank

you for joining us.

Thank you.

0:20:400:20:47

The European Union's Chief

Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier,

0:20:470:20:49

has warned that a transition period

for the UK after it leaves the bloc

0:20:490:20:52

is not guaranteed -

0:20:520:20:53

unless what he called substantial

disagreements can be overcome.

0:20:530:20:55

Mr Barnier said these include

Britain not wanting to extend

0:20:550:20:58

permanent rights to EU nationals

who arrive in the country

0:20:580:21:00

during the transition,

and not wanting to follow

0:21:000:21:02

all European rules during that time.

0:21:020:21:03

Here's some of what he had to say.

0:21:030:21:12

Brexit is coming and time is running

short, just 13 months before Britain

0:21:140:21:19

is officially out of the European

Union, and today the EU had a sharp

0:21:190:21:24

warning, sort out key sticking

points or there will be no deal and

0:21:240:21:29

no transition. Britain's Brexit

Secretary met the EU chief

0:21:290:21:33

negotiator in Downing Street on

Monday. Friendly enough, but there

0:21:330:21:36

are just weeks to shoot things out.

Today in Brussels with the big EU

0:21:360:21:41

summit coming next month, Michel

Barnier had a blog message, in terms

0:21:410:21:47

easy to understand.

If these

agreements processed, the transition

0:21:470:21:51

is not a given.

So much to sort out

and talks are getting prickly. On

0:21:510:21:58

the rights of migrants arrive after

Brexit day,

0:21:580:22:03

will Brussels block trade if Britain

breaks EU rules?

0:22:030:22:09

The Brexit secretary

Colback discourteous.

0:22:090:22:10

Mr Barney disagreed.

0:22:100:22:11

TRANSLATION:

Throughout these

negotiations, my attitude has not

0:22:110:22:13

been in the least

discourteous or vindictive.

0:22:130:22:15

We have never wished

to punish the UK.

0:22:150:22:20

It is totally foreign

to my state of mind.

0:22:200:22:28

And how to leave the EU

without bringing back a

0:22:280:22:30

hard north-south Irish border?

0:22:300:22:33

Nobody wants that but...

0:22:330:22:34

It is important to tell the truth.

0:22:340:22:36

A UK decision to leave

the single market

0:22:360:22:38

and to leave the customs union would

make border checks unavoidable.

0:22:380:22:46

It is not just

a political problem at

0:22:470:22:49

this shoe shop in Northern Ireland.

0:22:490:22:51

These issues are men for walking,

on both sides of the border.

0:22:510:22:54

Customs and tariffs

could mean a business

0:22:540:22:56

like this running into trouble.

0:22:560:22:59

We need easy access

from the factory to

0:22:590:23:01

our shop floor.

0:23:010:23:05

If there is a hard border,

there will be hold-ups all

0:23:050:23:07

the way along that

we cannot predict.

0:23:070:23:14

Tonight, the Brexit secretary

is saying he is surprised

0:23:140:23:16

that Mr Barnier is not

clear that Britain

0:23:160:23:18

wants to go on trading

as

0:23:180:23:20

now during a transition.

0:23:200:23:21

The government is

hoping for compromise

0:23:210:23:22

in negotiations, but if there is no

transition deal next month,

0:23:220:23:25

ministers will have

to prepare Britain

0:23:250:23:26

and British business

for the

0:23:260:23:28

possibility of a cliff edge Brexit.

0:23:280:23:32

If there is a transition deal it is

on to deciding the ambitions for

0:23:320:23:35

Brexit, which divide Parliament,

Tory MPs and the Cabinet.

0:23:350:23:37

One day, one crisis after time.

0:23:370:23:44

The Eiffel Tower in Paris has

been shut for the second time this

0:23:440:23:47

week because of snow and black ice.

0:23:470:23:49

The French capital is covered

in a heavy blanket of snow that has

0:23:490:23:52

brought some parts of the transport

system to a halt.

0:23:520:23:55

But not everyone is complaining.

0:23:550:23:57

Here's our correspondent,

Hugh Schofield.

0:23:570:24:02

For the second time this

week, snowy weather

0:24:020:24:04

has blown into Paris

from

0:24:040:24:05

the west, setting off to good effect

for the tourists some of the most

0:24:050:24:09

popular landmarks.

0:24:090:24:10

The city was just getting

over the previous having

0:24:100:24:12

fall on Tuesday, that

caused some disruption

0:24:120:24:16

to transport on road and rail.

0:24:160:24:23

Parks were shut as freezing

temperatures overnight turned slush

0:24:230:24:25

to ice.

0:24:250:24:26

I love it.

0:24:260:24:27

I'm used to coming to

Paris when it's sunny.

0:24:270:24:29

I've never been here

when it has snowed before.

0:24:290:24:35

As a tourist, I don't

enjoy it, because lots of

0:24:350:24:37

stuff is closed, the metro lines are

closed, but it's beautiful, isn't

0:24:370:24:40

it?

0:24:400:24:41

You can't really not enjoy it.

0:24:410:24:43

TRANSLATION:

I think

that certain roads should have been

0:24:430:24:45

cleared quicker, but then

that is the weather,

0:24:450:24:47

nothing out of the ordinary.

0:24:470:24:48

I think we should look

at the positives.

0:24:480:24:50

Snow is actually quite beautiful.

0:24:500:24:56

At the airbase just west

of the capital, snowploughs

0:24:560:24:58

have been brought to clear the.

0:24:580:24:59

And one adventurous soul had a flaky

answer to the transport problem.

0:24:590:25:07

Now there is the skiing fan.

0:25:090:25:10

Hugh Schofield, BBC News, Paris.

0:25:100:25:18

Now here's one

thing you don't expect

0:25:210:25:23

to find in the post -

this two-month old tiger

0:25:230:25:25

cub, which had been packed

into a plastic container and mailed

0:25:250:25:28

to an address in Mexico.

0:25:280:25:29

The package was detected when a dog,

which was searching

0:25:290:25:32

for contraband, sniffed it out.

0:25:320:25:33

The cub was taken an animal

management centre,

0:25:330:25:35

and is reported to be "dehydrated

but otherwise well".

0:25:350:25:42

A reminder of our top story::

0:25:420:25:45

North and South Korea have marched

together under a single flag

0:25:450:25:48

at the opening ceremony

of the Pyongchang Winter Olympics.

0:25:480:25:50

Among the crowd were the most senior

North Korean officials to visit

0:25:500:25:53

the South in sixty years.

0:25:530:25:54

Don't forget you can get

in touch with me and some

0:25:540:25:57

of the team on Twitter -

I'm @BBCKasiaMadera.

0:25:570:26:05

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