11/02/2018 World News Today


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11/02/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

A warm welcome to BBC

World News Today.

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I'm Celia Hatton.

0:00:070:00:08

Our top stories...

0:00:080:00:11

A Russian passenger plane carrying

71 people has crashed

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shortly after taking off

from a Moscow airport.

0:00:130:00:15

Officials say there

are no survivors.

0:00:150:00:21

The leader of South Africa's

ruling ANC party Cyril

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Ramaphosa says he'll ask

President Jacob Zuma to step

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down on Monday.

0:00:250:00:27

Oxfam and other global charities

under threat in the wake

0:00:270:00:30

of a widening sex scandal.

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Also in the programme...we'll update

you on the action on day two

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of competition at the winter

Olympics...the Netherlands

0:00:390:00:40

celebrates its second gold medal.

0:00:400:00:50

Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

0:00:570:00:58

A Russian airliner has

crashed near Moscow,

0:00:580:01:01

killing all 71 people on board.

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The plane, operated

by Saratov Airlines,

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was travelling to the city of Orsk

in the Ural mountains when it came

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down near the village of Argunovo

shortly after first taking off.

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Sarah Rainsford reports.

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The remains of flight 703

are scattered in the snow in fields

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just outside Moscow,

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the fragments of a plane that

plunged to the ground

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minutes after take-off.

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Everyone on board has been killed.

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The aircraft was an Antonov 148

operated by the regional

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Saratov Airlines.

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It says the plane itself,

shown here, was just eight years

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old and the pilot was experienced.

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The flight took off from Moscow,

heading for Orsk in southern

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Russia.

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It disappeared from

radars moments later.

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There was no emergency

call from the crew.

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In Orsk tonight, there is despair.

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Relatives of the 71 passengers

and crew have been gathering

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but they have been told there's no

hope of any survivors.

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Medics have been sent to help

calm and comfort them.

0:02:030:02:08

At the crash site outside

Moscow, the debris is

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spread over a wide area.

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It was mid-afternoon and people

in nearby villages say they saw

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the plane fall from the sky.

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This man says it

came down in pieces.

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Others have described seeing a flash

or an explosion first.

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Police have now cordoned off

the area as teams are sent

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in to search for bodies.

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One flight recorder has been found,

but there are no clues yet

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as to what caused this disaster.

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The freezing conditions are just one

of many factors that

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investigators are looking

at as they continue their work

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here through the night.

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Sarah Rainsford, BBC

News, in central Russia.

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Sergei Goryashko from BBC Russian

is near the crash site -

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he's sent this update.

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There are a lot of lorries and a lot

of cars of rescue services

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which are trying to reach the place

where the plane came down.

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It's very difficult to do that now

for them, because there is a lot

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of snow on the roads and the road

to the place where the plane

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crashed down is blocked.

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will try to find the bodies

of the people who died

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in this really

awful airline crash.

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It is a mess here right now,

but we are trying to figure out

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what is actually happening.

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As some people told us,

all rescue services from the Moscow

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region are now here.

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There are a lot of workers

and a special squad who will try

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to find the bodies and try to figure

out what happened with the plane.

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The leader of South Africa's ruling

ANC party, Cyril Ramaphosa,

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says the future of the country's

president, Jacob Zuma,

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will be finalised tomorrow.

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Speaking in Cape Town at an event

marking the centenary

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of the birth of Nelson Mandela,

Mr Ramaphosa made it clear that

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if the president didn't resign,

he'd be asked to step

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down on Monday.

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Mr Zuma's eight years in office have

been marred by numerous

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corruption allegations.

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We are currently engaged, comrades,

in discussions around the transition

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to a new administration

and specifically to resolve

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the issues and the position

of the President of the Republic

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of South Africa.

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Pumza Fihlani is in Cape Town.

She gave us her analysis.

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He addressed the crowd

for about an hour.

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Towards the end of that speech

here at Grand Parade,

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he addressed the Jacob Zuma

question, promising that there

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will be a resolution

to this tomorrow.

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This is when the national

executive committee

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of the African National Congress

meets, tomorrow afternoon.

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He has promised that there

will be an end to this.

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He says South Africans

deserve closure, and there

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certainly has been anxiety

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here in South Africa

about what is happening

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with President Jacob Zuma.

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If that speech is any

indication to go by,

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he's planning on playing tough

on corruption and making sure

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that those who have been

linked or alleged to be

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involved in corrupt dealings

will be brought to justice.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news...

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The sister of the North Korean

leader, Kim Jong-un,

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has left South Korea after a three

day trip that some say was

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a propaganda victory for Pyongyang.

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Kim Yo-jong flew home on a private

jet after attending a concert

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with the South Korean President,

Moon Jae-in.

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On Saturday, she passed on a message

from her brother inviting Mr Moon

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to Pyongyang for a summit.

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Reports from Syria say at least

a dozen people have been killed

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in renewed attacks on a besieged,

rebel-held enclave

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on the outskirts of Damascus.

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Activists in the Eastern Ghouta

region said there were air

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strikes on two towns.

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Syrian state media said government

forces had responded to rebel mortar

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fire that had landed in the centre

of the capital.

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The British government

says it will hold talks

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with the charity Oxfam on Monday -

after more allegations emerged

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about its staff working overseas.

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Several Oxfam employees either

left their jobs or were sacked

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after claims they hired prostitutes

in Haiti - and other claims

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regarding a programme in Chad

are being investigated.

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Angus Crawford reports.

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First Haiti, now Chad, one

of the poorest countries on earth.

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New allegations that a number

of Oxfam workers paid

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local women for sex.

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The head of the mission at the time,

Roland van Hauwermeiren,

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was the same man who five years

later resigned after

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admitting using prostitutes.

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Four others were sacked.

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Oxfam will not confirm the details,

but says it is shocked

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and dismayed by the report,

which highlights unacceptable

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behaviour by a small

number of people.

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As the scandal grows,

the International Development

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Secretary, Penny Mordaunt,

has sent a strong warning

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to all British charities

receiving public money -

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they will lose the cash

if they cannot show a robust

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approach to safeguarding.

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I am very clear, it does not matter

whether you have a whistle-blowing

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hotline, it does not matter

if you have got good

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safeguarding practices in place,

if the moral leadership at the top

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of the organisation is not there,

we cannot have you as a partner.

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She said Oxfam did not

give her department to full facts

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about what happened in Haiti.

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At a meeting tomorrow,

the charity will be given one last

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chance, or be stripped

of its public funding.

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Today, more revelations

about other aid agencies -

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reports that Christian Aid,

Save the Children and the British

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Red Cross have all investigated

staff over sexual misconduct

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allegations.

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Some who know the sector

well are not surprised.

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People need to realise that the vast

majority of aid work in crisis

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situations is extraordinary.

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It saves lives, it helps

people who are vulnerable,

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but aid agencies need to do more

so that the best people

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are going into these areas,

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they are monitored,

and that these people

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who are very vulnerable,

they have

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a voice in how this unfolds.

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The Government is now demanding that

every charity receiving taxpayers'

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money disclose all past and current

cases of sexual misconduct.

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A scandal affecting one

charity is now threatening

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to engulf the entire sector.

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Angus Crawford, BBC News.

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With me is Katie Harrison,

a former aid worker and charity

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communications director who has

spent time in parts of Africa.

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You haven't worked for Oxfam, but in

your experience, where do you think

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things might have gone so badly

wrong for Oxfam in this case?

Is

0:09:180:09:23

difficult to assess that because I

haven't been there and I don't know.

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But any organisation needs

leadership at every level. We see

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sexual expedition across every

sector. We see it in church, in

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Hollywood and in corporate

companies, and it always comes the

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leadership at the top and on the

front line. Every person in a

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position of responsibility needs to

know what is expected of them and

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what they are leading their teams to

deliver and especially in the way

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they treat people with dignity and

they respect women and children.

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Cross-cultural management is

important, because there will be

0:09:520:09:55

people in teams who are from

different parts of the world were

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different things are acceptable, and

then they are all planted in a

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separate part of the world again, so

you have lots of cultures working

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together in a volatile situation

where lots of things could go wrong.

0:10:050:10:09

You have worked on the front line a

number of times and I understand you

0:10:090:10:12

have seen sex workers interact with

NGO workers?

It's not unusual to see

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hotel lobbies, particularly in

places where aid workers and aid

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officials are staying, to see women

approach men, particularly as they

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go to the lift as they go to bed for

the night, which is desperately sad

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because it tells us that those women

know that they can get business in

0:10:290:10:33

places like that. There is a

precedent for it. Those women are

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desperate and they know that some

men will buy sex. I have never seen

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one of my colleagues do that, but

perhaps they wouldn't do it in front

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of me, who knows? The point is that

it is very rare for it to happen

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because people are trained and they

know they shouldn't do that, but

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some people must do it otherwise

women would not be touting for

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business there.

The point is that

there is a imbalance of power. There

0:11:000:11:02

is a wealthy aid worker coming in

for a short period of time.

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Desperate women have had their whole

lives uprooted in a tragedy, and

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yes, they are looking for a way out

and away to meet the needs of their

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children and the people they are

looking after. They do know that

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these men are trained not to do

that. So this is very common in

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every NGO's training and orientation

briefing. You are specifically told

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not to have sex with people who have

experienced the tragedy, not to

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marry children. You are told that

specifically. These people will have

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been trained and they will

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know that this is not what they are

supposed to be doing. So it is

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massive misconduct.

What effect do

you think this will have on UK

0:11:590:12:01

charity donations and beyond?

It's

sad because millions of people in

0:12:010:12:03

the UK give so generously. They make

personal sacrifices because they

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feel as though they are part of

something bigger than themselves.

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Even with a £20 a month, they are

contributing to making the world a

0:12:080:12:10

better place. They will feel slapped

in the phase. This is a travesty,

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because most aid workers do not do

this and it is such a desperate

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shame that some people behaving

badly will tar us all with the same

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brush.

Thank you for joining us.

0:12:210:12:22

Stay with us on BBC World News.

0:12:220:12:26

Still to come...

0:12:260:12:27

It's bed rest, but all

in the name of science -

0:12:270:12:29

how researchers are testing

the effects of zero-gravity.

0:12:290:12:39

This is BBC World News Today.

0:13:530:13:55

The latest headlines: A Russian

passenger plane has crashed

0:13:550:13:57

just outside Moscow.

0:13:570:13:58

Officials say all 71

on board were killed.

0:13:580:14:06

The new leader of the African

National Congress, Cyril Ramaphosa,

0:14:060:14:10

says the party will ask President

Jacob Zuma to step down.

0:14:100:14:14

British Foreign Secretary Boris

Johnson, has held talks

0:14:140:14:17

with Myanmar's leader

Aung San Suu Kyi, focusing

0:14:170:14:19

on the Rohingya refugee crisis.

0:14:190:14:21

Hundreds of thousands of people have

been forced to leave Myanmar,

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seeking shelter in neighbouring

Bangladesh, following a military

0:14:240:14:28

crackdown, and violence

from pro-government militias.

0:14:280:14:30

Our correspondent Reeta

Chakrabarti is travelling

0:14:300:14:32

with the Foreign Secretary.

0:14:320:14:36

Among the burnt out remains

of a Rohingya home, Boris Johnson

0:14:360:14:39

took in the chilling sight,

the charred remains

0:14:390:14:41

of a former life.

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He found the site himself,

although his visit to this region

0:14:480:14:51

was heavily controlled

by the Myanmar authorities.

0:14:510:14:55

Can you work out

where the house was?

0:14:550:14:57

He travelled from village

to village by helicopter.

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From the air, you could see whole

areas razed to the ground.

0:14:590:15:09

It's where the Myanmar military

and Buddhist mobs are accused

0:15:090:15:14

of pogroms against

the Muslim Rohingya.

0:15:140:15:16

These pictures of burning villages

in the area were filmed

0:15:160:15:18

by the BBC last year.

0:15:180:15:19

You genuinely have

no idea who did it?

0:15:190:15:21

Some Rohingya are still here

and were brought out by the Myanmar

0:15:210:15:24

authorities to speak

to Boris Johnson.

0:15:240:15:25

All denied any knowledge of who had

destroyed their village.

0:15:250:15:28

This habitation has clearly been

burnt out and deserted.

0:15:280:15:33

One of the Rohingya villagers that

I spoke to a little earlier

0:15:330:15:36

told me in English,

"I hope you understand,

0:15:360:15:38

we are in a very bad

situation and unhappy".

0:15:380:15:40

He didn't dare tell me

who had burnt his village.

0:15:400:15:44

One government minister accompanying

us told me it was what he called

0:15:440:15:47

Rohingya terrorists who turned

on their own people and set

0:15:470:15:49

fire to their homes.

0:15:500:15:51

What do you think happened here?

0:15:510:15:56

A terrorist attack against them.

0:15:560:15:57

Definitely that.

0:15:570:16:06

Earlier in the capital,

a meeting with Aung San Suu Kyi,

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who has attracted international

condemnation for not speaking

0:16:080:16:10

up for the Rohingya.

0:16:100:16:11

What came of their talks?

0:16:110:16:12

I don't think it has come

through to her, the full extent,

0:16:120:16:15

the horror of what has happened.

0:16:150:16:18

It's absolutely devastating

and I think what is needed

0:16:180:16:20

now is some leadership,

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some calm, but some leadership,

working with the UN agencies to get

0:16:240:16:26

these people back home.

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But this is what awaits any

Rohingya who do come back,

0:16:310:16:34

a settlement with high

fences and barbed wire.

0:16:340:16:36

The Myanmar government calls

this a reception centre.

0:16:360:16:38

To date, no one has

returned to live here.

0:16:380:16:40

Reeta Chakrabarti,

BBC News, Myanmar.

0:16:400:16:49

Pakistani human rights

activist and lawyer

0:16:490:16:53

Asma Jahangir has died

at the age of 66.

0:16:530:16:55

She braved death threats

and beatings to become one

0:16:550:16:57

of Asia's most respected

human rights advocates.

0:16:570:16:59

Ms Jahangir served on the UN team

that conducted an enquiry into human

0:16:590:17:02

rights violations in Sri Lanka.

0:17:020:17:06

Earlier, I spoke to Pakistan's

Ambassador to the US,

0:17:060:17:09

Mr Hussain Haqqani, who had

known Asma for 25 years.

0:17:090:17:12

I began by asking how

she felt speaking up

0:17:120:17:14

about the Pakistani military?

0:17:140:17:22

Well, she had an illustrious father

who had opposed the first martial

0:17:220:17:25

law in Pakistan in 1958,

one of the few who did.

0:17:250:17:28

And she basically said

that when the military

0:17:280:17:30

takes over a country,

all civilian norms

0:17:300:17:31

fall by the wayside.

0:17:320:17:33

She also did not like the idea

of a highly militarised Pakistan,

0:17:330:17:36

because she thought that that

essentially compromised the human

0:17:360:17:39

rights of everybody by giving

the military the ability to ride

0:17:390:17:42

roughshod over the people.

0:17:420:17:46

And she did not like the idea

of permanent animosity with any

0:17:460:17:48

of Pakistan's neighbours.

0:17:490:17:53

So she stood firmly

against the dictatorship

0:17:530:18:02

of General Yahya Khan,

whom she challenged as a very young

0:18:020:18:06

woman in a civilian court and then

against General Zia ul-Haq.

0:18:060:18:08

And when Zia ul-Haq started

discriminating against women

0:18:080:18:10

in the name of religion,

she gathered Pakistan's

0:18:100:18:12

women to resist it.

0:18:120:18:13

Again, the idea was,

let us at least make it clear

0:18:130:18:18

that there is resistance

to dictatorship, whether it's

0:18:180:18:21

in the name of religion

or in the name of nationalism.

0:18:210:18:26

And now, when Pakistan has

a civilian government,

0:18:260:18:28

she wanted civilian supremacy,

not rules by colonels and brigadiers

0:18:280:18:37

who operate in the shadows

as part of the deep state.

0:18:370:18:39

Remarkable.

0:18:390:18:44

You knew Ms Jahangir for 25 years.

0:18:440:18:48

Is there one snapshot you can give

to us, one example that

0:18:480:18:52

summarises her passion for her work?

0:18:520:18:53

Well, I, after resigning

as Pakistan's ambassador to the US,

0:18:530:18:59

was wrongly implicated in an affair

in which I was falsely accused

0:18:590:19:02

by the Pakistani intelligence

service of having communicated

0:19:020:19:06

with the Americans and trying

to forestall a coup.

0:19:060:19:12

Lawyers were afraid that the deep

state would not abide

0:19:120:19:14

by their taking up my case.

0:19:140:19:24

And Ms Jahangir volunteered to take

up that case and fought for me.

0:19:240:19:27

Time for a look at the sport.

0:19:270:19:29

To South Korea, where Red Gerard

was the star on day two of

0:19:290:19:32

the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang.

0:19:320:19:36

The teenage snowboarder won gold

in the slopestyle on a day

0:19:360:19:39

when seven gold medals were at stake

- Nick Marshall McCormack

0:19:390:19:42

rounds up the action.

0:19:420:19:48

It's a mark of Red Gerard's styled

at the age of 17 he was regarded as

0:19:480:19:52

one of the favourites going into

this event at Pyeongchang. On the

0:19:520:19:56

slopes, it's hard to believe the

youth that lies under the clothes,

0:19:560:19:59

but when the moment of glory had

passed and he was at the centre of

0:19:590:20:02

the world's media, the youth was

what struck.

It was crazy. It was

0:20:020:20:08

really wild to me that I got first

place. It was jaw-dropping.

Hard to

0:20:080:20:15

believe?

Yeah, I am still having a

hard time believing it.

Maybe Gerard

0:20:150:20:21

will age when he has to overcome

obstacles like the one Sim and

0:20:210:20:24

Kruger did in the 30 kilometres

skiathlon. Crashing early and

0:20:240:20:29

looking down and out. But the

Norwegian is made of sterner stuff

0:20:290:20:33

and he regrouped one of the Winter

Games' great comebacks and to lead

0:20:330:20:39

home a Norwegian 123. Sven Kramer

secured a one to three of a

0:20:390:20:44

different kind. His victory in the

5000 metre speed skating completes

0:20:440:20:48

his domination of this Olympic event

since 2010. Plus this time was an

0:20:480:20:53

Olympic record.

0:20:530:20:59

In the English Premier League,

Manchester United

0:20:590:21:00

are now 16 points behind leaders

and rivals Manchester City after

0:21:000:21:03

a 1-0 defeat at Newcastle on Sunday.

0:21:030:21:06

Matt Richie's first goal

of the season in the second half

0:21:060:21:10

gave Rafael Benitez's team the win,

and lifted them out of the bottom

0:21:100:21:13

three and up to 13th in the table.

0:21:130:21:15

United boss Jose Mourinho has

still never won at St James's Park.

0:21:150:21:23

My verdict is that we could be here

than ours and we wouldn't score a

0:21:230:21:27

goal. But I also want to say it is

fair to say that Newcastle played

0:21:270:21:36

and defended with their lives a

clean sheet. They were trying to get

0:21:360:21:41

a point and a point for us would

result in their relegation fight.

0:21:410:21:48

They got us in a defensive mistake

and they scored, and at that moment

0:21:480:21:57

they just thought, we are going to

give our lives and defend with

0:21:570:22:00

everything.

0:22:000:22:00

Better luck for Liverpool,

who moved back into third position

0:22:000:22:02

thanks to two first half

goals at Southampton.

0:22:020:22:04

Mo Salah has now scored 22 league

goals this season and he got

0:22:040:22:07

the second after setting up

Roberto Firmino for

0:22:070:22:09

Liverpool's first.

0:22:090:22:12

Jurgen Klopp's team missed a number

of chances in the second half

0:22:120:22:15

to extend their lead,

while Southampton rarely threatened,

0:22:150:22:17

and drop into the Premier

League relegation zone.

0:22:170:22:24

Huddersield Town hadn't won in 2018,

going into the game

0:22:240:22:26

against 10th placed Bournemouth,

but two goals in each half helped

0:22:260:22:29

them to a 4-1 home win.

0:22:290:22:32

David Wagner's team had

lost their previous five matches,

0:22:320:22:34

and are now out of the bottom three.

0:22:340:22:37

To Rugby Union's Six Nations,

where Scotland put defeat by Wales

0:22:370:22:39

last week behind them to overcome

France 32-26 at Murrayfield

0:22:390:22:42

and revive their campaign.

0:22:420:22:46

France were 10-0 and then 20-14 up

before Scotland took the lead late

0:22:460:22:49

into the second half.

0:22:490:22:53

Greig Laidlaw kicked six penalties,

and Scotland will face reigning

0:22:530:22:55

champions England at Murrayfield

on Saturday 24th February.

0:22:550:23:01

And that's all the sport for now.

0:23:010:23:06

Here's a science experiment

you might want to sign up for:

0:23:060:23:09

A group of volunteers have been

spending three days in bed.

0:23:090:23:12

It's hoped their experience

will will shed light on how

0:23:120:23:14

weightlessness affects

the human body.

0:23:140:23:24

This is the nearest I'll ever

be to being in space.

0:23:280:23:31

It's life, but not as we know it.

0:23:310:23:36

These are two of ten volunteers

spending three days in a bed

0:23:360:23:43

that is tipped by minus six degrees,

0:23:430:23:45

the head lower than

the body to simulate

0:23:450:23:47

the effects of zero gravity.

0:23:470:23:48

Pillownauts is the term used

for healthy participants that

0:23:480:23:50

undertake bed rest studies

and they immitate being

0:23:500:23:52

astronauts, but lying in bed.

0:23:520:23:53

On earth, our bodies

are continually working

0:23:530:23:55

against gravity but in space,

weightlessness creates problems.

0:23:550:23:58

They have muscle wasting

and develop osteoporosis.

0:23:580:24:02

They also come back

to earth prediabetic

0:24:020:24:04

and that is because they are being

0:24:040:24:06

so inactive in space,

they are not contracting

0:24:060:24:08

their muscles.

0:24:080:24:09

The trial is running

alongside a project

0:24:090:24:10

by the European Space Agency.

0:24:100:24:13

Blood tests and muscle biopsies

monitor how the body is coping,

0:24:130:24:15

but how are the pillownauts

themselves getting on?

0:24:150:24:20

You're slightly upside down, so it's

not like literally hanging upside

0:24:200:24:24

down, but there's

a weird distribution of

0:24:240:24:26

sensation in your body.

0:24:260:24:28

After a while I just got used to it

and then you didn't really

0:24:280:24:31

have any discomfort.

0:24:310:24:32

It just feels like

you're lying in bed.

0:24:320:24:34

I watched an entire

Netflix series yesterday.

0:24:340:24:36

That got me through the day.

0:24:360:24:39

Today, I've got more freedom

with my arms, so I'll

0:24:390:24:41

be writing my thesis.

0:24:420:24:44

Mars and Earth are neighbours,

but it is estimated it

0:24:440:24:46

could still take nine months for us

to get there.

0:24:460:24:49

With scientists wanting humans

on Mars by the 2030s,

0:24:490:24:51

they are working to make

sure our bodies can

0:24:510:24:53

withstand the journey.

0:24:530:24:54

All the money's being funnelled

into these long-term bed rest

0:24:540:24:56

projects at the moment because we're

rapidly trying to develop the best

0:24:560:24:59

interventions we can to make sure

if we get an astronaut to Mars,

0:24:590:25:02

that they can

undertake their duties.

0:25:020:25:05

After three days in bed,

there will be three

0:25:050:25:08

days of rehab to observe

the return-to-earth effect.

0:25:080:25:12

A small step in the world of space

exploration, but all part

0:25:120:25:16

of the giant leap towards

manned missions to Mars.

0:25:160:25:19

Hannah Meredith, BBC

News, Nottingham.

0:25:190:25:24

Before we go, if you have ever

wondered why combat sports have

0:25:240:25:28

weight categories, take a look at

this footage from Japan. It's a

0:25:280:25:33

charity fundraising event featuring

some of the biggest stars of sumo

0:25:330:25:37

wrestling and their young fans. Keep

in mind that the average sumo

0:25:370:25:40

wrestler weighs about 150 kilograms,

over 300 lbs. The little boy is

0:25:400:25:46

trying to get him out of the ring

and finally succeeds!

0:25:460:25:52

You can get in touch with me and

some of the team on Twitter. Bye-bye

0:25:520:25:56

for now.

0:25:560:26:01