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A warm welcome to BBC
World News Today.
I'm Celia Hatton.
Our top stories...
A Russian passenger plane carrying
71 people has crashed
shortly after taking off
from a Moscow airport.
Officials say there
are no survivors.
The leader of South Africa's
ruling ANC party Cyril
Ramaphosa says he'll ask
President Jacob Zuma to step
down on Monday.
Oxfam and other global charities
under threat in the wake
of a widening sex scandal.
Also in the programme...we'll update
you on the action on day two
of competition at the winter
celebrates its second gold medal.
Hello and welcome
to World News Today.
A Russian airliner has
crashed near Moscow,
killing all 71 people on board.
The plane, operated
by Saratov Airlines,
was travelling to the city of Orsk
in the Ural mountains when it came
down near the village of Argunovo
shortly after first taking off.
Sarah Rainsford reports.
The remains of flight 703
are scattered in the snow in fields
just outside Moscow,
the fragments of a plane that
plunged to the ground
minutes after take-off.
Everyone on board has been killed.
The aircraft was an Antonov 148
operated by the regional
It says the plane itself,
shown here, was just eight years
old and the pilot was experienced.
The flight took off from Moscow,
heading for Orsk in southern
It disappeared from
radars moments later.
There was no emergency
call from the crew.
In Orsk tonight, there is despair.
Relatives of the 71 passengers
and crew have been gathering
but they have been told there's no
hope of any survivors.
Medics have been sent to help
calm and comfort them.
At the crash site outside
Moscow, the debris is
spread over a wide area.
It was mid-afternoon and people
in nearby villages say they saw
the plane fall from the sky.
This man says it
came down in pieces.
Others have described seeing a flash
or an explosion first.
Police have now cordoned off
the area as teams are sent
in to search for bodies.
One flight recorder has been found,
but there are no clues yet
as to what caused this disaster.
The freezing conditions are just one
of many factors that
investigators are looking
at as they continue their work
here through the night.
Sarah Rainsford, BBC
News, in central Russia.
Sergei Goryashko from BBC Russian
is near the crash site -
he's sent this update.
There are a lot of lorries and a lot
of cars of rescue services
which are trying to reach the place
where the plane came down.
It's very difficult to do that now
for them, because there is a lot
of snow on the roads and the road
to the place where the plane
crashed down is blocked.
will try to find the bodies
of the people who died
in this really
awful airline crash.
It is a mess here right now,
but we are trying to figure out
what is actually happening.
As some people told us,
all rescue services from the Moscow
region are now here.
There are a lot of workers
and a special squad who will try
to find the bodies and try to figure
out what happened with the plane.
The leader of South Africa's ruling
ANC party, Cyril Ramaphosa,
says the future of the country's
president, Jacob Zuma,
will be finalised tomorrow.
Speaking in Cape Town at an event
marking the centenary
of the birth of Nelson Mandela,
Mr Ramaphosa made it clear that
if the president didn't resign,
he'd be asked to step
down on Monday.
Mr Zuma's eight years in office have
been marred by numerous
We are currently engaged, comrades,
in discussions around the transition
to a new administration
and specifically to resolve
the issues and the position
of the President of the Republic
of South Africa.
Pumza Fihlani is in Cape Town.
She gave us her analysis.
He addressed the crowd
for about an hour.
Towards the end of that speech
here at Grand Parade,
he addressed the Jacob Zuma
question, promising that there
will be a resolution
to this tomorrow.
This is when the national
of the African National Congress
meets, tomorrow afternoon.
He has promised that there
will be an end to this.
He says South Africans
deserve closure, and there
certainly has been anxiety
here in South Africa
about what is happening
with President Jacob Zuma.
If that speech is any
indication to go by,
he's planning on playing tough
on corruption and making sure
that those who have been
linked or alleged to be
involved in corrupt dealings
will be brought to justice.
Let's take a look at some of
the other stories making the news...
The sister of the North Korean
leader, Kim Jong-un,
has left South Korea after a three
day trip that some say was
a propaganda victory for Pyongyang.
Kim Yo-jong flew home on a private
jet after attending a concert
with the South Korean President,
On Saturday, she passed on a message
from her brother inviting Mr Moon
to Pyongyang for a summit.
Reports from Syria say at least
a dozen people have been killed
in renewed attacks on a besieged,
on the outskirts of Damascus.
Activists in the Eastern Ghouta
region said there were air
strikes on two towns.
Syrian state media said government
forces had responded to rebel mortar
fire that had landed in the centre
of the capital.
The British government
says it will hold talks
with the charity Oxfam on Monday -
after more allegations emerged
about its staff working overseas.
Several Oxfam employees either
left their jobs or were sacked
after claims they hired prostitutes
in Haiti - and other claims
regarding a programme in Chad
are being investigated.
Angus Crawford reports.
First Haiti, now Chad, one
of the poorest countries on earth.
New allegations that a number
of Oxfam workers paid
local women for sex.
The head of the mission at the time,
Roland van Hauwermeiren,
was the same man who five years
later resigned after
admitting using prostitutes.
Four others were sacked.
Oxfam will not confirm the details,
but says it is shocked
and dismayed by the report,
which highlights unacceptable
behaviour by a small
number of people.
As the scandal grows,
the International Development
Secretary, Penny Mordaunt,
has sent a strong warning
to all British charities
receiving public money -
they will lose the cash
if they cannot show a robust
approach to safeguarding.
I am very clear, it does not matter
whether you have a whistle-blowing
hotline, it does not matter
if you have got good
safeguarding practices in place,
if the moral leadership at the top
of the organisation is not there,
we cannot have you as a partner.
She said Oxfam did not
give her department to full facts
about what happened in Haiti.
At a meeting tomorrow,
the charity will be given one last
chance, or be stripped
of its public funding.
Today, more revelations
about other aid agencies -
reports that Christian Aid,
Save the Children and the British
Red Cross have all investigated
staff over sexual misconduct
Some who know the sector
well are not surprised.
People need to realise that the vast
majority of aid work in crisis
situations is extraordinary.
It saves lives, it helps
people who are vulnerable,
but aid agencies need to do more
so that the best people
are going into these areas,
they are monitored,
and that these people
who are very vulnerable,
a voice in how this unfolds.
The Government is now demanding that
every charity receiving taxpayers'
money disclose all past and current
cases of sexual misconduct.
A scandal affecting one
charity is now threatening
to engulf the entire sector.
Angus Crawford, BBC News.
With me is Katie Harrison,
a former aid worker and charity
communications director who has
spent time in parts of Africa.
You haven't worked for Oxfam, but in
your experience, where do you think
things might have gone so badly
wrong for Oxfam in this case?
difficult to assess that because I
haven't been there and I don't know.
But any organisation needs
leadership at every level. We see
sexual expedition across every
sector. We see it in church, in
Hollywood and in corporate
companies, and it always comes the
leadership at the top and on the
front line. Every person in a
position of responsibility needs to
know what is expected of them and
what they are leading their teams to
deliver and especially in the way
they treat people with dignity and
they respect women and children.
Cross-cultural management is
important, because there will be
people in teams who are from
different parts of the world were
different things are acceptable, and
then they are all planted in a
separate part of the world again, so
you have lots of cultures working
together in a volatile situation
where lots of things could go wrong.
You have worked on the front line a
number of times and I understand you
have seen sex workers interact with
It's not unusual to see
hotel lobbies, particularly in
places where aid workers and aid
officials are staying, to see women
approach men, particularly as they
go to the lift as they go to bed for
the night, which is desperately sad
because it tells us that those women
know that they can get business in
places like that. There is a
precedent for it. Those women are
desperate and they know that some
men will buy sex. I have never seen
one of my colleagues do that, but
perhaps they wouldn't do it in front
of me, who knows? The point is that
it is very rare for it to happen
because people are trained and they
know they shouldn't do that, but
some people must do it otherwise
women would not be touting for
The point is that
there is a imbalance of power. There
is a wealthy aid worker coming in
for a short period of time.
Desperate women have had their whole
lives uprooted in a tragedy, and
yes, they are looking for a way out
and away to meet the needs of their
children and the people they are
looking after. They do know that
these men are trained not to do
that. So this is very common in
every NGO's training and orientation
briefing. You are specifically told
not to have sex with people who have
experienced the tragedy, not to
marry children. You are told that
specifically. These people will have
been trained and they will
know that this is not what they are
supposed to be doing. So it is
What effect do
you think this will have on UK
charity donations and beyond?
sad because millions of people in
the UK give so generously. They make
personal sacrifices because they
feel as though they are part of
something bigger than themselves.
Even with a £20 a month, they are
contributing to making the world a
better place. They will feel slapped
in the phase. This is a travesty,
because most aid workers do not do
this and it is such a desperate
shame that some people behaving
badly will tar us all with the same
Thank you for joining us.
Stay with us on BBC World News.
Still to come...
It's bed rest, but all
in the name of science -
how researchers are testing
the effects of zero-gravity.
This is BBC World News Today.
The latest headlines: A Russian
passenger plane has crashed
just outside Moscow.
Officials say all 71
on board were killed.
The new leader of the African
National Congress, Cyril Ramaphosa,
says the party will ask President
Jacob Zuma to step down.
British Foreign Secretary Boris
Johnson, has held talks
with Myanmar's leader
Aung San Suu Kyi, focusing
on the Rohingya refugee crisis.
Hundreds of thousands of people have
been forced to leave Myanmar,
seeking shelter in neighbouring
Bangladesh, following a military
crackdown, and violence
from pro-government militias.
Our correspondent Reeta
Chakrabarti is travelling
with the Foreign Secretary.
Among the burnt out remains
of a Rohingya home, Boris Johnson
took in the chilling sight,
the charred remains
of a former life.
He found the site himself,
although his visit to this region
was heavily controlled
by the Myanmar authorities.
Can you work out
where the house was?
He travelled from village
to village by helicopter.
From the air, you could see whole
areas razed to the ground.
It's where the Myanmar military
and Buddhist mobs are accused
of pogroms against
the Muslim Rohingya.
These pictures of burning villages
in the area were filmed
by the BBC last year.
You genuinely have
no idea who did it?
Some Rohingya are still here
and were brought out by the Myanmar
authorities to speak
to Boris Johnson.
All denied any knowledge of who had
destroyed their village.
This habitation has clearly been
burnt out and deserted.
One of the Rohingya villagers that
I spoke to a little earlier
told me in English,
"I hope you understand,
we are in a very bad
situation and unhappy".
He didn't dare tell me
who had burnt his village.
One government minister accompanying
us told me it was what he called
Rohingya terrorists who turned
on their own people and set
fire to their homes.
What do you think happened here?
A terrorist attack against them.
Earlier in the capital,
a meeting with Aung San Suu Kyi,
who has attracted international
condemnation for not speaking
up for the Rohingya.
What came of their talks?
I don't think it has come
through to her, the full extent,
the horror of what has happened.
It's absolutely devastating
and I think what is needed
now is some leadership,
some calm, but some leadership,
working with the UN agencies to get
these people back home.
But this is what awaits any
Rohingya who do come back,
a settlement with high
fences and barbed wire.
The Myanmar government calls
this a reception centre.
To date, no one has
returned to live here.
BBC News, Myanmar.
Pakistani human rights
activist and lawyer
Asma Jahangir has died
at the age of 66.
She braved death threats
and beatings to become one
of Asia's most respected
human rights advocates.
Ms Jahangir served on the UN team
that conducted an enquiry into human
rights violations in Sri Lanka.
Earlier, I spoke to Pakistan's
Ambassador to the US,
Mr Hussain Haqqani, who had
known Asma for 25 years.
I began by asking how
she felt speaking up
about the Pakistani military?
Well, she had an illustrious father
who had opposed the first martial
law in Pakistan in 1958,
one of the few who did.
And she basically said
that when the military
takes over a country,
all civilian norms
fall by the wayside.
She also did not like the idea
of a highly militarised Pakistan,
because she thought that that
essentially compromised the human
rights of everybody by giving
the military the ability to ride
roughshod over the people.
And she did not like the idea
of permanent animosity with any
of Pakistan's neighbours.
So she stood firmly
against the dictatorship
of General Yahya Khan,
whom she challenged as a very young
woman in a civilian court and then
against General Zia ul-Haq.
And when Zia ul-Haq started
discriminating against women
in the name of religion,
she gathered Pakistan's
women to resist it.
Again, the idea was,
let us at least make it clear
that there is resistance
to dictatorship, whether it's
in the name of religion
or in the name of nationalism.
And now, when Pakistan has
a civilian government,
she wanted civilian supremacy,
not rules by colonels and brigadiers
who operate in the shadows
as part of the deep state.
You knew Ms Jahangir for 25 years.
Is there one snapshot you can give
to us, one example that
summarises her passion for her work?
Well, I, after resigning
as Pakistan's ambassador to the US,
was wrongly implicated in an affair
in which I was falsely accused
by the Pakistani intelligence
service of having communicated
with the Americans and trying
to forestall a coup.
Lawyers were afraid that the deep
state would not abide
by their taking up my case.
And Ms Jahangir volunteered to take
up that case and fought for me.
Time for a look at the sport.
To South Korea, where Red Gerard
was the star on day two of
the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang.
The teenage snowboarder won gold
in the slopestyle on a day
when seven gold medals were at stake
- Nick Marshall McCormack
rounds up the action.
It's a mark of Red Gerard's styled
at the age of 17 he was regarded as
one of the favourites going into
this event at Pyeongchang. On the
slopes, it's hard to believe the
youth that lies under the clothes,
but when the moment of glory had
passed and he was at the centre of
the world's media, the youth was
It was crazy. It was
really wild to me that I got first
place. It was jaw-dropping.
Yeah, I am still having a
hard time believing it.
will age when he has to overcome
obstacles like the one Sim and
Kruger did in the 30 kilometres
skiathlon. Crashing early and
looking down and out. But the
Norwegian is made of sterner stuff
and he regrouped one of the Winter
Games' great comebacks and to lead
home a Norwegian 123. Sven Kramer
secured a one to three of a
different kind. His victory in the
5000 metre speed skating completes
his domination of this Olympic event
since 2010. Plus this time was an
In the English Premier League,
are now 16 points behind leaders
and rivals Manchester City after
a 1-0 defeat at Newcastle on Sunday.
Matt Richie's first goal
of the season in the second half
gave Rafael Benitez's team the win,
and lifted them out of the bottom
three and up to 13th in the table.
United boss Jose Mourinho has
still never won at St James's Park.
My verdict is that we could be here
than ours and we wouldn't score a
goal. But I also want to say it is
fair to say that Newcastle played
and defended with their lives a
clean sheet. They were trying to get
a point and a point for us would
result in their relegation fight.
They got us in a defensive mistake
and they scored, and at that moment
they just thought, we are going to
give our lives and defend with
Better luck for Liverpool,
who moved back into third position
thanks to two first half
goals at Southampton.
Mo Salah has now scored 22 league
goals this season and he got
the second after setting up
Roberto Firmino for
Jurgen Klopp's team missed a number
of chances in the second half
to extend their lead,
while Southampton rarely threatened,
and drop into the Premier
League relegation zone.
Huddersield Town hadn't won in 2018,
going into the game
against 10th placed Bournemouth,
but two goals in each half helped
them to a 4-1 home win.
David Wagner's team had
lost their previous five matches,
and are now out of the bottom three.
To Rugby Union's Six Nations,
where Scotland put defeat by Wales
last week behind them to overcome
France 32-26 at Murrayfield
and revive their campaign.
France were 10-0 and then 20-14 up
before Scotland took the lead late
into the second half.
Greig Laidlaw kicked six penalties,
and Scotland will face reigning
champions England at Murrayfield
on Saturday 24th February.
And that's all the sport for now.
Here's a science experiment
you might want to sign up for:
A group of volunteers have been
spending three days in bed.
It's hoped their experience
will will shed light on how
the human body.
This is the nearest I'll ever
be to being in space.
It's life, but not as we know it.
These are two of ten volunteers
spending three days in a bed
that is tipped by minus six degrees,
the head lower than
the body to simulate
the effects of zero gravity.
Pillownauts is the term used
for healthy participants that
undertake bed rest studies
and they immitate being
astronauts, but lying in bed.
On earth, our bodies
are continually working
against gravity but in space,
weightlessness creates problems.
They have muscle wasting
and develop osteoporosis.
They also come back
to earth prediabetic
and that is because they are being
so inactive in space,
they are not contracting
The trial is running
alongside a project
by the European Space Agency.
Blood tests and muscle biopsies
monitor how the body is coping,
but how are the pillownauts
themselves getting on?
You're slightly upside down, so it's
not like literally hanging upside
down, but there's
a weird distribution of
sensation in your body.
After a while I just got used to it
and then you didn't really
have any discomfort.
It just feels like
you're lying in bed.
I watched an entire
Netflix series yesterday.
That got me through the day.
Today, I've got more freedom
with my arms, so I'll
be writing my thesis.
Mars and Earth are neighbours,
but it is estimated it
could still take nine months for us
to get there.
With scientists wanting humans
on Mars by the 2030s,
they are working to make
sure our bodies can
withstand the journey.
All the money's being funnelled
into these long-term bed rest
projects at the moment because we're
rapidly trying to develop the best
interventions we can to make sure
if we get an astronaut to Mars,
that they can
undertake their duties.
After three days in bed,
there will be three
days of rehab to observe
the return-to-earth effect.
A small step in the world of space
exploration, but all part
of the giant leap towards
manned missions to Mars.
Hannah Meredith, BBC
Before we go, if you have ever
wondered why combat sports have
weight categories, take a look at
this footage from Japan. It's a
charity fundraising event featuring
some of the biggest stars of sumo
wrestling and their young fans. Keep
in mind that the average sumo
wrestler weighs about 150 kilograms,
over 300 lbs. The little boy is
trying to get him out of the ring
and finally succeeds!
You can get in touch with me and
some of the team on Twitter. Bye-bye