16/02/2018 World News Today


16/02/2018

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This is BBC World News Today.

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Our top stories:

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Robert Mueller brings charges

against Russian nationals for trying

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to help Donald Trump win the 2016

presidential election.

For

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committing federal crimes while

seeking to interfere in the United

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States critical system.

The FBI says

it mishandled information warning

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about the danger of the Florida

School shooter.

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A former Oxfam aid worker tells the

BBC she was physically abused and

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sexually assaulted by colleagues in

Haiti.

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The new South African president has

been setting out his plans to end

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corruption in his first State of the

nation address.

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A new dawn is upon us. And a

wonderful dawn has arrived.

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Hello and welcome to world News

today. The office of Robert Mueller,

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the special counsel investigating

Russian interference in the US

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presidential election has filed

charges against individuals and

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companies. Three have been accused

of conspiring why afford. Details

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are still coming in on the

indictments but a short while ago,

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the US debt that the Attorney

General made this statement to

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reporters.

The defendants allegedly conducted

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what they called information warfare

against the United States. With the

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stated goal of spreading distrust

towards the candidates and the

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political system in general.

According to the allegations in the

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indictment, 12 of the individual

defendants worked at various times

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for a company called Internet

research agency, a Russian company

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based in Saint Petersburg. The

conspiracy was part of a larger

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operation called Project Latka.

Let's get more now from our

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correspondent in Washington.

Details are coming in by the minute

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but can you just take us through

some of the charges outlined?

The

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larger charges, meddling in the US

2016 election, wire fraud to

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undermine election law. It lays out

the scope of these activities, the

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entire apparatus to influence the

2016 election. Individuals connected

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with travel to the United States set

up servers within the United States

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to hide their attempts at online

election meddling. They met with

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experts in the United States to

learn about how they could best

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influence the presidential election

and did what they could to try to

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boost the campaign of Donald Trump

and undermine Democrat Hillary

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Clinton but those were the only

candidates that were involved in it.

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They also tried to support Bernie

Sanders, who was running against

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Hillary Clinton in the primary and

the Green party candidate running in

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the general election, to siphon off

some support from the Democrat. Also

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worked against Republican candidate

in the primary is. Ted Cruz and

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Marco Rubio. This was an all

encompassing effort that try to

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create rallies on the ground in the

United States spread disinformation,

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setting up fake and sometimes

assumed identities of real Americans

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in online accounts and use them to

spread a series of hash tags and

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social media means and other

attempts to undermine the US

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presidential election process.

Do

the indictments sit whether

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crossbred any new light on who or

what organisation was set --

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directing this alleged activity?

It

names actual individuals who were

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involved in this. Essentially, this

indictment lays out who was

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involved, people within the

boundaries of Russia, but who were

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coming to the United States to

attempt to influence. They said they

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even had contact with grassroot

supporters of the Donald Trump

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campaign, although if there is

anyone in the campaign who worked

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with them, it was unwittingly, they

did not know they were Russians

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because these individuals were

posing as Americans on the ground in

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the US.

OK, we will leave it there.

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More funerals are taking place

in Parkland in Florida,

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for the victims of Wednesday's mass

high school shooting,

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when 17 people died.

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Last night thousands

attended a candle-lit vigil,

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with many in the crowd calling

for tougher gun controls.

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President Trump is heading

to Florida today, as our

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North America Correspondent Aleem

Maqbool reports.

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They are coming to mourn a girl shot

dead inside her school.

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One of the 17 victims of America's

latest mass shooting.

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Alyssa had been passionate

about playing football and had been

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a popular and talented people.

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Earlier, thousands had gathered

to remember all of those who died,

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in many cases friends that only

a few days ago they had

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shared classrooms with.

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They included 14-year-old

Jaime Guttenberg, all family members

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say stood up for those

who were bullied.

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Her father spoke at the vigil.

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I sent her to school yesterday.

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She was supposed to be safe.

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Among the others who died,

Meadow Pollock, who was going

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to university next year,

Joachim Oliver a basketball player

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who loved writing poetry.

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Nicholas, a promising

swimmer and academic,

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and 14-year-old Cara,

who her family says

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was a great student who loved

being at the beach.

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All lives cut short by a former

student at their own school who had

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returned with a gun.

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This is where Nikolas Cruz

bought his weapon.

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All he had to do was produce

his driving licence,

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give the most basic of personal

details and then answer a question

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to say that he was not mentally ill.

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He was 18 at the time,

too young to buy alcohol

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here but old enough to walk out

of this job within the 15 rifle.

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Young survivors are insisting

on better gun control but feel many

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adults are letting them down.

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The fact that I have to say this

is horrifying but I feel the need

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to because this is the blood

of children that is on the floor

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of the school now.

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These are 17 children that are dead.

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Those children are the future,

the feature of this country.

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And what are we telling our children

and showing the feature

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of our country when they have

to come to school and

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worry about being shot?

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Politicians again promised change.

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You call this a talking point,

why would this be any different

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to all the atrocities that have gone

before, what makes you feel

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this is different?

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I have never seen students speak out

as boldly as they have.

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Maybe this is the turning point.

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Close to the school students

demonstrated to demand

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a solution to stop this type

of tragedy happening again.

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In truth America remains a long

way off finding a way

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to end its problems with guns.

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There's been a big development

in this story in the last half-hour.

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A statement from the FBI.

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It says that someone close

to the gunman, Nikolas Cruz,

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did contact the agency

at the beginning of January,

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talking about his erratic behaviour,

his gun ownership, his desire

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This admission by the FBI, how is

that news being greeted where you

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are?

I have to say for the last day

or so we have heard from authorities

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constantly. If you see something,

say something. Well, somebody did.

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The students and families I have

spoken to are absolutely furious

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about this. The FBI director said he

called the victims' families and

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told them about this admission that

they failed to properly investigate

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the tip and he says he cannot

imagine the added pain this is

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causing them. I spoke to one father

whose son was inside and for a while

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when he was in there, he could not

get in contact with him and he was

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so scared and he was blunt that the

agency needs to hold up their hands

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and say exactly step-by-step what

had gone wrong because he said he

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failed these families. 17 people

died.

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We had seen some discussion about

gun control. Do you think this

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announcement by the FBI is now going

to crowd out those arguments?

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That is certainly the fear. The

talking point from staunch

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conservative Republicans who have

defended the second Amendment have

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said from the beginning, as they

have with every school shooting,

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that we have to wait to get the

facts of the case before we jump to,

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as they call it, politicising the

issue aren't talking about gun

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control. Donald Trump has said from

the beginning, this is someone who

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was known to be mentally unstable

but he was silent on gun control.

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For those voices, certainly, this is

added ammunition to say, look, we

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could have prevented this, if the

FBI had stepped in on warnings that

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people had put forward. On the other

side, I think as was said in the

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package, I have never seen students

come together so boldly, really, to

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demand not just ask, but to demand

that the country changes it stands

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and bushes for safer gun laws and we

saw students pulling out their

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phones and showing these videos and

when I asked one of them why he did

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that, he said it was specifically so

he could record what was happening

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and change people's minds about this

very issue.

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very issue.

We are expecting

President Trump to be in Florida

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later on Friday.

We are also hearing of another

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school shooting. Police have been

responding to an incident. Details

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are not clear and we don't know of

any injuries yet but this is what

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people are posting on Twitter,

showing a sense of panic in the wake

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of that Florida shooting.

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In the last half an hour, another

school has posted this, confirming

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it is

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school has posted this, confirming

it is not a drill.

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it is not a drill. We will keep

across this and bring you any more

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details as we get them.

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A woman employed by Oxfam

as a junior aid worker,

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during the relief effort in Haiti

after the 2010 earthquake,

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has told the BBC she was physically

abused and sexually assaulted

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by a more senior male colleague.

abused and sexually assaulted

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She also claims she was the victim

of another sexual assault

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by an Oxfam worker, at a party

in South Sudan in the same year.

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It comes as the Head

of Oxfam International,

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announced a plan to deal

with allegations of abuse.

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Winnie Byanyima says

the charity, has been shamed.

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Our Diplomatic Correspondent James

Landale has the full story.

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His report contains some

distressing details.

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Haiti in 2010.

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And the chaotic aftermath

of an earthquake.

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A country heaving with

humanitarian workers.

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Some of them there to help

like this young woman working

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for Oxfam for the first time.

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I studied Oxfam in University

in England and learned about them,

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they are the lead in the world,

after Unicef, a lot

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of humanitarian response.

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I always dream of working for them.

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But her dream turned sour as a more

senior colleague became over -

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friendly and then not so friendly.

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You will understand why we have

protected her identity.

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He literally pinned me

against the wall, he was groping me

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and grabbing me, kissing me

and I was just trying

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to shove him off.

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I got him off eventually anti-got

mad and through his glass at me

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and it shattered on the floor,

and later on we got in the car to go

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home and he got in next to me

and I was scared so I got out

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and I went to sit on the back.

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I didn't fall out of my seat,

he threw me out of my seat and then

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pinned me to the ground.

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One of my colleagues,

a woman, also my room mate,

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reached back and tried to grab me

and pick me out.

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I was hitting him, kicking him.

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She helped me and I got back

into the middle seat and I jumped

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into the front seat,

on the passenger side.

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As soon as we got home I ran out

of the car and went up to my room,

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I didn't want to say anything.

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And then in South Sudan

she was assaulted by another Oxfam

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colleague after a New Year party.

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I went to my room and I was starting

to undress and go to sleep

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and he just walked in,

shoved me on the bed,

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he tried to rip, he did rip

some of my clothes off,

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he got naked, forced and soft...

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he got naked, forced himself...

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I was shoving him, kicking him

and screaming for anyone.

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I know that the man next door heard

because in next morning he even

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said something like,

hey are you all right

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after what happened last might.

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Nobody came to help and I just

pushed him and kicked him

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and kicked him, and eventually

he got up and walked

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outside for a bit and I ran

to the door and shouted.

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And I stood at the door

with all my might, keeping it pushed

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shut as it was pushing

from the other end.

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It felt like, for so, so long.

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I was exhausted.

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I don't know, I was just crying.

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I didn't know what to do.

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I was screaming for help.

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I thought someone

would come help me.

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But nobody came.

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Today Oxfam announced they had said

at the new commission

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to investigate cases like these.

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There will also be tough and Ajax

on staff references and three

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times more money spent

on internal safeguarding procedures.

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But can you guarantee

that there are no sexual predators

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working for Oxfam today?

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We have cases that we are

investigating today,

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and I am determined that we deliver

justice in those cases.

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Thousands and thousands of Oxfam

staff, doing the right thing

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in the most dangerous places

in the world.

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Protecting people, saving lives,

that work must go on.

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You cannot give that guarantee

that there are no sexual predators

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working for your organisation?

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How would I be able to guarantee

that there is no one

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who is going to offend?

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What I can guarantee

is that we will build a new culture

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that doesn't tolerate bad behaviour.

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What went on in Haiti has cost Oxfam

donations and public trust.

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So it is promising justice

and changing its rules.

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But its future depends on changing

a culture that seems

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to tolerate sexual misconduct.

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I think it is absolutely clear that

that partnership, that economic

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partnership will be one and can be

one that will be of benefit both to

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German businesses that want to

continue to operate and trade with

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United Kingdom and UK businesses

that want to continue to trade and

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cooperate with Jimmy and other

members of the remaining EU 27. --

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Germany. What I believe we are

looking at a partnership that is not

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based on an existing model but one

that recognising the different

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position of the United Kingdom as we

leave the United Kingdom -- European

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Union and recognises the importance

of those trade links and those

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businesses cooperating that will

have been referred to from German

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companies but also is also important

to UK companies as well.

Angela

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Merkel said the partnership will be

different and not as close.

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TRANSLATION:

In the end, it needs to be not as

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close a partnership as we have had

but I think we as 27 will be very

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carefully vetting and seeing it is

as close as possible but different

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to what Britain currently has as a

member, which is what they want.

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Let's take a look

at some of the other

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stories making the news.

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The Brazilian army is to take

full control of security

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in Rio de Janeiro state.

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President Michel Temer

ordered the intervention,

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saying organised crime has virtually

seized control there.

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The state is in a deep

economic crisis.

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In the city of Rio, street

crime is on the rise

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and criminal gangs have regained

control of the shantytowns.

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A court in Turkey has

ordered the release on bail

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of the German-Turkish journalist

Deniz Yucel, whose detention

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in Istanbul has been a major source

of diplomatic tension.

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The order came as prosecutors filed

an indictment on charges that carry

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an 18-year jail sentence.

0:18:220:18:24

Mr Yucel was accused of terrorist

propaganda and spying

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after writing articles

about Turkey's Kurdish minority.

0:18:260:18:34

Two Swiss athletes at

the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics

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in South Korea have become the first

competitors to be hit

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by an outbreak of the norovirus.

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The Swiss team says the freestyle

skiers have been taken away

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from the rest of the team.

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The pair have been named in Swiss

media as Fabian Boesch,

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pictured here, and Elias Ambuehl.

0:18:510:18:59

The new South African president has

delivered his first State of the

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nation address to parliament in Cape

Town a day after being sworn into

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office. He set out his plans for the

economy and for ending the

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corruption scandals that forced his

predecessor to resign. Mr Ramaphosa

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told MPs this is the year that tide

will be turned on corruption in

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South African institutions.

We must

fight corruption, we must fight

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fraud and collusion, as well as in

the private sector with the same

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intensity that we want to fight it

in the public sector. We must

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remember that every time someone

receives a bribe, there is someone

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who is prepared to pay it. We will

make sure that we deal with both of

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them.

With me now is a journalist who has

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worked in Africa for 20 years and

now director of the society in

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London.

A wonderful dawn has arrived, do you

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agree?

Whether it is going to be

wonderful, we will have to see but

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there is going to be a huge change.

Cyril Ramaphosa has a very strong

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vision, he has a terrific track

record. He started as a trade union

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leader and completely outfoxed...

This was in 1986, he completely

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outmanoeuvred the mining companies.

He then became the main negotiator

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for the new South Africa and again,

the ruling apartheid... Taught him

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things like fly fishing, and things

like that, which he became very good

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at. When he came to the

negotiations, he again outmanoeuvred

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them. And put things in the

Constitution that they really didn't

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want. But he is just a very good

communicator and a very good

0:21:100:21:14

negotiator.

You have met the man. How does his

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character and temperament differ to

his predecessor?

He is a very calm

0:21:180:21:23

person. When you meet him, he talks

to you, he is totally focused on

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you. He does not just talk for the

sake of it. Very precise. In South

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African terms, it is a bit awkward

because he comes from a very small

0:21:350:21:39

ethnic groups so in that way, he is

not part of the big ethnic

0:21:390:21:43

competition that is going on. He is

outside of that. And I notice when

0:21:430:21:47

he went around after Nelson Mandela

was released from prison, there was

0:21:470:21:55

three people that went with him,

carrying his bad, the head of the

0:21:550:21:59

military wing, he was murdered, the

third one was Cyril Ramaphosa. We

0:21:590:22:05

know that Nelson Mandela wanted

Ramaphosa to be his successor.

0:22:050:22:13

Let's look ahead. Massive

challenges. Unemployment at 27%. Of

0:22:130:22:19

the country living in poverty. What

has he got to do to tackle this

0:22:190:22:24

downward spiral -- half the country.

I think stopping the corruption is

0:22:240:22:28

the first thing. Jacob Zuma is

facing 784 charges. To have survived

0:22:280:22:35

so long without hanging round his

neck, it is just absolutely

0:22:350:22:39

extraordinary. I think it is because

of that sort of corruption that

0:22:390:22:45

investors on the outside and the

inside have held back and are

0:22:450:22:49

sitting on their hands and I think

now they will move, they trust him

0:22:490:22:52

and I think he will try and get the

economy going again. And that

0:22:520:22:56

economy can drive the whole of

southern Africa. Zimbabwe,

0:22:560:23:02

Mozambique, Angola, also in change.

I think if southern Africa really

0:23:020:23:07

gets going, Africa as a whole will

do a lot better than it has been.

0:23:070:23:13

The budget next week. Maybe we will

get some indicators then. Always

0:23:130:23:17

good to speak to you. Thank you very

much.

0:23:170:23:21

There's been a massive fall

in the number of Orangutans

0:23:210:23:24

on the island of Borneo.

0:23:240:23:25

A study has found

that within 16 years,

0:23:250:23:27

the population there has halved.

0:23:270:23:28

The researchers said

that while deforestation

0:23:280:23:29

was partly to blame,

a large number of the animals

0:23:290:23:32

were being killed by hunters

or as punishment for raiding crops.

0:23:320:23:34

Victoria Gill reports.

0:23:340:23:38

Hanging onto survival.

0:23:380:23:39

Zoo programmes like this

preserve small populations

0:23:390:23:41

of Bornean orangutans.

0:23:410:23:47

But in the wild, they are being

pushed rapidly towards extinction.

0:23:470:23:50

Their rainforest home

continues to be cleared

0:23:500:23:52

for agriculture and mining,

but a 16-year-long study has now

0:23:520:23:54

revealed that Borneo's orangutans

are disappearing from areas

0:23:540:23:56

where the forest is untouched.

0:23:560:23:57

They are being targeted by hunters.

0:23:570:24:02

Even in the areas where we think

they're safe, we are losing them.

0:24:020:24:05

And in some of the large populations

where we have measured this loss,

0:24:050:24:08

it's 50% over 16 years.

0:24:080:24:10

It is an astonishing decline

at the population level.

0:24:100:24:17

Even without animals

being deliberately killed,

0:24:170:24:19

scientists estimate that

deforestation alone could wipe out

0:24:190:24:21

another 45,000 orangutans

here in the next three decades.

0:24:210:24:23

But this bridge-building project

is a much-needed sign of hope.

0:24:230:24:25

Where the forest is fragmented

by agricultural drainage ditches,

0:24:250:24:27

a team from Chester Zoo

and the Malaysian charity Hutan

0:24:270:24:30

is physically reconnecting it

with tough polyester straps.

0:24:300:24:38

This remarkable footage captured

by a tourist is the project's

0:24:390:24:42

first sign of success.

0:24:420:24:49

When these animals use their arms,

they move around, they move that

0:24:490:24:52

height, they swing in the forest

canopy and that's what they

0:24:520:24:54

rely on in the wild.

0:24:540:24:56

The zoo has learned from that

to build bridges that

0:24:560:25:04

will reconnect that habitat,

just like the ones

0:25:050:25:07

in the zoo enclosure.

0:25:070:25:13

To actually see them using them

and moving more freely

0:25:130:25:15

across this habitat,

that is so fragmented,

0:25:150:25:17

is a really positive sign.

0:25:170:25:18

This is very much

a short-term solution.

0:25:180:25:20

The long-term solution

is to reforest the area.

0:25:200:25:23

Palm oil grown here makes its way

into a huge variety of our food

0:25:230:25:27

and other products,

so conservationists are urging us

0:25:270:25:29

consumers to check it's

sourced sustainably.

0:25:290:25:31

Our choices, scientists say,

could decide whether there

0:25:310:25:32

is a future for these

critically endangered apes.

0:25:320:25:34

Victoria Gill, BBC News.

0:25:340:25:42

And that's the way it is looking

this hour. Plenty of developing

0:25:490:25:53

stories which you can

[email protected]

0:25:530:25:56

Don't forget you can get

in touch with me and some

0:25:560:25:58

of the team on Twitter.

0:25:580:26:05

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