16/02/2018 World News Today


16/02/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

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Our top stories.

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US special counsel Robert

Mueller brings charges

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against Russian nationals for trying

to help Donald Trump win

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the 2016 American election.

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The indictment charges 13 Russian

nationals and three Russian

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companies for committing federal

crimes while seeking to interfere in

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the United States political system.

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The FBI says it mishandled

information warning about the danger

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of the Florida school shooter.

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Battling criminal gangs

in Rio de Janeiro -

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Brazil's president orders the army

to take over security in the state.

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The new South African

president, Cyril Ramaphosa,

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has been setting out his plans

to end corruption - in his first

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state of the nation address.

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Everyone every time someone receives

a bribe, there is always someone

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ready to pay, we will make sure we

deal with both of them.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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The office of Robert Muller,

the special counsel investigating

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Russian interference in the US

presidential election,

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has filed charges against 13 Russian

individuals and three companies.

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The charges include conspiracy

to commit wire fraud

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and aggravated identity theft.

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Earlier Rod Rosenstein,

the US Deputy Attorney General,

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made this statement to reporters.

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In the past hour,

President Trump has tweeted,

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The conspiracy was part of a larger

organisation, which is part of using

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domestic audiences and also

targeting foreign audiences in

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multiple countries will stop

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In the past hour,

President Trump has tweeted,

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again, that his campaign did

nothing wrong and that

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there was no collusion.

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Meanwhile the Russian

Foreign Ministry dismissed

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allegations of Russian

meddling as absurd.

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Let's get more

from our correspondent

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Anthony Zurcher in Washington.

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when we talk about interference,

what does that mean in practice?

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According to this indictment, it

outlines an array of things that

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Russian individuals do, they

travelled to the United States

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posing as Americans and spoke with

political experts to gauge how best

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to target their interfering efforts,

the focus on the key electoral

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states and they set up servers in

the United States to direct their

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traffic so they could seem to be

Americans contacting social media

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sites through Twitter and Facebook

and advertising campaigns, posing as

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Americans on social media whether

fake aliases or actual people that

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they assumed the identity of but

beyond the social media campaigns

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they were also organising rallies

across the United States some in

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favour of Donald Trump and some

opposing Hillary Clinton, paying

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real Americans for material to

create these rallies, even paying a

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Hillary Clinton impersonator to

dress as a prison guard and travel

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to several Donald Trump rallies,

they were staging rallies to support

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Donald Trump and to protest his

election so it was a con brands of

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effort not just online but also on

the ground throughout the

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presidential campaign --

comprehensive effort.

Rod Rosenstein

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said there is no allegation that

American was knowingly involved in

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the US election meddling. So in that

sense is resident macro right that

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there was no collusion? -- President

Trump.

It doesn't mean that they are

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continuing to investigate, and in

the text of the indictment it said

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that the Russians posing as

Americans had contacts with members

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of the Trump campaign but they

called them unwitting individuals

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and they did not know they were

Russians. In a sense this document

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does not prove collusion and

knowledge on the part of the Trump

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campaign of Russia's efforts and

while this case is not closed in

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this instance, it they can point to

this and said this is not proof of

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collusion.

What are the Democrats

saying about this?

They have said

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Donald Trump has got to take this

seriously, he has been shrugging off

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the US intelligence agencies saying

that Russian tried to meddle with

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the election, calling it a hoax by

his political enemies, but the

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special counsel Robert Mueller has

laid out in exacting detail exactly

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what Russia did and how much money

they spent on it, millions of

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dollars each month in the run-up to

the election, so Democrats are

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saying Donald Trump as to take this

seriously and acknowledge Russian

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efforts in the past and maybe impose

sanctions that Congress has ordered

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and also take active steps going

forward to make sure that this

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doesn't happen again.

Anthony,

thanks for joining us.

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The FBI has said it

was warned last month

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about the Florida school shooter

Nikolas Cruz - but failed

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to act on the information.

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In a statement, it admitted

it was tipped by a person "close"

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to Mr Cruz, who spoke about his gun

ownership, desire to kill people,

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and potential of him

conducting a school shooting.

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Meanwhile more funerals are taking

place for the victims.

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President Trump is heading

to Florida later on Friday.

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Our North America Correspondent

Aleem Maqbool reports.

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They are coming to mourn a girl shot

dead inside her school.

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One of the 17 victims of America's

latest mass shooting.

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Alyssa had been passionate

about playing football and had been

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a popular and talented people.

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Earlier, thousands had gathered

to remember all of those who died,

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in many cases friends that only

a few days ago they had

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shared classrooms with.

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They included 14-year-old

Jaime Guttenberg, who family members

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say stood up for those

who were bullied.

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Her father spoke at the vigil.

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I sent her to school yesterday.

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She was supposed to be safe.

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Among the others who died,

Meadow Pollock, who was going

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to university next year.

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Joachim Oliver a basketball player

who loved writing poetry.

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Nicholas, a promising

swimmer and academic,

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and 14-year-old Cara,

who her family says

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was a great student who loved

being at the beach.

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All lives cut short by a former

student at their own school who had

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returned there with a gun.

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This is where Nikolas Cruz

bought his weapon.

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All he had to do was produce

his driving licence,

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give the most basic of personal

details and then answer a question

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to say that he was not mentally ill.

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He was 18 at the time,

too young to buy alcohol

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here but old enough to walk out

of this shop with an AR-15 rifle.

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Young survivors are insisting

on better gun control but feel many

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adults are letting them down.

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The fact that I have to say this

is horrifying but I feel the need

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to because this is the blood

of children that is on the floor

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of the school now.

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These are 17 children that are dead.

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Those children are the future,

the future of this country.

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And what are we telling our children

and showing the future

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of our country when they have

to come to school and

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worry about being shot?

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Politicians again promised change.

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You call this a talking point,

why would this be any different

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to all the atrocities that have gone

before, what makes you feel

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this is different?

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I have never seen students speak out

as boldly as they have.

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Maybe this is the turning point.

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Close to the school,

students demonstrated to demand

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a solution to stop this type

of tragedy happening again.

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In truth America remains a long

way off finding a way

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to end its problems with guns.

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The BBC's Neda Tawfik

is in Parkland, Florida.

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I asked her how the news

that the FBI had a tip off

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about the alleged shooter,

is being received.

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We have heard from authorities, if

you see something, say something.

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Well, somebody did, but the FBI

never responded to the information.

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The FBI director said he called up

the families of the victims

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to apologise and he said he can't

imagine the added pain

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that this is causing them,

and throughout the last day we have

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heard from officials saying

it is important for anyone who sees

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something to say something,

but in this case someone did say

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something, but 17 people have died.

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One of the victim's father said the

agency had got to be blunt and said

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they had failed these families.

We

have seen discussion of gun control,

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is this announcement by the FBI

going to crowd out those items? --

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arguments.

That is the fear, the

talking point from Storch

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conservative Republicans who have

defended deep second Amendment --

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Storch. -- Storch. They have two

weight for the facts, they say, but

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for politicising the issue, and

President Trump said this was

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someone who was known to be mentally

I -- unstable but he did not mention

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gun-control, and this is added

ammunition to say, we could have

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prevented this is the FBI had

stepped in on warnings that people

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had put forward. On the other side,

I've never seen students come

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together so boldly to demand that

the country changes its stance and

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pushes for safer gun laws. We saw

students showing these videos and

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when I asked one of them why he did

that he said it was specifically so

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he could record what was happening

and change people's minds about this

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very issue.

Our correspondent in

Florida.

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The Brazilian army is to take

full control of security

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in Rio de Janeiro state.

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President Michel Temer

ordered the intervention,

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saying organised crime has virtually

seized control there.

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In the city of Rio -

street crime is on the rise

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and criminal gangs have regained

control of the shantytowns.

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The BBC's Julia Carneiro joined

from there a little earlier.

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This has never happened in recent

past, it is the first time, it is

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something that was established by

the 1980 Constitution, the

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prerogative of calling a

constitution if there is a case

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where law and order needs to be

restored but it has never happened.

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The president Michael Temer has said

an extreme measure like this was

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necessary because criminal

organisations were spreading like a

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cancer as he said in Rio and it was

necessary to take strong measures to

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show the state would be able to take

control of the situation. This is a

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decree that is virtually

transferring the power of how

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policing is organised in Rio from

the state of the federal government

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and the president has named a

general who is to lead the police

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operation in Rio from now on and

will respond to him to the

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president. So we will see lots of

changes in the coming months and we

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will have to see how this runs. The

situation is deteriorating in Rio

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and people are hoping for strong

measures and for a response but

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there is also disbelief and

politicians and also mistrust that

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they can really bring something off

that will have an impact.

We hear

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words like violence and lawlessness,

but can you tell me what is actually

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like living day-to-day in Rio in

practice? What is it like?

Everyone

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here is trying to lead their normal

lives, it is not like it is chaos on

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the streets and carnival just

happened and it was a big

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celebration but there is a daily

life more and more interrupted by

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violent events. It seems like things

are drawing near to you or that the

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possibility of something dangerous

happening is drawing near to you or

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to someone you love and so people

start taking precautions and they

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are more afraid and you hear more

and more of cases of things

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happening. You could be the next one

in line, of course, so there is a

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sense of fear in the city, and this

becomes even more evident when

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events become more extreme like we

have seen over the past few weeks.

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Let's see what will happen and if

this will help improve the

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situation.

Our correspondent in Rio.

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Stay with us on BBC

World News, still to come.

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We look at the reasons why

the number of orangutans in Borneo

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has halved in just 16 years.

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This is BBC World News Today.

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The latest headlines.

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The US special counsel investigating

possible interference

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in the presidential elections,

Robert Mueller, has brought charges

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against 13 Russian suspects.

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The FBI has acknowledged that it

mishandled a warning

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that it received last month

about Nikolas Cruz, the man

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who killed 17 people

at a school in Florida.

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The new South African

president, Cyril Ramaphosa,

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has delivered his first state

of the nation address

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to Parliament in Cape Town,

a day after being sworn into office.

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He set out his plans

for the economy and for ending

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the corruption scandals that

forced his predecessor,

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Jacob Zuma, to resign.

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Mr Ramaphosa told the MPs that this

is the year that the tide will be

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turned on corruption

in South Africa's institutions.

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We must fight corruption,

we must fight fraud and collusion,

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as well as in the private sector,

with the same purpose and intensity

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that we want to fight it

in the public sector.

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We must remember that every time

someone receives a bribe,

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there is someone who is prepared

to pay it.

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We will make sure that we deal

with both of them.

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I spoke to Richard Dowden,

a journalist in Africa for 20

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years and now Director

of the Royal African Society

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in London, about his opinion

on Mr Ramaphosa's speech.

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There will be a huge change, Cyril

Ramaphosa has a very very strong

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vision and he has a terrific track

record. He started as a trade union

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leader and completely outfoxed in

1986 the mining companies. He then

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became the main negotiator for the

new South Africa and again the

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ruling apartheid took him and told

him things like fly fishing witchy

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became very good at -- taught him

things like fly fishing which he

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became very good at but when it came

to the negotiations he outfoxed

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them, he's a very good communicator

and a very good negotiator.

You have

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met him, how does his temperament

differ to his predecessor?

He's a

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very calm person, when you meet him,

when he talks to you he is totally

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focused on you, he doesn't just talk

the sacred. Very precise -- just

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doesn't talk for the sake of it. He

comes a very small ethnic group in

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South Africa in terms and he is not

part of the big ethnic competition

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that is going on, he is outside

that. When he went around after

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Mandela was released from prison,

there were three people that went

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with him carrying his bag and one of

those was the head of the military

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wing, he was murdered, the man who

became husband and the third was

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Cyril Ramaphosa, -- who became

president. Mandela wanted Cyril

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Ramaphosa to become his predecessor,

we know.

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And now the sport.

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It was more than just a quarterfinal

at the Rotterdam Open

0:19:270:19:29

for Roger Federer tonight.

0:19:290:19:30

He's beaten Robin Haase by two sets

to one, but more importantly

0:19:300:19:33

by doing so, he's regained

the World Number One spot.

0:19:330:19:35

And become the oldest man

to hold that accolade.

0:19:350:19:38

It was actually a double fault

from Haase that handed match point

0:19:380:19:41

to the 36-year-old Federer.

0:19:410:19:42

But a very popular victory,

the the crowd in Rotterdam loved it

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- and he was presented

with a special award

0:19:440:19:47

to mark the occasion.

0:19:470:19:48

Four senior West Bromwich Albion

players have apologised

0:19:480:19:50

after breaking a curfew

and allegedly stealing a taxi

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from outside a fast-food

restaurant in Barcelona.

0:19:520:19:53

The team are bottom

of the Premier League

0:19:530:19:55

and were on a mid season training

break in Spain.

0:19:550:19:58

Jonny Evans, Gareth Barry,

Jake Livermore and Boaz Myhill have

0:19:580:20:00

released a statement

apologising for the incident.

0:20:000:20:02

Catalonia police interviewed

but didn't arrest the players in

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the early hours of Thursday morning.

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The club say the players will be

"subject to the full rigours of

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internal disciplinary procedures."

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It wasn't what we wanted. We've gone

there to try and get ourselves up

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and ready for this run in and this

is not ideal. They break the curfew

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and that is not acceptable and I

feel let down by that. But we still

0:20:180:20:23

got our training in and my focus is

now on the game.

India had completed

0:20:230:20:30

a comprehensive one-day series

victory over South Africa after

0:20:300:20:35

easily chasing down 205 for victory.

Virat Kohli with his 35th one-day

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century.

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We are under three hours away from

the action at the Winter Olympics,

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nine gold medals are up for grabs

and that means more appearances for

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this little fella. The athletes are

not being given flowers any more

0:21:000:21:06

when they win medals. The White

Tiger is considered a godlike animal

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in Korea. Training for the Olympics

can be tough, years of practice

0:21:140:21:25

being ready to peak at the vital

moment. Everything has to be just

0:21:250:21:34

right for the volunteer as he

welcomes athletes and fans from all

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over the world to Pyeongchang.

Inside is truly hot and very humid

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and you cannot breathe easily. More

over you cannot see clearly. Almost

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totally blocked inside, so very

difficult to move because I cannot

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go straight or go anywhere.

With

South Korea having won their second

0:22:030:22:09

gold medal on Friday the mood is

buoyant in Pyeongchang and the White

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Tiger is in the mind for selfies

just as much as the athletes. -- in

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demand.

So many people are very

happy because of me, it feels like

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it makes me dance. Very thankful for

having this chance to be part of it.

0:22:280:22:38

He is so cute and details are great,

so funny.

At the end of an

0:22:380:22:49

exhausting day there is no

gold-medal for the White Tiger, just

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satisfaction that he is adding to

the carnival atmosphere at the

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games. That is all the sport for

now.

0:22:550:23:04

There's been a massive fall

in the number of Orangutans

0:23:040:23:06

on the island of Borneo.

0:23:060:23:13

A study has found

that within 16 years,

0:23:130:23:15

the population there has halved.

0:23:150:23:16

The researchers said

that while deforestation

0:23:160:23:21

was partly to blame,

a large number of the animals

0:23:210:23:23

were being killed by hunters

or as punishment for raiding crops.

0:23:230:23:26

Victoria Gill reports.

0:23:260:23:28

Hanging onto survival.

0:23:280:23:29

Zoo programmes like this

preserve small populations

0:23:290:23:31

of Bornean orangutans.

0:23:310:23:33

But in the wild, they are being

pushed rapidly towards extinction.

0:23:330:23:37

Their rainforest home

continues to be cleared

0:23:370:23:43

for agriculture and mining,

but a 16-year-long study has now

0:23:430:23:46

revealed that Borneo's orangutans

are disappearing from areas

0:23:460:23:48

where the forest is untouched.

0:23:480:23:49

They are being targeted by hunters.

0:23:490:23:52

Even in the areas where we think

they're safe, we are losing them.

0:23:520:23:56

And in some of the large populations

where we have measured this loss,

0:23:560:23:59

it's 50% over 16 years.

0:23:590:24:01

It is an astonishing decline

at the population level.

0:24:010:24:05

Even without animals

being deliberately killed,

0:24:050:24:12

scientists estimate that

deforestation alone could wipe out

0:24:120:24:14

another 45,000 orangutans

here in the next three decades.

0:24:140:24:19

But this bridge-building project

is a much-needed sign of hope.

0:24:190:24:22

Where the forest is fragmented

by agricultural drainage ditches,

0:24:220:24:26

a team from Chester Zoo

and the Malaysian charity Hutan

0:24:260:24:29

is physically reconnecting it

with tough polyester straps.

0:24:290:24:35

This remarkable footage captured

by a tourist is the project's

0:24:350:24:37

first sign of success.

0:24:370:24:47

When these animals use their arms,

they move around, they move that

0:24:480:24:51

height, they swing in the forest

canopy and that's what they

0:24:510:24:53

rely on in the wild.

0:24:530:24:54

The zoo has learned from that

to build bridges that

0:24:540:24:57

will reconnect that habitat,

just like the ones

0:24:570:24:59

in the zoo enclosure.

0:24:590:25:00

To actually see them using them

and moving more freely

0:25:000:25:02

across this habitat,

that is so fragmented,

0:25:020:25:04

is a really positive sign.

0:25:040:25:06

This is very much

a short-term solution.

0:25:060:25:09

The long-term solution

is to reforest the area.

0:25:090:25:15

Palm oil grown here makes its way

into a huge variety of our food

0:25:150:25:18

and other products,

so conservationists are urging us

0:25:180:25:20

consumers to check it's

sourced sustainably.

0:25:200:25:24

Our choices, scientists say,

could decide whether there

0:25:240:25:26

is a future for these

critically endangered apes.

0:25:260:25:30

Victoria Gill, BBC News.

0:25:300:25:37

A reminder of our top story.

0:25:390:25:45

The US special counsel investigating

possible interference

0:25:450:25:46

in the presidential elections,

Robert Mueller, has brought charges

0:25:460:25:48

against 13 Russian suspects.

0:25:480:25:49

President Trump has tweeted again

that his campaign did nothing wrong

0:25:490:25:52

and that there was no collusion.

That is the way it's looking. Thanks

0:25:520:25:57

for joining us. Goodbye for now.

0:25:570:26:05

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