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This is BBC World News Today.
I'm Kasia Madera.
Our top stories.
Theresa May spells out what she
calls the hard facts of Brexit.
In a major policy speech,
the British Prime Minister claims
the UK and EU are now close
to a deal on the transition.
President Trump insists the US can
easily win any trade wars sparked
by his decision to impose steep
tariffs on steel and
Italy prepares to go to the polls
on Sunday with the familiar face
of Silvio Berlusconi back
on the election trail.
Severe weather continues to bring
chaos to large parts of Europe.
At least 59 people have died
in sub-zero temperatures.
Hello and welcome.
UK Prime Minister Theresa May
has outlined her vision
of Britain's future relationship
with the European Union.
She reiterated that the UK would not
be part of the EU's single
market or customs union.
Mrs May said both sides would have
to accept 'hard facts'
and that no one would get
everything they wanted.
The Prime Minister also warned
that the UK would have to pay money
into some EU agencies
to maintain access to them.
What a challenge. To set up
Britain's future relationship with
the EU amid the political divisions
at home and profound scepticism
abroad. Acknowledging possible
downsides to Brexit for the first
time, she said Britain had to face
up to hard facts.
In certain ways
our access to each other's markets
will be less than it is now. How
could the EU structure of rights and
obligations be sustained if the UK
or any country were allowed to enjoy
all the benefits without all of the
Mrs May is proposing a
profound separation from Europe, the
so-called hard Brexit of leaving the
Customs Union and single market. But
she says that should not stop there
being what she called a deep
partnership in the future.
not think of leaving the EU as
marking an ending as much as a new
beginning for the UK and our
relationship with our European
allies. Change is not to be feared.
So long as they face it with a
clear-sighted determination to act
for the common good.
As to domestic
reaction, her Beech has prompted
calls for more detail from business,
which remains anxious about Brexit.
And has strong cautious praise from
both the anti-and pro-European wings
of governing Conservative Party. In
Europe, the EU chief negotiators
said Mrs May was at last facing
reality but there would be
trade-offs from Brexit. The European
Parliament's Brexit coordinator was
more harsh, Mrs May, he tweeted, was
still being vague. It has been at a
modulus week in the long-running
drama that is Brexit. But the
opposition Labour Party coming out
in favour of closer ties with the
EU. And two former Prime Minister --
Prime Minister 's morning of the
dangers of leaving Europe and
pleading with politicians and voters
alike to think again. The politician
left with carrying out the result of
a referendum that has divided
Britain like no other issue in
decades said the country was facing
a crucial moment. Thank you. Few
would disagree. How was the speech
received on the continent? Here is
Here in Brussels it has been
rather muted and wary.
The EU's chief Brexit negotiator,
Michel Barnier, took to Twitter
to thank the Prime Minister
for her clarity and say that
confirmation that the UK would be
leaving the single market
and the customs union meant
that it was heading for a free-trade
agreement with the EU.
Privately, EU diplomats have praised
the Prime Minister's
more realistic tone,
they said, admitting that both sides
can't have exactly what they want.
But they said they couldn't find
much new in her speech
and they lamented the absence
of a workable solution, they said,
to the Irish problem.
Manfred Weber, he's very close
to Angela Merkel and a leader
here in the European Parliament,
he said that the UK was still
burying its head in the sand.
Tonight we've got working groups
from all the 27 EU member states
who are poring over detail
of the Prime Minister's speech.
One diplomat said to me today
he hoped that he would find coded
messages to the EU in Theresa May's
speech that would then become much
clearer once they sit down again
at the negotiating table.
He said something similar happened
with her last Brexit
speech back in autumn.
Katya Adler reporting. That has
turned to the US. -- let us turn.
International stock markets have
fallen after President Trump's
announcement of planned tariffs
on imports of steel and aluminium.
Many of the United States' trading
partners say they're
considering retaliatory action.
China's steel industry has
called the move 'stupid'.
European Commission President
Jean-Claude Juncker says the EU
will will react in kind
if Trump goes ahead.
Meanwhile the World Trade
Organization say the potential
for escalation is real and a trade
war is in no one's interests.
Our Washington Correspondent,
Nick Bryant, has more.
Harley Davidson, Levi and bourbon,
why are they significant? Because
Harley Davidson is made in
Wisconsin, where the Republican
House Speaker Paul Ryan comes from
and a lot of bourbon comes from
Kentucky, the home state of Mitch
McConnell. It does seem to be very
carefully targeted retaliatory
strikes against Republicans, who
frankly are not supportive of this
move to invoke tariffs. Paul Ryan is
calling for a rethink, he once the
President to consider the unintended
consequences but in the face of
criticism is at home and abroad,
turmoil in the global market, Donald
Trump has said, bring it on. Trade
wars are good thing and they can
easily be one.
He is being very
vocal on Twitter, his favourite form
of communication and China is also
calling this a stupid idea.
really has been a mirage of
international criticism for this.
From countries like China and close
neighbours like Canada, Justin
Trudeau very critical, saying this
would be unacceptable. Even allies
who are pretty slavish in their
support, like Austria. They have
been critical as well. And there has
been criticism within America from
manufacturing organisations, the
automobile group saying this would
raise the cost of cars.
The Turkish authorities have now
confirmed that 41 of their soldiers
have been killed so far in fighting,
in the north Syrian region of Afrin.
It's been one of the bloodiest
days in this offensive
which is targeting Kurdish fighters,
known as the YPG.
Turkey considers the US-backed
Kurdish militia that controls much
of north-eastern Syria
a terrorist group.
The BBC has managed
to film from the Kurdish
side of the conflict -
as Richard Galpin now reports.
Night-time in Afrin province in
north-eastern Syria. And Turkish
jets are pounding the target, at a
checkpoint. Bewildered survivors
emerge out of the dark. And are
picked up by ambulances. They have
been part of a large convoy of
vehicles bringing food and fuel for
the people of Afrin city. There were
casualties, including teenagers. But
most people had managed to run to
safety just in time. We came here as
a peaceful convoy for our brothers
in Afrin, we had no weapons, but the
forces rained shells on us. We don't
want them here or anywhere in Syria.
This, the remnants of the convoy.
Since Turkey began its offensive
against Kurdish fighters in the area
in January, human rights groups say
more than 90 civilians have been
killed and hundreds injured,
including children. They described
this as indiscriminate attacks. The
Kurdish areas, marked in yellow,
light along much of the border with
Turkey. The Afrin pocket in the far
north-west of Syria is a current
focus of the Turkish offensive. But
there may also be a move on the key
city of Graham Beech to enter
Kurdish fighters are driven well
away from the Turkish border. The
Turkish government says it is
targeting a Kurdish group known as
the YPG because it poses a strategic
threat as it is linked to
insurgents, also Kurdish, based
inside Turkey. Already the fighting
has forced an estimated 15,000
people to leave their homes in
search of safety. Many here
traumatised by what they have
fled from his village. The elderly
being carried. It was terrifying. I
fear the village has been destroyed.
No one knows how long they could be
stuck here. Turkey says the
offensive will continue until it is
completely uprooted the YPG fighters
from the border regions.
Let's take a look at some of
the other stories making the news.
In the US, more than 2000 people
have been paying their respects
to the world-famous evangelist Billy
He died last week at the age of 99.
Both President Donald Trump
and his deputy, Mike Pence,
attended the funeral in Charlotte,
Protests have been taking place
across Slovakia over the killing
of an investigative journalist
and his fiancee.
Jan Kuciak's work alleged links
between the Italian Mafia
and figures close to
the prime minister.
Tens of thousands of people
took to the streets
of the capital Bratislava alone.
Britain's Prince Harry
and Meghan Markle will invite more
than 2,500 members of the public
to the grounds of Windsor Castle
for their wedding.
They'll be able to watch
the couple arrive and depart.
Charity workers and school
children will be among
those invited to attend.
Stay with us on BBC
World News, still to come...
The secret life of penguins -
we'll tell you about the thriving
colony of birds enjoying life off
the Antarctic peninsula.
First, the plates slipped off the
restaurant tables and the tables,
chairs and people crashed sideways
and downwards. It was just a matter
of seconds as the ferry lurched onto
The hydrogen bomb, on a
remote Pacific atoll, the Americans
successfully tested a weapon whose
explosive force dwarfed that of the
bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
heard the news earlier, my heart
went bang, bang.
rights of these marchers they are
the rights of the citizens of the US
and they should be protected, even
in the right to test them so they
don't get sent to hospital.
Does it worry
you that this will boil up? It
worries me, yes. Everything will be
all right in the end.
The British Prime Minister,
Theresa May, has denied
that she wants to cherry-pick
the best bits of EU membership,
in a major speech setting
out her vision for a post-Brexit
partnership with the bloc.
President Trump has tweeted that
trade wars can be good,
because his country is losing
billions of dollars
in existing deals.
Mr Trump announced tariffs
on imports of steel and aluminium
to the US yesterday.
referendums, populist politics
and every day people
questioning their place in the EU.
We could be talking about any number
of European countries but right now,
the focus is on Italy with voters
going to the polls this Sunday.
Numerous parties are running -
but there are three main groupings.
There are also some
very familiar faces.
On the centre-right Forza Italia
is headed by a very familiar face,
former Prime Minister Silvio
He can't become PM until 2019
because of a tax fraud conviction.
But, depending on the results,
he could very much be
a kingmaker if it came down
to forming a coalition.
But his euro-sceptic coalition ally,
Matteo Salvini leader of League
has his own ambitions for the role.
The 5 Star Movement,
led by 31-year old Luigi Di Maio,
is one of Europe's biggest populist
And then on the centre-left,
there's the governing
Democratic Party led by the former
Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi.
Our Rome correspondent,
James Reynolds, explains why
predictions are difficult
in Italy's elections.
It is made all the more difficult by
the fact that Italian laws says that
for the two weeks before the
election you cannot have an opinion
polls so we can talk about the
opinion polls but they may be out of
date. Those last opinion polls taken
two weeks ago suggested the
centre-right coalition organised by
Silvio Berlusconi might be the ones
closest to the finishing line but
they might fall short of that. Those
polls also suggested that the Five
Star Movement might be the biggest
single political movement after the
election but they have struggled to
form alliances, essentially there
are two things going on. Italians
themselves vote on Sunday. Then the
Italian politicians who have been
elected will almost discuss among
themselves who should take power.
And when those discussions take
place, there is no one better, with
more experience, and Silvio
And it was fascinating
to watch him at one of his final
events in Rome. Organising and
convening his coalition partners as
if he had been doing this for years,
as if he was the one pulling the
strings. He cannot be King, the law
says anyone with a major conviction
cannot take part in public office.
But he can be the kingmaker. That
will depend on the numbers that come
out of Sunday. If the centre-right
coalition does well, it might be
that he looks to build the
government without coalition, it may
be at Forza Italia tries to break
away to form a grand coalition with
the centre-left and maybe five star
gets close. So many may bes because
this is how politics you usually
In terms of the issues, what
is the main theme going through?
Immigration must be one of those?
will pick the other... Unemployment.
Going with yours, immigration has
become the key issue of this
campaign, in recent years more than
600,000 migrants have landed on
these shores from the Mediterranean,
not all of them have stayed but the
fact they have landed has changed
the way this country's debate
happens. The centre-right says
anyone who has come here illegally
should be deported. It appears they
have one strength in that. The other
issue is unemployment. Youth
unemployment in Italy is routinely
around 40% and there is a vast pool
of people who feel that Italy is not
listening to them. Those younger
people. It may be laid aside the
Five Star Movement, and
antiestablishment movement, is their
reporting from Rome. And BBC News
will be watching this race as it
unfolds, culminating with a special
programme right here on BBC World
News and the BBC News Channel as
well. That is Sunday at ten o'clock
in the evening.
There's no immediate end
in sight to the deep freeze
sweeping across Europe.
Heavy snowfall and deadly blizzards
will continue well into the weekend.
In parts of Eastern Croatia,
temperatures have plummeted
to minus 23 degrees.
The coastal Adriatic towns of Pula
and Split are covered in snow.
Though Thursday marked the first day
of the meteorological spring,
this morning was actually
the coldest this winter.
Italy remains stuck in sub-zero
temperatures, with snow blanketing
the cities of Bologna,
Venice and Florence.
The ice has left a number of major
roads blocked and caused disruption
to train and air travel.
Forecasters have warned that
conditions there aren't likely
to improve immediately.
This is the view overlooking
Westminster in London as the Houses
of Parliament and the London eye,
visible on a very cloudy night in
In the UK, Storm Emma has collided
with the Siberian cold snap,
resulting in disruption across much
of the country.
Amid the misery for many,
stuck in cars, on trains,
struggling into work,
there've also been stories of great
heroism and of those who've gone out
of their way to come
to the aid of others.
Sarah Campbell reports.
An out of control car ends
up on the wrong side
of this Edinburgh road.
A collision seems inevitable.
No, no, no, no!
That it didn't happen
is thanks to the quick
reactions of the bus driver.
To me, it looks worse on the video
then I felt at the time.
I did get a fright,
but I managed to avoid it,
luckily, and then I got
on with my job after that.
I totally forgot all about it
and my husband asked me if he had
seen this video when I got home.
He didn't know it
was me at the time.
Born in Balgedie in Fife,
midwives made it to help
with a delivery and villages cleared
roads to get the baby
safely to hospital.
Across the UK people have refused
to let the weather get in their way.
This paramedic is part
of a cycle response team
for the London Ambulance Service.
And stranded drivers on the A1
in Northumberland were treated
to cream cakes and muffins,
by a fellow motorist happen to be
a delivery driver for Greggs.
This businessman paid for 12 hotel
rooms he offered to homeless people.
You can't expect people
to be out in that, it's
I thought, for the sake of £22 it
get's peple off the streets.
Lewis Hine, a patient
at Great Ormond Street Hospital
tweeted his heartfelt thanks
to the staff who made him
his very own snowman.
And stuck in Skegness
without an event to go to,
the BBC's Concert Orchestra
offered their services as a wedding
gift to fellow hotel
guests on their big day.
When they started, it
took your breath away.
Oh, yeah, totally unexpected.
Amid freezing temperatures,
the warmth of human
kindness has resonated.
What a great end to the package.
That is turn away from the weather
and get the sports news. Lizzy is
here. Great Britain's Katarina
Johnson-Thompson has won her first
world title, taking gold in the
pentathlon in front of the home
crowd at the world Indoor
Championships in Birmingham. Feeling
by 33 points going into the final
event, the 800 metres, she had two
seconds in hand over her nearest
rival. She did not need that,
comfortably finishing first.
cannot believe it. To come here and
do this in my hometown is something
I dreamt of doing. All my family are
here today. I went through a hard
year last year towards the end of
the year and I wanted my family to
see me actually achieve something so
I am so happy they were here to
witness it. Every event. It is just
something that I still cannot
Meanwhile, in the
men's long jump, Cuba had the
longest jump to take gold, the best
jump of the 19-year-old 's career so
far added eight metres 46 it was one
of the best indoor long jumps in
history. Kristin Wilde has claimed
gold after a dramatic day in the
women's omnium. Elinor Barker was
one of several riders caught up in
this crash during the elimination
part of the event, she got back on
her bike and was in bronze position
heading into the final event. But
she could not manage to hold on,
finishing in sixth place overall,
nine points from the middle. Wild
claims referred for the Netherlands.
The first medal of the day was won
by Cameron Meyer from Australia,
defending his title in the points
race, winning by some distance to
take his ninth world title. The home
rider took silver with Britain's
Mark Stewart completing the podium.
Real Madrid's Luka Modric has been
charged with perjury in his native
country, Croatia. It relates to the
midfielder making statements that
the tax fraud trial of his former
manager. , did say he made a full
statement in June last year over
details of his transfer from Dynamo
Kyiv to Spurs in 2008, and found
guilty he could face up five years
in prison. Boxing's WBC heavyweight
champion says he could beat anybody
at any time ahead of his title
defence on Saturday. Wilder is much
lighter than his opponent, as we
reported from New York. All the
talking is done, both fighters made
way to the next time when they see
each other, to settle their
differences at the Berkeley centre.
Deontay Wilder looked more muscular
and athletic but Luis Ortiz has
never been athletic but he is very
gifted, he is a southpaw and
unbeaten professionally. It is
called the biggest test of Wilder's
career. He said onstage that he is
coming in lighter but the wait will
mean nothing, he would rather be the
part and look the part and there is
a lot riding on this for Wilder,
victory could secure a unification
fight against Anthony Joshua, the
biggest name at the moment. England
was by Jonny Bairstow says he has no
plans to follow his one-day
team-mates into playing solely
limited overs cricket. England face
New Zealand in the third match of
their one-day series in just under
four hours and Bairstow says he
wants to stay in the test side as
It is very much a personal
opinion, a personal decision. I will
not be playing solely white ball
cricket. For a long time. As I say,
it is an individual thing that
people have got to weigh up within
And that is all the
sport for now. Thank you.
Now to those who are definitely more
at home in the snow -
a colony of more than 1.5 million
penguins has been discovered off
the Antarctic Peninsula.
With little human activity
on the Danger Islands,
a so-called super-colony of Adelie
penguins is thriving.
Our science correspondent
Victoria Gill has more.
A bird's eye view of
a seabird super colony.
1.5 million Adelie penguins
are nesting here on the aptly
named Danger Islands,
just east of the
Satellite images captured almost
four years ago had indicated that
a large colony might be here.
But it was only when a team
of British and US scientists mounted
an expedition to the remote,
rocky islands that they
were able to carry out
at detailed penguin census.
along with aerial photography,
revealed the scale of
this wildlife haven.
I joined the same researchers
in Antarctica in 2016 and captured
just a snapshot of their decade
of wildlife monitoring
in this frozen landscape.
Work like this on the ground
in the Antarctic has revealed that
Adelie penguins on the west
of the peninsular are in decline,
so this discovery just 100 miles
away provides a vital clue
about a site that could be
a refuge for the birds.
And it might need more protection
from human activities like fishing.
One key to this island's vast
stable colony, researchers
say, is its sea ice.
As well as being a vital breeding
ground for the crustaceans,
or krill, that penguins rely on it
makes access to the island difficult
for fisheries and shipping.
There's already proposal
to make the Weddell Sea
around the Danger Islands
a marine protected area.
Views like this show just
what that could preserve.
Victoria Gill, BBC News.
A positive note to end the programme
on. We are on social media and there
is lots more online. Goodbye.