02/03/2018 World News Today


02/03/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Kasia Madera.

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Our top stories.

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Theresa May spells out what she

calls the hard facts of Brexit.

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In a major policy speech,

the British Prime Minister claims

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the UK and EU are now close

to a deal on the transition.

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President Trump insists the US can

easily win any trade wars sparked

0:00:240:00:27

by his decision to impose steep

tariffs on steel and

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aluminium imports.

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Italy prepares to go to the polls

on Sunday with the familiar face

0:00:300:00:34

of Silvio Berlusconi back

on the election trail.

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Severe weather continues to bring

chaos to large parts of Europe.

0:00:360:00:40

At least 59 people have died

in sub-zero temperatures.

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Hello and welcome.

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UK Prime Minister Theresa May

has outlined her vision

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of Britain's future relationship

with the European Union.

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She reiterated that the UK would not

be part of the EU's single

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market or customs union.

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Mrs May said both sides would have

to accept 'hard facts'

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and that no one would get

everything they wanted.

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The Prime Minister also warned

that the UK would have to pay money

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into some EU agencies

to maintain access to them.

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What a challenge. To set up

Britain's future relationship with

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the EU amid the political divisions

at home and profound scepticism

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abroad. Acknowledging possible

downsides to Brexit for the first

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time, she said Britain had to face

up to hard facts.

In certain ways

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our access to each other's markets

will be less than it is now. How

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could the EU structure of rights and

obligations be sustained if the UK

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or any country were allowed to enjoy

all the benefits without all of the

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obligations?

Mrs May is proposing a

profound separation from Europe, the

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so-called hard Brexit of leaving the

Customs Union and single market. But

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she says that should not stop there

being what she called a deep

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partnership in the future.

We should

not think of leaving the EU as

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marking an ending as much as a new

beginning for the UK and our

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relationship with our European

allies. Change is not to be feared.

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So long as they face it with a

clear-sighted determination to act

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for the common good.

As to domestic

reaction, her Beech has prompted

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calls for more detail from business,

which remains anxious about Brexit.

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And has strong cautious praise from

both the anti-and pro-European wings

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of governing Conservative Party. In

Europe, the EU chief negotiators

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said Mrs May was at last facing

reality but there would be

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trade-offs from Brexit. The European

Parliament's Brexit coordinator was

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more harsh, Mrs May, he tweeted, was

still being vague. It has been at a

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modulus week in the long-running

drama that is Brexit. But the

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opposition Labour Party coming out

in favour of closer ties with the

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EU. And two former Prime Minister --

Prime Minister 's morning of the

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dangers of leaving Europe and

pleading with politicians and voters

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alike to think again. The politician

left with carrying out the result of

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a referendum that has divided

Britain like no other issue in

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decades said the country was facing

a crucial moment. Thank you. Few

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would disagree. How was the speech

received on the continent? Here is

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Katya Adler.

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Here in Brussels it has been

rather muted and wary.

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The EU's chief Brexit negotiator,

Michel Barnier, took to Twitter

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to thank the Prime Minister

for her clarity and say that

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confirmation that the UK would be

leaving the single market

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and the customs union meant

that it was heading for a free-trade

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agreement with the EU.

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Privately, EU diplomats have praised

the Prime Minister's

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more realistic tone,

they said, admitting that both sides

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can't have exactly what they want.

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But they said they couldn't find

much new in her speech

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and they lamented the absence

of a workable solution, they said,

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to the Irish problem.

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Manfred Weber, he's very close

to Angela Merkel and a leader

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here in the European Parliament,

he said that the UK was still

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burying its head in the sand.

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Tonight we've got working groups

from all the 27 EU member states

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who are poring over detail

of the Prime Minister's speech.

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One diplomat said to me today

he hoped that he would find coded

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messages to the EU in Theresa May's

speech that would then become much

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clearer once they sit down again

at the negotiating table.

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He said something similar happened

with her last Brexit

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speech back in autumn.

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Katya Adler reporting. That has

turned to the US. -- let us turn.

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International stock markets have

fallen after President Trump's

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announcement of planned tariffs

on imports of steel and aluminium.

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Many of the United States' trading

partners say they're

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considering retaliatory action.

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China's steel industry has

called the move 'stupid'.

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European Commission President

Jean-Claude Juncker says the EU

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will will react in kind

if Trump goes ahead.

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Meanwhile the World Trade

Organization say the potential

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for escalation is real and a trade

war is in no one's interests.

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Our Washington Correspondent,

Nick Bryant, has more.

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Harley Davidson, Levi and bourbon,

why are they significant? Because

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Harley Davidson is made in

Wisconsin, where the Republican

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House Speaker Paul Ryan comes from

and a lot of bourbon comes from

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Kentucky, the home state of Mitch

McConnell. It does seem to be very

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carefully targeted retaliatory

strikes against Republicans, who

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frankly are not supportive of this

move to invoke tariffs. Paul Ryan is

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calling for a rethink, he once the

President to consider the unintended

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consequences but in the face of

criticism is at home and abroad,

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turmoil in the global market, Donald

Trump has said, bring it on. Trade

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wars are good thing and they can

easily be one.

He is being very

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vocal on Twitter, his favourite form

of communication and China is also

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calling this a stupid idea.

There

really has been a mirage of

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international criticism for this.

From countries like China and close

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neighbours like Canada, Justin

Trudeau very critical, saying this

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would be unacceptable. Even allies

who are pretty slavish in their

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support, like Austria. They have

been critical as well. And there has

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been criticism within America from

manufacturing organisations, the

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automobile group saying this would

raise the cost of cars.

Nick Bryant

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in Washington.

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The Turkish authorities have now

confirmed that 41 of their soldiers

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have been killed so far in fighting,

in the north Syrian region of Afrin.

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It's been one of the bloodiest

days in this offensive

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which is targeting Kurdish fighters,

known as the YPG.

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Turkey considers the US-backed

Kurdish militia that controls much

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of north-eastern Syria

a terrorist group.

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The BBC has managed

to film from the Kurdish

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side of the conflict -

as Richard Galpin now reports.

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Night-time in Afrin province in

north-eastern Syria. And Turkish

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jets are pounding the target, at a

checkpoint. Bewildered survivors

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emerge out of the dark. And are

picked up by ambulances. They have

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been part of a large convoy of

vehicles bringing food and fuel for

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the people of Afrin city. There were

casualties, including teenagers. But

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most people had managed to run to

safety just in time. We came here as

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a peaceful convoy for our brothers

in Afrin, we had no weapons, but the

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forces rained shells on us. We don't

want them here or anywhere in Syria.

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This, the remnants of the convoy.

Since Turkey began its offensive

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against Kurdish fighters in the area

in January, human rights groups say

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more than 90 civilians have been

killed and hundreds injured,

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including children. They described

this as indiscriminate attacks. The

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Kurdish areas, marked in yellow,

light along much of the border with

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Turkey. The Afrin pocket in the far

north-west of Syria is a current

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focus of the Turkish offensive. But

there may also be a move on the key

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city of Graham Beech to enter

Kurdish fighters are driven well

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away from the Turkish border. The

Turkish government says it is

0:09:060:09:12

targeting a Kurdish group known as

the YPG because it poses a strategic

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threat as it is linked to

insurgents, also Kurdish, based

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inside Turkey. Already the fighting

has forced an estimated 15,000

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people to leave their homes in

search of safety. Many here

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traumatised by what they have

witnessed. TRANSLATION:

Everyone had

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fled from his village. The elderly

being carried. It was terrifying. I

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fear the village has been destroyed.

No one knows how long they could be

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stuck here. Turkey says the

offensive will continue until it is

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completely uprooted the YPG fighters

from the border regions.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

0:10:040:10:12

In the US, more than 2000 people

have been paying their respects

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to the world-famous evangelist Billy

Graham.

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He died last week at the age of 99.

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Both President Donald Trump

and his deputy, Mike Pence,

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attended the funeral in Charlotte,

North Carolina.

0:10:210:10:24

Protests have been taking place

across Slovakia over the killing

0:10:240:10:26

of an investigative journalist

and his fiancee.

0:10:260:10:28

Jan Kuciak's work alleged links

between the Italian Mafia

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and figures close to

the prime minister.

0:10:300:10:35

Tens of thousands of people

took to the streets

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of the capital Bratislava alone.

0:10:370:10:42

Britain's Prince Harry

and Meghan Markle will invite more

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than 2,500 members of the public

to the grounds of Windsor Castle

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for their wedding.

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They'll be able to watch

the couple arrive and depart.

0:10:480:10:50

Charity workers and school

children will be among

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those invited to attend.

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Stay with us on BBC

World News, still to come...

0:10:550:10:59

The secret life of penguins -

we'll tell you about the thriving

0:10:590:11:03

colony of birds enjoying life off

the Antarctic peninsula.

0:11:030:11:09

First, the plates slipped off the

restaurant tables and the tables,

0:11:220:11:26

chairs and people crashed sideways

and downwards. It was just a matter

0:11:260:11:29

of seconds as the ferry lurched onto

the side.

The hydrogen bomb, on a

0:11:290:11:35

remote Pacific atoll, the Americans

successfully tested a weapon whose

0:11:350:11:40

explosive force dwarfed that of the

bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

Had they

0:11:400:11:45

heard the news earlier, my heart

went bang, bang.

The constitutional

0:11:450:11:53

rights of these marchers they are

the rights of the citizens of the US

0:11:530:11:59

and they should be protected, even

in the right to test them so they

0:11:590:12:02

don't get sent to hospital.

Religious controversy.

Does it worry

0:12:020:12:08

you that this will boil up? It

worries me, yes. Everything will be

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all right in the end.

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Welcome back.

0:12:250:12:27

The British Prime Minister,

Theresa May, has denied

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that she wants to cherry-pick

the best bits of EU membership,

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in a major speech setting

out her vision for a post-Brexit

0:12:320:12:35

partnership with the bloc.

0:12:350:12:38

President Trump has tweeted that

trade wars can be good,

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because his country is losing

billions of dollars

0:12:400:12:42

in existing deals.

0:12:420:12:45

Mr Trump announced tariffs

on imports of steel and aluminium

0:12:450:12:48

to the US yesterday.

0:12:480:12:51

Immigration, independence

referendums, populist politics

0:12:510:12:53

and every day people

questioning their place in the EU.

0:12:530:12:58

We could be talking about any number

of European countries but right now,

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the focus is on Italy with voters

going to the polls this Sunday.

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Numerous parties are running -

but there are three main groupings.

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There are also some

very familiar faces.

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On the centre-right Forza Italia

is headed by a very familiar face,

0:13:110:13:14

former Prime Minister Silvio

Berlusconi.

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He can't become PM until 2019

because of a tax fraud conviction.

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But, depending on the results,

he could very much be

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a kingmaker if it came down

to forming a coalition.

0:13:250:13:29

But his euro-sceptic coalition ally,

Matteo Salvini leader of League

0:13:290:13:32

has his own ambitions for the role.

0:13:320:13:34

The 5 Star Movement,

led by 31-year old Luigi Di Maio,

0:13:340:13:37

is one of Europe's biggest populist

movements.

0:13:370:13:40

And then on the centre-left,

there's the governing

0:13:400:13:42

Democratic Party led by the former

Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi.

0:13:420:13:47

Our Rome correspondent,

James Reynolds, explains why

0:13:470:13:49

predictions are difficult

in Italy's elections.

0:13:490:13:56

It is made all the more difficult by

the fact that Italian laws says that

0:13:560:14:00

for the two weeks before the

election you cannot have an opinion

0:14:000:14:04

polls so we can talk about the

opinion polls but they may be out of

0:14:040:14:07

date. Those last opinion polls taken

two weeks ago suggested the

0:14:070:14:13

centre-right coalition organised by

Silvio Berlusconi might be the ones

0:14:130:14:16

closest to the finishing line but

they might fall short of that. Those

0:14:160:14:19

polls also suggested that the Five

Star Movement might be the biggest

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single political movement after the

election but they have struggled to

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form alliances, essentially there

are two things going on. Italians

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themselves vote on Sunday. Then the

Italian politicians who have been

0:14:340:14:38

elected will almost discuss among

themselves who should take power.

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And when those discussions take

place, there is no one better, with

0:14:430:14:47

more experience, and Silvio

Berlusconi?

And it was fascinating

0:14:470:14:51

to watch him at one of his final

events in Rome. Organising and

0:14:510:14:56

convening his coalition partners as

if he had been doing this for years,

0:14:560:14:59

as if he was the one pulling the

strings. He cannot be King, the law

0:14:590:15:04

says anyone with a major conviction

cannot take part in public office.

0:15:040:15:08

But he can be the kingmaker. That

will depend on the numbers that come

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out of Sunday. If the centre-right

coalition does well, it might be

0:15:140:15:17

that he looks to build the

government without coalition, it may

0:15:170:15:22

be at Forza Italia tries to break

away to form a grand coalition with

0:15:220:15:26

the centre-left and maybe five star

gets close. So many may bes because

0:15:260:15:31

this is how politics you usually

works.

In terms of the issues, what

0:15:310:15:37

is the main theme going through?

Immigration must be one of those?

I

0:15:370:15:42

will pick the other... Unemployment.

Going with yours, immigration has

0:15:420:15:49

become the key issue of this

campaign, in recent years more than

0:15:490:15:52

600,000 migrants have landed on

these shores from the Mediterranean,

0:15:520:15:57

not all of them have stayed but the

fact they have landed has changed

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the way this country's debate

happens. The centre-right says

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anyone who has come here illegally

should be deported. It appears they

0:16:040:16:07

have one strength in that. The other

issue is unemployment. Youth

0:16:070:16:13

unemployment in Italy is routinely

around 40% and there is a vast pool

0:16:130:16:18

of people who feel that Italy is not

listening to them. Those younger

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people. It may be laid aside the

Five Star Movement, and

0:16:210:16:27

antiestablishment movement, is their

natural home.

James Reynolds

0:16:270:16:32

reporting from Rome. And BBC News

will be watching this race as it

0:16:320:16:35

unfolds, culminating with a special

programme right here on BBC World

0:16:350:16:40

News and the BBC News Channel as

well. That is Sunday at ten o'clock

0:16:400:16:44

in the evening.

0:16:440:16:47

There's no immediate end

in sight to the deep freeze

0:16:470:16:49

sweeping across Europe.

0:16:490:16:50

Heavy snowfall and deadly blizzards

will continue well into the weekend.

0:16:500:16:53

In parts of Eastern Croatia,

temperatures have plummeted

0:16:530:16:54

to minus 23 degrees.

0:16:550:16:59

The coastal Adriatic towns of Pula

and Split are covered in snow.

0:16:590:17:03

Though Thursday marked the first day

of the meteorological spring,

0:17:030:17:08

this morning was actually

the coldest this winter.

0:17:080:17:12

Italy remains stuck in sub-zero

temperatures, with snow blanketing

0:17:120:17:15

the cities of Bologna,

Venice and Florence.

0:17:150:17:19

The ice has left a number of major

roads blocked and caused disruption

0:17:190:17:22

to train and air travel.

0:17:220:17:24

Forecasters have warned that

conditions there aren't likely

0:17:240:17:26

to improve immediately.

0:17:260:17:31

This is the view overlooking

Westminster in London as the Houses

0:17:310:17:33

of Parliament and the London eye,

visible on a very cloudy night in

0:17:330:17:39

the capital.

0:17:390:17:42

In the UK, Storm Emma has collided

with the Siberian cold snap,

0:17:420:17:45

resulting in disruption across much

of the country.

0:17:450:17:47

Amid the misery for many,

stuck in cars, on trains,

0:17:470:17:49

struggling into work,

there've also been stories of great

0:17:490:17:51

heroism and of those who've gone out

of their way to come

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to the aid of others.

0:17:540:17:55

Sarah Campbell reports.

0:17:550:17:58

An out of control car ends

up on the wrong side

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of this Edinburgh road.

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A collision seems inevitable.

0:18:070:18:08

No, no, no, no!

0:18:080:18:09

That it didn't happen

is thanks to the quick

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reactions of the bus driver.

0:18:120:18:14

To me, it looks worse on the video

then I felt at the time.

0:18:140:18:18

I did get a fright,

but I managed to avoid it,

0:18:180:18:20

luckily, and then I got

on with my job after that.

0:18:200:18:26

I totally forgot all about it

and my husband asked me if he had

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seen this video when I got home.

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He didn't know it

was me at the time.

0:18:310:18:37

Born in Balgedie in Fife,

midwives made it to help

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with a delivery and villages cleared

roads to get the baby

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safely to hospital.

0:18:420:18:46

Across the UK people have refused

to let the weather get in their way.

0:18:460:18:50

This paramedic is part

of a cycle response team

0:18:500:18:53

for the London Ambulance Service.

0:18:530:18:57

And stranded drivers on the A1

in Northumberland were treated

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to cream cakes and muffins,

by a fellow motorist happen to be

0:19:000:19:03

a delivery driver for Greggs.

0:19:030:19:07

This businessman paid for 12 hotel

rooms he offered to homeless people.

0:19:070:19:13

You can't expect people

to be out in that, it's

0:19:130:19:16

life-threatening conditions,

I thought, for the sake of £22 it

0:19:160:19:19

get's peple off the streets.

0:19:200:19:22

Lewis Hine, a patient

at Great Ormond Street Hospital

0:19:220:19:24

tweeted his heartfelt thanks

to the staff who made him

0:19:240:19:27

his very own snowman.

0:19:270:19:32

And stuck in Skegness

without an event to go to,

0:19:320:19:36

the BBC's Concert Orchestra

offered their services as a wedding

0:19:360:19:40

gift to fellow hotel

guests on their big day.

0:19:400:19:43

When they started, it

took your breath away.

0:19:430:19:45

Oh, yeah, totally unexpected.

0:19:450:19:50

Amid freezing temperatures,

the warmth of human

0:19:500:19:52

kindness has resonated.

0:19:520:19:59

What a great end to the package.

That is turn away from the weather

0:20:040:20:08

and get the sports news. Lizzy is

here. Great Britain's Katarina

0:20:080:20:14

Johnson-Thompson has won her first

world title, taking gold in the

0:20:140:20:18

pentathlon in front of the home

crowd at the world Indoor

0:20:180:20:21

Championships in Birmingham. Feeling

by 33 points going into the final

0:20:210:20:25

event, the 800 metres, she had two

seconds in hand over her nearest

0:20:250:20:29

rival. She did not need that,

comfortably finishing first.

I

0:20:290:20:34

cannot believe it. To come here and

do this in my hometown is something

0:20:340:20:41

I dreamt of doing. All my family are

here today. I went through a hard

0:20:410:20:47

year last year towards the end of

the year and I wanted my family to

0:20:470:20:51

see me actually achieve something so

I am so happy they were here to

0:20:510:20:54

witness it. Every event. It is just

something that I still cannot

0:20:540:20:59

believe, really.

Meanwhile, in the

men's long jump, Cuba had the

0:20:590:21:08

longest jump to take gold, the best

jump of the 19-year-old 's career so

0:21:080:21:14

far added eight metres 46 it was one

of the best indoor long jumps in

0:21:140:21:17

history. Kristin Wilde has claimed

gold after a dramatic day in the

0:21:170:21:22

women's omnium. Elinor Barker was

one of several riders caught up in

0:21:220:21:28

this crash during the elimination

part of the event, she got back on

0:21:280:21:32

her bike and was in bronze position

heading into the final event. But

0:21:320:21:36

she could not manage to hold on,

finishing in sixth place overall,

0:21:360:21:40

nine points from the middle. Wild

claims referred for the Netherlands.

0:21:400:21:46

The first medal of the day was won

by Cameron Meyer from Australia,

0:21:460:21:50

defending his title in the points

race, winning by some distance to

0:21:500:21:53

take his ninth world title. The home

rider took silver with Britain's

0:21:530:21:59

Mark Stewart completing the podium.

Real Madrid's Luka Modric has been

0:21:590:22:04

charged with perjury in his native

country, Croatia. It relates to the

0:22:040:22:08

midfielder making statements that

the tax fraud trial of his former

0:22:080:22:11

manager. , did say he made a full

statement in June last year over

0:22:110:22:16

details of his transfer from Dynamo

Kyiv to Spurs in 2008, and found

0:22:160:22:23

guilty he could face up five years

in prison. Boxing's WBC heavyweight

0:22:230:22:30

champion says he could beat anybody

at any time ahead of his title

0:22:300:22:33

defence on Saturday. Wilder is much

lighter than his opponent, as we

0:22:330:22:41

reported from New York. All the

talking is done, both fighters made

0:22:410:22:46

way to the next time when they see

each other, to settle their

0:22:460:22:51

differences at the Berkeley centre.

Deontay Wilder looked more muscular

0:22:510:22:54

and athletic but Luis Ortiz has

never been athletic but he is very

0:22:540:23:00

gifted, he is a southpaw and

unbeaten professionally. It is

0:23:000:23:03

called the biggest test of Wilder's

career. He said onstage that he is

0:23:030:23:07

coming in lighter but the wait will

mean nothing, he would rather be the

0:23:070:23:12

part and look the part and there is

a lot riding on this for Wilder,

0:23:120:23:17

victory could secure a unification

fight against Anthony Joshua, the

0:23:170:23:21

biggest name at the moment. England

was by Jonny Bairstow says he has no

0:23:210:23:25

plans to follow his one-day

team-mates into playing solely

0:23:250:23:31

limited overs cricket. England face

New Zealand in the third match of

0:23:310:23:35

their one-day series in just under

four hours and Bairstow says he

0:23:350:23:38

wants to stay in the test side as

well.

It is very much a personal

0:23:380:23:42

opinion, a personal decision. I will

not be playing solely white ball

0:23:420:23:47

cricket. For a long time. As I say,

it is an individual thing that

0:23:470:23:54

people have got to weigh up within

themselves.

And that is all the

0:23:540:23:58

sport for now. Thank you.

0:23:580:24:01

Now to those who are definitely more

at home in the snow -

0:24:010:24:05

a colony of more than 1.5 million

penguins has been discovered off

0:24:050:24:07

the Antarctic Peninsula.

0:24:070:24:09

With little human activity

on the Danger Islands,

0:24:090:24:12

a so-called super-colony of Adelie

penguins is thriving.

0:24:120:24:18

Our science correspondent

Victoria Gill has more.

0:24:180:24:19

A bird's eye view of

a seabird super colony.

0:24:190:24:21

1.5 million Adelie penguins

are nesting here on the aptly

0:24:210:24:25

named Danger Islands,

just east of the

0:24:250:24:27

Antarctic Peninsula.

0:24:270:24:30

Satellite images captured almost

four years ago had indicated that

0:24:300:24:34

a large colony might be here.

0:24:340:24:36

But it was only when a team

of British and US scientists mounted

0:24:360:24:39

an expedition to the remote,

rocky islands that they

0:24:390:24:41

were able to carry out

at detailed penguin census.

0:24:410:24:46

Painstaking headcounts,

along with aerial photography,

0:24:460:24:48

revealed the scale of

this wildlife haven.

0:24:480:24:53

I joined the same researchers

in Antarctica in 2016 and captured

0:24:530:24:55

just a snapshot of their decade

of wildlife monitoring

0:24:550:24:59

in this frozen landscape.

0:24:590:25:01

Work like this on the ground

in the Antarctic has revealed that

0:25:010:25:04

Adelie penguins on the west

of the peninsular are in decline,

0:25:040:25:07

so this discovery just 100 miles

away provides a vital clue

0:25:070:25:12

about a site that could be

a refuge for the birds.

0:25:120:25:16

And it might need more protection

from human activities like fishing.

0:25:160:25:20

One key to this island's vast

stable colony, researchers

0:25:200:25:23

say, is its sea ice.

0:25:230:25:26

As well as being a vital breeding

ground for the crustaceans,

0:25:260:25:29

or krill, that penguins rely on it

makes access to the island difficult

0:25:290:25:32

for fisheries and shipping.

0:25:330:25:35

There's already proposal

to make the Weddell Sea

0:25:350:25:37

around the Danger Islands

a marine protected area.

0:25:370:25:41

Views like this show just

what that could preserve.

0:25:410:25:43

Victoria Gill, BBC News.

0:25:440:25:47

A positive note to end the programme

on. We are on social media and there

0:25:510:25:55

is lots more online. Goodbye.

0:25:550:26:00

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