03/03/2018 World News Today


03/03/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

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Our top stories:

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It's a change that could

revolutionise football. Video

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assistant referees are set to be

used at the World Cup in Russia.

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President Trump says he will tax

European car imports in the latest

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spat over trade.

The Philippines government warned

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her not to investigate alleged

police killings but this UN

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investigator says she will not be

intimidated.

The threats have been

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misogynist and sexualised but they

will not silence me.

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And on the eve of the Oscars -

we look at how film

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schools are trying to cut

out gender discrimination.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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In one of the biggest shake-ups

in football for years,

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it looks like the World Cup

in Russia will use video technology

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to assist referees.

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The system, known as VAR,

lets referees review controversial

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incidents like disputed

goals or penalties.

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The body which sets the rules

for world football has voted

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to approve it after a series

of top-level trials -

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even though some of the decisions

have proved controversial.

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Here's our sports news

reporter Richard Conway.

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From Diego Maradona's hand of God

to injustice in the biggest games.

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Football has long opposed technology

to help officials make

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the important decisions.

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But after an historic vote,

all that has changed,

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with video assistant referees,

or VAR, as it's known,

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finally given the go-ahead.

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VAR is good for football,

it's good for refereeing.

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It brings more fairness in the game.

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And for these reasons

we have decided to approve.

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VAR will be used to correct

errors relating to goals,

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penalties, straight red cards

and mistaken identity.

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Nearly 1000 games have formed part

of a two-year VAR experiment.

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Tottenham's match against Rochdale

last week was included in the trial

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but was criticised given lengthy

delays while the referee

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reviewed incidents,

leading to claims

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technology is killing the atmosphere

and pace of the match.

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But one of the architects

of the new system told me

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there is evidence video

assistants are working.

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On clear error situations,

the accuracy of the referee

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decisions went from,

initially, 93% up to around 99%.

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Of course there are grey areas where

an incident could be a penalty,

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could not be a penalty,

and they will always

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remain grey areas.

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VAR will almost certainly now be

used at the summer's World Cup

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although some Premier League clubs

have opted to delay its

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implementation. Lawmakers say there

is still work to be done.

How to

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maintain this spectacle has to be

worked on but we also need the

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confidence to sell it to people. It

is a small change to make a big

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difference.

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Football's leaders want to eliminate

game-changing mistakes but as

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the trials have shown,

anyone who thinks technology

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is going to stop controversy may

want to think again.

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With us now is Richard Jolly,

football writer for the Guardian,

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ESPN, and others.

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He joins me from Bolton

in north-west England.

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What do you think, good thing or a

bad thing?

I think on balance a good

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thing. In this country the trial has

not gone entirely swimmingly and

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there are a lot of doubters but the

survey they conducted as not just

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been based on England but a lot more

games, it has been trialled in Italy

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and Germany and in the

Confederations Cup and they say it

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is between 93% and 99% success rate

using VAR on big decisions and I

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think technology has been coming for

a while and once it comes, it

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doesn't get removed, it is just

where you implement it.

The data

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seems to point in that direction, it

would remove some of those infamous

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injustices, you might think back

tonight 1986 and Diego Maradona and

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the hand of God but doesn't take the

emotion out of the game, the speed

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at the heart of it?

It has done to

some other degree in some trials in

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this country and the critics include

football managers, Mauricio

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Pochettino said that after the

Tottenham game last week,

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Huddersfield manager David Wagoner

said that after VAR was used in

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their game against Manchester

United, even though it benefited

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their team so the crucial thing in

that respect is the time it takes

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because we have seen games where we

had about eight minutes added onto

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the first half in the Tottenham and

Rochdale games and the Liverpool

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West Brom game, which is far too

many, so we need those decisions to

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be made quicker and referees and VAR

officials to be clearer about what

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they reviewed rather than taking

time out of the game where it

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doesn't need to be taken.

Would it

be better if we could hear the

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conversations going on? May be part

of the frustration is that there is

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this silence while people wait while

the referee puts his finger to his

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ear. If we could hear what is going

on with that make it better?

I think

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it would. Fans are looking for

greater understanding. In rugby we

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hear referees talking and that helps

understand the decisions. The other

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thing, which people seem to

understand, is that there needs to

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be communication with fans in the

stadium so they know quite a

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decision has been made because at

the moment we have not had that.

I'm

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sorry to interrupt you but we're up

against a clock of our own, but we

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appreciate your thoughts. Thank you.

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Donald Trump has stepped up his war

of words over trade tariffs.

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He's now threatened to slap

a tax on car imports

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from the European Union.

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It follows Mr Trump's call for heavy

tariffs on foreign steel -

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a move that's been criticised

by world leaders.

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Chris Buckler reports

from Washington.

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Steel is essential

to America's economy.

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But inside the US for many years,

it has been an industry in decline.

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President Trump

blames cheap imports.

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Our trade

blames cheap imports.

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Our trade deficit

blames cheap imports.

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Our trade deficit essentially

blames cheap imports.

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Our trade deficit essentially equals

blames cheap imports.

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Our trade deficit essentially equals

the cumulative trade surplus of the

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rest of the world and that is no

longer acceptable.

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However, his solution of new tariffs

has sparked fears of a trade war

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and led to increasingly heated

language from many of America's

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trading partners, including

China, Mexico and Canada.

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We are impressing upon the American

administration, the unacceptable

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nature of these proposals that

are going to hurt them every

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bit as much as they will hurt us

and we are confident

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The president announced his plan

for 25% tariffs for steel

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and 10% for aluminium at a meeting

with industry executives

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but it came as a surprise to many.

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Apparently, including some

inside the White House

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where details of the policy

are still being worked out.

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European leaders made a point

of singling out the most

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American of products.

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TRANSLATION:

We will impose

tariffs on Harley-Davidson,

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on bourbon, on blue jeans,

Levis blue jeans.

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This is, well, highly regrettable.

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We are not en route

to start trade wars.

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We would like to have a reasonable

relationship with the United States

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of America but we cannot simply

bury our head in the sand.

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President Trump himself doesn't

seem worried, tweeting,

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trade wars are good and easy to win.

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Words probably not intended

for the international community,

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but instead communities

in the former industrial heartland

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of the US where some

old steel mills lie derelict.

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It was here President Trump found

huge support with his

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America first message.

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However, it's the modern supply

steel that worries many businesses

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here as well as abroad.

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After some time, given the

plaintiffs will exert on the US

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economy, he will have to back down.

Is it tomorrow or six months or a

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year from now? I don't know.

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They are concerned.

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Their costs will rise with tariffs

and that could prove to be the hard

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truth of this protectionist policy.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

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Thousands of UK homes

are still without electricity,

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and motorists and rail passengers

face continuing disruption,

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as the UK struggles

with the bitter weather.

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Snow drifts are blocking some major

roads and many rural

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communities remain cut off.

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The US Secret Service says

a man is reported to have

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shot himself outside

the White House in Washington.

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No-one else was injured

in the incident.

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President Trump is currently away,

at his Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida.

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The funeral has taken place

in Slovakia of the murdered

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investigative journalist Jan Kuciak.

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Hundreds of mourners

attended the ceremony

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in the village of Stiavnik,

a day after the burial

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of his fiancee who was shot

dead at the same time.

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Mr Kuciak's last article focused

on alleged ties between

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the Italian mafia and officials.

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The government of the Philippines

has warned the United Nations'

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special rapporteur on human rights

not to try to investigate

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alleged abuses.

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A presidential spokesman claimed

Agnes Callamard was biased.

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Activists say President Rodrigo

Duterte's war on drugs has killed

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as many as 12,000 people.

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A little earlier I spoke

to Agnes Callamard who gave me

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her reaction to the government's

comments.

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They have made those comments for a

while now. It has become more

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threatening in recent days, probably

as a reaction to the human rights

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Council happening in Geneva now. The

threats have included throwing me

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into a river with fish and threats

have been very sexist, misogynist,

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sexualised, the unacceptable and we

should not normalise this kind of

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language but one thing is for sure,

they will not silence me.

The

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government in Manila say they don't

want to be prejudged and in

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reference to that they are talking

about your comments about

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extrajudicial killings that you have

made in the past. You accept that

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you have to some extent made your

mind up on what is going on in the

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Philippines?

Absolutely not, I

always referred to as alleged

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executions. I have spoken about the

numerous allegations I have

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received, including here in Geneva

through numerous communications from

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the Philippines. I have not shown

any bias, I have responded to my

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mandate which is to call on the

government to provide information

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about how they deal with those

allegations, what investigations

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they have undertaken. As far as I

know there has been no impartial

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official investigation into the

12,000 killings that they have

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admitted, they have admitted about

4000 killings. I have not received

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any investment -- any information

about investigations they have

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taken. All my questions have been

based on the UN human rights

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standard. They are not about bias is

but about asking the government to

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provide me with the information that

I am entitled to ask them.

If you

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are not allowed to go in your

official capacity, where does that

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leave the investigation? What can

you do?

Beside me there are a number

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of other mechanisms. We need to

highlight the fact that the

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International Criminal Court

announced it would take a

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preliminary investigation into those

killings on the basis that they may

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amount to crimes against humanity. A

number of member states have called

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on the UN to undertake an

investigation into those

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extrajudicial alleged killings.

The

UN investigator determined to probe

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killings in the Philippines.

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Still to come...

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The results of the top matches as

Liverpool take on Newcastle.

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First the plate slid gently off

restaurant tables, then the tables

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chairs and people crashed sideways

and downwards. It was just a matter

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of seconds as the ferry lurched onto

its side.

On the remote Pacific

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atoll, the Americans have

successfully tested a weapon whose

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explosive force dwarfed that of the

bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

I had

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heard the news earlier, it went

bang.

The constitutional rights of

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the citizens of the United States

should be tested, so they don't get

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their heads broken.

Does it bother

you?

It does bother me but I think

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we will be all right.

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Welcome back. This is BBC World News

today.

0:15:310:15:40

A change that could

revolutionise football.

0:15:400:15:41

Video assistant

referees are set to be

0:15:410:15:43

used at the World Cup in Russia.

0:15:430:15:44

President Trump says he will tax

European car imports in

0:15:440:15:47

the latest spat over trade.

0:15:470:15:51

The world's biggest investment

management firm is stepping up

0:15:510:15:53

pressure on companies that make

and sell guns after

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the Florida school shooting.

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BlackRock says it may offer

investors the choice of

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not investing in gun firms.

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It follows the decision by a number

of companies to reduce their links

0:16:010:16:04

to the arms industry.

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With me for more on this

is Catherine Howarth.

0:16:090:16:12

Catherine is the CEO

of Share Action, that promotes

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responsible investment

to serve communities.

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Is this actually new? Blackrock and

many other companies offer are

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screened protected funds, ethical

funds.

It is new Baker's Blackrock

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are saying that in addition to

providing consumers of its

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investment product with a chance to

invest without buying gun companies,

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it will use its large shareholder

power to push those companies to

0:16:470:16:53

adopt more responsible practices and

that is fantastic because Blackrock

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is the biggest fund manager in the

world, probably the most powerful

0:16:570:17:02

company because it holds the shares

in every other company in every

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sector, and earlier this year the

CEO, Larry Fink, wrote to all the

0:17:090:17:15

companies in their portfolio saying,

we expect you to show how you make a

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positive contribution to society,

then along comes this latest

0:17:210:17:25

shocking event in February, 17

children mown down, and BC Blackrock

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saying, we will be an active

shareholder and will have a dialogue

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with these companies and we have the

voting power to back that up, so

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that is a very positive development.

A huge Wall Street company, does it

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affect that muscle?

Blackrock has

been very cautious about using its

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power but it recognises that

consumers want that. Especially in

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the case of gun control, but many

social issues, we are seeing

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deadlocked politically and we

realise we can vote with our money

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and in so far as our pension funds

and investment funds have holdings

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in the company is doing things we're

not happy about, there is a chance

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to make a positive difference.

Do

you think it is time for activist

0:18:230:18:29

investors to try to invest in gun

companies and affect change

0:18:290:18:35

internally?

That would be an

interesting development. If there

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are shareholder resolutions, then

Blackrock will have an interesting

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question on how they cast their

votes at those resolutions.

It has

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been good talking to you.

0:18:530:18:59

Let's get the sport now.

0:18:590:19:00

Mo Salah scored for a seventh game

in a row to help Liverpool go second

0:19:000:19:04

in the Premier League.

0:19:040:19:05

They beat Newcastle and their former

boss Rafa Benitez 2-0 at Anfield.

0:19:050:19:08

Liverpool had to wait until the 40th

minute to make a breakthrough thanks

0:19:080:19:11

to Salah's 31st goal of the season.

0:19:110:19:13

-- 32nd.

0:19:130:19:14

Sadio Mane doubled the scoreline

early in the second half.

0:19:140:19:16

The defeat and other

results see Newcastle slip

0:19:160:19:18

to 16th in the table,

two points above

0:19:180:19:19

the relegation zone.

0:19:200:19:27

You always try to improve things

when you see them but you have

0:19:270:19:30

to score in the right moment

and keep a clean sheet,

0:19:300:19:33

so 2-0 is a fantastic result,

if you asked me two weeks ago

0:19:330:19:37

what I wished for against West Ham

and Newcastle I would say twice 1-0

0:19:370:19:40

so I will buy it immediately.

0:19:400:19:45

So now it is even better, completely

happy.

0:19:450:19:51

Burnley had their first win since

December, beating Everton. Adelaide

0:19:510:19:56

Riyad Mahrez equaliser gave

Leicester a win at Bournemouth. -- a

0:19:560:20:02

draw. Swansea are up to 13th, rising

four places because of their win

0:20:020:20:11

against West Ham. West Brom at the

bottom off the table, they lost at

0:20:110:20:16

Watford. Juventus have reduced the

gap to leaders Napoli to just one

0:20:160:20:24

points. Napoli lost 3-1 at home to

third placed Roma. Juventus will

0:20:240:20:33

have a game in hand once Napoli

finished so just a point against the

0:20:330:20:39

top two. Real Madrid are hoping to

bounce back from their latest defeat

0:20:390:20:44

in La Liga. Sevilla beat Atletico

Bilbao 2-0, one of the highlights

0:20:440:20:56

from Spain. And plenty of eyes on

Brooklyn for the fight between Dion

0:20:560:21:01

tape welder and Luis Ortiz of Cuba.

One of them will be British fighter

0:21:010:21:11

Anthony Joshua, who if he wins his

own boat later in the month will

0:21:110:21:15

face the winner.

Nobody that he has

faced has been like me, ready to

0:21:150:21:23

knock his head off and do all the

things I am ready to do and he knows

0:21:230:21:29

that and when you're knocking

everyone off like that, you will

0:21:290:21:33

have concerns as a fighter.

Australia have taken control of the

0:21:330:21:39

first test against South Africa in

Durban.

0:21:390:21:46

The visitors have taken

a substantial lead.

0:21:460:21:50

A half century from opener

Cameron Bancroft helped the tourists

0:21:500:21:52

take that lead beyond the 400 mark.

0:21:520:21:54

Captain Steve Smith also

chipping in South Africa

0:21:540:21:56

with a mountain to climb,

Australia finishing the day

0:21:560:21:58

on 213-9, a lead of 402 runs.

0:21:580:22:00

England have taken a 2-1 lead

in their best of five ODI series

0:22:000:22:03

with New Zealand after a thrilling

match in Wellington.

0:22:030:22:05

The hosts set just 235 for victory

and despite a century

0:22:050:22:08

from their captain Kane Williamson,

the Black Caps struggled to get

0:22:080:22:10

on top of the run rate

after a middle order collapse.

0:22:100:22:13

Game three is in Dunedin on

Wednesday.

0:22:130:22:17

Marcel Hirscher has won the men's

World Cup giant slalom title

0:22:170:22:20

with a race to spare

at Kranjska Gora in Slovenia.

0:22:200:22:22

The Olympic giant slalom champion

from Austria dominated

0:22:220:22:24

the penultimate event of the season

giving him an unbeatable 125-point

0:22:240:22:27

in the standings over Norwegian

rival Henrik Kristoffersen.

0:22:270:22:30

It was Hirscher's fourth

successive giant slalom

0:22:300:22:32

title and fifth in total.

0:22:320:22:33

Only Ingemar Stenmark won

the trophy more times - eight.

0:22:330:22:38

And that's all the sport for now.

0:22:380:22:42

Thank you, Hugh.

0:22:420:22:45

Whoever is victorious

at the Oscars in Sunday,

0:22:450:22:47

there's no doubt the ceremony

will very different

0:22:470:22:48

to previous years.

0:22:490:22:50

The exposure of Harvey Weinstein

and the MeToo campaign

0:22:500:22:52

have seen to that.

0:22:520:22:55

Will Gompertz has been

to talk to young artists

0:22:550:22:57

and technicians to find out how

they view the future.

0:22:570:23:05

I just have to figure out how I see

this...

We are on set with a group

0:23:050:23:13

of postgraduate students from the

USC School of cinematic arts in Los

0:23:130:23:18

Angeles. They are making a film for

The Post Harvey Weinstein Iraq,

0:23:180:23:24

exploring how an encounter between

an aspiring actress and a milk

0:23:240:23:30

producer results in lines being

crossed.

I have plenty of stories of

0:23:300:23:35

my own work in Hollywood that are in

line with the me to movement and I

0:23:350:23:46

wanted to, that's the area I know

most about so I wanted to put a

0:23:460:23:50

story in the business I know most

about.

Do you think things are

0:23:500:23:55

changing?

I'm cautiously optimistic.

I think the pendulum has swung in

0:23:550:24:04

the other direction and needs to

find its way to the middle where we

0:24:040:24:08

can make some significant change

because right now it's sort of, you

0:24:080:24:13

know... It's a bit of a panic

situation.

At this point what

0:24:130:24:26

worries me is still people being

judged for speaking out because it's

0:24:260:24:31

such a grey area and because you

don't want to build a bad reputation

0:24:310:24:35

when you're starting your career,

especially because it's such a

0:24:350:24:41

financially risky industry to go

into. If you say the wrong thing or

0:24:410:24:46

paint something in the wrong light,

that jeopardises your well-being and

0:24:460:24:53

that is scary. How do you change

that? We're trying to figure that

0:24:530:24:57

out.

All this stuff is happening as

we speak. How long will it take to

0:24:570:25:08

turn it around?

Probably a while. I

would hope that by the time my

0:25:080:25:19

career is ending that it would be

maybe a little more equal but I'm

0:25:190:25:25

not sure if that's realistic.

So you

think it's at least a 40 year

0:25:250:25:31

turnaround.

I think so.

The Times up

campaigners will not be happy with

0:25:310:25:39

that. They are lobbying for equal

male and female representation on

0:25:390:25:45

film sets within two years and that

will require some serious action.

0:25:450:25:54

And we are at the Oscars on Sunday,

so tune in for full coverage. You've

0:25:540:26:00

been watching BBC World News today.

0:26:000:26:02

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