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This is BBC World News Today.
Our top stories:
The Trump administration says it's
given no concessions to North Korea
over the agreement on a summit
with Kim Jong Un.
South Korea's President thanks
Donald Trump for accepting
the offer, but could it prove to be
a false dawn?
Also in the programme.....
A surprise move by Kenya's President
and Opposition leader,
they promise reconciliation
after last year's bitterly
Why increasing numbers of young
British Muslim women are deciding
to wear a headscarf.
She was an American
hero, who disappeared
without trace 80 years ago.
Has the mystery surrounding aviation
pioneer Amelia Earhart
finally been solved?
Hello, and welcome
to World News Today.
The offer from North
Korea was simple.
The reaction from
And now the reaction from around
the world to the promise of face
to face talks between the leaders
of the two countries -
has been overwhelmingly positive.
At the opening of the Paralympic
Games in South Korea President Moon
thanked the two leaders for a step
which he said was already helping
to realise a new global peace.
Elsewhere, President XI Jinping
of China spoke with his US
counterpart in a phone call,
praising the "positive aspiration"
of the talks and urging them
to begin as soon as possible.
Meanwhile US Vice President Mike
Pence who recently travelled
to South Korea was quick to point
out that his administration had made
no concessions in order
to secure the talks -
but rather it was North Korea
who caved in by agreeing to discuss
giving up its nuclear programme,
and halt all nuclear
and missile tests.
Our North America Correspondent Nick
Bryant has the latest on the story.
Last night the precincts of the
White House felt more like the
White House felt more like the
Donald Trump slipping
into the briefing room unannounced
to tell reporters to expect a major
announcement. From the West wind had
a delegation from South Korea to
make one of the most stunning
diplomatic announcements in decades,
announcing a message from Kim Jong
He has agreed to meet President
Trump as soon as possible. President
Trump appreciated the treaty, and
said he would meet Kim Jong Un. They
hope to achieve demutualisation.
Prior to arriving in Washington they
held a meeting in Pam Yang with a
warm hand of friendship rather than
rattling his usual sabre.
rattling his usual sabre. On state
TV the soundtrack doubled as
diplomatic mood music, the North
Korean leader offered to abandon his
country's nuclear arsenal in
exchange for security guarantees
from the United States. Then came
the sentimental farewell, with an
invitation to Mr Trump, the most
improbable of overtures. Donald
Trump gave his response on twitter,.
The White House claims tough talk
They will be met with fire and few
league, like the world has never
seen. Rocket man is on a suicide
mission for himself, and for his
Washington has been in a whirlwind,
taken completely by surprise,
shortly before the announcement
America's chief diplomat ruled out
talks with Pyongyang.
In terms of
direct talks with the United States,
we are a long way from negotiations.
This is a gamble which offers
Pyongyang a propaganda coup without
much did the matter ground work,
without a guarantee of success. All
Donald Trump's probes and trapeze
lessons have failed to
-- all of Donald Trump's
predecessors have failed to halt
North Korea's nuclear programme.
This is potentially the world's most
combustible problem. This is the
international summit of the century.
As we heard today's announcement
follows a thawing of relations
between North and South Korea. They
marched under a single flag at the
Winter Olympics, the South Korean
president has described the planned
meeting with its unpredictable
neighbour as a milestone for peace.
Powell has the news gone down in the
capital, Laura has been finding out?
For once. The prospect of a stunning
Trump, Kim summit has turned an
impending crisis into an
opportunity. The horror of the
Korean War is not forgotten here.
The fighting ended with no peace
treaty. Future generations hope
these talks will prevent further
I think this will be
a turning point, so this is our
future children will benefit from
living in a more free and peaceful
It's a good thing for both
countries. As a South Korean citizen
is good that the threat of war has
reduced by a little.
Even if things
turn out well it would benefit the
people in North Korea, in the past
when the South Korean president
provided aid almost none of it went
to the common people. I don't think
it will turn out well.
Decades of distrust and suspicion
divides North and south. Hope can be
a bad thing, it's hard to tell what
is real progress and what is
A strong word of
caution, the road ahead is long and
complicated, it is complex with no
guarantee that the North will ever
give up nuclear weapons drizzly, if
These talks are a huge political
gamble, President's moon and Trump
could be being played by Pyongyang,
or this peninsula could be on the
verge of something it's been
searching for for nearly seven
decades, a peace treaty. This statue
portrays two brothers divided by the
war, in a last, desperate embrace.
There's a sense of cautious optimism
that this unresolved conflicts could
now have a happy ending.
Joining me now is the research
director at the US Korea incident at
John Hopkins School of advanced
International studies. Welcome to
the programme. Both correspondents
describe these talks as a gamble.
It's worth tailoring our
I would agree. President Trump will
be surprised when he shows up at
wherever the meeting will be to find
that the North Koreans will not be
offering up their entire programme
as he expects. Calling for an
immediate suspension for all
activities, nuclear programmes.
Rather, the North Koreans will
likely lay out the... Guidelines, to
their plan for some point in the
very distant future. What would need
to be done before they would even
consider abandoning their...
get to the point. What sort of
demands would come from North Korea
in return for giving up..
they will require the replacement of
the Korean War Armistice with a
peace treaty. They will require the
normalisation of relations, some
sort of negative security assurances
and stop a guarantee the United
States will not retaliate and less
first attacked by North Korea.
Improved, or rather the
establishment of trade relations.
This will take a long time. These
are things the North Koreans had
tried to get, getting back to 1974,
there has been little interest on
the US side to do this. And when we
did have an agreement, the 94 agreed
framework, we couldn't even, with
the agreement in place, the US was
reluctant to move forward in any of
What do you make of the
timing? Does it have to do with the
size of this programme, and the
sheer potential power, or is it how
North Korea perceives Donald Trump?
Two things, actually. I think number
one the North Koreans have the
ability to hedge. They can't
realistically go any further by
mounting up a warhead on a ballistic
missile and firing it. They would
have two, number one, the
uncertainty of having an armed
warhead on a launch pad, it's just
too much for the United States. And
they have no territory over which to
fire this missile, and an ICBM with
a warhead. This has given them some
confidence, confidence to, you know,
begin talks. But I think, also,
there is a great uncertainty
there is a great uncertainty that is
there because of President Trump. He
isn't kept from the same cloth as
past US presidents.
We are dealing
with a slightly different situation.
He is likely to act without the US
responding militarily. President
Trump is suggesting that the US will
attack, and that uncertainty, I
think, frightens and presents a
level of uncertainty for North
Thank you very much indeed.
An aid convoy which entered
a besieged rebel enclave
on the outskirts of the Syrian
capital has crossed back
into government held-territory.
Thirteen trucks carrying food
were unloaded in Eastern Ghouta,
before heading back to Damascus.
This is the emergency aid convoy
inside Eastern Ghouta today.
According to the ICRC it
came dangerously close
to the firing line.
The convoy was meant to deliver
food supplies on Monday,
but was forced to leave
because of ongoing fighting.
Opposition activists say
about a thousand people have been
killed in air strikes and shelling
in just two weeks.
The Syrian war is
in its seventh year.
A staggering 5.5 million people have
been forced from their homes
and into neighbouring countries.
One nation trying to cope
with the influx is Lebanon.
It's taken more than
a million Syrian refugees.
The UN High Commissioner
for Refugees Filippo Grandi
is in Beirut at the moment,
and joins me from there.
Welcome to the programme. What is
the state of flow of refugees at the
moment into Lebanon from Syria?
There really is no significant new
influx. You know what is tragic
about Syria? There was a time when
people fled outside the country,
there was a time, still a time, when
people free within the country. But
for people trapped in Eastern
Ghouta, the people we reached today,
there is no option to stay 03. There
is no more option. How much worse
can it get get for a civilian? This
is one of the most tragic situations
we've seen in a long time from a
As you write the outline, as we have
said, over 1 billion Syrian refugees
there. To what extent are the
refugees in camps or in urban areas,
and what extent is Lebanon on
receiving support for them?
They are mostly in urban centres,
Beirut and other cities. And in
makeshift settlements. They are not
in organised camps. They share,
largely, the resources of the local
community. They go to Lebanese
schools, those that go to school.
They find work in agricultural
construction, it's a very meagre
existence. The international
community has helped, but what we
are worried about is the persistence
of the Syrian crisis with the
difficulties people have to return
to make the decision to return
prematurely, they won't go back
right now. That support to Lebanon
on and other host countries, Jordan,
Turkey and others, that support must
continue. We must not lower the
guard, we must stay the course,
until the crisis is resolved.
is not much prospect of those
refugees returning in the near
You know, they watch the
media, just like us, and they see
what's happening in Eastern Ghouta.
This is on the outskirts of
Damascus, the capital. They see
what's happening in Italy, in other
unstable areas. If you asked them
about their future, they see their
future back in their country, 89% of
survey refugees said they want to
eventually return but not right now.
It's too one stable, too dangerous,
there are too many risks.
this goes on we are seeing Syrian
children born as refugees in Lebanon
Of course, the big challenges
are the medium and long-term
challenges, education, employment,
and then the impact on host
communities, especially here in
Lebanon. We were at the border with
Syria yesterday. The meteors were
telling us that the scarce water
reserves are completely depleted.
This is why it's important,
especially in a relatively fragile
country like Lebanon to continue to
invest both in the humanitarian
response to support refugees, but
also in the local, local
communities, developmental aid,
which, by the way, can have longer
term beneficial effects if people go
back, these investments will stay
for the benefit of Lebanon and its
Thank you for joining
Kenya's president and opposition
leader have promised to begin
a process of reconciliation
following last year's
bitterly contested election.
In a surprise move, Uhuru Kenyatta
and Raila Odinga called
each other "brothers".
It came shortly before
the arrival of US Secretary
of State Rex Tillerson in Kenya.
Ferdinand Omondi reports:
The country's leading political
figures finally came together
to talk after months of pressure
to do just that.
The opposition leader admitted
the country is on the brink.
The time has come for us to confront
and resolve our differences.
These differences are
becoming too entrenched.
The president, after repeatedly
dismissing calls for dialogue,
explained why he finally relented.
Elections come and go. But Kenya
remains. So as we plan ourselves for
the future, our future cannot be
dictated by the forthcoming
election. Our future must be
dictated by the prosperity,
stability, of our nation and the
well-being of our people.
They presented an image of two men,
who had agreed to resolve
the difference, but it
won't be so easy.
Kenya is sharply divided along
ethnic lines, following the bitterly
contested general elections last
year, that had to be held twice.
The opposition feels the elections
were not credible, and,
in the ensuing protests,
more than 100 Kenyans were killed.
Human rights groups accused
the police of brutality,
and the state of highhandedness.
None of this was mentioned
today, only a joint call
for national dialogue.
Two of the most polarising political
individuals in this country today
came together and repeatedly
called themselves brothers.
It is expected that at the beginning
of national dialogue
might finally lead Kenya
to the much needed healing.
Ferdinand Omondi, BBC News, Nairobi.
Let's go to the White House which is
holding a press rethink. Sarah
Sanders is expected to comment on
the news of talks with North Korea.
Bringing the total number of jobs
created since President Trump was
elected to nearly 3 million. The
federal government is getting out of
the way and the people are
innovating and creating jobs. In
other news the president has
pardoned and AV submariner, he was
22 years old at the time of his
offences and has served out his 12
month sentence. He has been
recognised by fellow servicemembers
for his dedication skill and page to
spirit. He regularly mentored
Younger sailors and served as an
instructor for new recruits. The
sentencing judge found that his ban
stands in contrast to his
commendable military service. The
president is appreciative of his
services to the country. Now I will
take your questions.
considerations that are under
discussion is for the location of
this meeting for the president
between Kim Jong Un?
A time and
place have not yet been determined.
We will make those announcements
when more information is available.
Considerations for where this could
take place, I take it you don't want
it in downtown Pyongyang?
have those conversations between me,
you want the press. Those will be
conversations that take place at a
much higher level, certainly outside
The South Korean national
security adviser said the US
responded positively to steel
tariffs, can you give us more that?
The president said yesterday there
were two countries that were
specifically excluded, and they
would be the opportunity for us to
negotiate on matters of national
security, with other countries, and
we are doing that with a number of
president think that Kim Jong Un is
sincere about talking about
The president is
hopeful that we can make some
continued progress, what we know is
that the maximum pressure campaign
has clearly been effective, we know
that it has put pressure on North
Korea, and they have made some major
promises to denuclearise and they
have made promise to stop nuclear
and missile testing. They recognise
that military exercises between the
US and its ally, South Korea, will
continue. The maximum pressure
campaign is not letting up, with one
step back or make changes, we will
continue in that effort. We are not
going to have this meeting take
place until we see concrete actions
that match the words and director
got North Korea.
Do you think Kim
Jong Un can be trusted has a
We are not
negotiating right now. We've
accepted an invitation to talk,
based on them following through with
concrete actions on the promises
Can I just ask you one
other thing, Lindsey Graham said, a
word of warning to North Korean
President Kim Jong Un, the worst
possible thing you can do to Donald
Trump is to try and play him. If you
do that it will be the end of you
and your regime. Is he leading the
present correct on that?
Lindsey Graham knows president Trump
is one of the best negotiators,
certainly, he has great confidence
in his ability and he's glad he'll
be the one at the table for the
United States. I think Senator
Graham has been on the other side of
that and knows the capabilities and
termination of President Trump.
did the present accept the
invitation with without any
preconditions, for example releasing
the Americans held their?
something we will continue to
advocate and push for. Let's not
forget is that North Koreans did
promise something, they've promised
to denuclearise and stop missile
testing. They have recognise we are
going to continue in our military
exercises. Let's be clear, the
United States has made zero
concessions. North Korea has made
promises. This meeting will take
place without concrete actions that
match the promises made by North
Do you think that two months'
time period is enough time to make
sure they will actually fulfil those
promises? He wants to do this by
We are working on the
determination of the time. Let's not
get lost in the fact that this
didn't happen overnight. This
maximum pressure campaign, this
process, has been ongoing since the
president took office. For the first
time in a long time the USA is
having conversations from a position
of strength, not a position of
weakness like the one that North
Korea finds itself in due to the
maximum pressure campaign.
mean it might not be made?
haven't set a time or location. It
is yet to be determined.
promised to nuclear eyes, they...
The message from the South Korean
delegation is that they word
denuclearise. Our ultimate goal has
always been that, and that will be a
part of the actions we seek and
take. We have to see concrete and
verifiable actions taking place.
Sarah, isn't the present giving King
John and exactly what he wants,
respect down starch on the
Not at all,
he's getting exactly what he wants.
He is giving the opportunity to have
been North Koreans actually
denuclearise. You have to remember
nothing is changing from the United
States position. We continue the
maximum pressure campaign, continue
working with allies and partners, we
continue to ask them to step up and
do more. Nothing changes from our
side in this conversation.
be any more than a photo
opportunity? Kim Jong Un gets equal
footing with the leader of the free
I disagree. I don't think
the president is getting nothing.
We've already said many times since
walking in here that the president
will not have been meeting without
seeing concrete steps, and concrete
actions taking place by North Korea.
The president would actually be
getting something, the world would
be getting something if we could get
to a place where North Korea is
denuclearise thing, it is a massive
step, and something that will make
the entire globe much safer. And
even president moon has said that
this is because of the leadership of
I apologise for
this, but given the economic news in
North Korea what words would you use
to describe the present's mood right
He is in a great mood. He's
been in a great mood because we've
had not just a successful couple of
days, a successful year, and we are
very focused on making sure we have
Politicians seem to be
taken by surprise by the
announcement, was this done in a
Not at all. This is
part of an ongoing campaign for over
a year. Just because some
individuals leaked to the press
weren't involved in the conversation
it doesn't mean the appropriate
parties that lead those agencies
were not in the room, not part of
The White House
briefing there, saying she was not
prepared to speculate on where they
meeting might take place, which, of
course, it is clear that North Korea
is anxious to denuclearise. The
conditions of that as yet unknown.