09/03/2018 World News Today


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09/03/2018

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This is BBC World News Today.

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Our top stories:

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The Trump administration says it's

given no concessions to North Korea

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over the agreement on a summit

with Kim Jong Un.

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South Korea's President thanks

Donald Trump for accepting

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the offer, but could it prove to be

a false dawn?

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Also in the programme.....

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A surprise move by Kenya's President

and Opposition leader,

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they promise reconciliation

after last year's bitterly

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contested election.

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Why increasing numbers of young

British Muslim women are deciding

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to wear a headscarf.

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She was an American

hero, who disappeared

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without trace 80 years ago.

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Has the mystery surrounding aviation

pioneer Amelia Earhart

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finally been solved?

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Hello, and welcome

to World News Today.

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Let's talk.

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The offer from North

Korea was simple.

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The reaction from

Washington, unexpected.

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And now the reaction from around

the world to the promise of face

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to face talks between the leaders

of the two countries -

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has been overwhelmingly positive.

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At the opening of the Paralympic

Games in South Korea President Moon

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thanked the two leaders for a step

which he said was already helping

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to realise a new global peace.

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Elsewhere, President XI Jinping

of China spoke with his US

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counterpart in a phone call,

praising the "positive aspiration"

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of the talks and urging them

to begin as soon as possible.

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Meanwhile US Vice President Mike

Pence who recently travelled

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to South Korea was quick to point

out that his administration had made

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no concessions in order

to secure the talks -

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but rather it was North Korea

who caved in by agreeing to discuss

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giving up its nuclear programme,

and halt all nuclear

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and missile tests.

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Our North America Correspondent Nick

Bryant has the latest on the story.

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Last night the precincts of the

White House felt more like the

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Twilight

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White House felt more like the

Twilight zone.

Donald Trump slipping

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into the briefing room unannounced

to tell reporters to expect a major

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announcement. From the West wind had

a delegation from South Korea to

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make one of the most stunning

diplomatic announcements in decades,

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announcing a message from Kim Jong

Un.

He has agreed to meet President

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Trump as soon as possible. President

Trump appreciated the treaty, and

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said he would meet Kim Jong Un. They

hope to achieve demutualisation.

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Prior to arriving in Washington they

held a meeting in Pam Yang with a

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warm hand of friendship rather than

rattling his usual sabre.

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rattling his usual sabre. On state

TV the soundtrack doubled as

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diplomatic mood music, the North

Korean leader offered to abandon his

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country's nuclear arsenal in

exchange for security guarantees

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from the United States. Then came

the sentimental farewell, with an

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invitation to Mr Trump, the most

improbable of overtures. Donald

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Trump gave his response on twitter,.

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The White House claims tough talk

has worked.

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They will be met with fire and few

league, like the world has never

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seen. Rocket man is on a suicide

mission for himself, and for his

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regime.

Washington has been in a whirlwind,

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taken completely by surprise,

shortly before the announcement

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America's chief diplomat ruled out

talks with Pyongyang.

In terms of

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direct talks with the United States,

we are a long way from negotiations.

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This is a gamble which offers

Pyongyang a propaganda coup without

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much did the matter ground work,

without a guarantee of success. All

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Donald Trump's probes and trapeze

lessons have failed to

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-- all of Donald Trump's

predecessors have failed to halt

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North Korea's nuclear programme.

This is potentially the world's most

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combustible problem. This is the

international summit of the century.

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As we heard today's announcement

follows a thawing of relations

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between North and South Korea. They

marched under a single flag at the

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Winter Olympics, the South Korean

president has described the planned

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meeting with its unpredictable

neighbour as a milestone for peace.

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Powell has the news gone down in the

capital, Laura has been finding out?

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For once. The prospect of a stunning

Trump, Kim summit has turned an

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impending crisis into an

opportunity. The horror of the

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Korean War is not forgotten here.

The fighting ended with no peace

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treaty. Future generations hope

these talks will prevent further

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confrontation.

I think this will be

a turning point, so this is our

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future children will benefit from

living in a more free and peaceful

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world.

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world.

It's a good thing for both

countries. As a South Korean citizen

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is good that the threat of war has

reduced by a little.

Even if things

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turn out well it would benefit the

people in North Korea, in the past

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when the South Korean president

provided aid almost none of it went

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to the common people. I don't think

it will turn out well.

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Decades of distrust and suspicion

divides North and south. Hope can be

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a bad thing, it's hard to tell what

is real progress and what is

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propaganda.

A strong word of

caution, the road ahead is long and

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complicated, it is complex with no

guarantee that the North will ever

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give up nuclear weapons drizzly, if

at all.

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These talks are a huge political

gamble, President's moon and Trump

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could be being played by Pyongyang,

or this peninsula could be on the

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verge of something it's been

searching for for nearly seven

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decades, a peace treaty. This statue

portrays two brothers divided by the

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war, in a last, desperate embrace.

There's a sense of cautious optimism

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that this unresolved conflicts could

now have a happy ending.

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Joining me now is the research

director at the US Korea incident at

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John Hopkins School of advanced

International studies. Welcome to

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the programme. Both correspondents

describe these talks as a gamble.

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It's worth tailoring our

expectations?

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I would agree. President Trump will

be surprised when he shows up at

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wherever the meeting will be to find

that the North Koreans will not be

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offering up their entire programme

as he expects. Calling for an

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immediate suspension for all

activities, nuclear programmes.

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Rather, the North Koreans will

likely lay out the... Guidelines, to

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their plan for some point in the

very distant future. What would need

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to be done before they would even

consider abandoning their...

Now we

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get to the point. What sort of

demands would come from North Korea

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in return for giving up..

I think

they will require the replacement of

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the Korean War Armistice with a

peace treaty. They will require the

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normalisation of relations, some

sort of negative security assurances

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and stop a guarantee the United

States will not retaliate and less

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first attacked by North Korea.

Improved, or rather the

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establishment of trade relations.

This will take a long time. These

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are things the North Koreans had

tried to get, getting back to 1974,

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there has been little interest on

the US side to do this. And when we

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did have an agreement, the 94 agreed

framework, we couldn't even, with

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the agreement in place, the US was

reluctant to move forward in any of

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these.

What do you make of the

timing? Does it have to do with the

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size of this programme, and the

sheer potential power, or is it how

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North Korea perceives Donald Trump?

Two things, actually. I think number

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one the North Koreans have the

ability to hedge. They can't

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realistically go any further by

mounting up a warhead on a ballistic

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missile and firing it. They would

have two, number one, the

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uncertainty of having an armed

warhead on a launch pad, it's just

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too much for the United States. And

they have no territory over which to

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fire this missile, and an ICBM with

a warhead. This has given them some

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confidence, confidence to, you know,

begin talks. But I think, also,

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there is a great uncertainty

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there is a great uncertainty that is

there because of President Trump. He

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isn't kept from the same cloth as

past US presidents.

We are dealing

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with a slightly different situation.

He is likely to act without the US

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responding militarily. President

Trump is suggesting that the US will

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attack, and that uncertainty, I

think, frightens and presents a

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level of uncertainty for North

Koreans.

Thank you very much indeed.

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An aid convoy which entered

a besieged rebel enclave

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on the outskirts of the Syrian

capital has crossed back

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into government held-territory.

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Thirteen trucks carrying food

were unloaded in Eastern Ghouta,

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before heading back to Damascus.

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This is the emergency aid convoy

inside Eastern Ghouta today.

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According to the ICRC it

came dangerously close

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to the firing line.

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The convoy was meant to deliver

food supplies on Monday,

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but was forced to leave

because of ongoing fighting.

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Opposition activists say

about a thousand people have been

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killed in air strikes and shelling

in just two weeks.

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The Syrian war is

in its seventh year.

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A staggering 5.5 million people have

been forced from their homes

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and into neighbouring countries.

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One nation trying to cope

with the influx is Lebanon.

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It's taken more than

a million Syrian refugees.

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The UN High Commissioner

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

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is in Beirut at the moment,

and joins me from there.

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Welcome to the programme. What is

the state of flow of refugees at the

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moment into Lebanon from Syria?

There really is no significant new

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influx. You know what is tragic

about Syria? There was a time when

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people fled outside the country,

there was a time, still a time, when

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people free within the country. But

for people trapped in Eastern

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Ghouta, the people we reached today,

there is no option to stay 03. There

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is no more option. How much worse

can it get get for a civilian? This

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is one of the most tragic situations

we've seen in a long time from a

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humanitarian perspective.

As you write the outline, as we have

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said, over 1 billion Syrian refugees

there. To what extent are the

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refugees in camps or in urban areas,

and what extent is Lebanon on

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receiving support for them?

They are mostly in urban centres,

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Beirut and other cities. And in

makeshift settlements. They are not

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in organised camps. They share,

largely, the resources of the local

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community. They go to Lebanese

schools, those that go to school.

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They find work in agricultural

construction, it's a very meagre

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existence. The international

community has helped, but what we

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are worried about is the persistence

of the Syrian crisis with the

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difficulties people have to return

to make the decision to return

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prematurely, they won't go back

right now. That support to Lebanon

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on and other host countries, Jordan,

Turkey and others, that support must

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continue. We must not lower the

guard, we must stay the course,

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until the crisis is resolved.

There

is not much prospect of those

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refugees returning in the near

future?

You know, they watch the

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media, just like us, and they see

what's happening in Eastern Ghouta.

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This is on the outskirts of

Damascus, the capital. They see

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what's happening in Italy, in other

unstable areas. If you asked them

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about their future, they see their

future back in their country, 89% of

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survey refugees said they want to

eventually return but not right now.

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It's too one stable, too dangerous,

there are too many risks.

The longer

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this goes on we are seeing Syrian

children born as refugees in Lebanon

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on.

Of course, the big challenges

are the medium and long-term

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challenges, education, employment,

and then the impact on host

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communities, especially here in

Lebanon. We were at the border with

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Syria yesterday. The meteors were

telling us that the scarce water

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reserves are completely depleted.

This is why it's important,

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especially in a relatively fragile

country like Lebanon to continue to

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invest both in the humanitarian

response to support refugees, but

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also in the local, local

communities, developmental aid,

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which, by the way, can have longer

term beneficial effects if people go

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back, these investments will stay

for the benefit of Lebanon and its

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communities.

Thank you for joining

us.

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Kenya's president and opposition

leader have promised to begin

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a process of reconciliation

following last year's

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bitterly contested election.

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In a surprise move, Uhuru Kenyatta

and Raila Odinga called

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each other "brothers".

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It came shortly before

the arrival of US Secretary

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of State Rex Tillerson in Kenya.

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From Nairobi,

Ferdinand Omondi reports:

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The country's leading political

figures finally came together

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to talk after months of pressure

to do just that.

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The opposition leader admitted

the country is on the brink.

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The time has come for us to confront

and resolve our differences.

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These differences are

becoming too entrenched.

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The president, after repeatedly

dismissing calls for dialogue,

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explained why he finally relented.

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Elections come and go. But Kenya

remains. So as we plan ourselves for

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the future, our future cannot be

dictated by the forthcoming

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election. Our future must be

dictated by the prosperity,

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stability, of our nation and the

well-being of our people.

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They presented an image of two men,

who had agreed to resolve

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the difference, but it

won't be so easy.

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Kenya is sharply divided along

ethnic lines, following the bitterly

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contested general elections last

year, that had to be held twice.

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The opposition feels the elections

were not credible, and,

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in the ensuing protests,

more than 100 Kenyans were killed.

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Human rights groups accused

the police of brutality,

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and the state of highhandedness.

0:17:120:17:17

None of this was mentioned

today, only a joint call

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for national dialogue.

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Two of the most polarising political

individuals in this country today

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came together and repeatedly

called themselves brothers.

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It is expected that at the beginning

of national dialogue

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might finally lead Kenya

to the much needed healing.

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Ferdinand Omondi, BBC News, Nairobi.

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Let's go to the White House which is

holding a press rethink. Sarah

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Sanders is expected to comment on

the news of talks with North Korea.

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Bringing the total number of jobs

created since President Trump was

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elected to nearly 3 million. The

federal government is getting out of

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the way and the people are

innovating and creating jobs. In

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other news the president has

pardoned and AV submariner, he was

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22 years old at the time of his

offences and has served out his 12

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month sentence. He has been

recognised by fellow servicemembers

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for his dedication skill and page to

spirit. He regularly mentored

0:18:210:18:25

Younger sailors and served as an

instructor for new recruits. The

0:18:250:18:30

sentencing judge found that his ban

stands in contrast to his

0:18:300:18:33

commendable military service. The

president is appreciative of his

0:18:330:18:39

services to the country. Now I will

take your questions.

The

0:18:390:18:44

considerations that are under

discussion is for the location of

0:18:440:18:47

this meeting for the president

between Kim Jong Un?

A time and

0:18:470:18:52

place have not yet been determined.

We will make those announcements

0:18:520:18:56

when more information is available.

Considerations for where this could

0:18:560:19:01

take place, I take it you don't want

it in downtown Pyongyang?

We won't

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have those conversations between me,

you want the press. Those will be

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conversations that take place at a

much higher level, certainly outside

0:19:120:19:15

this room.

The South Korean national

security adviser said the US

0:19:150:19:24

responded positively to steel

tariffs, can you give us more that?

0:19:240:19:28

The president said yesterday there

were two countries that were

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specifically excluded, and they

would be the opportunity for us to

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negotiate on matters of national

security, with other countries, and

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we are doing that with a number of

different countries.

Does the

0:19:400:19:44

president think that Kim Jong Un is

sincere about talking about

0:19:440:19:47

denuclearisation?

The president is

hopeful that we can make some

0:19:470:19:55

continued progress, what we know is

that the maximum pressure campaign

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has clearly been effective, we know

that it has put pressure on North

0:20:000:20:05

Korea, and they have made some major

promises to denuclearise and they

0:20:050:20:11

have made promise to stop nuclear

and missile testing. They recognise

0:20:110:20:16

that military exercises between the

US and its ally, South Korea, will

0:20:160:20:20

continue. The maximum pressure

campaign is not letting up, with one

0:20:200:20:24

step back or make changes, we will

continue in that effort. We are not

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going to have this meeting take

place until we see concrete actions

0:20:300:20:34

that match the words and director

got North Korea.

Do you think Kim

0:20:340:20:39

Jong Un can be trusted has a

negotiating partner?

We are not

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negotiating right now. We've

accepted an invitation to talk,

0:20:440:20:48

based on them following through with

concrete actions on the promises

0:20:480:20:51

they've made.

Can I just ask you one

other thing, Lindsey Graham said, a

0:20:510:20:59

word of warning to North Korean

President Kim Jong Un, the worst

0:20:590:21:02

possible thing you can do to Donald

Trump is to try and play him. If you

0:21:020:21:07

do that it will be the end of you

and your regime. Is he leading the

0:21:070:21:12

present correct on that?

I think

Lindsey Graham knows president Trump

0:21:120:21:17

is one of the best negotiators,

certainly, he has great confidence

0:21:170:21:22

in his ability and he's glad he'll

be the one at the table for the

0:21:220:21:27

United States. I think Senator

Graham has been on the other side of

0:21:270:21:32

that and knows the capabilities and

termination of President Trump.

Why

0:21:320:21:36

did the present accept the

invitation with without any

0:21:360:21:40

preconditions, for example releasing

the Americans held their?

That's

0:21:400:21:46

something we will continue to

advocate and push for. Let's not

0:21:460:21:50

forget is that North Koreans did

promise something, they've promised

0:21:500:21:53

to denuclearise and stop missile

testing. They have recognise we are

0:21:530:21:57

going to continue in our military

exercises. Let's be clear, the

0:21:570:22:01

United States has made zero

concessions. North Korea has made

0:22:010:22:04

promises. This meeting will take

place without concrete actions that

0:22:040:22:10

match the promises made by North

Korea.

Do you think that two months'

0:22:100:22:15

time period is enough time to make

sure they will actually fulfil those

0:22:150:22:19

promises? He wants to do this by

May.

We are working on the

0:22:190:22:25

determination of the time. Let's not

get lost in the fact that this

0:22:250:22:28

didn't happen overnight. This

maximum pressure campaign, this

0:22:280:22:34

process, has been ongoing since the

president took office. For the first

0:22:340:22:37

time in a long time the USA is

having conversations from a position

0:22:370:22:42

of strength, not a position of

weakness like the one that North

0:22:420:22:46

Korea finds itself in due to the

maximum pressure campaign.

Does that

0:22:460:22:50

mean it might not be made?

Again, we

haven't set a time or location. It

0:22:500:22:55

is yet to be determined.

They

promised to nuclear eyes, they...

0:22:550:23:05

The message from the South Korean

delegation is that they word

0:23:050:23:08

denuclearise. Our ultimate goal has

always been that, and that will be a

0:23:080:23:15

part of the actions we seek and

take. We have to see concrete and

0:23:150:23:22

verifiable actions taking place.

Sarah, isn't the present giving King

0:23:220:23:29

John and exactly what he wants,

respect down starch on the

0:23:290:23:32

international stage?

Not at all,

he's getting exactly what he wants.

0:23:320:23:39

He is giving the opportunity to have

been North Koreans actually

0:23:390:23:43

denuclearise. You have to remember

nothing is changing from the United

0:23:430:23:48

States position. We continue the

maximum pressure campaign, continue

0:23:480:23:52

working with allies and partners, we

continue to ask them to step up and

0:23:520:23:57

do more. Nothing changes from our

side in this conversation.

Will this

0:23:570:24:02

be any more than a photo

opportunity? Kim Jong Un gets equal

0:24:020:24:07

footing with the leader of the free

world...

I disagree. I don't think

0:24:070:24:13

the president is getting nothing.

We've already said many times since

0:24:130:24:17

walking in here that the president

will not have been meeting without

0:24:170:24:23

seeing concrete steps, and concrete

actions taking place by North Korea.

0:24:230:24:29

The president would actually be

getting something, the world would

0:24:290:24:32

be getting something if we could get

to a place where North Korea is

0:24:320:24:36

denuclearise thing, it is a massive

step, and something that will make

0:24:360:24:40

the entire globe much safer. And

even president moon has said that

0:24:400:24:45

this is because of the leadership of

President Trump.

I apologise for

0:24:450:24:52

this, but given the economic news in

North Korea what words would you use

0:24:520:24:56

to describe the present's mood right

now?

He is in a great mood. He's

0:24:560:25:02

been in a great mood because we've

had not just a successful couple of

0:25:020:25:07

days, a successful year, and we are

very focused on making sure we have

0:25:070:25:10

several more.

Politicians seem to be

taken by surprise by the

0:25:100:25:17

announcement, was this done in a

haphazard way?

Not at all. This is

0:25:170:25:22

part of an ongoing campaign for over

a year. Just because some

0:25:220:25:29

individuals leaked to the press

weren't involved in the conversation

0:25:290:25:32

it doesn't mean the appropriate

parties that lead those agencies

0:25:320:25:35

were not in the room, not part of

that discussion.

The White House

0:25:350:25:41

briefing there, saying she was not

prepared to speculate on where they

0:25:410:25:46

meeting might take place, which, of

course, it is clear that North Korea

0:25:460:25:53

is anxious to denuclearise. The

conditions of that as yet unknown.

0:25:530:26:02