09/03/2018 World News Today


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09/03/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News today. Our

top stories...

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The Trump administration says it's

given no concessions to North Korea

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over the agreement

on a summit with Kim Jong-un.

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South Korea's President thanks

Donald Trump for accepting

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the offer, but could it prove to be

a false dawn?

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Were

a false dawn?

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Were not

a false dawn?

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Were not going

a false dawn?

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Were not going to

a false dawn?

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Were not going to have

a false dawn?

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Were not going to have this

a false dawn?

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Were not going to have this meeting

a false dawn?

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Were not going to have this meeting

take place until we see concrete

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actions that match the words and

rhetoric of North Korea.

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Also in the programme:

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Why increasing numbers of young

British Muslim women are deciding

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to wear a headscarf.

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A former US drug company executive

who became infamous for hiking the

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price of a life-saving medicine has

been sentenced to seven years in

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prison.

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Hello, and welcome

to World News Today.

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Let's talk -

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the offer from North

Korea was simple.

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The reaction from

Washington, unexpected.

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And now the reaction from around

the world to the promise of face

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to face talks between the leaders

of the two countries -

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has been overwhelmingly positive.

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At the opening of the Paralympic

Games in South Korea, President Moon

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thanked the two leaders for a step

which he said was already helping

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to realise a new global peace.

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Elsewhere, President Xi Jinping

of China spoke with

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his US counterpart in a phone call,

praising the "positive aspiration"

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of the talks and urging them

to begin as soon as possible.

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Meanwhile US Vice-President Mike

Pence, who recently travelled

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to South Korea, was quick to point

out that his administration had made

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no concessions in order

to secure the talks -

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but rather it was North Korea

who caved in by agreeing to discuss

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giving up its nuclear programme,

and halt all nuclear

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and missile tests.

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Our North America correspondent Nick

Bryant has the latest on the story.

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Last night, the White House felt

more like the Twilight Zone,

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Donald Trump slipping into the press

briefing room unannounced

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to tell reporters to expect

a major announcement.

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And then out from the West Wing came

a delegation from South Korea,

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to make one of the most stunning

diplomatic statements in decades,

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after delivering to Donald Trump

a message from Kim Jong-un.

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He expressed his eagerness to meet

President Trump as soon as possible.

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President Trump appreciated

the briefing and said

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he would meet Kim Jong-un by May

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to achieve permanent

denuclearisation.

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Prior to arriving in Washington,

they'd held a meeting in Pyongyang,

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with Kim Jong-un

offering a warm hand

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of friendship, rather

than rattling his usual sabre.

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And on state TV, the schmaltzy

soundtrack doubled as diplomatic

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mood music as the North Korean

leader offered to abandon

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his nuclear arsenal in return

for security guarantees

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from the United States.

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Then came the sentimental farewell,

Kim Jong-un sending them off not

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just with a wave but an invitation

to Mr Trump, the most

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improbable overture.

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Donald Trump gave his

response on Twitter:

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The White House claims his

tough talk has worked.

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They will be met with fire and fury

like the world has never seen.

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Rocket man is on a suicide mission

for himself and for his regime.

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Washington has been in a whirlwind,

taken by surprise.

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Shortly before the shock

announcement, America's chief

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diplomat ruled out direct

talks with Pyongyang.

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In terms of direct talks

with the United States

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and US negotiations,

we are a long way from negotiations.

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This is a huge gamble

that offers Pyongyang

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a propaganda coup without much

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diplomatic groundwork

and without a guarantee of success.

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But President Trump's

predecessors have failed to halt

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North Korea's nuclear programme,

so perhaps it is worth this

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dramatic new gesture.

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Two combustible leaders dealing

with potentially the world's

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most combustible problem.

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Diplomacy like a Las Vegas title

fight, the international

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summit of the century.

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A short while ago the White House

gave a press briefing saying the

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offer of drums is down to President

Trump's campaign of sanctions

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against North Korea.

We know the

pressure campaign has been effective

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and has put a lot of pressure on

North Korea and they have made major

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promises to denuclearisation to stop

nuclear and missile testing and they

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have recognised that regular

military exercises between the US

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and South Korea will continue. We're

not going to step back and make any

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changes to that campaign, we will

continue that effort and we will not

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have this meeting take place until

we see concrete actions that match

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the of North Korea.

Britain has

drafted in the military following a

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nerve agent attack on a former

Russian spy and his daughter in

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Salisbury. Sergei Skripal and his

daughter Yulia are critically ill in

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hospital while the policeman who

tried to help them remains in a

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serious condition.

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Tonight, five days after

unprotected police officers,

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paramedics and passers-by came

into close contact with a chemical

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weapon, the military arrived

at Salisbury Hospital.

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The mission - to recover evidence.

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At the hospital, they

were taking away a car.

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They are also expected to secure

Sergei Skripal's car,

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and there are ambulances which may

have traces of the nerve agent

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used in the attempt on his life.

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The military will go in the area,

probably in protective equipment.

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They have detection equipment that

will allow them to properly,

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safely do a detailed survey

of the areas and if there is any

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contamination they can safely remove

that and have it destroyed.

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Tonight, there was renewed police

activity at the grave

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of Sergei Skripal's son,

Alexander, who died last year.

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It has been suggested his

body may be exhumed.

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The Home Secretary was the first

senior government representative

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to visit Salisbury this morning.

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Ministers have stressed

the importance of getting

0:07:030:07:06

to the bottom of the alleged plot

before pointing fingers.

0:07:060:07:08

Give us time, Amber Rudd said.

0:07:080:07:11

She met and praised those who have

helped victims and decontaminated

0:07:110:07:15

the area, including firefighters.

0:07:150:07:18

I am in awe of their sympathetic

approach and professionalism

0:07:180:07:22

as they engage with these people.

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And now as they reflect,

they are concerned sometimes

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for themselves and their families

but they have all said to me

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that they would not have done

anything differently.

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And then to the hospital continuing

to provide the highest level

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of care to the victims.

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Detective Sergeant Nick Bailey,

exposed to nerve agent

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during the incident,

is making good progress.

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His friends await news.

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Always really easy to speak to,

to get hold of, always delivers.

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And he delivers effectively

and efficiently.

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He always has a sense

of humour around him.

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He does it easily and nothing

is ever too much trouble for him.

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Sergei Skripal remains

in critical condition -

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his daughter, Yulia, the same,

but she is responding

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better to treatment.

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The investigation has become part

of life in central Salisbury.

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Everybody is scared a little bit.

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Hopefully everything is all right

in the next couple of days.

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Your T-shirt says it all.

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Calm is exactly how

people have remained.

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Do you feel concerned?

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No, otherwise I wouldn't be

here and I certainly

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would not bring my son.

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Some worry that Salisbury

will become known for this shocking

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event, but life will move on.

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I'm not saying it will blow

over, it will always

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be there but the town,

the city,

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there is so much love here,

I don't think that would happen.

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For now, at least, central Salisbury

remains the scene of a crime

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reverberating around the world.

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The German Chancellor has warned

that no one could win

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in what she called a "race

to the bottom", amid concerns that

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heavy new US tariffs on steel

and aluminium could launch

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a global trade war.

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Angela Merkel said it would be best

if the European Union was exempted.

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The EU is seeking

talks on the issue.

0:09:250:09:33

A visit to the UK by the Saudi Crown

prince has ended with a massive arms

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deal. Saudi Arabia has agreed to buy

48 Typhoon jets. Human rights groups

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protested against the visit.

0:09:490:09:59

Kenya's president and opposition

leader have met for the first time

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since last year's bitterly contested

election.

0:10:040:10:09

In a surprise move, Uhuru Kenyatta

and Raila Odinga called

0:10:090:10:12

each other "brothers".

0:10:120:10:14

An aid convoy which entered

a besieged rebel enclave

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on the outskirts of the Syrian

capital has crossed back

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into government held-territory.

0:10:180:10:20

13 trucks carrying food

were unloaded in Eastern Ghouta,

0:10:200:10:22

before heading back to Damascus.

0:10:220:10:23

This is the emergency aid convoy

inside Eastern Ghouta today.

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According to the ICRC,

it came dangerously close

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to the firing line.

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The convoy was meant to deliver

food supplies on Monday,

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but was forced to leave

because of ongoing fighting.

0:10:320:10:36

Opposition activists say

about a thousand people have been

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killed in air strikes and shelling

in just two weeks.

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The UN High Commissioner

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

0:10:520:10:57

Has called

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

0:10:570:10:58

Has called the

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

0:10:580:10:58

Has called the war

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

0:10:580:10:58

Has called the war in

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

0:10:580:10:59

Has called the war in Syria

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

0:10:590:10:59

Has called the war in Syria at

for Refugees Filippo Grandi

0:10:590:10:59

Has called the war in Syria at

colossal human tragedy. I spoke to

0:10:590:11:02

him earlier.

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You know what is tragic about Syria?

0:11:040:11:06

There was a time when people fled

outside the country,

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there was a time, there

is still a time, when people

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flee within the country.

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But for people trapped

in Eastern Ghouta, the people

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we reached today, there is no

option to stay or flee.

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How much worse can it

get get for a civilian?

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This is one of the most

tragic situations

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we've seen in a long time

from a humanitarian perspective.

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As you rightly outline,

as we have said, over 1 billion

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Syrian refugees are in Lebanon.

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To what extent are the refugees

in camps or in urban areas,

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and what extent is Lebanon

receiving support for them?

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They are mostly in urban centres,

Beirut and other cities.

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And in makeshift settlements.

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They are not in organised camps.

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They share, largely,

the resources of

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the local community.

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They go to Lebanese schools,

those that go to school.

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They find work in agriculture

or construction,

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it's a very meagre existence.

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The international community

has helped, but what we

0:12:140:12:18

are worried about is the persistence

of the Syrian crisis with the

0:12:180:12:24

difficulties people have to return

to make the decision to return

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is premature, they won't

go back right now.

0:12:300:12:33

That support to Lebanon and other

host countries, Jordan,

0:12:330:12:35

Turkey and others, that

support must continue.

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We must not lower the guard,

we must stay the course,

0:12:370:12:40

until the crisis is resolved.

0:12:400:12:47

So there is not much prospect

of those refugees returning

0:12:470:12:49

in the near future?

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You know, they watch the media,

just like us, and they see

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what's happening in Eastern Ghouta.

0:12:550:12:59

This is on the outskirts

of Damascus, the capital.

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They see what's happening

in Idlib, in other

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unstable areas.

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If you asked them about their

future, they see their

0:13:100:13:15

future back in their country, 89% of

surveyed refugees said they want to

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eventually return but not right now.

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It's too unstable, too dangerous,

there are too many risks.

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Stay with us here on BBC World News.

We will have the latest sport,

0:13:290:13:34

including Six Nations rugby and

England's preparations.

0:13:340:13:43

The numbers of dead and wounded

defied belief, the worst terror

0:13:530:13:59

atrocity on European soil in modern

times.

0:13:590:14:02

In less than 24 hours that soggy

union lost an elderly Sikh leader

0:14:020:14:09

and replace them with a dynamic

figure.

0:14:090:14:14

We heard these gunshots, they came

out of a fire exit and started

0:14:140:14:18

firing.

James Earl Ray, aged 41, sentenced

0:14:180:14:27

to 99 years, travelled from national

to Memphis prison.

0:14:270:14:37

What will you do now? Will this

change your life?

I don't know, I've

0:14:370:14:43

never been married before.

0:14:430:14:46

This is BBC World News today.

0:15:000:15:04

The Trump administration says it's

given no concessions to North Korea

0:15:040:15:06

over the agreement

on a summit with Kim Jong-un.

0:15:060:15:13

Britain has deployed its military

onto the streets of Salisbury to

0:15:130:15:18

help investigate the suspected

poisoning of a former spy. Martin

0:15:180:15:24

Shkreli is the former drug company

exec who upped the price of a

0:15:240:15:29

life-saving AIDS medication and has

been sentenced to seven years in

0:15:290:15:37

prison. He first made headlines for

jacking up that price of a drug from

0:15:370:15:44

$13 per dose to 750. He has been

convicted for defrauding investors

0:15:440:15:50

into hedge funds is he ran. The

judge said his crimes were not

0:15:500:15:56

isolated lapses in judgment but a

pattern in conduct. He was reviled

0:15:560:16:04

by many Americans.

Yes, he was

called the most hated man in America

0:16:040:16:13

after his company rate the drug

price there for that life-saving HIV

0:16:130:16:17

medication and he became known as

the poster child of the

0:16:170:16:23

pharmaceutical industry. This was a

time when the price gouging in the

0:16:230:16:29

pharmaceutical industry was being

criticised and he came to represent

0:16:290:16:33

that greed, so he cultivated the

spur some of an arrogant, no car in

0:16:330:16:39

the world executive, and there were

several points where he would mock

0:16:390:16:46

politicians and people who

criticised him come in a

0:16:460:16:50

congressional hearing on drug price

hikes, he was yawning and calling

0:16:500:16:55

congressional members imbecile is,

so he gained this reputation and the

0:16:550:17:00

judge said that this person didn't

have anything to do with the

0:17:000:17:06

sentencing she handed down and we

saw some different portrayals of

0:17:060:17:12

Martin Shkreli by the defence and

prosecutors.

It wasn't price hiking

0:17:120:17:17

for which he was convicted.

He was

convicted for defrauding investments

0:17:170:17:24

into hedge funds is and then another

pharmaceutical company. The

0:17:240:17:29

prosecutor said he should be looked

at as a 35-year-old man who was a

0:17:290:17:36

fraudster because he misled

investors about the performance of

0:17:360:17:40

those hedge funds is and ultimately

did pay them back plus profit for

0:17:400:17:45

what they invested, but prosecutors

said that was only because they had

0:17:450:17:50

raised red flags that they were

being defrauded but his defence

0:17:500:17:54

tried to use that to get a lighter

sentence, saying he was a

0:17:540:18:00

self-destructive person who showed

depression so they tried to pull at

0:18:000:18:04

the heartstrings of the judge but

the judge went

0:18:040:18:17

for a self-destructive person who

showed depression so they tried to

0:18:180:18:20

pull at the heartstrings of the

judge but did judge when 487 year

0:18:200:18:23

sentence, the maximum could have

been 25, so it was lighter than

0:18:230:18:25

prosecutors hope for.

Thank you.

It is the penultimate weekend of the

0:18:250:18:28

Six Nations but the Ireland captain

Rory Best say they will not be

0:18:280:18:34

distracted by thoughts of a possible

Grand Slam as they aim to make it

0:18:340:18:39

four wins in four by beating

Scotland. John Watson is in Dublin.

0:18:390:18:47

The stage is set for what could be a

crucial weekend in Rugby Union Six

0:18:470:18:54

Nations championship. Ireland play

Scotland here tomorrow, knowing a

0:18:540:18:59

victory and a defeat for England in

France would see Ireland become Six

0:18:590:19:05

Nations champions, their third title

in five years. Colin McGregor used

0:19:050:19:10

to play for Scotland, what chances

that Ireland will have this wrapped

0:19:100:19:15

up?

The fact they are at home, they

have not lost a Six Nations game

0:19:150:19:22

here under Joe Schmidt, they have

one 19 of their last 20 games here.

0:19:220:19:30

Scotland have to be buoyed by the

fact that they ruined England's

0:19:300:19:34

Grand Slam chances last time out,

they are full of confidence but this

0:19:340:19:40

Irish team is a mighty tough

challenge.

And add to the mix the

0:19:400:19:45

fact that Scotland don't travel away

from home especially well, their

0:19:450:19:50

last away win, away from Rome, Italy

always seem to be the easy team to

0:19:500:19:58

beat, but Scotland's last I win --

away win came in eight years ago.

0:19:580:20:07

All teams struggle. Scotland have

the comforts of Murrayfield, the

0:20:070:20:12

crowd get behind them, last time

they started well against England,

0:20:120:20:18

the momentum grew, they became

louder so they have to start well

0:20:180:20:23

again and tried to quieten the road

and put doubt in this Irish team.

0:20:230:20:29

Ireland are so good at dominating

possession and they are ruthless

0:20:290:20:33

with their efficiency so it will be

tough for Scotland and for England,

0:20:330:20:39

these away games are incredibly

challenging but Scotland have to

0:20:390:20:43

come here full of confidence and

perform as well as they can.

It will

0:20:430:20:50

be fascinating to watch. If Ireland

can get past Scotland, and it is

0:20:500:20:55

that upset in Paris with England

losing to France, it will be another

0:20:550:21:00

Six Nations title for Ireland, but

as far as Scotland go, away from

0:21:000:21:06

Rome they have only had two wins in

the Six Nations but their last away

0:21:060:21:13

win was here in Dublin eight years

ago. Hopefully that may play in

0:21:130:21:18

their favour tomorrow.

Pep Guardiola has been fined and

0:21:180:21:25

warned about his future conduct by

the English Football Association for

0:21:250:21:31

wearing a yellow ribbon in support

of imprisoned politicians in his

0:21:310:21:36

native Catalonia.

0:21:360:21:43

He admitted the charge

of wearing a political

0:21:430:21:45

message after it was seen

in the cup tie at Wigan.

0:21:450:21:51

He can only wear it

pre-and post match.

0:21:510:21:52

He understands it does break

FA rules and he will

0:21:520:21:56

no longer wear it on the touchline.

0:21:560:22:01

South Africa have the upper hand at

Port Elizabeth. David Warner was the

0:22:010:22:08

top scorer with 63 as the tourists

made 243. They will resume today to

0:22:080:22:15

204 runs behind. Australia leads the

series 1-0. That is all the sport.

0:22:150:22:35

Women in some Muslim

countries, like Iran,

0:22:350:22:36

are campaigning against it

as a symbol of oppression.

0:22:360:22:39

But in Britain some women

are taking the opposite view,

0:22:390:22:41

seeing it as empowering.

0:22:410:22:42

Nomia Iqbal investigates.

0:22:420:22:43

The spotlight is on the Hijab.

0:22:430:22:45

Many Muslim women choose

to wear it proudly.

0:22:450:22:48

For some, it's an act of modesty.

0:22:480:22:50

For others, in countries like Iran,

forced to wear it, it's a symbol

0:22:500:22:54

to remove in protest.

0:22:540:23:00

It may divide opinion,

but the hijab is going high fashion.

0:23:000:23:05

20-year-old model Shahira Yusuf has

been signed up by Storm,

0:23:050:23:08

the agency that found

supermodel Kate Moss.

0:23:080:23:13

Shahira is one of the first

British models with a hijab

0:23:130:23:16

taking to the catwalk.

0:23:160:23:19

Yeah, definitely don't want to be

considered a token girl.

0:23:190:23:24

I don't want these models

like ethnic models or models

0:23:240:23:26

from different religious backgrounds

to just pave the way,

0:23:260:23:29

I want the way to stay there,

become the norm within society.

0:23:290:23:32

Because it is the norm outside

of the modelling sphere.

0:23:320:23:38

Shahira is becoming

the face of Modest Fashion.

0:23:400:23:44

At the show in London,

Muslim designers have come

0:23:440:23:46

from all over the world

to promote their clothes.

0:23:460:23:49

The market for Modest Fashion

is on course to be worth billions.

0:23:490:23:53

I grew up in a Muslim family

and none of the the women

0:23:530:23:56

in my family wore the hijab.

0:23:560:23:58

None of my Muslim

friends wore it either.

0:23:580:24:00

But now, more and more young

women are wearing it.

0:24:000:24:04

The reason why I wear

it is to number one, cover my hair.

0:24:040:24:11

And number two, to be honest,

I actually enjoy wearing the hijab,

0:24:110:24:14

I enjoy covering my hair,

I enjoy the hijabs I have today

0:24:140:24:17

I feel like it makes a statement.

0:24:170:24:19

It's part of who I am,

it's my crown.

0:24:190:24:21

Hijab to me is empowerment and it's

feminism and it's taking

0:24:210:24:24

control and ownership

of what I choose

0:24:240:24:25

to show to the world.

0:24:250:24:27

Being online has given some women

a powerful platform.

0:24:270:24:31

Social media star Mariah Idrissi has

a huge following on Instagram.

0:24:310:24:34

The hijab is a part of me,

it's part of my career

0:24:340:24:37

and its representation.

0:24:370:24:38

You know, we shouldn't be ashamed

or shy to represent who we are.

0:24:380:24:42

If you are a model wearing a hijab,

and you're on Instagram and having

0:24:420:24:46

thousands of people following you,

aren't you doing the opposite

0:24:460:24:49

of what the hijab is

supposed to be about?

0:24:490:24:52

The mainstream media,

western media isn't

0:24:520:24:54

representing Muslims on TV,

in fashion, anywhere.

0:24:540:24:58

The only time we are represented

is for something bad.

0:24:580:25:04

I just saw this as, you know, I'm

going on the news and I'm talking

0:25:040:25:08

about something that's not

about terrorism, not

0:25:080:25:10

about women being oppressed,

I'm talking about fashion.

0:25:100:25:13

Some campaigners for Muslim women's

rights think the hijab's popularity

0:25:130:25:16

is a political statement.

0:25:160:25:17

They feel uneasy about its use

as an expression of identity.

0:25:170:25:20

Modest does not mean

you need to wear the hijab.

0:25:200:25:23

Modesty goes beyond that in your

behaviour and your way of dressing.

0:25:230:25:31

I don't need to prove to anybody

what I am, but in the hijab,

0:25:310:25:35

you are singling yourself

and proving something unnecessary,

0:25:350:25:38

especially in the Western world.

0:25:380:25:42

The hijab means different things

to different people.

0:25:420:25:45

Shahira believes you can wear it

and be a successful model.

0:25:450:25:49

Her dream?

0:25:490:25:52

The cover of British Vogue,

wearing her hijab.

0:25:520:26:02