09/01/2017 Outside Source


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09/01/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Outside Source, these are some of the main story is here in the BBC

:00:11.:00:16.

Newsroom Live. Donald Trump is planning to appoint his son-in-law

:00:17.:00:19.

Jarrod Kushner as a senior adviser at the White House. In Turkey,

:00:20.:00:25.

President Erdogan says he wants greatly expanded powers. Parliament

:00:26.:00:28.

look set to agree. Opposition figures said Turkey's democracy is

:00:29.:00:36.

under threat. TRANSLATION: Will it bring freedoms, strengthen

:00:37.:00:39.

democracy, or will it bring in an authoritarian regime? Here's Meryl

:00:40.:00:44.

Streep accepting a lifetime achievement award at the Golden

:00:45.:00:47.

Globes. She was pretty rude about Donald Trump. Donald Trump return

:00:48.:00:51.

the favour on Twitter. We will get into that and quickly look at the

:00:52.:00:55.

Golden Globes as well. Fifa has named Ronaldo its Player of the

:00:56.:00:59.

Year. We will be live at the BBC Sport Centre to discuss that and

:01:00.:01:02.

also look ahead to a big announcement tomorrow about the

:01:03.:01:03.

future of the World Cup. As I was just mentioning, President

:01:04.:01:26.

Berdych man of Turkey once extensive new -- President Erdogan once

:01:27.:01:29.

extensive new powers, the Turkish parliament looks to agree, if it

:01:30.:01:32.

does the matter will go to a referendum. The president is saying

:01:33.:01:35.

these powers will bring stability and develop into Turkey but not

:01:36.:01:39.

everyone is convinced. TRANSLATION: Will these changes to the

:01:40.:01:43.

constitution bring in price cuts? Will there be free water, will it

:01:44.:01:48.

end terrorism, will it decrease taxes, will it strengthened pussy or

:01:49.:01:53.

will it bring in an authoritarian regime? Do the people need this, you

:01:54.:01:59.

ever ask them? There had been some small protests. These were pictures

:02:00.:02:02.

from earlier outside parliament in Ankara. If you hundreds people and

:02:03.:02:07.

they love the police as well. The crowd was eventually dispersed by

:02:08.:02:12.

the police, which used water cannon among various other tactics. This

:02:13.:02:15.

whole new push for new powers for the president needs to be seen in

:02:16.:02:18.

the context of the failed coup of last summer. Since then in Turkey

:02:19.:02:21.

there has been a state of emergency. More than 50,000 people have been

:02:22.:02:26.

sacked or suspended from state jobs, media outlets have been shut,

:02:27.:02:29.

journalists have been arrested. We have been covering this on Outside

:02:30.:02:32.

Source and have also covered how Turkey has a penal code which states

:02:33.:02:36.

that anybody who insults the president can face up to four years

:02:37.:02:41.

in prison. So the president is already a seriously powerful figure,

:02:42.:02:44.

but Mr Erdogan would like more powers. BBC Turkish now on exactly

:02:45.:02:54.

what these new powers are. Right now, the party who is in power right

:02:55.:03:01.

now is making an offer of changes to the constitution. So with these

:03:02.:03:06.

changes if they will be approved in the parliament and then in the

:03:07.:03:09.

referendum, they will be offering, the system will be changed from a

:03:10.:03:14.

Parliamentary one to a presidential one, so the president will be on top

:03:15.:03:19.

of the execution, so he or she will have more powers than the

:03:20.:03:23.

parliament. For example right now in Turkey, Parliament has more powers

:03:24.:03:27.

than the president. The president has been normally very symbolic role

:03:28.:03:31.

in Turkish Republic, but with this constitutional change, he or she

:03:32.:03:34.

will be having more powers, and also for example checks and balances, and

:03:35.:03:43.

the separation of powers, will be in danger. And it looks like the

:03:44.:03:47.

majority of parliament will agree with the president, but what about

:03:48.:03:51.

public opinion? Do they like this shift in system? Pro-government

:03:52.:03:56.

newspapers for example, they are saying it will be approved by the

:03:57.:03:59.

public, but some companies are making some public calls, so we can

:04:00.:04:05.

see that the margin is very small. Some public opinion are saying it

:04:06.:04:09.

will be a no to the constitution in the public polls and some are saying

:04:10.:04:18.

yes, but it will be very close, so the public opinion polls are showing

:04:19.:04:22.

the margins are very small. Is there a direct connection between the

:04:23.:04:26.

failed coup of last year and the suggestion of new powers now?

:04:27.:04:32.

Actually yes, they are saying there will be more stability. So as the

:04:33.:04:35.

president will be gaining more powers, the stability will be

:04:36.:04:39.

constructive. Those kind of event will be less in the future of

:04:40.:04:43.

Turkey. We have had stories from Turkey, from the US, and now one of

:04:44.:04:48.

the main ones in the UK. Martin McGuinness is resigning as Northern

:04:49.:04:51.

Ireland's to be the First Minister. This matters not only because it

:04:52.:04:55.

shows the depth of Northern Ireland's political crisis but

:04:56.:04:59.

because of the man himself. Martin McGuinness was crucial to the IRA

:05:00.:05:02.

ending its armed campaign to Northern Ireland to join the

:05:03.:05:04.

Republic of Ireland. This resignation is over the handling of

:05:05.:05:08.

the controversial energy scheme. More of that in a minute. Mr

:05:09.:05:12.

McGuinness gave a statement, he says an election is needed, that seems

:05:13.:05:16.

likely by the way. This is more of what he said. We in Sinn Fein will

:05:17.:05:25.

not tolerate the arrogance. Sinn Fein wants equality and respect for

:05:26.:05:30.

everyone, and that's what this process must be about. So today I

:05:31.:05:38.

have told Arlene Foster that I have tendered my resignation, effective

:05:39.:05:46.

from 5pm today. So I believe today is the right time to call a halt to

:05:47.:05:54.

the DUP's arrogance. The BBC's Stephen Walker in our Belfast

:05:55.:05:57.

newsroom has been helping me describe the controversy at the

:05:58.:06:05.

centre of this story. What is at the heart of this dispute is a story

:06:06.:06:08.

that has been going on in Northern Ireland for a number of months. This

:06:09.:06:12.

renewable heating scheme was set up, the idea was it would move one form

:06:13.:06:17.

of energy to renewable forms of energy but the tariffs were set too

:06:18.:06:24.

high. It ended up potentially costing the executive ?400 million,

:06:25.:06:28.

so a big mistake was made. Then there was lots of criticism over the

:06:29.:06:33.

way that that scheme was handled. Here in Northern Ireland we have

:06:34.:06:36.

this power sharing executive, we have the DUP as the lead unionist

:06:37.:06:40.

parties sharing power with Sinn Fein, so we have Arlene Foster as

:06:41.:06:45.

First Minister and Martin McGuinness as Deputy First Minister. That is

:06:46.:06:47.

the way the government has to work, and if you haven't got a First

:06:48.:06:51.

Minister or a Deputy First Minister, then the power-sharing can't work,

:06:52.:06:54.

and what we have seen today is Martin McGuinness standing down as

:06:55.:06:59.

Deputy First Minister, because he wanted the First Minister to step

:07:00.:07:02.

aside whilst an investigation took place. She refused to step aside, so

:07:03.:07:07.

he has now decided to step aside himself, which effectively means the

:07:08.:07:12.

end of power-sharing in Northern Ireland. And as such, Stephen, is

:07:13.:07:16.

this sufficiently serious that it is a threat to the longer-term

:07:17.:07:21.

political process in Northern Ireland? It certainly means that

:07:22.:07:24.

power-sharing will end, unless there is a replacement for Martin

:07:25.:07:27.

McGuinness. Under the legislation there has to be a replacement within

:07:28.:07:31.

seven days, but Sinn Fein has made it clear there won't be a

:07:32.:07:35.

replacement. Then it. The British government, the Secretary of State

:07:36.:07:38.

then would have to call elections. He has said today he will look at

:07:39.:07:42.

this in terms of a reasonable time period. People are potentially

:07:43.:07:46.

guessing that there could be elections to the Northern Ireland

:07:47.:07:49.

assembly potentially in March, so basically unless there is the

:07:50.:07:51.

Romantic movement in the next few days, we are witnessing the end of

:07:52.:07:56.

this current arrangement between the DUP and Sinn Fein, and then we would

:07:57.:07:59.

see those fresh elections to a new assembly. Much more background on

:08:00.:08:05.

the situation in Northern Ireland available from BBC news online

:08:06.:08:11.

whenever you wanted. Time for Outside Source sport. Let's talk

:08:12.:08:16.

about Cristiano Ronaldo, who has won Fifa's inaugural best Player of the

:08:17.:08:20.

Year award. Will Perry is live with us from the BBC Sport Centre. No

:08:21.:08:23.

great surprise here, I think the thing of more interest as this is a

:08:24.:08:26.

brand-new award when we already have one that does much the same thing.

:08:27.:08:31.

Yes, we should explain that, because for the past six years the world's

:08:32.:08:34.

best player has received what was called the Fifa cosmic Ballon d'Or

:08:35.:08:40.

award. A version of that prize has been awarded from France football's

:08:41.:08:47.

magazine since 1956. Fifa end of the Association of that, instead --

:08:48.:08:54.

ended their association with that. 2016, what a year for Cristiano

:08:55.:08:58.

Ronaldo, as well as scoring that decisive penalty in the shoot out to

:08:59.:09:01.

win the Champions League, he captained Portugal to Euro 2016

:09:02.:09:06.

glory and was recognised with his fourth Ballon d'Or in December. In

:09:07.:09:11.

has something Messi doesn't, which he will enjoy, the honour of being

:09:12.:09:16.

named Best Fifa men's player. The former Manchester United forward had

:09:17.:09:19.

been the favourite in the weeks building up to this. 44 games, 42

:09:20.:09:28.

goals, 14 assists, the top scorer in the Champions League last coracle

:09:29.:09:32.

moustache macro classes and, and he's still only 31. The best men's

:09:33.:09:37.

coach today, Claudio Ranieri, the Leicester City manager. What a yet

:09:38.:09:44.

it has been, recognised -- what a year it has been, taking Leicester

:09:45.:09:47.

City to that and precedent it Premier League title last season. I

:09:48.:09:51.

also want to talk about something else Fifa is up to. We reported

:09:52.:09:54.

before about its plans to expand the World Cup. This is a reporter with

:09:55.:09:58.

the Wall Street Journal. This is what Diego Maradona thinks

:09:59.:10:17.

about the idea. TRANSLATION: I am delighted by Gianni's initiative,

:10:18.:10:21.

because it gives chances to teams that otherwise would start the

:10:22.:10:26.

qualifiers knowing they had no chance of getting to the World Cup.

:10:27.:10:30.

It gives each country the dream, and it renews the passion for football.

:10:31.:10:35.

As far as I'm concerned, it's a fantastic idea. Diego Maradona's

:10:36.:10:41.

keen. There are quite a few other people who aren't so keen. It is

:10:42.:10:45.

hugely controversial, this, but we have some fresh news from Richard

:10:46.:10:51.

Conway out in Zurich for us tonight. Fifa's council are expected as we

:10:52.:10:54.

understand to approve that expansion of the World Cup to 48 teams

:10:55.:10:58.

tomorrow. They have considered five different options. This is the big

:10:59.:11:03.

new idea of the Fifa president, Gianni Infantino, making his

:11:04.:11:10.

statement as president. Europe's big clubs, which provide around 80% of

:11:11.:11:14.

the players at the World Cup have objected to the reforms, believing

:11:15.:11:16.

that there are already too many games being played throughout the

:11:17.:11:20.

course of the season. But a confidential Fifa report that has

:11:21.:11:24.

been seen by the BBC, it proposes that an enlarged competition could

:11:25.:11:28.

be staged in 32 days, a finalist taking part in seven games, and that

:11:29.:11:32.

is the same number as under that current format. That analysis also

:11:33.:11:36.

contends that the quality of football, and this is something that

:11:37.:11:39.

has been questioned, that the quality of football on display would

:11:40.:11:42.

not be watered down with the 16 extra teams. Fifa would expect a 1

:11:43.:11:47.

billion US dollar increase in revenue, the huge, and interestingly

:11:48.:11:56.

it lists how Fifa are looking to make all games including qualifying

:11:57.:12:04.

B1 by winning or losing, now draws, so penalty shoot outs. This is a

:12:05.:12:10.

tweet from ESPN, telling us it is Clemson against Alabama, the

:12:11.:12:14.

rematch, a year in the making, the national championship is up for the

:12:15.:12:17.

grabs. I know this is American college football, it is a big deal.

:12:18.:12:22.

When we asked Anthony circa about US politics, he said he had spent his

:12:23.:12:27.

whole life gathering enough expertise to help us out on this.

:12:28.:12:31.

Hello, let's leave Donald Trump to one side for a moment. For people

:12:32.:12:35.

watching who know nothing about college football, tekkers from the

:12:36.:12:38.

start of this game. All right, as you said, this is a rematch from

:12:39.:12:44.

last year, where Alabama defeated Clemson in a high-scoring shoot out.

:12:45.:12:49.

Both teams are a year wider and Clemson has a quarterback who is a

:12:50.:12:53.

junior, a runner-up for the highest level Trophy in college athletics.

:12:54.:12:58.

Alabama are still considered the favourite, they have won four

:12:59.:13:01.

National Championships in the past eight years, but a lot of wags are

:13:02.:13:05.

picking Clemson to pick an upset. This is only the third year that

:13:06.:13:09.

there has been a play-off in college football, so you are talking about

:13:10.:13:13.

the World Cup going to 48 teams. Well, three years ago there were no

:13:14.:13:17.

teams, just two teams playing in a quasi national championship. Now it

:13:18.:13:21.

is a four team two-game play-off, so I am going to be watching tonight,

:13:22.:13:26.

I'm looking forward to it. Where does college football fit into

:13:27.:13:30.

America's sporting pecking order? Everyone knows the National Football

:13:31.:13:33.

League is the most popular, most watched sport in the US, but number

:13:34.:13:39.

two isn't baseball or NBA basketball, it actually is college

:13:40.:13:43.

football. Last year, the National championship game, 35mm Americans

:13:44.:13:49.

watched the year before when Ohio state won their national

:13:50.:13:55.

championship. -- 35mm Americans. It is very popular, the stadiums across

:13:56.:14:00.

the country regularly draw upwards of 90,000, 100,000 fans. My of box

:14:01.:14:08.

-- -- my hometown, they sell it out regularly in Texas. Across the south

:14:09.:14:12.

it is a very big sport where professional sports are not quite as

:14:13.:14:16.

prominent, at least in Austin, the University of Texas longhorns where

:14:17.:14:19.

the game in town. It is the longhorns, I have been there once

:14:20.:14:23.

and everyone is wearing the T-shirt. Enjoy the game, we have asked quite

:14:24.:14:27.

enough view on this programme. Anthony live in Washington, DC. In a

:14:28.:14:31.

feud minutes, actually we will be hearing from someone else based in

:14:32.:14:36.

the newsroom, because Jon Sopel, the BBC's North America editor has made

:14:37.:14:40.

two special reports on President Obama's legacy. I will play you the

:14:41.:14:50.

first of those in a minute. Here in the UK, the girlfriend of a missing

:14:51.:14:55.

RAF serviceman Corey McKeag says he is due to become a father. He

:14:56.:15:00.

disappeared after a night out with friends in Bury St Edmunds. April

:15:01.:15:04.

Oliver, his mother, had been speaking to the BBC. We started off

:15:05.:15:13.

seeing each other, and it was quite casual. We were both seeing other

:15:14.:15:19.

people at the time, and then we sort of lead on to have, stations whereby

:15:20.:15:23.

we thought it was getting serious, and what we going to do, and what

:15:24.:15:29.

plans we had. We know he disappeared at the end of September, how

:15:30.:15:32.

recently had you seen him before then? I had seen him near enough the

:15:33.:15:42.

same week that he had gone missing. Apart from the RAF boys, I think I

:15:43.:15:46.

was one of the last people to see him. Which is quite hard. When he

:15:47.:15:51.

went missing you happen to be away abroad with your family, so when did

:15:52.:15:57.

you here had gone missing? I had only been there literally a few days

:15:58.:16:01.

when I got a call from the RAF boys, asking if I had seen him or heard

:16:02.:16:07.

from him, on the Monday, I think it was. And then that's when I knew

:16:08.:16:12.

that he was obviously missing, and then I very quickly got a plane

:16:13.:16:16.

home. And then how long after that did you then discover that you were

:16:17.:16:21.

pregnant? I found out I was pregnant a couple of weeks after I came back,

:16:22.:16:25.

obviously after going through police interviews. Unfortunately I have had

:16:26.:16:29.

to make a massive decision by myself. I mean I was hoping and

:16:30.:16:33.

praying that we would find out some information that he would come home

:16:34.:16:35.

so we could make the decision together. We have had, stations

:16:36.:16:40.

about children and what we wanted in the past, and it was something that

:16:41.:16:45.

I hope that he would be here to help me make the decision, but

:16:46.:16:50.

unfortunately he isn't. And this will be first grandchild? It will,

:16:51.:16:57.

yeah. Should be a occasion for you. Can you feel any joy about it at the

:16:58.:17:03.

moment? I was at the scan with April the other day, and I don't think

:17:04.:17:07.

anybody could see that and not be affected by it. But it is incredibly

:17:08.:17:16.

difficult to bounce my head, as it is for April as well, from the

:17:17.:17:21.

excitement of a new baby, to what we're actually trying to focus on

:17:22.:17:22.

just now, and that is Cory. Our lead story comes from

:17:23.:17:37.

Washington, DC. The US president elect Donald Trump intends to

:17:38.:17:41.

appoint his son-in-law Jared Cook Schmid as a senior adviser to the

:17:42.:17:44.

White House. This is what you have got coming up after Outside Source.

:17:45.:17:49.

If you're watching outside the UK, World News America next with a

:17:50.:17:52.

report on Brazil's government's plan to build dozens of huge

:17:53.:17:57.

hydroelectric dams in the Amazon. If you are watching here in the UK, the

:17:58.:18:01.

news at ten with Huw Edwards, who will have more on Northern Ireland

:18:02.:18:10.

was Mac deepening political crisis. Barrett Obama's presidency ends on

:18:11.:18:16.

January 20. Our North America editor Jon Sobel has made two special

:18:17.:18:22.

reports to look at his legacy. Tomorrow's will consider foreign

:18:23.:18:24.

policy. Today's is about what the president has achieved at home.

:18:25.:18:29.

It wasn't just the hope when Barack Obama came to office, it was the

:18:30.:18:37.

wild expectation too. That the country's problems would be solved

:18:38.:18:41.

at a stroke. That the first African-American president would

:18:42.:18:44.

usher in a post-racial era. No more black America or white America, just

:18:45.:18:51.

the United States of America. But the lingering vestiges of that dream

:18:52.:18:54.

disappeared in the summer of 2014, in clouds of tear gas in a

:18:55.:18:58.

nondescript suburb of St Louis Mazzarri called Ferguson. An unarmed

:18:59.:19:02.

black man had been shot by a white police officer. It was a pattern

:19:03.:19:08.

that would become all-too-familiar. In Charleston, South Carolina,

:19:09.:19:11.

Walter Scott had been pulled over for a minor motoring offence.

:19:12.:19:16.

Footage captures the white police officer who stopped shooting him in

:19:17.:19:19.

the back several times before he dies. The policeman claimed self

:19:20.:19:26.

defence. At his trial, which ended last month, the jury was unable to

:19:27.:19:31.

reach a verdict. The court therefore must declare a mistrial. Another

:19:32.:19:35.

symbol for the black community that things haven't changed. I think his

:19:36.:19:39.

legacy to him is more important right now to paint a picture that he

:19:40.:19:47.

did a real good job in America. But most black folks are very

:19:48.:19:52.

disappointed, because they feel otherwise. The issue of race and

:19:53.:19:57.

another of America must migrate intractable social problems, gun

:19:58.:20:01.

violence, came together to horrific effect inside this famous

:20:02.:20:04.

African-American church in Charleston. A white supremacist who,

:20:05.:20:08.

with his string of drug convictions, should have never been able to

:20:09.:20:12.

purchase a gun, walked inside a Bible study group and killed eight

:20:13.:20:18.

worshippers and the pastor in cold blood. Barrett Obama had always

:20:19.:20:21.

seemed reluctant to define himself as a black president, preoccupied by

:20:22.:20:27.

racial issues, but after these shootings, that changed, as he came

:20:28.:20:32.

to Charleston and showed how he felt the community's pain.

:20:33.:20:38.

# Amazing Grace, how sweet the sound, that saved a wretch like me.

:20:39.:20:56.

Obama's two terms in office perpetuated by the crack of

:20:57.:21:00.

gunshots. I think there are some of a shooting in here. An endless

:21:01.:21:05.

series of random mass killings that started with the slaying of 20

:21:06.:21:09.

children and six of their teachers at Sandy Hook elementary school. The

:21:10.:21:14.

President's famously cool demeanour was gone after this. Every time I

:21:15.:21:19.

think about those kids, it gets me mad. And, by the way, it happens on

:21:20.:21:27.

the streets of Chicago every day. I refuse to act as if this is the new

:21:28.:21:31.

normal. This is not something I can do by myself. Such violence, such

:21:32.:21:37.

evil, is senseless. Again and again, you wanted tougher legislation on

:21:38.:21:43.

gun control. But he failed to his evident consternation when we sat

:21:44.:21:48.

down and spoke. If you ask me where has been the one area where I feel

:21:49.:21:55.

that I've been most frustrated and most stymied, it is the fact that

:21:56.:21:59.

the United States of America is the one advanced nation on earth in

:22:00.:22:04.

which we do not have sufficient common sense gun safety laws. That

:22:05.:22:12.

there have been some legislative successes. Millions more Americans

:22:13.:22:16.

now have health insurance than was previously the case, although

:22:17.:22:21.

Obamacare has created many losers too, and the economy, which was flat

:22:22.:22:26.

on its back eight years ago, is starting to bloom, and people are

:22:27.:22:30.

spending their money again. We have not just come back stronger from the

:22:31.:22:35.

great recession, we have actually built an economy that is the envy of

:22:36.:22:41.

the world, and that is an important part of President Obama's legacy.

:22:42.:22:47.

Happy New Year! But it proved to be a fruitless recovery when it

:22:48.:22:50.

mattered, there will be no Democrat succeeding him in the White House,

:22:51.:22:54.

so one of his final acts was to make a last journey to Capitol Hill to

:22:55.:22:57.

urge his party's lawmakers to fight off Republican attempts to dismantle

:22:58.:23:02.

Obamacare and the rest of his domestic legacy. Lookout for the

:23:03.:23:08.

American people. Jon Sopel, BBC News, Washington.

:23:09.:23:09.

We will finish Outside Source by talking about what Meryl Streep had

:23:10.:23:17.

to say about President Obama's successor, Donald Trump. This was a

:23:18.:23:21.

speech he gave at the Golden Globes. She didn't mention Donald Trump by

:23:22.:23:23.

name but then she didn't really need to. Disrespect invites the suspect,

:23:24.:23:32.

violence insides violence. When the powerful use their position to bully

:23:33.:23:38.

others, we all lose. So Hollywood is crawling with outsiders and

:23:39.:23:42.

foreigners, and if we kick them all out you will have nothing to watch

:23:43.:23:46.

but football and mixed martial arts, which are not the arts. She might

:23:47.:23:50.

not have mentioned him by name but Donald Trump knew who she was

:23:51.:23:52.

talking about and was not going to let it pass of course. He took to

:23:53.:23:55.

twitter saying that this. Queue a huge media storm and a

:23:56.:24:14.

stand-off between a very well-known actress and the President-elect.

:24:15.:24:18.

Some say this is all a distraction from far more important issues. We

:24:19.:24:22.

spotted this from a law professor in Minnesota.

:24:23.:24:32.

We have reported it, so we haven't ignored it, but we will leave it

:24:33.:24:38.

there. Thank you very much indeed for watching. Remember our lead

:24:39.:24:41.

story that Donald Trump intends to appoint his son-in-law, Jared

:24:42.:24:46.

Kushner, as a senior adviser in the White House. That is it for the

:24:47.:24:50.

first Outside Source of the week. See you tomorrow at the same time.

:24:51.:25:10.

Hello, not a great start the week from any part of

:25:11.:25:11.