10/01/2017 Outside Source


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10/01/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.

:00:10.:00:11.

Let's look through some of the main stories here in the BBC Newsroom.

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Jeff Sessions, the man who wants to become

:00:15.:00:17.

Donald Trump's Attorney General - has been grilled by Republicans

:00:18.:00:20.

He's rejected allegations of racial and accepted that same-sex

:00:21.:00:28.

marriage and the right to abortion were the law of the land.

:00:29.:00:32.

President Obama has taken off from Washington. He has headed to

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Chicago, where he will make his farewell address McCormick

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Convention Centre. We will look at this in a moment.

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And our technology reporter is going to look at how the US military is

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using many drones. An incredible story in about 15 minutes. -- is

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using mini-drones. President Obama is preparing

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to give his farewell address in his hometown Chicago in a huge

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convention centre These are the last few days of his

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time in the White House. It is in a huge convention centre.

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He returns tonight to the city where he gave his acceptance speech

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You will all remember those pictures. Where Laura Chevenement

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was in Chicago was so wildly, we had to abandon those plans. This is what

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Gary O'Donoghue told us earlier. In a sense, it will

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mark President Obama's last chance to sum up, really, what he thinks

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he's achieved. Two big end his presidency, to try and not just to

:02:03.:02:06.

list his achievements as he sees it, but try and weave together those

:02:07.:02:11.

achievements into some sort of idea of how America has improved over the

:02:12.:02:17.

last 80 years, in his view, under his stewardship. There will be a lot

:02:18.:02:21.

about the economy, the jobs. There will be a lot about criminal justice

:02:22.:02:27.

reform. I am sure of course there will be talk about his signature

:02:28.:02:35.

policy on health care reform. There may be an admission about what he

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would have liked to get done but he didn't, such as comprehensive

:02:40.:02:45.

immigration reform and gun controls. I told you it was windy and I think

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it got worse, which is why Laura had to take cover.

:02:49.:02:49.

To mark President Obama's imminent departure from the White House,

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our North America editor Jon Sopel has one made two special reports.

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The first looked at what the President did

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There was always something upside down about Barack Obama receiving

:02:58.:03:08.

the Nobel Peace Prize before he had really done anything as president.

:03:09.:03:15.

When he came to office, one the greatest strategic threats

:03:16.:03:20.

was Iran, a resurgent power in the region.

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But more important than that was securing a multinational deal

:03:23.:03:26.

to curb the nuclear ambitions of Tehran, an agreement was struck

:03:27.:03:29.

despite fierce opposition from the Israeli Prime Minister.

:03:30.:03:40.

When the Israeli Prime Minister came to address Congress two years ago,

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there was fury in the White House, they were angry that an invitation

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had been extended by Republican leaders and accepted

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But very soon, someone much more to the Israeli Prime Minister's

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liking will be occupying the White House and the quest

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in the world is asking, will the Iran nuclear deal survives

:03:56.:03:57.

For over a year, we have been told that no deal

:03:58.:04:07.

His relationship with Netanyahu was one of the lows, relating

:04:08.:04:19.

in the US refusing to veto a UN resolution critical of the Israeli

:04:20.:04:22.

The chemistry with the Russian leader Putin

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was no better, Crimea, cyber espionage and Syria left

:04:30.:04:31.

The pledge at the start of his presidency was all about disengaging

:04:32.:04:36.

from costly conflict and bringing the troops back home.

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We can say to those families who have lost loved ones

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to Al-Qaeda's terror, justice has been done.

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But the optimism brought by the successful raid to kill Osama

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bin Ladin in 2011 and the spread of the Arab Spring...

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would eventually be replaced by a middle east in flames.

:04:58.:05:01.

And the rise of so-called Islamic State, the fight against

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Arguably, the low point for President Obama

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in the Middle East has been Syria, which has been a humanitarian

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catastrophe, sparking the worst refugee crisis since World War II.

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And the president's failure to act against President Assad

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despite much huffing and puffing, has come

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A red line for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons

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I think it was a mistake not to enforce the red line.

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When the US is clearly saying there could be

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consequences for a certain action, it is important

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I also would not confuse that with crossing the chemical weapons

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red line with the notion that there was interventionist

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The policy toward Syria is much like the embassy here in Washington,

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an empty shell, newspapers piling up on the doorstep, the windows barred.

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And in the talks to bring peace to the country,

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Barack Obama has flip-flopped over whether to take military action,

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too slow to react to the dangers of so-called Islamic State.

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It's been a period in which American influence

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has waned and Russian influence has increased.

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From one empty embassy to another, that has had

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new life breathed into it, this is the Cuban Embassy

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For over 50 years, it had lain derelict, a last

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In the warmth of the Caribbean island, Barack Obama consigned

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the last piece of icy Cold War legacy to history.

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Cuba had brought the world to the edge of nuclear war.

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Now diplomatic relations are restored, an extraordinary

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He leaves office largely admired and popular around the world.

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Not least for his role in the global climate change deal.

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He tried to carve out a foreign policy that he saw

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But as the commander-in-chief was given the traditional

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send-off, in his own way, was he as destructive

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to US power and influence as his predecessor, George W Bush?

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And what would the Nobel committee make of him, eight years on?

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If you were watching Outside Source yesterday we were looking ahead to a

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Fifa decision on whether the World Cup would get bigger and it is going

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to. From 2026 it'll feature 48

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countries, up from 32. There will be 16 groups

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of three nations. The top two teams from each group

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will progress to a 32 16 more games, but no more

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games for the winner. The BBC's Richard Conway sat down

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with the Fifa president. Fifa has finally cleared a path to a

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World Cup of 48 teams from 2026, 16 more countries will join football's

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flagship tournament. Speaking to me today, the world governing body's

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president insisted in the face of much criticism, it's time for the

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sport to look beyond its traditional borders. Football has now become a

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truly global game. Many more countries, many more teams will have

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the chance to qualify so they will invest in developing football, they

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will invest in developing elite football as well as grassroots

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football. They will invest in their technical elements and this will

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raise the quality. The growth of the World Cup will bring enormous extra

:09:00.:09:04.

revenue and Fifa stands to make an additional ?500 million profit in

:09:05.:09:09.

2026 according to its own research. But the man elected as Fifa

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President partly on a pledge to deliver a bigger competition, insist

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it's not about cash politics. It's not only a money power grab. It's

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the opposite. It's a football decision. The way we presented it

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was, OK, we presented four formats, everyone in the four formats has

:09:29.:09:33.

advantages in terms of the financial situation. Which means we are in a

:09:34.:09:37.

comfortable situation to be able to take a decision, simply based on the

:09:38.:09:44.

sporting merit. Asia, where interested football is booming and

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Africa stand to benefit the most web they are divided up. There will be

:09:51.:09:52.

more slots for fuller nations. They believe it will give them a

:09:53.:10:01.

better chance of qualifying. After a number of years, when Fifa was a

:10:02.:10:04.

byword for corruption its new leadership is determined to assert

:10:05.:10:10.

itself. Gianni Infantino's task is to convince his critics ever formed

:10:11.:10:12.

World Cup is a force for good. As you heard, Asia and Africa could

:10:13.:10:22.

stand to benefit the most from this expanded World Cup.

:10:23.:10:27.

A lot of support for it on the continent, they have been talking to

:10:28.:10:34.

people from Lagos, Nairobi, Cape Town. A lot of support for this move

:10:35.:10:38.

because it means some of the smaller African countries will be able to

:10:39.:10:41.

get the opportunity to get to the World Cup. But some people are

:10:42.:10:44.

saying this world I lived there World Cup, the quality of the

:10:45.:10:48.

football, at the World Cup. -- saying this will download the World

:10:49.:10:53.

Cup. If we have some smaller countries not footballing nations

:10:54.:10:55.

manage and develop for the World Cup, what happens when they meet

:10:56.:10:59.

Germany on the big stage? -- managed to qualify. It reduces the chances

:11:00.:11:03.

of a shock exit in the first round, two or three will go through. If you

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look at the Euros, which just got expired last summer, some of the

:11:09.:11:12.

football was dire. There was the shock value, we saw the likes of

:11:13.:11:17.

Ireland, Wales, really performing on the big stage. That could happen.

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With 48 teams at the World Cup, you've got to admit, those shocks

:11:23.:11:24.

will be far and few between. Sir Dave Brailsford has given

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an exclusive interview to the BBC about the ongoing questions

:11:33.:11:34.

surrounding the Team Sky Many of those questions relate

:11:35.:11:36.

to Sir Bradley Wiggins' authorised use of a banned substance in 2011

:11:37.:11:40.

and to a medical package Here they are talking about the head

:11:41.:11:43.

of UK Anti-Doping being critical of evidence that Dave Brailsford

:11:44.:11:49.

gave to parliament. Most fair-minded people in Britain

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would accept that if any issue from the start of process and there is an

:12:03.:12:05.

authority, which is the right place, really, do get the bottom of

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something, and it's a diligent process and we all trust and respect

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that and we're in the middle of that, and there's an opening

:12:13.:12:16.

investigation, which is still ongoing, the chair of that

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organisation, to discuss the actual contents of that investigation,

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whilst it's live and open, that's extraordinary. Do not except accept

:12:25.:12:30.

that some people have lost trust in Team Sky because it has been handled

:12:31.:12:35.

badly? -- do you not accept that. There is a differs between handling

:12:36.:12:38.

and wrongdoing, let's be clear. There might be a PR issue. -- there

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is a difference. And the facts of wrongdoing. They are separate

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things. When Chris Froome was asked whether he still supported you on

:12:49.:12:51.

Friday didn't give you his explicit backing, did that disappoint you?

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Does that undermine new leadership? He was put in a difficult situation

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but the questions he was asked. We're not talking about performance.

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He does not need to be put in that situation because it is not for him

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to answer, those questions are not for him to answer, they offered me

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to answer. How much does this add a new, updated with Sir Bradley

:13:10.:13:12.

Wiggins retiring over the festive period, the fact that this has cast

:13:13.:13:16.

a cloud over his achievements. -- how much does this sad anew. His

:13:17.:13:20.

achievements and Team Sky. Does that Saddam knew?

:13:21.:13:22.

It is regrettable. But equally, the test of time is the key thing. Over

:13:23.:13:29.

time, we will continue to perform at the highest level and continue to do

:13:30.:13:32.

it at the right level and give people the reasons to feel proud of

:13:33.:13:38.

our achievements. Give them a team they can believe in and support. You

:13:39.:13:43.

can find that on the BBC sport at now. -- sport app.

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Here's a sport that's just been officially registered

:13:51.:13:52.

Some people also call it free running.

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The UK is the first country to recognise it as a sport.

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It originated in France about 30 years ago and has steadily grown.

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It's recognition as a sport means parkour groups will be able to apply

:14:03.:14:05.

Before we finish, a quick update on the English League Cup semifinal

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1-0 to Manchester United at the moment. Commentary from the BBC

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sport website right now. We will look at amazing stories soon. We

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will explain how drones operate as a swarm and are being used by the US

:14:39.:14:40.

military. There was more travel misery

:14:41.:14:45.

for Southern Rail passengers today, as the network's drivers

:14:46.:14:48.

started a 48-hour strike. Our Transport Correspondent Richard

:14:49.:14:52.

Westcott reports that disputes over plans for driver-only operated

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trains could spread to other More than 2,200 Southern services

:14:55.:14:57.

weren't running today. Platform 2 for the delayed

:14:58.:15:13.

07:47 Thameslink service. Their passengers were forced

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to find other routes in. The whole situation seems

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like a complete joke. I'd like to know that

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when I get on the train, that I'm going to end up

:15:20.:15:22.

at my destination at a certain time. Well, this is the queue just to get

:15:23.:15:25.

into East Croydon station, all of these people are trying

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to get to London, it's It snakes around a lot,

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then actually goes down the side of the station,

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probably about 100 meters For nearly a year, they've been

:15:38.:15:39.

rowing about changes to the role Southern wants drivers to take over

:15:40.:15:43.

closing the train doors. The unions say that

:15:44.:15:51.

threatens safety and jobs. Southern says no-one's

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losing their post and the safety This is The Body Shop's

:15:53.:15:55.

new ?1 million lab in Croydon. They moved hundreds of staff

:15:56.:16:08.

here last year because of the great train service, but Southern's

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drivers aren't working overtime at the moment,

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causing delays and cancellations It's having a devastating effect

:16:15.:16:16.

on The Body Shop's staff. They're missing childrens'

:16:17.:16:26.

birthdays, they can't arrange meetings,

:16:27.:16:28.

they're having arguments at home. They're feeling stressed,

:16:29.:16:29.

tired and irritable and there's a number of people saying every day,

:16:30.:16:34.

from about 4:00pm, they're sitting getting more and more stressed

:16:35.:16:37.

about whether they're going to get home, at all, or on time

:16:38.:16:40.

for the commitment Back on board, several

:16:41.:16:42.

commuters said this: I mean, the Government need

:16:43.:16:46.

to do something about it. So the BBC put the question

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to the Minister. REPORTER: What are you,

:16:49.:16:52.

as Transport Secretary, Don't you have a duty

:16:53.:16:53.

to step in on behalf..? The Government's engaged day in,

:16:54.:16:59.

day out in trying to find a way to get this issued resolved,

:17:00.:17:05.

and will carry on doing that. In Merseyside, unions are fighting

:17:06.:17:08.

similar plans to bring It's Southern today,

:17:09.:17:10.

but this issue threatens We are live in the BBC newsroom.

:17:11.:17:33.

Senator Jeff Sessions is the man that Donald Trump would like to be

:17:34.:17:35.

the US Attorney General. He's had a six and a half hour

:17:36.:17:42.

Senate confirmation hearing and he has commented on a whole range of

:17:43.:17:46.

issues from racism, from those allegations that Donald Trump groped

:17:47.:17:50.

women, two other issues. You can get a full update on BBC news. Some of

:17:51.:17:58.

the main stories, including what is coming outside of the UK.

:17:59.:18:00.

If you're outside of the UK, it's World News America next

:18:01.:18:02.

and they will be looking at the final days of

:18:03.:18:05.

Barack Obama's presidency, Katty Kay will be talking

:18:06.:18:07.

to Former Defense Secretary William Cohen.

:18:08.:18:08.

Here in the UK, the News at Ten is next, they'll be looking

:18:09.:18:11.

at the significant rise in the number of people

:18:12.:18:13.

with mental health problems sking to be seen at Accident

:18:14.:18:16.

These are quite something, these pictures.

:18:17.:18:27.

I want to show these pictures of the US military

:18:28.:18:29.

using miniature swarming drones during a test in California.

:18:30.:18:35.

They are dropped out of these planes.

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These are called Super Hornets and they release the mini-drones

:18:39.:18:40.

It does pixelate but you will get an idea. Little black dots coming out

:18:41.:18:57.

of the bottom of the planes. There are 103 drones -

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they operate autonomously but share Not a phrase I felt confident

:18:59.:19:01.

explaining to you. I'll let Chris Baraniuk

:19:02.:19:12.

explain what that means. The key thing with these

:19:13.:19:15.

drones is they communicate We don't know the full details

:19:16.:19:17.

of how they work, but the point is, there is no one central computer

:19:18.:19:23.

within the swarm, deciding what all the other drones

:19:24.:19:25.

do and where they fly. They have a set of targets they move

:19:26.:19:29.

towards and around and no matter where one or two of them go,

:19:30.:19:33.

the swarm as a whole eventually Again, development of defence

:19:34.:19:36.

isn't very forthcoming on too many details,

:19:37.:19:43.

but the assumption is that this would be very good for

:19:44.:19:45.

surveillance purposes. I've heard military analysts say

:19:46.:19:51.

things like this kind of military system could allow for watching

:19:52.:19:54.

traffic on a road. These drones could hover nearby,

:19:55.:19:56.

out of sight, out of mind. Or maybe even in slightly more

:19:57.:19:59.

built-up environments. With the number of important

:20:00.:20:03.

technological developments, you get the development and then

:20:04.:20:05.

everything gets smaller. Is the same now

:20:06.:20:07.

happening with drones? This is really interesting

:20:08.:20:08.

with the military applications here. There are a couple of very small

:20:09.:20:13.

drones being developed. There is one called the Black Hornet

:20:14.:20:16.

which costs about $40,000 but these drones are much,

:20:17.:20:21.

much cheaper than that, we think. They could be produced

:20:22.:20:24.

for the cost of maybe a few In terms of the computing

:20:25.:20:27.

power within them, how do they compare with a mobile phone

:20:28.:20:32.

or other small devices? We understand the circuitry

:20:33.:20:36.

is pretty simple, really. It's all to do with the fact

:20:37.:20:42.

that the software, the artificial intelligence software,

:20:43.:20:45.

inside them is simply making And not relying on too much

:20:46.:20:47.

hard number crunching. The mind boggles, thank you very

:20:48.:20:58.

much for that explanation. We've had stories from Gambia, Ivory

:20:59.:21:08.

Coast, Japan, Afghanistan and the US and UK and we will continue with a

:21:09.:21:10.

story that involves Switzerland. The European Court of Human Rights

:21:11.:21:18.

has ruled that Swiss schools can insist that Muslim girls take

:21:19.:21:21.

part in mixed-sex school A Muslim couple had

:21:22.:21:23.

brought the case. I turned to Athar Ahmed,

:21:24.:21:45.

BBC Asian Network. The parents were two Swiss nationals

:21:46.:21:49.

of Turkish origin living in Basel. They were fined 1300 euros for not

:21:50.:22:01.

allowing their 22 teenage daughters to take part in mixed swimming

:22:02.:22:04.

lessons because of their religious beliefs as Muslims. -- allowing

:22:05.:22:07.

their two teenage daughters. They said it was a breach of Article

:22:08.:22:14.

nine, freedom, conscious thought and religion. The European Court of

:22:15.:22:17.

Human Rights said that although the religious freedom was interfered

:22:18.:22:22.

with, there was no direct violation. Is this specific to Switzerland, is

:22:23.:22:25.

this brooding having impacts across Europe? At the moment, last year in

:22:26.:22:28.

Switzerland, there was another case similar to this one when a Bosnian

:22:29.:22:33.

man, a Swiss National, was fined for not allowing his daughter to swim in

:22:34.:22:37.

school. There is a trend emerging it seems. In terms of Switzerland's

:22:38.:22:42.

approach to these issues, is it different to how the UK Government

:22:43.:22:47.

might approach it? Or the French comment? The European Court of Human

:22:48.:22:50.

Rights today have said that the Swiss authorities have the right to

:22:51.:22:54.

dictate their academic setup. Whether that dictates their

:22:55.:23:00.

educational setup, the lessons, is based on the values and that is

:23:01.:23:02.

doubly something which is different to the British setup. Is this ruling

:23:03.:23:09.

relevant to faith schools? In the UK, faith schools take a certain

:23:10.:23:13.

approach that some state schools, other state schools don't. Are there

:23:14.:23:17.

comparisons elsewhere in Europe? Potentially. This is why state

:23:18.:23:20.

rulings are interesting because it is dictating for the first time the

:23:21.:23:25.

significance of things like mixed faith interaction. Today Bosman

:23:26.:23:28.

ruling was interesting because it is not just about these two girls

:23:29.:23:32.

learning how to swim, the European court said it is about interaction.

:23:33.:23:37.

And how these girls, who are essentially foreigners can interact

:23:38.:23:38.

with Swiss society. Breaking news from the US in the

:23:39.:23:48.

last few seconds from Reuters, a jury has condemned Dylann Roof to

:23:49.:23:52.

death for the 2015 South Carolina church massacre. This was the attack

:23:53.:23:56.

from June 2000 and 15. Nine people lost their lives in.

:23:57.:24:01.

said he still felt he had to do it and was sentenced to death for

:24:02.:24:07.

killing those people. Just before we finish, farewell and

:24:08.:24:15.

we will pay tribute to one of the world's first female war

:24:16.:24:20.

correspondence. Claire Hollingworth has died aged 105. She reported

:24:21.:24:28.

German tanks were gathering on the Polish border in 1939 and she broke

:24:29.:24:33.

the news of the Nazi invasion and that was the trigger for the Second

:24:34.:24:39.

World War. She reported on many other conflicts around the world but

:24:40.:24:41.

inevitably she will be remembered for what became known as the scoop

:24:42.:24:44.

of the century. Thank you for watching, I will see

:24:45.:24:50.

you tomorrow at the same time. The weather is turning pretty lively

:24:51.:25:11.

over the next few days. A week whether fans drifting south and

:25:12.:25:15.

east. Not much rain but as

:25:16.:25:16.