03/01/2017 World News Today


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03/01/2017

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Nuala McGovern.

:00:07.:00:10.

The man charged with helping guide Brexit -

:00:11.:00:12.

the UK's ambassador to the EU - has abruptly resigned.

:00:13.:00:17.

Sir Ivan Rogers has quit, with the formal negotiations

:00:18.:00:22.

on leaving the EU due to begin in less than three months.

:00:23.:00:27.

US Republicans reverse a decision on the controversial ethics

:00:28.:00:29.

committee following critical tweets by Donald Trump.

:00:30.:00:32.

What actually happened on Capitol Hill today?

:00:33.:00:36.

It comes as the president-elect threatens General Motors with 'a big

:00:37.:00:42.

Are other car companies taking note?

:00:43.:00:45.

In Turkey, the arrests continue as the hunt for the suspected gunman

:00:46.:00:48.

of the Istanbul nightclub attack intensifies.

:00:49.:00:58.

And going full-circle - how vinyl is making a comeback,

:00:59.:01:02.

with the sales in the UK of records hitting a 25-year high.

:01:03.:01:25.

Britain's top diplomat to the European Union has resigned

:01:26.:01:29.

just months before the government is due to kick off

:01:30.:01:31.

Sir Ivan Rogers found himself at the centre of a political storm

:01:32.:01:35.

recently when he told ministers a UK-EU trade deal could take

:01:36.:01:38.

Now he's quit as Britain's ambassador to the European Union.

:01:39.:01:44.

Leave campaigners are celebrating his departure.

:01:45.:01:48.

One leading Brexiteer, Arron Banks, has called Sir Ivan "a pessimist"

:01:49.:01:53.

and a member of the "pro-EU Old Guard".

:01:54.:01:55.

But others say it has dealt a serious blow

:01:56.:01:57.

Behind the darkened windows, at the Prime Minister's side as she arrived

:01:58.:02:17.

at the EU summit, Sir Ivan Rogers tried to keep a low profile. But his

:02:18.:02:21.

warning that it could take the UK ten years to get a new EU trade deal

:02:22.:02:26.

overshadowed what was already a difficult location for Theresa May.

:02:27.:02:32.

Sir Ivan Rogers was one of Britain's's most experienced

:02:33.:02:36.

negotiators. He was a key member of David Cameron's team, when the

:02:37.:02:38.

former prime ministers tried to get an agreement on a new relationship

:02:39.:02:42.

with the EU before the referendum, and some who have worked with him

:02:43.:02:46.

believe his departure is a real loss to the Government. The only way we

:02:47.:02:49.

are going to deliver a successful, workable Brexit is precisely with

:02:50.:02:54.

the expertise of people like Sir Ivan Rogers, who has now been forced

:02:55.:02:58.

to the margins, to the sidelines, because of the angry deal of those

:02:59.:03:03.

who will not accept anyone who says anything different than what they

:03:04.:03:08.

happen to believe in. But leading Brexit campaigners are delighted he

:03:09.:03:13.

is gone. Sir Ivan Rogers was part of the establishment that frankly have

:03:14.:03:17.

not accepted the referendum result and and are hoping that frankly it

:03:18.:03:20.

will never happen, and I am sorry to say but the Foreign Office is

:03:21.:03:23.

stocked with these type of people from top to bottom. For decades,

:03:24.:03:26.

they been taking Brittany completely wrong direction and I hope that his

:03:27.:03:29.

departure is followed by many, many more. In her New Year message, the

:03:30.:03:34.

Prime Minister stressed her commitment to getting a Brexit deal

:03:35.:03:39.

that works for everyone. For we have made a momentous decision and set

:03:40.:03:43.

ourselves on a new direction. And whoever takes over as the UK

:03:44.:03:46.

representative to the EU will play a critical role. Theresa May has said

:03:47.:03:52.

she will trigger Article 50 by the end of March at the official line is

:03:53.:03:56.

that Sir Ivan Rogers has decided to leave now so a new appointment can

:03:57.:03:59.

be made before the start of those formal negotiations on Britain does

:04:00.:04:03.

not departure from the EU. Hilary Benn is chair

:04:04.:04:04.

of the Brexit Select Committee and a British Labour

:04:05.:04:07.

member of parliament. He was also a prominent

:04:08.:04:09.

Remain supporter leading Good to have you with us. Hello. I

:04:10.:04:25.

was reading that you said it could not be a more difficult time to

:04:26.:04:29.

organise a handover. Why do you think Sir Ivan Rogers has decided to

:04:30.:04:33.

step down at this time? The truth is that none of us really know the

:04:34.:04:36.

answer to that question. Obviously, when he informed his staff today it

:04:37.:04:45.

came as a surprise to them. Maybe he will say something subsequently,

:04:46.:04:47.

maybe he will not. But I think the most important thing is that if he

:04:48.:04:52.

is going, the Government needs to get a move on and ensure that his

:04:53.:04:57.

successor is put impulse as quickly as possible, because this could not

:04:58.:05:01.

come at him or difficult time, when the country is about to bark on the

:05:02.:05:06.

most significant, important negotiations that we are faced in a

:05:07.:05:10.

decade. There have been some reports that have been linked to his

:05:11.:05:13.

comments made that it could take up to a decade for Brexit negotiations.

:05:14.:05:20.

Do you think it is? I don't know because we do not know the reason

:05:21.:05:24.

why he has decided to go early, but I thought the criticism there was

:05:25.:05:28.

from some quarters about those reporting comments was very unfair.

:05:29.:05:32.

Sir Ivan Rogers is a very experienced, highly respected

:05:33.:05:38.

official. His job is of course, the principal part of his job, is to

:05:39.:05:46.

argue Britain's case in Europe at the other representatives and the

:05:47.:05:49.

other is to report back fairly and honestly on what people are saying

:05:50.:05:52.

to him and what he was doing, as I understand it in that case, was to

:05:53.:05:55.

say that I have spoken to a lot of people and some people say it could

:05:56.:05:58.

take up to ten years. There is not much point in shooting the messenger

:05:59.:06:01.

in those circumstances because in the end what we are able to get out

:06:02.:06:04.

of this because Haitians is going to depend first of all on what we ask

:06:05.:06:10.

for and at the moment we have no idea what the Government's

:06:11.:06:13.

negotiating objectives are because they have not published their plan,

:06:14.:06:17.

but ultimately it will be decided by what the other 27 member states are

:06:18.:06:20.

prepared to agree to, and therefore we need some body in Brussels as a

:06:21.:06:23.

successor to Sir Ivan Rogers you will be able to learn from them what

:06:24.:06:28.

the stars is going to be, what they appear to accept, where the ring for

:06:29.:06:34.

Coppermine 's might be because there will be two parties to this

:06:35.:06:38.

negotiation, the UK and the other 27 members bits -- member states. --

:06:39.:06:45.

where the room for compromise might be. Some have said that it should be

:06:46.:06:53.

someone who is more in favour of leaving the EU. What would you say

:06:54.:06:58.

to that? I would say that the job of the civil service is to represent

:06:59.:07:01.

the Government of the day and do the job of the Government of the data

:07:02.:07:04.

set up what the policy of that Government is and our civil

:07:05.:07:08.

servants, who have a very high reputation in the world, get on and

:07:09.:07:13.

try to make it happen. In the end, this negotiation will be decided by

:07:14.:07:16.

politicians on either side of the table but we need an effective

:07:17.:07:20.

operator in Brussels and Sir Ivan Rogers has certainly been that and

:07:21.:07:23.

that is why we need to know who his replacement is going to be as

:07:24.:07:26.

quickly as possible. Thank you very much. Hilary Benn speaking to us

:07:27.:07:30.

from West London. The first day for the new

:07:31.:07:34.

Congress in the US. And House Republicans have reversed

:07:35.:07:36.

course on a plan to weaken the ethics body that

:07:37.:07:39.

investigated political misconduct. Their plan to erode the ethics

:07:40.:07:40.

committee had angered Democrats and some Republicans including

:07:41.:07:43.

the president-elect on, do they really have to make

:07:44.:07:44.

the weakening of the... Independent Ethics Watchdog,

:07:45.:07:51.

as unfair as it may be, Focus on tax reform healthcare

:07:52.:07:53.

and so many other things Well, we can go live

:07:54.:08:03.

now to Jane O'Brien So what exactly happened? Well,

:08:04.:08:30.

Republicans met in secret last night. Bearing in mind, this is even

:08:31.:08:33.

before they were sworn into Congress. They met in secret and

:08:34.:08:38.

decided that they did not like this watchdog organisation, this ethics

:08:39.:08:42.

office, because in their words, they felt that it over and is did not

:08:43.:08:46.

give them a chance to face their accusers when allegations about

:08:47.:08:49.

their conduct were made and so they decided to remove some of its powers

:08:50.:08:53.

and give oversight to a committee that was effectively run by them.

:08:54.:08:58.

Well, the House Speaker, poll Ryan, said that he did not agree with this

:08:59.:09:02.

at all, that it would look of all, which it did, and he objected and

:09:03.:09:05.

said do not do it. They didn't listen. This morning, Donald Trump

:09:06.:09:11.

tweets and says what are you doing? You have far more important things

:09:12.:09:16.

to be working with and they did this extraordinary U-turn. The amazing

:09:17.:09:18.

thing is that here we have the President-elect publicly rebuking

:09:19.:09:23.

members of his party should be starting the day in triumph, having

:09:24.:09:27.

to in the Senate and retain the house, and looking forward to

:09:28.:09:31.

getting a Republican president. And instead, he is telling them of very

:09:32.:09:35.

publicly, raising questions about how is he going to work with his own

:09:36.:09:39.

party, many of them of course did not support him during the

:09:40.:09:43.

presidential election. So I think the interesting thing about all this

:09:44.:09:45.

is that he is not showing any signs of reconciliation. How is he going

:09:46.:09:50.

to get them on board? To push through his agenda and how are they

:09:51.:09:55.

going to work with him? Let's move onto this new Republican-controlled

:09:56.:09:59.

Congress. It must be keen to get into some other issues. Absolutely.

:10:00.:10:06.

High on the agenda is the repeal of Obama care, the affordable care act.

:10:07.:10:10.

This is the signature piece of legislation from President Barack

:10:11.:10:16.

Obama. It has been very divisive, very controversial. 20 million

:10:17.:10:18.

Americans did gain health-insurance as a result of its, but it has also

:10:19.:10:23.

proved very costly. A lot of people's premium is have gone up,

:10:24.:10:28.

but it is likely to be repealed, and earlier I spoke to the Democratic

:10:29.:10:34.

congressman from California, Ted Luiten, and asked what Democrats can

:10:35.:10:39.

do at this stage to save it. We will fight like hell to stop the

:10:40.:10:43.

repealed. We will put up roadblocks and we will let the American people

:10:44.:10:48.

know that it is a really bad idea to throw 20 million Americans of all

:10:49.:10:51.

health care with no plan. Back now, the Republicans have no plan. But

:10:52.:10:55.

they can sell repeal it and you can't stop them. We cant if they all

:10:56.:11:00.

vote to repeal it. It is not clear that is going to happen because many

:11:01.:11:04.

of them have concerns that there is no plan and how do you throw off

:11:05.:11:07.

that many people of health-insurance without giving them something else

:11:08.:11:12.

to put in its place. He is right about that because at the moment,

:11:13.:11:16.

what they intend to replace the Obama care whether is really up in

:11:17.:11:20.

the air. There is no political appetites to abandon the 20 million

:11:21.:11:25.

Americans who now have health-insurance and there are other

:11:26.:11:29.

very popular provisions to and that was why President Obama will be

:11:30.:11:32.

coming here tomorrow to talk to Democrats about what they can

:11:33.:11:35.

salvage in the teeth of Republican opposition. Thanks very much. And

:11:36.:11:44.

even full first day on Castle Hill with the Republican-controlled

:11:45.:11:44.

Congress. As we've seen, while the current

:11:45.:11:45.

members of the US Congress are being sworn in, US

:11:46.:11:48.

president-elect Donald Trump has been busy on social media -

:11:49.:11:50.

in another of his posts in the last few hours, he warns

:11:51.:11:54.

the car-maker General Motors about the consequences of making

:11:55.:11:55.

a particular model of car in Mexico. Mr Trump criticises

:11:56.:11:58.

the US car giant, for - quote - "sending Mexican-made

:11:59.:12:16.

model of the Chevy Cruze Car dealers, tax-free

:12:17.:12:19.

across border." Mr Trump follows this

:12:20.:12:32.

with his warning, "Make in U.S.A. of the sedan models of its car

:12:33.:12:35.

are put together in its Ohio GM sold about 190,000 Cruze cars

:12:36.:13:11.

in the United States in 2016. About four and a half thousand

:13:12.:13:20.

hatchbacks were assembled The US President elect

:13:21.:13:22.

Donald Trump has warned the car maker General Motors that it

:13:23.:13:27.

will face what he called a big border tax if it continues

:13:28.:13:30.

to make its Chevrolet Cruze Meanwhile the second largest US

:13:31.:13:32.

motor company Ford has announced this it is cancelling an investment

:13:33.:13:35.

planned for Mexico in favour This is not the first time Donald

:13:36.:13:44.

Trump has made a comment on social media. Previously, he was able to

:13:45.:13:49.

announce that carrier would not be sending all of the announced up to

:13:50.:13:53.

next ago and it would keep 850 jobs in the US, but was still standing at

:13:54.:13:59.

about 1000 jobs to Mexico. We also saw this happen with Boeing in terms

:14:00.:14:04.

of how the company was pricing not only the building of Force one, the

:14:05.:14:10.

plane that carries the President, but we also saw in terms of what was

:14:11.:14:15.

happening with the building of some air force carriers, so this is not

:14:16.:14:18.

the first and we have heard Mr Trump really call out companies for their

:14:19.:14:22.

practices of building things outside of the US and selling them back here

:14:23.:14:27.

in the US. So there was another story I mention, which is Ford,

:14:28.:14:30.

another car giant. They are cancelling plans for a new 1.6

:14:31.:14:35.

billion plant in Mexico and going to add 700 jobs in Michigan to build

:14:36.:14:42.

electric or autonomous vehicles. Is it connected in anyway? Do we have

:14:43.:14:45.

any sense of whether the Tweet played into it? Well, the BBC had

:14:46.:14:54.

just spoken with the CEO of four and what he said was that in fact it was

:14:55.:15:01.

the fact that the President-elect is creating an environment in which it

:15:02.:15:05.

is more profitable for the company to actually keep these jobs in the

:15:06.:15:12.

US and to build their cars here in the US. And when you sort of dealt a

:15:13.:15:17.

little bit deeper into what was it exactly that they are talking about

:15:18.:15:21.

in terms of the business environment, well, you are looking

:15:22.:15:24.

at regulations and they will be rolling back some of those

:15:25.:15:26.

regulations, especially when you think about it in terms of what we

:15:27.:15:29.

have heard about the President-elect, in terms of the

:15:30.:15:32.

energy policy and perhaps moving away from this need to try and keep

:15:33.:15:40.

green cars, really forcing that. That could make a good environment

:15:41.:15:46.

for the bottle makers you in the US. And he has not even had his in

:15:47.:15:51.

duration yet. Interesting times. Thank you very much. Speaking to us

:15:52.:15:53.

from the United States. A court in France has handed

:15:54.:15:57.

suspended prison terms to four Chelsea football fans accused

:15:58.:16:00.

of racially abusing a passenger They've also been ordered

:16:01.:16:02.

to pay the victim The men had been filmed pushing

:16:03.:16:08.

a black man out of the carriage and chanting "we are racist" before

:16:09.:16:12.

a Champions League A special annotated edition

:16:13.:16:14.

of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf has seen strong sales since its launch

:16:15.:16:18.

a year ago according About 85,000 copies

:16:19.:16:20.

of the anti-Semitic Nazi The decision to republish

:16:21.:16:25.

the inflammatory book has been A world leading energy plant has

:16:26.:16:49.

been opened in Tamil Nadu. It is the first of its kind.

:16:50.:16:51.

Instead, it was a Volkswagen which topped the sales charts.

:16:52.:16:53.

And for the first time, in more than 50 years,

:16:54.:16:55.

Sweden's best-selling car is not a Volvo.

:16:56.:16:57.

Instead, it was a Volkswagen which topped the sales charts.

:16:58.:17:00.

The VW Golf made up 5.9 percent of new cars bought

:17:01.:17:02.

in the country in 2016 while Volvo only had a 5.7

:17:03.:17:09.

percent slice of sales, spread across three models.

:17:10.:17:11.

The last time Volvo missed out on the top spot was in 1962,

:17:12.:17:14.

when another Volkswagen, The Beetle headed the list.

:17:15.:17:16.

Turkish police have detained more than a dozen people in connection

:17:17.:17:19.

with the New Year terror attack, which left 39 people dead.

:17:20.:17:21.

But the main suspect in the mass shooting at an Istanbul

:17:22.:17:24.

Our Turkey correspondent Mark Lowen has been into the club

:17:25.:17:27.

Three days ago, this place was full of joy,

:17:28.:17:31.

Today, Reina nightclub is a crime scene, scarred by terror.

:17:32.:17:34.

We were the first British broadcasters allowed in, briefly.

:17:35.:17:41.

A rare glimpse of where 39 people were killed on New Year's Eve.

:17:42.:17:44.

Imagine the horror as 180 bullets were sprayed here,

:17:45.:17:48.

people jumping into the freezing Bosporus to escape.

:17:49.:17:52.

The owners of Reina say they will reopen the nightclub.

:17:53.:17:55.

It's a sign of the defiant mood here.

:17:56.:17:57.

Yes, people are sombre, yes, they're fearful,

:17:58.:18:00.

but Turks have lived with the terror threat for decades,

:18:01.:18:03.

albeit on a smaller scale, and they're determined not to let

:18:04.:18:05.

Watch the right-hand side of this footage from the attack.

:18:06.:18:12.

A man jumps over a low fence outside the nightclub to avoid the bullets.

:18:13.:18:18.

Then the gunman runs up to the door, shooting his way into Reina.

:18:19.:18:23.

That man on the right of the video was the nightclub manager,

:18:24.:18:26.

TRANSLATION: I felt bullets explode next to me, I threw

:18:27.:18:35.

The gunman shot from behind, the bullets went

:18:36.:18:39.

When I fell, he must have thought he had hit me, so he went inside,

:18:40.:18:45.

New pictures have been released of the suspect,

:18:46.:18:51.

So-called Islamic State called on their brave soldier.

:18:52.:18:56.

Turkish authorities have given no information about him.

:18:57.:19:00.

Overnight, an area of Istanbul was raided.

:19:01.:19:04.

Reports say the gunman travelled from there

:19:05.:19:06.

to the nightclub for the attack, but no arrests were made.

:19:07.:19:11.

There have, though, been others detained,

:19:12.:19:12.

including two foreigners at Istanbul airport.

:19:13.:19:16.

It's not clear what link, if any, they're thoughts to have

:19:17.:19:19.

Those tired of terror went to the scene of the massacre today,

:19:20.:19:24.

Tributes were laid and thoughts gathered about how their country can

:19:25.:19:30.

rebuild and how the next generation can regain a sense of safety.

:19:31.:19:36.

I don't want to cry any more while I am watching

:19:37.:19:38.

And I don't want my daughter to grow up in this kind

:19:39.:19:45.

With this news in the background and everything.

:19:46.:19:53.

And so a nervous wait to see if those who protect this country

:19:54.:20:01.

are really closing in on the man who brought horror

:20:02.:20:03.

You saw photos of some of the victims of the attack

:20:04.:20:14.

Here's a closer look at some of the 39 people

:20:15.:20:18.

There is the latest on that story on the BBC News application and also on

:20:19.:22:15.

the website. Sales of vinyl records

:22:16.:22:18.

are at their highest in the UK for 25 years,

:22:19.:22:20.

boosted by a new generation of record collectors

:22:21.:22:22.

who buy the albums, Most people these days listen

:22:23.:22:24.

to music via streaming But increasingly they're also buying

:22:25.:22:29.

records in their physical format, MUSIC PLAYS: Whole Lotta

:22:30.:22:34.

Love by Led Zeppelin. For Phil Barton of Sister Ray

:22:35.:22:46.

Records, there is no debates - music just sounds better when it

:22:47.:22:59.

comes on a 12 inch disk. However, things have

:23:00.:23:01.

begun to change. Listen, ten years ago,

:23:02.:23:05.

I would have given you the keys the shop and said, look,

:23:06.:23:07.

I can't make any money out of this. I didn't realise this

:23:08.:23:10.

stuff was still going Last year Bowie Topped the chart,

:23:11.:23:12.

Prince was also in the top ten - The number of vinyl albums sold last

:23:13.:23:18.

year - three million. million sales. The bpi says that if

:23:19.:23:51.

you add in digital downloads, about 120 million albums were sold last

:23:52.:23:54.

year. The number of vinyl albums sold, 3 million. But both are

:23:55.:24:01.

dwarfed by the real music titan. Streaming. Streaming is a different

:24:02.:24:08.

beast, really. 45 billion streams. It is at the other end of the

:24:09.:24:12.

spectrum. It is not recorded me in the physical format as we know it.

:24:13.:24:16.

It is felt that streaming can help younger listeners to eventually try

:24:17.:24:20.

the hard stuff. Quite a lot of people and unique by vinyl. Do they?

:24:21.:24:28.

They do. They do, don't they? However, for some, this was an

:24:29.:24:32.

entirely new experience. It is massive! Look at it. What is that,

:24:33.:24:39.

about 12 inches? It is like a beat up. Oh, it goes in the thing that

:24:40.:24:45.

goes round. You really have never touched handled this? No, never. It

:24:46.:24:56.

is a first. Even the great, the world's most streamed artist, has

:24:57.:25:02.

released his back catalogue on vinyl. -- Sir Ivan Rogers -- Drake.

:25:03.:25:10.

But for some listeners, this type of visit is ancient history.

:25:11.:25:12.

And a shocking video to show you now, but one with a heroic end.

:25:13.:25:15.

It shows a chest of drawers toppling over as these twin toddlers

:25:16.:25:19.

in the US climb on it while playing alone in their bedroom.

:25:20.:25:22.

Two year old Brock gets trapped underneath and after working

:25:23.:25:24.

out what's going on, his brother Bowdy

:25:25.:25:26.

The video captured on a baby monitor, was released

:25:27.:25:31.

by their parents to highlight the dangers of unsecured furniture.

:25:32.:25:36.

Bowdy pushes and lifts the drawers until he finally manages

:25:37.:25:38.

to free his twin brother - who luckily wasn't injured.

:25:39.:25:40.

Their mother Kayli Shoff said she wouldn't have known what had

:25:41.:25:43.

happened if they hadn't reviewed the camera's footage

:25:44.:25:45.

and that she was, understandably, shocked at what she saw.

:25:46.:25:49.

I didn't know what to do. I felt like the worst mum. He stops for a

:25:50.:25:57.

good ten seconds, assessing the situation, like my brother is

:25:58.:26:00.

hurting. He is in pain. I need to help my brother. We were lucky.

:26:01.:26:07.

Everyone is well. That is over me. Goodbye.

:26:08.:26:15.